204 relations: Abdul Wahid al Nur, Abu Nidal, Addis Ababa, African Union, African Union Mission in Sudan, Ahmed al-Mirghani, Aid agency, Akua Kuenyehia, Al Jazeera, Al Jazeera English, Al-Qaeda, Al-Shifa pharmaceutical factory, Alfred de Montesquiou, Ali Abdullah Saleh, Ali Osman Taha, Amnesty International, Amr Moussa, Anglo-Egyptian Sudan, Anita Ušacka, Anti-Gaddafi forces, Arab League, Arabs, Arrest warrant, Bakri Hassan Saleh, BBC News, Bedouin, Belfast Telegraph, Bloomberg News, Brigadier, Cairo, Carlos the Jackal, Central Intelligence Agency, Chad–Sudan relations, Chargé d'affaires, Chemical weapon, CNN, Coalition for the International Criminal Court, Colin Powell, Command responsibility, Comprehensive Peace Agreement, Consociationalism, Conspiracy (criminal), Constitution of Kenya, Copenhagen, Coup d'état, Crimes against humanity, Cruise missile, Cruise missile strikes on Afghanistan and Sudan (August 1998), Darfur, Darfur Peace Agreement, ..., Darfur Regional Authority, David Frost, David Smith (journalist), Defence minister, Deportation, Displaced person, Dissenting opinion, Egyptian Army, Egyptian Islamic Jihad, Egyptian Military Academy, Elections in Sudan, Elias Kifle, Encarta, Ethiopian Review, Ethnic cleansing, European Space Agency, European Union Institute for Security Studies, Federal government of the United States, First Sudanese Civil War, France 24, Fred Bridgland, Frost Over the World, Fur people, Gaafar Nimeiry, Genocide, Genocide Intervention Network, Guerrilla warfare, Gulf War, Haaretz, Hassan al-Turabi, Hassan Rouhani, Head of state, History Commons, History of Sudan, Hosh Bannaga, Houthis, Human Rights Watch, International Criminal Court, International isolation, International Press Institute, IRIN, Islamic fundamentalism, Ismaïl Omar Guelleh, Ja'alin tribe, Janjaweed, Jeffrey Gettleman, John Garang, Jurisdiction, Justice and Equality Movement, Kampala, Khartoum, Kofi Annan, Lee H. Hamilton, Liberal Democrats (Sudan), Liberation and Justice Movement, Library of Congress, List of current heads of state and government, List of heads of state of Sudan, List of people indicted in the International Criminal Court, Lloyds Bank, Looting, Los Angeles Times, Luis Moreno Ocampo, Mail & Guardian, Mansoor Ijaz, Martin Luther Agwai, Masalit people, Mass grave, Mercy Corps, Mikhail Margelov, Military attaché, Minni Minnawi, Muammar Gaddafi, Nairobi, Najib Balala, NASA, National Congress (Sudan), National Islamic Front, NATO, NBC News, Non-Aligned Movement, Organisation of Islamic Cooperation, Osama bin Laden, Oxfam, Paratrooper, Peacekeeping, Phyllis E. Oakley, Politics of Sudan, Portable Document Format, Press TV, Proposed Darfurian referendum, Radio Dabanga, Radio Netherlands Worldwide, Reuters, Revolutionary Command Council for National Salvation, RIA Novosti, Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court, RTTNews, Sadiq al-Mahdi, Salva Kiir Mayardit, Sandy Berger, Saudi Arabian-led intervention in Yemen, Second Sudanese Civil War, Sharia, Shia Islam, Simon Tisdall, South Sudan, Square Kilometre Array, State of emergency, State Sponsors of Terrorism, Sudan Liberation Movement/Army, Sudan People's Liberation Army, Sudan People's Liberation Movement, Sudan Tribune, Sudanese Air Force, Sudanese Arabs, Sudanese Armed Forces, Sudanese dinar, Sudanese general election, 1996, Sudanese general election, 2000, Sudanese general election, 2010, Sunni Islam, Sylvia Steiner, The Australian, The Economist, The Globe and Mail, The Guardian, The Nation (Pakistan), The New York Times, The Scotsman, The Times, The Washington Post, Theft, Timothy M. Carney, Tokyo International Conference on African Development, Uhuru Park, Umaru Musa Yar'Adua, United Nations Security Council, United Nations Security Council Resolution 1593, United Nations Security Council Resolution 1706, United Nations–African Union Mission in Darfur, United States Department of State, United States Institute of Peace, Uppsala Conflict Data Program, Vanity Fair (magazine), Voice of America, War crime, War in Darfur, WikiLeaks, Yom Kippur War, Yoweri Museveni, Zaghawa people, Zubair Mohamed Salih, 9/11 Commission Report. Expand index (154 more) » « Shrink index
Abdul Wahid Mohamed al Nur (also Abdel Wahid el-Nur and Abdulwahid Mohammed Nour) (1968 &ndash) is the leader of the rebel Sudan Liberation Movement (al Nur) faction.
Sabri Khalil al-Banna (Arabic: صبري خليل البنا, May 1937 – 16 August 2002), known as Abu Nidal (أبو نضال), was the founder of Fatah – The Revolutionary Council (فتح المجلس الثوري), a militant Palestinian splinter group commonly known as the Abu Nidal Organization (ANO).
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Addis Ababa (አዲስ አበባ,, “new flower”; Finfinne, "Natural Spring(s)"), sometimes spelled Addis Abeba (the spelling used by the official Ethiopian Mapping Authority), is the capital city of Ethiopia.
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The African Union (AU) is a continental union consisting of 54 countries in Africa.
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The African Union Mission in Sudan (AMIS) was an African Union (AU) peacekeeping force operating primarily in the country's western region of Darfur with the aim of performing peacekeeping operations related to the Darfur conflict.
(Al-sayyid) Ahmad Ali Al-Mirghani (أحمد الميرغني, 16 August 1941, North Khartoum – November 2, 2008) was the President of Sudan from May 6, 1986 to June 30, 1989, when the democratically elected government was toppled by a military coup led by the current President Omar al-Bashir.
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An aid agency is an organisation dedicated to distributing aid.
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Akua Kuenyehia (born 1947) is a Ghanaian lawyer who served a judge of the International Criminal Court (ICC) from 2003 to 2015.
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Al Jazeera (الجزيرة, literally "The Peninsula", referring to the Arabian Peninsula), also known as Aljazeera and JSC (Jazeera Satellite Channel), is a Doha-based state-funded broadcaster owned by the Al Jazeera Media Network, which is partly funded by the House of Thani, the ruling family of Qatar.
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Al Jazeera English (AJE) is an international state-funded 24-hour English-language news and current affairs TV channel owned and operated by Al Jazeera Media Network, which is headquartered in Doha, Qatar.
Al-Qæda (or; القاعدة,, translation: "The Base", "The Foundation" or "The Fundament" and alternatively spelled al-Qaida, al-Qæda and sometimes al-Qa'ida) is a global militant Islamist organization founded by Osama bin Laden, Abdullah Azzam, and several others, at some point between August 1988.
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The Al-Shifa (الشفاء, Arabic for "healing") pharmaceutical factory in Khartoum North, Sudan, was constructed between 1992 and 1996 with components imported from the United States, Sweden, Italy, Switzerland, Germany, India, and Thailand.
Alfred de Montesquiou is a contemporary French reporter and author.
Ali Abdullah Saleh (علي عبدالله صالح, ʿAlī ʿAbdullāh Ṣāliḥ; born 21 March 1942) is a Yemeni politician who was President of Yemen from 1990 to 2012.
Ali Osman Mohammed Taha (علي عثمان محمد طه, also transliterated "Othman" or "Uthman") is a Sudanese politician who was First Vice President of Sudan from July 2011 to December 2013.
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Amnesty International (commonly known as Amnesty and AI) is a non-governmental organisation focused on human rights with over 7 million members and supporters around the world.
Amr Moussa (عمرو محمد موسى,; born 3 October 1936) is an Egyptian politician and diplomat who was the Secretary-General of the Arab League, a 22-member forum representing Arab states, from 1 June 2001 to 1 June 2011.
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Anglo-Egyptian Sudan (السودان الإنجليزي المصري) referred to the manner by which Sudan was administered between 1899 and 1956, when it was a condominium of the United Kingdom and Egypt, but in practice the structure of the Condominium ensured full British control over the Sudan.
Anita Ušacka (born April 26, 1952) is a Latvian and international judge and legal academic.
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The anti-Gaddafi forces were Libyan groups that opposed and militarily defeated the government of Muammar Gaddafi, killing him in the process.
The Arab League (الجامعة العربية), formally, the League of Arab States (جامعة الدول العربية), is a regional organization of Arab countries in and around North Africa, the Horn of Africa and Arabia.
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Arabs (عرب, ʿarab) are a major panethnic group whose native language is Arabic, comprising the majority of the Arab world.
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An arrest warrant (also officially called warrant of arrest in the Philippines) is a warrant issued by a judge or magistrate on behalf of the state, which authorizes the arrest and detention of an individual, or the search and seizure of an individual's property.
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Bakri Hassan Saleh (بكري حسن صالح) is a Sudanese politician who is the current First Vice President of Sudan.
BBC News is an operational business division of the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) responsible for the gathering and broadcasting of news and current affairs.
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The Bedouin (also Bedouins; from the Arabic badw بَدْو or badawiyyīn/badawiyyūn/"Al Buainain بَدَوِيُّون, plurals of badawī بَدَوِي) are an Arab seminomadic group, descended from nomads who have historically inhabited the Arabian and Syrian Deserts.
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The Belfast Telegraph is a daily newspaper published in Belfast, Northern Ireland, by Independent News & Media.
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Bloomberg News is an international news agency headquartered in New York, United States and a division of Bloomberg L.P. Content produced by Bloomberg News is disseminated through the Bloomberg terminal, Bloomberg Television, Bloomberg Radio, Bloomberg Businessweek, Bloomberg Markets, Bloomberg.com and Bloomberg's mobile platforms.
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Brigadier is a military rank, the seniority of which depends on the country.
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Cairo (القاهرة; Ⲕⲁϩⲓⲣⲏ) is the capital of Egypt and the largest city in the Middle-East and second-largest in Africa after Lagos.
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Ilich Ramírez Sánchez (born October 12, 1949), also known as Carlos the Jackal, is a Venezuelan terrorist currently serving a life sentence in France for the 1975 murder of an informant for the French government and two French counter-intelligence agents.
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The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) is a civilian foreign intelligence service of the U.S. Government, tasked with gathering, processing and analyzing national security information from around the world, primarily through the use of human intelligence (HUMINT).
The populations of eastern Chad and western Sudan established social and religious ties long before either nation's independence, and these remained strong despite disputes between governments.
In diplomacy, a chargé d'affaires (French for "charged with (in charge of) matters"), often shortened to simply chargé, is a diplomat – usually a diplomatic secretary, counselor or minister – who heads a diplomatic mission (e.g., an embassy) in the absence of its titular head (e.g., an ambassador).
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A chemical weapon (CW) is a munition that uses chemicals formulated to inflict death or harm on human beings.
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The Cable News Network (CNN) is an American basic cable and satellite television channel that is owned by the Turner Broadcasting System division of Time Warner.
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The Coalition for the International Criminal Court (CICC) is an international non-governmental organisation (NGO) with a membership of over 2,500 organizations worldwide advocating for a fair, effective and independent International Criminal Court (ICC).
Colin Luther Powell (born April 5, 1937) is an American statesman and a retired four-star general in the United States Army.
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Command responsibility, sometimes referred to as the Yamashita standard or the Medina standard, and also known as superior responsibility, is the doctrine of hierarchical accountability in cases of war crimes committed during wartime.
The Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA, اتفاقية السلام الشامل, Ittifāqiyat al-Sālāam aš-Šaāmil), also known as the Naivasha Agreement, was a set of agreements culminating in January 2005 that were signed between the Sudan People's Liberation Movement (SPLM) and the Government of Sudan.
Consociationalism is often viewed as synonymous with power-sharing, although it is technically only one form of power-sharing.
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In criminal law, a conspiracy is an agreement between two or more persons to commit a crime at some time in the future.
The 2010 Constitution of Kenya, currently in force, replaced the 1969 constitution, that itself had replaced the 1963 independence constitution.
Copenhagen (København), historically known as the capital of the Denmark-Norway union, is the capital and most populated city of Denmark, with an urban population of 1,263,698 and a metropolitan population of 1,992,114.
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A coup d'état (literally "blow of state"; plural: coups d'état, pronounced like the singular form), also known simply as a coup, or an overthrow, is the sudden and (usually) illegal seizure of a state, usually instigated by a small group of the existing government establishment to depose the established regime and replace it with a new ruling body.
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Crimes against humanity are certain acts which are committed as part of a widespread or systematic attack directed against any civilian population.
A cruise missile is a guided missile used against terrestrial targets, so called because the major portion of its flight path is conducted at cruise speed (i.e., approximately constant velocity).
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The August 1998 bombings of Afghanistan and Sudan (codenamed Operation Infinite Reach by the United States) were American cruise missile strikes on terrorist bases in Afghanistan and a pharmaceutical factory in Sudan on August 20, 1998.
Darfur (دار فور, Fur) is a region in western Sudan.
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The Darfur Peace Agreement may refer to one of two Darfur Peace Agreements that have been signed by the Government of Sudan and Darfur-based rebel groups with the intention of ending the Darfur Conflict.
The Darfur Regional Authority (السلطة الإنتقالية الإقليمية لدارفور, al-slTa al-intqalia al-iqlimia al-darfor) is an interim governing body for the Darfur region of the Republic of Sudan.
Sir David Paradine Frost, (7 April 1939 – 31 August 2013) was an English journalist, comedian, writer, media personality and television host.
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David Smith is the Africa correspondent of the UK's The Guardian newspaper.
The title Defense minister, Minister for Defense, Secretary of Defense, Secretary of State for Defence, Secretary of National Defense or some similar variation, is assigned to the person in a cabinet position in charge of a Ministry of Defence, which regulates the armed forces in sovereign states.
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Deportation is the expulsion of a person or group of people from a place or country.
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A displaced person (sometimes abbreviated DP) is a person who has been forced to leave his or her home or place of habitual residence, a phenomenon known as forced migration.
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A dissenting opinion (or dissent) is an opinion in a legal case written by one or more judges expressing disagreement with the majority opinion of the court which gives rise to its judgment.
The Egyptian Army is the largest service branch within the Egyptian Armed Forces, and is the largest army in both the Middle East and Africa.
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The Egyptian Islamic Jihad (الجهاد الإسلامي المصري) (EIJ) formerly called simply Islamic Jihad (الجهاد الإسلامي and Liberation Army for Holy Sites) originally referred to as al-Jihad, and then the Jihad Group, or the Jihad Organization, is an Egyptian Islamist terrorist group active since the late 1970s.
The Egyptian Military Academy (الكلية الحربية) is the oldest and most prominent military academy in Egypt and Africa.
Sudan elects on national level a head of state - the president - and a legislature.
Elias Kifle (Amharic: ኤልያስ ክፍሌ) is the publisher and editor-in-chief of the Washington D.C.-based Ethiopian Review, an English/Amharic language Ethiopian news and opinion journal that was launched in January 1991.
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Microsoft Encarta was a digital multimedia encyclopedia published by Microsoft Corporation from 1993 to 2009.
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Ethiopian Review is an Ethiopian news and opinion journal published in English and Amharic.
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Ethnic cleansing is the systematic forced removal of ethnic or religious groups from a given territory by a more powerful ethnic group, with the intent of making it ethnically homogeneous.
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The European Space Agency (ESA; Agence spatiale européenne, ASE; Europäische Weltraumorganisation) is an intergovernmental organisation dedicated to the exploration of space, with 22 member states.
The European Union Institute for Security Studies (EUISS) is a Paris-based agency of the European Union.
The government of the United States of America is the federal government of the republic of fifty states that constitute the United States, as well as one capital district, and several other territories.
The First Sudanese Civil War (also known as the Anyanya Rebellion or Anyanya I, after the name of the rebels) was a conflict from 1955 to 1972 between the northern part of Sudan and the southern Sudan region that demanded representation and more regional autonomy.
France 24 (pronounced France vingt-quatre on all three editions) is an international news and current affairs television channel based in Paris.
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Fred Bridgland is a British writer and biographer.
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Frost Over the World was a television interview and news talk show, with Sir David Frost as host.
The Fur (Fur: fòòrà, Arabic: فور Fūr) are an ethnic group from western Sudan, principally inhabiting the region of Darfur where they are the largest tribe.
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Gaafar Muhammad an-Nimeiry (otherwise spelled in English as Jaafar Nimeiry, Gaafar Nimeiry or Ga'far Muhammad Numayri; جعفر محمد نميري; 1 January 193030 May 2009) was the President of Sudan from 1969 to 1985.
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Genocide is the systematic elimination of all or a significant part of a racial, ethnic, religious, cultural or national group.
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Genocide Intervention Network logo The Genocide Intervention Network (or GI-NET) was a non-profit organization aiming to “empower individuals and communities with the tools to prevent and stop genocide".
Guerrilla warfare is a form of irregular warfare in which a small group of combatants such as armed civilians or irregulars use military tactics including ambushes, sabotage, raids, petty warfare, hit-and-run tactics, and mobility to fight a larger and less-mobile traditional military.
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The Gulf War (2 August 1990 – 28 February 1991), codenamed Operation Desert Shield (2 August 1990 – 17 January 1991) for operations leading to the buildup of troops and defense of Saudi Arabia and Operation Desert Storm (17 January 1991 – 28 February 1991) in its combat phase, was a war waged by coalition forces from 34 nations led by the United States against Iraq in response to Iraq's invasion and annexation of Kuwait.
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Haaretz (הארץ) (lit. "The Land ", originally Ḥadashot Ha'aretz – חדשות הארץ, – "News the Land ") is Israel's oldest daily newspaper.
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Hassan 'Abd Allah al-Turabi (born c.1932 in Kassala) is a religious and Islamist political leader in Sudan.
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Hassan Rouhani (fa,; born Hassan Fereydoun on 12 November 1948) is the seventh President of Iran, in office since 2013.
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A head of state is the highest-ranking constitutional position in a sovereign state and is vested with powers to act as the chief public representative of that state.
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The History Commons is a web site and organization that documents events and issues of great social and political significance, focusing primarily on events and issues from the 1970s to the present day.
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This article covers the history of the territory which is today part of the Republic of Sudan.
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Hosh Bannaga, 150 kilometres north of the capital Khartoum, is located in the outskirts of Shendi in the River Nile state.
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Ansar Allah (أنصار الله "Supporters of God"), known more popularly as the Houthis (الحوثيون al-Ḥūthiyyūn), are a Zaidi Shia group from Sa'dah, northern Yemen, which was founded by Hussein Badreddin al-Houthi.
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Human Rights Watch (HRW) is an international non-governmental organization that conducts research and advocacy on human rights.
The International Criminal Court (ICC or ICCt) is an intergovernmental organization and international tribunal that sits in The Hague in the Netherlands.
International isolation is a penalty applied by the international community or a sizeable or powerful group of countries, like the United Nations, towards one nation, government or people group.
International Press Institute (IPI) is a global organisation dedicated to the promotion and protection of press freedom and the improvement of journalism practices.
Integrated Regional Information Networks (IRIN) acts as a news agency focusing on humanitarian stories in regions that are often forgotten, under-reported, misunderstood or ignored.
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Islamic fundamentalism (أصول (uṣūl), the "fundamentals"), or radical Islam, is a description used in relation to Islamic ideology.
Ismaïl Omar Guelleh (Ismaaciil Cumar Geelle; إسماعيل عمر جليه) (born 27 November 1947).
Ja'alin or Ja'al are an Arabic speaking, Semitic tribe.
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The Janjaweed (Arabic: جنجويد janjawīd of unclear etymology but ostensibly formed from the local dialectal Arabic words for "man" or "spirit", "gun" and "horse"; also transliterated Janjawid) are a militia that operate in Darfur, western Sudan, and eastern Chad.
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Jeffrey A. Gettleman (born 1971) is an American journalist.
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John Garang de Mabior (June 23, 1945 – July 30, 2005) was a Sudanese politician and leader.
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Jurisdiction (from the Latin ius, iuris meaning "law" and dicere meaning "to speak") is the practical authority to interpret and apply the law, or to govern and legislate.
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The Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) (حركة العدل والمساواة) is a Sudanese opposition group founded by Khalil Ibrahim, the group has been led since January 2012 by his brother Gibril Ibrahim, as Khalil was killed in December 2011.
Kampala is the capital and largest city of Uganda.
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KhartoumThe name Khartoum comes from الخرطوم / /, literally "the hose".
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Kofi Atta Annan (born 8 April 1938) is a Ghanaian diplomat who served as the seventh Secretary-General of the United Nations from January 1997 to December 2006.
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Lee Herbert Hamilton (born April 20, 1931) is a former member of the United States House of Representatives and currently a member of the U.S. Homeland Security Advisory Council.
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The Liberal Democrats (Arabic: حِزب الديمقراطيين الأحرار, Hizb Al-Demokhrateen AL-Ahrar) is a political party in Sudan.
The Liberation and Justice Movement is a rebel group in the Darfur conflict in Sudan, led by Dr Tijani Sese.
The Library of Congress is the research library that officially serves the United States Congress, but which is the de facto national library of the United States.
This is a list of current heads of state and government, showing heads of state and heads of government where different, mainly in parliamentary systems.
This is a list of heads of state of Sudan, from the independence of the country in 1956 to the present day.
The list of people who have been indicted in the International Criminal Court includes all individuals who have been indicted on any counts of genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes, or contempt of court in the International Criminal Court (ICC) pursuant to the Rome Statute.
Lloyds Bank plc is a British retail and commercial bank with branches across England and Wales.
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Looting, also referred to as sacking, ransacking, plundering, despoiling, despoliation, and pillaging, is the indiscriminate taking of goods by force as part of a military or political victory, or during a catastrophe, such as war, natural disaster, or rioting.
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The Los Angeles Times, commonly referred to as the Times, is a paid daily newspaper published in Los Angeles, California, since 1881.
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Luis Gabriel Moreno OcampoMoreno Ocampo's surnames are often hyphenated in English-language media to distinguish Moreno as a surname, rather than a given name.
The Mail & Guardian is a South African weekly newspaper, published by M&G Media in Johannesburg, South Africa.
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Mansoor Ijaz (منصور اعجاز) (born August 1961) is an American venture financier and hedge-fund manager.
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General Martin Luther Agwai CFR GSS psc(+) fwc is a retired Nigerian army officer who served as Chief of Defence Staff and Chief of Army Staff.
The Masalit (masara in Masalit; ماساليت) are a nation of people of Darfur in western Sudan and Wadai in eastern Chad.
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A mass grave is a grave containing multiple number of human corpses, which may or may not be identified prior to burial.
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Mercy Corps is an American aid agency engaged in transitional environments that have experienced some sort of shock: natural disaster, economic collapse, or conflict.
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Mikhail Vitalievich Margelov (Михаил Витальевич Маргелов) (born December 22, 1964 in Moscow, Russia), the current Chairman of the Foreign Affairs Committee of the Federation Council of Russia.
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A military attaché is a military expert who is attached to a diplomatic mission (an attaché).
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Suliman Arcua Minnawi, known as "Minni Minnawi" (born 1968 in Furawiyya, North Darfur), was the leader of the largest faction of the Sudanese Liberation Army.
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Muammar Muhammad Abu Minyar al-Gaddafi Details about Gaddafi's own involvement in the disambiguate spelling of his name in English.
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Nairobi is the capital and largest city of Kenya.
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Najib Balala (born 20 September 1967) is a Kenyan politician and former Minister for Tourism, and the immediate former M.P. for Mvita Constituency.
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The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is the United States government agency responsible for the civilian space program as well as aeronautics and aerospace research.
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The National Congress or National Congress Party (NCP) (المؤتمر الوطني) is the governing official political party of Sudan.
The National Islamic Front (الجبهة الإسلامية القومية; transliterated: al-Jabhah al-Islamiyah al-Qawmiyah) was an Islamist political organization founded in 1976 and led by Dr.
The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO; Organisation du traité de l'Atlantique Nord; OTAN), also called the North Atlantic Alliance, is an intergovernmental military alliance based on the North Atlantic Treaty which was signed on 4 April 1949.
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NBC News is a division of the American broadcast network NBC.
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The Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) is a group of states which are not formally aligned with or against any major power bloc.
The Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC; منظمة التعاون الإسلامي; Organisation de la coopération islamique, OCI)Upon the groups's renaming, some sources provided the English-language translation "Organisation of the Islamic Cooperation", but and have since indicated the preferred English translation omits the "the".
Osama bin Mohammed bin Awad bin Laden (أسامة بن محمد بن عوض بن لادن,; March 10, 1957 May 2, 2011) was the founder of al-Qaeda, the organization that claimed responsibility for the September 11 attacks on the United States, along with numerous other mass-casualty attacks against civilian and military targets.
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Oxfam is an international confederation of 17 organisations working in approximately 94 countries worldwide to find solutions to poverty and what it considers injustice around the world.
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Paratroopers are military parachutists — soldiers and others trained in parachuting into an operation and usually functioning as part of an airborne force.
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Peacekeeping refers to activities that tend to create conditions that favor lasting peace.
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Phyllis Elliott Oakley (born 1934 in Omaha, Nebraska) is a diplomat who served as U.S. Assistant Secretary of State for Population, Refugees, and Migration (1994–97) and Assistant Secretary of State for Intelligence and Research (1997–99).
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Officially, the politics of Sudan takes place in the framework of a presidential representative democratic consociationalist republic, where the President of Sudan is Head of State, Head of Government and Commander-in-Chief of the Sudanese Armed Forces in a multi-party system.
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Portable Document Format (PDF) is a file format used to present documents in a manner independent of application software, hardware and operating systems.
Press TV (stylised PRESSTV) is a 24-hour English language news and documentary network, affiliated with Islamic Republic of Iran Broadcasting (IRIB).
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A referendum on the permanent status of the Darfur region was to be held in Sudan by July 2012.
Radio Dabanga (also: Radio Darfur) is a shortwave radio station which serves the Darfur area of western Sudan.
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This article is about the former international broadcaster.
Reuters is an international news agency headquartered in Canary Wharf, London, England, United Kingdom and a division of Thomson Reuters.
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The Revolutionary Command Council for National Salvation (RCC) was the authority by which the military government of Sudan under Lt.
RIA Novosti (РИА Новости), sometimes shortly RIA (РИА) was Russia's international news agency until 2013 and continues to be the name of a state-operated domestic Russian-language news agency.
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The Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court (often referred to as the International Criminal Court Statute or the Rome Statute) is the treaty that established the International Criminal Court (ICC).
RTTNews is an Internet-based newswire service and content creation business.
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Sadiq al-Mahdi (الصادق المهدي) (also known as Sadiq Al Siddiq, born December 25, 1935) is a Sudanese political and religious figure who was Prime Minister of Sudan from 1966 to 1967 and again from 1986 to 1989.
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Salva Kiir Mayardit (born 13 September 1951) is a South Sudanese politician who has been President of South Sudan since its independence in 2011.
Samuel Richard "Sandy" Berger (born October 28, 1945) is an American political consultant who served as the United States National Security Advisor for President Bill Clinton from March 14, 1997 until January 20, 2001.
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The Saudi Arabian-led intervention in Yemen began in 2015 to influence the outcome of the Yemeni Civil War.
The Second Sudanese Civil War was a conflict from 1983 to 2005 between the central Sudanese government and the Sudan People's Liberation Army.
Sharia or sharia law (شريعة, is the Islamic legal system derived from the religious precepts of Islam, particularly the Quran and the Hadith. The term sharia comes from the Arabic language term sharīʿah, which means a body of moral and religious law derived from religious prophecy, as opposed to human legislation. Sharia deals with many topics, including crime, politics, and economics, as well as personal matters such as sexual intercourse, hygiene, diet, prayer, everyday etiquette and fasting. Adherence to sharia has served as one of the distinguishing characteristics of the Muslim faith historically. In its strictest and most historically coherent definition, sharia is considered in Islam as the infallible law of God.Coulson, N. J. (2011), A history of Islamic law, Aldine, ISBN 978-1412818551 There are two primary sources of sharia: the Quran, and the Hadiths (opinions and life example of Muhammad).Esposito, John (2001), Women in Muslim family law, Syracuse University Press, ISBN 978-0815629085 For topics and issues not directly addressed in these primary sources, sharia is derived. The derivation differs between the various sects of Islam (Sunni and Shia), and various jurisprudence schools such as Hanafi, Maliki, Shafi'i, Hanbali and Jafari. The sharia in these schools is derived hierarchically using one or more of the following guidelines: Ijma (usually the consensus of Muhammad's companions), Qiyas (analogy derived from the primary sources), Istihsan (ruling that serves the interest of Islam in the discretion of Islamic jurists) and Urf (customs). Sharia is a significant source of legislation in various Muslim countries. Some apply all or a majority of the sharia code, and these include Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Brunei, United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Yemen and Mauritania. In these countries, sharia prescribed punishments such as beheading, flogging and stoning continue to be practiced judicially or extra-judicially. The introduction of sharia is a longstanding goal for Islamist movements globally, including in Western countries, but attempts to impose sharia have been accompanied by controversy, violence, and even warfare. Most countries do not recognize sharia; however, some countries in Asia, Africa and Europe recognize parts of sharia and accept it as the law on divorce, inheritance and other personal affairs of their Islamic population. In Britain, the Muslim Arbitration Tribunal makes use of sharia family law to settle disputes, and this limited adoption of sharia is controversial. The concept of crime, judicial process, justice and punishment embodied in sharia is different from that of secular law. The differences between sharia and secular laws have led to an ongoing controversy as to whether sharia is compatible with secular forms of government, human rights, freedom of thought, and women's rights.
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Shia (شيعة Shīʿah), an abbreviation of Shīʻatu ʻAlī (شيعة علي, "followers/party of Ali"), is a denomination of Islam which holds that the Islamic prophet Muhammad's proper successor as Caliph was his son-in-law and cousin Ali ibn Abi Talib.
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Simon Tisdall (born 1953) is a columnist for The Guardian newspaper and an assistant editor of the newspaper.
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South Sudan, officially the Republic of South Sudan, is a landlocked country in northeastern Africa that gained its independence from Sudan in 2011.
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The Square Kilometre Array (SKA) is a radio telescope project that will be built in Australia and South Africa.
A government or division of government (i.e. on a municipal, provincial/state level) may declare that their area is in a state of emergency.
"State Sponsors of Terrorism" is a designation applied by the United States Department of State to countries which the Department alleges to have "repeatedly provided support for acts of international terrorism." Inclusion on the list imposes strict unilateral sanctions.
The Sudan Liberation Movement/Army or (Arabic: حركة تحرير السودان, Ḥarakat Taḥrīr Al-Sūdān) (abbreviated as either SLM or SLA) is a Sudanese rebel group.
The Sudan People's Liberation Army (SPLA) is the army of the Republic of South Sudan.
The Sudan People's Liberation Movement (SPLM) (Juba Arabic: الحركة الشعبية لتحرير السودان Al-Haraket Al-Sha'ebiyet Li-Tahrir Al-Sudan) is a political party in South Sudan.
The Sudan Tribune is an electronic news portal on Sudan and South Sudan and neighbouring countries including news coverage, analyses and commentary, official reports and press releases from various organizations, and maps.
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The Sudanese Air Force (القوّات الجوّيّة السودانيّة Al Quwwat al-Jawwiya As-Sudaniya) is the air force operated by the Republic of the Sudan.
Sudanese Arabs are the Arabic-speaking majority population of Sudan.
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The Sudanese Armed Forces (SAF) are the armed forces of the Republic of Sudan.
The dinar was also the currency of Sudan between 1992 and 2007.
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General elections were held in Sudan to elect a President and National Assembly between 2 and 17 March 1996.
General elections were held in Sudan between 13 and 23 December 2000 to elect a President and National Assembly.
General elections were held in Sudan between 11 and 15 April 2010, extended from the original end date of 13 April.
Sunni Islam is a denomination of Islam which holds that the Islamic prophet Muhammad's proper successor as Caliph was his father-in-law Abu Bakr.
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Sylvia Helena de Figueiredo Steiner (born 1953) is a Brazilian judge who has been a member of the International Criminal Court since 2003.
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The Australian is a broadsheet newspaper published in Australia from Monday to Saturday each week since 14 July 1964.
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The Economist is an English-language weekly newspaper owned by the Economist Group and edited in offices in London.
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The Globe and Mail is a nationally distributed Canadian newspaper owned by The Woodbridge Company, based in Toronto and printed in six cities across the country.
The Guardian is a British national daily newspaper.
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The Nation is an English-language daily newspaper based in Lahore, Pakistan since 1986.
The New York Times (NYT) is an American daily newspaper, founded and continuously published in New York City since September 18, 1851, by the New York Times Company.
The Scotsman is a Scottish compact newspaper published from Edinburgh.
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The Times is a British daily national newspaper based in London.
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The Washington Post is an American daily newspaper.
In common usage, theft is the taking of another person's property without that person's permission or consent with the intent to deprive the rightful owner of it.
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Timothy Michael Carney (born July 12, 1944) is a retired American diplomat and consultant.
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is a conference held every five years in Tokyo, Japan, with the objective "to promote high-level policy dialogue between African leaders and development partners." Japan is a co-host of these conferences.
Uhuru Park is a 12.9 hectare recreational park adjacent to the central business district of Nairobi, Kenya.
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Umaru Musa Yar'Adua (16 August 19515 May 2010) was the President of Nigeria and the 13th Head of State.
The United Nations Security Council (UNSC) is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations and is charged with the maintenance of international peace and security as well as accepting new members to the United Nations and approving any changes to its United Nations Charter.
United Nations Security Council Resolution 1593, adopted on 31 March 2005, after receiving a report by the International Commission of Inquiry on Darfur, the Council referred the situation in the Darfur region of Sudan to the International Criminal Court (ICC) and required all states to co-operate fully.
United Nations Security Council Resolution 1706, adopted on August 31, 2006, after recalling previous resolutions on the situation in Sudan, including resolutions 1556 (2004), 1564 (2005), 1574 (2004), 1590 (2004), 1591 (2005), 1593 (2004), 1663 (2006), 1665 (2006) and 1679 (2006), the Council expanded the mandate of the United Nations Mission in the Sudan (UNMIS) to include deployments in Darfur to enforce the Darfur Peace Agreement.
The United Nations–African Union Mission in Darfur (UNAMID) is a joint African Union and United Nations peacekeeping mission formally approved by United Nations Security Council Resolution 1769 on July 31, 2007, to bring stability to the war-torn Darfur region of Sudan while peace talks on a final settlement continue.
The United States Department of State (DoS), often referred to as the State Department, is the United States federal executive department responsible for international relations of the United States, equivalent to the foreign ministry of other countries.
The United States Institute of Peace (USIP) is an American non-partisan, independent, federal institution that provides analysis of and is involved in conflicts around the world.
The Uppsala Conflict Data Program (UCDP) is a data collection project on organized violence housed at Uppsala University in Sweden.
Vanity Fair is a magazine of popular culture, fashion, and current affairs published by Condé Nast.
The Voice of America (VOA) is the official external broadcast institution of the United States federal government.
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A war crime is a serious violation of the laws and customs of war (also known as international humanitarian law) giving rise to individual criminal responsibility.
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The War in Darfur is a major armed conflict in the Darfur region of Sudan, that began in February 2003 when the Sudan Liberation Movement (SLM) and Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) rebel groups began fighting the government of Sudan, which they accused of oppressing Darfur's non-Arab population.
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WikiLeaks is an international, non-profit, journalistic organisation, that publishes secret information, news leaks, and classified media from anonymous sources.
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The Yom Kippur War, Ramadan War, or October War (or حرب تشرين; or מלחמת יום כיפור), also known as the 1973 Arab–Israeli War, was a war fought by the coalition of Arab states led by Egypt and Syria against Israel from October 6 to 25, 1973.
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Yoweri Kaguta Museveni (born 15 September c. 1944) is a Ugandan politician who has been President of Uganda since 29 January 1986.
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The Zaghawa (also spelled Zakhawa) are an ethnic group of eastern Chad and western Sudan, including Darfur.
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Major General Zubair Mohamed Salih (1944 – 12 February 1998) was a Sudanese soldier and politician.
The 9/11 Commission Report, formally named Final Report of the National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States, is the official report of the events leading up to the September 11, 2001 attacks.
Al bashir, Al-Bashir, Al-bashir, Bashir, Omar Hassan Ahmad al-, Brig. Umar Hasan Ahmad al-Bashir, Brig. Umar Hasan al-Bashir, Brig. Umar al-Bashir, Brigadier Omar Hassan Ahman al-Bashir, Brigadier Omar Hassan al-Bashir, Brigadier Omer Al-Bashir, Brigadier Omer Hassan Ahmed Al-Bashir, Brigadier Omer Hassan Ahmed al-Bashir, Brigadier Omer Hassan Al-Bashir, Brigadier Omer Hassan al-Bashir, Brigadier Omer al-Bashir, Gen. Omer al Bashir, Lt Gen Omar Hassan al-Bashir, Lt-Gen Umar Hasan Ahmad al-Bashir, Lt-Gen Umar Hasan al-Bashir, Lt-Gen Umar al-Bashir, Lt. Gen Omar El-Bashier, Lt. Gen Omar Hassan Ahmad El-Bashier, Lt. Gen Omar Hassan El-Bashier, Omar Al-Bachir, Omar Al-Basheer, Omar Al-Bashir, Omar AlBashir, Omar El-Bashier, Omar Hasan Ahmad Al Bashir, Omar Hasan Ahmad Al-Bashir, Omar Hasan Ahmad al-Bashir, Omar Hassan Ahmad Al Bashir, Omar Hassan Ahmad El-Bashier, Omar Hassan Ahmad al- Bashir, Omar Hassan Ahmad al-Bashir, Omar Hassan Ahmad el-Bechir, Omar Hassan Ahmad el-Béchir, Omar Hassan Ahmed Al Bashir, Omar Hassan Ahmed Al-Bashir, Omar Hassan Ahmed AlBashir, Omar Hassan Ahmed Bashir, Omar Hassan Al-Basheer, Omar Hassan AlBashir, Omar Hassan El-Bashier, Omar Hassan al-Bachir, Omar Hassan al-Bashi, Omar Hassan al-Bashir, Omar Hassan el-Bechir, Omar Hassan el-Béchir, Omar Hassen al Bachir, Omar al Baschir, Omar al Bashir, Omar al basheer, Omar al bashir, Omar al-Bachir, Omar al-Bashi, Omar al-Bechir, Omar al-Beshir, Omar al-Béchir, Omar el Baschir, Omar el Bashir, Omar el Bechir, Omar el Beshir, Omar el-Bashir, Omar el-Bechir, Omar el-Béchir, Omer Al-Bashir, Omer Bashir, Omer El-Bashir, Omer Hassan Ahmed Al-Bashir, Omer Hassan Ahmed El-Bashir, Omer Hassan Ahmed al-Bashir, Omer Hassan Al-Bashir, Omer Hassan El-Bashir, Omer Hassan al-Bashir, Omer al Bashir, Omer al-Bashir, Omer el-Bashir, Umar Bashir, Umar Hasan Ahmad al-Bashir, Umar Hasan al-Bashir, Umar Hassan Ahmad al Bashir, Umar Hassan Ahmad al-Bashir, Umar Hassan al-Bashir, Umar al-Bashir, عمر حسن أحمد البشير.