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Odia language

Index Odia language

Odia (ଓଡ଼ିଆ) (formerly romanized as Oriya) is a language spoken by 4.2% of India's population. [1]

206 relations: Achyutananda, Affricate consonant, Agharia, Ahmedabad, Allophone, Alveolar consonant, Amos Sutton, Andhra Pradesh, Angul, Anita Desai, Apabhraṃśa, Arabic, Ardhamagadhi Prakrit, Aspirated consonant, Australia, Back vowel, Baladeba Ratha, Balangir district, Balasore district, Baleswari Odia, Bangalore, Bangladesh, Bargarh district, Bengali language, Bhadrak, Bhatri language, Bhima Bhoi, Bhubaneswar, Bilabial consonant, Boudh, Boudh district, Brahmic scripts, Canada, Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, Charyapada, Chennai, Chhattisgarh, Classical language, Close vowel, Cuttack, Debagarh district, Dental consonant, Dhenkanal district, Durga, East Godavari district, East India, East Singhbhum district, Eastern Nagari script, England, Fakir Mohan Senapati, ..., Fiji, Flap consonant, Fricative consonant, Front vowel, Gajapati district, Gangadhar Meher, Ganjam, Ganjami Odia, Gemination, Gita Govinda, Glottal consonant, Goa, Gopabandhu Das, Gopinath Mohanty, Gujarat, Guwahati, Halbi language, Harekrushna Mahatab, Hathigumpha inscription, Hindi, Hyderabad, Hyderabad district, India, India, Indo-Aryan languages, Indo-Iranian languages, Indonesia, Intervocalic consonant, Jagadish Mohanty, Jagannath Temple, Puri, Jagannatha Dasa (Odia poet), Jagatsinghpur, Jainism, Jajpur, Jamshedpur, Jayadeva, Jharkhand, Jharsuguda district, Jnanpith Award, John Beames, Kalahandi district, Kalahandia Odia, Kalindi Charan Panigrahi, Kandhamal district, Kanha (poet), Kendrapara, Kharagpur, Khordha district, Kolkata, Koraput, Kosli language, Krushna Chandra Kar, Languages of India, Languages with official status in India, Laxmi Puran, List of languages by number of native speakers in India, Luipa, Madala Panji, Madhusudan Das, Madhusudan Rao, Madhya Pradesh, Magadhi Prakrit, Mahabharata, Mahasamund district, Mahbubnagar district, Malaysia, Malkangiri, Manoj Das, Maritime history of Odisha, Mayurbhanj district, Mid vowel, Middle East, Midnapore, Morpheme, Mumbai, Murmured voice, Myanmar, Nabarangpur, Nanda Kishore Bal, Nasal consonant, Nasal vowel, Nayagarh, New Delhi, Nuapada district, Odia alphabet, Odia Braille, Odia language, Odia literature, Odia people, Odisha, Open vowel, Palatal consonant, Persian language, Phulbani, Phulbani Odia, Place of articulation, Pondicherry, Pratibha Ray, Presidencies and provinces of British India, Pune, Puri, Radhanath Ray, Raigarh district, Raipur, Raipur district, Ramakanta Rath, Ramayana, Rayagada, Retroflex consonant, Sachidananda Routray, Sadasiva, Sadhaba, Sambalpur district, Sanskrit, Sarala Das, Sarojini Sahoo, Seraikela Kharsawan district, Shillong, Silvassa, Singhbhumi Odia, Sitakant Mahapatra, Sri Lanka, Srikakulam, Stop consonant, Subarnapur district, Sundargadi, Sundergarh district, Surat, Surendra Mohanty, Syllable, Tamil script, Telangana, Telugu script, Tilopa, Twilight language, United States, Universal Declaration of Human Rights, Upendra Bhanja, Utkala Brahmin, Vadodara, Vaishnavism, Vajrayana, Valmiki caste, Velar consonant, Velar nasal, Vilanka Ramayana, Visakhapatnam, Visakhapatnam district, Vizianagaram, Voice (phonetics), Voicelessness, Vyasa, West Bengal, West Singhbhum district, Works of Jayadeva, Worship, Yashodhara Mishra. Expand index (156 more) »

Achyutananda

Achyutananda Das (Achutānanda) or Acyutananda was a 16th-century poet seer and Vaishnava saint from Odisha, India.

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Affricate consonant

An affricate is a consonant that begins as a stop and releases as a fricative, generally with the same place of articulation (most often coronal).

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Agharia

Agharia is a Hindu caste from India.

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Ahmedabad

Ahmedabad, also known as Amdavad is the largest city and former capital of the Indian state of Gujarat.

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Allophone

In phonology, an allophone (from the ἄλλος, állos, "other" and φωνή, phōnē, "voice, sound") is one of a set of multiple possible spoken sounds, or phones, or signs used to pronounce a single phoneme in a particular language.

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Alveolar consonant

Alveolar consonants are articulated with the tongue against or close to the superior alveolar ridge, which is called that because it contains the alveoli (the sockets) of the superior teeth.

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Amos Sutton

Amos Sutton (1802 in Sevenoaks in Kent – 17 August 1854 in Cuttack, Odisha) was an English General Baptist missionary to Odisha, India, and hymn writer.

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Andhra Pradesh

Andhra Pradesh is one of the 29 states of India.

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Angul

Angul (also known as Anugul) is a town and a municipality and the headquarters of Angul district in the state of Odisha, India.

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Anita Desai

Anita Desai (born 24 June 1937) is an Indian novelist and the Emerita John E. Burchard Professor of Humanities at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

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Apabhraṃśa

Apabhranśa (अपभ्रंश,, Prakrit) is a term used by vyākaraṇin (grammarians) since Patañjali to refer to the dialects prevalent in the Ganges (east and west) before the rise of the modern languages.

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Arabic

Arabic (العَرَبِيَّة) or (عَرَبِيّ) or) is a Central Semitic language that first emerged in Iron Age northwestern Arabia and is now the lingua franca of the Arab world. It is named after the Arabs, a term initially used to describe peoples living from Mesopotamia in the east to the Anti-Lebanon mountains in the west, in northwestern Arabia, and in the Sinai peninsula. Arabic is classified as a macrolanguage comprising 30 modern varieties, including its standard form, Modern Standard Arabic, which is derived from Classical Arabic. As the modern written language, Modern Standard Arabic is widely taught in schools and universities, and is used to varying degrees in workplaces, government, and the media. The two formal varieties are grouped together as Literary Arabic (fuṣḥā), which is the official language of 26 states and the liturgical language of Islam. Modern Standard Arabic largely follows the grammatical standards of Classical Arabic and uses much of the same vocabulary. However, it has discarded some grammatical constructions and vocabulary that no longer have any counterpart in the spoken varieties, and has adopted certain new constructions and vocabulary from the spoken varieties. Much of the new vocabulary is used to denote concepts that have arisen in the post-classical era, especially in modern times. During the Middle Ages, Literary Arabic was a major vehicle of culture in Europe, especially in science, mathematics and philosophy. As a result, many European languages have also borrowed many words from it. Arabic influence, mainly in vocabulary, is seen in European languages, mainly Spanish and to a lesser extent Portuguese, Valencian and Catalan, owing to both the proximity of Christian European and Muslim Arab civilizations and 800 years of Arabic culture and language in the Iberian Peninsula, referred to in Arabic as al-Andalus. Sicilian has about 500 Arabic words as result of Sicily being progressively conquered by Arabs from North Africa, from the mid 9th to mid 10th centuries. Many of these words relate to agriculture and related activities (Hull and Ruffino). Balkan languages, including Greek and Bulgarian, have also acquired a significant number of Arabic words through contact with Ottoman Turkish. Arabic has influenced many languages around the globe throughout its history. Some of the most influenced languages are Persian, Turkish, Spanish, Urdu, Kashmiri, Kurdish, Bosnian, Kazakh, Bengali, Hindi, Malay, Maldivian, Indonesian, Pashto, Punjabi, Tagalog, Sindhi, and Hausa, and some languages in parts of Africa. Conversely, Arabic has borrowed words from other languages, including Greek and Persian in medieval times, and contemporary European languages such as English and French in modern times. Classical Arabic is the liturgical language of 1.8 billion Muslims and Modern Standard Arabic is one of six official languages of the United Nations. All varieties of Arabic combined are spoken by perhaps as many as 422 million speakers (native and non-native) in the Arab world, making it the fifth most spoken language in the world. Arabic is written with the Arabic alphabet, which is an abjad script and is written from right to left, although the spoken varieties are sometimes written in ASCII Latin from left to right with no standardized orthography.

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Ardhamagadhi Prakrit

Ardhamagadhi Prakrit was a Middle Indo-Aryan language and a Dramatic Prakrit thought to have been spoken in modern-day Uttar Pradesh and used in some early Buddhism and Jainism.

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Aspirated consonant

In phonetics, aspiration is the strong burst of breath that accompanies either the release or, in the case of preaspiration, the closure of some obstruents.

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Australia

Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands.

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Back vowel

A back vowel is any in a class of vowel sound used in spoken languages.

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Baladeba Ratha

Kabisurya (also transliterated as Kavisurya, Kabisurjya) Baladeba Ratha (c. 1789 – 1845) was an Odia poet and litterateur.

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Balangir district

Balangir District, also called Bolangir District, is a district situated in the western region of Odisha, in India.

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Balasore district

Balasore District also known as Baleswar District or Baleshwar District, is an administrative district of Odisha state in eastern India.

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Baleswari Odia

Baleshwari Odia (Odia: ବାଲେଶ୍ୱରୀ ଓଡିଆ) (also Northern Odia or Baleshwaria (Odia: ବାଲେଶ୍ଵରୀଆ) is a dialect of Odia spoken in the Mayurbhanj district, Balasore and Bhadrak of the Indian state of Odisha. It has linguistic variations to Standard Odia. Baleshwaria odia spoken in Mayurbhanj is more similar to Standard Odia (commonly called Mayurbhanjia) and has a more aboriginal twang, while northern Balasore regions have a typically different accent. Baleshwaria odia in the Balasore urban area and other parts of Balasore district are similar, however the dialect varies towards Soro, Baleshwar and bordering places of Bhadrak district.

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Bangalore

Bangalore, officially known as Bengaluru, is the capital of the Indian state of Karnataka.

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Bangladesh

Bangladesh (বাংলাদেশ, lit. "The country of Bengal"), officially the People's Republic of Bangladesh (গণপ্রজাতন্ত্রী বাংলাদেশ), is a country in South Asia.

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Bargarh district

Bargarh District is an administrative district of Odisha state in eastern India.

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Bengali language

Bengali, also known by its endonym Bangla (বাংলা), is an Indo-Aryan language spoken in South Asia.

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Bhadrak

Bhadrak is an administrative district of Odisha state in eastern India.

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Bhatri language

Bhatri is an Indic language spoken in Chhattisgarh, India.

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Bhima Bhoi

Bhima Bhoi (1850–1895) was a Khond saint, poet and philosopher from the state of Odisha in India.

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Bhubaneswar

Bhubaneswar, also spelt as Bhubaneshwar or Bhuvanēśvar, is the capital of the Indian state of Odisha.

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Bilabial consonant

In phonetics, a bilabial consonant is a consonant articulated with both lips.

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Boudh

Boudh is a town and a Notified Area Council in Boudh district in the state of Odisha, India.

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Boudh district

Boudh District is an administrative and a municipal district, one of the thirty in the Odisha, India.

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Brahmic scripts

The Brahmic scripts are a family of abugida or alphabet writing systems.

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Canada

Canada is a country located in the northern part of North America.

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Chaitanya Mahaprabhu

Chaitanya Mahaprabhu ((also transliterated Caitanya Mahāprabhu); 18 February 1486 – 14 June 1534) was a Vedic spiritual leader who founded Gaudiya Vaishnavism.

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Charyapada

The Charyapada (চর্যাপদ Sôrzapôd) (চর্যাপদ Chôrjapôd) is a collection of mystical poems, songs of realization in the Vajrayana tradition of Buddhism from the tantric tradition during the Pala Empire in Ancient Bengal, Bihar, Orissa.

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Chennai

Chennai (formerly known as Madras or) is the capital of the Indian state of Tamil Nadu.

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Chhattisgarh

Chhattisgarh (translation: Thirty-Six Forts) is one of the 29 states of India, located in the centre-east of the country.

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Classical language

A classical language is a language with a literature that is classical.

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Close vowel

A close vowel, also known as a high vowel (in American terminology), is any in a class of vowel sound used in many spoken languages.

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Cuttack

Cuttack is the former capital and the second largest city in the eastern Indian state of Odisha.

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Debagarh district

Debagarh District, also known as Deogarh District is a district of Odisha state, India.

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Dental consonant

A dental consonant is a consonant articulated with the tongue against the upper teeth, such as,,, and in some languages.

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Dhenkanal district

Dhenkanal District is an administrative division of Odisha, India.

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Durga

Durga, also identified as Adi Parashakti, Devī, Shakti, Bhavani, Parvati, Amba and by numerous other names, is a principal and popular form of Hindu goddess.

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East Godavari district

East Godavari district or Toorpu Godavari jilla is a district in Coastal Andhra region of Andhra Pradesh, India.

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East India

East India is a region of India consisting of the Indian states of Bihar, Jharkhand, West Bengal, Odisha and also the union territory Andaman and Nicobar Islands.

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East Singhbhum district

East Singhbhum (is one of the twenty-four districts of Jharkhand state, India. It was created on 16 January 1990. More than 50% of the district is covered by dense forests and mountains, where wild animals once roamed freely.

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Eastern Nagari script

Eastern Nagari script, Assamese script, Bengali script, Assamese-Bengali script or Purbi script is the basis of the Assamese alphabet and the Bengali alphabet.

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England

England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom.

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Fakir Mohan Senapati

Fakir Mohan Senapati (Odia: ଫକୀର ମୋହନ ସେନାପତି) (13 January 1843 – 14 June 1918), referred to as Utkal Byasa Kabi (trans. Odisha's Supreme Poet), born on 13 January 1843 at Mallikashpur in Balasore, played a leading role in establishing the distinct identity of Odia, a language mainly spoken in the Indian state of Odisha.

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Fiji

Fiji (Viti; Fiji Hindi: फ़िजी), officially the Republic of Fiji (Matanitu Tugalala o Viti; Fiji Hindi: फ़िजी गणराज्य), is an island country in Oceania in the South Pacific Ocean about northeast of New Zealand's North Island.

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Flap consonant

In phonetics, a flap or tap is a type of consonantal sound, which is produced with a single contraction of the muscles so that one articulator (such as the tongue) is thrown against another.

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Fricative consonant

Fricatives are consonants produced by forcing air through a narrow channel made by placing two articulators close together.

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Front vowel

A front vowel is any in a class of vowel sound used in some spoken languages, its defining characteristic being that the highest point of the tongue is positioned relatively in front in the mouth without creating a constriction that would make it a consonant.

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Gajapati district

Gajapati is a district of Odisha, India.

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Gangadhar Meher

Swabhaba kabi Gangadhar Meher was a renowned Odia poet of the 19th century, famously known as Swabhab Kavi.

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Ganjam

Ganjam is a town and a notified area council in Ganjam district in the state of Odisha, India.

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Ganjami Odia

Ganjami Odia (ଗଞ୍ଜାମି ଓଡ଼ିଆ) is a dialect of the Odia language spoken in Ganjam and Gajapati districts of Odisha and in the Srikakulam district of Andhra Pradesh) Here are few of the typical Ganjami words and their synonyms in standard Odia.

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Gemination

Gemination, or consonant elongation, is the pronouncing in phonetics of a spoken consonant for an audibly longer period of time than that of a short consonant.

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Gita Govinda

The Gita Govinda (ଗୀତ ଗୋବିନ୍ଦ, Bengali:গীতগোবিন্দ, Devanagari: गीत गोविन्द) (Song of Govinda) is a work composed by the 12th-century Indian poet, Jayadeva.

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Glottal consonant

Glottal consonants are consonants using the glottis as their primary articulation.

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Goa

Goa is a state in India within the coastal region known as the Konkan, in Western India.

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Gopabandhu Das

Gopabandhu Das (1877–1928), popularly known as Utkalamani (Jewel of Utkal or Orissa), was a social worker, reformer, political activist, journalist, poet and essayist.

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Gopinath Mohanty

Gopinath Mohanty (1914–1991), winner of the prestigious Jnanpith award, and the first ever winner of the National Sahitya Akademi Award in 1955 - for his novel, Amrutara Santana - was a preeminent and prolific Odia writer of the mid-twentieth century.

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Gujarat

Gujarat is a state in Western India and Northwest India with an area of, a coastline of – most of which lies on the Kathiawar peninsula – and a population in excess of 60 million.

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Guwahati

Guwahati (Pragjyotishpura in ancient Assam, Gauhati in the modern era) is the largest city in the Indian state of Assam and also the largest urban area in Northeast India.

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Halbi language

Halbi (also Bastari, Halba, Halvas, Halabi, Halvi, Mahari, Mehari) is an Eastern Indo-Aryan language, transitional between Oriya and Marathi.

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Harekrushna Mahatab

Harekrushna Mahatab (21 November 1899 – 2 January 1987) was a leader of the Indian National Congress, a notable figure in the Indian independence movement and the Chief Minister of Odisha from 1946 to 1950 and again from 1956 to 1961.

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Hathigumpha inscription

The Hathigumpha Inscription ("Elephant Cave" inscription), from Udayagiri, near Bhubaneswar in Odisha, was inscribed by Kharavela, the then Emperor of Kalinga in India, during 2nd century BCE.

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Hindi

Hindi (Devanagari: हिन्दी, IAST: Hindī), or Modern Standard Hindi (Devanagari: मानक हिन्दी, IAST: Mānak Hindī) is a standardised and Sanskritised register of the Hindustani language.

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Hyderabad

Hyderabad is the capital of the Indian state of Telangana and de jure capital of Andhra Pradesh.

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Hyderabad district, India

Hyderabad District is a district in the state of Telangana in India that contains a part of the metropolitan area of Hyderabad.

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India

India (IAST), also called the Republic of India (IAST), is a country in South Asia.

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Indo-Aryan languages

The Indo-Aryan or Indic languages are the dominant language family of the Indian subcontinent.

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Indo-Iranian languages

The Indo-Iranian languages or Indo-Iranic languages, or Aryan languages, constitute the largest and easternmost extant branch of the Indo-European language family.

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Indonesia

Indonesia (or; Indonesian), officially the Republic of Indonesia (Republik Indonesia), is a transcontinental unitary sovereign state located mainly in Southeast Asia, with some territories in Oceania.

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Intervocalic consonant

In phonetics and phonology, an intervocalic consonant is a consonant that occurs in the middle of a word, between two vowels.

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Jagadish Mohanty

Jagadish Mohanty (17 February 1951 – 29 December 2013) was a renowned Odia writer, considered as a trendsetter in modern Odia fiction, has received the prestigious Sarala Award in 2003, Odisha Sahitya Akademi Award in 1990, Dharitri Award in 1985, Jhankar Award, Prajatantra Award.

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Jagannath Temple, Puri

The Shree Jagannath Temple (Odia: ଶ୍ରୀ ଜଗନ୍ନାଥ ମନ୍ଦିର) of Puri is an important Hindu temple dedicated to Lord Jagannath, a form of lord Vishnu, located on the eastern coast of India, at Puri in the state of Odisha.

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Jagannatha Dasa (Odia poet)

Jagannatha Dasa (c. 1491-1550) was an Odia poet and litterateur.

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Jagatsinghpur

Jagatsinghpur is a town and a municipality in Jagatsinghpur district in the Indian state of Odisha.

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Jainism

Jainism, traditionally known as Jain Dharma, is an ancient Indian religion.

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Jajpur

Jajpur (also known as Jajapur) is a city and a municipality in Jajpur district in the Indian state of Odisha.

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Jamshedpur

Jamshedpur is the most populous urban agglomeration in the Indian state of Jharkhand.

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Jayadeva

Jayadeva (b.), also known as Jaidev, was a Sanskrit poet during the 12th century.

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Jharkhand

Jharkhand (lit. "Bushland" or The land of forest) is a state in eastern India, carved out of the southern part of Bihar on 15 November 2000.

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Jharsuguda district

Jharsuguda is a district in Odisha, India with Jharsuguda town as its headquarters.

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Jnanpith Award

The Jnanpith Award is an Indian literary award presented annually by the Bharatiya Jnanpith to an author for their "outstanding contribution towards literature".

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John Beames

John Beames (21 June 1837 – 24 May 1902) was a civil servant in British India and an author.

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Kalahandi district

Kalahandi (locally pronounced Kalahani) is a district of Odisha in India.

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Kalahandia Odia

Kalahandia is spoken in the region of Kalahandi and Nuapada district of Odisha state in India.

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Kalindi Charan Panigrahi

Kalindi Charan Panigrahi (2 July 1901 – 15 May 1991) was a noted Odia poet, novelist, story writer, dramatist, and essayist.

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Kandhamal district

Kandhamal is a district of the state of Odisha, India.

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Kanha (poet)

Kanha or Kanhapadorkanhupa was one of the poets of Charjapad, the earliest known example of Odia and Bengali literature.

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Kendrapara

Kendrapara is a town and a Municipality in Kendrapara district in the Indian state of Odisha.

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Kharagpur

Kharagpur is an important industrial city in Paschim Medinipur district of West Bengal, India.

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Khordha district

Khordha (ଖୋର୍ଦ୍ଧା) is an administrative division of the state of Odisha, India.

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Kolkata

Kolkata (also known as Calcutta, the official name until 2001) is the capital of the Indian state of West Bengal.

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Koraput

Koraput is a town and a Municipality in Koraput district in the Indian state of Odisha.

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Kosli language

Sambalpuri, is a variety of Odia language spoken in western Odisha.

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Krushna Chandra Kar

Krushna Chandra Kar (1907–1995) was an Indian poet and literary critic who has written both in the Odia and English.

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Languages of India

Languages spoken in India belong to several language families, the major ones being the Indo-Aryan languages spoken by 76.5% of Indians and the Dravidian languages spoken by 20.5% of Indians.

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Languages with official status in India

The Constitution of India designates the official language of the Government of India as Hindi written in the Devanagari script, as well as English.

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Laxmi Puran

The Lakshmi (Laxmi) Purana is a purana written in the 15th century by Balarama Dasa, a major poet of Odia literature who is often considered the senior most poet in the Age of Panchasakha.

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List of languages by number of native speakers in India

India is home to several hundred languages.

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Luipa

Luipa or Luipada (লুইপা, লুইপা,, c. 10th century) was a mahasiddha or siddhacharya from East India.

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Madala Panji

Madala Panji (Odia ମାଦଳା ପାଂଜି) is a chronicle of the Jagannath Temple, Puri, Odisha, India.

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Madhusudan Das

Madhusudan Das (28 April 1848 – 4 February 1934) was the first graduate and advocate of Odisha.

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Madhusudan Rao

Madhusudan Rao (19 January 1853 - 28 December 1912) was an Odia poet and writer from India.

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Madhya Pradesh

Madhya Pradesh (MP;; meaning Central Province) is a state in central India.

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Magadhi Prakrit

Magadhi Prakrit (Māgadhī) was a vernacular Middle Indo-Aryan language, replacing earlier Vedic Sanskrit in parts of the Indian subcontinents.

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Mahabharata

The Mahābhārata (महाभारतम्) is one of the two major Sanskrit epics of ancient India, the other being the Rāmāyaṇa.

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Mahasamund district

Mahasamund District is an administrative district in Chhattisgarh state in eastern India.

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Mahbubnagar district

Mahabubnagar district is a district in the Indian state of Telangana.

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Malaysia

Malaysia is a federal constitutional monarchy in Southeast Asia.

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Malkangiri

Malkangiri is a town and a Municipality in Malkangiri district in the Indian state of Odisha.

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Manoj Das

Manoj Das (born 1934) is an award-winning Indian author who writes in Odia and English.

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Maritime history of Odisha

The Maritime history of Odisha (ଓଡ଼ିଶା), known as Kalinga in ancient times, started before 350 BC according to early sources.

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Mayurbhanj district

Mayurbhanj district is one of the 30 districts in Odisha state in eastern India.

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Mid vowel

A mid vowel (or a true-mid vowel) is any in a class of vowel sounds used in some spoken languages.

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Middle East

The Middle Easttranslit-std; translit; Orta Şərq; Central Kurdish: ڕۆژھەڵاتی ناوین, Rojhelatî Nawîn; Moyen-Orient; translit; translit; translit; Rojhilata Navîn; translit; Bariga Dhexe; Orta Doğu; translit is a transcontinental region centered on Western Asia, Turkey (both Asian and European), and Egypt (which is mostly in North Africa).

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Midnapore

Midnapore city (Pron: med̪iːniːpur) is the district headquarters of Paschim Medinipur district of the Indian state of West Bengal.

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Morpheme

A morpheme is the smallest grammatical unit in a language.

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Mumbai

Mumbai (also known as Bombay, the official name until 1995) is the capital city of the Indian state of Maharashtra.

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Murmured voice

Murmur (also called breathy voice, whispery voice, soughing and susurration) is a phonation in which the vocal folds vibrate, as they do in normal (modal) voicing, but are adjusted to let more air escape which produces a sighing-like sound.

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Myanmar

Myanmar, officially the Republic of the Union of Myanmar and also known as Burma, is a sovereign state in Southeast Asia.

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Nabarangpur

Nabarangpur, also known as Nabarangapur or Nowrangpur, is a town and a municipality in Nabarangapur district in the Indian state of Odisha.

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Nanda Kishore Bal

Nanda Kishore Bal (22 December 1875 – 1 July 1928), was an Indian poet of the era of initial modernity in Odia poetry.

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Nasal consonant

In phonetics, a nasal, also called a nasal occlusive, nasal stop in contrast with a nasal fricative, or nasal continuant, is an occlusive consonant produced with a lowered velum, allowing air to escape freely through the nose.

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Nasal vowel

A nasal vowel is a vowel that is produced with a lowering of the velum so that air escapes both through the nose as well as the mouth, such as the French vowel.

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Nayagarh

Nayagarh is a town and a notified area council (NAC) in Nayagarh district in the Indian state of Odisha.

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New Delhi

New Delhi is an urban district of Delhi which serves as the capital of India and seat of all three branches of Government of India.

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Nuapada district

Nuapada(ନୂଆପଡା ଜିଲ୍ଲା) is a district of Odisha.

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Odia alphabet

The Odia script (ଓଡ଼ିଆ ଲେଖନୀ ଶୈଳୀ), also known as the Odia script, is a Brahmic script used to write the Odia language.

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Odia Braille

Odia Braille is one of the Bharati braille alphabets.

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Odia language

Odia (ଓଡ଼ିଆ) (formerly romanized as Oriya) is a language spoken by 4.2% of India's population.

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Odia literature

Odia language literature (ଓଡ଼ିଆ ସାହିତ୍ୟ)is the predominant literature of the state of Odisha in India.

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Odia people

The Odia (ଓଡ଼ିଆ), formerly known as Oriya, are an Indo-Aryan ethnic group native to the East Indian state of Odisha and have the Odia language as their mother tongue.

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Odisha

Odisha (formerly Orissa) is one of the 29 states of India, located in eastern India.

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Open vowel

An open vowel is a vowel sound in which the tongue is positioned as far as possible from the roof of the mouth.

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Palatal consonant

Palatal consonants are consonants articulated with the body of the tongue raised against the hard palate (the middle part of the roof of the mouth).

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Persian language

Persian, also known by its endonym Farsi (فارسی), is one of the Western Iranian languages within the Indo-Iranian branch of the Indo-European language family.

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Phulbani

Phulbani is a municipality and administrative headquarters of Kandhamal district.

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Phulbani Odia

Phulabani Odia/Phulbani Odia (ଫୁଲବାଣୀ ଓଡିଆ): spoken in Phulbani, Phulbani Town, Khajuripada block,Phiringia Block of Kandhamal and Boudh district.The Odia spoken Form of Phulbani & Boudh by the tribal language like Kui,Kurukh & Kalahandia Odia.It is inclined more towards Standard Odia literary Language.

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Place of articulation

In articulatory phonetics, the place of articulation (also point of articulation) of a consonant is the point of contact where an obstruction occurs in the vocal tract between an articulatory gesture, an active articulator (typically some part of the tongue), and a passive location (typically some part of the roof of the mouth).

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Pondicherry

Pondicherry (or; French: Pondichéry) is the capital city and the largest city of the Indian union territory of Puducherry.

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Pratibha Ray

Pratibha Ray is an Indian academic and writer.

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Presidencies and provinces of British India

The Provinces of India, earlier Presidencies of British India and still earlier, Presidency towns, were the administrative divisions of British governance in the subcontinent.

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Pune

Pune, formerly spelled Poona (1857–1978), is the second largest city in the Indian state of Maharashtra, after Mumbai.

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Puri

Puri is a city and a Municipality in the state of Odisha in eastern India.

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Radhanath Ray

Radhanath Ray (ରାଧାନାଥ ରାୟ) (28 September 1848 – 27 April 1908) was an Odia of initial modernity era in Odia poetry during the later part of nineteenth century.

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Raigarh district

Raigarh district is a district of the state of Chhattisgarh, in India.

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Raipur

Raipur is a city in Raipur district in the Indian state of Chhattisgarh.

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Raipur district

Raipur district is a district in the Chhattisgarh state of India.

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Ramakanta Rath

Ramakanta Rath (born 13 December 1934) is one of the most renowned modernist poets in the Odia literature.

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Ramayana

Ramayana (रामायणम्) is an ancient Indian epic poem which narrates the struggle of the divine prince Rama to rescue his wife Sita from the demon king Ravana.

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Rayagada

Rayagada is a municipality in Rayagada district in the Indian state of Odisha.

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Retroflex consonant

A retroflex consonant is a coronal consonant where the tongue has a flat, concave, or even curled shape, and is articulated between the alveolar ridge and the hard palate.

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Sachidananda Routray

Sachidananda Routray (13 May 1916 – 21 August 2004) was an Odia poet, novelist, short-story writer.

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Sadasiva

Sadasiva (सदाशिव,, சதாசிவம்), is the Supreme Being Lord Parashivam in the Mantra marga Siddhanta sect of Shaivism.

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Sadhaba

Sadhabas (or Sadhavas) were ancient mariners from the Kalinga empire, which roughly corresponds to modern Odisha, India.

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Sambalpur district

Sambalpur District is a district in the western part of state of Odisha, India.

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Sanskrit

Sanskrit is the primary liturgical language of Hinduism; a philosophical language of Hinduism, Sikhism, Buddhism and Jainism; and a former literary language and lingua franca for the educated of ancient and medieval India.

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Sarala Das

Sarala Dasa or Sarala Das was a 15th-century poet and scholar of Odia literature.

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Sarojini Sahoo

Sarojini Sahoo (ସରୋଜିନୀ ସାହୁ) (born 1956) is an Orissa Sahitya Academy Award winner Indian feminist writer, a columnist in The New Indian Express and an associate editor of Chennai-based English magazine Indian AGE. She has been enlisted among 25 Exceptional Women of India by Kindle Magazine of Kolkata.

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Seraikela Kharsawan district

Seraikela-Kharsawan district or Saraikella and Kharaswan district: formerly the Princely State of Seraikella/Saraikella is one of the twenty-four districts of Jharkhand state in eastern India. Seraikela town is the district headquarters of Saraikela Kharsawan district. The district is well known for Seraikela Chhau, one of the three distinctive styles of the chhau dance. This district was carved out from West Singhbhum district in 2001.

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Shillong

Shillong (Khasi: Shillong) is a hill station in the northeastern part of India and the capital of Meghalaya, which means "The Abode of Clouds" and is one of the smallest states in India.

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Silvassa

Silvassa; is the capital of the Indian Union Territory of Dadra and Nagar Haveli.

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Singhbhumi Odia

Singhbhumi Odia is the northernmost dialect of the Odia language spoken in the districts of Seraikella-Kharsawan and West Singhbhum and parts of East Singhbhum district of Jharkhand.

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Sitakant Mahapatra

Sitakant Mahapatra (born 17 September 1937) is an eminent Indian poet and literary critic in Odia as well as English.

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Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka (Sinhala: ශ්‍රී ලංකා; Tamil: இலங்கை Ilaṅkai), officially the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka, is an island country in South Asia, located in the Indian Ocean to the southwest of the Bay of Bengal and to the southeast of the Arabian Sea.

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Srikakulam

Srikakulam is a city and the district headquarters of Srikakulam district in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh.

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Stop consonant

In phonetics, a stop, also known as a plosive or oral occlusive, is a consonant in which the vocal tract is blocked so that all airflow ceases.

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Subarnapur district

Subarnapur District, also called Sonepur District or Sonapur District (ସୋନପୁର ଜିଲ୍ଲା) is an administrative district of Odisha state in eastern India.

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Sundargadi

Sundargadi Odia is a variation of Odia language which developed in western part of Odisha, India.

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Sundergarh district

Sundergarh District also spelled Sundargarh District is a district in the northwestern part of Odisha state in eastern India.

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Surat

Surat is a city in the Indian state of Gujarat.

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Surendra Mohanty

Surendra Mohanty (21 June 1922- 21 December 1990) born in Odisha was an author who wrote in Oriya.

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Syllable

A syllable is a unit of organization for a sequence of speech sounds.

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Tamil script

The Tamil script (தமிழ் அரிச்சுவடி) is an abugida script that is used by Tamils and Tamil speakers in India, Sri Lanka, Malaysia, Singapore and elsewhere to write the Tamil language, as well as to write the liturgical language Sanskrit, using consonants and diacritics not represented in the Tamil alphabet.

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Telangana

Telangana is a state in the south of India.

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Telugu script

Telugu script (Telugu lipi), an abugida from the Brahmic family of scripts, is used to write the Telugu language, a Dravidian language spoken in the South Indian states of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana as well as several other neighbouring states.

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Tilopa

Tilopa (Prakrit; Sanskrit: Talika or Tilopada) (988–1069) was born in either Chativavo (Chittagong), Bengal or Jagora, Bengal in India.

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Twilight language

Twilight language is a rendering of the Sanskrit term (written also,,;, THL gongpé ké) or of their modern Indic equivalents (especially in Bengali, Odia, Assamese, Maithili, Hindi, Nepali, Braj Bhasha and Khariboli).

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United States

The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.

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Universal Declaration of Human Rights

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) is a historic document that was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly at its third session on 10 December 1948 as Resolution 217 at the Palais de Chaillot in Paris, France.

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Upendra Bhanja

Kabi Samrata Upendra Bhanja (born during 1670 (opinions differ between 1670 and 1688) at Kullada, Ghumusara a princely state in Bhanjanagar, near Berhampur city in south of Odisha and died during 1740 (again opinions differ)) was considered as the greatest poet of Odia Literature and was awarded the title "Kabi-Samrata" (also given as Kabi) – "The Emperor of Poets".

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Utkala Brahmin

Utkala is a Brahmin caste in India.

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Vadodara

Vadodara (formerly known as Baroda) is the third-largest.

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Vaishnavism

Vaishnavism (Vaishnava dharma) is one of the major traditions within Hinduism along with Shaivism, Shaktism, and Smartism.

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Vajrayana

Vajrayāna, Mantrayāna, Tantrayāna, Tantric Buddhism and Esoteric Buddhism are the various Buddhist traditions of Tantra and "Secret Mantra", which developed in medieval India and spread to Tibet and East Asia.

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Valmiki caste

The Valmiki (also Balmiki) is a Dalit community of India.

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Velar consonant

Velars are consonants articulated with the back part of the tongue (the dorsum) against the soft palate, the back part of the roof of the mouth (known also as the velum).

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Velar nasal

The velar nasal, also known as agma, from the Greek word for fragment, is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages.

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Vilanka Ramayana

Vilanka Ramayana is a 15th-century retelling of the Indian epic poem, the Ramayana, written by Sarala Das in Odia, describing the fight between Rama and Ravana.

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Visakhapatnam

Visakhapatnam (also known as Vizag and Waltair is the largest city and the financial capital of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. The city is the administrative headquarters of Visakhapatnam district and the Eastern Naval Command of the Indian Navy. Its geographical location is amidst the Eastern Ghats and the coast of the Bay of Bengal. It is the most populous city in the state with a population of 2,035,922 as of 2011, making it the 14th largest city in the country. It is also the 9th most populous metropolitan area in India with a population of 5,340,000. With an output of $43.5 billion, Visakhapatnam is the ninth-largest contributor to India's overall gross domestic product as of 2016. Visakhapatnam's history stretches back to the 6th century BCE, when it was considered a part of the Kalinga Kingdom, and later ruled by the Vengi, the Pallava and Eastern Ganga dynasties. Archaeological records suggest that the present city was built around the 11th and 12th centuries with control over the city fluctuating between the Chola Dynasty and the Gajapati Kingdom, until its conquest by the Vijayanagara Empire in the 15th century. Conquered by the Mughals in the 16th century, European powers eventually set up trading interests in the city, and by the end of the 18th century it had come under French rule. Control passed to the British in 1804 and it remained under British colonial rule until India's independence in 1947. The city is home to the oldest shipyard and the only natural harbour on the east coast of India. Visakhapatnam Port is the fifth-busiest cargo port in India, and the city is home to the headquarters of the Indian Navy's Eastern Command. Visakhapatnam is a major tourist destination and is particularly known for its beaches. It is referred to by many nicknames such asThe City of Destiny and The Jewel of the East Coast. It has been selected as one of the Indian cities to be developed as a smart city under the Smart Cities Mission. As per the Swachhta Sarvekshan rankings of 2017, it is the third cleanest city in India.

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Visakhapatnam district

Visakhapatnam district is a district in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh.

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Vizianagaram

Vizianagaram is a city and district headquarters of Vizianagaram district in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh.

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Voice (phonetics)

Voice is a term used in phonetics and phonology to characterize speech sounds (usually consonants).

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Voicelessness

In linguistics, voicelessness is the property of sounds being pronounced without the larynx vibrating.

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Vyasa

Vyasa (व्यास, literally "Compiler") is a central and revered figure in most Hindu traditions.

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West Bengal

West Bengal (Paśchimbāṅga) is an Indian state, located in Eastern India on the Bay of Bengal.

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West Singhbhum district

West Singhbhum or Pashchimi Singhbhum is one of the 24 districts of Jharkhand state, India.

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Works of Jayadeva

Jayadeva was an 11th-century Sanskrit poet and lyricist from present-day India.

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Worship

Worship is an act of religious devotion usually directed towards a deity.

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Yashodhara Mishra

Dr.

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Redirects here:

Adivasi Oriya, Adivasi Oriya language, Adiwasi Oriya language, Bathudi language, Bhuiya language, Desiya Oriya language, Desiya language, Early Middle Odia, ISO 639:dso, ISO 639:or, ISO 639:ori, ISO 639:ort, ISO 639:ory, Jagannathi language, Kotia language, Late Middle Odia, List of Oriya languages, Middle Odia, Modern Odia, Nuclear Oriya language, Odhiya language, Odia (macrolanguage), Odia Language, Odia dialects and varieties, Odia languages, Odiya language, Old Odia, Oriya (individual language), Oriya (language), Oriya (macrolanguage), Oriya Language, Oriya language, Oriya languages, Oriya-language, ଓଡ଼ିଆ.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Odia_language

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