94 relations: Aerosol, Algae, Alkaloid, Alkane, Animal fat, Anointing, Benzene, Biodiesel, Butter, Carbon, Chemical polarity, Chemical substance, Christianity, Combustion, Components of crude oil, Coolant, Corn oil, Detergent, Diesel fuel, Emulsion, Ethane, Fat, Fatty acid, Fertilizer, Fossil, Fuel oil, Gasoline, Geochemistry, Greek language, Green chemistry, Hair conditioner, Heat, Heating oil, Holy anointing oil, Hubble Space Telescope, Hydrocarbon, Hydrogen, Hydrophobe, Jet fuel, Judaism, Kerosene, Lard, Latin, Light, Linear B, Lipid, Lipophilicity, Liquefied petroleum gas, Liquid, Lubricant, ..., Lubrication, Medication, Metabolism, Mineral oil, Misnomer, Motor oil, Mycenaean Greek, Oil cooling, Oil heater, Oil paint, Oil refinery, Oil tanker, Old French, Olive, Olive oil, Organic matter, Oxygen, Paint, Petrochemical, Petrochemistry, Petroleum, Phospholipid, Pigment, Pipeline transport, Plastic, Protein, Solubility, Spermaceti, Steroid, Stir frying, Sunflower oil, Surfactant, Suspension (chemistry), Synthetic fiber, Synthetic rubber, Vegetable oil, Vegetable oil fuel, Viscosity, Volatility (chemistry), Voyager program, Water, Wax, Whale oil, Zooplankton. Expand index (44 more) » « Shrink index
An aerosol is a suspension of fine solid particles or liquid droplets, in air or another gas.
Algae (singular alga) is an informal term for a large, diverse group of photosynthetic organisms that are not necessarily closely related, and is thus polyphyletic.
Alkaloids are a class of naturally occurring chemical compounds that mostly contain basic nitrogen atoms.
In organic chemistry, an alkane, or paraffin (a historical name that also has other meanings), is an acyclic saturated hydrocarbon.
Animal fats and oils are lipid materials derived from animals.
Anointing is the ritual act of pouring aromatic oil over a person's head or entire body.
Benzene is an important organic chemical compound with the chemical formula C6H6.
Biodiesel refers to a vegetable oil- or animal fat-based diesel fuel consisting of long-chain alkyl (methyl, ethyl, or propyl) esters.
Butter is a dairy product containing up to 80% butterfat (in commercial products) which is solid when chilled and at room temperature in some regions and liquid when warmed.
Carbon (from carbo "coal") is a chemical element with symbol C and atomic number 6.
In chemistry, polarity is a separation of electric charge leading to a molecule or its chemical groups having an electric dipole or multipole moment.
A chemical substance, also known as a pure substance, is a form of matter that consists of molecules of the same composition and structure.
ChristianityFrom Ancient Greek Χριστός Khristós (Latinized as Christus), translating Hebrew מָשִׁיחַ, Māšîăḥ, meaning "the anointed one", with the Latin suffixes -ian and -itas.
Combustion, or burning, is a high-temperature exothermic redox chemical reaction between a fuel (the reductant) and an oxidant, usually atmospheric oxygen, that produces oxidized, often gaseous products, in a mixture termed as smoke.
The Components of Crude Oil Crude oil is essentially a mixture of many different hydrocarbons, all of varying lengths and complexities.
A coolant is a substance, typically liquid or gas, that is used to reduce or regulate the temperature of a system.
Corn oil (maize oil) is oil extracted from the germ of corn (maize).
A detergent is a surfactant or a mixture of surfactants with cleaning properties in dilute solutions.
Diesel fuel in general is any liquid fuel used in diesel engines, whose fuel ignition takes place, without any spark, as a result of compression of the inlet air mixture and then injection of fuel.
An emulsion is a mixture of two or more liquids that are normally immiscible (unmixable or unblendable).
Ethane is an organic chemical compound with chemical formula.
Fat is one of the three main macronutrients, along with carbohydrate and protein.
In chemistry, particularly in biochemistry, a fatty acid is a carboxylic acid with a long aliphatic chain, which is either saturated or unsaturated.
A fertilizer (American English) or fertiliser (British English; see spelling differences) is any material of natural or synthetic origin (other than liming materials) that is applied to soils or to plant tissues to supply one or more plant nutrients essential to the growth of plants.
A fossil (from Classical Latin fossilis; literally, "obtained by digging") is any preserved remains, impression, or trace of any once-living thing from a past geological age.
Fuel oil (also known as heavy oil, marine fuel or furnace oil) is a fraction obtained from petroleum distillation, either as a distillate or a residue.
Gasoline (American English), or petrol (British English), is a transparent, petroleum-derived liquid that is used primarily as a fuel in spark-ignited internal combustion engines.
Geochemistry is the science that uses the tools and principles of chemistry to explain the mechanisms behind major geological systems such as the Earth's crust and its oceans.
Greek (Modern Greek: ελληνικά, elliniká, "Greek", ελληνική γλώσσα, ellinikí glóssa, "Greek language") is an independent branch of the Indo-European family of languages, native to Greece and other parts of the Eastern Mediterranean and the Black Sea.
Green chemistry, also called sustainable chemistry, is an area of chemistry and chemical engineering focused on the designing of products and processes that minimize the use and generation of hazardous substances.
Hair conditioner is a hair care product used to improve the feel, appearance and manageability of hair.
In thermodynamics, heat is energy transferred from one system to another as a result of thermal interactions.
Heating oil is a low viscosity, liquid petroleum product used as a fuel oil for furnaces or boilers in buildings.
The holy anointing oil (Hebrew: שמן המשחה shemen ha-mishchah, "oil of anointing") formed an integral part of the ordination of the priesthood and the High Priest as well as in the consecration of the articles of the Tabernacle (Exodus 30:26) and subsequent temples in Jerusalem.
The Hubble Space Telescope (HST) is a space telescope that was launched into low Earth orbit in 1990 and remains in operation.
In organic chemistry, a hydrocarbon is an organic compound consisting entirely of hydrogen and carbon.
Hydrogen is a chemical element with symbol H and atomic number 1.
In chemistry, hydrophobicity is the physical property of a molecule (known as a hydrophobe) that is seemingly repelled from a mass of water.
Jet fuel, aviation turbine fuel (ATF), or avtur, is a type of aviation fuel designed for use in aircraft powered by gas-turbine engines.
Judaism (originally from Hebrew, Yehudah, "Judah"; via Latin and Greek) is the religion of the Jewish people.
Kerosene, also known as paraffin, lamp oil, and coal oil (an obsolete term), is a combustible hydrocarbon liquid which is derived from petroleum.
Lard is pig fat in both its rendered and unrendered forms.
Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.
Light is electromagnetic radiation within a certain portion of the electromagnetic spectrum.
Linear B is a syllabic script that was used for writing Mycenaean Greek, the earliest attested form of Greek.
In biology and biochemistry, a lipid is a biomolecule that is soluble in nonpolar solvents.
Lipophilicity (from Greek λίπος "fat" and φίλος "friendly"), refers to the ability of a chemical compound to dissolve in fats, oils, lipids, and non-polar solvents such as hexane or toluene.
Liquefied petroleum gas or liquid petroleum gas (LPG or LP gas), also referred to as simply propane or butane, are flammable mixtures of hydrocarbon gases used as fuel in heating appliances, cooking equipment, and vehicles.
A liquid is a nearly incompressible fluid that conforms to the shape of its container but retains a (nearly) constant volume independent of pressure.
A lubricant is a substance, usually organic, introduced to reduce friction between surfaces in mutual contact, which ultimately reduces the heat generated when the surfaces move.
Lubrication is the process or technique of using a lubricant to reduce friction and/or wear in a contact between two surfaces.
A medication (also referred to as medicine, pharmaceutical drug, or simply drug) is a drug used to diagnose, cure, treat, or prevent disease.
Metabolism (from μεταβολή metabolē, "change") is the set of life-sustaining chemical transformations within the cells of organisms.
Mineral oil is any of various colorless, odorless, light mixtures of higher alkanes from a mineral source, particularly a distillate of petroleum.
A misnomer is a name or term that suggests an idea that is known to be wrong.
Motor oil, engine oil, or engine lubricant is any of various substances comprising base oils enhanced with additives, particularly antiwear additive plus detergents, dispersants and, for multi-grade oils viscosity index improvers.
Mycenaean Greek is the most ancient attested form of the Greek language, on the Greek mainland, Crete and Cyprus in Mycenaean Greece (16th to 12th centuries BC), before the hypothesised Dorian invasion, often cited as the terminus post quem for the coming of the Greek language to Greece.
Oil cooling is the use of engine oil as a coolant, typically to remove surplus heat from an internal combustion engine.
An oil heater, also known as an oil-filled heater, oil-filled radiator, or column heater, is a common form of convection heater used in domestic heating.
Oil paint is a type of slow-drying paint that consists of particles of pigment suspended in a drying oil, commonly linseed oil.
Oil refinery or petroleum refinery is an industrial process plant where crude oil is transformed and refined into more useful products such as petroleum naphtha, gasoline, diesel fuel, asphalt base, heating oil, kerosene, liquefied petroleum gas, jet fuel and fuel oils.
An oil tanker, also known as a petroleum tanker, is a ship designed for the bulk transport of oil or its products.
Old French (franceis, françois, romanz; Modern French: ancien français) was the language spoken in Northern France from the 8th century to the 14th century.
The olive, known by the botanical name Olea europaea, meaning "European olive", is a species of small tree in the family Oleaceae, found in the Mediterranean Basin from Portugal to the Levant, the Arabian Peninsula, and southern Asia as far east as China, as well as the Canary Islands and Réunion.
Olive oil is a liquid fat obtained from olives (the fruit of Olea europaea; family Oleaceae), a traditional tree crop of the Mediterranean Basin.
Organic matter, organic material, or natural organic matter (NOM) refers to the large pool of carbon-based compounds found within natural and engineered, terrestrial and aquatic environments.
Oxygen is a chemical element with symbol O and atomic number 8.
Paint is any liquid, liquefiable, or mastic composition that, after application to a substrate in a thin layer, converts to a solid film.
Petrochemicals (also known as petroleum distillates) are chemical products derived from petroleum.
Petrochemistry is a branch of chemistry that studies the transformation of crude oil (petroleum) and natural gas into useful products or raw materials.
Petroleum is a naturally occurring, yellow-to-black liquid found in geological formations beneath the Earth's surface.
Phospholipids are a class of lipids that are a major component of all cell membranes.
A pigment is a material that changes the color of reflected or transmitted light as the result of wavelength-selective absorption.
Pipeline transport is the transportation of goods or material through a pipe.
Plastic is material consisting of any of a wide range of synthetic or semi-synthetic organic compounds that are malleable and so can be molded into solid objects.
Proteins are large biomolecules, or macromolecules, consisting of one or more long chains of amino acid residues.
Solubility is the property of a solid, liquid or gaseous chemical substance called solute to dissolve in a solid, liquid or gaseous solvent.
Spermaceti (from Greek sperma meaning "seed", and ceti, the genitive form of "whale") is a waxy substance found in the head cavities of the sperm whale (and, in smaller quantities, in the oils of other whales).
A steroid is a biologically active organic compound with four rings arranged in a specific molecular configuration.
Stir frying is a Chinese cooking technique in which ingredients are fried in a small amount of very hot oil while being stirred in a wok.
Sunflower oil is the non-volatile oil pressed from the seeds of sunflower (Helianthus annuus).
Surfactants are compounds that lower the surface tension (or interfacial tension) between two liquids, between a gas and a liquid, or between a liquid and a solid.
In chemistry, a suspension is a heterogeneous mixture that contains solid particles sufficiently large for sedimentation.
Synthetic fibers (British English: synthetic fibres) are fibers made by humans with chemical synthesis, as opposed to natural fibers that humans get from living organisms with little or no chemical changes.
A synthetic rubber is any artificial elastomer.
Vegetable oils, or vegetable fats, are fats extracted from seeds, or less often, from other parts of fruits.
Vegetable oil can be used as an alternative fuel in diesel engines and in heating oil burners.
The viscosity of a fluid is the measure of its resistance to gradual deformation by shear stress or tensile stress.
In chemistry and physics, volatility is quantified by the tendency of a substance to vaporize.
The Voyager program is an American scientific program that employs two robotic probes, Voyager 1 and Voyager 2, to study the outer Solar System.
Water is a transparent, tasteless, odorless, and nearly colorless chemical substance that is the main constituent of Earth's streams, lakes, and oceans, and the fluids of most living organisms.
Waxes are a diverse class of organic compounds that are lipophilic, malleable solids near ambient temperatures.
Whale oil is oil obtained from the blubber of whales.
Zooplankton are heterotrophic (sometimes detritivorous) plankton.
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