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O Come, All ye Faithful

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"O Come, All Ye Faithful" (originally written in Latin as) is a Christmas carol which has been attributed to various authors, including John Francis Wade (1711–1786), with the earliest copies of the hymn all bearing his signature, John Reading (1645–1692) and King John IV of Portugal (1604–1656). [1]

46 relations: Abbé, Bonaventure, Buckfast Abbey, Carol (music), Carols for Choirs, Charles Edward Stuart, Charles II of England, Christoph Willibald Gluck, Cistercians, Copyist, David Willcocks, Descant, Duke of Leeds, Durham University, English Hymnal, English people, Epiphany (holiday), Frederick Oakeley, George Frideric Handel, Gospel of John, Hymn, Hymn tune, Jacobitism, John Francis Wade, John IV of Portugal, John Reading (composer and organist), King's College, Cambridge, Last verse harmonisation, Lent, Liturgy, Marcos Portugal, Marylebone, Mass (Catholic Church), Meter (hymn), Nine Lessons and Carols, Oxford University Press, Pange Lingua Gloriosi Proelium Certaminis, Pipe organ, Plainsong, Refrain, Sacred Harp, Samuel Webbe, Soprano, Thomas Arne, Vila Viçosa, 1755 Lisbon earthquake.


Abbé (from Latin abbas, in turn from Greek ἀββᾶς, abbas, from Aramaic abba, title of honour, literally "the father, my father," emphatic state of abh, "father") is the French word for abbot.

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Saint Bonaventure, O.F.M. (San Bonaventura; 1221 – 15 July 1274), born Giovanni di Fidanza, was an Italian medieval scholastic theologian and philosopher.

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Buckfast Abbey

Buckfast Abbey forms part of an active Benedictine monastery at Buckfast, near Buckfastleigh, Devon, England.

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Carol (music)

A carol is in modern parlance a festive song, generally religious but not necessarily connected with church worship, and often with a dance-like or popular character.

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Carols for Choirs

Carols for Choirs, published by Oxford University Press, edited by Sir David Willcocks with Reginald Jacques and John Rutter, is the most widely used source of carols (predominantly Christmas carols, though some are for other festivals) in the British Anglican tradition, and among British choral societies.

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Charles Edward Stuart

Charles Edward Louis John Casimir Sylvester Severino Maria Stuart (31 December 1720 – 31 January 1788), commonly known in Britain during his lifetime as The Young Pretender and often known in retrospective accounts as Bonnie Prince Charlie, was the second Jacobite pretender to the thrones of England, Scotland, France and Ireland (as Charles III) from the death of his father in 1766.

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Charles II of England

Charles II (29 May 1630 – 6 February 1685) was monarch of the three kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland.

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Christoph Willibald Gluck

Christoph Willibald Ritter von Gluck (2 July 1714 – 15 November 1787) was a composer of Italian and French opera in the early classical period.

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A Cistercian is a member of the Cistercian Order (abbreviated as OCist or SOCist ((Sacer) Ordo Cisterciensis), a religious order of monks and nuns. They are variously called the Bernardines, after the highly influential St. Bernard of Clairvaux (though the term is also used of the Franciscan Order in Poland and Lithuania), or the White Monks, in reference to the colour of the "cuccula" or white choir robe worn by the Cistercians over their habits, as opposed to the black cucculas worn by the Benedictine monks. The original emphasis of Cistercian life was on manual labour and self-sufficiency, and many abbeys have traditionally supported themselves through activities such as agriculture and brewing ales. Over the centuries, however, education and academic pursuits came to dominate the life of their monasteries. A reform movement seeking a simpler lifestyle started in 17th-century France at La Trappe Abbey, which led to development of the Order of Cistercians of the Strict Observance (OCSO), commonly called the Trappists. After that the followers of the older pattern of life became known as the Cistercians of the Original Observance. The term Cistercian (French Cistercien), derives from Cistercium, the Latin name for the village of Cîteaux, near Dijon in eastern France. It was in this village that a group of Benedictine monks from the monastery of Molesme founded Cîteaux Abbey in 1098, with the goal of following more closely the Rule of Saint Benedict. The best known of them were Robert of Molesme, Alberic of Cîteaux and the English monk Stephen Harding, who were the first three abbots. Bernard of Clairvaux entered the monastery in the early 1110s with 30 companions and helped the rapid proliferation of the order. By the end of the 12th century, the order had spread throughout France and into England, Wales, Scotland, Ireland, Spain, Portugal, Italy, and Eastern Europe. The keynote of Cistercian life was a return to literal observance of the Rule of St Benedict. Rejecting the developments the Benedictines had undergone, the monks tried to replicate monastic life exactly as it had been in Saint Benedict's time; indeed in various points they went beyond it in austerity. The most striking feature in the reform was the return to manual labour, especially field-work, a special characteristic of Cistercian life. Cistercian architecture is considered one of the most beautiful styles of medieval architecture. Additionally, in relation to fields such as agriculture, hydraulic engineering and metallurgy, the Cistercians became the main force of technological diffusion in medieval Europe. The Cistercians were adversely affected in England by the Protestant Reformation, the Dissolution of the Monasteries under King Henry VIII, the French Revolution in continental Europe, and the revolutions of the 18th century, but some survived and the order recovered in the 19th century. In 1891 certain abbeys formed a new Order called Trappists (Ordo Cisterciensium Strictioris Observantiae – OCSO), which today exists as an order distinct from the Common Observance.

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A copyist is a person who makes copies.

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David Willcocks

Sir David Valentine Willcocks (30 December 1919 – 17 September 2015) was a British choral conductor, organist, composer and music administrator.

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Descant, discant, or can refer to several different things in music, depending on the period in question; etymologically, the word means a voice (cantus) above or removed from others.

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Duke of Leeds

Duke of Leeds was a title in the Peerage of England.

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Durham University

Durham University (officially known as the University of Durham) is a collegiate research university in Durham, North East England.

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English Hymnal

The English Hymnal was published in 1906 for the Church of England under the editorship of Percy Dearmer and Ralph Vaughan Williams.

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English people

The English are a nation and ethnic group native to England, who speak the English language.

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Epiphany (holiday)

Epiphany (Koine Greek: Ἐπιφάνεια, Epiphaneia, "Manifestation", "striking appearance") or Theophany, (Ancient Greek: (ἡ) Θεοφάνεια, Τheophaneia meaning "Vision of God") also known as Three Kings' Day, is a Christian feast day that celebrates the revelation of God the Son as a human being in Jesus Christ.

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Frederick Oakeley

Frederick Oakeley (5 September 1802 – 30 January 1880) was an English Roman Catholic convert, priest, and author.

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George Frideric Handel

George Frideric (or Frederick) Handel (born Georg Friedrich Händel,; 23 February 1685 (O.S.) – 14 April 1759) was a German-born British Baroque composer who spent the bulk of his career in London, becoming well known for his operas, oratorios, anthems, and organ concertos.

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Gospel of John

The Gospel According to John (also referred to as the Gospel of John, the Fourth Gospel, or simply John; Τὸ κατὰ Ἰωάννην εὐαγγέλιον, to kata Ioannen euangelion) is one of the four canonical gospels in the Christian Bible.

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A hymn is a type of song, usually religious, specifically written for the purpose of praising GOD, adoration or prayer, and typically addressed to a deity or deities, or to a prominent figure or personification.

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Hymn tune

A hymn tune is the melody of a musical composition to which a hymn text is sung.

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Jacobitism (Seacaibíteachas, Seumasachas) was a political movement in Great Britain and Ireland that aimed to restore the Roman Catholic Stuart King James II of England and his heirs to the thrones of England, Scotland and Ireland.

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John Francis Wade

John Francis Wade (1711 – 16 August 1786) was an English hymnist who is sometimes credited with writing and composing the hymn "Adeste Fideles" (which was later translated to "O Come All Ye Faithful") even though the actual authorship of the hymn remains uncertain.

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John IV of Portugal

John IV (João IV de Portugal,; 19 March 1604 – 6 November 1656) was the King of Portugal and the Algarves from 1640 to his death.

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John Reading (composer and organist)

John Reading (c. 1645–1692) was an English composer and organist, and father of John Reading (c. 1685 – 1764) who is remembered as an important music copyist.

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King's College, Cambridge

King's College is a constituent college of the University of Cambridge in Cambridge, England.

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Last verse harmonisation

Last verse harmonisation is a technique of hymn accompaniment used by church organists.

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Lent (Latin: Quadragesima - English: Fortieth) is a solemn religious observance in the liturgical calendar of many Christian denominations that begins on Ash Wednesday and covers a period of approximately six weeks before Easter Sunday.

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Liturgy (λειτουργία) is the customary public worship done by a specific religious group, according to its particular beliefs, customs and traditions.

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Marcos Portugal

Marcos António da Fonseca Portugal (March 24, 1762 – February 17, 1830), known as Marcos Portugal, or Marco Portogallo, was a Portuguese classical composer, who achieved great international fame for his operas in Italian.

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Marylebone (or (both appropriate for the Parish Church of St. Marylebone),,, or) is an affluent inner-city area of central London, England, located within the City of Westminster.

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Mass (Catholic Church)

The Mass or Eucharist is the central act of worship in the Catholic Church, which describes it as "the source and summit of the Christian life".

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Meter (hymn)

A hymn meter or metre indicates the number of syllables for the lines in each stanza of a hymn.

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Nine Lessons and Carols

The Festival of Nine Lessons and Carols is a service of Christian worship celebrating the birth of Jesus that is traditionally followed at Christmas.

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Oxford University Press

Oxford University Press (OUP) is the largest university press in the world, and the second-oldest, after Cambridge University Press.

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Pange Lingua Gloriosi Proelium Certaminis

Pange Lingua Gloriosi Proelium Certaminis (English: Sing Tongue Glorious Battle Competition) is a sixth-century Latin hymn generally credited to the Christian poet St. Venantius Fortunatus, Bishop of Poitiers, celebrating the Passion of Christ.

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Pipe organ

The pipe organ (also known as church organ or chapel organ) is a musical instrument that produces sound by driving pressurized air (called wind) through pipes selected via a keyboard.

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Plainsong (also plainchant; cantus planus) is a body of chants used in the liturgies of the Western Church.

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A refrain (from Vulgar Latin refringere, "to repeat", and later from Old French refraindre) is the line or lines that are repeated in music or in verse; the "chorus" of a song.

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Sacred Harp

Sacred Harp singing is a tradition of sacred choral music that originated in the American South of the United States.

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Samuel Webbe

Samuel Webbe (1740 – 25 May 1816) was an English composer.

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A soprano is a type of classical female singing voice and has the highest vocal range of all voice types.

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Thomas Arne

Thomas Augustine Arne (12 March 1710, London – 5 March 1778, London) was an English composer, best known for the patriotic song Rule, Britannia!.

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Vila Viçosa

Vila Viçosa is a municipality in the District of Évora in Portugal.

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1755 Lisbon earthquake

The 1755 Lisbon earthquake, also known as the Great Lisbon earthquake, occurred in the Kingdom of Portugal on Saturday, 1 November, the holiday of All Saints' Day, at around 09:40 local time.

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Redirects here:

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[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/O_Come,_All_ye_Faithful

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