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Octahedral molecular geometry

Index Octahedral molecular geometry

In chemistry, octahedral molecular geometry describes the shape of compounds with six atoms or groups of atoms or ligands symmetrically arranged around a central atom, defining the vertices of an octahedron. [1]

55 relations: Absorbance, Acetate, Alfred Werner, Alkoxide, Anation, Aquation, Atomic orbital, Bailar twist, Ball-and-stick model, Bridging ligand, Bromine, Chemistry, Chirality (chemistry), Cis-Dichlorobis(ethylenediamine)cobalt(III) chloride, Complexity, Coordination complex, Coordination sphere, Crystal field theory, Cyanide, Denticity, Enantiomer, Fluorine, Halide, Hexamethyltungsten, Hexamminecobalt(III) chloride, Iodine, Ion, Irreducible representation, Ligand, Ligand field theory, Molecular geometry, Molybdenum hexacarbonyl, Molybdenum(III) bromide, Niobium(V) chloride, Octahedral cluster, Octahedron, Organic chemistry, Oxalate, Platonic solid, Point group, Polymer, Prefix, Pyridine, Racemization, Ray–Dutt twist, Redox, Spectrochemical series, Sulfur hexafluoride, Symmetry group, Titanium(III) iodide, ..., Trigonal prismatic molecular geometry, VSEPR theory, Water, Wavelength, Zirconium(IV) chloride. Expand index (5 more) »

Absorbance

In chemistry, absorbance or decadic absorbance is the common logarithm of the ratio of incident to transmitted radiant power through a material, and spectral absorbance or spectral decadic absorbance is the common logarithm of the ratio of incident to transmitted spectral radiant power through a material.

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Acetate

An acetate is a salt formed by the combination of acetic acid with an alkaline, earthy, metallic or nonmetallic and other base.

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Alfred Werner

Alfred Werner (12 December 1866 – 15 November 1919) was a Swiss chemist who was a student at ETH Zurich and a professor at the University of Zurich.

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Alkoxide

An alkoxide is the conjugate base of an alcohol and therefore consists of an organic group bonded to a negatively charged oxygen atom.

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Anation

In coordination chemistry, anation is the "replacement of the ligand water by an anion in a coordination entity." The term is however used more loosely to include displacement of any neutral ligand by an anion.

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Aquation

Aquation is the chemical reaction involving "incorporation of one or more integral molecules of water".

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Atomic orbital

In quantum mechanics, an atomic orbital is a mathematical function that describes the wave-like behavior of either one electron or a pair of electrons in an atom.

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Bailar twist

The Bailar twist is a mechanism proposed for the racemization of octahedral complexes containing three bidentate chelate rings.

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Ball-and-stick model

In chemistry, the ball-and-stick model is a molecular model of a chemical substance which is to display both the three-dimensional position of the atoms and the bonds between them.

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Bridging ligand

In coordination chemistry, a bridging ligand is a ligand that connects two or more atoms, usually metal ions.

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Bromine

Bromine is a chemical element with symbol Br and atomic number 35.

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Chemistry

Chemistry is the scientific discipline involved with compounds composed of atoms, i.e. elements, and molecules, i.e. combinations of atoms: their composition, structure, properties, behavior and the changes they undergo during a reaction with other compounds.

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Chirality (chemistry)

Chirality is a geometric property of some molecules and ions.

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Cis-Dichlorobis(ethylenediamine)cobalt(III) chloride

cis-Dichlorobis(ethylenediamine)cobalt(III) chloride is a coordination complex with the formula Cl (en.

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Complexity

Complexity characterises the behaviour of a system or model whose components interact in multiple ways and follow local rules, meaning there is no reasonable higher instruction to define the various possible interactions.

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Coordination complex

In chemistry, a coordination complex consists of a central atom or ion, which is usually metallic and is called the coordination centre, and a surrounding array of bound molecules or ions, that are in turn known as ligands or complexing agents.

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Coordination sphere

In coordination chemistry, the coordination sphere refers to a central atom or ion and an array of molecules or anions, the ligands, around.

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Crystal field theory

Crystal Field Theory (CFT) is a model that describes the breaking of degeneracies of electron orbital states, usually d or f orbitals, due to a static electric field produced by a surrounding charge distribution (anion neighbors).

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Cyanide

A cyanide is a chemical compound that contains the group C≡N.

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Denticity

Denticity refers to the number of donor groups in a single ligand that bind to a central atom in a coordination complex.

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Enantiomer

In chemistry, an enantiomer, also known as an optical isomer (and archaically termed antipode or optical antipode), is one of two stereoisomers that are mirror images of each other that are non-superposable (not identical), much as one's left and right hands are the same except for being reversed along one axis (the hands cannot be made to appear identical simply by reorientation).

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Fluorine

Fluorine is a chemical element with symbol F and atomic number 9.

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Halide

A halide is a binary phase, of which one part is a halogen atom and the other part is an element or radical that is less electronegative (or more electropositive) than the halogen, to make a fluoride, chloride, bromide, iodide, astatide, or theoretically tennesside compound.

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Hexamethyltungsten

Hexamethyltungsten is the chemical compound W(CH3)6.

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Hexamminecobalt(III) chloride

Hexaamminecobalt(III) chloride is the chemical compound with the formula Cl3.

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Iodine

Iodine is a chemical element with symbol I and atomic number 53.

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Ion

An ion is an atom or molecule that has a non-zero net electrical charge (its total number of electrons is not equal to its total number of protons).

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Irreducible representation

In mathematics, specifically in the representation theory of groups and algebras, an irreducible representation (\rho, V) or irrep of an algebraic structure A is a nonzero representation that has no proper subrepresentation (\rho|_W,W), W \subset V closed under the action of \. Every finite-dimensional unitary representation on a Hermitian vector space V is the direct sum of irreducible representations.

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Ligand

In coordination chemistry, a ligand is an ion or molecule (functional group) that binds to a central metal atom to form a coordination complex.

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Ligand field theory

Ligand field theory (LFT) describes the bonding, orbital arrangement, and other characteristics of coordination complexes.

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Molecular geometry

Molecular geometry is the three-dimensional arrangement of the atoms that constitute a molecule.

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Molybdenum hexacarbonyl

Molybdenum hexacarbonyl (also called molybdenum carbonyl) is the chemical compound with the formula Mo(CO)6.

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Molybdenum(III) bromide

Molybdenum(III) bromide is the inorganic compound with the formula MoBr3.

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Niobium(V) chloride

Niobium(V) chloride, also known as niobium pentachloride, is a yellow crystalline solid.

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Octahedral cluster

Octahedral clusters are inorganic or organometallic cluster compounds composed of six metals in an octahedral array.

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Octahedron

In geometry, an octahedron (plural: octahedra) is a polyhedron with eight faces, twelve edges, and six vertices.

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Organic chemistry

Organic chemistry is a chemistry subdiscipline involving the scientific study of the structure, properties, and reactions of organic compounds and organic materials, i.e., matter in its various forms that contain carbon atoms.

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Oxalate

Oxalate (IUPAC: ethanedioate) is the dianion with the formula, also written.

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Platonic solid

In three-dimensional space, a Platonic solid is a regular, convex polyhedron.

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Point group

In geometry, a point group is a group of geometric symmetries (isometries) that keep at least one point fixed.

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Polymer

A polymer (Greek poly-, "many" + -mer, "part") is a large molecule, or macromolecule, composed of many repeated subunits.

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Prefix

A prefix is an affix which is placed before the stem of a word.

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Pyridine

Pyridine is a basic heterocyclic organic compound with the chemical formula C5H5N.

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Racemization

In chemistry, racemization is the conversion of an enantiomerically pure mixture (one where only one enantiomer is present) into a mixture where more than one of the enantiomers are present.

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Ray–Dutt twist

The Ray–Dutt twist is a mechanism proposed for the racemization of octahedral complexes containing three bidentate chelate rings.

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Redox

Redox (short for reduction–oxidation reaction) (pronunciation: or) is a chemical reaction in which the oxidation states of atoms are changed.

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Spectrochemical series

A spectrochemical series is a list of ligands ordered on ligand strength and a list of metal ions based on oxidation number, group and its identity.

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Sulfur hexafluoride

Sulfur hexafluoride (SF6) is an inorganic, colorless, odorless, non-flammable, extremely potent greenhouse gas, and an excellent electrical insulator.

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Symmetry group

In group theory, the symmetry group of an object (image, signal, etc.) is the group of all transformations under which the object is invariant with composition as the group operation.

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Titanium(III) iodide

Titanium(III) iodide is an inorganic compound with the formula TiI3.

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Trigonal prismatic molecular geometry

In chemistry, the trigonal prismatic molecular geometry describes the shape of compounds where six atoms, groups of atoms, or ligands are arranged around a central atom, defining the vertices of a triangular prism.

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VSEPR theory

Valence shell electron pair repulsion (VSEPR) theory is a model used in chemistry to predict the geometry of individual molecules from the number of electron pairs surrounding their central atoms.

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Water

Water is a transparent, tasteless, odorless, and nearly colorless chemical substance that is the main constituent of Earth's streams, lakes, and oceans, and the fluids of most living organisms.

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Wavelength

In physics, the wavelength is the spatial period of a periodic wave—the distance over which the wave's shape repeats.

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Zirconium(IV) chloride

Zirconium(IV) chloride, also known as zirconium tetrachloride, is an inorganic compound frequently used as a precursor to other compounds of zirconium.

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Bioctahedral, Octahedral complex, Octahedral coordination, Octahedral coordination geometry, Octahedral geometry, Octahedral molecular structure, Trigonal prism, Trigonal prismatic, Trigonal prismatic geometry, Werner's Coordination Theory, Werner's coordination theory, Werner-type complex.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Octahedral_molecular_geometry

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