An affricate is a consonant that begins as a stop and releases as a fricative, generally with the same place of articulation (most often coronal).
In articulatory phonetics, a consonant is a speech sound that is articulated with complete or partial closure of the vocal tract.
Fricatives are consonants produced by forcing air through a narrow channel made by placing two articulators close together.
Ian Maddieson is a linguist who was at University of California, Berkeley, and is now an adjunct professor emeritus at the University of New Mexico.
In phonetics and phonology, a sonorant or resonant is a speech sound that is produced with continuous, non-turbulent airflow in the vocal tract; these are the manners of articulation that are most often voiced in the world's languages.
In phonetics, a stop, also known as a plosive or oral occlusive, is a consonant in which the vocal tract is blocked so that all airflow ceases.
In linguistics, voicelessness is the property of sounds being pronounced without the larynx vibrating.
A vowel is one of the two principal classes of speech sound, the other being a consonant.