177 relations: Academy of sciences, Acid, Acoustics, Albedo, Alkalinity, American Geophysical Union, American lobster, Amnesic shellfish poisoning, Amphiprioninae, Anchovy, Animal echolocation, Aragonite, Arctica islandica, Atlantic Ocean, Atlantic Oceanographic and Meteorological Laboratory, Atmosphere, Atmosphere of Earth, Autotroph, Base (chemistry), Benthic zone, Bicarbonate, Biogenic substance, Biogeochemistry, Biogeosciences, Biological pump, Biosphere, Bjerrum plot, Brevetoxin, Brittle star, Calcification, Calcite, Calcium carbonate, Carbohydrate, Carbon cycle, Carbon dioxide, Carbon sink, Carbon-neutral fuel, Carbonate, Carbonate compensation depth, Carbonate minerals, Carbonic acid, Caspar Henderson, Cellulose, Celsius, Chemical equilibrium, CLAW hypothesis, Climate change, Climate change mitigation, Climate engineering, Climatic Change (journal), ..., Coast, Coccolith, Coccolithophore, Combustion, Commercial fishing, Continental shelf, Coral, Coral bleaching, Coral reef, Crustacean, Dead zone (ecology), Domoic acid, Earth, Echinoderm, Ecosystem, Effects of global warming on oceans, Elizabeth Kolbert, Encyclopædia Britannica Online, Eos (magazine), Estuarine acidification, Exoskeleton, Food chain, Food web, Foraminifera, Fossil fuel, Geophysical Research Letters, German Advisory Council on Global Change, Global and Planetary Change, Global Change Biology, Global warming, Heterotroph, Holocene extinction, HuffPost, Humboldt squid, Hydrogen, Hydron (chemistry), Hypercapnia, Indigenous peoples, Industrial Revolution, Integrative and Comparative Biology, InterAcademy Panel, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Iron fertilization, Jane Lubchenco, Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, Journal of Geophysical Research, Journal of Phycology, Ken Caldeira, Land use, Lithosphere, Logarithm, Marine Ecology Progress Series, Marine ecosystem, Marine life, Marine pollution, Mineralogical Abstracts, Molecule, Mollusca, National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Science Foundation, Nature (journal), Nature Geoscience, Neurotoxic shellfish poisoning, New Phytologist, New Scientist, Northern California, Ocean acidification, Ocean deoxygenation, Organic compound, Overfishing, Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory, Palau, Paleocene–Eocene Thermal Maximum, Papua New Guinea, Paralytic shellfish poisoning, Parts-per notation, Permian–Triassic extinction event, PH, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A, Photosynthesis, Phytoplankton, Pisaster ochraceus, Plankton, Plant, Cell & Environment, Polymorphism (materials science), Post-industrial society, Pre-industrial society, Precipitation (chemistry), Presidential Climate Action Plan, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, Proceedings of the Royal Society, Pteropoda, Publications Office of the European Union, RealClimate, Red tide, Revelle factor, Royal Society, Saturation (chemistry), Saxitoxin, Scallop, Science (journal), Science Daily, Science News, Scientific American, Seawater, Sedimentology, Shellfish, Solubility, Solubility pump, Southern Ocean, Spawn (biology), Special Report on Emissions Scenarios, Statocyst, Stony Brook University, Supersaturation, Temperate climate, Temperature, The New Yorker, Thermodynamic activity, Thomas Lovejoy, Tim Flannery, Total inorganic carbon, United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, Vancouver, Whale vocalization, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. Expand index (127 more) » « Shrink index
An academy of sciences is a type of learned society or academy (as special scientific institution) dedicated to sciences that may or may not be state funded.
An acid is a molecule or ion capable of donating a hydron (proton or hydrogen ion H+), or, alternatively, capable of forming a covalent bond with an electron pair (a Lewis acid).
Acoustics is the branch of physics that deals with the study of all mechanical waves in gases, liquids, and solids including topics such as vibration, sound, ultrasound and infrasound.
Albedo (albedo, meaning "whiteness") is the measure of the diffuse reflection of solar radiation out of the total solar radiation received by an astronomical body (e.g. a planet like Earth).
Alkalinity is the capacity of water to resist changes in pH that would make the water more acidic.
The American Geophysical Union (AGU) is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization of geophysicists, consisting of over 62,000 members from 144 countries.
The American lobster (Homarus americanus) is a species of lobster found on the Atlantic coast of North America, chiefly from Labrador to New Jersey.
Amnesic shellfish poisoning (ASP) is an illness caused by consumption of the marine biotoxin called domoic acid.
Clownfish or anemonefish are fishes from the subfamily Amphiprioninae in the family Pomacentridae.
An anchovy is a small, common forage fish of the family Engraulidae.
Echolocation, also called bio sonar, is the biological sonar used by several kinds of animals.
Aragonite is a carbonate mineral, one of the two most common, naturally occurring, crystal forms of calcium carbonate, CaCO3 (the other forms being the minerals calcite and vaterite).
The ocean quahog (Arctica islandica) is a species of edible clam, a marine bivalve mollusk in the family Arcticidae.
The Atlantic Ocean is the second largest of the world's oceans with a total area of about.
The Atlantic Oceanographic and Meteorological Laboratory (AOML), a federal research laboratory, is part of National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's (NOAA) Office of Oceanic and Atmospheric Research (OAR), located in Miami, Florida.
An atmosphere is a layer or a set of layers of gases surrounding a planet or other material body, that is held in place by the gravity of that body.
The atmosphere of Earth is the layer of gases, commonly known as air, that surrounds the planet Earth and is retained by Earth's gravity.
An autotroph ("self-feeding", from the Greek autos "self" and trophe "nourishing") or producer, is an organism that produces complex organic compounds (such as carbohydrates, fats, and proteins) from simple substances present in its surroundings, generally using energy from light (photosynthesis) or inorganic chemical reactions (chemosynthesis).
In chemistry, bases are substances that, in aqueous solution, release hydroxide (OH−) ions, are slippery to the touch, can taste bitter if an alkali, change the color of indicators (e.g., turn red litmus paper blue), react with acids to form salts, promote certain chemical reactions (base catalysis), accept protons from any proton donor, and/or contain completely or partially displaceable OH− ions.
The benthic zone is the ecological region at the lowest level of a body of water such as an ocean or a lake, including the sediment surface and some sub-surface layers.
In inorganic chemistry, bicarbonate (IUPAC-recommended nomenclature: hydrogencarbonate) is an intermediate form in the deprotonation of carbonic acid.
A biogenic substance is a substance produced by life processes.
Biogeochemistry is the scientific discipline that involves the study of the chemical, physical, geological, and biological processes and reactions that govern the composition of the natural environment (including the biosphere, the cryosphere, the hydrosphere, the pedosphere, the atmosphere, and the lithosphere).
Biogeosciences is an open-access peer-reviewed scientific journal publishing research within Earth science.
The biological pump, in its simplest form, is the ocean's biologically driven sequestration of carbon from the atmosphere to deep sea water and sediment.
The biosphere (from Greek βίος bíos "life" and σφαῖρα sphaira "sphere") also known as the ecosphere (from Greek οἶκος oîkos "environment" and σφαῖρα), is the worldwide sum of all ecosystems.
A Bjerrum plot (named after Niels Bjerrum) is a graph of the concentrations of the different species of a polyprotic acid in a solution, as functions of the solution's pH, when the solution is at equilibrium.
Brevetoxin (PbTx), or brevetoxins, are a suite of cyclic polyether compounds produced naturally by a species of dinoflagellate known as Karenia brevis.
Brittle stars or ophiuroids are echinoderms in the class Ophiuroidea closely related to starfish.
Calcification is the accumulation of calcium salts in a body tissue.
Calcite is a carbonate mineral and the most stable polymorph of calcium carbonate (CaCO3).
Calcium carbonate is a chemical compound with the formula CaCO3.
A carbohydrate is a biomolecule consisting of carbon (C), hydrogen (H) and oxygen (O) atoms, usually with a hydrogen–oxygen atom ratio of 2:1 (as in water); in other words, with the empirical formula (where m may be different from n).
The carbon cycle is the biogeochemical cycle by which carbon is exchanged among the biosphere, pedosphere, geosphere, hydrosphere, and atmosphere of the Earth.
Carbon dioxide (chemical formula) is a colorless gas with a density about 60% higher than that of dry air.
A carbon sink is a natural or artificial reservoir that accumulates and stores some carbon-containing chemical compound for an indefinite period.
The term "carbon-neutral fuel" can refer to a variety of energy fuels or energy systems which have no net greenhouse gas emissions or carbon footprint.
In chemistry, a carbonate is a salt of carbonic acid (H2CO3), characterized by the presence of the carbonate ion, a polyatomic ion with the formula of.
Calcite compensation depth (CCD) is the depth in the oceans below which the rate of supply of calcite (calcium carbonate) lags behind the rate of solvation, such that no calcite is preserved.
Carbonate minerals are those minerals containing the carbonate ion, CO32−.
Carbonic acid is a chemical compound with the chemical formula H2CO3 (equivalently OC(OH)2).
Caspar Henderson is a writer and journalist living in Oxford, England.
Cellulose is an organic compound with the formula, a polysaccharide consisting of a linear chain of several hundred to many thousands of β(1→4) linked D-glucose units.
The Celsius scale, previously known as the centigrade scale, is a temperature scale used by the International System of Units (SI).
In a chemical reaction, chemical equilibrium is the state in which both reactants and products are present in concentrations which have no further tendency to change with time, so that there is no observable change in the properties of the system.
The CLAW hypothesis proposes a negative feedback loop that operates between ocean ecosystems and the Earth's climate.
Climate change is a change in the statistical distribution of weather patterns when that change lasts for an extended period of time (i.e., decades to millions of years).
Climate change mitigation consists of actions to limit the magnitude or rate of long-term climate change.
Climate engineering or climate intervention, commonly referred to as geoengineering, is the deliberate and large-scale intervention in the Earth’s climate system, usually with the aim of mitigating the adverse effects of global warming.
Climatic Change is a biweekly peer-reviewed scientific journal published by Springer Science+Business Media covering cross-disciplinary work on all aspects of climate change and variability.
A coastline or a seashore is the area where land meets the sea or ocean, or a line that forms the boundary between the land and the ocean or a lake.
Coccoliths are individual plates of calcium carbonate formed by coccolithophores (single-celled algae such as Emiliania huxleyi) which are arranged around them in a coccosphere.
A coccolithophore (or coccolithophorid, from the adjective) is a unicellular, eukaryotic phytoplankton (alga).
Combustion, or burning, is a high-temperature exothermic redox chemical reaction between a fuel (the reductant) and an oxidant, usually atmospheric oxygen, that produces oxidized, often gaseous products, in a mixture termed as smoke.
Commercial fishing is the activity of catching fish and other seafood for commercial profit, mostly from wild fisheries.
The continental shelf is an underwater landmass which extends from a continent, resulting in an area of relatively shallow water known as a shelf sea.
Corals are marine invertebrates in the class Anthozoa of phylum Cnidaria.
Coral bleaching occurs when coral polyps expel algae that live inside their tissues.
Coral reefs are diverse underwater ecosystems held together by calcium carbonate structures secreted by corals.
Crustaceans (Crustacea) form a large, diverse arthropod taxon which includes such familiar animals as crabs, lobsters, crayfish, shrimp, krill, woodlice, and barnacles.
Dead zones are hypoxic (low-oxygen) areas in the world's oceans and large lakes, caused by "excessive nutrient pollution from human activities coupled with other factors that deplete the oxygen required to support most marine life in bottom and near-bottom water.
Domoic acid (DA) is a kainic acid analog neurotoxin that causes amnesic shellfish poisoning (ASP).
Earth is the third planet from the Sun and the only astronomical object known to harbor life.
Echinoderm is the common name given to any member of the phylum Echinodermata (from Ancient Greek, ἐχῖνος, echinos – "hedgehog" and δέρμα, derma – "skin") of marine animals.
An ecosystem is a community made up of living organisms and nonliving components such as air, water, and mineral soil.
Effects of global warming on oceans provides information on the various effects that global warming has on oceans.
Elizabeth Kolbert (born 1961) is an American journalist and author and visiting fellow at Williams College.
Encyclopædia Britannica Online is the website of Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. and its Encyclopædia Britannica, with more than 120,000 articles that are updated regularly.
Eos, Transactions, American Geophysical Union, is a weekly magazine of Earth science published by John Wiley & Sons for the American Geophysical Union (AGU).
Estuarine acidification happens when the pH balance of water in coastal marine ecosystems, specifically those of estuaries, decreases.
An exoskeleton (from Greek έξω, éxō "outer" and σκελετός, skeletós "skeleton") is the external skeleton that supports and protects an animal's body, in contrast to the internal skeleton (endoskeleton) of, for example, a human.
A food chain is a linear network of links in a food web starting from producer organisms (such as grass or trees which use radiation from the Sun to make their food) and ending at apex predator species (like grizzly bears or killer whales), detritivores (like earthworms or woodlice), or decomposer species (such as fungi or bacteria).
A food web (or food cycle) is a natural interconnection of food chains and a graphical representation (usually an image) of what-eats-what in an ecological community.
Foraminifera (Latin for "hole bearers"; informally called "forams") are members of a phylum or class of amoeboid protists characterized by streaming granular ectoplasm for catching food and other uses; and commonly an external shell (called a "test") of diverse forms and materials.
A fossil fuel is a fuel formed by natural processes, such as anaerobic decomposition of buried dead organisms, containing energy originating in ancient photosynthesis.
Geophysical Research Letters is a biweekly peer-reviewed scientific journal of geoscience published by the American Geophysical Union that was established in 1974.
The Scientific Advisory Council on Global Change (German: Wissenschaftlicher Beirat der Bundesregierung Globale Umweltveränderungen, WBGU) is an independent, scientific advisory body to the German Federal Government, established in 1992 in the run-up to the Rio Earth Summit (UNCED).
Global and Planetary Change is a monthly peer-reviewed scientific journal covering research into the earth sciences, particularly pertaining to changes in aspects thereof such as sea level and the chemical composition of the atmosphere.
Global Change Biology is a monthly scientific journal covering research in conservation biology, environmental sciences, and ecology.
Global warming, also referred to as climate change, is the observed century-scale rise in the average temperature of the Earth's climate system and its related effects.
A heterotroph (Ancient Greek ἕτερος héteros.
The Holocene extinction, otherwise referred to as the Sixth extinction or Anthropocene extinction, is the ongoing extinction event of species during the present Holocene epoch, mainly as a result of human activity.
HuffPost (formerly The Huffington Post and sometimes abbreviated HuffPo) is a liberal American news and opinion website and blog that has both localized and international editions.
The Humboldt squid (Dosidicus gigas), also known as jumbo squid, jumbo flying squid, pota, or diablo rojo (Red Devil), is a large, predatory squid living in the waters of the Humboldt Current in the eastern Pacific Ocean.
Hydrogen is a chemical element with symbol H and atomic number 1.
In chemistry, a hydron is the general name for a cationic form of atomic hydrogen, represented with the symbol.
Hypercapnia, also known as hypercarbia and CO2 retention, is a condition of abnormally elevated carbon dioxide (CO2) levels in the blood.
Indigenous peoples, also known as first peoples, aboriginal peoples or native peoples, are ethnic groups who are the pre-colonial original inhabitants of a given region, in contrast to groups that have settled, occupied or colonized the area more recently.
The Industrial Revolution was the transition to new manufacturing processes in the period from about 1760 to sometime between 1820 and 1840.
Integrative and Comparative Biology is the scientific journal for the Society for Integrative and Comparative Biology (formerly the American Society of Zoologists).
The InterAcademy Panel: The Global Network of Science Academies (IAP) is a global network consisting of over 106 national science academies.
The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) is a scientific and intergovernmental body under the auspices of the United Nations, set up at the request of member governments, dedicated to the task of providing the world with an objective, scientific view of climate change and its political and economic impacts.
Iron fertilization is the intentional introduction of iron fines to iron-poor areas of the ocean surface to stimulate phytoplankton production.
Jane Lubchenco (born December 4, 1947) is an American environmental scientist and marine ecologist who teaches and does research at Oregon State University.
The Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology is a peer-reviewed bimonthly journal which publishes work on the biochemistry, physiology, behaviour, and genetics of marine plants and animals in relation to their ecology.
The Journal of Geophysical Research is a peer-reviewed scientific journal.
The Journal of Phycology is a bimonthly peer-reviewed scientific journal of phycology (the study of Algae), published by Wiley-Blackwell on behalf of the Phycological Society of America.
Kenneth Caldeira is an atmospheric scientist who works at the Carnegie Institution for Science's Department of Global Ecology.
Land use involves the management and modification of natural environment or wilderness into built environment such as settlements and semi-natural habitats such as arable fields, pastures, and managed woods.
A lithosphere (λίθος for "rocky", and σφαίρα for "sphere") is the rigid, outermost shell of a terrestrial-type planet, or natural satellite, that is defined by its rigid mechanical properties.
In mathematics, the logarithm is the inverse function to exponentiation.
The Marine Ecology Progress Series is a peer-reviewed scientific journal that covers all aspects of marine ecology.
Marine ecosystems are among the largest of Earth's aquatic ecosystems.
Marine life, or sea life or ocean life, is the plants, animals and other organisms that live in the salt water of the sea or ocean, or the brackish water of coastal estuaries.
Marine pollution occurs when harmful, or potentially harmful, effects result from the entry into the ocean of chemicals, particles, industrial, agricultural, and residential waste, noise, or the spread of invasive organisms.
Mineralogical Abstracts, also known as MINABS Online, was a bibliographic database that was first published in 1920 and discontinued in 2008.
A molecule is an electrically neutral group of two or more atoms held together by chemical bonds.
Mollusca is a large phylum of invertebrate animals whose members are known as molluscs or mollusksThe formerly dominant spelling mollusk is still used in the U.S. — see the reasons given in Gary Rosenberg's.
The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine (also known as "NASEM" or "the National Academies") is the collective scientific national academy of the United States.
The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA; pronounced, like "Noah") is an American scientific agency within the United States Department of Commerce that focuses on the conditions of the oceans, major waterways, and the atmosphere.
The National Science Foundation (NSF) is a United States government agency that supports fundamental research and education in all the non-medical fields of science and engineering.
Nature is a British multidisciplinary scientific journal, first published on 4 November 1869.
Nature Geoscience is a monthly peer-reviewed scientific journal published by the Nature Publishing Group.
Neurotoxic shellfish poisoning (NSP) is caused by the consumption of shellfish contaminated by breve-toxins or brevetoxin analogs.
New Phytologist is a peer-reviewed scientific journal published on behalf of the New Phytologist Trust by Wiley-Blackwell.
New Scientist, first published on 22 November 1956, is a weekly, English-language magazine that covers all aspects of science and technology.
Northern California (colloquially known as NorCal or "The Northstate" for the northern interior counties north of Sacramento to the Oregon stateline) is the northern portion of the U.S. state of California.
Ocean acidification is the ongoing decrease in the pH of the Earth's oceans, caused by the uptake of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere.
Ocean deoxygenation is the expansion of oxygen minimum zones in the world's oceans as a consequence of anthropogenic emissions of carbon dioxide.
In chemistry, an organic compound is generally any chemical compound that contains carbon.
Overfishing is the removal of a species of fish from a body of water at a rate that the species cannot replenish in time, resulting in those species either becoming depleted or very underpopulated in that given area.
The Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory (PMEL) is a laboratory in the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Office of Oceanic and Atmospheric Research (OAR).
Palau (historically Belau, Palaos, or Pelew), officially the Republic of Palau (Beluu er a Belau), is an island country located in the western Pacific Ocean.
The Paleocene–Eocene Thermal Maximum (PETM), alternatively (ETM1), and formerly known as the "Initial Eocene" or "" was a time period with more than 8 °C warmer global average temperature than today.
Papua New Guinea (PNG;,; Papua Niugini; Hiri Motu: Papua Niu Gini), officially the Independent State of Papua New Guinea, is an Oceanian country that occupies the eastern half of the island of New Guinea and its offshore islands in Melanesia, a region of the southwestern Pacific Ocean north of Australia.
Paralytic shellfish poisoning (PSP) is one of the four recognized syndromes of shellfish poisoning, which share some common features and are primarily associated with bivalve mollusks (such as mussels, clams, oysters and scallops).
In science and engineering, the parts-per notation is a set of pseudo-units to describe small values of miscellaneous dimensionless quantities, e.g. mole fraction or mass fraction.
The Permian–Triassic (P–Tr or P–T) extinction event, colloquially known as the Great Dying, the End-Permian Extinction or the Great Permian Extinction, occurred about 252 Ma (million years) ago, forming the boundary between the Permian and Triassic geologic periods, as well as the Paleozoic and Mesozoic eras.
In chemistry, pH is a logarithmic scale used to specify the acidity or basicity of an aqueous solution.
Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences is a fortnightly peer-reviewed scientific journal published by the Royal Society.
Photosynthesis is a process used by plants and other organisms to convert light energy into chemical energy that can later be released to fuel the organisms' activities (energy transformation).
Phytoplankton are the autotrophic (self-feeding) components of the plankton community and a key part of oceans, seas and freshwater basin ecosystems.
Pisaster ochraceus, generally known as the purple sea star, ochre sea star, or ochre starfish, is a common starfish found among the waters of the Pacific Ocean.
Plankton (singular plankter) are the diverse collection of organisms that live in large bodies of water and are unable to swim against a current.
Plant, Cell & Environment is a monthly peer-reviewed scientific journal published by Wiley-Blackwell.
In materials science, polymorphism is the ability of a solid material to exist in more than one form or crystal structure.
In sociology, the post-industrial society is the stage of society's development when the service sector generates more wealth than the manufacturing sector of the economy.
Pre-industrial society refers to social attributes and forms of political and cultural organization that were prevalent before the advent of the Industrial Revolution, which occurred from 1750 to 1850.
Precipitation is the creation of a solid from a solution.
President Barack Obama’s Climate Action Plan proposed a reduction in carbon dioxide emissions.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (PNAS) is the official scientific journal of the National Academy of Sciences, published since 1915.
Proceedings of the Royal Society is the parent title of two scientific journals published by the Royal Society.
Pteropoda (common name pteropods, from the Greek meaning "wing-foot") are specialized free-swimming pelagic sea snails and sea slugs, marine opisthobranch gastropods.
The Publications Office of the European Union (Publications Office) is an interinstitutional office that publishes and disseminates the publications of the institutions and other bodies of the European Union (see.
RealClimate is a commentary site (blog) on climatology.
Red tide is a common name for a worldwide phenomenon known as an algal bloom (large concentrations of aquatic microorganisms—protozoans or unicellular algae) when it is caused by species of dinoflagellates and other organisms.
The Revelle factor (buffer factor) is the ratio of instantaneous change in carbon dioxide to the change in total dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC), and is a measure of the resistance to atmospheric CO2 being absorbed by the ocean surface layer.
The President, Council and Fellows of the Royal Society of London for Improving Natural Knowledge, commonly known as the Royal Society, is a learned society.
In chemistry, saturation (from the Latin word saturare, meaning 'to fill') has diverse meanings, all based on the idea of reaching a maximum capacity.
Saxitoxin (STX) is a potent neurotoxin and the best-known paralytic shellfish toxin (PST).
Scallop is a common name that is primarily applied to any one of numerous species of saltwater clams or marine bivalve mollusks in the taxonomic family Pectinidae, the scallops.
Science, also widely referred to as Science Magazine, is the peer-reviewed academic journal of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) and one of the world's top academic journals.
Science Daily is an American website that aggregates press releases and publishes lightly edited press releases (a practice called churnalism) about science, similar to Phys.org and EurekAlert!.
Science News is an American bi-weekly magazine devoted to short articles about new scientific and technical developments, typically gleaned from recent scientific and technical journals.
Scientific American (informally abbreviated SciAm) is an American popular science magazine.
Seawater, or salt water, is water from a sea or ocean.
Sedimentology encompasses the study of modern sediments such as sand, silt, and clay, and the processes that result in their formation (erosion and weathering), transport, deposition and diagenesis.
Shellfish is a food source and fisheries term for exoskeleton-bearing aquatic invertebrates used as food, including various species of molluscs, crustaceans, and echinoderms.
Solubility is the property of a solid, liquid or gaseous chemical substance called solute to dissolve in a solid, liquid or gaseous solvent.
In oceanic biogeochemistry, the solubility pump is a physico-chemical process that transports carbon (as dissolved inorganic carbon) from the ocean's surface to its interior.
The Southern Ocean, also known as the Antarctic Ocean or the Austral Ocean, comprises the southernmost waters of the World Ocean, generally taken to be south of 60° S latitude and encircling Antarctica.
Spawn is the eggs and sperm released or deposited into water by aquatic animals.
The Special Report on Emissions Scenarios (SRES) is a report by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) that was published in 2000.
The statocyst is a balance sensory receptor present in some aquatic invertebrates, including molluscs, bivalves, cnidarians, ctenophorans, echinoderms, cephalopods, and crustaceans.
The State University of New York at Stony Brook (also known as Stony Brook University or SUNY Stony Brook) is a public sea-grant and space-grant research university in the eastern United States.
Supersaturation is a state of a solution that contains more of the dissolved material than could be dissolved by the solvent under normal circumstances.
In geography, the temperate or tepid climates of Earth occur in the middle latitudes, which span between the tropics and the polar regions of Earth.
Temperature is a physical quantity expressing hot and cold.
The New Yorker is an American magazine of reportage, commentary, criticism, essays, fiction, satire, cartoons, and poetry.
In chemical thermodynamics, activity (symbol) is a measure of the "effective concentration" of a species in a mixture, in the sense that the species' chemical potential depends on the activity of a real solution in the same way that it would depend on concentration for an ideal solution.
Thomas E. Lovejoy, "the Godfather of Biodiversity", is a Senior Fellow at the United Nations Foundation and University Professor in the Environmental Science and Policy department at George Mason University.
Timothy Fridtjof "Tim" Flannery (born 28 January 1956) is an Australian mammalogist, palaeontologist, environmentalist, Australia's leading conservationist, explorer, and global warming activist.
The total inorganic carbon (CT, or TIC) or dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC) is the sum of inorganic carbon species in a solution.
The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) is an international environmental treaty adopted on 9 May 1992 and opened for signature at the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro from 3 to 14 June 1992.
Vancouver is a coastal seaport city in western Canada, located in the Lower Mainland region of British Columbia.
Whale sounds are used by whales for different kinds of communication.
The Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI, acronym pronounced) is a private, nonprofit research and higher education facility dedicated to the study of all aspects of marine science and engineering and to the education of marine researchers.
Acidic Oceans, Acidification of sea water, BIOACID, Carbonate compensation, Mitigation of ocean acidification, Ocean Acidification, Ocean acidification and its effects on marine systems, Ocean acidification and rising CO2 concentrations in the atmosphere, Ocean acidification and rising CO2 concentrations in the atmostphere, Ocean threats, Oceanic acidification, Prevention of ocean acidification.