222 relations: Air raids on Japan, Akasen, Allied plans for German industry after World War II, Allied-occupied Germany, Allies of World War II, Amami Islands, Aomori, Aomori, Article 9 of the Japanese Constitution, Asahi Shimbun, Atsugi, Kanagawa, Attack on Pearl Harbor, Australian Defence Force, Battle of Okinawa, Beate Sirota Gordon, Bonin Islands, British Armed Forces, British Commonwealth Occupation Force, British Indian Army, Brothel, Cabinet of Japan, Chichijima, Chinese Civil War, Civil and political rights, Code name, Cold War, Coming into force, Commonwealth of Nations, Communism, Communist state, Constitution of Japan, Constitutional Democratic Party (Japan), Constitutional liberalism, Courtney Whitney, Dating, Demilitarisation, Democracy, Democratic Party (Japan, 1947), Democratization, Division of Korea, DN Tower 21, Donald Keene, Douglas MacArthur, East Asia, East Germany, Economic reconstruction, Eighth United States Army, Eleanor Hadley, Embracing Defeat, Emperor of Japan, Far Eastern Commission, ..., Flag of Japan, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Freedom of speech, Fuchū Prison, GARIOA, Gender equality, Gross national product, Gymnasium (Germany), Harry S. Truman, Herbert P. Bix, Hideki Tojo, Hirohito, Hirohito and the Making of Modern Japan, Hiroshima, History of education in Japan, History of Taiwan since 1945, Hokkaido, Honshu, Horace Robertson, Human rights, Ichigaya, Imperial Rescript on Education, International Military Tribunal for the Far East, Ishikari, Hokkaido, Iwo Jima, Japan, Japan Self-Defense Forces, Japanese Americans, Japanese archipelago, Japanese Communist Party, Japanese economic miracle, Japanese Instrument of Surrender, Japanese language, Japanese script reform, Japanese war crimes, Jōyō kanji, Jewel Voice Broadcast, John W. Dower, Junichiro Koizumi, Kanagawa Prefecture, Karafuto Prefecture, Keiretsu, Kijūrō Shidehara, Korea, Korea under Japanese rule, Korean War, Kure, Hiroshima, Kuril Islands, Kwantung Leased Territory, Kyuichi Tokuda, Kyushu, Labor Standards Act (Japan), Land reform, Landlord, Liberal Party (Japan, 1945), Liberalism, Licensed Agencies for Relief in Asia, List of agriculture ministries, List of countries by military expenditures, Manchukuo, Manchuria, Manila, Masanobu Tsuji, Meiji Constitution, Micronesia, Military budget of Japan, Military Intelligence Service (United States), Military occupation, Military occupations by the Soviet Union, Modern girl, Nagasaki, National Diet Library, National Police Reserve, Natural and legal rights, New Deal, New Zealand Defence Force, Nobusuke Kishi, North Korea, Nuclear weapon, Okinawa Prefecture, Parliamentary system, Peace Preservation Law, Peacekeeping, Penghu, Personal property, Political prisoner, Post-occupation Japan, Potsdam Declaration, Prefectures of Japan, Prime Minister of Japan, Prince Fushimi Hiroyasu, Prince Naruhiko Higashikuni, Prince Tsuneyoshi Takeda, Prince Yasuhiko Asaka, Promiscuity, Prostitution, Prussia, Recreation and Amusement Association, Removal of Restrictions on Political, Civil, and Religious Liberties, Republic of China (1912–1949), Rikken Seiyūkai, Routledge, Ryōichi Sasakawa, Ryukyu Islands, Sapporo, Security Treaty Between the United States and Japan, Shōchū, Shōwa period, Shibuya incident, Shigeru Yoshida, Shikata ga nai, Shikoku, Shimpotō, Shinto, Shinto Directive, Shinzō Abe, Shipping Control Authority for the Japanese Merchant Marine, Shirō Ishii, Social Democratic Party (Japan), South Korea, South Pacific Mandate, Soviet Civil Administration, Soviet Union, Spratly Islands, State religion, Suffrage, Sugamo, Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers, Surrender of Japan, Taiwan under Japanese rule, Takahito, Prince Mikasa, Tatsuji Miyoshi, The New York Times, Tokubetsu Kōtō Keisatsu, Tokyo, Tokyo Bay, Trade Union Act of 1949, Treaty of Mutual Cooperation and Security Between the United States and Japan, Treaty of San Francisco, Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, Unit 731, United States, United States Army Military Government in Korea, United States Bill of Rights, United States Civil Administration of the Ryukyu Islands, United States Forces Japan, United States Institute of Peace, Universal Newsreel, US Initial Post-Surrender Policy for Japan, USS Missouri (BB-63), Valery Burati, Victory over Japan Day, Volcano Islands, War crime, William Halsey Jr., Wolf Ladejinsky, World War II, Yalta Conference, Yasuhito, Prince Chichibu, Yokohama, Yokosuka, Kanagawa, Yoshida Doctrine, Yoshio Kodama, Yoshio Shiga (communist), Zaibatsu, 11th Airborne Division (United States), 1945 in Japan, 1971 Okinawa Reversion Agreement, 1st Cavalry Division (United States), 24th Infantry Division (United States), 38th parallel north, 4th Marine Division (United States). Expand index (172 more) » « Shrink index
Allied forces conducted many air raids on Japan during World War II, causing extensive destruction to the country's cities and killing between 241,000 and 900,000 people.
is Japanese slang and a collective term which was used to identify districts in Japan where prostitution and the sex industry flourished until 1958, specifically during the period of January 1946 through March 1958.
The industrial plans for Germany were designs the Allies considered imposing on Germany in the aftermath of World War II to reduce and manage Germany's industrial capacity.
Upon the defeat of Nazi Germany in World War II, the victorious Allies asserted their joint authority and sovereignty over 'Germany as a whole', defined as all territories of the former German Reich which lay west of the Oder–Neisse line, having declared the extinction of Nazi Germany at the death of Adolf Hitler (see 1945 Berlin Declaration).
The Allies of World War II, called the United Nations from the 1 January 1942 declaration, were the countries that together opposed the Axis powers during the Second World War (1939–1945).
The The name Amami-guntō was standardized on February 15, 2010.
is the capital city of Aomori Prefecture, in the northern Tōhoku region of northern Japan.
is a clause in the national Constitution of Japan outlawing war as a means to settle international disputes involving the state.
The is one of the five national newspapers in Japan.
is a city located in Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan.
The attack on Pearl Harbor was a surprise military strike by the Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service against the United States naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii Territory, on the morning of December 7, 1941.
The Australian Defence Force (ADF) is the military organisation responsible for the defence of Australia.
The (Uchinaa ikusa), codenamed Operation Iceberg, was a major battle of the Pacific War fought on the island of Okinawa by United States Marine and Army forces against the Imperial Japanese Army.
Beate Sirota Gordon (October 25, 1923 – December 30, 2012) was an Austrian-born American performing arts presenter and women's rights advocate.
The Bonin Islands, also known as the, are an archipelago of over 30 subtropical and tropical islands, some directly south of Tokyo, Japan.
The British Armed Forces, also known as Her/His Majesty's Armed Forces, are the military services responsible for the defence of the United Kingdom, its overseas territories and the Crown dependencies.
The British Commonwealth Occupation Force (BCOF) was the joint Australian, British, Indian and New Zealand military forces in occupied Japan, from 21 February 1946 until the end of occupation in 1952.
The Indian Army (IA), often known since 1947 (but rarely during its existence) as the British Indian Army to distinguish it from the current Indian Army, was the principal military of the British Indian Empire before its decommissioning in 1947.
A brothel or bordello is a place where people engage in sexual activity with prostitutes, who are sometimes referred to as sex workers.
The is the executive branch of the government of Japan.
, formerly known as Peel Island and in the 19th century known to the English as part of the Bonin Islands, is the largest island in the Ogasawara archipelago.
The Chinese Civil War was a war fought between the Kuomintang (KMT)-led government of the Republic of China and the Communist Party of China (CPC).
Civil and political rights are a class of rights that protect individuals' freedom from infringement by governments, social organizations, and private individuals.
A code name or cryptonym is a word or name used, sometimes clandestinely, to refer to another name, word, project or person.
The Cold War was a state of geopolitical tension after World War II between powers in the Eastern Bloc (the Soviet Union and its satellite states) and powers in the Western Bloc (the United States, its NATO allies and others).
Coming into force or entry into force (also called commencement) refers to the process by which legislation, regulations, treaties and other legal instruments come to have legal force and effect.
The Commonwealth of Nations, often known as simply the Commonwealth, is an intergovernmental organisation of 53 member states that are mostly former territories of the British Empire.
In political and social sciences, communism (from Latin communis, "common, universal") is the philosophical, social, political, and economic ideology and movement whose ultimate goal is the establishment of the communist society, which is a socioeconomic order structured upon the common ownership of the means of production and the absence of social classes, money and the state.
A Communist state (sometimes referred to as workers' state) is a state that is administered and governed by a single party, guided by Marxist–Leninist philosophy, with the aim of achieving communism.
The is the fundamental law of Japan.
was one of the main political parties in pre-war Empire of Japan.
Constitutional liberalism describes a form of government that upholds the principles of classical liberalism and the rule of law.
Major General Courtney Whitney (May 20, 1897 - March 21, 1969) was an American lawyer and Army commander during World War II who later served as a senior official during the occupation of Japan.
Dating is a stage of romantic relationships in humans whereby two people meet socially with the aim of each assessing the other's suitability as a prospective partner in an intimate relationship or marriage.
Demilitarisation or demilitarization may mean the reduction of state armed forces.
Democracy (δημοκρατία dēmokraa thetía, literally "rule by people"), in modern usage, has three senses all for a system of government where the citizens exercise power by voting.
Democratic Party (民主党, Minshutō) was a centrist political party in Japan.
Democratization (or democratisation) is the transition to a more democratic political regime.
The division of Korea between North and South Korea occurred after World War II, ending the Empire of Japan's 35-year rule over Korea in 1945.
DN Tower 21 is an office building in Tokyo, Japan.
Donald Lawrence Keene (born June 18, 1922) is an American-born Japanese scholar, historian, teacher, writer and translator of Japanese literature.
Douglas MacArthur (26 January 18805 April 1964) was an American five-star general and Field Marshal of the Philippine Army.
East Asia is the eastern subregion of the Asian continent, which can be defined in either geographical or ethno-cultural "The East Asian cultural sphere evolves when Japan, Korea, and what is today Vietnam all share adapted elements of Chinese civilization of this period (that of the Tang dynasty), in particular Buddhism, Confucian social and political values, and literary Chinese and its writing system." terms.
East Germany, officially the German Democratic Republic (GDR; Deutsche Demokratische Republik, DDR), existed from 1949 to 1990 and covers the period when the eastern portion of Germany existed as a state that was part of the Eastern Bloc during the Cold War period.
Economic reconstruction refers to a process for creating a proactive vision of economic change.
The Eighth United States Army (EUSA) is a U.S. field army.
Eleanor Martha Hadley (July 17, 1916 – June 1, 2007) was an American academic, economist, and professor at Smith College and George Washington University.
Embracing Defeat: Japan in the Wake of World War II is a history book written by John W. Dower and published by W. W. Norton & Company in 1999.
The Emperor of Japan is the head of the Imperial Family and the head of state of Japan.
It was agreed at the Moscow Conference of Foreign Ministers, and made public in communique issued at the end of the conference on December 27, 1945 that the Far Eastern Advisory Commission (FEAC) would become the Far Eastern Commission (FEC), it would be based in Washington, and would oversee the Allied Council for Japan.
The national flag of Japan is a rectangular white banner bearing a crimson-red disc at its center.
Franklin Delano Roosevelt Sr. (January 30, 1882 – April 12, 1945), often referred to by his initials FDR, was an American statesman and political leader who served as the 32nd President of the United States from 1933 until his death in 1945.
Freedom of speech is a principle that supports the freedom of an individual or a community to articulate their opinions and ideas without fear of retaliation, censorship, or sanction.
is a prison in Japan.
Government Aid and Relief in Occupied Areas (GARIOA) was a program under which the US after the 1945 end of World War II from 1946 onwards provided emergency aid to the occupied nations, Japan, Germany, Austria.
Gender equality, also known as sexual equality, is the state of equal ease of access to resources and opportunities regardless of gender, including economic participation and decision-making; and the state of valuing different behaviors, aspirations and needs equally, regardless of gender.
Gross national product (GNP) is the market value of all the goods and services produced in one year by labor and property supplied by the citizens of a country.
Gymnasium (German plural: Gymnasien), in the German education system, is the most advanced of the three types of German secondary schools, the others being Realschule and Hauptschule. Gymnasium strongly emphasizes academic learning, comparable to the British grammar school system or with prep schools in the United States.
Harry S. Truman (May 8, 1884 – December 26, 1972) was an American statesman who served as the 33rd President of the United States (1945–1953), taking office upon the death of Franklin D. Roosevelt.
Herbert P. Bix (born 1938) is an American historian.
Hideki Tojo (Kyūjitai: 東條 英機; Shinjitai: 東条 英機;; December 30, 1884 – December 23, 1948) was a general of the Imperial Japanese Army (IJA), the leader of the Imperial Rule Assistance Association, and the 27th Prime Minister of Japan during much of World War II, from October 17, 1941, to July 22, 1944.
was the 124th Emperor of Japan according to the traditional order of succession, reigning from 25 December 1926, until his death on 7 January 1989.
Hirohito and the Making of Modern Japan (2000) is a book by Herbert P. Bix covering the reign of Emperor Hirohito of Japan from 1926 until his death in 1989.
is the capital of Hiroshima Prefecture and the largest city in the Chūgoku region of western Honshu - the largest island of Japan.
The history of education in Japan dates back at least to the sixth century, when Chinese learning was introduced at the Yamato court.
As a result of the Surrender of Japan at the end of World War II, the island of Taiwan was placed under the governance of the Republic of China ruled by the Kuomintang (KMT) since 25 October 1945.
(), formerly known as Ezo, Yezo, Yeso, or Yesso, is the second largest island of Japan, and the largest and northernmost prefecture.
Honshu is the largest and most populous island of Japan, located south of Hokkaido across the Tsugaru Strait, north of Shikoku across the Inland Sea, and northeast of Kyushu across the Kanmon Straits.
Lieutenant General Sir Horace Clement Hugh Robertson, (29 October 1894 – 28 April 1960) was a senior officer in the Australian Army who served in the First World War, the Second World War and the Korean War.
Human rights are moral principles or normsJames Nickel, with assistance from Thomas Pogge, M.B.E. Smith, and Leif Wenar, December 13, 2013, Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy,, Retrieved August 14, 2014 that describe certain standards of human behaviour and are regularly protected as natural and legal rights in municipal and international law.
is an area in the eastern portion of Shinjuku, Tokyo, Japan.
The was signed by Emperor Meiji of Japan on 30 October 1890 to articulate government policy on the guiding principles of education on the Empire of Japan.
The International Military Tribunal for the Far East (IMTFE), also known as the Tokyo Trial or the Tokyo War Crimes Tribunal, was a military trial convened on April 29, 1946, to try the leaders of the Empire of Japan for joint conspiracy to start and wage war (categorized as "Class A" crimes), conventional war crimes ("Class B") and crimes against humanity ("Class C").
is a city located in Ishikari Subprefecture, Hokkaido, Japan.
, known in English as Iwo Jima, is one of the Japanese Volcano Islands and lies south of the Ogasawara Islands.
Japan (日本; Nippon or Nihon; formally 日本国 or Nihon-koku, lit. "State of Japan") is a sovereign island country in East Asia.
The (JSDF), occasionally referred to as the Japan Defense Forces (JDF), Self-Defense Forces (SDF), or Japanese Armed Forces, are the unified military forces of Japan that were established in 1954, and are controlled by the Ministry of Defense.
are Americans who are fully or partially of Japanese descent, especially those who identify with that ancestry, along with their cultural characteristics.
The is the group of islands that forms the country of Japan, and extends roughly from northeast to southwest along the northeastern coast of the Eurasia mainland, washing upon the northwestern shores of the Pacific Ocean.
The Japanese Communist Party (JCP, 日本共産党, Nihon Kyōsan-tō) is a political party in Japan and is one of the largest non-governing communist parties in the world.
The Japanese economic miracle was Japan's record period of economic growth between the post-World War II era to the end of Cold War.
The Japanese Instrument of Surrender was the written agreement that formalized the surrender of the Empire of Japan, marking the end of World War II.
is an East Asian language spoken by about 128 million people, primarily in Japan, where it is the national language.
The Japanese script reform is the attempt to correlate standard spoken Japanese with the written word, which began during the Meiji period.
War crimes of the Empire of Japan occurred in many Asia-Pacific countries during the period of Japanese imperialism, primarily during the Second Sino-Japanese War and World War II.
The is the guide to kanji characters and their readings, announced officially by the Japanese Ministry of Education.
The was the radio broadcast in which Japanese Emperor Hirohito (Emperor Shōwa 昭和天皇 Shōwa-tennō) read out the, announcing to the Japanese people that the Japanese Government had accepted the Potsdam Declaration demanding the unconditional surrender of the Japanese military at the end of World War II.
John W. Dower (born June 21, 1938 in Providence, Rhode Island) is an American author and historian.
is a Japanese politician who was the 56th Prime Minister of Japan from 2001 to 2006.
is a prefecture located in Kantō region of Japan.
, commonly called South Sakhalin, was the Japanese administrative division corresponding to Japanese territory on southern Sakhalin island from 1905 to 1945.
A is a set of companies with interlocking business relationships and shareholdings.
Baron was a prominent pre–World War II Japanese diplomat and the 44th Prime Minister of Japan from 9 October 1945 to 22 May 1946.
Korea is a region in East Asia; since 1945 it has been divided into two distinctive sovereign states: North Korea and South Korea.
Korea under Japanese rule began with the end of the short-lived Korean Empire in 1910 and ended at the conclusion of World War II in 1945.
The Korean War (in South Korean, "Korean War"; in North Korean, "Fatherland: Liberation War"; 25 June 1950 – 27 July 1953) was a war between North Korea (with the support of China and the Soviet Union) and South Korea (with the principal support of the United States).
is a port and major shipbuilding city situated on the Seto Inland Sea in Hiroshima Prefecture, Japan.
The Kuril Islands or Kurile Islands (or; p or r; Japanese: or), in Russia's Sakhalin Oblast region, form a volcanic archipelago that stretches approximately northeast from Hokkaido, Japan, to Kamchatka, Russia, separating the Sea of Okhotsk from the north Pacific Ocean.
The Kwantung Leased Territory was a Russian-leased territory (1898–1905), then a Japanese-leased territory (1905–1945) in the southern part of the Liaodong Peninsula (遼東半島) in the Republic of China that existed from 1898 to 1945.
was a Japanese politician and first chairman of the Japanese Communist Party from 1945 until his death in 1953.
is the third largest island of Japan and most southwesterly of its four main islands.
The is a Japanese law.
Land reform (also agrarian reform, though that can have a broader meaning) involves the changing of laws, regulations or customs regarding land ownership.
A landlord is the owner of a house, apartment, condominium, land or real estate which is rented or leased to an individual or business, who is called a tenant (also a lessee or renter).
was a right-wing party in Japan, founded on November 9, 1945, mainly by former members of Seiyukai Party.
Liberalism is a political and moral philosophy based on liberty and equality.
Licensed Agencies for Relief in Asia (LARA) was created in April 1946 by eleven volunteer relief organizations, it was the Asian equivalent to CRALOG in Europe.
An agriculture ministry (also called an agriculture department, agriculture board, agriculture council, or agriculture agency, or ministry of rural development) is a ministry charged with agriculture.
This article is a list of countries by military expenditure in a given year.
Manchukuo was a puppet state of the Empire of Japan in Northeast China and Inner Mongolia from 1932 until 1945.
Manchuria is a name first used in the 17th century by Chinese people to refer to a large geographic region in Northeast Asia.
Manila (Maynilà, or), officially the City of Manila (Lungsod ng Maynilà), is the capital of the Philippines and the most densely populated city proper in the world.
was a Japanese army officer and politician.
The Constitution of the Empire of Japan (Kyūjitai: 大日本帝國憲法; Shinjitai: 大日本帝国憲法 Dai-Nippon Teikoku Kenpō), known informally as the Meiji Constitution (明治憲法 Meiji Kenpō), was the constitution of the Empire of Japan which had the proclamation on February 11, 1889, and had enacted since November 29, 1890 until May 2, 1947.
Micronesia ((); from μικρός mikrós "small" and νῆσος nêsos "island") is a subregion of Oceania, composed of thousands of small islands in the western Pacific Ocean.
The military budget of Japan is the portion of the overall budget of Japan that is allocated for the funding of the Japanese Self-Defence Forces.
The Military Intelligence Service (陸軍情報部) was a World War II U.S. military unit consisting of two branches, the Japanese American Unit described here and the German-Austrian Unit based at Camp Ritchie, described partly in Ritchie Boys.
Military occupation is effective provisional control by a certain ruling power over a territory which is not under the formal sovereignty of that entity, without the violation of the actual sovereign.
During World War II, the Soviet Union occupied and annexed several countries effectively handed over by Nazi Germany in the secret protocol Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact of 1939.
(also shortened to moga) were Japanese women who followed Westernized fashions and lifestyles in the 1920s.
() is the capital and the largest city of Nagasaki Prefecture on the island of Kyushu in Japan.
The is the national library of Japan and among the largest libraries in the world.
The, or NPR, was a lightly armed national police force established in 1950 during the Allied occupation of Japan.
Natural and legal rights are two types of rights.
The New Deal was a series of programs, public work projects, financial reforms and regulations enacted in the United States 1933-36, in response to the Great Depression.
The New Zealand Defence Force (Maori: Te Ope Kaatua o Aotearoa, "Line of Defence of New Zealand") consists of three services: the Royal New Zealand Navy; New Zealand Army; and the Royal New Zealand Air Force, and is commanded and headed by the Chief of Defence Force (CDF) the Commander-in-Chief of the NZDF is Dame Patsy Reddy, Governor-General of New Zealand, who exercises power on the advice of the Minister of Defence, Ron Mark, under the Defence Act 1990.
was a Japanese politician and the 56th and 57th Prime Minister of Japan from 25 February 1957 to 12 June 1958, and from then to 19 July 1960.
North Korea (Chosŏn'gŭl:조선; Hanja:朝鮮; Chosŏn), officially the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (abbreviated as DPRK, PRK, DPR Korea, or Korea DPR), is a country in East Asia constituting the northern part of the Korean Peninsula.
A nuclear weapon is an explosive device that derives its destructive force from nuclear reactions, either fission (fission bomb) or from a combination of fission and fusion reactions (thermonuclear bomb).
is the southernmost prefecture of Japan.
A parliamentary system is a system of democratic governance of a state where the executive branch derives its democratic legitimacy from its ability to command the confidence of the legislative branch, typically a parliament, and is also held accountable to that parliament.
The Public Security Preservation Laws were a series of laws enacted during the Empire of Japan.
Peacekeeping refers to activities intended to create conditions that favour lasting peace.
The Penghu or Pescadores Islands are an archipelago of 90 islands and islets in the Taiwan Strait.
Personal property is generally considered property that is movable, as opposed to real property or real estate.
A political prisoner is someone imprisoned because they have opposed or criticized the government responsible for their imprisonment.
Post-occupation Japan is the period in Japanese history which started after the Allied occupation of Japan and ended in 1952.
The Potsdam Declaration or the Proclamation Defining Terms for Japanese Surrender was a statement that called for the surrender of all Japanese armed forces during World War II.
Japan is divided into 47, forming the first level of jurisdiction and administrative division.
The is the head of government of Japan.
was a scion of the Japanese imperial family and was a career naval officer who served as chief of staff of the Imperial Japanese Navy from 1932 to 1941.
General was a Japanese imperial prince, a career officer in the Imperial Japanese Army and the 43rd Prime Minister of Japan from 17 August 1945 to 9 October 1945, a period of 54 days.
was the second and last heir of the Takeda-no-miya collateral branch of the Japanese Imperial Family.
General was the founder of a collateral branch of the Japanese imperial family and a career officer in the Imperial Japanese Army.
Promiscuity is the practice of having casual sex frequently with different partners or being indiscriminate in the choice of sexual partners.
Prostitution is the business or practice of engaging in sexual activity in exchange for payment.
Prussia (Preußen) was a historically prominent German state that originated in 1525 with a duchy centred on the region of Prussia.
The (RAA) was the largest of the organizations established by Occupied Japan to provide organized prostitution to prevent rapes and sexual violence by American troops on the general population,Schrijvers, Peter (2002). The GI War Against Japan. New York City: New York University Press. p. 212. and to create other leisure facilities for occupying Allied troops immediately following World War II. The RAA "recruited" 55,000 women and was short-lived, lasting just over four months until January 1946.
The Removal of Restrictions on Political, Civil, and Religious Liberties, also known as the (SCAPIN-93) directive, the "Human Rights Directive", or "Civil Liberties Directive", was a directive issued by the Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers on October 4, 1945 during the Occupation of Japan.
The Republic of China was a sovereign state in East Asia, that occupied the territories of modern China, and for part of its history Mongolia and Taiwan.
The was one of the main political parties in the pre-war Empire of Japan.
Routledge is a British multinational publisher.
was a Japanese businessman, politician, and philanthropist.
The, also known as the or the, are a chain of islands annexed by Japan that stretch southwest from Kyushu to Taiwan: the Ōsumi, Tokara, Amami, Okinawa, and Sakishima Islands (further divided into the Miyako and Yaeyama Islands), with Yonaguni the southernmost.
is the fifth largest city of Japan by population, and the largest city on the northern Japanese island of Hokkaido.
The, was signed on 8 September 1951 in San Francisco, California between representatives of the United States and Japan.
is a Japanese distilled beverage less than 45% alcohol by volume.
The, or Shōwa era, refers to the period of Japanese history corresponding to the reign of the Shōwa Emperor, Hirohito, from December 25, 1926 until his death on January 7, 1989.
The was a violent confrontation which occurred in between rival gangs near the Shibuya Station in Tokyo, Japan.
, KCVO (22 September 1878 – 20 October 1967) was a Japanese diplomat and politician who served as Prime Minister of Japan from 1946 to 1947 and from 1948 to 1954, becoming one of the longest serving PMs in Japanese history as the second-longest serving Prime Minister of Post-occupation Japan.
,, is a Japanese language phrase meaning "it cannot be helped" or "nothing can be done about it".
is the smallest (long and between wide) and least populous (3.8 million) of the four main islands of Japan, located south of Honshu and east of the island of Kyushu.
was a short-lived political party in Meiji period Japan.
or kami-no-michi (among other names) is the traditional religion of Japan that focuses on ritual practices to be carried out diligently to establish a connection between present-day Japan and its ancient past.
The Shinto Directive was an order issued in 1945 to the Japanese government by Occupation authorities to abolish state support for the Shinto religion.
is a Japanese politician serving as the 63rd and current Prime Minister of Japan and Leader of the Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) since 2012, previously being the 57th officeholder from 2006 to 2007.
The Shipping Control Authority for the Japanese Merchant Marine (SCAJAP) was an organization established by Allied forces in the occupation of Japan after the end of World War II.
Surgeon General was a Japanese army medical officer, microbiologist and the director of Unit 731, a biological warfare unit of the Imperial Japanese Army involved in forced and frequently lethal human experimentation during the Second Sino-Japanese War (1937–1945).
The Social Democratic Party (社会民主党 Shakai Minshu-tō, often abbreviated to 社民党 Shamin-tō), also known as the Social Democratic Party of Japan (日本社会党, abbreviated to SDPJ in English) and previously as the Japan Socialist Party (JSP), is a political party that at various times advocated the establishment of a socialist Japan, until 1996.
South Korea, officially the Republic of Korea (대한민국; Hanja: 大韓民國; Daehan Minguk,; lit. "The Great Country of the Han People"), is a country in East Asia, constituting the southern part of the Korean Peninsula and lying east to the Asian mainland.
The South Pacific Mandate was a League of Nations mandate given to the Empire of Japan by the League of Nations following World War I. The South Pacific Mandate consisted of islands in the north Pacific Ocean that had been part of German New Guinea within the German colonial empire until they were occupied by Japan during World War I. Japan governed the islands under the mandate as part of the Japanese colonial empire until World War II, when the United States captured the islands.
The Soviet Civil Administration (SCA) functioned as the occupying government of northern Korea from October 3, 1945 until the founding of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea in 1948 although it governed concurrently after the setup of the Provisional People's Committee for North Korea in 1946.
The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.
The Spratly Islands (南沙群岛 (Nánshā Qúndǎo), Kepulauan Spratly, Kapuluan ng Kalayaan, Quần đảo Trường Sa) are a disputed group of islands, islets and cays and more than 100 reefs, sometimes grouped in submerged old atolls, in the South China Sea.
A state religion (also called an established religion or official religion) is a religious body or creed officially endorsed by the state.
Suffrage, political franchise, or simply franchise is the right to vote in public, political elections (although the term is sometimes used for any right to vote).
is a neighborhood in Toshima, Tokyo, Japan.
The Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers (SCAP) (originally briefly styled Supreme Commander of the Allied Powers) was the title held by General Douglas MacArthur during the Allied occupation of Japan following World War II.
The surrender of Imperial Japan was announced on August 15 and formally signed on September 2, 1945, bringing the hostilities of World War II to a close.
Taiwan under Japanese rule is the period between 1895 and 1945 in which the island of Taiwan (including the Penghu Islands) was a dependency of the Empire of Japan, after Qing China lost the First Sino-Japanese War to Japan and ceded Taiwan Province in the Treaty of Shimonoseki.
was a member of the Imperial House of Japan.
was a Japanese poet, literary critic, and literary editor active during the Shōwa period of Japan.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
, often shortened to, was a police force established in 1911 in Japan, specifically to investigate and control political groups and ideologies deemed to be a threat to public order.
, officially, is one of the 47 prefectures of Japan and has been the capital since 1869.
is a bay located in the southern Kantō region of Japan, and spans the coasts of Tokyo, Kanagawa Prefecture, and Chiba Prefecture.
The is a Japanese law.
The, also known in Japan as or just for short, was first signed in 1954 at the San Francisco Presidio following the signing of the Treaty of San Francisco (commonly known as the Peace Treaty of San Francisco) at the San Francisco War Memorial Opera House.
, or commonly known as the Treaty of Peace with Japan, Peace Treaty of San Francisco, or San Francisco Peace Treaty), mostly between Japan and the Allied Powers, was officially signed by 48 nations on September 8, 1951, in San Francisco. It came into force on April 28, 1952 and officially ended the American-led Allied Occupation of Japan. According to Article 11 of the Treaty, Japan accepts the judgments of the International Military Tribunal for the Far East and of other Allied War Crimes Courts imposed on Japan both within and outside Japan. This treaty served to officially end Japan's position as an imperial power, to allocate compensation to Allied civilians and former prisoners of war who had suffered Japanese war crimes during World War II, and to end the Allied post-war occupation of Japan and return sovereignty to that nation. This treaty made extensive use of the United Nations Charter and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights to enunciate the Allies' goals. This treaty, along with the Security Treaty signed that same day, is said to mark the beginning of the San Francisco System; this term, coined by historian John W. Dower, signifies the effects of Japan's relationship with the United States and its role in the international arena as determined by these two treaties and is used to discuss the ways in which these effects have governed Japan's post-war history. This treaty also introduced the problem of the legal status of Taiwan due to its lack of specificity as to what country Taiwan was to be surrendered, and hence some supporters of Taiwan independence argue that sovereignty of Taiwan is still undetermined.
The Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands (TTPI) was a United Nations trust territory in Micronesia (western Pacific) administered by the United States from 1947 to 1986.
was a covert biological and chemical warfare research and development unit of the Imperial Japanese Army that undertook lethal human experimentation during the Second Sino-Japanese War (1937–1945) of World War II.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
The United States Army Military Government in Korea (USAMGIK) was the official ruling body of the southern half of the Korean Peninsula from September 8, 1945 to August 15, 1948.
The Bill of Rights is the first ten amendments to the United States Constitution.
The, or "USCAR", was the government in Okinawa, Japan, after World War II from 1950 until 1972.
The is an active subordinate unified command of the United States Indo-Pacific Command (USINDOPACOM).
The United States Institute of Peace (USIP) is an American non-partisan, independent, federal institution that provides analysis of and is involved in conflicts around the world.
Universal Newsreel (sometimes known as Universal-International Newsreel or just U-I Newsreel) was a series of 7- to 10-minute newsreels that were released twice a week between 1929 and 1967 by Universal Studios.
The US Initial Post-Surrender Policy for Japan is a legal document approved by US President Harry S. Truman on September 6, 1945, which governed US policy in the occupation of Japan following surrender in the Second World War.
USS Missouri (BB-63) ("Mighty Mo" or "Big Mo") is a United States Navy and was the third ship of the U.S. Navy to be named after the U.S. state of Missouri.
Valery Burati, a former union organizer in the United States and the acting chief of the Labor Division of Supreme Commander of the Allied Powers (SCAP) from 1948 to 1951 during the US occupation of Japan, played an important role in the formation of Sohyo (General Council of Trade Unions of Japan), the predominantly public sector union confederation.
Victory over Japan Day (also known as V-J Day, Victory in the Pacific Day, or V-P Day) is the day on which Imperial Japan surrendered in World War II, in effect ending the war.
The or are a group of three Japanese islands south of the Bonin Islands that belong to the municipality of Ogasawara, Tokyo Metropolis, Japan.
A war crime is an act that constitutes a serious violation of the laws of war that gives rise to individual criminal responsibility.
Fleet Admiral William Frederick Halsey Jr., KBE (October 30, 1882 – August 16, 1959),"Halsey", ArlingtonCemetery.net.
Wolf Isaac Ladejinsky (March 15, 1899 – July 3, 1975) was an American Georgist agricultural economist and researcher, serving first in the United States Department of Agriculture, then the Ford Foundation and later the World Bank.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
The Yalta Conference, also known as the Crimea Conference and code named the Argonaut Conference, held from 4 to 11 February 1945, was the World War II meeting of the heads of government of the United States, the United Kingdom and the Soviet Union for the purpose of discussing Germany and Europe's postwar reorganization.
, also known as Prince Yasuhito, was the second son of Emperor Taishō, a younger brother of the Emperor Hirohito and a general in the Imperial Japanese Army.
, literally "Port to the side" or "Beside the port", is the second largest city in Japan by population, after Tokyo, and the most populous municipality of Japan.
is a city in Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan.
The Yoshida Doctrine was a strategy adopted by Japan after World War II under Prime Minister Shigeru Yoshida, the country's first post-war prime minister, in which economics was to be concentrated upon reconstructing Japan's domestic economy while the security alliance with the United States would be the guarantor of Japanese security.
was a prominent figure in the rise of organized crime in Japan.
was a member of the Japanese Communist Party.
is a Japanese term referring to industrial and financial business conglomerates in the Empire of Japan, whose influence and size allowed control over significant parts of the Japanese economy from the Meiji period until the end of World War II.
The 11th Airborne Division ("Angels") was a United States Army airborne formation, first activated on 25 February 1943, during World War II.
Events in the year 1945 in Japan.
The is an agreement between the Japan and the United States in which the United States relinquished in favor of Japan all rights and interests under Article III of the Treaty of San Francisco obtained as a result of the Pacific War, thus returning Okinawa Prefecture to Japanese sovereignty.
The 1st Cavalry Division ("First Team") is a combined arms division and is one of the most decorated combat divisions of the United States Army.
The 24th Infantry Division was an infantry division of the United States Army.
The 38th parallel north is a circle of latitude that is 38 degrees north of the Earth's equatorial plane.
The 4th Marine Division is a reserve division in the United States Marine Corps.
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