434 relations: Aída Valencia, Academic degree, Administrative divisions of Mexico, Afro-Mexicans, Aftershock, Agave, Agricultural lime, Agustín de Iturbide, Ahuitzotl, Alebrije, Alejandro Murat Hinojosa, Alfalfa, Amuzgos, Anarchism, Angélica Melchor Vásquez, Anthropologist, Area codes in Mexico by code (200-299), Area codes in Mexico by code (900-999), Armadillo, Association football, Atlanta Braves, Atoyac River (Oaxaca), Axayacatl, Aztec Empire, Aztecs, Bahia de Tembo, Baja California, Baja California Sur, Baptism, Baroque architecture, Barro negro pottery, Baseball, Basilica of Our Lady of Solitude, Basketball, Benito Juárez, Benito Juárez Autonomous University of Oaxaca, Benito Juárez National Park, Blue-winged teal, Bus, Cañada Region, Cactus, Candelaria Loxicha, Capital city, Carol Antonio Altamirano, Cattle, Central Time Zone, Centro District, Chamber of Deputies (Mexico), Chapulines, Chatino language, ..., Chatinos, Chiapas, Chichimeca, Chicken, Chinantecan languages, Chivela Pass, Choapam District, Chocho language, Chocho people, Church of Santo Domingo de Guzmán, Coatzacoalcos River, Cochineal, Cocoa bean, Coixtlahuaca, Coixtlahuaca District, Colorado Rockies, Conquistador, Copalita River, Cosijoeza, Costa Region, Ctenosaura similis, Cuicatec language, Cuicatecs, Cuicatlán District, Cuilapan de Guerrero, Curandero, Dainzú, Deciduous, Delfina Guzmán Díaz, Dengue fever, Dios Nunca Muere, Doctor of Medicine, Dollar coin (United States), Dolphin, Dominican Order, Dysphania ambrosioides, Earthquake, Eclampsia, Ejido, Ejutla District, Emiliano Zapata, Estadio Eduardo Vasconcelos, Etla District, Eufrosina Cruz, Eva Diego Cruz, Federal Constitution of the United Mexican States of 1857, Filigree, Football player, Francisco I. Madero, Francisco Toledo, Fretwork, Furcraea, Gabino Cué Monteagudo, Gloria Bautista Cuevas, Goat, Gonzalo de Sandoval, Graphic Arts Institute of Oaxaca, Graphite, Great Depression, Green glazed pottery of Atzompa, Grupo Aeroportuario del Sureste, Guadalupe Etla, Guatemala, Guelaguetza, Guerrero, Guerreros de Oaxaca, Guilá Naquitz Cave, Gulf of Mexico, Hawk, Hernán Cortés, Heron, Hierve el Agua, Horse, Houston Astros, Huajuapan de León, Huajuapan District, Huatulco, Huatulco National Park, Huautla de Jiménez, Huave, Hugo Jarquín, Huipil, Human Development Index, Hummingbird, Idolatry, Iguana, Indigenous peoples, Institute for Social Security and Services for State Workers, Institutional Revolutionary Party, Instituto Tecnológico de Oaxaca, International Air Transport Association, Isthmus of Tehuantepec, Istmo de Tehuantepec, Ixcatec language, Ixcatecos, Ixtlán District, Jamiltepec District, Javier Aquino, José María Morelos, José Soto Martínez, Juan Luis Martínez Martínez, Juchitán de 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Aída Fabiola Valencia Ramírez (born 31 January 1978) is a Mexican politician affiliated with the National Regeneration Movement (formerly to the Citizens' Movement. As of 2013 she served as Deputy of the LXII Legislature of the Mexican Congress representing Oaxaca.
An academic degree is a qualification awarded to students upon successful completion of a course of study in higher education, normally at a college or university.
The United Mexican States (Estados Unidos Mexicanos) is a federal republic composed of 31 states and the capital, Mexico City, an autonomous entity on par with the states.
Afro-Mexicans (afromexicanos; negros; afrodescendientes.), also known as Black Mexicans are Mexicans who have both a predominant heritage from Sub-Saharan Africa and identify as such.
An aftershock is a smaller earthquake that occurs after a previous large earthquake, in the same area of the main shock.
Agave is a genus of monocots native to the hot and arid regions of Mexico and the Southwestern United States.
Agricultural lime, also called aglime, agricultural limestone, garden lime or liming, is a soil additive made from pulverized limestone or chalk.
Agustín Cosme Damián de Iturbide y Arámburu (27 September 178319 July 1824), also known as Augustine of Mexico, was a Mexican army general and politician.
Ahuitzotl (āhuitzotl) was the eighth Aztec ruler, the Hueyi Tlatoani of the city of Tenochtitlan, son of princess Atotoztli II.
Alebrijes are brightly colored Mexican folk art sculptures of fantastical (fantasy/mythical) creatures.
Alejandro Ismael Murat Hinojosa (born August 4, 1975) is a Mexican politician affiliated with the Institutional Revolutionary Party.
Alfalfa, Medicago sativa also called lucerne, is a perennial flowering plant in the pea family Fabaceae cultivated as an important forage crop in many countries around the world.
The Amuzgos are an indigenous people of Mexico.
Anarchism is a political philosophy that advocates self-governed societies based on voluntary institutions.
Angélica Rocío Melchor Vásquez (born 12 April 1980) is a Mexican politician affiliated with the PRD.
An anthropologist is a person engaged in the practice of anthropology.
The range of area codes 200-299 in Mexico is reserved for Puebla, Tlaxcala, Oaxaca and Veracruz.
The range of area codes 900-999 in Mexico is reserved for Campeche, Chiapas, Oaxaca, Puebla, Quintana Roo, Tabasco, Veracruz and Yucatán.
Armadillos are New World placental mammals in the order Cingulata with a leathery armour shell.
Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a team sport played between two teams of eleven players with a spherical ball.
The Atlanta Braves are an American professional baseball franchise based in the Atlanta metropolitan area.
The Atoyac River is a river in Oaxaca, Mexico.
Axayacatl (āxāyacatl; Axayácatl; meaning "face of water"; c. 1449-1481) was the sixth tlatoani of the altepetl of Tenochtitlan and ruler of the Aztec Triple Alliance.
The Aztec Empire, or the Triple Alliance (Ēxcān Tlahtōlōyān, ˈjéːʃkaːn̥ t͡ɬaʔtoːˈlóːjaːn̥), began as an alliance of three Nahua altepetl city-states: italic, italic, and italic.
The Aztecs were a Mesoamerican culture that flourished in central Mexico in the post-classic period from 1300 to 1521.
Bahia de Tembo is a beach on a secluded bay on the Pacific coast in Oaxaca, Mexico.
Baja CaliforniaSometimes informally referred to as Baja California Norte (North Lower California) to distinguish it from both the Baja California Peninsula, of which it forms the northern half, and Baja California Sur, the adjacent state that covers the southern half of the peninsula.
Baja California Sur, (South Lower California), officially the Free and Sovereign State of Baja California Sur (Estado Libre y Soberano de Baja California Sur), is the second-smallest Mexican state by population and the 31st admitted state of the 31 states which, with Mexico City, make up the 32 Federal Entities of Mexico.
Baptism (from the Greek noun βάπτισμα baptisma; see below) is a Christian sacrament of admission and adoption, almost invariably with the use of water, into Christianity.
Baroque architecture is the building style of the Baroque era, begun in late 16th-century Italy, that took the Roman vocabulary of Renaissance architecture and used it in a new rhetorical and theatrical fashion, often to express the triumph of the Catholic Church.
Barro negro pottery ("black clay") is a style of pottery from Oaxaca, Mexico, distinguished by its color, sheen and unique designs.
Baseball is a bat-and-ball game played between two opposing teams who take turns batting and fielding.
The Basilica of Our Lady of Solitude (Basílica de Nuestra Señora de la Soledad) is a Roman Catholic Basilica located in Oaxaca de Juárez, Oaxaca, Mexico.
Basketball is a team sport played on a rectangular court.
Benito Pablo Juárez García (21 March 1806 – 18 July 1872) was a Mexican lawyer and liberal politician of Zapotec origin from Oaxaca.
The Benito Juárez Autonomous University of Oaxaca (Universidad Autónoma Benito Juárez de Oaxaca, UABJO) is a public university located in the city of Oaxaca de Juárez in state of Oaxaca, Mexico.
The Benito Juárez National Park is in the Valles Centrales Region of Oaxaca, Mexico, and includes parts of the municipalities of San Felipe Tejalapam and San Andres Huayapan.
The blue-winged teal (Spatula discors) is a species of bird in the duck, goose, and swan family Anatidae.
A bus (archaically also omnibus, multibus, motorbus, autobus) is a road vehicle designed to carry many passengers.
Cañada is a region in the state of Oaxaca, Mexico covering 4,300 square km.
A cactus (plural: cacti, cactuses, or cactus) is a member of the plant family Cactaceae,Although the spellings of botanical families have been largely standardized, there is little agreement among botanists as to how these names are to be pronounced.
Candelaria Loxicha is a town and municipality in Oaxaca in south-western Mexico.
A capital city (or simply capital) is the municipality exercising primary status in a country, state, province, or other administrative region, usually as its seat of government.
Carol Antonio Altamirano (born 13 December 1963) is a Mexican politician and lawyer affiliated with the PRD.
Cattle—colloquially cows—are the most common type of large domesticated ungulates.
The North American Central Time Zone (CT) is a time zone in parts of Canada, the United States, Mexico, Central America, some Caribbean Islands, and part of the Eastern Pacific Ocean.
Centro District is located in the Valles Centrales Region of the State of Oaxaca, Mexico.
The Chamber of Deputies (Spanish: Cámara de Diputados) is the lower house of the Congress of the Union, the bicameral legislature of Mexico.
Chapulines, plural for chapulín, are grasshoppers of the genus Sphenarium, that are commonly eaten in certain areas of Mexico.
Chatino is a group of indigenous Mesoamerican languages.
The Chatinos are an indigenous people of Mexico.
Chiapas, officially the Free and Sovereign State of Chiapas (Estado Libre y Soberano de Chiapas), is one of the 31 states that with Mexico City make up the 32 federal entities of Mexico.
Chichimeca (Spanish) was the name that the Nahua peoples of Mexico generically applied to nomadic and semi-nomadic peoples who were established in present-day Bajio region of Mexico.
The chicken (Gallus gallus domesticus) is a type of domesticated fowl, a subspecies of the red junglefowl.
The Chinantec or Chinantecan languages constitute a branch of the Oto-Manguean family.
The Chivela Pass is a narrow mountain pass in the Sierra Madre Mountains that funnels cooler, drier air from the North American continent, through southern Mexico, into the Pacific.
Choapam District is located in the south of the Papaloapan Region of the State of Oaxaca, Mexico.
Chocho (also Chocholtec, Chocholteco Chochotec, Chochon, or Ngigua) is a language of the Popolocan branch of the Oto-Manguean language family spoken in Mexico in the following communities of Oaxaca: Santa María Nativitas, San Juan Bautista Coixtlahuaca, San Miguel Tulancingo.
The Chochos (formerly Chochones; Chocho: Ngiwa) are an indigenous people of the Mexican state of Oaxaca.
The Church and former monastery of Santo Domingo de Guzmán (Templo de Santo Domingo de Guzmán) is a Baroque ecclesiastical building complex in Oaxaca, Oaxaca, Mexico.
The Coatzacoalcos is a large river that feeds mainly the south part of the state of Veracruz; it originates in the Sierra de Niltepec and crosses the state of Oaxaca in the region of the Isthmus of Tehuantepec, flowing for toward the Gulf of Mexico.
The cochineal (Dactylopius coccus) is a scale insect in the suborder Sternorrhyncha, from which the natural dye carmine is derived.
The cocoa bean, also called cacao bean, cocoa, and cacao, is the dried and fully fermented seed of Theobroma cacao, from which cocoa solids and, because of the seed's fat, cocoa butter can be extracted.
Coixtlahuaca (Chocho: Nguichee; Mixtec: Yodzocoo; Nahuatl: Coaixtlahuacan) was a pre-Columbian Mesoamerican state in the Mixteca Alta (now in Oaxaca, Mexico).
Coixtlahuaca District is located in the northeast of the Mixteca Region of the State of Oaxaca, Mexico.
The Colorado Rockies are an American professional baseball team based in Denver, Colorado.
Conquistadors (from Spanish or Portuguese conquistadores "conquerors") is a term used to refer to the soldiers and explorers of the Spanish Empire or the Portuguese Empire in a general sense.
The Copalita River is a river of Mexico.
Cosijoeza or Cocijoeza (Zapotec: Gzio'za'a) was the fourth ruler of the Zapotec kingdom of Zaachila from 1487 until his death in 1504.
The Costa Region or Costa Chica lies on the Pacific coast of the state of Oaxaca, Mexico, south of the more mountainous Sierra Sur inland from the coast.
Ctenosaura similis, commonly known as the black spiny-tailed iguana, black iguana, or black ctenosaur, is a lizard native to Mexico and Central America that has been introduced to the United States in the state of Florida.
The Cuicatecs are an indigenous group of the Mexican state of Oaxaca, closely related to the Mixtecs.
The Cuicatecs are an indigenous people of Mexico.
Cuicatlán District is located in the northeast of the Cañada Region of the State of Oaxaca, Mexico.
Cuilapan de Guerrero is a town and municipality located in the central valley region of Oaxaca in southern Mexico.
A curandero (f. curandera) or curandeiro (f. curandeira) is a traditional Native healer, shaman or Witch doctor found in Latin America, the United States and Southern Europe.
Dainzú is a Zapotec archaeological site located in the eastern side of the Valles Centrales de Oaxaca, about 20 km south-east of the city of Oaxaca, Oaxaca State, Mexico.
In the fields of horticulture and botany, the term deciduous (/dɪˈsɪdʒuəs/) means "falling off at maturity" and "tending to fall off", in reference to trees and shrubs that seasonally shed leaves, usually in the autumn; to the shedding of petals, after flowering; and to the shedding of ripe fruit.
Delfina Elizabeth Guzmán Díaz (born 13 November 1960) is a Mexican politician affiliated with the PRD.
Dengue fever is a mosquito-borne tropical disease caused by the dengue virus.
Dios Nunca Muere (God Never Dies) is a Mexican waltz written by composer and violinist Macedonio Alcalá in 1868.
A Doctor of Medicine (MD from Latin Medicinae Doctor) is a medical degree, the meaning of which varies between different jurisdictions.
The dollar coin is a United States coin worth one United States dollar.
Dolphins are a widely distributed and diverse group of aquatic mammals.
The Order of Preachers (Ordo Praedicatorum, postnominal abbreviation OP), also known as the Dominican Order, is a mendicant Catholic religious order founded by the Spanish priest Dominic of Caleruega in France, approved by Pope Honorius III via the Papal bull Religiosam vitam on 22 December 1216.
Dysphania ambrosioides, formerly Chenopodium ambrosioides, known as wormseed, Jesuit's tea, Mexican-tea, payqu (paico), epazote, mastruz, or herba sanctæ Mariæ, is an annual or short-lived perennial herb native to Central America, South America, and southern Mexico.
An earthquake (also known as a quake, tremor or temblor) is the shaking of the surface of the Earth, resulting from the sudden release of energy in the Earth's lithosphere that creates seismic waves.
Eclampsia is the onset of seizures (convulsions) in a woman with pre-eclampsia.
In Mexican system of government, an ejido (from Latin exitum) is an area of communal land used for agriculture, on which community members individually farm designated parcels and collectively maintain communal holdings.
Ejutla District is located in the south of the Valles Centrales Region of the State of Oaxaca, Mexico.
Emiliano Zapata Salazar (8 August 1879 – 10 April 1919) was a leading figure in the Mexican Revolution, the main leader of the peasant revolution in the state of Morelos, and the inspiration of the agrarian movement called Zapatismo.
Eduardo Vasconcelos Stadium, also known as Estadio de Béisbol Lic.
Etla District is located in the north of the Valles Centrales Region of the State of Oaxaca, Mexico.
Eufrosina Cruz Mendoza (born 1 January 1979 in Santa María Quiegolani, Oaxaca) is a Zapotec woman from the state of Oaxaca, Mexico.
Eva Diego Cruz (born 2 May 1975) is a Mexican politician affiliated with the PRD.
The Federal Constitution of the United Mexican States of 1857 (Constitución Federal de los Estados Unidos Mexicanos de 1857) often called simply the Constitution of 1857 is the liberal constitution drafted by 1857 Constituent Congress of Mexico during the presidency of Ignacio Comonfort.
Filigree (also less commonly spelled filagree, and formerly written filigrann or filigrene) is a delicate kind of jewellery metalwork, usually of gold and silver, made with tiny beads or twisted threads, or both in combination, soldered together or to the surface of an object of the same metal and arranged in artistic motifs.
A football player is a sportsperson who plays one of the different types of football.
Francisco Ignacio Madero González (30 October 1873 – 22 February 1913) was a Mexican revolutionary, writer and statesman who served as the 33rd president of Mexico from 1911 until his assassination in 1913.
Francisco Benjamín López Toledo (born July 17, 1940, Juchitán, Oaxaca) is a Mexican painter, sculptor, and graphic artist.
Fretwork is an interlaced decorative design that is either carved in low relief on a solid background, or cut out with a fretsaw, coping saw, jigsaw or scroll saw.
Furcraea is a genus of succulent plants belonging to the family Asparagaceae, subfamily Agavoideae, native to tropical regions of Mexico, the Caribbean, Central America and northern South America.
Gabino Cué Monteagudo (born February 23, 1966 in Oaxaca de Juárez, Oaxaca, Mexico) is a Mexican politician.
Gloria Bautista Cuevas (born 16 March 1953) is a Mexican politician affiliated with the PRD.
The domestic goat (Capra aegagrus hircus) is a subspecies of goat domesticated from the wild goat of southwest Asia and Eastern Europe.
Gonzalo de Sandoval (1497, Medellín, Spain – late in 1528, Palos de la Frontera, Spain) was a Spanish conquistador in New Spain (Mexico)Diaz, B., 1963, The Conquest of New Spain, London: Penguin Books, and briefly co-governor of the colony while Hernán Cortés was away from the capital (March 2, 1527 to August 22, 1527).
The Graphic Arts Institute of Oaxaca (Instituto de Artes Gráficas de Oaxaca) is a school of art located in the city of Oaxaca de Juarez, Oaxaca, Mexico.
Graphite, archaically referred to as plumbago, is a crystalline allotrope of carbon, a semimetal, a native element mineral, and a form of coal.
The Great Depression was a severe worldwide economic depression that took place mostly during the 1930s, beginning in the United States.
Green glazed pottery of Atzompa is a style of glazed pottery, which originates in the Oaxaca, Mexico town of Santa María Atzompa.
Grupo Aeroportuario del Sureste, S.A.B. de C.V., known as ASUR, is a Mexican airport operator headquartered in Mexico City, Mexico.
Guadalupe Etla is a village and municipality in the Mexican state of Oaxaca.
Guatemala, officially the Republic of Guatemala (República de Guatemala), is a country in Central America bordered by Mexico to the north and west, the Pacific Ocean to the southwest, Belize to the northeast, the Caribbean to the east, Honduras to the east and El Salvador to the southeast.
The Guelaguetza, or Los lunes del cerro (Mondays on the Hill), is an annual indigenous cultural event in Mexico that takes place in the city of Oaxaca, capital of the state of Oaxaca, as well as in nearby villages.
Guerrero (Spanish for "warrior"), officially the Free and Sovereign State of Guerrero (Estado Libre y Soberano de Guerrero), is one of the 31 states which, with the Federal District, comprise the 32 Federal Entities of Mexico.
The Guerreros de Oaxaca (English: Oaxaca Warriors) are a Triple-A Minor League Baseball team which plays in the Mexican League in Oaxaca de Juarez, Oaxaca, Mexico.
Guilá Naquitz Cave in Oaxaca, Mexico is the site of early domestication of several food crops, including teosinte (an ancestor of maize), squash from the genus Cucurbita, bottle gourds (Lagenaria siceraria), and beans.
The Gulf of Mexico (Golfo de México) is an ocean basin and a marginal sea of the Atlantic Ocean, largely surrounded by the North American continent.
Hawks are a group of medium-sized diurnal birds of prey of the family Accipitridae.
Hernán Cortés de Monroy y Pizarro Altamirano, Marquis of the Valley of Oaxaca (1485 – December 2, 1547) was a Spanish Conquistador who led an expedition that caused the fall of the Aztec Empire and brought large portions of what is now mainland Mexico under the rule of the King of Castile in the early 16th century.
The herons are the long-legged freshwater and coastal birds in the family Ardeidae, with 64 recognised species, some of which are referred to as egrets or bitterns rather than herons.
Hierve el Agua (Spanish for "the water boils") is a set of natural rock formations in the Mexican state of Oaxaca that resemble cascades of water.
The horse (Equus ferus caballus) is one of two extant subspecies of ''Equus ferus''.
The Houston Astros are an American professional baseball team based in Houston, Texas.
Heroica Ciudad de Huajuapan de León (Ñuu dee, meaning Place of Brave People) is a city with a surrounding municipality located in the northwestern part of the Mexican state of Oaxaca.
Huajuapan District is located in the north of the Mixteca Region of the State of Oaxaca, Mexico.
Huatulco (wah-TOOL-coh), formally Bahías de Huatulco, centered on the town of La Crucecita, is a tourist development in Mexico.
Huatulco National Park, also known as Bahias de Huatulco National Park is a national park of Oaxaca, Mexico.
Huautla de Jimenez is a town and municipality in the Mexican state of Oaxaca.
The Huave (also spelled Huavi or Wabi) are an indigenous people of Mexico.
Hugo Jarquín (born 1 June 1966) is a Mexican politician affiliated with the PRD.
Huipil (from the Nahuatl word huīpīlli) is the most common traditional garment worn by indigenous women from central Mexico to Central America.
The Human Development Index (HDI) is a composite statistic (composite index) of life expectancy, education, and per capita income indicators, which are used to rank countries into four tiers of human development.
Hummingbirds are birds from the Americas that constitute the family Trochilidae.
Idolatry literally means the worship of an "idol", also known as a cult image, in the form of a physical image, such as a statue or icon.
Iguana is a genus of herbivorous lizards that are native to tropical areas of Mexico, Central America, South America, and the Caribbean.
Indigenous peoples, also known as first peoples, aboriginal peoples or native peoples, are ethnic groups who are the pre-colonial original inhabitants of a given region, in contrast to groups that have settled, occupied or colonized the area more recently.
The Mexican Civil Service Social Security and Services Institute (Instituto de Seguridad y Servicios Sociales de los Trabajadores del Estado, or ISSSTE) is a federal government organization in Mexico that administers part of Mexico's health care and social security systems, and provides assistance in cases of disability, old age, risks in labor, and death (or IVCM, for invalidez, vejez, cesantía en edad avanzada, y muerte) to federal workers.
The Institutional Revolutionary Party (Partido Revolucionario Institucional, PRI) is a Mexican political party founded in 1929 that held power uninterruptedly in the country for 71 years from 1929 to 2000, first as the National Revolutionary Party (Partido Nacional Revolucionario, PNR), then as the Party of the Mexican Revolution (Partido de la Revolución Mexicana, PRM), and finally renaming itself as the Institutional Revolutionary Party in 1946.
The Instituto Tecnológico de Oaxaca (ITO) (Oaxaca Institute of Technology) is a public institution of higher education located in Oaxaca de Juárez, Oaxaca, Mexico.
The International Air Transport Association (IATA) is a trade association of the world’s airlines.
The Isthmus of Tehuantepec is an isthmus in Mexico.
Istmo de Tehuantepec is the largest region of the state of Oaxaca, located in southwestern Mexico.
Ixcatec, or Xwja, is a language spoken by the people of the Mexican village of Santa María Ixcatlan, in the northern part of the state of Oaxaca.
The Ixcatec people are a native ethnic minority in Mexico.
Ixtlán District is located in the northeast of the Sierra Norte region of the State of Oaxaca, Mexico.
Jamiltepec District is located in the west of the Costa Region of the State of Oaxaca, Mexico.
Javier Ignacio Aquino Carmona (born 11 February 1990) is a Mexican professional footballer who plays for Tigres and the Mexico national team.
José María Teclo Morelos Pérez y Pavón (September 30, 1765, City of Valladolid, now Morelia, Michoacán – December 22, 1815, San Cristóbal Ecatepec, State of México) was a Mexican Roman Catholic priest and revolutionary rebel leader who led the Mexican War of Independence movement, assuming its leadership after the execution of Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla in 1811.
José Soto Martínez (born 15 March 1946) is a Mexican politician affiliated with the Convergence.
Juan Luis Martínez Martínez (born 26 June 1972) is a Mexican politician affiliated with the National Regeneration Movement (formerly to the Citizens' Movement. He currently serves as Deputy of the LXII Legislature of the Mexican Congress representing Oaxaca.
Juchitán de Zaragoza (Spanish name; Isthmus Zapotec: Xabizende) is an indigenous town in the southeast of the Mexican state of Oaxaca.
Juchitán District is located in the east of the Istmo de Tehuantepec region of the State of Oaxaca, Mexico, covering the southern part of a low-lying corridor through the mountains that separates the Gulf of Mexico from the Pacific ocean.
Juquila District is located in the center of the Costa Region of the State of Oaxaca, Mexico, on the Pacific coast.
The Juris Doctor degree (J.D. or JD), also known as the Doctor of Jurisprudence degree (J.D., JD, D.Jur. or DJur), is a graduate-entry professional degree in law and one of several Doctor of Law degrees.
Juxtlahuaca is a cave and archaeological site in the Mexican state of Guerrero containing murals linked to the Olmec motifs and iconography.
Juxtlahuaca District is located in the southwest of the Mixteca Region of the State of Oaxaca, Mexico.
A kayak is a small, narrow watercraft which is propelled by means of a double-bladed paddle.
The Lagunas de Chacahua National Park (Parque Nacional Lagunas de Chacahua), created in 1937, is a national park located in the Municipality of Villa de Tututepec de Melchor Ocampo in the Mexican state of Oaxaca, about 54 km west of Puerto Escondido, near a village called Zapotalito.
Lambityeco is a small archaeological site just about 3 kilometers west of the Tlacolula city in the Mexican state of Oaxaca.
The leatherback sea turtle (Dermochelys coriacea), sometimes called the lute turtle or leathery turtle or simply the luth, is the largest of all living turtles and is the fourth-heaviest modern reptile behind three crocodilians.
Leucaena leucocephala is a small fast-growing mimosoid tree native to southern Mexico and northern Central America (Belize and Guatemala) and is now naturalized throughout the tropics.
The Liberation Army of the South (Ejército Libertador del Sur, occasionally abbreviated to ELS) was an armed group formed and led by Emiliano Zapata that took part in the Mexican Revolution.
Ana Lila Downs Sánchez (born September 9, 1968) is a Mexican-American singer-songwriter and actress.
Lippia alba is a species of flowering plant in the verbena family, Verbenaceae, that is native to southern Texas in the United States, Mexico, the Caribbean, Central America, and South America.
See also metropolitan areas of Mexico. This article contains lists of most populous cities as well as municipalities of Mexico.
The United Mexican States, commonly known as Mexico, is a federation comprising thirty-two States.
The following table lists Mexico's 31 federated states and Mexico City (officially not a state), ranked by surface area.
The following table presents a listing of Mexico's 31 federal states (and its Federal District, officially not a state), ranked in order of their Human Development Index, as reported by the United Nations in 2015 with data from 2008-2015.
The following table is a list of the 31 federal states and the Federal District of Mexico, ranked in order of their total population based on data from a 2015 Intercensal Survey, as well as the censuses of 2010 and 2000.
This is a list of Mexican States by population density.
The states of Mexico are first-level administrative territorial entities of the country of Mexico, which officially is named United Mexican States.
Los Angeles (Spanish for "The Angels";; officially: the City of Los Angeles; colloquially: by its initials L.A.) is the second-most populous city in the United States, after New York City.
Guadalupe Natalia Tovar (27 July 1910 – 12 November 2016) professionally known by screen name Lupita Tovar was a Mexican-American actress and centenarian best known for her starring role in the 1931 Spanish language version of Drácula, filmed in Los Angeles by Universal Pictures at night using the same sets as the Bela Lugosi version, but with a different cast and director.
Macaws are long-tailed, often colorful New World parrots.
Macedonio Alcalá Prieto (September 12, 1831 in Oaxaca, Oaxaca – August 24, 1869 in Oaxaca, Oaxaca) was a Mexican violinist, pianist and songwriter remembered today especially for his waltz, "Dios nunca muere" (God Never Dies).
Maguey worms (gu'sanos de magei chinicuil), are one of two species of edible caterpillars that infest maguey (''Agave americana'') and Agave tequilana plants.
Major League Baseball (MLB) is a professional baseball organization, the oldest of the four major professional sports leagues in the United States and Canada.
Mangoes are juicy stone fruit (drupe) from numerous species of tropical trees belonging to the flowering plant genus Mangifera, cultivated mostly for their edible fruit.
A mangrove is a shrub or small tree that grows in coastal saline or brackish water.
Manuel Jiménez Ramírez (December 9, 1919 – March 4, 2005) was a Mexican carver, sculptor and painter credited as the originator of the Oaxacan version of “alebrijes,” animal creatures carved in wood and painted in strong contrasting colors with intricate designs.
María de las Nieves García Fernández (born 5 April 1955) is a Mexican politician affiliated with the PRI.
María Sabina (July 22, 1894 – November 22, 1985) was a Mazatec curandera who lived in the Sierra Mazateca of southern Mexico.
Mario Rafael Méndez Martínez (born 31 May 1957) is a Mexican politician affiliated with the PRD.
The Marquisate of the Valley of Oaxaca (Marquesado del Valle de Oaxaca) is a hereditary marquisal title in the Spanish nobility and a former seignorial estate in New Spain.
Martín de Jesús Vásquez Villanueva (born 7 September 1965) is a Mexican politician affiliated with the PRI.
Matías Romero is a town and municipality in Oaxaca in south-western Mexico.
The Maya peoples are a large group of Indigenous peoples of Mesoamerica.
The Mazatec are an indigenous people of Mexico who inhabit the Sierra Mazateca in the state of Oaxaca and some communities in the adjacent states of Puebla and Veracruz.
The Mazatecan languages are a group of closely related indigenous languages spoken by some 200,000 people in the area known as La Sierra Mazateca, which is located in the northern part of the state of Oaxaca in southern Mexico, as well as in adjacent areas of the states of Puebla and Veracruz.
Mazunte is a small beach town on the Pacific coast in Oaxaca, Mexico.
A Mesoamerican ballcourt is a large masonry structure of a type used in Mesoamerica for over 2,700 years to play the Mesoamerican ballgame, particularly the hip-ball version of the ballgame.
Mesoamerican religion is grouping of the indigenous religions of Mesoamerica that were prevelant in pre-Columbian era like Aztec religion, Maya religion among others.
Mesquite is a common name for several plants in the genus Prosopis, which contains over 40 species of small leguminous trees.
Mestizo is a term traditionally used in Spain, Latin America, and the Philippines that originally referred a person of combined European and Native American descent, regardless of where the person was born.
Metres above mean sea level (MAMSL) or simply metres above sea level (MASL or m a.s.l.) is a standard metric measurement in metres of the elevation or altitude of a location in reference to a historic mean sea level.
Federal Highway 125 (Carretera Federal No. 125) is a Federal Highway of Mexico that runs from Veracruz south across the Sierra Madre Oriental to just north of the Pacific Ocean in Oaxaca.
Federal Highway 135 (Carretera Federal 135) is a Federal Highway of Mexico.
Federal Highway 147 (Carretera Federal 147) is a Federal Highway of Mexico.
Highway 175 (Carretera Federal 175) is a Federal Highway of Mexico.
Federal Highway 182 (Carretera Federal 182) is a Federal Highway of Mexico.
Federal Highway 185 (Carretera Federal 185) is a Federal Highway of Mexico.
Federal Highway 200 (Carretera Federal 200), also known as Carretera Pacífico, is a Federal Highway of Mexico.
Mexican handcrafts and folk art is a complex collection of items made with various materials and intended for utilitarian, decorative or other purposes.
The Mexican Baseball League (or LMB) is a professional baseball league based in Mexico.
The Mexican peso (sign: $; code: MXN) is the currency of Mexico.
The Mexican Revolution (Revolución Mexicana) was a major armed struggle,, that radically transformed Mexican culture and government.
The Mexican Social Security Institute (Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social, IMSS) is a governmental organization that assists public health, pensions and social security in Mexico operating under Secretaría de Salud (Secretariat of Health).
The Mexican War of Independence (Guerra de Independencia de México) was an armed conflict, and the culmination of a political and social process which ended the rule of Spain in 1821 in the territory of New Spain.
Mexico (México; Mēxihco), officially called the United Mexican States (Estados Unidos Mexicanos) is a federal republic in the southern portion of North America.
Mexico City, or the City of Mexico (Ciudad de México,; abbreviated as CDMX), is the capital of Mexico and the most populous city in North America.
Mezcal (or mescal) is a distilled alcoholic beverage made from any type of agave.
Miahuatlán de Porfirio Díaz is a town and municipality in Oaxaca in south-eastern Mexico.
Miahuatlán District is located in the south of the Sierra Sur Region of the State of Oaxaca, Mexico.
Micropterus is a genus of freshwater fish in the sunfish family (family Centrarchidae) of order Perciformes.
Miguel Mateo Maldonado y Cabrera (1695–1768) was a painter from the Viceroyalty of New Spain, in today's Mexico.
Don Miguel Gregorio Antonio Ignacio Hidalgo-Costilla y Gallaga Mandarte Villaseñor (8 May 1753 – 30 July 1811), more commonly known as Don Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla or simply Miguel Hidalgo, was a Mexican Roman Catholic priest and a leader of the Mexican War of Independence.
The military macaw (Ara militaris) is a large parrot and a medium-sized macaw.
Mitla is the second most important archeological site in the state of Oaxaca in Mexico, and the most important of the Zapotec culture.
The Mixe (Spanish mixe or rarely mije) are an indigenous people of Mexico inhabiting the eastern highlands of the state of Oaxaca.
The Mixe–Zoque languages are a language family whose living members are spoken in and around the Isthmus of Tehuantepec, Mexico.
The Mixtecs, or Mixtecos, are indigenous Mesoamerican peoples of Mexico inhabiting the region known as La Mixteca of Oaxaca and Puebla as well as the state of Guerrero's Región Montañas, and Región Costa Chica, which covers parts of the Mexican states of Oaxaca, Guerrero and Puebla. The Mixtec region and the Mixtec peoples are traditionally divided into three groups, two based on their original economic caste and one based on the region they settled. High Mixtecs or mixteco alto were of the upper class and generally richer; the Low Mixtecs or "mixteco bajo" were generally poorer. In recent times, an economic reversal or equalizing has been seen. The third group is Coastal Mixtecs "mixteco de la costa" whose language is closely related to that of the Low Mixtecs; they currently inhabit the Pacific slope of Oaxaca and Guerrero. The Mixtec languages form a major branch of the Otomanguean language family. In pre-Columbian times, a number of Mixtecan city states competed with each other and with the Zapotec kingdoms. The major Mixtec polity was Tututepec which rose to prominence in the 11th century under the leadership of Eight Deer Jaguar Claw, the only Mixtec king who ever united the Highland and Lowland polities into a single state. Like the rest of the indigenous peoples of Mexico, the Mixtec were conquered by the Spanish invaders and their indigenous allies in the 16th century. Pre-Columbia Mixtecs numbered around 1.5 million. Today there are approximately 800,000 Mixtec people in Mexico, and there are also large populations in the United States.
The Mixteca Region is a region in the state of Oaxaca, Mexico, part of the broader La Mixteca area which covers parts of the states of Puebla, Guerrero and Oaxaca.
The Mixtecan languages constitute a branch of the Otomanguean language family of Mexico.
The Mixteco River is a river of Mexico.
Moctezuma I (c. 1398-1469), also known as Motecuhzomatzin Ilhuicamina, Huehuemotecuhzoma or Montezuma I (Motēuczōma Ilhuicamīna, Huēhuemotēuczōma), was the second Aztec emperor and fifth king of Tenochtitlan.
Moctezuma II (c. 1466 – 29 June 1520), variant spellings include Montezuma, Moteuczoma, Motecuhzoma, Motēuczōmah, and referred to in full by early Nahuatl texts as Motecuhzoma Xocoyotzin (Moctezuma the Young),moteːkʷˈsoːma ʃoːkoˈjoːtsin was the ninth tlatoani or ruler of Tenochtitlan, reigning from 1502 to 1520.
The mojarras are a family, Gerreidae, of fish in the order Perciformes.
Mole (from Nahuatl mōlli, "sauce") is a traditional sauce originally used in Mexican cuisine, as well as for dishes based on these sauces.
The monarchy of Spain (Monarquía de España), constitutionally referred to as the Crown (La Corona), is a constitutional institution and historic office of Spain.
Monte Albán is a large pre-Columbian archaeological site in the Santa Cruz Xoxocotlán Municipality in the southern Mexican state of Oaxaca (17.043° N, 96.767°W).
A mule is the offspring of a male donkey (jack) and a female horse (mare).
Municipalities (municipios in Spanish) are the second-level administrative divisions of Mexico, where the first-level administrative division is the state (Spanish: estado).
The Mexican state of Oaxaca is made up of 570 municipalities (municipios)—more than any other state.
Museo Rufino Tamayo is a public contemporary art museum located in Mexico City’s Chapultepec Park, that produces innovative international contemporary art exhibitions, using its collection of modern and contemporary art, as well as artworks from the collection of its founder, the artist Rufino Tamayo.
The Nahuas are a group of indigenous people of Mexico and El Salvador.
Nahuatl (The Classical Nahuatl word nāhuatl (noun stem nāhua, + absolutive -tl) is thought to mean "a good, clear sound" This language name has several spellings, among them náhuatl (the standard spelling in the Spanish language),() Naoatl, Nauatl, Nahuatl, Nawatl. In a back formation from the name of the language, the ethnic group of Nahuatl speakers are called Nahua.), known historically as Aztec, is a language or group of languages of the Uto-Aztecan language family.
The National Action Party (Partido Acción Nacional, PAN), founded in 1939, is one of the three main political parties in Mexico.
The National Autonomous University of Mexico (Spanish: Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, - literal translation: Autonomous National University of Mexico, UNAM) is a public research university in Mexico.
The National Commission for the Development of Indigenous Peoples (Comisión Nacional para el Desarrollo de los Pueblos Indígenas, CDI) is a decentralized agency of the Mexican Federal Public Administration.
The National Institute of Statistics and Geography (INEGI by its name in Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Geografía) is an autonomous agency of the Mexican Government dedicated to coordinate the National System of Statistical and Geographical Information of the country.
The National Presbyterian Church in Mexico (La Iglesia Nacional Presbiteriana de México A.R.) is the second-largest Protestant church, and the largest Reformed denomination in Mexico.
Nochixtlán District is located in the southeast of the Mixteca Region of the State of Oaxaca, Mexico.
The northern red snapper (Lutjanus campechanus) is a species of snapper native to the western Atlantic Ocean including the Gulf of Mexico, where it inhabits environments associated with reefs.
Nuevo León, or New Leon, officially the Free and Sovereign State of Nuevo León (Estado Libre y Soberano de Nuevo León), is one of the 31 states which, with Mexico City, compose the 32 Federal Entities of Mexico.
The Cathedral of Our Lady of the Assumption (Catedral Metropolitana de Nuestra Señora de la Asunción), located in the city of Oaxaca de Juarez, Oaxaca, Mexico, is the seat of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Antequera, Oaxaca.
Oaxaca cheese, queso Oaxaca or quesillo is a white, semihard cheese from Mexico, similar to unaged Monterey jack, but with a mozzarella-like string cheese texture.
The city and municipality of Oaxaca de Juárez, or simply Oaxaca, is the capital and largest city of the Mexican state of the same name.
Xoxocotlán International Airport (ʃoʃokotlan, in Mexican Spanish) is an international airport located at Oaxaca, Oaxaca, Mexico.
The Central Valleys (Valles Centrales) of Oaxaca, also simply known as the Oaxaca Valley, is a geographic region located within the modern-day state of Oaxaca in southern Mexico.
Oaxacan cuisine is a regional cuisine of Mexico, centered on the city of Oaxaca, the capital of the state of the same name located in southern Mexico.
Ocotlán de Morelos is a town and municipality in the state of Oaxaca, about 35 km south of the center of the city of Oaxaca along Highway 175.
Ocotlán District is located in the south of the Valles Centrales Region of the State of Oaxaca, Mexico.
The Olmecs were the earliest known major civilization in Mexico following a progressive development in Soconusco.
The Royal, Celestial and Military Order of Our Lady of Mercy and the Redemption of the Captives (Ordo Beatae Mariae de Mercede Redemptionis Captivorum, abbreviated O. de M.), also known as the Mercedarians, is a Catholic mendicant order established in 1218 by St. Peter Nolasco in the city of Barcelona, at that time in the Principality of Catalonia (Crown of Aragon), for the redemption of Christian captives.
Oto-Manguean languages (also Otomanguean) are a large family comprising several subfamilies of indigenous languages of the Americas.
An ox (plural oxen), also known as a bullock in Australia and India, is a bovine trained as a draft animal or riding animal.
A paca is a member of the genus Cuniculus of ground-dwelling, herbivorous rodents in South and Central America.
The Pan-American Highway is a network of roads measuring about in total length.
The Cuenca del Papaloapan Region is in the north of the state of Oaxaca, Mexico where the foothills of the Sierra Madre de Oaxaca meet the coastal plain of Veracruz.
The Papaloapan River is one of the main rivers of the Mexican state of Veracruz.
A peccary (also javelina or skunk pig) is a medium-sized hoofed mammal of the family Tayassuidae (New World pigs) in the suborder Suina along with the Old World pigs, Suidae.
Pedro de Alvarado y Contreras (Badajoz, Extremadura, Spain, ca. 1485 – Guadalajara, New Spain, 4 July 1541) was a Spanish conquistador and governor of Guatemala.
Pelicans are a genus of large water birds that make up the family Pelecanidae.
Petróleos Mexicanos, which translates to Mexican Petroleum, but is trademarked and better known as Pemex, is the Mexican state-owned petroleum company, created in 1938 by nationalization or expropriation of all private, foreign, and domestic oil companies at that time.
Peru (Perú; Piruw Republika; Piruw Suyu), officially the Republic of Peru, is a country in western South America.
Philip II (Felipe II; 21 May 1527 – 13 September 1598), called "the Prudent" (el Prudente), was King of Spain (1556–98), King of Portugal (1581–98, as Philip I, Filipe I), King of Naples and Sicily (both from 1554), and jure uxoris King of England and Ireland (during his marriage to Queen Mary I from 1554–58).
The Pinophyta, also known as Coniferophyta or Coniferae, or commonly as conifers, are a division of vascular land plants containing a single extant class, Pinopsida.
Pinotepa Nacional (formally: Santiago Pinotepa Nacional; in Mixtec, Ñuu Ñoko, which means Twenty-House Town) is a city and seat of the municipality of the same name, in the Mexican state of Oaxaca.
Piper auritum (Hoja santa) is an aromatic herb with a heart-shaped, velvety leaf which grows in tropic Mesoamerica.
The Plan of Ayutla was the 1854 written plan aimed at removing conservative, centralist President Antonio López de Santa Anna from control of Mexico during the Second Federal Republic of Mexico period.
In Mexican history, the Plan of Tuxtepec was a plan drafted by Porfirio Díaz in 1876 and proclaimed on 10 January 1876 in the Villa de Ojitlán municipality of San Lucas Ojitlán, Tuxtepec district, Oaxaca.
Playa de Escobilla Sanctuary is a waterfront sanctuary for sea turtles in the Mexican state of Oaxaca, with an area of about 30 hectares.
Playa Zipolite is a beach community located in San Pedro Pochutla municipality on the southern coast of Oaxaca state in Mexico between Huatulco and Puerto Escondido.
Pluma Hidalgo is a town and municipality in Oaxaca in south-western Mexico.
Pochutla District is located in the east of the Costa Region of the State of Oaxaca, Mexico.
A poncho (punchu in Quechua; Mapudungun pontro, blanket, woolen fabric) is an outer garment designed to keep the body warm.
Popoluca is a Nahuatl term (meaning "gibberish, unintelligible speech") for various indigenous peoples of southeastern Veracruz and Oaxaca.
Traditional fixed markets in Mexico are multiple-vendor markets permanently housed in a fixed location.
José de la Cruz Porfirio Díaz Mori (15 September 1830 – 2 July 1915) was a Mexican general and politician who served seven terms as President of Mexico, a total of three and a half decades, from 1876 to 1880 and from 1884 to 1911.
Postal codes in Mexico are issued by SEPOMEX (Servicio Postal Mexicano) (Mexican Postal Service).
The President of Mexico (Presidente de México), officially known as the President of the United Mexican States (Presidente de los Estados Unidos Mexicanos), is the head of state and government of Mexico.
A public dispensary, charitable dispensary or free dispensary gives advice and medicines free-of-charge, or for a small charge.
Puebla, officially the Free and Sovereign State of Puebla (Estado Libre y Soberano de Puebla) is one of the 31 states which, with the Federal District, comprise the 32 Federal Entities of Mexico.
Puebla (Spanish: Puebla de Zaragoza), formally Heroica Puebla de Zaragoza and also known as Puebla de los Ángeles, is the seat of Puebla Municipality, the capital and largest city of the state of Puebla, and one of the five most important Spanish colonial cities in Mexico.
Puerto Ángel is a small coastal town in the Mexican state of Oaxaca located in the municipality of San Pedro Pochutla.
Puerto Escondido (English: "Hidden Port") is a small port and tourist center in the municipality of San Pedro Mixtepec Distrito 22 in the Mexican state of Oaxaca.
Putla District is located in the west of the Sierra Sur Region of the State of Oaxaca, Mexico.
Putla Villa de Guerrero or simply Putla, is a town and municipality in the State of Oaxaca, Mexico.
Rainforests are forests characterized by high rainfall, with annual rainfall in the case of tropical rainforests between, and definitions varying by region for temperate rainforests.
The War of the Reform (Guerra de Reforma) in Mexico, during the Second Federal Republic of Mexico, was the three-year civil war (1857 - 1860) between liberals who had taken power in 1855 under the Plan of Ayutla, and conservatives resisting the legitimacy of the government and its radical restructuring of Mexican laws, known as La Reforma.
Reptiles are tetrapod animals in the class Reptilia, comprising today's turtles, crocodilians, snakes, amphisbaenians, lizards, tuatara, and their extinct relatives.
Cipriano Ricardo Flores Magón, (known as Ricardo Flores Magón; September 16, 1874 – November 21, 1922) was a noted Mexican anarchist and social reform activist.
Ricardo Osorio Mendoza (born 30 March 1980) is a Mexican former footballer who played as a defender.
Roberto López Rosado (born 16 February 1961) is a Mexican politician affiliated with the PRD.
Rodolfo Morales (May 8, 1925 – January 30, 2001) was a Mexican painter, who incorporated elements of magic realism into his work.
Rodolfo Nieto Labastida (July 13, 1936 in Oaxaca – June 24, 1985 in Mexico City) was a Mexican painter of the Oaxacan School (apprenticed under Diego Rivera, later served him as an assistant).
Rosa Elia Romero Guzmán (born 14 May 1973) is a Mexican politician affiliated with the Labor Party, formerly from the PRD.
Rosendo Serrano Toledo (born 20 May 1959) is a Mexican politician affiliated with the PRD.
Rufino del Carmen Arellanes Tamayo (August 25, 1899 – June 24, 1991) was a Mexican painter of Zapotec heritage, born in Oaxaca de Juárez, Mexico.
Salamanders are a group of amphibians typically characterized by a lizard-like appearance, with slender bodies, blunt snouts, short limbs projecting at right angles to the body, and the presence of a tail in both larvae and adults.
Salina Cruz is a major seaport on the Pacific coast of the Mexican state of Oaxaca.
Samuel Gurrión Matías (born 3 January 1968) is a Mexican politician and lawyer affiliated with the PRI.
San Agustinillo is a small fishing village and beach in the state of Oaxaca, Mexico.
San Bartolo Coyotepec is a town and municipality located in the center of the Mexican state of Oaxaca.
The San Diego Padres are an American professional baseball franchise based in San Diego, California.
San José Mogote is a pre-Columbian archaeological site of the Zapotec, a Mesoamerican culture that flourished in the region of what is now the Mexican state of Oaxaca.
San Juan Bautista Cuicatlán is a town and municipality in Oaxaca in south-western Mexico.
San Juan Bautista Tuxtepec (Tōchtepēc, "on the hill of rabbits"), or simply referred to as Tuxtepec, is the head of the municipality by the same name and is the second most populous city of the Mexican state of Oaxaca.
San Juan Cotzocon is a town and municipality in Oaxaca in south-western Mexico.
San Juan Teposcolula is a town and municipality in the State of Oaxaca, Mexico, often known simply as Teposcolula.
San Martín Zacatepec is a town and municipality in Oaxaca in south-western Mexico.
San Mateo Piñas is a town and municipality in Oaxaca in south-western Mexico.
San Miguel Achiutla is a town and municipality in Oaxaca in south-western Mexico.
San Miguel del Puerto is a town and municipality in Oaxaca in south-western Mexico.
San Pablo Guelatao is a town and the seat of the Municipality of Guelatao de Juárez, in the Mexican state of Oaxaca.
San Pablo de Mitla is a town and municipality in Mexico which is most famous for being the site of the Mitla archeological ruins.
San Pedro Mixtepec is a town and municipality in Oaxaca in south-western Mexico.
San Pedro Pochutla is a city and municipality located in the south of Oaxaca state, Mexico next to the Pacific Ocean.
San Pedro Taviche is a town and municipality in Oaxaca in south-western Mexico.
Santa Cruz Xoxocotlán is a small city and municipality located 5 km from the state capital of Oaxaca in the south of Mexico.
Santa Lucía del Camino is a city and its surrounding municipality located in the central part of the Mexican state of Oaxaca.
Santa María Atzompa is a town and municipality located in the Mexican state of Oaxaca, about five km from the state capital of Oaxaca.
Santa María del Tule is a town and a municipality in the Mexican state of Oaxaca.
Santa María Huatulco is a town and municipality in Oaxaca in south-western Mexico.
Santa María Tonameca is a town and municipality located on the southern coast of Oaxaca, Mexico, about 268 km from the capital city of Oaxaca.
Santiago Jamiltepec (Mixtec: Casandoo) is a town, and the seat of surrounding municipality of the same name, in the Mexican state of Oaxaca.
Santiago Juxtlahuaca is a town and municipality in Oaxaca in south-western Mexico.
Santiago Matatlán a.k.a. "World Capital Of Mezcal" is a town and municipality in Oaxaca in south-western Mexico.
Santo Domingo Yanhuitlán is a village and municipality in the state of Oaxaca, Mexico, located northeast of Oaxaca city.
Santo Tomás Tamazulapan is a village and municipality in the state of Oaxaca, Mexico, located about 105 km south of Oaxaca city.
A savanna or savannah is a mixed woodland grassland ecosystem characterised by the trees being sufficiently widely spaced so that the canopy does not close.
Scuba diving is a mode of underwater diving where the diver uses a self-contained underwater breathing apparatus (scuba) which is completely independent of surface supply, to breathe underwater.
The Second French Intervention in Mexico (Sp.: Segunda intervención francesa en México, 1861–67) was an invasion of Mexico, launched in late 1861, by the Second French Empire (1852–70).
The Selva Zoque (Zoque Forest), which includes the Chimalapas rain forest, is an area of great ecological importance in Mexico.
The Senate of the Republic, (Senado de la República) constitutionally Chamber of Senators of the Honorable Congress of the Union (Cámara de Senadores del H. Congreso de la Unión), is the upper house of Mexico's bicameral Congress.
Sesame (Sesamum indicum) is a flowering plant in the genus Sesamum, also called benne.
Shamanism is a practice that involves a practitioner reaching altered states of consciousness in order to perceive and interact with what they believe to be a spirit world and channel these transcendental energies into this world.
Domestic sheep (Ovis aries) are quadrupedal, ruminant mammal typically kept as livestock.
The Sierra Atravesada or Sierra de Niltepec is a mountain range in the state of Oaxaca, Mexico, in the region of the Isthmus of Tehuantepec.
The Sierra Madre de Chiapas (as known in Mexico, with regional names in other countries) is a major mountain range in Central America.
The Sierra Madre de Oaxaca is a mountain range in southern Mexico.
The Sierra Madre del Sur is a mountain range in southern Mexico, extending from southern Michoacán east through Guerrero, to the Isthmus of Tehuantepec in eastern Oaxaca.
The Sierra Madre Oriental (Spanish) is a mountain range in northeastern Mexico.
The Sierra Mixe or Mixes District is a district in the east of the Sierra Norte Region of the Mexican state of Oaxaca.
La Sierra Norte de Oaxaca is a heavily wooded region in the state of Oaxaca, Mexico.
Sierra Sur is a region in the state of Oaxaca, Mexico.
Silacayoapam District is located in the northwest of the Mixteca Region of the State of Oaxaca, Mexico.
Sinaloa, officially the Free and Sovereign State of Sinaloa (Estado Libre y Soberano de Sinaloa), is one of the 31 states which, with the Federal District, compose the 32 Federal Entities of Mexico.
Snorkeling (British and Commonwealth English spelling: snorkelling) is the practice of swimming on or through a body of water while equipped with a diving mask, a shaped breathing tube called a snorkel, and usually swimfins.
The Society of Jesus (SJ – from Societas Iesu) is a scholarly religious congregation of the Catholic Church which originated in sixteenth-century Spain.
Sola de Vega District is located in the Sierra Sur Region of the State of Oaxaca, Mexico.
Son cubano is a genre of music and dance that originated in the highlands of eastern Cuba during the late 19th century.
Sorghum is a genus of flowering plants in the grass family Poaceae.
A sovereign state is, in international law, a nonphysical juridical entity that is represented by one centralized government that has sovereignty over a geographic area.
The Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire, or the Spanish–Aztec War (1519–21), was the conquest of the Aztec Empire by the Spanish Empire within the context of the Spanish colonization of the Americas.
Spoonbills are a genus, Platalea, of large, long-legged wading birds.
The State of Mexico (Estado de México) is one of the 32 federal entities of Mexico.
Storks are large, long-legged, long-necked wading birds with long, stout bills.
Sugarcane, or sugar cane, are several species of tall perennial true grasses of the genus Saccharum, tribe Andropogoneae, native to the warm temperate to tropical regions of South and Southeast Asia, Polynesia and Melanesia, and used for sugar production.
The Tacuate are an indigenous people of Mexico who live in the state of Oaxaca.
A tamale (tamal, tamalli) is a traditional Mesoamerican dish made of masa or dough (starchy, and usually corn-based), which is steamed in a corn husk or banana leaf.
The Tampa Bay Rays are an American professional baseball team based in St. Petersburg, Florida.
Tapachula de Córdova y Ordóñez, simply known as Tapachula, is a city and municipality located in the far southwest of the state of Chiapas in Mexico, near the Guatemalan border and the Pacific Ocean.
Taxodium mucronatum, also known as Montezuma bald cypress, Montezuma cypress, sabino, or ahuehuete is a species of Taxodium that is native to Mexico, and Guatemala.
The Technological University of the Mixteca (Universidad Tecnológica de la Mixteca) (UTM), is a Mexican public university belonging to the SUNEO (Sistema de Universidades Estatales de Oaxaca).
The Tehuacán-Cuicatlán biosphere reserve is a protected natural area located in southeastern Mexico.
Tehuantepec (in full, Santo Domingo Tehuantepec) is a city and municipality in the southeast of the Mexican state of Oaxaca.
Tehuantepec District is located in the west of the Istmo Region of the State of Oaxaca, Mexico.
The Tehuantepec River is a river of Mexico located in Oaxaca.
A telephone numbering plan is a type of numbering scheme used in telecommunication to assign telephone numbers to subscriber telephones or other telephony endpoints.
Temperate broadleaf and mixed forest is a temperate climate terrestrial biome, with broadleaf tree ecoregions, and with conifer and broadleaf tree mixed coniferous forest ecoregions.
Tenochtitlan (Tenochtitlan), originally known as México-Tenochtitlán (meːˈʃíʔ.ko te.noːt͡ʃ.ˈtí.t͡ɬan), was a large Mexica city-state in what is now the center of Mexico City.
Teotihuacan, (in Spanish: Teotihuacán), is an ancient Mesoamerican city located in a sub-valley of the Valley of Mexico, located in the State of Mexico northeast of modern-day Mexico City, known today as the site of many of the most architecturally significant Mesoamerican pyramids built in the pre-Columbian Americas.
Teotitlán District is located in the north of the Cañada Region of the State of Oaxaca, Mexico.
Teposcolula District is located in the center of the Mixteca Region of the State of Oaxaca, Mexico.
Tequila is a regional distilled beverage and type of alcoholic drink made from the blue agave plant, primarily in the area surrounding the city of Tequila, northwest of Guadalajara, and in the highlands (Los Altos) of the central western Mexican state of Jalisco.
Mexico has experienced many changes in territorial organization during its history as an independent state.
A tianguis is an open-air market or bazaar that is traditionally held on certain market days in a town or city neighborhood in Mexico and Central America.
Tierras Largas is a formative-period archaeological site located in the Etla arm in the Valley of Oaxaca in Mexico.
Titanium is a chemical element with symbol Ti and atomic number 22.
Tizocic or Tizocicatzin usually known in English as Tizoc, was the seventh tlatoani of Tenochtitlan.
Tlacolula de Matamoros is a city and municipality in the Mexican state of Oaxaca, about 30 km from the center of the city of Oaxaca on Federal Highway 190, which leads east to Mitla and the Isthmus of Tehuantepec.
Tlacolula District is located in the east of the Valles Centrales Region of the State of Oaxaca, Mexico.
Tlaxiaco is a city, and its surrounding municipality of the same name, in the Mexican state of Oaxaca.
Tlaxiaco District is located in the south of the Mixteca Region of the State of Oaxaca, Mexico.
Tobacco is a product prepared from the leaves of the tobacco plant by curing them.
The Trique or Triqui are an indigenous people of the western part of the Mexican state of Oaxaca, centered in the municipalities of Juxtlahuaca, Tlaxiaco and Putla.
The Triqui, or Trique, languages are Oto-Manguean languages of Mexico spoken by the Trique people of the state of Oaxaca and the state of Baja California (due to recent population movements).
Tula is a Mesoamerican archeological site, which was an important regional center which reached its height as the capital of the Toltec Empire between the fall of Teotihuacan and the rise of Tenochtitlan.
Turtles are diapsids of the order Testudines (or Chelonii) characterized by a special bony or cartilaginous shell developed from their ribs and acting as a shield.
Tuxtepec District is located in the north of the Papaloapan Region of the State of Oaxaca, Mexico.
Ulises Ruiz Ortiz (born April 9, 1958 in Chalcatongo, Oaxaca) is a Mexican politician and former governor of the State of Oaxaca.
In government, unicameralism (Latin uni, one + camera, chamber) is the practice of having one legislative or parliamentary chamber.
The United States Geological Survey (USGS, formerly simply Geological Survey) is a scientific agency of the United States government.
The Universidad de la Sierra Juárez (UNSIJ) is a university located in the town of Ixtlán de Juárez in the Mexican state of Oaxaca.
The Universidad del Mar (UMAR) is a public university in Oaxaca, Mexico founded in 1991.
The University of Connecticut (UConn) is a public land grant, National Sea Grant and National Space Grant research university in Storrs, Connecticut, United States.
Usos y costumbres ("customs and traditions"; literally, "uses and customs") is a legal term denoting indigenous customary law in Latin America.
The Valley of Mexico (Valle de México; Tepētzallāntli Mēxihco) is a highlands plateau in central Mexico roughly coterminous with present-day Mexico City and the eastern half of the State of Mexico.
Vanilla is a flavoring derived from orchids of the genus Vanilla, primarily from the Mexican species, flat-leaved vanilla (V. planifolia).
Víctor Rafael González Manríquez (born 23 May 1959) is a Mexican politician affiliated with the PAN.
Venustiano Carranza Garza (29 December 1859 – 21 May 1920) was one of the main leaders of the Mexican Revolution, whose victorious northern revolutionary Constitutionalist Army defeated the counter-revolutionary regime of Victoriano Huerta (February 1913-July 1914) and then defeated fellow revolutionaries after Huerta's ouster.
Veracruz, formally Veracruz de Ignacio de la Llave,In isolation, Veracruz, de and Llave are pronounced, respectively,, and.
Veracruz, officially known as Heroica Veracruz, is a major port city and municipality on the Gulf of Mexico in the Mexican state of Veracruz.
Vicente Ramón Guerrero Saldaña (August 10, 1782 – February 14, 1831) was one of the leading revolutionary generals of the Mexican War of Independence.
José Victoriano Huerta Márquez (22 December 1850 – 13 January 1916) was a Mexican military officer and 35th President of Mexico.
Villa Alta District is located in the center of the Sierra Norte Region of the State of Oaxaca, Mexico.
Villa de Zaachila is a town and municipality in Oaxaca, Mexico, six km from the city of Oaxaca.
Vinicio "Vinny" Castilla Soria (born July 4, 1967) is a Mexican-born former Major League Baseball third baseman who played his best years with the Colorado Rockies and Atlanta Braves.
Viral hemorrhagic fevers (VHFs) are a diverse group of animal and human illnesses in which fever and hemorrhage are caused by a viral infection.
The voiceless glottal fricative, sometimes called voiceless glottal transition, and sometimes called the aspirate, is a type of sound used in some spoken languages that patterns like a fricative or approximant consonant phonologically, but often lacks the usual phonetic characteristics of a consonant.
Voiceless fricatives produced in the postalveolar region include the voiceless palato-alveolar fricative, the voiceless postalveolar non-sibilant fricative, the voiceless retroflex fricative, and the voiceless alveolo-palatal fricative.
The voiceless velar fricative is a type of consonantal sound used in some spoken languages.
Whales are a widely distributed and diverse group of fully aquatic placental marine mammals.
The white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus), also known as the whitetail or Virginia deer, is a medium-sized deer native to the United States, Canada, Mexico, Central America, and South America as far south as Peru and Bolivia.
Mexico is rapidly growing its production of wind power.
The Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars (or Wilson Center), located in Washington, D.C., is a United States Presidential Memorial that was established as part of the Smithsonian Institution by an act of Congress in 1968.
A World Heritage site is a landmark or area which is selected by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) as having cultural, historical, scientific or other form of significance, and is legally protected by international treaties.
Yagul is an archaeological site and former city-state associated with the Zapotec civilization of pre-Columbian Mesoamerica, located in the Mexican state of Oaxaca.
Yagul Natural Monument (Monumento Natural Yagul, sometimes abbreviated MNY) is a federal protected natural area of Mexico, located in Tlacolula de Matamoros in the state of Oaxaca, Mexico.
Yautepec District is located in the east of the Sierra Sur Region of the State of Oaxaca, Mexico.
Yésica Sánchez Maya (born 13 November 1977 in Mexico City, Mexico) is a human rights attorney who works in Oaxaca, Mexico.
Yucatán, officially the Free and Sovereign State of Yucatán (Estado Libre y Soberano de Yucatán), is one of the 31 states which, with Mexico City, comprise the 32 Federal Entities of Mexico.
Zaachila (the Zapotec name; Nahuatl: Teotzapotlan; Mixtec: Ñuhu Tocuisi) was a powerful Mesoamerican city in what is now Oaxaca, Mexico, from the city of Oaxaca.
Zaachila District is located in the west of the Valles Centrales Region of the State of Oaxaca, Mexico.
The Zapotecs (Zoogocho Zapotec: Didxažoŋ) are an indigenous people of Mexico.
The Zapotecan languages are a group of related Oto-Manguean languages which descend from the common proto-Zapotecan language spoken by the Zapotec people during the era of the dominance of Monte Albán.
Zimatlán District is located in the west of the Valles Centrales Region of the State of Oaxaca, Mexico.
The Zoque are an indigenous people of Mexico.
1,000,000 (one million), or one thousand thousand, is the natural number following 999,999 and preceding 1,000,001.
The 1931 Oaxaca earthquake affected portions of southern Mexico on January 14 at 18:50 MST.
The 1985 Mexico City earthquake struck in the early morning of 19 September at 07:17:50 (CST) with a moment magnitude of 8.0 and a Mercalli intensity of IX (Violent).
The Mexican state of Oaxaca was embroiled in a conflict that lasted more than seven months and resulted in at least seventeen deaths and the occupation of the capital city of Oaxaca by the Popular Assembly of the Peoples of Oaxaca (APPO).