181 relations: Abraham Bosse, Adriaen van Ostade, Aegidius Sadeler, Agostino Carracci, Agostino Veneziano, Al-Andalus, Albrecht Altdorfer, Albrecht Dürer, Allegory, Anabaptism, Andrea Mantegna, Andrea Schiavone, Annibale Carracci, Anthony van Dyck, Antonio del Pollaiolo, Antonio Fantuzzi, Antony Griffiths, Apollo, Apostles, Aquatint, Ars moriendi, Art history, Art valuation, Arthur Mayger Hind, Atheism, Augsburg, Baccio Baldini, Bargello, Baroque, Barthel Beham, Basing House, Battista Franco Veneziano, Battle of the Nudes (engraving), Benedetto Montagna, Bird's-eye view, Block book, Bohemia, Bologna, British Museum, Burin (engraving), Byzantine Empire, Canaletto, Chiaroscuro, Claude Mellan, Cornelis Cort, Crayon, Cristofano Robetta, Czechs, Daniel Chodowiecki, Daniel Hopfer, ..., Drawing, Drypoint, Duchy of Lorraine, Dutch Golden Age painting, English Civil War, Engraving, Etching, Eugène Delacroix, Federico Barocci, Ferrara, Fine art, Florence, Forlì, Francesco Primaticcio, Francesco Rosselli, Francesco Villamena, Francis I of France, Francisco Goya, Genoa, Georg Baselitz, Georg Pencz, Georges de La Tour, Giorgio Ghisi, Giorgio Vasari, Giorgione, Giovanni Battista Palumba, Giovanni Battista Piranesi, Giovanni Battista Tiepolo, Giovanni Benedetto Castiglione, Giulio Campagnola, Goldsmith, Gothic art, Guido Reni, Hampton Court Palace, Hans Baldung, Hans Burgkmair, Hans Holbein the Younger, Hatching, Heinrich Aldegrever, Hendrik Goltzius, Hercules Seghers, Hieronymus Cock, Islam, Israhel van Meckenem, J. M. W. Turner, Jacob van Ruisdael, Jacques Bellange, Jacques Callot, Jean Duvet, John Sell Cotman, Juliet Wilson–Bareau, Jusepe de Ribera, Karel Dujardin, Léon Davent, Lectern, Les Grandes Misères de la guerre, Liber Studiorum, Liberal arts education, List of printmakers, Little Masters, Louis XIV of France, Lucas Cranach the Elder, Lucas van Leyden, Ludovico Carracci, Ludwig von Siegen, Lutheranism, Lyon, Mantegna Tarocchi, Mantua, Marcantonio Raimondi, Martin Schongauer, Maso Finiguerra, Master E. S., Master of the Housebook, Master of the Playing Cards, Matthias Grünewald, Metropolitan Museum of Art, Mezzotint, Michael Wolgemut, Monotyping, Muses, Naples, Nationalism, Nazarene movement, Nicolaes Pieterszoon Berchem, Niello, Novel, Nuremberg, Nuremberg Chronicle, Oil sketch, Padua, Paper, Paris, Parmigianino, Peter Paul Rubens, Philip Galle, Pieter Bruegel the Elder, Playing card, Popular print, Print room, Printing, Printmaking, Raphael, Rembrandt, Robert Nanteuil, Rome, Saxony, School of Fontainebleau, Sebald Beham, Stefano della Bella, Suzanne Boorsch, Switzerland, The Disasters of War, Theodor de Bry, Thirty Years' War, Titian, Uffizi, Ugo da Carpi, Urs Graf, Veduta, Vellum, Venice, Ventura Salimbeni, Vicenza, Watercolor painting, Wenceslaus Hollar, Wierix family, William Blake, William Hogarth, Woodcut, Work of art. Expand index (131 more) » « Shrink index
Abraham Bosse (c. 1602-1604 – 14 February 1676) was a French artist, mainly as a printmaker in etching, but also in watercolour.
Adriaen van Ostade (baptized as Adriaen Jansz Hendricx 10 December 1610buried 2 May 1685) was a Dutch Golden Age painter of genre works.
Aegidius Sadeler or Aegidius Sadeler II (1570–1629) was a Flemish engraver who was principally active at the Prague court of Rudolf II, Holy Roman Emperor and his successors.
Agostino Carracci (or Caracci) (16 August 1557 – 22 March 1602) was an Italian painter and printmaker.
Agostino Veneziano ("Venetian Agostino"), whose real name was Agostino de' Musi (c. 1490 – c. 1540), was an important and prolific Italian engraver of the Renaissance.
Al-Andalus (الأنْدَلُس, trans.; al-Ándalus; al-Ândalus; al-Àndalus; Berber: Andalus), also known as Muslim Spain, Muslim Iberia, or Islamic Iberia, was a medieval Muslim territory and cultural domain occupying at its peak most of what are today Spain and Portugal.
Albrecht Altdorfer (c. 1480 – February 12, 1538) was a German painter, engraver and architect of the Renaissance working in Regensburg.
Albrecht Dürer (21 May 1471 – 6 April 1528)Müller, Peter O. (1993) Substantiv-Derivation in Den Schriften Albrecht Dürers, Walter de Gruyter.
As a literary device, an allegory is a metaphor in which a character, place or event is used to deliver a broader message about real-world issues and occurrences.
Anabaptism (from Neo-Latin anabaptista, from the Greek ἀναβαπτισμός: ἀνά- "re-" and βαπτισμός "baptism", Täufer, earlier also WiedertäuferSince the middle of the 20th century, the German-speaking world no longer uses the term "Wiedertäufer" (translation: "Re-baptizers"), considering it biased. The term Täufer (translation: "Baptizers") is now used, which is considered more impartial. From the perspective of their persecutors, the "Baptizers" baptized for the second time those "who as infants had already been baptized". The denigrative term Anabaptist signifies rebaptizing and is considered a polemical term, so it has been dropped from use in modern German. However, in the English-speaking world, it is still used to distinguish the Baptizers more clearly from the Baptists, a Protestant sect that developed later in England. Cf. their self-designation as "Brethren in Christ" or "Church of God":.) is a Christian movement which traces its origins to the Radical Reformation.
Andrea Mantegna (September 13, 1506) was an Italian painter, a student of Roman archeology, and son-in-law of Jacopo Bellini.
Andrea Meldolla (Andrija Medulić), also known as Andrea Schiavone or Andrea Lo Schiavone And many variants, including "Lo Schiavone" in Italian --> (c. 1510/1515–1563) was an Italian Renaissance painter and etcher, born in present-day Croatia, active mainly in the city of Venice.
Annibale Carracci (November 3, 1560 – July 15, 1609) was an Italian painter, active in Bologna and later in Rome.
Sir Anthony van Dyck (many variant spellings; 22 March 1599 – 9 December 1641) was a Flemish Baroque artist who became the leading court painter in England, after enjoying great success in Italy and the Southern Netherlands.
Antonio del Pollaiuolo (17 January 1429/14334 February 1498), also known as Antonio di Jacopo Pollaiuolo or Antonio Pollaiuolo, was an Italian painter, sculptor, engraver and goldsmith during the Italian Renaissance.
Antonio Fantuzzi (active in the 1540s) was an Italian painter and printmaker active in the French Renaissance in a Mannerist style.
Antony Vaughan Griffiths, (born 28 July 1951) is a British museum curator and art historian, specialising in prints and drawings.
Apollo (Attic, Ionic, and Homeric Greek: Ἀπόλλων, Apollōn (Ἀπόλλωνος); Doric: Ἀπέλλων, Apellōn; Arcadocypriot: Ἀπείλων, Apeilōn; Aeolic: Ἄπλουν, Aploun; Apollō) is one of the most important and complex of the Olympian deities in classical Greek and Roman religion and Greek and Roman mythology.
In Christian theology and ecclesiology, the apostles, particularly the Twelve Apostles (also known as the Twelve Disciples or simply the Twelve), were the primary disciples of Jesus, the central figure in Christianity.
Aquatint is an intaglio printmaking technique, a variant of etching.
The Ars moriendi ("The Art of Dying") are two related Latin texts dating from about 1415 and 1450 which offer advice on the protocols and procedures of a good death, explaining how to "die well" according to Christian precepts of the late Middle Ages.
Art history is the study of objects of art in their historical development and stylistic contexts; that is genre, design, format, and style.
Art valuation, an art-specific subset of financial valuation, is the process of estimating either the market value of works of art.
Arthur Mayger Hind (1880-1957) was a British art historian.
Atheism is, in the broadest sense, the absence of belief in the existence of deities.
Augsburg (Augschburg) is a city in Swabia, Bavaria, Germany.
Baccio Baldini (c. 1436 – buried 12 December 1487) was an Italian goldsmith and engraver of the Renaissance, active in his native Florence.
The Bargello, also known as the Palazzo del Bargello, Museo Nazionale del Bargello, or Palazzo del Popolo (Palace of the People), is a former barracks and prison, now an art museum, in Florence, Italy.
The Baroque is a highly ornate and often extravagant style of architecture, art and music that flourished in Europe from the early 17th until the late 18th century.
Barthel Beham (or Bartel) (1502–1540) was a German engraver, miniaturist and painter.
Basing House was a major Tudor palace and castle in the village of Old Basing in the English county of Hampshire.
Battista Franco Veneziano also known by his correct name of Giovanni Battista Franco (before 1510 – 1561) was an Italian Mannerist painter and printmaker in etching active in Rome, Urbino, and Venice in the mid 16th century.
The Battle of the Nudes or Battle of the Naked Men, probably dating from 1465–1475, is an engraving by the Florentine goldsmith and sculptor Antonio del Pollaiuolo which is one of the most significant old master prints of the Italian Renaissance.
Benedetto Montagna (c. 1480 – 1555/1558) was an Italian engraver and painter.
A bird's-eye view is an elevated view of an object from above, with a perspective as though the observer were a bird, often used in the making of blueprints, floor plans, and maps.
Block books, also called xylographica, are short books of up to 50 leaves, block printed in Europe in the second half of the 15th century as woodcuts with blocks carved to include both text and illustrations.
Bohemia (Čechy;; Czechy; Bohême; Bohemia; Boemia) is the westernmost and largest historical region of the Czech lands in the present-day Czech Republic.
Bologna (Bulåggna; Bononia) is the capital and largest city of the Emilia-Romagna Region in Northern Italy.
The British Museum, located in the Bloomsbury area of London, United Kingdom, is a public institution dedicated to human history, art and culture.
The Byzantine Empire, also referred to as the Eastern Roman Empire and Byzantium, was the continuation of the Roman Empire in its eastern provinces during Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages, when its capital city was Constantinople (modern-day Istanbul, which had been founded as Byzantium).
Giovanni Antonio Canal (18 October 1697 – 19 April 1768), better known as Canaletto, was an Italian painter of city views or vedute, of Venice, Rome, and London.
Chiaroscuro (Italian for light-dark), in art, is the use of strong contrasts between light and dark, usually bold contrasts affecting a whole composition.
Claude Mellan (23 May 1598 – 9 September 1688) was a French draughtsman, engraver, and painter.
Cornelis Cort (c. 1533 – c. 17 March 1578) was a Dutch engraver and draughtsman.
A crayon (or wax pastel) is a stick of colored wax, charcoal, chalk or other material used for writing or drawing.
Cristofano Robetta (1462–1535) was an Italian artist, goldsmith, and engraver.
The Czechs (Češi,; singular masculine: Čech, singular feminine: Češka) or the Czech people (Český národ), are a West Slavic ethnic group and a nation native to the Czech Republic in Central Europe, who share a common ancestry, culture, history and Czech language.
Daniel Niklaus Chodowiecki (16 October 1726 – 7 February 1801) was a Polish—and later German—painter and printmaker with Huguenot ancestry, who is most famous as an etcher.
Daniel Hopfer (circa 1470 in Kaufbeuren – 1536 in Augsburg) was a German artist who is widely believed to have been the first to use etching in printmaking, at the end of the fifteenth century.
Drawing is a form of visual art in which a person uses various drawing instruments to mark paper or another two-dimensional medium.
Drypoint is a printmaking technique of the intaglio family, in which an image is incised into a plate (or "matrix") with a hard-pointed "needle" of sharp metal or diamond point.
The Duchy of Lorraine (Lorraine; Lothringen), originally Upper Lorraine, was a duchy now included in the larger present-day region of Lorraine in northeastern France.
Dutch Golden Age painting is the painting of the Dutch Golden Age, a period in Dutch history roughly spanning the 17th century, during and after the later part of the Eighty Years' War (1568–1648) for Dutch independence.
The English Civil War (1642–1651) was a series of armed conflicts and political machinations between Parliamentarians ("Roundheads") and Royalists ("Cavaliers") over, principally, the manner of England's governance.
Engraving is the practice of incising a design onto a hard, usually flat surface by cutting grooves into it.
Etching is traditionally the process of using strong acid or mordant to cut into the unprotected parts of a metal surface to create a design in intaglio (incised) in the metal.
Ferdinand Victor Eugène Delacroix (26 April 1798 – 13 August 1863) was a French Romantic artist regarded from the outset of his career as the leader of the French Romantic school.
Federico Barocci (c. 1535 in Urbino – 1612 in Urbino) was an Italian Renaissance painter and printmaker.
Ferrara (Ferrarese: Fràra) is a town and comune in Emilia-Romagna, northern Italy, capital of the Province of Ferrara.
In European academic traditions, fine art is art developed primarily for aesthetics or beauty, distinguishing it from applied art, which also has to serve some practical function, such as pottery or most metalwork.
Florence (Firenze) is the capital city of the Italian region of Tuscany.
Forlì (Furlè; Forum Livii) is a comune and city in Emilia-Romagna, northern Italy, and is the capital of the province of Forlì-Cesena.
Francesco Primaticcio (April 30, 1504 – 1570) was an Italian Mannerist painter, architect and sculptor who spent most of his career in France.
Francesco Rosselli (1445 – before 1513) was an Italian miniature painter, and important engraver of maps and old master prints.
Francesco Villamena (1564–1624) was an Italian engraver and artist.
Francis I (François Ier) (12 September 1494 – 31 March 1547) was the first King of France from the Angoulême branch of the House of Valois, reigning from 1515 until his death.
Francisco José de Goya y Lucientes (30 March 1746 – 16 April 1828) was a Spanish romantic painter and printmaker.
Genoa (Genova,; Zêna; English, historically, and Genua) is the capital of the Italian region of Liguria and the sixth-largest city in Italy.
Georg Baselitz (born 23 January 1938, as Hans-Georg Kern, in Deutschbaselitz, Germany) is a German painter, sculptor and graphic artist.
Georg Pencz (c. 1500 – 11 October 1550) was a German engraver, painter and printmaker.
Georges de La Tour (March 13, 1593 – January 30, 1652) was a French Baroque painter, who spent most of his working life in the Duchy of Lorraine, which was temporarily absorbed into France between 1641 and 1648.
Giorgio Ghisi (1520 — 15 December 1582) was an Italian engraver from Mantua who also worked in Antwerp and in France.
Giorgio Vasari (30 July 1511 – 27 June 1574) was an Italian painter, architect, writer, and historian, most famous today for his Lives of the Most Excellent Painters, Sculptors, and Architects, considered the ideological foundation of art-historical writing.
Giorgione (born Giorgio Barbarelli da Castelfranco; c. 1477/78–1510) was an Italian painter of the Venetian school in the High Renaissance from Venice, whose career was ended by his death at a little over 30.
Giovanni Battista Palumba, also known as the Master I.B. with a Bird (or the Bird etc.), was an Italian printmaker active in the early 16th century, making both engravings and woodcuts; he is generally attributed with respectively 14 and 11 of these.
Giovanni Battista (also Giambattista or Piranesi) (4 October 1720 – 9 November 1778) was an Italian artist famous for his etchings of Rome and of fictitious and atmospheric "prisons" (Le Carceri d'Invenzione).
Giovanni Battista Tiepolo (March 5, 1696 – March 27, 1770), also known as Gianbattista or Giambattista Tiepolo, was an Italian painter and printmaker from the Republic of Venice.
Giovanni Benedetto Castiglione (baptized 23 March 16095 May 1664) was an Italian Baroque artist, painter, printmaker and draftsman, of the Genoese school.
Giulio Campagnola (c. 1482 – c. 1515) was an Italian engraver and painter, whose few, rare, prints translated the rich Venetian Renaissance style of oil paintings of Giorgione and the early Titian into the medium of engraving; to further his exercises in gradations of tone, he also invented the stipple technique, where multitudes of tiny dots or dashes allow smooth graduations of tone in the essentially linear technique of engraving; variations on this discovery were to be of huge importance in future printmaking.
A goldsmith is a metalworker who specializes in working with gold and other precious metals.
Gothic art was a style of medieval art that developed in Northern France out of Romanesque art in the 12th century AD, led by the concurrent development of Gothic architecture.
Guido Reni (4 November 1575 – 18 August 1642) was an Italian painter of high-Baroque style.
Hampton Court Palace is a royal palace in the borough of Richmond upon Thames, London, England, south west and upstream of central London on the River Thames.
Hans Baldung Grien or Grün (September 1545) was a German artist in painting and printmaking who was considered the most gifted student of Albrecht Dürer.
Hans Burgkmair the Elder (1473–1531) was a German painter and woodcut printmaker.
Hans Holbein the Younger (Hans Holbein der Jüngere) (– between 7 October and 29 November 1543) was a German artist and printmaker who worked in a Northern Renaissance style, known as one of the greatest portraitists of the 16th century.
Hatching (hachure in French) is an artistic technique used to create tonal or shading effects by drawing (or painting or scribing) closely spaced parallel lines.
Heinrich Aldegrever or Aldegraf (1502–1555, 1558 or 1561) was a German painter and engraver.
Hendrick Goltzius (January or February 1558 – 1 January 1617) was a German-born Dutch printmaker, draftsman, and painter.
Hercules Pieterszoon Seghers or Segers (c. 1589 – c. 1638) was a Dutch painter and printmaker of the Dutch Golden Age.
Hieronymus Cock, or Hieronymus Wellens de Cock (1518 – 3 October 1570) was a Southern Netherlandish painter and etcher as well as a publisher and distributor of prints.
IslamThere are ten pronunciations of Islam in English, differing in whether the first or second syllable has the stress, whether the s is or, and whether the a is pronounced, or (when the stress is on the first syllable) (Merriam Webster).
Israhel van Meckenem (c.1445 – 10 November 1503), also known as Israhel van Meckenem the Younger, was a German printmaker and goldsmith, perhaps of a Dutch family origin.
Joseph Mallord William Turner (23 April 177519 December 1851), known as J. M. W. Turner and contemporarily as William Turner, was an English Romantic painter, printmaker and watercolourist, known for his expressive colourisation, imaginative landscapes and turbulent, often violent marine paintings.
Jacob Isaackszoon van Ruisdael (1629 – 10 March 1682) was a Dutch painter, draughtsman, and etcher.
Jacques Bellange (c. 1575–1616) was an artist and printmaker from the Duchy of Lorraine (then independent but now part of France) whose etchings and some drawings are his only securely identified works today.
Jacques Callot (– 1635) was a baroque printmaker and draftsman from the Duchy of Lorraine (an independent state on the north-eastern border of France, southwestern border of Germany and overlapping the southern Netherlands).
Jean Duvet (1485 – after 1562) was a French Renaissance goldsmith and engraver, now best known for his engravings.
John Sell Cotman (16 May 1782 – 24 July 1842) was an English marine and landscape painter, etcher, illustrator, author and a leading member of the Norwich school of artists.
Juliet Wilson–Bareau (born 1935) is a British art historian, curator, and independent scholar, specialising in Francisco Goya and Édouard Manet.
Jusepe de Ribera (baptized February 17, 1591; died September 2, 1652) was a Spanish Tenebrist painter and printmaker, also known as José de Ribera and Josep de Ribera.
Karel Dujardin (September 27, 1622November 20, 1678) was a Dutch Golden Age painter.
Léon Davent was a French printmaker in the mid 16th century, closely associated with the First School of Fontainebleau.
A lectern (from the Latin lectus, past participle of legere, "to read") is a reading desk, with a slanted top, usually placed on a stand or affixed to some other form of support, on which documents or books are placed as support for reading aloud, as in a scripture reading, lecture, or sermon.
Les Grandes Misères de la guerre (The Great Miseries of War or The Miseries and Misfortunes of War) are a series of 18 etchings by French artist Jacques Callot (1592–1635), titled in full Les Misères et les Malheurs de la Guerre.
Liber Studiorum is a collection of prints by J. M. W. Turner.
Liberal arts education (from Latin "free" and "art or principled practice") can claim to be the oldest programme of higher education in Western history.
Key to Techniques: En.
The Little Masters ("Kleinmeister" in German), were a group of German printmakers who worked in the first half of the 16th century, primarily in engraving.
Louis XIV (Louis Dieudonné; 5 September 16381 September 1715), known as Louis the Great (Louis le Grand) or the Sun King (Roi Soleil), was a monarch of the House of Bourbon who reigned as King of France from 1643 until his death in 1715.
Lucas Cranach the Elder (Lucas Cranach der Ältere, c. 1472 – 16 October 1553) was a German Renaissance painter and printmaker in woodcut and engraving.
Lucas van Leyden (1494 – 8 August 1533), also named either Lucas Hugensz or Lucas Jacobsz, was a Dutch engraver and painter.
Ludovico (or Lodovico) Carracci (21 April 1555 – 13 November 1619) was an Italian, early-Baroque painter, etcher, and printmaker born in Bologna.
Ludwig von Siegen (c.1609 – c. 1680 Wolfenbüttel, Germany) was a German soldier and amateur engraver, who invented the printmaking technique of mezzotint, a printing-process reliant on mechanical pressure used to print more complex engravings than previously possible.
Lutheranism is a major branch of Protestant Christianity which identifies with the theology of Martin Luther (1483–1546), a German friar, ecclesiastical reformer and theologian.
Lyon (Liyon), is the third-largest city and second-largest urban area of France.
The Mantegna Tarocchi, also known as the Tarocchi Cards, Tarocchi in the style of Mantegna, Baldini Cards, are two different sets each of fifty 15th-century Italian old master prints in engraving, by two different unknown artists.
Mantua (Mantova; Emilian and Latin: Mantua) is a city and comune in Lombardy, Italy, and capital of the province of the same name.
Marcantonio Raimondi, often called simply Marcantonio (c. 1470-1482 – c. 1534), was an Italian engraver, known for being the first important printmaker whose body of work consists largely of prints copying paintings.
Martin Schongauer (c. 1445, Colmar – 2 February 1491, Breisach), also known as Martin Schön ("Martin beautiful") or Hübsch Martin ("pretty Martin") by his contemporaries, was an Alsatian engraver and painter.
Maso Tommasoii Finiguerra (1426–1464) was an Italian goldsmith, niellist, draftsman, and engraver working in Florence, who was incorrectly described by Giorgio Vasari as the inventor of engraving as a printmaking technique.
Master E. S. (c. 1420 – c. 1468; previously known as the Master of 1466) is an unidentified German engraver, goldsmith, and printmaker of the late Gothic period.
Master of the Housebook and Master of the Amsterdam Cabinet are two names used for an engraver and painter working in South Germany in the last quarter of the 15th century.
The Master of the Playing Cards (Meister der Spielkarten) was the first major master in the history of printmaking.
Matthias Grünewald (– 31 August 1528) was a German Renaissance painter of religious works who ignored Renaissance classicism to continue the style of late medieval Central European art into the 16th century.
The Metropolitan Museum of Art of New York, colloquially "the Met", is the largest art museum in the United States.
Mezzotint is a printmaking process of the intaglio family, technically a drypoint method.
Michael Wolgemut (formerly spelt Wohlgemuth; 1434 – 30 November 1519) was a German painter and printmaker, who was born and ran a workshop in Nuremberg.
Monotyping is a type of printmaking made by drawing or painting on a smooth, non-absorbent surface.
The Muses (/ˈmjuːzɪz/; Ancient Greek: Μοῦσαι, Moũsai) are the inspirational goddesses of literature, science, and the arts in Greek mythology.
Naples (Napoli, Napule or; Neapolis; lit) is the regional capital of Campania and the third-largest municipality in Italy after Rome and Milan.
Nationalism is a political, social, and economic system characterized by the promotion of the interests of a particular nation, especially with the aim of gaining and maintaining sovereignty (self-governance) over the homeland.
The name Nazarene was adopted by a group of early 19th century German Romantic painters who aimed to revive honesty and spirituality in Christian art.
Nicolaes Pieterszoon Berchem (1 October 1620 – 18 February 1683) was a highly esteemed and prolific Dutch Golden Age painter of pastoral landscapes, populated with mythological or biblical figures, but also of a number of allegories and genre pieces.
Niello is a black mixture, usually of sulphur, copper, silver, and lead, used as an inlay on engraved or etched metal, especially silver.
A novel is a relatively long work of narrative fiction, normally in prose, which is typically published as a book.
Nuremberg (Nürnberg) is a city on the river Pegnitz and on the Rhine–Main–Danube Canal in the German state of Bavaria, in the administrative region of Middle Franconia, about north of Munich.
The Nuremberg Chronicle is an illustrated biblical paraphrase and world history that follows the story of human history related in the Bible; it includes the histories of a number of important Western cities.
An Oil sketch or oil study is an artwork made primarily in oil paint in preparation for a larger, finished work.
Padua (Padova; Pàdova) is a city and comune in Veneto, northern Italy.
Paper is a thin material produced by pressing together moist fibres of cellulose pulp derived from wood, rags or grasses, and drying them into flexible sheets.
Paris is the capital and most populous city of France, with an area of and a population of 2,206,488.
Girolamo Francesco Maria Mazzola (also known as Francesco Mazzola or, more commonly, as Parmigianino ("the little one from Parma"); 11 January 150324 August 1540) was an Italian Mannerist painter and printmaker active in Florence, Rome, Bologna, and his native city of Parma.
Sir Peter Paul Rubens (28 June 1577 – 30 May 1640) was a Flemish artist.
Philip (or Philips) Galle (1537 – March 1612) was a Dutch publisher, best known for publishing old master prints, which he also produced as designer and engraver.
Pieter Bruegel (also Brueghel) the Elder (c. 1525-1530 – 9 September 1569) was the most significant artist of Dutch and Flemish Renaissance painting, a painter and printmaker from Brabant, known for his landscapes and peasant scenes (so called genre painting); he was a pioneer in making both types of subject the focus in large paintings.
A playing card is a piece of specially prepared heavy paper, thin cardboard, plastic-coated paper, cotton-paper blend, or thin plastic, marked with distinguishing motifs and used as one of a set for playing card games.
Popular prints is a term for printed images of generally low artistic quality which were sold cheaply in Europe and later the New World from the 15th to 18th centuries, often with text as well as images.
A print room is either a room or industrial building where printing takes place, or a room in an art gallery or museum, where a collection of old master and modern prints, usually together with drawings, watercolours and photographs, are held and viewed.
Printing is a process for reproducing text and images using a master form or template.
Printmaking is the process of making artworks by printing, normally on paper.
Raffaello Sanzio da Urbino (March 28 or April 6, 1483April 6, 1520), known as Raphael, was an Italian painter and architect of the High Renaissance.
Rembrandt Harmenszoon van Rijn (15 July 1606 – 4 October 1669) was a Dutch draughtsman, painter, and printmaker.
Robert Nanteuil (1623 or 1630–1678) was a French portrait artist: engraver, draughtsman and pastellist to the court of Louis XIV.
Rome (Roma; Roma) is the capital city of Italy and a special comune (named Comune di Roma Capitale).
The Free State of Saxony (Freistaat Sachsen; Swobodny stat Sakska) is a landlocked federal state of Germany, bordering the federal states of Brandenburg, Saxony Anhalt, Thuringia, and Bavaria, as well as the countries of Poland (Lower Silesian and Lubusz Voivodeships) and the Czech Republic (Karlovy Vary, Liberec, and Ústí nad Labem Regions).
The Ecole de Fontainebleau (c.1530–c.1610) refers to two periods of artistic production in France during the late Renaissance centered on the royal Château de Fontainebleau, that were crucial in forming the French version of Northern Mannerism.
Sebald Beham (1500–1550) was a German painter and printmaker, especially noted for his engravings.
Stefano della Bella (18 May 1610 – 12 July 1664) was an Italian draughtsman and printmaker known for etchings of a great variety of subjects, including military and court scenes, landscapes, and lively genre scenes.
Suzanne Boorsch is the Robert L. Solley Curator of Prints and Drawings at the Yale University Art Gallery.
Switzerland, officially the Swiss Confederation, is a sovereign state in Europe.
The Disasters of War (Spanish: Los desastres de la guerra) is a series of 8280 prints in the first published edition (1863), for which the last two plates were not available.
Theodorus de Bry (also Theodor de Bry) (1528 – 27 March 1598) was an engraver, goldsmith, editor and publisher, famous for his depictions of early European expeditions to the Americas.
The Thirty Years' War was a war fought primarily in Central Europe between 1618 and 1648.
Tiziano Vecelli or Tiziano Vecellio (1488/1490 – 27 August 1576), known in English as Titian, was an Italian painter, the most important member of the 16th-century Venetian school.
The Uffizi Gallery (italic) is a prominent art museum located adjacent to the Piazza della Signoria in the Historic Centre of Florence in the region of Tuscany, Italy.
Ugo da Carpi (c. 1480 – c. 1532) was an Italian printmaker active between 1509 and 1532 in the cities of Venice, Rome and Bologna.
Urs Graf (c. 1485 in Solothurn, Switzerland – possibly before 13 October 1528) was a Swiss Renaissance goldsmith, painter and printmaker (of woodcuts, etchings and engravings), as well as a mercenary soldier.
A veduta (Italian for "view"; plural vedute) is a highly detailed, usually large-scale painting or, more often print, of a cityscape or some other vista.
Vellum is prepared animal skin or "membrane" used as a material for writing on.
Venice (Venezia,; Venesia) is a city in northeastern Italy and the capital of the Veneto region.
Ventura di Archangelo Salimbeni (also later called Bevilacqua; 20 January 1568 – 1613) was an Italian Counter-Maniera painter and printmaker highly influenced by the vaghezza and sensual reform of Federico Barocci.
Vicenza is a city in northeastern Italy.
Watercolor (American English) or watercolour (British English; see spelling differences), also aquarelle (French, diminutive of Latin aqua "water"), is a painting method in which the paints are made of pigments suspended in a water-based solution.
Václav Hollar (13 July 160725 March 1677), was a Bohemian etcher, known in England as Wenceslaus or Wenceslas and by speakers of German as Wenzel Hollar.
The Wierix family, sometimes seen in alternative spellings such as Wiericx, were a Flemish family of artists who distinguished themselves as printmakers and draughtsmen in the late 16th and early 17th centuries.
William Blake (28 November 1757 – 12 August 1827) was an English poet, painter, and printmaker.
William Hogarth FRSA (10 November 1697 – 26 October 1764) was an English painter, printmaker, pictorial satirist, social critic, and editorial cartoonist.
Woodcut is a relief printing technique in printmaking.
A work of art, artwork, art piece, piece of art or art object is an aesthetic physical item or artistic creation.
Broad Manner, Broad manner, Fine Manner, Fine manner, German School of Engraving, German school of Engraving, Italian school of engraving, Old Master print, Old master prints, Single leaf woodcut, Single leaf woodcuts, Single-leaf woodcuts, Singleleaf woodcut, Singleleaf woodcuts.