798 relations: Abel Tasman, Aboriginal Australians, Acacia, Acanthiza, Adam Johann von Krusenstern, Adamstown, Pitcairn Islands, Adelaide, Admiralty Islands, Advice (constitutional), Agnosticism, Ahmadiyya, Aleutian Islands, Allies of World War II, Alofi, Alonso de Salazar, American Samoa, American Statistical Association, Amusement park, Anglo-Celtic, Animism, Antarctica, Anthropologist, Anzac Day, Aoraki / Mount Cook, Apia, Archaeology, Arecaceae, Arid, Artamidae, Ashmore and Cartier Islands, Asia-Pacific, Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation, Asian Australians, Asian Football Confederation, Asian people, Association football, Asylum seeker, Atheism, Attack on Pearl Harbor, Auckland, Auguste Febvrier Despointes, Austral Islands, Australasia, Australasian realm, Australasian robin, Australasian treecreeper, Australia, Australia (continent), Australia national soccer team, Australian Aboriginal languages, ..., Australian Broadcasting Corporation, Australian Bureau of Statistics, Australian Capital Territory, Australian Defence Force, Australian Geographic, Australian Labor Party, Australian magpie, Australian Museum, Australian Plate, Australian raven, Australian rules football, Australian Securities Exchange, Austronesian languages, Austronesian peoples, Automotive industry in Australia, Avarua, Avatar (2009 film), Axis powers, ‘ie toga, Babeldaob, Bahá'í Faith, Bahá'í House of Worship, Baker Island, Banaba Island, Banksia, Battle of Bita Paka, Battle of Guam (1944), Battle of the Coral Sea, Bawley Point, BBC, Beef, Biogeographic realm, Bird vocalization, Bird-of-paradise, Bislama, Bismarck Archipelago, Bombing of Darwin, Bonin Islands, Borneo campaign (1945), Botany Bay, Bougainville Island, Bowerbird, Brigalow Belt, Brisbane, British cuisine, British Empire, Brown goshawk, Brown noddy, Brown tree snake, Brush Island, Buddhism, Bush tucker, Butcherbird, Cambridge University Press, Campbell Islands, Canberra, Cantonese, Cape York Peninsula, Capital city, Cardinal myzomela, Caroline Islands, Carolinian language, Celebrity Survivor, Central Otago, Centre-left politics, Centre-right politics, Chamorro language, Chamorro people, Chavacano, Chiko Roll, Chile, Chinese cuisine, Chinese people, Christchurch, Christian, Christianity, Christmas Island, Cinema of Australia, Cinema of the United States, Clipperton Island, Closer Economic Relations, Clothing industry, Coalition (Australia), Coat of arms, Cocoa bean, Coconut, Cocos (Keeling) Islands, Cocos Malay, Coffee culture, Coffeehouse, Collapse: How Societies Choose to Fail or Succeed, Colony of Fiji, Columbia Encyclopedia, Commonwealth Games, Commonwealth realm, Conrad Malte-Brun, Constitution of Hawaii, Constitution of New Zealand, Constitutional monarchy, Cook Islands, Cook Islands Māori, Copra, Coral island, Coral reef, Coral Sea Islands, Corvidae, Country music, Creole language, Crested pigeon, Cretaceous, Cricket, Cronulla sand dunes, Cuisine of Hawaii, Cuisine of the United States, Culture of Asia, Culture of the United States, Dasyuromorphia, Deism, Democratic Party (United States), Derris trifoliata, Deserts of Australia, Developed country, Developing country, Dim sim, Dominion, Dreamworld (Australian theme park), Dredge oyster, Early human migrations, Earthquake, East Asia Summit, Easter Island, Eastern Australian temperate forests, Eastern Hemisphere, Eastern states of Australia, Economics, Economist Group, Economy of Australia, El Niño–Southern Oscillation, Elections in New Zealand, Elizabeth II, Empire of Japan, Emu, Endangered species, Endemism, English language, Ethnic groups in the Middle East, Eucalyptus, European Union, Europeans in Oceania, Exclusive economic zone, Executive (government), Exploration, Exploration of the Pacific, Extinct in the wild, Fa'a Samoa, Fa'amatai, Fa'ataupati, Fabaceae, Fagatogo, Fairy tern, Feature length, Federalism, Federated States of Micronesia, Festival of Pacific Arts, Fiji, Fiji Hindi, Fiji national rugby sevens team, Fijian language, Filipino cuisine, Filipinos, Film producer, Financial centre, First Fleet, Fishing, Fjord, Flags of Oceania, Flat white, Foreign born, Forestation, France, Frank Harary, French language, French nationality law, French Polynesia, Funafuti, Futunan language, Galápagos Islands, Gambier Islands, Genetics, Geography of Taiwan, Geology, Geothermal areas in New Zealand, Geothermal gradient, German New Guinea, German Samoa, Gilbert Islands, Gilbertese language, Ginger, Global city, Globalization and World Cities Research Network, Glottochronology, Goanna, Gold, Gold Coast, Queensland, Gondwana, Governor-General of Australia, Governor-General of New Zealand, Governors of the Australian states, Great Barrier Reef, Greek community of Melbourne, Greek language, Greenland, Gross domestic product, Guam, Guangzhou, Guns, Germs, and Steel, Gweagal, Gyrocarpus americanus, Hagåtña, Guam, Hanga Roa, Haplogroup, Hawaii, Hawaii (island), Hawaii State Capitol, Hawaiian crow, Hawaiian Islands, Hawaiian language, Hawaiian lobelioids, Hawaiian Pidgin, Hawaiian–Emperor seamount chain, Head of government, Head of state, Heinemann (publisher), High island, Hindi, Hinduism, Hip hop music, Hippocrene Books, Hiri Motu, History of New Zealand, Honeyeater, Honiara, Honolulu, Hotspot (geology), Hotu Matu'a, Howland Island, Human Development Index, Humid subtropical climate, Hutchinson Encyclopedia, Ice age, Immigration, Imperial General Headquarters, Imperial Japanese Navy, Indian Ocean, Indigenous Australians, Indo-Australian Plate, Indonesia, Industry, International Date Line, International Olympic Committee, International Union for Conservation of Nature, Interracial marriage, Irreligion, Isaac Isaacs, Isla Salas y Gómez, Islam, Island Melanesia, ISO 3166-1 alpha-2, Israel Kamakawiwoʻole, IUCN Red List, Jainism, James Cook, Japan, Japan Self-Defense Forces, Japanese archipelago, Japanese cuisine, Jared Diamond, Jarvis Island, Jayapura, John Marshall (British captain), Johnston Atoll, Journal of World History, Juan Fernández Islands, Judaism, Kakapo, Kangaroo, Kangaroo Island, Kapa, Kapa haka, Köppen climate classification, Kea, Kermadec Islands, King, King Kong (2005 film), Kingfisher, Kingman Reef, Kingston, Norfolk Island, Kiribati, KITV, Kiwi, Kiwifruit, Koala, Kokoda Track campaign, Korean cuisine, Korean immigration to Hawaii, Koror, Lake Mungo remains, Lamb and mutton, Land bridge, Language family, Languages Other Than English, Lapita culture, Late Cretaceous, Latin, Latte stone, Laughing kookaburra, Lead, Leader of the Opposition (Fiji), Least Developed Countries, Legislative Assembly of Samoa, Legislature, Lek mating, Liberal Party of Australia, Lieutenant Governor of Hawaii, Linguistics, List of continents by GDP (nominal), List of continents by population, List of countries and dependencies by area, List of countries and dependencies by population, List of countries and dependencies by population density, List of countries by GDP (nominal), List of countries by GDP (PPP), List of countries by GDP (PPP) per capita, List of heads of state of Fiji, List of largest art museums, List of national animals, List of sovereign states and dependent territories by immigrant population, List of sovereign states and dependent territories in Oceania, List of stock exchanges in Oceania, List of transcontinental countries, Lists of cities in Oceania, Loughborough University, Luís Vaz de Torres, Lumber, Lyrebird, Macquarie Island, Macropodidae, Madagascar, Mainland Australia, Maisin language, Majority minority, Majuro, Makatea, Makira, Malay Archipelago, Malay language, Malay trade and creole languages, Maluku Islands, Mangareva, Manokwari, Manufacturing in Australia, Mariana Islands, Maritime Southeast Asia, Market economy, Marquesas Islands, Marshall Islands, Marshall Islands stick chart, Marshallese language, Marsupial, Mata Utu, Mauna Kea, Māori culture, Māori language, Māori people, Mediterranean climate, Melanesia, Melbourne, Melekeok, Mercer Quality of Living Survey, Micronesia, Midway Atoll, Milford Sound, Military history of Australia during World War II, Military history of the United States during World War II, Military strike, Mining in Australia, Minority religion, Mitochondrial DNA, Moai, Modern history, Monarchy of Australia, Monarchy of New Zealand, Monsoon, Most livable cities in the world, Mount Field National Park, Mount Waialeale, Multi-party system, Multiculturalism, Multiculturalism in Australia, Museum, Music of the United States, Mutiny on the Bounty, Myrtaceae, Nan Madol, Napoleon III, National Archives of Australia, National Assembly (France), National Climatic Data Center, National Gallery of Victoria, National identity, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Party of Australia, Native cuisine of Hawaii, Natural Resources, Nauru, Nauru Regional Processing Centre, Nauruan language, Naval base, Near Oceania, Netball, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New South Wales, New Zealand, New Zealand bellbird, New Zealand cuisine, New Zealand Defence Force, New Zealand dollar, New Zealand House of Representatives, New Zealand national rugby sevens team, New Zealand Parliament, Ngerulmud, Nickel, Niue, Niuean language, Norfolk Island, Norfuk language, North Island, Northern Hemisphere, Northern Mariana Islands, Northland Peninsula, Northwestern Hawaiian Islands, Nouméa, NPR, Nukuʻalofa, Nukunonu, Occupation of German Samoa, Oceania (journal), Oceanian realm, Oceanic climate, Oceanic crust, Oceanic cuisine, Ogasawara, Tokyo, Oodnadatta, Ophir, New Zealand, Oral tradition, Outback, Oxford University Press, Pacific Community, Pacific Games, Pacific Islands, Pacific Islands Forum, Pacific kingfisher, Pacific Ocean, Pacific Plate, Pacific Rim, Pacific Solution, Pacific swallow, Pacific Union, Pago Pago, Palau, Palauan language, Paleolithic diet, Palikir, Palm oil, Palmyra Atoll, Pama–Nyungan languages, Papeete, Paphies australis, Papua (province), Papua New Guinea, Papuan languages, Papuan people, Paranephrops, Pardalote, Parliament of Fiji, Parliamentary system, Passerine, Pate (instrument), Pavlova (food), Pāua, Pearl Harbor, Pedro Fernandes de Queirós, Perth, Petroglyph, Phalangeriformes, Philippines, Pied currawong, Pineapple, Pitcairn Islands, Pitcairn reed warbler, Pitkern language, Placentalia, Plate tectonics, Platypus, Pohnpei, Politics of Fiji, Politics of Hawaii, Politics of Kiribati, Politics of New Caledonia, Politics of Papua New Guinea, Politics of Samoa, Politics of Tonga, Polynesia, Polynesian culture, Polynesian languages, Polynesian starling, Polynesian Triangle, Polynesians, Polytheism, Port Jackson, Port Moresby, Port Vila, Portuguese cuisine, Portuguese discoveries, Portuguese people, Pouch (marsupial), Predation, Prehistory, Premna protrusa, President of Fiji, President of Kiribati, Prime Minister of Fiji, Prime Minister of New Zealand, Prime Minister of Papua New Guinea, Prime Minister of Samoa, Prince Philip Movement, Princeton University Press, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, Proteaceae, Protectorate, Psydrax odorata, Puerto Rican immigration to Hawaii, Puncak Jaya, Purchasing power parity, Quality of life, Queensland, Radiocarbon dating, Rainforest, Ranfurly, New Zealand, Rapa Nui language, Rationalism, Recent African origin of modern humans, Red-tailed tropicbird, Red-vented bulbul, Regional Assistance Mission to Solomon Islands, Remote Oceania, Representative democracy, Reptile, Rock art, Rock music, Rotuman language, Rowman & Littlefield, Royal Botanic Garden, Sydney, Royal Exhibition Building, Royal Navy, Rugby league, Rugby League World Cup records, Rugby union, Ryukyu Islands, Saipan, Samoa, Samoa 'ava ceremony, Samoan language, Sandalwood, Santa Cruz Islands, Sasa (dance), Sclerophyll, Scuba diving, Sea World (Australia), Secular humanism, Semi-arid climate, Senate (France), Senyavin Islands, Separation of powers, Serotiny, Shield volcano, Sikhism, Silent film, Siva Samoa, Slack-key guitar, Soccer in Australia, Society Islands, Solomon Islands, Solomon Islands campaign, Somewhere Over the Rainbow/What a Wonderful World, South Island, South Island takahē, South Tarawa, Southeast Asia, Southern Alps, Southern Hemisphere, Southern Ocean, Spanish language, Special Broadcasting Service, Standard Chinese, Statistics New Zealand, Statute of Westminster 1931, Steel guitar, Strait of Malacca, Subsistence agriculture, Subtropics, Sugar, Sugarcane, Sunday roast, Survivor (U.S. TV series), Survivor: Vanuatu, Suva, Sweet potato, Sydney, Sydney Harbour Bridge, Sydney New Year's Eve, Sydney Opera House, Synchronization, Tahiti, Tahitian language, Tahitians, Tahuata, Taiwan, Taiwanese indigenous peoples, Tamarillo, Tanimbar Islands, Tanna (island), Tapa cloth, Tasman Sea, Tasmania, Tasmanian devil, Tattoo, Te Ara: The Encyclopedia of New Zealand, Tectonic uplift, Temperate climate, Terra Australis, Territory, Territory of Hawaii, Territory of Papua, The Chronicles of Narnia (film series), The Economist, The Heritage Foundation, The Hobbit (film series), The Last Samurai, The Lord of the Rings (film series), The Story of the Kelly Gang, The Twelve Apostles (Victoria), Thomas Gilbert (sea captain), Tok Pisin, Tokelau, Tokelauan language, Tonga, Tongan language, Torres Strait, Torres Strait Islanders, Tourism, Tourism in Australia, Tourism in Hawaii, Tourism in New Zealand, Tourism New Zealand, Trans–New Guinea languages, Treaty of Waitangi, Tripartite Convention, Tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests, Tropical climate, Tropical cyclone basins, Tropical rainforest, Tropical savanna climate, Tropical vegetation, Tropics, Tuamotus, Tuatara, Tuatua, Tui (bird), Tuvalu, Tuvaluan language, Typhoon, U.S. state, Uluru, Uncodified constitution, Uncontacted peoples, UNESCO, UNESCO Courier, United Kingdom, United Nations geoscheme, United Nations geoscheme for Oceania, United States, United States home front during World War II, University of the South Pacific, Upper Paleolithic, Urban area, UTC+14:00, UTC−11:00, Van Diemen's Land, Vanuatu, Victoria (Australia), Volcano, Waitangi Day, Wake Island, Wallacea, Wallis and Futuna, Wallisian language, Walls of Jerusalem National Park, Warner Bros. Movie World, Wellington, West Antarctica, West Coast, New Zealand, West Coast, Tasmania, West Papua (province), Western culture, Western Hemisphere, Western New Guinea, Wet season, Whaling, Whitebait, Willem Janszoon, William Bligh, Wood carving, World War II, Wren, Writing system, Yaohnanen, Yap, Yaren District, Yellowhead (bird), Zealandia, Zinc, 1938 British Empire Games, 1950 British Empire Games, 1956 Summer Olympics, 1962 British Empire and Commonwealth Games, 1974 British Commonwealth Games, 1982 Commonwealth Games, 1990 Commonwealth Games, 2000 Summer Olympics, 2006 Commonwealth Games, 2010 FIFA World Cup, 2014 FIFA World Cup, 2018 Commonwealth Games, 28th parallel north, 2nd millennium BC, 55th parallel south. Expand index (748 more) » « Shrink index
Abel Janszoon Tasman (1603 – 10 October 1659) was a Dutch seafarer, explorer, and merchant, best known for his voyages of 1642 and 1644 in the service of the Dutch East India Company (VOC).
Aboriginal Australians are legally defined as people who are members "of the Aboriginal race of Australia" (indigenous to mainland Australia or to the island of Tasmania).
Acacia, commonly known as the wattles or acacias, is a large genus of shrubs and trees in the subfamily Mimosoideae of the pea family Fabaceae.
Acanthiza is a genus of passeriform birds, most endemic to Australia, but with two species (A. murina and A. cinerea) restricted to New Guinea.
Baron Ivan Fyodorovich Kruzenshtern (Ива́н Фёдорович Крузенште́рн; 10 October 177012 August 1846), born as Adam Johann Ritter von Krusenstern, was a Russian admiral and explorer of Baltic German descent, who led the first Russian circumnavigation of the globe.
Adamstown is the only settlement on, and as such, the capital of, the Pitcairn Islands.
Adelaide is the capital city of the state of South Australia, and the fifth-most populous city of Australia.
The Admiralty Islands are an archipelago group of 18 islands in the Bismarck Archipelago, to the north of New Guinea in the South Pacific Ocean.
Advice, in constitutional law, is formal, usually binding, instruction given by one constitutional officer of state to another.
Agnosticism is the view that the existence of God, of the divine or the supernatural is unknown or unknowable.
Ahmadiyya (officially, the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community or the Ahmadiyya Muslim Jama'at; الجماعة الإسلامية الأحمدية, transliterated: al-Jamā'ah al-Islāmiyyah al-Aḥmadiyyah; احمدیہ مسلم جماعت) is an Islamic religious movement founded in Punjab, British India, in the late 19th century.
The Aleutian Islands (Tanam Unangaa, literally "Land of the Aleuts", possibly from Chukchi aliat, "island") are a chain of 14 large volcanic islands and 55 smaller ones belonging to both the U.S. state of Alaska and the Russian federal subject of Kamchatka Krai.
The Allies of World War II, called the United Nations from the 1 January 1942 declaration, were the countries that together opposed the Axis powers during the Second World War (1939–1945).
Alofi is the capital of the Pacific Ocean island nation of Niue.
Toribio Alonso de Salazar, born in Biscay, was a Spanish navigator of Basque origin, who discovered the Marshall Islands on August 21, 1526.
American Samoa (Amerika Sāmoa,; also Amelika Sāmoa or Sāmoa Amelika) is an unincorporated territory of the United States located in the South Pacific Ocean, southeast of Samoa.
The American Statistical Association (ASA) is the main professional organization for statisticians and related professionals in the United States.
An amusement park is a park that features various attractions, such as rides and games, as well as other events for entertainment purposes.
Anglo-Celtic citizens are those of British or English and Celtic descent.
Animism (from Latin anima, "breath, spirit, life") is the religious belief that objects, places and creatures all possess a distinct spiritual essence.
Antarctica is Earth's southernmost continent.
An anthropologist is a person engaged in the practice of anthropology.
Anzac Day is a national day of remembrance in Australia and New Zealand that broadly commemorates all Australians and New Zealanders "who served and died in all wars, conflicts, and peacekeeping operations" and "the contribution and suffering of all those who have served".
Aoraki / Mount Cook is the highest mountain in New Zealand.
Apia is the capital and the largest city of Samoa.
Archaeology, or archeology, is the study of humanactivity through the recovery and analysis of material culture.
The Arecaceae are a botanical family of perennial trees, climbers, shrubs, and acaules commonly known as palm trees (owing to historical usage, the family is alternatively called Palmae).
A region is arid when it is characterized by a severe lack of available water, to the extent of hindering or preventing the growth and development of plant and animal life.
Artamidae is a family of passerine birds found in Australia, the Indo-Pacific region, and Southern Asia.
The Territory of Ashmore and Cartier Islands is an uninhabited external territory of Australia consisting of four low-lying tropical islands in two separate reefs, and the 12 nautical mile territorial sea generated by the islands.
Asia-Pacific or Asia Pacific (abbreviated as APAC, Asia-Pac, AsPac, APJ, JAPA or JAPAC) is the part of the world in or near the Western Pacific Ocean.
Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) is a forum for 21 Pacific Rim member economies.
Asian Australians are Australians of Asian ancestry.
The Asian Football Confederation (AFC) is the governing body of association football in Asia and Australia.
Asian people or Asiatic peopleUnited States National Library of Medicine.
Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a team sport played between two teams of eleven players with a spherical ball.
An asylum seeker (also rarely called an asylee) is a person who flees his or her home country, 'spontaneously' enters another country and applies for asylum, i.e. the right to international protection, in this other country.
Atheism is, in the broadest sense, the absence of belief in the existence of deities.
The attack on Pearl Harbor was a surprise military strike by the Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service against the United States naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii Territory, on the morning of December 7, 1941.
Auckland is a city in New Zealand's North Island.
Auguste Febvrier-Despointes (1796 – 5 March 1855) was a French counter admiral.
The Tuha'a Pae, or Austral Islands (Îles Australes or Archipel des Australes), are the southernmost group of islands in French Polynesia, an overseas collectivity of France in the South Pacific.
Australasia, a region of Oceania, comprises Australia, New Zealand, neighbouring islands in the Pacific Ocean and, sometimes, the island of New Guinea (which is usually considered to be part of Melanesia).
The Australasian realm is a biogeographic realm that is coincident, but not synonymous (by some definitions), with the geographical region of Australasia.
The bird family Petroicidae includes roughly 45 species in about 15 genera.
There are 7 species of Australasian treecreeper in the passerine bird family Climacteridae.
Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands.
The continent of Australia, sometimes known in technical contexts by the names Sahul, Australinea or Meganesia to distinguish it from the country of Australia, consists of the land masses which sit on Australia's continental shelf.
The Australian national soccer team represents Australia in international men's soccer.
The Australian Aboriginal languages consist of around 290–363 languages belonging to an estimated twenty-eight language families and isolates, spoken by Aboriginal Australians of mainland Australia and a few nearby islands.
The Australian Broadcasting Corporation (ABC) founded in 1929 is Australia's national broadcaster, funded by the Australian Federal Government but specifically independent of Government and politics in the Commonwealth.
The Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) is the independent statistical agency of the Government of Australia.
The Australian Capital Territory (ACT; known as the Federal Capital Territory until 1938) is Australia's federal district, located in the south-east of the country and enclaved within the state of New South Wales.
The Australian Defence Force (ADF) is the military organisation responsible for the defence of Australia.
Australian Geographic is a media business that produces the Australian Geographic magazine, DMag magazine, specialist book titles, travel guides, diaries and calendars and online media.
The Australian Labor Party (ALP, also Labor, was Labour before 1912) is a political party in Australia.
The Australian magpie (Gymnorhina tibicen) is a medium-sized black and white passerine bird native to Australia and southern New Guinea.
The Australian Museum is the oldest museum in Australia, with an international reputation in the fields of natural history and anthropology.
The Australian Plate is a major tectonic plate in the eastern and, largely, southern hemispheres.
The Australian raven (Corvus coronoides) is a passerine bird in the genus Corvus native to much of southern and northeastern Australia.
Australian rules football, officially known as Australian football, or simply called Aussie rules, football or footy, is a contact sport played between two teams of eighteen players on an oval-shaped field, often a modified cricket ground.
The Australian Securities Exchange (ASX, sometimes referred to outside Australia as the Sydney Stock Exchange) is Australia's primary securities exchange.
The Austronesian languages are a language family that is widely dispersed throughout Maritime Southeast Asia, Madagascar and the islands of the Pacific Ocean, with a few members in continental Asia.
The Austronesian peoples are various groups in Southeast Asia, Oceania and East Africa that speak languages that are under the Austronesian language super-family.
A substantial car industry was created in Australia in the 20th century through the opening of Australian plants by international manufacturers.
Avarua (meaning "Two Harbours" in Cook Islands Māori) is a town and district in the north of the island of Rarotonga, and is the national capital of the Cook Islands.
Avatar, marketed as James Cameron's Avatar, is a 2009 American epic science fiction film directed, written, produced, and co-edited by James Cameron, and stars Sam Worthington, Zoe Saldana, Stephen Lang, Michelle Rodriguez, and Sigourney Weaver.
The Axis powers (Achsenmächte; Potenze dell'Asse; 枢軸国 Sūjikukoku), also known as the Axis and the Rome–Berlin–Tokyo Axis, were the nations that fought in World War II against the Allied forces.
A ʻie tōga is a special finely woven mat that an important item of cultural value in Sāmoa.
Babeldaob (also Babelthuap) is the largest island in the island nation of the Republic of Palau.
The Bahá'í Faith (بهائی) is a religion teaching the essential worth of all religions, and the unity and equality of all people.
A Bahá'í House of Worship, sometimes referred to by the name of mašriqu-l-'aḏkār (مشرق اﻻذكار), an Arabic phrase meaning "Dawning-place of the remembrances of God", is the designation of a place of worship, or temple, of the Bahá'í Faith.
Baker Island is an uninhabited atoll located just north of the equator in the central Pacific Ocean about southwest of Honolulu.
Banaba Island (also Ocean Island), an island in the Pacific Ocean, is a solitary raised coral island west of the Gilbert Island chain and east of Nauru.
Banksia, commonly known as Australian honeysuckles, are a genus of around 170 species in the plant family Proteaceae.
The Battle of Bita Paka (11 September 1914) was fought south of Kabakaul, on the island of New Britain, and was a part of the invasion and subsequent occupation of German New Guinea by the Australian Naval and Military Expeditionary Force (AN&MEF) shortly after the outbreak of the First World War.
The Second Battle of Guam (21 July – 10 August 1944) was the American recapture of the Japanese-held island of Guam, a U.S. territory in the Mariana Islands captured by the Japanese from the U.S. in the 1941 First Battle of Guam during the Pacific campaign of World War II.
The Battle of the Coral Sea, fought from 4 to 8 May 1942, was a major naval battle between the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) and naval and air forces from the United States and Australia, taking place in the Pacific Theatre of World War II.
Bawley Point is a small coastal hamlet in New South Wales, Australia, in the Shoalhaven with a population of 698 people at the.
The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) is a British public service broadcaster.
Beef is the culinary name for meat from cattle, particularly skeletal muscle.
A biogeographic realm or ecozone is the broadest biogeographic division of the Earth's land surface, based on distributional patterns of terrestrial organisms.
Bird vocalization includes both bird calls and bird songs.
The birds-of-paradise are members of the family Paradisaeidae of the order Passeriformes.
Bislama (also known under its earlier name in French bichelamar) is a creole language, one of the official languages of Vanuatu.
The Bismarck Archipelago is a group of islands off the northeastern coast of New Guinea in the western Pacific Ocean and is part of the Islands Region of Papua New Guinea.
The Bombing of Darwin, also known as the Battle of Darwin, on 19 February 1942 was the largest single attack ever mounted by a foreign power on Australia.
The Bonin Islands, also known as the, are an archipelago of over 30 subtropical and tropical islands, some directly south of Tokyo, Japan.
The Borneo campaign of 1945 was the last major Allied campaign in the South West Pacific Area during World War II.
Botany Bay, an open oceanic embayment, is located in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, south of the Sydney central business district.
Bougainville Island is the main island of the Autonomous Region of Bougainville of Papua New Guinea.
Bowerbirds make up the bird family Ptilonorhynchidae.
The Brigalow Belt is a wide band of acacia wooded grassland that runs between tropical rainforest of the coast and the semi-arid interior of Queensland, Australia.
Brisbane is the capital of and most populous city in the Australian state of Queensland, and the third most populous city in Australia.
British cuisine is the set of cooking traditions and practices associated with the United Kingdom.
The British Empire comprised the dominions, colonies, protectorates, mandates and other territories ruled or administered by the United Kingdom and its predecessor states.
The brown goshawk (Accipiter fasciatus) is a medium-sized bird of prey in the family Accipitridae found in Australia and surrounding islands.
The brown noddy or common noddy (Anous stolidus) is a seabird in the family Laridae.
The brown tree snake (Boiga irregularis) is an arboreal rear-fanged colubrid snake native to eastern and northern coastal Australia, eastern Indonesia (Sulawesi to Papua), Papua New Guinea, and a large number of islands in northwestern Melanesia.
The Brush Island is a continental island, contained within the Brush Island Nature Reserve, a protected nature reserve, that is located off the south coast of New South Wales, Australia.
Buddhism is the world's fourth-largest religion with over 520 million followers, or over 7% of the global population, known as Buddhists.
Bush tucker, also called bushfood, is any food native to Australia and used as sustenance by the original inhabitants, the Aboriginal Australians, but it can also describe any native fauna or flora used for culinary and/or medicinal purposes, regardless of the continent or culture.
Butcherbirds are magpie-like birds, most found in the genus Cracticus, but the black butcherbird is placed in the monotypic genus Melloria.
Cambridge University Press (CUP) is the publishing business of the University of Cambridge.
The Campbell Islands (or Campbell Island group) are a group of subantarctic islands, belonging to New Zealand.
Canberra is the capital city of Australia.
The Cantonese language is a variety of Chinese spoken in the city of Guangzhou (historically known as Canton) and its surrounding area in southeastern China.
Cape York Peninsula is a large remote peninsula located in Far North Queensland, Australia.
A capital city (or simply capital) is the municipality exercising primary status in a country, state, province, or other administrative region, usually as its seat of government.
The cardinal myzomela (Myzomela cardinalis) is a species of bird in the honeyeater family.
The Caroline Islands (or the Carolines) are a widely scattered archipelago of tiny islands in the southwestern Pacific Ocean, to the north of New Guinea.
Carolinian is an Austronesian language originating in Caroline Islands, but spoken in the Northern Mariana Islands, where it is an official language along with English, by the Carolinian people.
Australian Celebrity Survivor (also known as Celebrity Survivor: Vanuatu) is the second season of Australian Survivor, based on the popular reality game show Survivor.
Central Otago is an informal name for the inland part of the Otago region in the South Island of New Zealand.
Centre-left politics or center-left politics (American English), also referred to as moderate-left politics, is an adherence to views leaning to the left-wing, but closer to the centre on the left–right political spectrum than other left-wing variants.
Centre-right politics or center-right politics (American English), also referred to as moderate-right politics, are politics that lean to the right of the left–right political spectrum, but are closer to the centre than other right-wing variants.
Chamorro (Finu' Chamoru) is an Austronesian language spoken by about 58,000 people (about 25,800 people on Guam and about 32,200 in the Northern Mariana Islands and the rest of the United States).
The Chamorro people (/tʃɑˈmɔroʊ/) are the indigenous people of the Mariana Islands; politically divided between the United States territory of Guam and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands in Micronesia.
Chavacano or Chabacano refers to a number of Spanish-based creole language varieties spoken in the Philippines.
The Chiko Roll is an Australian savoury snack invented by Frank McEncroe, inspired by the Chinese spring roll and first sold in 1951 as the "Chicken Roll" despite not actually containing chicken.
Chile, officially the Republic of Chile, is a South American country occupying a long, narrow strip of land between the Andes to the east and the Pacific Ocean to the west.
Chinese cuisine is an important part of Chinese culture, which includes cuisine originating from the diverse regions of China, as well as from Chinese people in other parts of the world.
Chinese people are the various individuals or ethnic groups associated with China, usually through ancestry, ethnicity, nationality, citizenship or other affiliation.
Christchurch (Ōtautahi) is the largest city in the South Island of New Zealand and the seat of the Canterbury Region.
A Christian is a person who follows or adheres to Christianity, an Abrahamic, monotheistic religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus Christ.
ChristianityFrom Ancient Greek Χριστός Khristós (Latinized as Christus), translating Hebrew מָשִׁיחַ, Māšîăḥ, meaning "the anointed one", with the Latin suffixes -ian and -itas.
The Territory of Christmas Island is an Australian external territory comprising the island of the same name. Christmas Island is located in the Indian Ocean, around south of Java and Sumatra and around north-west of the closest point on the Australian mainland. It has an area of. Christmas Island had a population of 1,843 residents as of 2016, the majority of whom live in settlements on the northern tip of the island. The main settlement is Flying Fish Cove. Around two-thirds of the island's population is estimated to have Malaysian Chinese origin (though just 21.2% of the population declared a Chinese ancestry in 2016), with significant numbers of Malays and white Australians as well as smaller numbers of Malaysian Indians and Eurasians. Several languages are in use, including English, Malay, and various Chinese dialects. Islam and Buddhism are major religions on the island, though a vast majority of the population does not declare a formal religious affiliation and may be involved in ethnic Chinese religion. The first European to sight the island was Richard Rowe of the Thomas in 1615. The island was later named on Christmas Day (25 December) 1643 by Captain William Mynors, but only settled in the late 19th century. Its geographic isolation and history of minimal human disturbance has led to a high level of endemism among its flora and fauna, which is of interest to scientists and naturalists. The majority (63 percent) of the island is included in the Christmas Island National Park, which features several areas of primary monsoonal forest. Phosphate, deposited originally as guano, has been mined on the island since 1899.
The Australian film industry has its beginnings with the 1906 production of The Story of the Kelly Gang, the earliest feature film ever made.
The cinema of the United States, often metonymously referred to as Hollywood, has had a profound effect on the film industry in general since the early 20th century.
Clipperton Island (Île de Clipperton or Île de la Passion; Isla de la Pasión) is an uninhabited coral atoll in the eastern Pacific Ocean off the coast of Central America.
Closer Economic Relations (CER) is a free trade agreement between the governments of New Zealand and Australia.
Clothing industry or garment industry summarizes the types of trade and industry along the production and life chain of clothing and garments, starting with the textile industry (producers of cotton, wool, fur, and synthetic fibre) via fashion industry to fashion retailers up to trade with second-hand clothes and textile recycling.
The Coalition (or Liberal–National Coalition) is an alliance of centre-right political parties that forms one of the two major groupings in Australian federal politics.
A coat of arms is a heraldic visual design on an escutcheon (i.e., shield), surcoat, or tabard.
The cocoa bean, also called cacao bean, cocoa, and cacao, is the dried and fully fermented seed of Theobroma cacao, from which cocoa solids and, because of the seed's fat, cocoa butter can be extracted.
The coconut tree (Cocos nucifera) is a member of the family Arecaceae (palm family) and the only species of the genus Cocos.
The Territory of Cocos (Keeling) Islands is an Australian external territory in the Indian Ocean, comprising a small archipelago approximately midway between Australia and Sri Lanka.
Cocos Malay is a post-creolized variety of Malay, spoken by the Cocos Malays of Home Island, Christmas Island, and those originally from the Cocos Islands currently living in Sabah.
Coffee culture describes a social atmosphere or series of associated social behaviors that depends heavily upon coffee, particularly as a social lubricant.
A coffeehouse, coffee shop or café (sometimes spelt cafe) is an establishment which primarily serves hot coffee, related coffee beverages (café latte, cappuccino, espresso), tea, and other hot beverages.
Collapse: How Societies Choose to Fail or Succeed (titled Collapse: How Societies Choose to Fail or Survive for the British edition) is a 2005 book by academic and popular science author Jared Diamond, in which Diamond first defines collapse: "a drastic decrease in human population size and/or political/economic/social complexity, over a considerable area, for an extended time." He then reviews the causes of historical and pre-historical instances of societal collapse — particularly those involving significant influences from environmental changes, the effects of climate change, hostile neighbors, trade partners, and the society's response to the foregoing four challenges— and considers the success or failure different societies have had in coping with such threats.
The Colony of Fiji was a British crown colony that existed from 1874 to 1970 in the territory of the present-day nation of Fiji.
The Columbia Encyclopedia is a one-volume encyclopedia produced by Columbia University Press and in the last edition, sold by the Gale Group.
The Commonwealth Games are an international multi-sport event involving athletes from the Commonwealth of Nations.
A Commonwealth realm is a sovereign state that is a member of the Commonwealth of Nations and shares the same person, currently Queen Elizabeth II, as its head of state and reigning constitutional monarch, but retains a Crown legally distinct from the other realms.
Conrad Malte-Brun (12 August 177514 December 1826), born Malthe Conrad Bruun, and sometimes referred to simply as Malte-Brun, was a Dano-French geographer and journalist.
The Constitution of the State of Hawaiʻi refers to various legal documents throughout the history of the Hawaiian Islands that defined the fundamental principles of authority and governance within its sphere of jurisdiction.
The Constitution of New Zealand is the sum of laws and principles that make up the body politic of the realm.
A constitutional monarchy is a form of monarchy in which the sovereign exercises authority in accordance with a written or unwritten constitution.
The Cook Islands (Cook Islands Māori: Kūki 'Āirani) is a self-governing island country in the South Pacific Ocean in free association with New Zealand.
Cook Islands Māori is an Eastern Polynesian language.
Copra is the dried meat or kernel of the coconut, which is the fruit of the coconut palm (Cocos nucifera).
A coral island is a type of island formed from coral detritus and associated organic material.
Coral reefs are diverse underwater ecosystems held together by calcium carbonate structures secreted by corals.
The Coral Sea Islands Territory is an external territory of Australia which comprises a group of small and mostly uninhabited tropical islands and reefs in the Coral Sea, northeast of Queensland, Australia.
Corvidae is a cosmopolitan family of oscine passerine birds that contains the crows, ravens, rooks, jackdaws, jays, magpies, treepies, choughs, and nutcrackers.
Country music, also known as country and western or simply country, is a genre of popular music that originated in the southern United States in the early 1920s.
A creole language, or simply creole, is a stable natural language developed from a mixture of different languages at a fairly sudden point in time: often, a pidgin transitioned into a full, native language.
The crested pigeon (Ocyphaps lophotes) is a bird found widely throughout mainland Australia except for the far northern tropical areas.
The Cretaceous is a geologic period and system that spans 79 million years from the end of the Jurassic Period million years ago (mya) to the beginning of the Paleogene Period mya.
Cricket is a bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players each on a cricket field, at the centre of which is a rectangular pitch with a target at each end called the wicket (a set of three wooden stumps upon which two bails sit).
The Cronulla sand dunes are located on the Kurnell Peninsula in the local government area of Sutherland Shire, Sydney, New South Wales.
The cuisine of Hawaii incorporates five distinct styles of food reflecting the diverse food history of settlement and immigration in the Hawaiian Islands.
The cuisine of the United States reflects its history.
The culture of Asia encompasses the collective and diverse customs and traditions of art, architecture, music, literature, lifestyle, philosophy, politics and religion that have been practiced and maintained by the numerous ethnic groups of the continent of Asia since prehistory.
The culture of the United States of America is primarily of Western culture (European) origin and form, but is influenced by a multicultural ethos that includes African, Native American, Asian, Polynesian, and Latin American people and their cultures.
The order Dasyuromorphia (meaning "hairy tail") comprises most of the Australian carnivorous marsupials, including quolls, dunnarts, the numbat, the Tasmanian devil, and the thylacine.
Deism (or; derived from Latin "deus" meaning "god") is a philosophical belief that posits that God exists and is ultimately responsible for the creation of the universe, but does not interfere directly with the created world.
The Democratic Party is one of the two major contemporary political parties in the United States, along with the Republican Party (nicknamed the GOP for Grand Old Party).
Derris trifoliata is a plant species in the genus Derris.
Named deserts of Australia cover, or 18% of the Australian mainland.
A developed country, industrialized country, more developed country, or "more economically developed country" (MEDC), is a sovereign state that has a highly developed economy and advanced technological infrastructure relative to other less industrialized nations.
A developing country (or a low and middle income country (LMIC), less developed country, less economically developed country (LEDC), underdeveloped country) is a country with a less developed industrial base and a low Human Development Index (HDI) relative to other countries.
A dim sim is a Chinese-inspired meat and vegetable dumpling-style snack food, popular in Australia and to a lesser extent in New Zealand.
Dominions were semi-independent polities under the British Crown, constituting the British Empire, beginning with Canadian Confederation in 1867.
Dreamworld is a theme park and zoo situated on the Gold Coast in Queensland.
The dredge oyster or Bluff oyster, Ostrea chilensis, known in Chile as ostra chilena, the Chilean oyster, is a species of marine bivalve mollusc in the family Ostreidae.
The earliest migrations and expansions of archaic and modern humans across continents began 2 million years ago with the out of Africa migration of Homo erectus, followed by other archaic humans including H. heidelbergensis.
An earthquake (also known as a quake, tremor or temblor) is the shaking of the surface of the Earth, resulting from the sudden release of energy in the Earth's lithosphere that creates seismic waves.
The East Asia Summit (EAS) is a forum held annually by leaders of, initially, 16 countries in the East Asian, Southeast Asian and South Asian regions.
Easter Island (Rapa Nui, Isla de Pascua) is a Chilean island in the southeastern Pacific Ocean, at the southeasternmost point of the Polynesian Triangle in Oceania.
The Eastern Australian temperate forests, or temperate eucalypt forests, are an ecoregion of open forest on uplands starting from the east coast of New South Wales in the South Coast to southern Queensland, Australia.
The Eastern Hemisphere is a geographical term for the half of Earth which is east of the prime meridian (which crosses Greenwich, London, UK) and west of the antimeridian (which crosses the Pacific Ocean and relatively little land from pole to pole).
The eastern states of Australia are the states adjoining the east coast of Australia.
Economics is the social science that studies the production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services.
The Economist Newspaper Limited, trading as The Economist Group, is a British multinational media company headquartered in London and best known as publisher of The Economist.
The economy of Australia is one of the largest mixed-market economies in the world, with a GDP of A$1.69 trillion as of 2017.
El Niño–Southern Oscillation (ENSO) is an irregularly periodic variation in winds and sea surface temperatures over the tropical eastern Pacific Ocean, affecting climate of much of the tropics and subtropics.
New Zealand is a representative democracy.
Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary; born 21 April 1926) is Queen of the United Kingdom and the other Commonwealth realms.
The was the historical nation-state and great power that existed from the Meiji Restoration in 1868 to the enactment of the 1947 constitution of modern Japan.
The emu (Dromaius novaehollandiae) is the second-largest living bird by height, after its ratite relative, the ostrich.
An endangered species is a species which has been categorized as very likely to become extinct.
Endemism is the ecological state of a species being unique to a defined geographic location, such as an island, nation, country or other defined zone, or habitat type; organisms that are indigenous to a place are not endemic to it if they are also found elsewhere.
English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.
The ethnic groups in the Middle East refers to the various peoples that reside in West Asia and Egypt in North Africa.
Eucalyptus L'Héritier 1789 (plural eucalypti, eucalyptuses or eucalypts) is a diverse genus of flowering trees and shrubs (including a distinct group with a multiple-stem mallee growth habit) in the myrtle family, Myrtaceae.
The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of EUnum member states that are located primarily in Europe.
European exploration and settlement of Oceania began in the 16th century, starting with Portuguese settling the Moluccas and Spanish (Castilian) landings and shipwrecks in the Marianas Islands, east of the Philippines, followed by the Portuguese landing and settling temporarily (due to the monsoons) in the Tanimbar or the Aru Islands and in some of the Caroline Islands and Papua New Guinea, and several Spanish landings in the Caroline Islands and New Guinea.
An exclusive economic zone (EEZ) is a sea zone prescribed by the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea over which a state has special rights regarding the exploration and use of marine resources, including energy production from water and wind.
The executive is the organ exercising authority in and holding responsibility for the governance of a state.
Exploration is the act of searching for the purpose of discovery of information or resources.
--> Polynesians reached nearly all the Pacific islands by about 1200 AD, followed by Asian navigation in Southeast Asia and West Pacific.
An extinct in the wild (EW) species is one which has been categorized by the International Union for Conservation of Nature as only known by living members kept in captivity or as a naturalized population outside its historic range due to massive habitat loss.
Fa'a Samoa in the Samoan language means The Samoan Way, and describes the socio-political & traditional-customary way of life of the Samoan culture.
Fa'amatai is the chiefly system of Samoa, central to the organization of Samoan society.
The Fa'ataupati is a dance indigenous to the Samoans.
The Fabaceae or Leguminosae, Article 18.5 states: "The following names, of long usage, are treated as validly published:....Leguminosae (nom. alt.: Fabaceae; type: Faba Mill.);...
Fagatogo is the Downtown area of Pago Pago, the territorial capital of American Samoa.
The fairy tern (Sternula nereis) is a small tern which is native to the southwestern Pacific.
In motion picture terminology, feature length is the length of a feature film.
Federalism is the mixed or compound mode of government, combining a general government (the central or 'federal' government) with regional governments (provincial, state, cantonal, territorial or other sub-unit governments) in a single political system.
The Federated States of Micronesia (abbreviated FSM and also known simply as Micronesia) is an independent sovereign island nation and a United States associated state consisting of four states from west to east, Yap, Chuuk, Pohnpei and Kosraethat are spread across the Western Pacific Ocean.
The Festival of Pacific Arts, Pacific Arts Festival, or FESTPAC is a traveling festival hosted every four years by a different country in Oceania (map).
Fiji (Viti; Fiji Hindi: फ़िजी), officially the Republic of Fiji (Matanitu Tugalala o Viti; Fiji Hindi: फ़िजी गणराज्य), is an island country in Oceania in the South Pacific Ocean about northeast of New Zealand's North Island.
Fiji Hindi (फ़िजी हिंदी) or Fijian Hindi, known locally as "Hindustani", is an Indo-Aryan language spoken by most Fijian citizens of Indian descent, though a small number speak other languages at home.
The Fiji national rugby sevens team is one of the most popular and successful rugby sevens teams in the world.
Fijian (Na Vosa Vakaviti) is an Austronesian language of the Malayo-Polynesian family spoken by some 350,000–450,000 ethnic Fijians as a native language.
Filipino cuisine (Lutuing Pilipino/Pagkaing Pilipino) is composed of the cuisines of 144 distinct ethno-linguistic groups found throughout the Philippine archipelago.
Filipinos (Mga Pilipino) are the people who are native to, or identified with the country of the Philippines.
A film producer is a person who oversees the production of a film.
A financial centre is a location that is home to a cluster of nationally or internationally significant financial services providers such as banks, investment managers, or stock exchanges.
The First Fleet was the 11 ships that departed from Portsmouth, England, on 13 May 1787 to found the penal colony that became the first European settlement in Australia.
Fishing is the activity of trying to catch fish.
Geologically, a fjord or fiord is a long, narrow inlet with steep sides or cliffs, created by a glacier.
This is a gallery of national flags of Oceania.
A flat white is an espresso-based coffee drink consisting of espresso with microfoam (steamed milk with small, fine bubbles with a glossy or velvety consistency).
Foreign-born (also non-native) people are those born outside of their country of residence.
Forestation is the establishment of forest growth on areas that either had forest or lacked it naturally.
France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.
Frank Harary (March 11, 1921 – January 4, 2005) was an American mathematician, who specialized in graph theory.
French (le français or la langue française) is a Romance language of the Indo-European family.
French nationality law is historically based on the principles of jus soli (Latin for "right of soil"), according to Ernest Renan's definition, in opposition to the German definition of nationality, jus sanguinis (Latin for "right of blood"), formalized by Johann Gottlieb Fichte.
French Polynesia (Polynésie française; Pōrīnetia Farāni) is an overseas collectivity of the French Republic; collectivité d'outre-mer de la République française (COM), sometimes unofficially referred to as an overseas country; pays d'outre-mer (POM).
Funafuti is an atoll on which the capital of the island nation of Tuvalu is located.
Futunan or Futunian is the Polynesian language spoken on Futuna (and Alofi).
The Galápagos Islands (official name: Archipiélago de Colón, other Spanish name: Las Islas Galápagos), part of the Republic of Ecuador, are an archipelago of volcanic islands distributed on either side of the equator in the Pacific Ocean surrounding the centre of the Western Hemisphere, west of continental Ecuador.
The Gambier Islands are a populated (1319 people), small group of islands, remnants of a caldera along with islets on the surrounding fringing reef, in French Polynesia, located at the southeast terminus of the Tuamotu archipelago.
Genetics is the study of genes, genetic variation, and heredity in living organisms.
Taiwan, formerly known as Formosa, is an island in East Asia; located some off the southeastern coast of mainland China across the Taiwan Strait.
Geology (from the Ancient Greek γῆ, gē, i.e. "earth" and -λoγία, -logia, i.e. "study of, discourse") is an earth science concerned with the solid Earth, the rocks of which it is composed, and the processes by which they change over time.
Located in a geologically active region, New Zealand has numerous geothermal features, including volcanoes, hot springs, geysers and volcanic lakes.
Geothermal gradient is the rate of increasing temperature with respect to increasing depth in the Earth's interior.
German New Guinea (Deutsch-Neuguinea) was the first part of the German colonial empire.
German Samoa (Deutsch-Samoa) was a German protectorate from 1900 to 1914, consisting of the islands of Upolu, Savai'i, Apolima and Manono, now wholly within the independent state Samoa, formerly Western Samoa.
The Gilbert Islands (Tungaru;Reilly Ridgell. Pacific Nations and Territories: The Islands of Micronesia, Melanesia, and Polynesia. 3rd. Ed. Honolulu: Bess Press, 1995. p. 95. formerly Kingsmill or King's-Mill IslandsVery often, this name applied only to the southern islands of the archipelago, the northern half being designated as the Scarborough Islands. Merriam-Webster's Geographical Dictionary. Springfield, Massachusetts: Merriam Webster, 1997. p. 594) are a chain of sixteen atolls and coral islands in the Pacific Ocean about halfway between Papua New Guinea and Hawaii.
Taetae ni Kiribati or Gilbertese, also Kiribati (sometimes Kiribatese), is a Micronesian language of the Austronesian language family.
Ginger (Zingiber officinale) is a flowering plant whose rhizome, ginger root or simply ginger, is widely used as a spice or a folk medicine.
A global city, also called world city or sometimes alpha city or world center, is a city which is a primary node in the global economic network.
The Globalization and World Cities Research Network, commonly abbreviated to GaWC, is a think tank that studies the relationships between world cities in the context of globalization.
Glottochronology (from Attic Greek γλῶττα "tongue, language" and χρóνος "time") is the part of lexicostatistics dealing with the chronological relationship between languages.
A goanna is any of several Australian monitor lizards of the genus Varanus, as well as certain species from Southeast Asia.
Gold is a chemical element with symbol Au (from aurum) and atomic number 79, making it one of the higher atomic number elements that occur naturally.
The Gold Coast is a coastal city in the Australian state of Queensland, approximately south-southeast of the state capital Brisbane and immediately north of the border with New South Wales.
Gondwana, or Gondwanaland, was a supercontinent that existed from the Neoproterozoic (about 550 million years ago) until the Carboniferous (about 320 million years ago).
The Governor-General of the Commonwealth of Australia is the representative of the Australian monarch, currently Queen Elizabeth II.
The Governor-General of New Zealand (Te Kāwana Tianara o Aotearoa) is the viceregal representative of the monarch of New Zealand, currently Queen Elizabeth II.
The governors of the Australian states are the representatives of Australia's monarch in each of Australia's six states.
The Great Barrier Reef is the world's largest coral reef system composed of over 2,900 individual reefs and 900 islands stretching for over over an area of approximately.
The city of Melbourne, Victoria is the second-largest urban area of Australia behind Sydney.
Greek (Modern Greek: ελληνικά, elliniká, "Greek", ελληνική γλώσσα, ellinikí glóssa, "Greek language") is an independent branch of the Indo-European family of languages, native to Greece and other parts of the Eastern Mediterranean and the Black Sea.
Greenland (Kalaallit Nunaat,; Grønland) is an autonomous constituent country within the Kingdom of Denmark between the Arctic and Atlantic Oceans, east of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago.
Gross domestic product (GDP) is a monetary measure of the market value of all final goods and services produced in a period (quarterly or yearly) of time.
Guam (Chamorro: Guåhån) is an unincorporated and organized territory of the United States in Micronesia in the western Pacific Ocean.
Guangzhou, also known as Canton, is the capital and most populous city of the province of Guangdong.
Guns, Germs, and Steel: The Fates of Human Societies (also titled Guns, Germs and Steel: A short history of everybody for the last 13,000 years) is a 1997 transdisciplinary non-fiction book by Jared Diamond, professor of geography and physiology at the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA).
The Gweagal (also spelt Gwiyagal) are a clan of the Tharawal (or Dharawal) tribe of Indigenous Australians, who are traditional custodians of the southern geographic areas of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.
Gyrocarpus americanus is a flowering plant in the Hernandiaceae family, with a wide pantropical distribution.
Hagåtña (formerly in English: Agana and in Spanish: Agaña), is the capital city of the United States territory of Guam.
Hanga Roa is the main town, harbour and capital of Easter Island, a province of Chile.
A haplotype is a group of genes in an organism that are inherited together from a single parent, and a haplogroup (haploid from the ἁπλούς, haploûs, "onefold, simple" and group) is a group of similar haplotypes that share a common ancestor with a single-nucleotide polymorphism mutation.
Hawaii (Hawaii) is the 50th and most recent state to have joined the United States, having received statehood on August 21, 1959.
Hawaiʻi is the largest island located in the U.S. state of Hawaii.
The Hawaii State Capitol is the official statehouse or capitol building of the U.S. state of Hawaii.
The Hawaiian crow or alalā (Corvus hawaiiensis) is a species of bird in the crow family, Corvidae, that is currently extinct in the wild, though reintroduction programs are underway.
The Hawaiian Islands (Mokupuni o Hawai‘i) are an archipelago of eight major islands, several atolls, numerous smaller islets, and seamounts in the North Pacific Ocean, extending some from the island of Hawaiokinai in the south to northernmost Kure Atoll.
The Hawaiian language (Hawaiian: Ōlelo Hawaii) is a Polynesian language that takes its name from Hawaiokinai, the largest island in the tropical North Pacific archipelago where it developed.
The Hawaiian lobelioids are a group of flowering plants in the bellflower family, Campanulaceae, all of which are endemic to the Hawaiian Islands.
Hawaiian Pidgin English (alternately Hawaiian Creole English or HCE, known locally as Pidgin) is an English-based creole language spoken in Hawaiʻi (L1: 600,000; L2: 400,000).
The Hawaiian–Emperor seamount chain is a mostly undersea mountain range in the Pacific Ocean that reaches above sea level in Hawaii.
A head of government (or chief of government) is a generic term used for either the highest or second highest official in the executive branch of a sovereign state, a federated state, or a self-governing colony, (commonly referred to as countries, nations or nation-states) who often presides over a cabinet, a group of ministers or secretaries who lead executive departments.
A head of state (or chief of state) is the public persona that officially represents the national unity and legitimacy of a sovereign state.
Heinemann is a publisher of professional resources and a provider of educational services established in 1978 in Portsmouth, New Hampshire, as a U.S. subsidiary of Heinemann UK.
In geology (and sometimes in archaeology), a high island or volcanic island is an island of volcanic origin.
Hindi (Devanagari: हिन्दी, IAST: Hindī), or Modern Standard Hindi (Devanagari: मानक हिन्दी, IAST: Mānak Hindī) is a standardised and Sanskritised register of the Hindustani language.
Hinduism is an Indian religion and dharma, or a way of life, widely practised in the Indian subcontinent.
Hip hop music, also called hip-hopMerriam-Webster Dictionary entry on hip-hop, retrieved from: A subculture especially of inner-city black youths who are typically devotees of rap music; the stylized rhythmic music that commonly accompanies rap; also rap together with this music.
Hippocrene Books is an independent US publishing press located at 171 Madison Avenue, New York City, NY 10016.
Hiri Motu, also known as Police Motu, Pidgin Motu, or just Hiri, is an official language of Papua New Guinea.
The history of New Zealand dates back at least 700 years to when it was discovered and settled by Polynesians, who developed a distinct Māori culture centred on kinship links and land.
The honeyeaters are a large and diverse family, Meliphagidae, of small to medium-sized birds.
Honiara is the capital city of the Solomon Islands, situated on the northwestern coast of Guadalcanal.
Honolulu is the capital and largest city of the U.S. state of Hawaiokinai.
In geology, the places known as hotspots or hot spots are volcanic regions thought to be fed by underlying mantle that is anomalously hot compared with the surrounding mantle.
Hotu Matu'a was the legendary first settler and ariki mau ("supreme chief" or "king") of Easter Island and ancestor of the Rapa Nui people.
Howland Island is an uninhabited coral island located just north of the equator in the central Pacific Ocean, about southwest of Honolulu.
The Human Development Index (HDI) is a composite statistic (composite index) of life expectancy, education, and per capita income indicators, which are used to rank countries into four tiers of human development.
A humid subtropical climate is a zone of climate characterized by hot and humid summers, and mild to cool winters.
The Hutchinson Encyclopedia is an English-language general encyclopedia.
An ice age is a period of long-term reduction in the temperature of Earth's surface and atmosphere, resulting in the presence or expansion of continental and polar ice sheets and alpine glaciers.
Immigration is the international movement of people into a destination country of which they are not natives or where they do not possess citizenship in order to settle or reside there, especially as permanent residents or naturalized citizens, or to take up employment as a migrant worker or temporarily as a foreign worker.
The was part of the Supreme War Council and was established in 1893 to coordinate efforts between the Imperial Japanese Army and Imperial Japanese Navy during wartime.
The Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN; Kyūjitai: 大日本帝國海軍 Shinjitai: 大日本帝国海軍 or 日本海軍 Nippon Kaigun, "Navy of the Greater Japanese Empire") was the navy of the Empire of Japan from 1868 until 1945, when it was dissolved following Japan's defeat and surrender in World War II.
The Indian Ocean is the third largest of the world's oceanic divisions, covering (approximately 20% of the water on the Earth's surface).
Indigenous Australians are the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people of Australia, descended from groups that existed in Australia and surrounding islands prior to British colonisation.
The Indo-Australian Plate is a major tectonic plate that includes the continent of Australia and surrounding ocean, and extends northwest to include the Indian subcontinent and adjacent waters.
Indonesia (or; Indonesian), officially the Republic of Indonesia (Republik Indonesia), is a transcontinental unitary sovereign state located mainly in Southeast Asia, with some territories in Oceania.
Industry is the production of goods or related services within an economy.
The International Date Line (IDL) is an imaginary line of demarcation on the surface of Earth that runs from the North Pole to the South Pole and demarcates the change of one calendar day to the next.
The International Olympic Committee (IOC; French: Comité International Olympique, CIO) is a Swiss private non-governmental organisation based in Lausanne, Switzerland, which is the authority responsible for the modern Olympic Games.
The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN; officially International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources) is an international organization working in the field of nature conservation and sustainable use of natural resources.
Interracial marriage is a form of marriage outside a specific social group (exogamy) involving spouses who belong to different socially-defined races or racialized ethnicities.
Irreligion (adjective form: non-religious or irreligious) is the absence, indifference, rejection of, or hostility towards religion.
Sir Isaac Alfred Isaacs (6 August 1855 – 11 February 1948) was an Australian lawyer, politician, and judge who served as the ninth Governor-General of Australia, in office from 1931 to 1936.
Isla Salas y Gómez, also known as Isla Sala y Gómez, is a small uninhabited Chilean island in the Pacific Ocean.
IslamThere are ten pronunciations of Islam in English, differing in whether the first or second syllable has the stress, whether the s is or, and whether the a is pronounced, or (when the stress is on the first syllable) (Merriam Webster).
Island Melanesia is a sub-region of Melanesia in Oceania.
ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 codes are two-letter country codes defined in ISO 3166-1, part of the ISO 3166 standard published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), to represent countries, dependent territories, and special areas of geographical interest.
Israel Kaʻanoʻi Kamakawiwoʻole (translation: "The Fearless Eyed Man"; May 20, 1959 – June 26, 1997), also called Braddah Iz (Brother Iz), was a Native Hawaiian musician, entertainer and Hawaiian sovereignty activist.
The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (also known as the IUCN Red List or Red Data List), founded in 1964, has evolved to become the world's most comprehensive inventory of the global conservation status of biological species.
Jainism, traditionally known as Jain Dharma, is an ancient Indian religion.
Captain James Cook (7 November 1728Old style date: 27 October14 February 1779) was a British explorer, navigator, cartographer, and captain in the Royal Navy.
Japan (日本; Nippon or Nihon; formally 日本国 or Nihon-koku, lit. "State of Japan") is a sovereign island country in East Asia.
The (JSDF), occasionally referred to as the Japan Defense Forces (JDF), Self-Defense Forces (SDF), or Japanese Armed Forces, are the unified military forces of Japan that were established in 1954, and are controlled by the Ministry of Defense.
The is the group of islands that forms the country of Japan, and extends roughly from northeast to southwest along the northeastern coast of the Eurasia mainland, washing upon the northwestern shores of the Pacific Ocean.
Japanese cuisine encompasses the regional and traditional foods of Japan, which have developed through centuries of social and economic changes.
Jared Mason Diamond (born September 10, 1937) is an American ecologist, geographer, biologist, anthropologist and author best known for his popular science books The Third Chimpanzee (1991); Guns, Germs, and Steel (1997, awarded a Pulitzer Prize); Collapse (2005); and The World Until Yesterday (2012).
Jarvis Island (formerly known as Bunker Island, or Bunker's Shoal) is an uninhabited coral island located in the South Pacific Ocean at, about halfway between Hawaii and the Cook Islands.
Jayapura (Kota Jayapura); is the provincial capital of Papua, Indonesia.
Captain John Marshall (Jo̧o̧n M̧ajeļ) (26 February 1748 NS (15 February 1747 OS) – 1819) was a British explorer of the Pacific.
Johnston Atoll, also known as Kalama Atoll to Native Hawaiians, is an unincorporated territory of the United States currently administered by the United States Fish and Wildlife Service.
The Journal of World History is a peer-reviewed academic journal that presents historical analysis from a global point of view, focusing especially on forces that cross the boundaries of cultures and civilizations, including large-scale population movements, economic fluctuations, transfers of technology, the spread of infectious diseases, long-distance trade, and the spread of religious faiths, ideas, and values.
The Juan Fernández Islands (Archipiélago Juan Fernández) are a sparsely inhabited island group reliant on tourism and fishing in the South Pacific Ocean.
Judaism (originally from Hebrew, Yehudah, "Judah"; via Latin and Greek) is the religion of the Jewish people.
The kakapo (Māori: kākāpō) or night parrot, also called owl parrot (Strigops habroptila), is a species of large, flightless, nocturnal, ground-dwelling parrot of the super-family Strigopoidea, endemic to New Zealand.
The kangaroo is a marsupial from the family Macropodidae (macropods, meaning "large foot").
Kangaroo Island is Australia's third-largest island, after Tasmania and Melville Island.
Kapa is a fabric made by native Hawaiians from the bast fibres of certain species of trees and shrubs in the orders Rosales and Malvales.
Kapa haka is the term for Māori performing arts and literally means to form a line (kapa) and dance (haka).
The Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification systems.
The kea (Nestor notabilis) is a large species of parrot in the family Nestoridae found in forested and alpine regions of the South Island of New Zealand.
The Kermadec Islands (Rangitāhua in Māori) are a subtropical island arc in the South Pacific Ocean northeast of New Zealand's North Island, and a similar distance southwest of Tonga.
King, or King Regnant is the title given to a male monarch in a variety of contexts.
King Kong is a 2005 epic monster adventure film co-written, produced, and directed by Peter Jackson.
Kingfishers or Alcedinidae are a family of small to medium-sized, brightly colored birds in the order Coraciiformes.
Kingman Reef is a largely submerged, uninhabited triangular shaped reef, east-west and north-south, located in the North Pacific Ocean, roughly halfway between the Hawaiian Islands and American Samoa at.
Kingston (Norf'k laengwij Daun TaunBuffett, Alice Inez, Speak Norfolk Today: An Encyclopedia of the Norfolk Island language, Himii Publishing, Norfolk Island 1999: 24) is the capital of the Australian South Pacific Territory of Norfolk Island.
Kiribati, officially the Republic of Kiribati (Gilbertese: Ribaberiki Kiribati),.
KITV, virtual channel 4 (UHF digital channel 40), is an ABC-affiliated television station licensed to Honolulu, Hawaii, United States.
Kiwi or kiwis are flightless birds native to New Zealand, in the genus Apteryx and family Apterygidae.
Kiwifruit (often abbreviated as kiwi), or Chinese gooseberry is the edible berry of several species of woody vines in the genus Actinidia.
The koala (Phascolarctos cinereus, or, inaccurately, koala bear) is an arboreal herbivorous marsupial native to Australia.
The Kokoda Track campaign or Kokoda Trail campaign was part of the Pacific War of World War II.
Korean cuisine has evolved through centuries of social and political change.
Korean immigration to Hawaii has been constant since the early 20th century.
Koror is the state comprising the main commercial centre of the Republic of Palau.
The Lake Mungo remains are three prominent sets of Aboriginal Australian human remains: Lake Mungo 1 (also called Mungo Woman, LM1, and ANU-618), Lake Mungo 3 (also called Mungo Man, Lake Mungo III, and LM3), and Lake Mungo 2 (LM2).
Lamb, hogget, and mutton are the meat of domestic sheep (species Ovis aries) at different ages.
A land bridge, in biogeography, is an isthmus or wider land connection between otherwise separate areas, over which animals and plants are able to cross and colonise new lands.
A language family is a group of languages related through descent from a common ancestral language or parental language, called the proto-language of that family.
LOTE or Languages Other Than English is the name given to language subjects, other than English, at Australian, New York, and other schools.
The Lapita culture was a prehistoric Pacific Ocean people who flourished in the Pacific Islands from about 1600 BCE to about 500 BCE.
The Late Cretaceous (100.5–66 Ma) is the younger of two epochs into which the Cretaceous period is divided in the geologic timescale.
Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.
A latte stone, or simply latte (also latde or latti), is a pillar (Chamorro language: haligi) capped by a hemispherical stone capital (tasa) with the flat side facing up.
The laughing kookaburra (Dacelo novaeguineae) is a bird in the kingfisher subfamily Halcyoninae.
Lead is a chemical element with symbol Pb (from the Latin plumbum) and atomic number 82.
The post of Leader of the Opposition is a political office common in countries that are part of the Commonwealth of Nations.
The Least Developed Countries (LDCs) is a list of developing countries that, according to the United Nations, exhibit the lowest indicators of socioeconomic development, with the lowest Human Development Index ratings of all countries in the world.
The Legislative Assembly is the Parliament of Samoa based in the capital, Apia, where the country's central administration is situated.
A legislature is a deliberative assembly with the authority to make laws for a political entity such as a country or city.
A lek, from the Swedish word for "play", is an aggregation of male animals gathered to engage in competitive displays, lekking, to entice visiting females which are surveying prospective partners for copulation.
The Liberal Party of Australia is a major centre-right political party in Australia, one of the two major parties in Australian politics, along with the centre-left Australian Labor Party (ALP).
The Lieutenant Governor of Hawaii, concurrently the Secretary of State of Hawaii, is the assistant chief executive of that U.S. state and its various agencies and departments, as provided in the Hawaiokinai State Constitution Article V, Sections 2 though 6.
Linguistics is the scientific study of language, and involves an analysis of language form, language meaning, and language in context.
This article includes a list of continents of the world sorted by their gross domestic product (GDP), the market value of all final goods and services from a continent in a given year.
This is a list of all major continents' population.
This is a list of the world's countries and their dependent territories by area, ranked by total area.
This is a list of countries and dependent territories by population.
This is a list of countries and dependent territories ranked by population density, measured by the number of human inhabitants per square kilometer.
Gross domestic product (GDP) is the market value of all final goods and services from a nation in a given year.
This article includes a list of countries by their forecasted estimated gross domestic product based on purchasing power parity, abbreviated GDP (PPP).
Three lists of countries below calculate gross domestic product (at purchasing power parity) per capita, i.e., the purchasing power parity (PPP) value of all final goods and services produced within a country in a given year, divided by the average (or mid-year) population for the same year.
Fiji first became a unified nation in 1871, when Seru Epenisa Cakobau united what had been a patchwork of warring fiefdoms.
This list of largest art museums in the world ranks art museums and other museums that contain mostly pieces of art by the best available estimates of total exhibition space.
This is a list of national animals.
These are lists of countries by foreign-born population (immigrants) and lists of countries by number native-born persons living in a foreign country (emigrants).
This is a list of sovereign states and dependent territories in Oceania.
This is a list of active stock exchanges in Oceania.
This is a list of countries located on more than one continent, known as transcontinental states or intercontinental states.
This is a list of cities in Oceania by country.
Loughborough University (abbreviated as Lough for post-nominals) is a public research university in the market town of Loughborough, Leicestershire, in the East Midlands of England.
Luís Vaz de Torres (Galician and Portuguese), or Luis Váez de Torres in the Spanish spelling (born c. 1565; fl. 1607), was a 16th- and 17th-century maritime explorer of a Spanish expedition noted for the first recorded European navigation of the strait which separates the continent of Australia from the island of New Guinea, and which now bears his name (Torres Strait).
Lumber (American English; used only in North America) or timber (used in the rest of the English speaking world) is a type of wood that has been processed into beams and planks, a stage in the process of wood production.
A lyrebird is either of two species of ground-dwelling Australian birds that compose the genus Menura, and the family Menuridae.
Macquarie Island, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, lies in the southwest Pacific Ocean, about halfway between New Zealand and Antarctica, at 54° 30' S, 158° 57' E.
Macropods are marsupials belonging to the family Macropodidae, the kangaroo family, which includes kangaroos, wallabies, tree-kangaroos, wallaroos, pademelons, quokkas, and several others.
Madagascar (Madagasikara), officially the Republic of Madagascar (Repoblikan'i Madagasikara; République de Madagascar), and previously known as the Malagasy Republic, is an island country in the Indian Ocean, off the coast of East Africa.
Mainland Australia is the main land mass of the Commonwealth of Australia excluding Tasmania and other offshore islands and external territories (such as the Australian Antarctic Territory).
Maisin (or Maisan) is a language of Papua New Guinea with both Austronesian and Papuan features.
A majority–minority or minority–majority area is a term used in the United States to refer to a jurisdiction in which one or more racial and/or ethnic minorities (relative to the whole country's population) make up a majority of the local population.
Majuro (Marshallese: Mājro) is the capital and largest city of the Republic of the Marshall Islands.
Makatea, or Mangaia-te-vai-tamae, is a raised coral atoll in the northwestern part of the Tuamotus, which is a part of the French overseas collectivity of French Polynesia.
The island of Makira (also known as San Cristobal) is the largest island of Makira-Ulawa Province in the Solomon Islands.
The Malay Archipelago (Malaysian & Indonesian: Kepulauan Melayu/Nusantara, Tagalog: Kapuluang Malay, Visayan: Kapupud-ang Malay) is the archipelago between mainland Indochina and Australia.
Malay (Bahasa Melayu بهاس ملايو) is a major language of the Austronesian family spoken in Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia and Singapore.
In addition to its classical and literary form, Malay had various regional dialects established before the rise of the Malaccan Sultanate.
The Maluku Islands or the Moluccas are an archipelago within Banda Sea, Indonesia.
Mangareva is the central and largest island of the Gambier Islands in French Polynesia.
Manokwari is a town in Indonesia and the capital of the province of West Papua, at the western end of New Guinea.
Manufacturing in Australia peaked in the 1960s at 25% of the country's gross domestic product, and has since dropped below 10%.
The Mariana Islands (also the Marianas) are a crescent-shaped archipelago comprising the summits of fifteen mostly dormant volcanic mountains in the western North Pacific Ocean, between the 12th and 21st parallels north and along the 145th meridian east.
Maritime Southeast Asia is the maritime region of Southeast Asia as opposed to mainland Southeast Asia and comprises what is now Malaysia, Brunei, Philippines, Singapore, Indonesia, and Timor Leste.
A market economy is an economic system in which the decisions regarding investment, production, and distribution are guided by the price signals created by the forces of supply and demand.
The Marquesas Islands (Îles Marquises or Archipel des Marquises or Marquises; Marquesan: Te Henua (K)enana (North Marquesan) and Te FenuaEnata (South Marquesan), both meaning "the land of men") are a group of volcanic islands in French Polynesia, an overseas collectivity of France in the southern Pacific Ocean.
The Marshall Islands, officially the Republic of the Marshall Islands (Aolepān Aorōkin M̧ajeļ), is an island country located near the equator in the Pacific Ocean, slightly west of the International Date Line.
Stick charts were made and used by the Marshallese to navigate the Pacific Ocean by canoe off the coast of the Marshall Islands.
The Marshallese language (Marshallese: new orthography Kajin M̧ajeļ or old orthography Kajin Majōl), also known as Ebon, is a Micronesian language spoken in the Marshall Islands.
Marsupials are any members of the mammalian infraclass Marsupialia.
Mata-Utu (ʻUvean: Matāutu) is the capital of Wallis and Futuna, an overseas collectivity of France.
Mauna Kea is a dormant volcano on the island of Hawaii.
Māori culture is the culture of the Māori of New Zealand (an Eastern Polynesian people) and forms a distinctive part of New Zealand culture.
Māori, also known as te reo ("the language"), is an Eastern Polynesian language spoken by the Māori people, the indigenous population of New Zealand.
The Māori are the indigenous Polynesian people of New Zealand.
A Mediterranean climate or dry summer climate is characterized by rainy winters and dry summers.
Melanesia is a subregion of Oceania extending from New Guinea island in the southwestern Pacific Ocean to the Arafura Sea, and eastward to Fiji.
Melbourne is the state capital of Victoria and the second-most populous city in Australia and Oceania.
Melekeok is a state of the Republic of Palau located on the central east coast of Babeldaob Island.
The Mercer Quality of Living Survey ranks 231 cities from Vienna to Baghdad on quality of life.
Micronesia ((); from μικρός mikrós "small" and νῆσος nêsos "island") is a subregion of Oceania, composed of thousands of small islands in the western Pacific Ocean.
Midway Atoll (also called Midway Island and Midway Islands; Hawaiian: Pihemanu Kauihelani) is a atoll in the North Pacific Ocean at.
Milford Sound / Piopiotahi is a fiord in the south west of New Zealand's South Island within Fiordland National Park, Piopiotahi (Milford Sound) Marine Reserve, and the Te Wahipounamu World Heritage site.
Australia entered World War II on 3 September 1939, following the government's acceptance of the United Kingdom's declaration of war on Nazi Germany.
The military history of the United States in World War II covers the war against Germany, Italy, Japan and starting with the 7 December 1941 attack on Pearl Harbor.
In the military of the United States, strikes and raids are a group of military operations that, alongside quite a number of others, come under the formal umbrella of military operations other than war (MOOTW).
Mining in Australia is a significant primary industry and contributor to the Australian economy.
A minority religion is a religion held by a minority of the population of a country, state, or region.
Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA or mDNA) is the DNA located in mitochondria, cellular organelles within eukaryotic cells that convert chemical energy from food into a form that cells can use, adenosine triphosphate (ATP).
Moai, or mo‘ai, are monolithic human figures carved by the Rapa Nui people on Easter Island in eastern Polynesia between the years 1250 and 1500.
Modern history, the modern period or the modern era, is the linear, global, historiographical approach to the time frame after post-classical history.
The monarchy of Australia is a form of government in which a hereditary king or queen serves as the nation's sovereign.
The monarchy of New Zealand is the constitutional system of government in which a hereditary monarch is the sovereign and head of state of New Zealand.
Monsoon is traditionally defined as a seasonal reversing wind accompanied by corresponding changes in precipitation, but is now used to describe seasonal changes in atmospheric circulation and precipitation associated with the asymmetric heating of land and sea.
The world's most liveable cities is an informal name given to any list of cities as they rank on an annual survey of living conditions.
Mount Field National Park is a national park in Tasmania, Australia, 64 km northwest of Hobart.
Mount Waialeale is a shield volcano and the second highest point on the island of Kauaokinai in the Hawaiian Islands.
A multi-party system is a system in which multiple political parties across the political spectrum run for national election, and all have the capacity to gain control of government offices, separately or in coalition.
Multiculturalism is a term with a range of meanings in the contexts of sociology, political philosophy, and in colloquial use.
Multiculturalism in Australia is today reflected by the multicultural composition of its people, its immigration policies, its prohibition on discrimination, equality before the law of all persons, as well as various cultural policies which promote diversity, such as the formation of the Special Broadcasting Service.
A museum (plural musea or museums) is an institution that cares for (conserves) a collection of artifacts and other objects of artistic, cultural, historical, or scientific importance.
The music of the United States reflects the country's multi-ethnic population through a diverse array of styles.
The mutiny on the Royal Navy vessel took place in the south Pacific on 28 April 1789.
Myrtaceae or the myrtle family is a family of dicotyledonous plants placed within the order Myrtales.
Nan Madol is an archaeological site adjacent to the eastern shore of the island of Pohnpei that was the capital of the Saudeleur Dynasty until about 1628.
Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte (born Charles-Louis Napoléon Bonaparte; 20 April 1808 – 9 January 1873) was the President of France from 1848 to 1852 and as Napoleon III the Emperor of the French from 1852 to 1870.
The National Archives of Australia is an Australian Government agency that collects, preserves and encourages access to important Australian Government records.
The National Assembly (Assemblée nationale) is the lower house of the bicameral Parliament of France under the Fifth Republic, the upper house being the Senate (Sénat).
The United States National Climatic Data Center (NCDC), previously known as the National Weather Records Center (NWRC), in Asheville, North Carolina was the world's largest active archive of weather data.
The National Gallery of Victoria, popularly known as the NGV, is an art museum in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.
National identity is one's identity or sense of belonging to one state or to one nation.
The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA; pronounced, like "Noah") is an American scientific agency within the United States Department of Commerce that focuses on the conditions of the oceans, major waterways, and the atmosphere.
The National Party of Australia (also known as The Nationals or simply, The Nats) is an Australian political party.
Native Hawaiian cuisine is based on the traditional Hawaiian foods that predate contact with Europeans and immigration from East and Southeast Asia.
Natural Resources is a soul album released by Motown girl group Martha Reeves and the Vandellas in 1970 on the Gordy (Motown) label.
Nauru (Naoero, or), officially the Republic of Nauru (Repubrikin Naoero) and formerly known as Pleasant Island, is an island country in Micronesia, a subregion of Oceania, in the Central Pacific.
The Nauru Regional Processing Centre is an offshore Australian immigration detention facility, located on the South Pacific island nation of Nauru.
The Nauruan or Nauru language (dorerin Naoero) is an Oceanic language, spoken natively by around 6,000 people in the island country of Nauru.
A naval base, navy base, or military port is a military base, where warships and naval ships are docked when they have no mission at sea or want to restock.
Near Oceania or Near Melanesia is the part of Oceania settled 35,000 years ago, comprising western Island Melanesia: the Bismarck Archipelago and the Solomon Islands archipelago.
Netball is a ball sport played by two teams of seven players.
New Caledonia (Nouvelle-Calédonie)Previously known officially as the "Territory of New Caledonia and Dependencies" (Territoire de la Nouvelle-Calédonie et dépendances), then simply as the "Territory of New Caledonia" (French: Territoire de la Nouvelle-Calédonie), the official French name is now only Nouvelle-Calédonie (Organic Law of 19 March 1999, article 222 IV — see). The French courts often continue to use the appellation Territoire de la Nouvelle-Calédonie.
New Guinea (Nugini or, more commonly known, Papua, historically, Irian) is a large island off the continent of Australia.
New South Wales (abbreviated as NSW) is a state on the east coast of:Australia.
New Zealand (Aotearoa) is a sovereign island country in the southwestern Pacific Ocean.
The New Zealand bellbird (Anthornis melanura), also known by its Māori names korimako and makomako, is a passerine bird endemic to New Zealand.
New Zealand cuisine is largely driven by local ingredients and seasonal variations.
The New Zealand Defence Force (Maori: Te Ope Kaatua o Aotearoa, "Line of Defence of New Zealand") consists of three services: the Royal New Zealand Navy; New Zealand Army; and the Royal New Zealand Air Force, and is commanded and headed by the Chief of Defence Force (CDF) the Commander-in-Chief of the NZDF is Dame Patsy Reddy, Governor-General of New Zealand, who exercises power on the advice of the Minister of Defence, Ron Mark, under the Defence Act 1990.
The New Zealand dollar (sign: $; code: NZD, also abbreviated NZ$) (Tāra o Aotearoa) is the currency and legal tender of New Zealand, the Cook Islands, Niue, the Ross Dependency, Tokelau, and a British territory, the Pitcairn Islands.
The New Zealand House of Representatives is a component of the New Zealand Parliament, along with the Sovereign (represented by the Governor-General).
The New Zealand national rugby sevens team competes in the World Rugby Sevens Series, Rugby World Cup Sevens, Summer Olympic Games and the Commonwealth Games.
The New Zealand Parliament (Pāremata Aotearoa) is the legislature of New Zealand, consisting of the Queen of New Zealand (Queen-in-Parliament) and the New Zealand House of Representatives.
Ngerulmud is the seat of government of the Republic of Palau, an island nation in the Pacific Ocean.
Nickel is a chemical element with symbol Ni and atomic number 28.
Niue (Niuean: Niuē) is an island country in the South Pacific Ocean, northeast of New Zealand, east of Tonga, south of Samoa, and west of the Cook Islands.
Niuean (ko e vagahau Niuē) is a Polynesian language, belonging to the Malayo-Polynesian subgroup of the Austronesian languages.
Norfolk Island (Norfuk: Norf'k Ailen) is a small island in the Pacific Ocean located between Australia, New Zealand, and New Caledonia, directly east of mainland Australia's Evans Head, and about from Lord Howe Island.
Norfuk (increasingly spelt Norfolk) or Norf'k is the language spoken on Norfolk Island (in the Pacific Ocean) by the local residents.
The North Island (Māori: Te Ika-a-Māui) is one of the two main islands of New Zealand, separated from the slightly larger but much less populous South Island by Cook Strait.
The Northern Hemisphere is the half of Earth that is north of the Equator.
The Northern Mariana Islands, officially the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI; Sankattan Siha Na Islas Mariånas; Refaluwasch or Carolinian: Commonwealth Téél Falúw kka Efáng llól Marianas), is an insular area and commonwealth of the United States consisting of 15 islands in the northwestern Pacific Ocean.
The Northland Peninsula, called the North Auckland Peninsula in earlier times, is in the far north of the North Island of New Zealand.
The Northwestern Hawaiian Islands or the Leeward Islands are the small islands and atolls in the Hawaiian island chain located northwest (in some cases, far to the northwest) of the islands of Kauai and Niihau.
Nouméa is the capital and largest city of the French special collectivity of New Caledonia.
National Public Radio (usually shortened to NPR, stylized as npr) is an American privately and publicly funded non-profit membership media organization based in Washington, D.C. It serves as a national syndicator to a network of over 1,000 public radio stations in the United States.
Nukualofa is the capital of Tonga.
Nukunonu is the largest atoll within Tokelau, a dependency of New Zealand, in the south Pacific Ocean.
The Occupation of Samoa – the takeover and subsequent administration of the Pacific colony of German Samoa – started in late August 1914 with landings by an expeditionary force from New Zealand called the "Samoa Expeditionary Force".
Oceania is a triannual peer-reviewed academic journal that was established in 1930.
The Oceanian realm is one of the World Wildlife Fund (WWF) biogeographic realms, and is unique in not including any continental land mass.
An oceanic or highland climate, also known as a marine or maritime climate, is the Köppen classification of climate typical of west coasts in higher middle latitudes of continents, and generally features cool summers (relative to their latitude) and cool winters, with a relatively narrow annual temperature range and few extremes of temperature, with the exception for transitional areas to continental, subarctic and highland climates.
Oceanic crust is the uppermost layer of the oceanic portion of a tectonic plate.
The cuisines of Oceania include those found on Australia, New Zealand, and Tasmania, and also cuisines from many other islands or island groups throughout Oceania.
is a village in Ogasawara Subprefecture, Tokyo Metropolis, Japan, that governs the Bonin Islands, Volcano Islands, and three remote islands (Nishinoshima, Minami-Tori-shima and Okinotorishima).
Oodnadatta, in the Australian state of South Australia, is a small town surrounded by an area of with cattle stations in arid pastoral rangelands close to the Simpson Desert, north of the state capital of Adelaide and 112 m above sea level.
Ophir is a small settlement in Central Otago, New Zealand, located between Alexandra and Ranfurly close to the east bank of the Manuherikia River.
Oral tradition, or oral lore, is a form of human communication where in knowledge, art, ideas and cultural material is received, preserved and transmitted orally from one generation to another.
The Outback is the vast, remote interior of Australia.
Oxford University Press (OUP) is the largest university press in the world, and the second oldest after Cambridge University Press.
The Pacific Community (SPC) is the principal scientific and technical organisation in the Pacific region.
The Pacific Games (formerly known as the South Pacific Games) is a multi-sport event, much like the Olympic Games (albeit on a smaller scale), with participation exclusively from countries around the South Pacific Ocean.
The Pacific Islands are the islands of the Pacific Ocean.
The Pacific Islands Forum (PIF) is an inter-governmental organization that aims to enhance cooperation between the independent countries of the Pacific Ocean.
The Pacific kingfisher (Todiramphus sacer) is a medium-sized kingfisher belonging to the subfamily Halcyoninae, the tree kingfishers.
The Pacific Ocean is the largest and deepest of Earth's oceanic divisions.
The Pacific Plate is an oceanic tectonic plate that lies beneath the Pacific Ocean.
The Pacific Rim comprises the lands around the rim of the Pacific Ocean.
The Pacific Solution is the name given to the Government of Australia policy of transporting asylum seekers to detention centres on island nations in the Pacific Ocean, rather than allowing them to land on the Australian mainland.
The Pacific swallow (Hirundo tahitica) is a small passerine bird in the swallow family.
The Pacific Union is a proposed development of the Pacific Islands Forum, suggested in 2003 by a committee of the Australian Senate, into a political and economic intergovernmental community.
Pago Pago (Samoan:; pronounced pahng-oh pahng-oh)Harris, Ann G. and Esther Tuttle (2004).
Palau (historically Belau, Palaos, or Pelew), officially the Republic of Palau (Beluu er a Belau), is an island country located in the western Pacific Ocean.
Palauan (a tekoi er a Belau) is one of the two official languages of the Republic of Palau, the other being English.
The terms Paleolithic diet, paleo diet, caveman diet, and stone-age diet describe modern fad diets requiring the sole or predominant consumption of foods presumed to have been the only foods available to or consumed by humans during the Paleolithic era.
Palikir is a town with about 4,600 people and the capital of the Federated States of Micronesia in the western Pacific Ocean.
Palm oil is an edible vegetable oil derived from the mesocarp (reddish pulp) of the fruit of the oil palms, primarily the African oil palm Elaeis guineensis, and to a lesser extent from the American oil palm Elaeis oleifera and the maripa palm Attalea maripa.
Palmyra Atoll is one of the Northern Line Islands (southeast of Kingman Reef and north of Kiribati Line Islands), located almost due south of the Hawaiian Islands, roughly one-third of the way between Hawaii and American Samoa.
The Pama–Nyungan languages are the most widespread family of indigenous Australian languages, containing perhaps 300 languages.
Papeete (pronounced) is the capital of French Polynesia, an overseas collectivity of France in the Pacific Ocean.
Paphies australis or pipi (from the Māori language) is a bivalve mollusc of the family Mesodesmatidae, endemic to New Zealand.
Papua is the largest and easternmost province of Indonesia, comprising most of Western New Guinea.
Papua New Guinea (PNG;,; Papua Niugini; Hiri Motu: Papua Niu Gini), officially the Independent State of Papua New Guinea, is an Oceanian country that occupies the eastern half of the island of New Guinea and its offshore islands in Melanesia, a region of the southwestern Pacific Ocean north of Australia.
The Papuan languages are the non-Austronesian and non-Australian languages spoken on the western Pacific island of New Guinea, and neighbouring islands, by around 4 million people.
Papuan people are the various indigenous peoples of New Guinea and neighbouring islands, speakers of the Papuan languages.
Paranephrops is a genus of freshwater crayfish found only in New Zealand.
Pardalotes or peep-wrens are a family, Pardalotidae, of very small, brightly coloured birds native to Australia, with short tails, strong legs, and stubby blunt beaks.
The Parliament of Fiji is the unicameral legislature of the Republic of the Fiji.
A parliamentary system is a system of democratic governance of a state where the executive branch derives its democratic legitimacy from its ability to command the confidence of the legislative branch, typically a parliament, and is also held accountable to that parliament.
A passerine is any bird of the order Passeriformes, which includes more than half of all bird species.
The Pātē is a Samoan percussion instrument of Tahitian origin, named after the Samoan word for "beat" or "clap" "pulse".
Pavlova is a meringue-based dessert named after the Russian ballerina Anna Pavlova.
Pāua is the Māori name given to three species of large edible sea snails, marine gastropod molluscs which belong to the family Haliotidae (in which there is only one genus, Haliotis), known in the United States and Australia as abalone, and in the United Kingdom as ormer shells.
Pearl Harbor is a lagoon harbor on the island of Oahu, Hawaii, west of Honolulu.
Pedro Fernandes de Queirós (Pedro Fernández de Quirós) (1565–1614) was a Portuguese navigator in the service of Spain best known for his involvement with Spanish voyages of discovery in the Pacific Ocean, in particular the 1595–1596 voyage of Alvaro de Mendaña de Neira, and for leading a 1605–1606 expedition which crossed the Pacific in search of Terra Australis.
Perth is the capital and largest city of the Australian state of Western Australia.
Petroglyphs are images created by removing part of a rock surface by incising, picking, carving, or abrading, as a form of rock art.
Phalangeriformes is a suborder of any of about 70 small- to medium-sized arboreal marsupial species native to Australia, New Guinea, and Sulawesi (and introduced to New Zealand and China).
The Philippines (Pilipinas or Filipinas), officially the Republic of the Philippines (Republika ng Pilipinas), is a unitary sovereign and archipelagic country in Southeast Asia.
The pied currawong (Strepera graculina) is a medium-sized black passerine bird native to eastern Australia and Lord Howe Island.
The pineapple (Ananas comosus) is a tropical plant with an edible multiple fruit consisting of coalesced berries, also called pineapples, and the most economically significant plant in the family Bromeliaceae.
The Pitcairn Islands (Pitkern: Pitkern Ailen), officially Pitcairn, Henderson, Ducie and Oeno Islands, are a group of four volcanic islands in the southern Pacific Ocean that form the last British Overseas Territory in the South Pacific.
The Pitcairn reed warbler (Acrocephalus vaughani) is a songbird in the genus Acrocephalus.
Pitkern, also known as Pitcairn-Norfolk or Pitcairnese, is a creole language based on an 18th-century dialect of English and Tahitian.
Placentalia ("Placentals") is one of the three extant subdivisions of the class of animals Mammalia; the other two are Monotremata and Marsupialia.
Plate tectonics (from the Late Latin tectonicus, from the τεκτονικός "pertaining to building") is a scientific theory describing the large-scale motion of seven large plates and the movements of a larger number of smaller plates of the Earth's lithosphere, since tectonic processes began on Earth between 3 and 3.5 billion years ago.
The platypus (Ornithorhynchus anatinus), sometimes referred to as the duck-billed platypus, is a semiaquatic egg-laying mammal endemic to eastern Australia, including Tasmania.
Pohnpei "upon (pohn) a stone altar (pei)" (formerly known as Ponape or Ascension) is an island of the Senyavin Islands which are part of the larger Caroline Islands group.
Politics of Fiji take place within the framework of a parliamentary representative democratic republic.
This only covers the history of the politics of the State of Hawaii.
Politics of Kiribati takes place in a framework of a parliamentary representative democratic republic, whereby the President of Kiribati is the head of government, and of a multi-party system.
New Caledonia is a French sui generis collectivity with a system of government based on parliamentarism and representative democracy.
The politics of Papua New Guinea takes place in a framework of a parliamentary representative democratic multi-party system, whereby the Prime Minister is the head of government.
Politics of Samoa takes place in a framework of a parliamentary representative democratic state whereby the Prime Minister of Samoa is the head of government.
Politics of Tonga takes place in a framework of a constitutional monarchy, whereby the King is the Head of State and the Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces.
Polynesia (from πολύς polys "many" and νῆσος nēsos "island") is a subregion of Oceania, made up of more than 1,000 islands scattered over the central and southern Pacific Ocean.
Polynesian culture is the culture of the indigenous peoples of Polynesia who share common traits in language, customs and society.
The Polynesian languages are a language family spoken in geographical Polynesia and on a patchwork of outliers from south central Micronesia to small islands off the northeast of the larger islands of the southeast Solomon Islands and sprinkled through Vanuatu.
The Polynesian starling (Aplonis tabuensis) is a species of starling of the family Sturnidae.
The Polynesian Triangle is a region of the Pacific Ocean with three island groups at its corners: Hawaiokinai (formerly "the Sandwich Islands"), Easter Island (Rapa Nui) and New Zealand (Aotearoa).
The Polynesians are a subset of Austronesians native to the islands of Polynesia that speak the Polynesian languages, a branch of the Oceanic subfamily of the Austronesian language family.
Polytheism (from Greek πολυθεϊσμός, polytheismos) is the worship of or belief in multiple deities, which are usually assembled into a pantheon of gods and goddesses, along with their own religions and rituals.
Port Jackson, consisting of the waters of Sydney Harbour, Middle Harbour, North Harbour and the Lane Cove and Parramatta Rivers, is the ria or natural harbour of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.
(Tok Pisin: Pot Mosbi), also referred to as Pom City or simply Moresby, is the capital and largest city of Papua New Guinea and the largest city in the South Pacific outside of Australia and New Zealand.
Port Vila is the capital and largest city of Vanuatu and is on the island of Efate.
Despite being relatively restricted to an Atlantic sustenance, Portuguese cuisine has many Mediterranean influences.
Portuguese discoveries (Portuguese: Descobrimentos portugueses) are the numerous territories and maritime routes discovered by the Portuguese as a result of their intensive maritime exploration during the 15th and 16th centuries.
Portuguese people are an ethnic group indigenous to Portugal that share a common Portuguese culture and speak Portuguese.
The pouch is a distinguishing feature of female marsupials (and rarely in the males as in the water opossumNogueira, José Carlos, et al. "" Journal of mammalogy 85.5 (2004): 834-841. and the extinct thylacine); the name marsupial is derived from the Latin marsupium, meaning "pouch".
Predation is a biological interaction where a predator (a hunting animal) kills and eats its prey (the organism that is attacked).
Human prehistory is the period between the use of the first stone tools 3.3 million years ago by hominins and the invention of writing systems.
Premna protrusa is a species of plant in the Lamiaceae family.
The President of the Republic of Fiji is the head of state of Fiji.
The President of Kiribati (Beretitenti in I-Kiribati) is the head of state and head of government of Kiribati.
The Prime Minister of the Republic of Fiji is the head of government of Fiji.
The Prime Minister of New Zealand (Te Pirimia o Aotearoa) is the head of government of New Zealand.
The Prime Minister of Papua New Guinea, is Papua New Guinea's head of government, consequent on being the leader of the party or coalition with majority support in the National Parliament.
The Prime Minister of Samoa is the head of government of the Independent State of Samoa, a sovereign country located in the Pacific Ocean.
The Prince Philip Movement is a religious sect followed by the Kastom people around Yaohnanen village on the southern island of Tanna in Vanuatu.
Princeton University Press is an independent publisher with close connections to Princeton University.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (PNAS) is the official scientific journal of the National Academy of Sciences, published since 1915.
The Proteaceae are a family of flowering plants predominantly distributed in the Southern Hemisphere.
A protectorate, in its inception adopted by modern international law, is a dependent territory that has been granted local autonomy and some independence while still retaining the suzerainty of a greater sovereign state.
Psydrax odorata, known as alahee in Hawaiian, is a species of flowering shrub or small tree in the coffee family, Rubiaceae.
Puerto Rican immigration to Hawaii began when Puerto Rico's sugar industry was devastated by two hurricanes in 1899.
Puncak Jaya or Carstensz Pyramid (4,884 m) is the highest summit of Mount Jayawijaya or Mount Carstensz in the Sudirman Range of the western central highlands of Papua Province, Indonesia (within Puncak Jaya Regency).
Purchasing power parity (PPP) is a neoclassical economic theory that states that the exchange rate between two countries is equal to the ratio of the currencies' respective purchasing power.
Quality of life (QOL) is the general well-being of individuals and societies, outlining negative and positive features of life.
Queensland (abbreviated as Qld) is the second-largest and third-most populous state in the Commonwealth of Australia.
Radiocarbon dating (also referred to as carbon dating or carbon-14 dating) is a method for determining the age of an object containing organic material by using the properties of radiocarbon, a radioactive isotope of carbon.
Rainforests are forests characterized by high rainfall, with annual rainfall in the case of tropical rainforests between, and definitions varying by region for temperate rainforests.
Ranfurly is a town in the Central Otago District of Otago, New Zealand.
Rapa Nui or Rapanui also known as Pascuan, or Pascuense, is an Eastern Polynesian language spoken on the island of Rapa Nui, also known as Easter Island.
In philosophy, rationalism is the epistemological view that "regards reason as the chief source and test of knowledge" or "any view appealing to reason as a source of knowledge or justification".
In paleoanthropology, the recent African origin of modern humans, also called the "Out of Africa" theory (OOA), recent single-origin hypothesis (RSOH), replacement hypothesis, or recent African origin model (RAO), is the dominant model of the geographic origin and early migration of anatomically modern humans (Homo sapiens).
The red-tailed tropicbird (Phaethon rubricauda) is a seabird native to tropical Indian and Pacific Oceans.
The red-vented bulbul (Pycnonotus cafer) is a member of the bulbul family of passerines.
The Regional Assistance Mission to Solomon Islands (RAMSI), also known as Operation Helpem Fren and Operation Anode, was created in 2003 in response to a request for international aid by the Governor-General of Solomon Islands.
Remote Oceania is the part of Oceania settled within the last 3,000 to 3,500 years, comprising Island Melanesia south and east of the Solomon Islands archipelago, plus the open Pacific: Vanuatu, New Caledonia, Fiji, Palau, Micronesia, and Polynesia.
Representative democracy (also indirect democracy, representative republic or psephocracy) is a type of democracy founded on the principle of elected officials representing a group of people, as opposed to direct democracy.
Reptiles are tetrapod animals in the class Reptilia, comprising today's turtles, crocodilians, snakes, amphisbaenians, lizards, tuatara, and their extinct relatives.
In archaeology, rock art is human-made markings placed on natural stone; it is largely synonymous with parietal art.
Rock music is a broad genre of popular music that originated as "rock and roll" in the United States in the early 1950s, and developed into a range of different styles in the 1960s and later, particularly in the United Kingdom and in the United States.
Rotuman, also referred to as Rotunan, Rutuman or Fäeag Rotuma, is an Austronesian language spoken by the indigenous people of the South Pacific island group of Rotuma, an island with a Polynesian-influenced culture that was incorporated as a dependency into the Colony of Fiji in 1881.
Rowman & Littlefield Publishing Group is an independent publishing house founded in 1949.
The Royal Botanic Garden Sydney is a major botanical garden located in the heart of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.
The Royal Exhibition Building is a World Heritage Site-listed building in Melbourne, Australia, completed in 1880.
The Royal Navy (RN) is the United Kingdom's naval warfare force.
Rugby league football is a full-contact sport played by two teams of thirteen players on a rectangular field.
Rugby League World Cup records have been accumulating since the first Rugby League World Cup tournamernt was held in 1954.
Rugby union, commonly known in most of the world as rugby, is a contact team sport which originated in England in the first half of the 19th century.
The, also known as the or the, are a chain of islands annexed by Japan that stretch southwest from Kyushu to Taiwan: the Ōsumi, Tokara, Amami, Okinawa, and Sakishima Islands (further divided into the Miyako and Yaeyama Islands), with Yonaguni the southernmost.
Saipan (formerly in Spanish: Saipán) is the largest island of the Northern Mariana Islands, a commonwealth of the United States in the western Pacific Ocean.
Samoa, officially the Independent State of Samoa (Malo Saʻoloto Tutoʻatasi o Sāmoa; Sāmoa) and, until 4 July 1997, known as Western Samoa, is a unitary parliamentary democracy with eleven administrative divisions.
The Ava Ceremony is one of the most important customs of the Samoa Islands.
Samoan (Gagana faʻa Sāmoa or Gagana Sāmoa – IPA) is the language of the Samoan Islands, comprising the Independent State of Samoa and the United States territory of American Samoa.
Sandalwood is a class of woods from trees in the genus Santalum.
The Santa Cruz Islands are a group of islands in the Pacific Ocean, part of Temotu Province of the Solomon Islands.
Sasa is a Samoan word for a particular group dance.
Sclerophyll is a type of vegetation that has hard leaves, short internodes (the distance between leaves along the stem) and leaf orientation parallel or oblique to direct sunlight.
Scuba diving is a mode of underwater diving where the diver uses a self-contained underwater breathing apparatus (scuba) which is completely independent of surface supply, to breathe underwater.
Sea World is a marine mammal park, oceanarium, and theme park located on the Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia.
Secular humanism is a philosophy or life stance that embraces human reason, ethics, and philosophical naturalism while specifically rejecting religious dogma, supernaturalism, pseudoscience, and superstition as the basis of morality and decision making.
A semi-arid climate or steppe climate is the climate of a region that receives precipitation below potential evapotranspiration, but not as low as a desert climate.
The Senate (Sénat; pronunciation) is the upper house of the French Parliament, presided over by a president.
The Senyavin Islands belong to the Federated States of Micronesia.
The separation of powers is a model for the governance of a state.
Serotiny is an ecological adaptation exhibited by some seed plants, in which seed release occurs in response to an environmental trigger, rather than spontaneously at seed maturation.
A shield volcano is a type of volcano usually composed almost entirely of fluid lava flows.
Sikhism (ਸਿੱਖੀ), or Sikhi,, from Sikh, meaning a "disciple", or a "learner"), is a monotheistic religion that originated in the Punjab region of the Indian subcontinent about the end of the 15th century. It is one of the youngest of the major world religions, and the fifth-largest. The fundamental beliefs of Sikhism, articulated in the sacred scripture Guru Granth Sahib, include faith and meditation on the name of the one creator, divine unity and equality of all humankind, engaging in selfless service, striving for social justice for the benefit and prosperity of all, and honest conduct and livelihood while living a householder's life. In the early 21st century there were nearly 25 million Sikhs worldwide, the great majority of them (20 million) living in Punjab, the Sikh homeland in northwest India, and about 2 million living in neighboring Indian states, formerly part of the Punjab. Sikhism is based on the spiritual teachings of Guru Nanak, the first Guru (1469–1539), and the nine Sikh gurus that succeeded him. The Tenth Guru, Guru Gobind Singh, named the Sikh scripture Guru Granth Sahib as his successor, terminating the line of human Gurus and making the scripture the eternal, religious spiritual guide for Sikhs.Louis Fenech and WH McLeod (2014),, 3rd Edition, Rowman & Littlefield,, pages 17, 84-85William James (2011), God's Plenty: Religious Diversity in Kingston, McGill Queens University Press,, pages 241–242 Sikhism rejects claims that any particular religious tradition has a monopoly on Absolute Truth. The Sikh scripture opens with Ik Onkar (ੴ), its Mul Mantar and fundamental prayer about One Supreme Being (God). Sikhism emphasizes simran (meditation on the words of the Guru Granth Sahib), that can be expressed musically through kirtan or internally through Nam Japo (repeat God's name) as a means to feel God's presence. It teaches followers to transform the "Five Thieves" (lust, rage, greed, attachment, and ego). Hand in hand, secular life is considered to be intertwined with the spiritual life., page.
A silent film is a film with no synchronized recorded sound (and in particular, no spoken dialogue).
Siva Samoa is the Samoan term for a Samoan dance.
Slack-key guitar is a fingerstyle genre of guitar music that originated in Hawaii.
Soccer, also known as football, is the most played outdoor team sport in Australia, and ranks in the top ten for television audience.
The Society Islands (Îles de la Société or officially Archipel de la Société; Tōtaiete mā.) includes a group of islands in the South Pacific Ocean.
Solomon Islands is a sovereign country consisting of six major islands and over 900 smaller islands in Oceania lying to the east of Papua New Guinea and northwest of Vanuatu and covering a land area of.
The Solomon Islands campaign was a major campaign of the Pacific War of World War II.
"Somewhere Over the Rainbow/What a Wonderful World" is a medley of the songs "Over the Rainbow" and "What a Wonderful World" by Israel Kamakawiwoʻole and released on his albums Ka ʻAnoʻi and Facing Future.
The South Island (Māori: Te Waipounamu) is the larger of the two major islands of New Zealand, the other being the smaller but more populous North Island.
The South Island takahē, notornis, or takahē (Porphyrio hochstetteri), is a flightless bird indigenous to New Zealand and belonging to the rail family.
South Tarawa (in Gilbertese Tarawa Teinainano) is the capital and hub of the Republic of Kiribati and home to approximately half of Kiribati's total population.
Southeast Asia or Southeastern Asia is a subregion of Asia, consisting of the countries that are geographically south of China, east of India, west of New Guinea and north of Australia.
The Southern Alps (Kā Tiritiri-o-te-Moana) is a mountain range extending along much of the length of New Zealand's South Island, reaching its greatest elevations near the range's western side.
The Southern Hemisphere is the half of Earth that is south of the Equator.
The Southern Ocean, also known as the Antarctic Ocean or the Austral Ocean, comprises the southernmost waters of the World Ocean, generally taken to be south of 60° S latitude and encircling Antarctica.
Spanish or Castilian, is a Western Romance language that originated in the Castile region of Spain and today has hundreds of millions of native speakers in Latin America and Spain.
The Special Broadcasting Service (SBS) is a hybrid-funded Australian public broadcasting radio, online, and television network.
Standard Chinese, also known as Modern Standard Mandarin, Standard Mandarin, or simply Mandarin, is a standard variety of Chinese that is the sole official language of both China and Taiwan (de facto), and also one of the four official languages of Singapore.
Statistics New Zealand (Tatauranga Aotearoa), branded as Stats NZ, is the public service department of New Zealand charged with the collection of statistics related to the economy, population and society of New Zealand.
The Statute of Westminster 1931 is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom and modified versions of it are now domestic law within Australia and Canada; it has been repealed in New Zealand and implicitly in former Dominions that are no longer Commonwealth realms.
Steel guitar is a type of guitar or the method of playing the instrument.
The Strait of Malacca (Selat Melaka, Selat Malaka; Jawi: سلت ملاک) or Straits of Malacca is a narrow, stretch of water between the Malay Peninsula (Peninsular Malaysia) and the Indonesian island of Sumatra.
Subsistence agriculture is a self-sufficiency farming system in which the farmers focus on growing enough food to feed themselves and their entire families.
The subtropics are geographic and climate zones located roughly between the tropics at latitude 23.5° (the Tropic of Cancer and Tropic of Capricorn) and temperate zones (normally referring to latitudes 35–66.5°) north and south of the Equator.
Sugar is the generic name for sweet-tasting, soluble carbohydrates, many of which are used in food.
Sugarcane, or sugar cane, are several species of tall perennial true grasses of the genus Saccharum, tribe Andropogoneae, native to the warm temperate to tropical regions of South and Southeast Asia, Polynesia and Melanesia, and used for sugar production.
The Sunday roast is a traditional British main meal that is typically served on Sunday (hence the name), consisting of roasted meat, roast potato, and accompaniments such as Yorkshire pudding, stuffing, vegetables and gravy.
Survivor is the American version of the international Survivor reality competition television franchise, itself derived from the Swedish television series Expedition Robinson created by Charlie Parsons which premiered in 1997.
Survivor: Vanuatu — Islands of Fire, also known as Survivor: Vanuatu, is the ninth season of the American CBS competitive reality television series Survivor.
Suva is the capital and largest metropolitan city in Fiji.
The sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas) is a dicotyledonous plant that belongs to the bindweed or morning glory family, Convolvulaceae.
Sydney is the state capital of New South Wales and the most populous city in Australia and Oceania.
The Sydney Harbour Bridge is a steel through arch bridge across Sydney Harbour that carries rail, vehicular, bicycle, and pedestrian traffic between the Sydney central business district (CBD) and the North Shore.
Sydney New Year's Eve is an annual multi-tiered event held every New Year's Eve in Sydney, Australia.
The Sydney Opera House is a multi-venue performing arts centre in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.
Synchronization is the coordination of events to operate a system in unison.
Tahiti (previously also known as Otaheite (obsolete) is the largest island in the Windward group of French Polynesia. The island is located in the archipelago of the Society Islands in the central Southern Pacific Ocean, and is divided into two parts: the bigger, northwestern part, Tahiti Nui, and the smaller, southeastern part, Tahiti Iti. The island was formed from volcanic activity and is high and mountainous with surrounding coral reefs. The population is 189,517 inhabitants (2017 census), making it the most populous island of French Polynesia and accounting for 68.7% of its total population. Tahiti is the economic, cultural and political centre of French Polynesia, an overseas collectivity (sometimes referred to as an overseas country) of France. The capital of French Polynesia, Papeete, is located on the northwest coast of Tahiti. The only international airport in the region, Fa'a'ā International Airport, is on Tahiti near Papeete. Tahiti was originally settled by Polynesians between 300 and 800AD. They represent about 70% of the island's population, with the rest made up of Europeans, Chinese and those of mixed heritage. The island was part of the Kingdom of Tahiti until its annexation by France in 1880, when it was proclaimed a colony of France, and the inhabitants became French citizens. French is the only official language, although the Tahitian language (Reo Tahiti) is widely spoken.
Tahitian (autonym Reo Tahiti, part of Reo Mā'ohi, languages of French Polynesia)Reo Mā'ohi correspond to “languages of natives from French Polynesia”, and may in principle designate any of the seven indigenous languages spoken in French Polynesia.
The Tahitians, or Maohis, are a nation and Polynesian ethnic group native to Tahiti and thirteen other Society Islands in French Polynesia, as well as the modern population of these lands of multiracial, primarily Polynesian-French, ancestry (demis).
Tahuata is the smallest of the inhabited Marquesas Islands, in French Polynesia, an overseas territory of France in the Pacific Ocean.
Taiwan, officially the Republic of China (ROC), is a state in East Asia.
Taiwanese indigenous peoples or formerly Taiwanese aborigines, Formosan people, Austronesian Taiwanese or Gaoshan people are the indigenous peoples of Taiwan, who number nearly 530,000 or 2.3% of the island's population, or more than 800,000 people, considering the potential recognition of Taiwanese Plain Indigenous Peoples officially in the future.
The tamarillo is a small tree or shrub in the flowering plant family Solanaceae (the nightshade family).
The Tanimbar Islands, also called Timur Laut, are a group of about 65 islands in the Maluku province of Indonesia, including Fordata, Larat, Maru, Molu, Nuswotar, Selaru, Selu, Seira, Wotap, Wuliaru and Yamdena.
Tanna (sometimes spelled Tana) is an island in Tafea Province of Vanuatu.
Tapa cloth (or simply tapa) is a barkcloth made in the islands of the Pacific Ocean, primarily in Tonga, Samoa and Fiji, but as far afield as Niue, Cook Islands, Futuna, Solomon Islands, Java, New Zealand, Vanuatu, Papua New Guinea and Hawaii (where it is called kapa).
The Tasman Sea (Māori: Te Tai-o-Rehua) is a marginal sea of the South Pacific Ocean, situated between Australia and New Zealand.
Tasmania (abbreviated as Tas and known colloquially as Tassie) is an island state of Australia.
The Tasmanian devil (Sarcophilus harrisii) is a carnivorous marsupial of the family Dasyuridae.
A tattoo is a form of body modification where a design is made by inserting ink, dyes and pigments, either indelible or temporary, into the dermis layer of the skin to change the pigment.
Te Ara: The Encyclopedia of New Zealand is an online encyclopedia created by the Ministry for Culture and Heritage of the New Zealand Government.
Tectonic uplift is the portion of the total geologic uplift of the mean Earth surface that is not attributable to an isostatic response to unloading.
In geography, the temperate or tepid climates of Earth occur in the middle latitudes, which span between the tropics and the polar regions of Earth.
Terra Australis (Latin for South Land) is a hypothetical continent first posited in antiquity and which appeared on maps between the 15th and 18th centuries.
A territory is an administrative division, usually an area that is under the jurisdiction of a state.
The Territory of Hawaii or Hawaii Territory was an organized incorporated territory of the United States that existed from August 12, 1898, until August 21, 1959, when most of its territory, excluding Palmyra Island and the Stewart Islands, was admitted to the Union as the fiftieth U.S. state, the State of Hawaii.
The Territory of Papua comprised the southeastern quarter of the island of New Guinea from 1883 to 1975.
The Chronicles of Narnia is a series of films based on The Chronicles of Narnia, a series of novels by C. S. Lewis.
The Economist is an English-language weekly magazine-format newspaper owned by the Economist Group and edited at offices in London.
The Heritage Foundation (abbreviated to Heritage) is an American conservative public policy think tank based in Washington, D.C. The foundation took a leading role in the conservative movement during the presidency of Ronald Reagan, whose policies were taken from Heritage's policy study Mandate for Leadership.
The Hobbit is a film series consisting of three high fantasy adventure films directed by Peter Jackson.
The Last Samurai is a 2003 American period drama war film directed and co-produced by Edward Zwick, who also co-wrote the screenplay with John Logan and Marshall Herskovitz.
The Lord of the Rings is a film series consisting of three high fantasy adventure films directed by Peter Jackson.
The Story of the Kelly Gang is a 1906 Australian silent film that traces the exploits of 19th-century bushranger and outlaw Ned Kelly and his gang.
The Twelve Apostles is a collection of limestone stacks off the shore of the Port Campbell National Park, by the Great Ocean Road in Victoria, Australia.
Thomas Gilbert was an 18th-century British mariner.
Tok Pisin is a creole language spoken throughout Papua New Guinea.
Tokelau (previously known as the Union Islands, and officially as Tokelau Islands until 1976;; lit. "north-northeast") is an island country and dependent territory of New Zealand in the southern Pacific Ocean.
Tokelauan is a Polynesian language spoken in Tokelau and on Swains Island (or Olohega) in American Samoa.
Tonga (Tongan: Puleʻanga Fakatuʻi ʻo Tonga), officially the Kingdom of Tonga, is a Polynesian sovereign state and archipelago comprising 169 islands, of which 36 are inhabited.
Tongan (lea fakatonga) is an Austronesian language of the Polynesian branch spoken in Tonga.
The Torres Strait is a strait which lies between Australia and the Melanesian island of New Guinea.
Torres Strait Islanders are the indigenous people of the Torres Strait Islands, part of Queensland, Australia.
Tourism is travel for pleasure or business; also the theory and practice of touring, the business of attracting, accommodating, and entertaining tourists, and the business of operating tours.
Tourism in Australia is an important component of the Australian economy.
Hawaiokinai is a US state that is an archipelago in the Pacific Ocean.
Tourism comprises an important sector of the '''New Zealand''' economy, directly contributing NZ$12.9 billion (or 5.6%) of the country's GDP in 2016, as well as supporting 188,000 full-time equivalent jobs (nearly 7.5% of New Zealand's workforce).
Tourism New Zealand is the marketing agency responsible for promoting New Zealand as a tourism destination internationally.
Trans–New Guinea (TNG) is an extensive family of Papuan languages spoken in New Guinea and neighboring islands, perhaps the third-largest language family in the world by number of languages.
The Treaty of Waitangi (Te Tiriti o Waitangi) is a treaty first signed on 6 February 1840 by representatives of the British Crown and Māori chiefs (Rangatira) from the North Island of New Zealand.
The Tripartite Convention of 1899 concluded the Second Samoan Civil War, resulting in the formal partition of the Samoan archipelago into a German colony and a United States territory.
The tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forest biome, also known as tropical dry forest, monsoon forest, vine thicket, vine scrub and dry rainforest is located at tropical and subtropical latitudes.
A tropical climate in the Köppen climate classification is a non-arid climate in which all twelve months have mean temperatures of at least.
Traditionally, areas of tropical cyclone formation are divided into seven basins.
Tropical rainforests are rainforests that occur in areas of tropical rainforest climate in which there is no dry season – all months have an average precipitation of at least 60 mm – and may also be referred to as lowland equatorial evergreen rainforest.
Tropical savanna climate or tropical wet and dry climate is a type of climate that corresponds to the Köppen climate classification categories "Aw" and "As".
Tropical vegetation is any vegetation in tropical latitudes.
The tropics are a region of the Earth surrounding the Equator.
The Tuamotus, also referred to in English as the Tuamotu Archipelago or the Tuamotu Islands (Îles Tuamotu, officially Archipel des Tuamotu), are a French Polynesian chain of almost 80 islands and atolls forming the largest chain of atolls in the world.
Tuatara are reptiles endemic to New Zealand.
Paphies subtriangulata is a species of edible bivalve clam known as tuatua in the Māori language, a member of the family Mesodesmatidae and endemic to New Zealand.
The tui (Prosthemadera novaeseelandiae) is an endemic passerine bird of New Zealand, and the only species in the genus Prosthemadera.
Tuvalu, formerly known as the Ellice Islands, is a Polynesian island nation located in the Pacific Ocean, about midway between Hawaii and Australia, lying east-northeast of the Santa Cruz Islands (belonging to the Solomons), southeast of Nauru, south of Kiribati, west of Tokelau, northwest of Samoa and Wallis and Futuna and north of Fiji.
Tuvaluan, often called Tuvalu, is a Polynesian language of or closely related to the Ellicean group spoken in Tuvalu.
A typhoon is a mature tropical cyclone that develops between 180° and 100°E in the Northern Hemisphere.
A state is a constituent political entity of the United States.
Uluru (Pitjantjatjara), also known as Ayers Rock and officially gazetted as "UluruAyers Rock", is a large sandstone rock formation in the southern part of the Northern Territory in central Australia.
An uncodified constitution is a type of constitution where the fundamental rules often take the form of customs, usage, precedent and a variety of statutes and legal instruments.
Uncontacted people, also referred to as isolated people or lost tribes, are communities who live, or have lived, either by choice (people living in voluntary isolation) or by circumstance, without significant contact with modern civilization.
The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO; Organisation des Nations unies pour l'éducation, la science et la culture) is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) based in Paris.
The UNESCO Courier is the main magazine published by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, UNESCO.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
The United Nations geoscheme is a system which divides the countries of the world into regional and subregional groups.
The following is an alphabetical list of subregions in the United Nations geoscheme for Oceania.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
The home front of the United States in World War II supported the war effort in many ways, including a wide range of volunteer efforts and submitting to government-managed rationing and price controls.
The University of the South Pacific, or USP is an intergovernmental organisation and public research university with a number of locations spread throughout a dozen countries in Oceania.
The Upper Paleolithic (or Upper Palaeolithic, Late Stone Age) is the third and last subdivision of the Paleolithic or Old Stone Age.
An urban area is a human settlement with high population density and infrastructure of built environment.
UTC+14:00 is an identifier for a +14 hour time offset from UTC.
UTC−11:00 is a time offset that subtracts 11 hours from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC).
Van Diemen's Land was the original name used by most Europeans for the island of Tasmania, now part of Australia.
Vanuatu (or; Bislama, French), officially the Republic of Vanuatu (République de Vanuatu, Bislama: Ripablik blong Vanuatu), is a Pacific island nation located in the South Pacific Ocean.
Victoria (abbreviated as Vic) is a state in south-eastern Australia.
A volcano is a rupture in the crust of a planetary-mass object, such as Earth, that allows hot lava, volcanic ash, and gases to escape from a magma chamber below the surface.
Waitangi Day is the national day of New Zealand, and commemorates the signing, on 6 February 1840, of the Treaty of Waitangi.
Wake Island (also known as Wake Atoll) is a coral atoll in the western Pacific Ocean in the northeastern area of the Micronesia subregion, east of Guam, west of Honolulu and southeast of Tokyo.
Wallacea is a biogeographical designation for a group of mainly Indonesian islands separated by deep-water straits from the Asian and Australian continental shelves.
Wallis and Futuna, officially the Territory of the Wallis and Futuna Islands (Wallis-et-Futuna or Territoire des îles Wallis-et-Futuna, Fakauvea and Fakafutuna: Uvea mo Futuna), is a French island collectivity in the South Pacific between Tuvalu to the northwest, Fiji to the southwest, Tonga to the southeast, Samoa to the east, and Tokelau to the northeast.
Wallisian, or Uvean (Fakauvea|), is the Polynesian language spoken on Wallis (also known as Uvea).
The Walls of Jerusalem National Park is a national park located in the Central Highlands region of Tasmania, Australia.
Wellington (Te Whanganui-a-Tara) is the capital city and second most populous urban area of New Zealand, with residents.
West Antarctica, or Lesser Antarctica, one of the two major regions of Antarctica, is the part of that continent that lies within the Western Hemisphere, and includes the Antarctic Peninsula.
The West Coast (Te Tai Poutini) is a region of New Zealand on the west coast of the South Island, it is one of the more remote and most sparsely populated areas of the country.
The West Coast of Tasmania is the part of the state that is strongly associated with wilderness, mining and tourism, rough country and isolation.
West Papua (Papua Barat) is a province of Indonesia.
Western culture, sometimes equated with Western civilization, Occidental culture, the Western world, Western society, European civilization,is a term used very broadly to refer to a heritage of social norms, ethical values, traditional customs, belief systems, political systems and specific artifacts and technologies that have some origin or association with Europe.
The Western Hemisphere is a geographical term for the half of Earth which lies west of the prime meridian (which crosses Greenwich, London, United Kingdom) and east of the antimeridian.
Western New Guinea, also known as Papua (formerly Irian Jaya) and West Papua, is the part of the island of New Guinea (also known as Papua) annexed by Indonesia in 1962.
The monsoon season, is the time of year when most of a region's average annual rainfall occurs.
Whaling is the hunting of whales for scientific research and their usable products like meat, oil and blubber.
Whitebait is a collective term for the immature fry of fish, typically between long.
Willem Janszoon (1570–1630), sometimes abbreviated to Willem Jansz., was a Dutch navigator and colonial governor.
Vice-Admiral William Bligh (9 September 1754 – 7 December 1817) was an officer of the British Royal Navy and a colonial administrator.
Wood carving is a form of woodworking by means of a cutting tool (knife) in one hand or a chisel by two hands or with one hand on a chisel and one hand on a mallet, resulting in a wooden figure or figurine, or in the sculptural ornamentation of a wooden object.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
The wrens are mostly small, brownish passerine birds in the mainly New World family Troglodytidae.
A writing system is any conventional method of visually representing verbal communication.
Yaohnanen, also spelled Ionhanen,Brian J. Bresniha and Keith Woodward, ed.
Yap or Wa′ab (Waqab) traditionally refers to an island located in the Caroline Islands of the western Pacific Ocean, a part of the Federated States of Micronesia.
Yaren (in earlier times Makwa/Moqua), is a district of the Pacific nation of Nauru.
The yellowhead or mohua (Maori: mōhua; Mohoua ochrocephala) is a small insectivorous, passerine bird endemic to the South Island of New Zealand.
Zealandia, also known as the New Zealand continent or Tasmantis is an almost entirely submerged mass of continental crust that sank after breaking away from Australia 60–85 million years ago, having separated from Antarctica between 85 and 130 million years ago.
Zinc is a chemical element with symbol Zn and atomic number 30.
The 1938 British Empire Games was the third British Empire Games, the Commonwealth Games being the modern-day equivalent.
The 1950 British Empire Games was the fourth edition of what is now called the Commonwealth Games.
The 1956 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XVI Olympiad, were an international multi-sport event which was held in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, in November–December 1956, apart from the equestrian events, which were held five months earlier in Stockholm, Sweden.
The 1962 British Empire and Commonwealth Games were held in Perth, Western Australia, from 22 November to 1 December 1962.
The 1974 British Commonwealth Games were held in Christchurch, New Zealand from 24 January to 2 February 1974.
The 1982 Commonwealth Games were held in Brisbane, Queensland, Australia from 30 September to 9 October 1982.
The 1990 Commonwealth Games were held in Auckland, New Zealand from 24 January – 3 February 1990.
The 2000 Summer Olympic Games, officially known as the Games of the XXVII Olympiad and commonly known as Sydney 2000 or the Millennium Olympic Games/Games of the New Millennium, were an international multi-sport event which was held between 15 September and 1 October 2000 in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.
The 2006 Commonwealth Games, officially the XVIII Commonwealth Games and commonly known as Melbourne 2006, were an international multi-sport event for members of the Commonwealth that were held in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia between 15 and 26 March 2006.
The 2010 FIFA World Cup was the 19th FIFA World Cup, the world championship for men's national association football teams.
The 2014 FIFA World Cup was the 20th FIFA World Cup, the quadrennial world championship for men's national football teams organized by FIFA.
The 2018 Commonwealth Games, officially known as the XXI Commonwealth Games and commonly known as Gold Coast 2018, were an international multi-sport event for members of the Commonwealth that were held on the Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia, between 4 and 15 April 2018.
The 28th parallel north is a circle of latitude that is 28 degrees north of the Earth's equatorial plane.
The 2nd millennium BC spanned the years 2000 through 1001 BC.
The 55th parallel south is a circle of latitude that is 55 degrees south of the Earth's equatorial plane.
Australia and Oceania, Australoceania, Geography of Oceania, Geography of oceania, List of regions of Oceania, OCEANIA, Oceania (continent), Oceania/australia, Oceanian, Oceanian people, Oceanians, Oceanica, Politics of Oceania, Regions of Oceania, South West Pacific, South-West Pacific, Southwest Pacific, Sports in Oceania.