115 relations: Abstentionism, Aldershot, Andersonstown, Anti-imperialism, Ardfheis, Battle of the Bogside, BBC News, BBC Online, Belfast, Belfast Telegraph, Billy McKee, Billy McMillen, Bloody Sunday (1972), Bloody Sunday Inquiry, Bogside, Border Campaign (Irish Republican Army), Bourgeoisie, Brendan Hughes, British Armed Forces, British Empire, Cathal Goulding, Ceasefire, Communism, Communist Party of Great Britain, Conflict Archive on the Internet, Connolly Association, Corporal punishment, Counties of Ireland, County Down, David McKittrick, Dáil Éireann, Dáithí Ó Conaill, De facto, Democratic Left (Ireland), Derry, Dublin, Easter Lily (badge), Easter Rising, England, Eoghan Harris, Falls Curfew, Falls Road, Belfast, Free Derry, Gordon Brown, Henry McDonald (writer), HM Prison Maze, Hurley (stick), Independent International Commission on Decommissioning, Ireland, Irish Catholics, ..., Irish Free State, Irish National Liberation Army, Irish nationalism, Irish Republic, Irish Republican Army, Irish Republican Army (1922–1969), Irish republicanism, Joe Cahill, Joe McCann, John Barnhill (politician), John Taylor, Baron Kilclooney, Kevin O'Higgins, KGB, Martin McGuinness, Marxism, Marxism–Leninism, Newry, North Korea, Northern Ireland, Northern Ireland Civil Rights Association, Official IRA Belfast Brigade, Operation Demetrius, Orange Order, Organized crime, Parachute Regiment (United Kingdom), Pluto Press, Popular front, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, Provisional Irish Republican Army, Provisional Irish Republican Army campaign, Racket (crime), Republic of Ireland, Royal Ulster Constabulary, Ruairí Ó Brádaigh, Ruling class, Seamus Costello, Seamus Twomey, Seán Garland, Seán Mac Stíofáin, Sinn Féin, Socialist state, Soviet Union, Springfield Road, Strabane, The Troubles, Tomás Mac Giolla, UDA South East Antrim Brigade, Ulster Defence Association, Ulster loyalism, Ulster Protestants, Ulster Unionist Party, Unionism in Ireland, United front, United Ireland, United Kingdom, United States dollar, UTV (TV channel), Vasili Mitrokhin, Vigilante, Wicklow, Workers' Party of Ireland, Working class, 1969 Northern Ireland riots, 1972 Aldershot bombing, 1981 Irish hunger strike. Expand index (65 more) » « Shrink index
Abstentionism is standing for election to a deliberative assembly while refusing to take up any seats won or otherwise participate in the assembly's business.
Aldershot is a town in the Rushmoor district of Hampshire, England.
Andersonstown is a suburb in west Belfast, Northern Ireland.
Anti-imperialism in political science and international relations is a term used in a variety of contexts, usually by nationalist movements who want to secede from a larger polity (usually in the form of an empire, but also in a multi-ethnic sovereign state) or as a specific theory opposed to capitalism in Marxist–Leninist discourse, derived from Vladimir Lenin's work Imperialism, the Highest Stage of Capitalism.
Ardfheis or Ard Fheis ("high assembly"; plural Ardfheiseanna) is the name used by many Irish political parties for their annual party conference.
The Battle of the Bogside was a very large communal riot that took place from 12 to 14 August 1969 in Derry, Northern Ireland.
BBC News is an operational business division of the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) responsible for the gathering and broadcasting of news and current affairs.
BBC Online, formerly known as BBCi, is the BBC's online service.
Belfast (is the capital city of Northern Ireland, located on the banks of the River Lagan on the east coast of Ireland.
The Belfast Telegraph is a daily newspaper published in Belfast, Northern Ireland, by Independent News & Media.
Billy McKee (Liam Mac Aoidh; born 1921) is an Irish republican and a founding member and former leader of the Provisional Irish Republican Army (PIRA).
Liam "Billy" McMillen (19 May 1927 – 28 April 1975) was an Irish republican activist and an officer of the Official Irish Republican Army (OIRA) from Belfast, Northern Ireland.
Bloody Sunday – sometimes called the Bogside Massacre – was an incident on 30 January 1972 in the Bogside area of Derry, Northern Ireland, when British soldiers shot 28 unarmed civilians during a peaceful protest march against internment.
The Bloody Sunday Inquiry, also known as the Saville Inquiry or the Saville Report after its chairman, Lord Saville of Newdigate, was established in 1998 by British Prime Minister Tony Blair after campaigns for a second inquiry by families of those killed and injured in Derry on Bloody Sunday during the peak of ethno-political violence known as The Troubles.
The Bogside is a neighbourhood outside the city walls of Derry, County Londonderry, Northern Ireland.
The Border Campaign (12 December 1956 – 26 February 1962) was a guerrilla warfare campaign (codenamed Operation Harvest) carried out by the Irish Republican Army (IRA) against targets in Northern Ireland, with the aim of overthrowing British rule there and creating a united Ireland.
The bourgeoisie is a polysemous French term that can mean.
Brendan Hughes (16 October 1948 – 16 February 2008), also known as "The Dark", and "Darkie" was a leading Irish republican and former Officer Commanding (OC) of the Belfast Brigade of the Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA).
The British Armed Forces, also known as Her/His Majesty's Armed Forces, are the military services responsible for the defence of the United Kingdom, its overseas territories and the Crown dependencies.
The British Empire comprised the dominions, colonies, protectorates, mandates and other territories ruled or administered by the United Kingdom and its predecessor states.
Cathal Goulding (Cathal Ó Goillín; 2 January 1923 – 26 December 1998) was Chief of Staff of the Irish Republican Army and the Official IRA.
A ceasefire (or truce), also called cease fire, is a temporary stoppage of a war in which each side agrees with the other to suspend aggressive actions.
In political and social sciences, communism (from Latin communis, "common, universal") is the philosophical, social, political, and economic ideology and movement whose ultimate goal is the establishment of the communist society, which is a socioeconomic order structured upon the common ownership of the means of production and the absence of social classes, money and the state.
The Communist Party of Great Britain (CPGB) was a British communist party which was the largest communist party in Great Britain, although it never became a mass party like those in France and Italy.
CAIN (Conflict Archive on the Internet) is a database containing information about Conflict and Politics in Northern Ireland from 1968 to the present.
The Connolly Association is an organisation based among Irish emigrants in Britain which supports the aims of Irish republicanism.
Corporal punishment or physical punishment is a punishment intended to cause physical pain on a person.
The counties of Ireland (contaetha na hÉireann; Ulster-Scots: coonties o Airlann) are sub-national divisions that have been, and in some cases continue to be, used to geographically demarcate areas of local government.
County Down is one of six counties that form Northern Ireland in the northeast of the island of Ireland.
David McKittrick (born 1949) is a Belfast-born journalist who has reported on Northern Ireland since 1971.
Dáil Éireann (lit. Assembly of Ireland) is the lower house, and principal chamber, of the Oireachtas (Irish legislature), which also includes the President of Ireland and Seanad Éireann (the upper house).
Dáithí Ó Conaill (David O'Connell) (May 1938 – 1 January 1991) was an Irish republican, a member of the IRA Army Council, and vice-president of Sinn Féin and Republican Sinn Féin.
In law and government, de facto (or;, "in fact") describes practices that exist in reality, even if not legally recognised by official laws.
Democratic Left was a left-wing political party in Ireland between 1992 and 1999.
Derry, officially Londonderry, is the second-largest city in Northern Ireland and the fourth-largest city on the island of Ireland.
Dublin is the capital of and largest city in Ireland.
The Easter Lily (Lile na Cásca) is a badge in the shape of a calla lily flower, worn at Easter by Irish republicans as symbol of remembrance for Irish republican combatants who died during or were executed after the 1916 Easter Rising.
The Easter Rising (Éirí Amach na Cásca), also known as the Easter Rebellion, was an armed insurrection in Ireland during Easter Week, April 1916.
England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom.
Eoghan Harris (born 1943) is an Irish journalist, fiction writer, director, columnist and politician.
The Falls Curfew, also called the Battle of the Falls (or Lower Falls), was a British Army operation during 3–5 July 1970 in the Falls district of Belfast, Northern Ireland.
The Falls Road is the main road through west Belfast, Northern Ireland, running from Divis Street in Belfast city centre to Andersonstown in the suburbs.
Free Derry was a self-declared autonomous nationalist area of Derry, Northern Ireland, that existed between 1969 and 1972.
James Gordon Brown (born 20 February 1951) is a British politician who was Prime Minister of the United Kingdom and Leader of the Labour Party from 2007 to 2010.
Henry McDonald is a writer and Ireland correspondent for The Guardian and Observer.
Her Majesty's Prison Maze (previously Long Kesh Detention Centre and known colloquially as the Maze Prison, The Maze, the H Blocks or Long Kesh) was a prison in Northern Ireland that was used to house paramilitary prisoners during the Troubles from mid-1971 to mid-2000.
A hurley (or camán) is a wooden stick used in the Irish sports of hurling and camogie.
The Independent International Commission on Decommissioning (IICD) was established to oversee the decommissioning of paramilitary weapons in Northern Ireland, as part of the peace process.
Ireland (Éire; Ulster-Scots: Airlann) is an island in the North Atlantic.
Irish Catholics are an ethnoreligious group native to Ireland that are both Catholic and Irish.
The Irish Free State (Saorstát Éireann; 6 December 192229 December 1937) was a state established in 1922 under the Anglo-Irish Treaty of December 1921.
The Irish National Liberation Army (INLA, Arm Saoirse Náisiúnta na hÉireann) is an Irish republican socialist paramilitary group formed on 10 December 1974, during "the Troubles".
Irish nationalism is an ideology which asserts that the Irish people are a nation.
The Irish Republic (Poblacht na hÉireann or Saorstát Éireann) was a revolutionary state that declared its independence from the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland in January 1919.
The Irish Republican Army (IRA) is any of several paramilitary movements in Ireland in the 20th and 21st centuries dedicated to Irish republicanism, the belief that all of Ireland should be an independent republic.
The original Irish Republican Army (IRA) fought a guerrilla war against British rule in Ireland in the Irish War of Independence between 1919 and 1921.
Irish republicanism (poblachtánachas Éireannach) is an ideology based on the belief that all of Ireland should be an independent republic.
Joe Cahill (Seosamh Ó Cathail; 19 May 1920 – 23 July 2004) was a prominent figure in the Irish Republican movement in Northern Ireland and former chief of staff of the Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA).
Joe McCann (2 November 1947 – 15 April 1972) was an Irish Republican Army and later Official Irish Republican Army volunteer from Belfast.
John Eccles Nixon Barnhill (11 April 1905 – 12 December 1971) was an Ulster Unionist Party member of the Senate in the Parliament of Northern Ireland.
John David Taylor, Baron Kilclooney, PC (NI) (born 24 December 1937), is a former Ulster Unionist Party (UUP) Northern Irish MP and a life peer.
Kevin Christopher O'Higgins (Caoimhghín Críostóir Ó hUigín; 7 June 1892 – 10 July 1927) was an Irish politician who served as Vice-President of the Executive Council and Minister for Justice.
The KGB, an initialism for Komitet gosudarstvennoy bezopasnosti (p), translated in English as Committee for State Security, was the main security agency for the Soviet Union from 1954 until its break-up in 1991.
James Martin Pacelli McGuinness (Séamus Máirtín Pacelli Mag Aonghusa; 23 May 1950 – 21 March 2017) was an Irish republican and Sinn Féin politician who was the deputy First Minister of Northern Ireland from May 2007 to January 2017.
Marxism is a method of socioeconomic analysis that views class relations and social conflict using a materialist interpretation of historical development and takes a dialectical view of social transformation.
In political science, Marxism–Leninism is the ideology of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, of the Communist International and of Stalinist political parties.
Newry is a city in Northern Ireland, divided by the Clanrye river in counties Armagh and Down, from Belfast and from Dublin.
North Korea (Chosŏn'gŭl:조선; Hanja:朝鮮; Chosŏn), officially the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (abbreviated as DPRK, PRK, DPR Korea, or Korea DPR), is a country in East Asia constituting the northern part of the Korean Peninsula.
Northern Ireland (Tuaisceart Éireann; Ulster-Scots: Norlin Airlann) is a part of the United Kingdom in the north-east of the island of Ireland, variously described as a country, province or region.
The Northern Ireland Civil Rights Association was an organisation that campaigned for civil rights in Northern Ireland during the late 1960s and early 1970s.
The Official IRA's Belfast Brigade was founded in December 1969 after the Official IRA itself emerged in December 1969, shortly after the beginning of the Troubles, when the Irish Republican Army split into two factions.
Operation Demetrius was a British Army operation in Northern Ireland on 9–10 August 1971, during the Troubles.
The Loyal Orange Institution, more commonly known as the Orange Order, is a Protestant fraternal order based primarily in Northern Ireland.
Organized crime is a category of transnational, national, or local groupings of highly centralized enterprises run by criminals who intend to engage in illegal activity, most commonly for money and profit.
The Parachute Regiment, colloquially known as the Paras, is an elite airborne infantry regiment of the British Army.
Pluto Press is a British independent book publisher based in London.
A popular front is a broad coalition of different political groupings, usually made up of leftists and centrists.
The Prime Minister of the United Kingdom is the head of the United Kingdom government.
The Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA or Provisional IRA) was an Irish republican revolutionary organisation that sought to end British rule in Northern Ireland, facilitate the reunification of Ireland and bring about an independent socialist republic encompassing all of Ireland.
From 1969 until 1997,Moloney, p. 472 the Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA) conducted an armed paramilitary campaign primarily in Northern Ireland and England, aimed at ending British rule in Northern Ireland in order to create a united Ireland.
A racket is a planned or organized criminal act, usually in which the criminal act is a form of business or a way to earn illegal or extorted money regularly or briefly but repeatedly.
Ireland (Éire), also known as the Republic of Ireland (Poblacht na hÉireann), is a sovereign state in north-western Europe occupying 26 of 32 counties of the island of Ireland.
The Royal Ulster Constabulary was the police force in Northern Ireland from 1922 to 2001.
Ruairí Ó Brádaigh (born Peter Roger Casement Brady; 2 October 1932 – 5 June 2013) was an Irish republican political and military leader.
The ruling class is the social class of a given society that decides upon and sets that society's political agenda.
Seamus Costello (Séamus Mac Coisdealbha, 1939 – 5 October 1977) was a leader of Official Sinn Féin and the Official Irish Republican Army and latterly of the Irish Republican Socialist Party (IRSP) and the Irish National Liberation Army (INLA).
Seamus Twomey (Séamus Ó Tuama; 5 November 1919 – 12 September 1989) was an Irish republican activist, militant, and twice chief of staff of the Provisional IRA.
Seán Garland (born 7 March 1934) is a former President of the Workers' Party in Ireland.
Seán Mac Stíofáin (17 February 1928 – 18 May 2001), born John Stephenson, was an English-born chief of staff of the Provisional IRA, a position he held between 1969 and 1972.
Sinn Féin (isbn) is a left-wing Irish republican political party active in both the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland.
A socialist state, socialist republic or socialist country (sometimes workers' state or workers' republic) is a sovereign state constitutionally dedicated to the establishment of socialism.
The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.
The Springfield Road is a residential area and road traffic thoroughfare adjacent to the Falls Road in west Belfast.
Strabane, historically spelt Straban, is a town in west Tyrone, Northern Ireland.
The Troubles (Na Trioblóidí) was an ethno-nationalist conflict in Northern Ireland during the late 20th century.
Tomás Mac Giolla (born Thomas Gill; 25 January 1924 – 4 February 2010) was an Irish politician.
The UDA South East Antrim Brigade was previously one of the six brigades of the Ulster Defence Association (UDA) and are heavily involved in the drugs trade.
The Ulster Defence Association (abbreviated UDA) is the largest Ulster loyalist paramilitary and vigilante group in Northern Ireland.
Ulster loyalism is a political ideology found primarily among working class Ulster Protestants in Northern Ireland, whose status as a part of the United Kingdom has remained controversial.
Ulster Protestants (Protastúnaigh Uladh) are an ethnoreligious group in the Irish province of Ulster, where they make up about 43% of the population.
The Ulster Unionist Party (UUP) is a unionist political party in Northern Ireland.
Unionism in Ireland is a political ideology that favours the continuation of some form of political union between the islands of Ireland and Great Britain.
A united front is an alliance of groups against their common enemies, figuratively evoking unification of previously separate geographic fronts and/or unification of previously separate armies into a front—the name often refers to a political and/or military struggle carried out by revolutionaries, especially in revolutionary socialism, communism or anarchism.
United Ireland (also referred to as Irish reunification) is the proposition that the whole of Ireland should be a single sovereign state.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
The United States dollar (sign: $; code: USD; also abbreviated US$ and referred to as the dollar, U.S. dollar, or American dollar) is the official currency of the United States and its insular territories per the United States Constitution since 1792.
UTV (formerly Ulster Television) is a commercial television broadcaster in Northern Ireland owned and operated by ITV plc as part of the ITV Network.
Vasili Nikitich Mitrokhin (Васи́лий Ники́тич Митро́хин; March 3, 1922 – January 23, 2004) was a major and senior archivist for the Soviet Union's foreign intelligence service, the First Chief Directorate of the KGB, who defected to the United Kingdom in 1992 after providing the British embassy in Riga with a vast collection of KGB files, which became known as the Mitrokhin Archive.
A vigilante is a civilian or organization acting in a law enforcement capacity (or in the pursuit of self-perceived justice) without legal authority.
Wicklow is the county town of County Wicklow and the capital of the Mid-East Region in Ireland.
The Workers' Party (Páirtí na nOibrithe), originally known as Official Sinn Féin, is a Marxist–Leninist political party active throughout Ireland.
The working class (also labouring class) are the people employed for wages, especially in manual-labour occupations and industrial work.
During 12–17 August 1969, intense political and sectarian rioting took place in Northern Ireland.
The 1972 Aldershot bombing was an attack by the Official Irish Republican Army (Official IRA) using a car bomb on 22 February 1972 in Aldershot, England.
The 1981 Irish hunger strike was the culmination of a five-year protest during The Troubles by Irish republican prisoners in Northern Ireland.