107 relations: Afghanistan, Animal glue, Arnolfini Portrait, Bal du moulin de la Galette, Battle of Somosierra, Bella Rosenfeld, Binder (material), Buddhism, Cabinet painting, Canvas, Chemistry, Claude Monet, Conservation-restoration of cultural heritage, Cost efficiency, Cotton, Dammar gum, Diego Velázquez, Drying oil, Early Netherlandish painting, Emulsion, En plein air, Evaporation, Fat over lean, Fingerpaint, Flax, François Boucher, Frankincense, Fresco, Gesso, Giorgio Vasari, Glaze (painting technique), Impressionism, Jan van Eyck, Johannes Vermeer, John Goffe Rand, Kolinsky sable-hair brush, La velata, Leonardo da Vinci, Les Demoiselles d'Avignon, Linen, Linoleum, Linseed oil, Marc Chagall, Masonite, Miscibility, Molecule, Mongoose, Oil paint, Pablo Picasso, Paint thinner, ..., Paintbrush, Painting, Palette (painting), Palette knife, Panel painting, Paper, Paperboard, Paul Cézanne, Peter Paul Rubens, Pierre-Auguste Renoir, Pigment, Piotr Michałowski, Poppyseed oil, Portrait of Dr. Gachet, Portrait of Innocent X, Pressed wood, Printmaking, Raphael, Redox, Rembrandt, Renaissance, Resin, Robert Campin, Roger of Helmarshausen, Sable, Safflower, Siberian weasel, Sizing, Slate, Squirrel, Studio, Sulfide, Tempera, The Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Nicolaes Tulp, The Artist's Handbook of Materials and Techniques, The Blue Boy, The Card Players, The Elevation of the Cross (Rubens), The Milkmaid (Vermeer), The Old Guitarist, The Rape of Europa (Titian), Theophilus Presbyter, Titanium dioxide, Titian, Turpentine, Underpainting, Varnish, Venice, Vincent van Gogh, Walnut, Walnut oil, Wassily Kandinsky, Water miscible oil paint, Weasel, Wet-on-wet, White spirit, Woman with a Parasol - Madame Monet and Her Son. Expand index (57 more) » « Shrink index
Afghanistan (Pashto/Dari:, Pashto: Afġānistān, Dari: Afġānestān), officially the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, is a landlocked country located within South Asia and Central Asia.
An animal glue is an adhesive that is created by prolonged boiling of animal connective tissue.
The Arnolfini Portrait (or The Arnolfini Wedding, The Arnolfini Marriage, the Portrait of Giovanni Arnolfini and his Wife, or other titles) is a 1434 oil painting on oak panel by the Early Netherlandish painter Jan van Eyck.
Bal du moulin de la Galette (commonly known as Dance at Le moulin de la Galette) is an 1876 painting by French artist Pierre-Auguste Renoir.
The Battle of Somosierra took place on November 30, 1808, during the Peninsular War, when a French army under Napoleon I forced a passage through the Sierra de Guadarrama shielding Madrid.
Bella Rosenfeld Chagall (Бэлла Розенфельд-Шагал, 15 November 1895, Vitebsk - 2 September 1944, New York State) was a Jewish Belarusian writer and the first wife of painter Marc Chagall.
A binder or binding agent is any material or substance that holds or draws other materials together to form a cohesive whole mechanically, chemically, by adhesion or cohesion.
Buddhism is the world's fourth-largest religion with over 520 million followers, or over 7% of the global population, known as Buddhists.
A cabinet painting (or "cabinet picture") is a small painting, typically no larger than about two feet in either dimension, but often much smaller.
Canvas is an extremely durable plain-woven fabric used for making sails, tents, marquees, backpacks, and other items for which sturdiness is required.
Chemistry is the scientific discipline involved with compounds composed of atoms, i.e. elements, and molecules, i.e. combinations of atoms: their composition, structure, properties, behavior and the changes they undergo during a reaction with other compounds.
Oscar-Claude Monet (14 November 1840 – 5 December 1926) was a founder of French Impressionist painting, and the most consistent and prolific practitioner of the movement's philosophy of expressing one's perceptions before nature, especially as applied to plein air landscape painting.
The conservation-restoration of cultural heritage focuses on protection and care of tangible cultural heritage, including artworks, architecture, archaeology, and museum collections.
Cost efficiency (or cost optimality), in the context of parallel computer algorithms, refers to a measure of how effectively parallel computing can be used to solve a particular problem.
Cotton is a soft, fluffy staple fiber that grows in a boll, or protective case, around the seeds of the cotton plants of the genus Gossypium in the mallow family Malvaceae.
Dammar, also called dammar gum, or damar gum, is a resin obtained from the Dipterocarpaceae family of trees in India and East Asia, principally those of the genera Shorea or Hopea (synonym Balanocarpus).
Diego Rodríguez de Silva y Velázquez (baptized on June 6, 1599August 6, 1660) was a Spanish painter, the leading artist in the court of King Philip IV, and one of the most important painters of the Spanish Golden Age.
A drying oil is an oil that hardens to a tough, solid film after a period of exposure to air.
Early Netherlandish painting is the work of artists, sometimes known as the Flemish Primitives, active in the Burgundian and Habsburg Netherlands during the 15th- and 16th-century Northern Renaissance; especially in the flourishing cities of Bruges, Ghent, Mechelen, Louvain, Tournai and Brussels, all in contemporary Belgium.
An emulsion is a mixture of two or more liquids that are normally immiscible (unmixable or unblendable).
En plein air (French for outdoors, or plein air painting) is the act of painting outdoors.
Evaporation is a type of vaporization that occurs on the surface of a liquid as it changes into the gaseous phase before reaching its boiling point.
Fat over lean refers to the principle in oil painting of applying paint with a higher oil to pigment ratio ('fat') over paint with a lower oil to pigment ratio ('lean') to ensure a stable paint film, since it is believed that the paint with the higher oil content remains more flexible.
Fingerpaint is a kind of paint intended to be applied with the fingers; it typically comes in pots and is used by small children, though it has occasionally been used by adults either to teach art to children, or for their own use.
Flax (Linum usitatissimum), also known as common flax or linseed, is a member of the genus Linum in the family Linaceae.
François Boucher (29 September 1703 – 30 May 1770) was a French painter, draughtsman and etcher, who worked in the Rococo style.
Frankincense (also known as olibanum, לבונה, Arabic) is an aromatic resin used in incense and perfumes, obtained from trees of the genus Boswellia in the family Burseraceae, particularly Boswellia sacra (syn: B. bhaw-dajiana), B. carterii33, B. frereana, B. serrata (B. thurifera, Indian frankincense), and B. papyrifera.
Fresco (plural frescos or frescoes) is a technique of mural painting executed upon freshly laid, or wet lime plaster.
Gesso ("chalk", from the gypsum, from γύψος) is a white paint mixture consisting of a binder mixed with chalk, gypsum, pigment, or any combination of these.
Giorgio Vasari (30 July 1511 – 27 June 1574) was an Italian painter, architect, writer, and historian, most famous today for his Lives of the Most Excellent Painters, Sculptors, and Architects, considered the ideological foundation of art-historical writing.
A glaze is a thin transparent or semi-transparent layer on a painting which modifies the appearance of the underlying paint layer.
Impressionism is a 19th-century art movement characterised by relatively small, thin, yet visible brush strokes, open composition, emphasis on accurate depiction of light in its changing qualities (often accentuating the effects of the passage of time), ordinary subject matter, inclusion of movement as a crucial element of human perception and experience, and unusual visual angles.
Jan van Eyck (before c. 1390 – 9 July 1441) was an Early Netherlandish painter active in Bruges.
Johannes Vermeer (October 1632 – December 1675) was a Dutch painter who specialized in domestic interior scenes of middle-class life.
John Goffe Rand (1801–1873) lived and worked in Boston, London, and New York as a portrait painter and inventor.
A kolinsky sable-hair brush (also known as red sable or sable hair brush) is a fine artists' paintbrush.
La velata, or La donna velata ("The woman with the veil"), is one of the most famous portraits by the Italian Renaissance painter Raphael.
Leonardo di ser Piero da Vinci (15 April 14522 May 1519), more commonly Leonardo da Vinci or simply Leonardo, was an Italian polymath of the Renaissance, whose areas of interest included invention, painting, sculpting, architecture, science, music, mathematics, engineering, literature, anatomy, geology, astronomy, botany, writing, history, and cartography.
Les Demoiselles d'Avignon (The Young Ladies of Avignon, and originally titled The Brothel of Avignon) is a large oil painting created in 1907 by the Spanish artist Pablo Picasso (1881–1973) and now on exhibit in New York's Museum of Modern Art.
Linen is a textile made from the fibers of the flax plant.
Linoleum, also called Lino, is a floor covering made from materials such as solidified linseed oil (linoxyn), pine rosin, ground cork dust, wood flour, and mineral fillers such as calcium carbonate, most commonly on a burlap or canvas backing.
Linseed oil, also known as flaxseed oil or flax oil, is a colourless to yellowish oil obtained from the dried, ripened seeds of the flax plant (Linum usitatissimum).
Marc Zakharovich Chagall (born Moishe Zakharovich Shagal; 28 March 1985) was a Russian-French artist of Belarusian Jewish origin.
Masonite is a type of hardboard, another kind of engineered wood, which is made of steam-cooked and pressure-molded wood fibres in a process patented by William H. Mason.
Miscibility is the property of substances to mix in all proportions (that is, to fully dissolve in each other at any concentration), forming a homogeneous solution.
A molecule is an electrically neutral group of two or more atoms held together by chemical bonds.
Mongoose is the popular English name for 29 of the 34 species in the 14 genera of the family Herpestidae, which are small feliform carnivorans native to southern Eurasia and mainland Africa.
Oil paint is a type of slow-drying paint that consists of particles of pigment suspended in a drying oil, commonly linseed oil.
Pablo Ruiz Picasso (25 October 1881 – 8 April 1973) was a Spanish painter, sculptor, printmaker, ceramicist, stage designer, poet and playwright who spent most of his adult life in France.
A paint thinner is a solvent used to thin oil-based paints or clean up after their use.
A paintbrush is a brush used to apply paint or sometimes ink.
Painting is the practice of applying paint, pigment, color or other medium to a solid surface (support base).
A palette, in the original sense of the word, is a rigid, flat surface on which a painter arranges and mixes paints.
A palette knife is a blunt tool used for mixing or applying paint, with a flexible steel blade.
A panel painting is a painting made on a flat panel made of wood, either a single piece, or a number of pieces joined together.
Paper is a thin material produced by pressing together moist fibres of cellulose pulp derived from wood, rags or grasses, and drying them into flexible sheets.
Paperboard is a thick paper-based material.
Paul Cézanne (or;; 19 January 1839 – 22 October 1906) was a French artist and Post-Impressionist painter whose work laid the foundations of the transition from the 19th-century conception of artistic endeavor to a new and radically different world of art in the 20th century.
Sir Peter Paul Rubens (28 June 1577 – 30 May 1640) was a Flemish artist.
Pierre-Auguste Renoir, commonly known as Auguste Renoir (25 February 1841 – 3 December 1919), was a French artist who was a leading painter in the development of the Impressionist style.
A pigment is a material that changes the color of reflected or transmitted light as the result of wavelength-selective absorption.
Piotr Michałowski (July 2, 1800 – June 9, 1855) was a Polish painter of the Romantic period, especially known for his many portraits, and oil studies of horses.
Poppyseed oil (also poppy seed oil, poppy oil, and oleum papaveris seminis) is an edible oil from poppy seeds (seeds of Papaver somniferum, the opium poppy).
Portrait of Dr.
Portrait of Pope Innocent X is an oil on canvas portrait by the Spanish painter Diego Velázquez, executed during a trip to Italy around 1650.
Pressed wood is any engineered wood building and furniture construction material made from wood veneers, wood shavings and particles, sawdust or wood fibers bonded together with an adhesive under heat and pressure.
Printmaking is the process of making artworks by printing, normally on paper.
Raffaello Sanzio da Urbino (March 28 or April 6, 1483April 6, 1520), known as Raphael, was an Italian painter and architect of the High Renaissance.
Redox (short for reduction–oxidation reaction) (pronunciation: or) is a chemical reaction in which the oxidation states of atoms are changed.
Rembrandt Harmenszoon van Rijn (15 July 1606 – 4 October 1669) was a Dutch draughtsman, painter, and printmaker.
The Renaissance is a period in European history, covering the span between the 14th and 17th centuries.
In polymer chemistry and materials science, resin is a "solid or highly viscous substance" of plant or synthetic origin that is typically convertible into polymers.
Robert Campin (c. 1375 – 26 April 1444), now usually identified with the Master of Flémalle (earlier the Master of the Merode Triptych, before the discovery of three other similar panels), was the first great master of Flemish and Early Netherlandish painting.
Roger of Helmarshausen (fl. 12th century) was a well-known goldsmith and metalwork artist, and also a Benedictine monk.
The sable (Martes zibellina) is a marten species, a small carnivorous mammal inhabiting forest environments, primarily in Russia from the Ural Mountains throughout Siberia, northern Mongolia.
Safflower (Carthamus tinctorius) is a highly branched, herbaceous, thistle-like annual plant.
The Siberian weasel (Mustela sibirica) is a medium-sized weasel native to Asia, where it is widely distributed and inhabits various forest habitats and open areas.
Sizing or size is any one of numerous substances that is applied to, or incorporated into, other materials — especially papers and textiles — to act as a protective filler or glaze.
Slate is a fine-grained, foliated, homogeneous metamorphic rock derived from an original shale-type sedimentary rock composed of clay or volcanic ash through low-grade regional metamorphism.
Squirrels are members of the family Sciuridae, a family that includes small or medium-size rodents.
A studio is an artist or worker's workroom.
Sulfide (systematically named sulfanediide, and sulfide(2−)) (British English sulphide) is an inorganic anion of sulfur with the chemical formula S2− or a compound containing one or more S2− ions.
Tempera, also known as egg tempera, is a permanent, fast-drying painting medium consisting of colored pigments mixed with a water-soluble binder medium (usually glutinous material such as egg yolk or some other size).
The Anatomy Lesson of Dr.
The Artist's Handbook of Materials and Techniques is a reference book by Ralph Mayer (1895–1979).
The Blue Boy (1779) is a full-length portrait in oil by Thomas Gainsborough, now in the Huntington Library, San Marino, California.
The Card Players is a series of oil paintings by the French Post-Impressionist artist Paul Cézanne.
The Elevation of the Cross (also called The Raising of the Cross) is the name of two paintings, a triptych painting, and an oil on paper painting, both by Flemish artist Peter Paul Rubens.
The Milkmaid (Dutch: De Melkmeid or Het Melkmeisje), sometimes called The Kitchen Maid, is an oil-on-canvas painting of a "milkmaid", in fact, a domestic kitchen maid, by the Dutch artist Johannes Vermeer.
The Old Guitarist is an oil painting by Pablo Picasso created late 1903early 1904.
The Rape of Europa is a painting by the Italian artist Titian, painted ca.
Theophilus Presbyter (fl. c. 1070–1125) is the pseudonymous author or compiler of a Latin text containing detailed descriptions of various medieval arts, a text commonly known as the Schedula diversarum artium ("List of various arts") or De diversis artibus ("On various arts"), probably first compiled between 1100 and 1120.
Titanium dioxide, also known as titanium(IV) oxide or titania, is the naturally occurring oxide of titanium, chemical formula.
Tiziano Vecelli or Tiziano Vecellio (1488/1490 – 27 August 1576), known in English as Titian, was an Italian painter, the most important member of the 16th-century Venetian school.
Chemical structure of pinene, a major component of turpentine Turpentine (also called spirit of turpentine, oil of turpentine, wood turpentine and colloquially turps) is a fluid obtained by the distillation of resin obtained from live trees, mainly pines.
In art, an underpainting is an initial layer of paint applied to a ground, which serves as a base for subsequent layers of paint.
Varnish is a transparent, hard, protective finish or film that is primarily used in wood finishing but also for other materials.
Venice (Venezia,; Venesia) is a city in northeastern Italy and the capital of the Veneto region.
Vincent Willem van Gogh (30 March 185329 July 1890) was a Dutch Post-Impressionist painter who is among the most famous and influential figures in the history of Western art.
A walnut is the nut of any tree of the genus Juglans (Family Juglandaceae), particularly the Persian or English walnut, Juglans regia.
Walnut oil is oil extracted from walnuts, Juglans regia.
Wassily Wassilyevich Kandinsky (Vasily Vasilyevich Kandinsky) (– 13 December 1944) was a Russian painter and art theorist.
Water miscible oil paint (also called water soluble oil paint or water mixable oil paint) is oil paint either engineered or an emulsifier has been added, to be thinned and cleaned up with water.
A weasel is a mammal of the genus Mustela of the family Mustelidae.
Wet-on-wet, or alla prima (Italian, meaning at first attempt), is a painting technique, used mostly in oil painting, in which layers of wet paint are applied to previously administered layers of wet paint.
White spirit (UK)Primarily in the United Kingdom.
Woman with a Parasol - Madame Monet and Her Son, sometimes known as The Stroll (French: La Promenade) is an oil-on-canvas painting by Claude Monet from 1875.