157 relations: Alternative terms for free software, Android (operating system), Apache HTTP Server, Apache License, Apache Software Foundation, Apache Subversion, Backdoor (computing), Bitbucket, Borland, Boston, Brian Behlendorf, Bruce Perens, BSD licenses, Bug tracking system, Bugzilla, Chris DiBona, Christine Peterson, Chromium (web browser), Common Public Attribution License, Concurrent Versions System, Content management system, Continuous integration, Copyleft, Copyright, Debian, Debian Free Software Guidelines, Defective by Design, Digital rights management, Donald Knuth, Drupal, Duke University, Eazel, Eclipse (software), Eclipse Foundation, Eclipse Public License, English language, Eric Allman, Eric S. Raymond, Extreme programming, Firebird (database server), Firefox, Foresight Institute, François Letellier, Free and open-source software, Free software, Free Software Foundation, Free software license, Free Software Magazine, Free software movement, French Institute for Research in Computer Science and Automation, ..., Gabriella Coleman, GFS2, Git, GitHub, GNU, GNU General Public License, GNU Lesser General Public License, GNU Project, Google Chrome, Guido van Rossum, Harvard Business Review, InfoWorld, Instruction set architecture, InterBase, International Space Station, Internet, Internet Relay Chat, James L. Barksdale, Jamie Zawinski, John Gilmore (activist), John Ousterhout, Journal of Medical Internet Research, Karl Fogel, KompoZer, Larry Wall, Launchpad (website), LibreOffice, License proliferation, Linus Torvalds, Linus's Law, Linux, Linux Foundation, Linux kernel, List of free and open-source software packages, Mailing list, Malware, MaxDB, Michael Tiemann, Microsoft, Mil-OSS, MIT License, Mozilla, Mozilla Foundation, Mozilla Public License, Mozilla Thunderbird, MySQL AB, Netscape, Netscape Communicator, Netscape Navigator, Novell, O'Reilly Media, Open access, Open collaboration, Open content, Open Source Ecology, Open Source for America, Open Source Initiative, Open Source Software Institute, Open-source hardware, Open-source license, Open-source model, Open-source software advocacy, Open-source software development, Open-source software movement, Open-source software security, Open-source video game, OpenOffice.org, OsCommerce, OW2 Consortium, Palo Alto, California, Paul Vixie, PDF, Phil Zimmermann, Press release, Productivity software, Proprietary software, Redmine, Richard Stallman, Sameer Parekh, Scilab, SeaMonkey, Service mark, Shared source, Software, Source code, Standish Group, StarOffice, Subset, SugarCRM, Technical University of Berlin, TeX, The Cathedral and the Bazaar, The Free Software Definition, The Open Source Definition, Thomas Scoville, Tim O'Reilly, Time & Society, Timeline of open-source software, Trademark, United Nations University International Institute for Software Technology, United Space Alliance, United States Department of Homeland Security, Unix-like, Version control, Web browser, Wikipedia, ZDNet. Expand index (107 more) » « Shrink index
Alternative terms for free software, such as open source, FOSS, and FLOSS, have been a controversial issue among free and open-source software users from the late 1990s onwards.
Android is a mobile operating system developed by Google, based on a modified version of the Linux kernel and other open source software and designed primarily for touchscreen mobile devices such as smartphones and tablets.
The Apache HTTP Server, colloquially called Apache, is a free and open-source cross-platform web server, released under the terms of Apache License 2.0.
The Apache License is a permissive free software license written by the Apache Software Foundation (ASF).
The Apache Software Foundation (ASF) is an American non-profit corporation (classified as 501(c)(3) in the United States) to support Apache software projects, including the Apache HTTP Server.
Apache Subversion (often abbreviated SVN, after its command name svn) is a software versioning and revision control system distributed as open source under the Apache License.
A backdoor is a method, often secret, of bypassing normal authentication or encryption in a computer system, a product, or an embedded device (e.g. a home router), or its embodiment, e.g. as part of a cryptosystem, an algorithm, a chipset, or a "homunculus computer" (such as that as found in Intel's AMT technology).
Bitbucket is a web-based version control repository hosting service owned by Atlassian, for source code and development projects that use either Mercurial (since launch) or Git (since October 2011) revision control systems.
Borland Software Corporation is a software company that facilitates software deployment projects.
Boston is the capital city and most populous municipality of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in the United States.
Brian Behlendorf (born March 30, 1973) is a technologist, executive, computer programmer and leading figure in the open-source software movement.
Bruce Perens (born Oct 24, 1957) is an American computer programmer and advocate in the free software movement.
BSD licenses are a family of permissive free software licenses, imposing minimal restrictions on the use and redistribution of covered software.
A bug tracking system or defect tracking system is a software application that keeps track of reported software bugs in software development projects.
Bugzilla is a web-based general-purpose bugtracker and testing tool originally developed and used by the Mozilla project, and licensed under the Mozilla Public License.
Chris DiBona ('cdibona', born October 1971) is the director of open source at Google.
Christine Peterson is an American nanotechnologist, futurist, and the co-founder of Foresight Institute.
Chromium is an open-source Web browser project started by Google, to provide the source code for the proprietary Google Chrome browser.
The Common Public Attribution License ("CPAL") is a free software license approved by the Open Source Initiative in 2007.
The Concurrent Versions System (CVS), also known as the Concurrent Versioning System, is a free client-server revision control system in the field of software development.
A content management system (CMS)Managing Enterprise Content: A Unified Content Strategy.
In software engineering, continuous integration (CI) is the practice of merging all developer working copies to a shared mainline several times a day.
Copyleft (a play on the word copyright) is the practice of offering people the right to freely distribute copies and modified versions of a work with the stipulation that the same rights be preserved in derivative works down the line.
Copyright is a legal right, existing globally in many countries, that basically grants the creator of an original work exclusive rights to determine and decide whether, and under what conditions, this original work may be used by others.
Debian is a Unix-like computer operating system that is composed entirely of free software, and packaged by a group of individuals participating in the Debian Project.
The Debian Free Software Guidelines (DFSG) is a set of guidelines that the Debian Project uses to determine whether a software license is a free software license, which in turn is used to determine whether a piece of software can be included in Debian.
Defective by Design is an anti-DRM initiative by the Free Software Foundation.
Digital rights management (DRM) is a set of access control technologies for restricting the use of proprietary hardware and copyrighted works.
Donald Ervin Knuth (born January 10, 1938) is an American computer scientist, mathematician, and professor emeritus at Stanford University.
Drupal is a free and open source content-management framework written in PHP and distributed under the GNU General Public License.
Duke University is a private, non-profit, research university located in Durham, North Carolina.
Eazel was a software company operating from 1999 to 2001 and based in Mountain View, California.
Eclipse is an integrated development environment (IDE) used in computer programming, and is the most widely used Java IDE.
The Eclipse Foundation is a 501(c)(6) not-for-profit, member supported corporation that acts as the steward of Eclipse, an open source community working to build a development platform consisting of the frameworks, tools and run-times needed for "building, deploying and managing software across the lifecycle." The most well-known of the Eclipse projects is the Eclipse platform, a multi-language software development environment and IDE.
The Eclipse Public License (EPL) is an open source software license used by the Eclipse Foundation for its software.
English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.
Eric Paul Allman (born September 2, 1955) is an American computer programmer who developed sendmail and its precursor delivermail in the late 1970s and early 1980s at UC Berkeley.
Eric Steven Raymond (born December 4, 1957), often referred to as ESR, is an American software developer, author of the widely cited 1997 essay and 1999 book The Cathedral and the Bazaar and other works, and open-source software advocate.
Extreme programming (XP) is a software development methodology which is intended to improve software quality and responsiveness to changing customer requirements.
Firebird is an open source SQL relational database management system that "runs on Linux, Microsoft Windows, and several Unix platforms".
Mozilla Firefox (or simply Firefox) is a free and open-source web browser developed by Mozilla Foundation and its subsidiary, Mozilla Corporation.
The Foresight Institute is a Palo Alto, California-based research non-profit dedicated to promoting the development of nanotechnology (and other emerging technologies).
François Letellier (aka FLet), born 1968, is a French proponent of free/open source software as a major means of innovation in the software industry.
Free and open-source software (FOSS) is software that can be classified as both free software and open-source software.
Free software or libre software is computer software distributed under terms that allow users to run the software for any purpose as well as to study, change, and distribute it and any adapted versions.
The Free Software Foundation (FSF) is a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization founded by Richard Stallman on 4 October 1985 to support the free software movement, which promotes the universal freedom to study, distribute, create, and modify computer software, with the organization's preference for software being distributed under copyleft ("share alike") terms, such as with its own GNU General Public License.
A free software license is a notice that grants the recipient of a piece of software extensive rights to modify and redistribute that software.
Free Software Magazine (also known as FSM and originally titled The Open Voice) is a website which produces a (generally bi-monthly) mostly free-content e-zine about free software.
The free software movement (FSM) or free / open source software movement (FOSSM) or free / libre open source software (FLOSS) is a social movement with the goal of obtaining and guaranteeing certain freedoms for software users, namely the freedom to run the software, to study and change the software, and to redistribute copies with or without changes.
The French Institute for Research in Computer Science and Automation (Institut national de recherche en informatique et en automatique) is a French national research institution focusing on computer science and applied mathematics.
Enid Gabriella Coleman (usually known as Gabriella Coleman or Biella; born 1973) is an anthropologist, academic and author whose work focuses on hacker culture and online activism, particularly Anonymous.
In computing, the Global File System 2 or GFS2 is a shared-disk file system for Linux computer clusters.
Git is a version control system for tracking changes in computer files and coordinating work on those files among multiple people.
GitHub Inc. is a web-based hosting service for version control using Git.
GNU is an operating system and an extensive collection of computer software.
The GNU General Public License (GNU GPL or GPL) is a widely used free software license, which guarantees end users the freedom to run, study, share and modify the software.
The GNU Lesser General Public License (LGPL) is a free software license published by the Free Software Foundation (FSF).
The GNU Project is a free-software, mass-collaboration project, first announced on September 27, 1983 by Richard Stallman at MIT.
Google Chrome is a freeware web browser developed by Google LLC.
Guido van Rossum (born 31 January 1956) is a Dutch programmer best known as the author of the Python programming language, for which he is the "Benevolent Dictator For Life" (BDFL), which means he continues to oversee Python development, making decisions when necessary.
Harvard Business Review (HBR) is a general management magazine published by Harvard Business Publishing, a wholly owned subsidiary of Harvard University.
InfoWorld (formerly The Intelligent Machines Journal) is an information technology media business.
An instruction set architecture (ISA) is an abstract model of a computer.
InterBase is a relational database management system (RDBMS) currently developed and marketed by Embarcadero Technologies.
The International Space Station (ISS) is a space station, or a habitable artificial satellite, in low Earth orbit.
The Internet is the global system of interconnected computer networks that use the Internet protocol suite (TCP/IP) to link devices worldwide.
Internet Relay Chat (IRC) is an application layer protocol that facilitates communication in the form of text.
James Love Barksdale (born January 24, 1943) is an American executive who served as the president and CEO of Netscape Communications Corporation from January 1995 until the company merged with AOL in March 1999.
James Werner Zawinski (born November 3, 1968), commonly known as jwz, is an American computer programmer with contributions to the free software projects Mozilla and XEmacs, and early versions of the Netscape Navigator web browser.
John Gilmore (born 1955) is one of the founders of the Electronic Frontier Foundation, the Cypherpunks mailing list, and Cygnus Solutions.
John Kenneth Ousterhout (born October 15, 1954) is the chairman of Electric Cloud, Inc. and a professor of computer science at Stanford University.
The Journal of Medical Internet Research is a peer-reviewed open-access medical journal established in 1999 covering eHealth and "healthcare in the Internet age".
Karl Fogel is an author, software developer, Executive Director of copyright activist non-profit Question Copyright, and former board member of the Open Source Initiative where he served as the Board Treasurer.
KompoZer is an open source WYSIWYG HTML editor based on the now-discontinued Nvu editor.
Larry Wall (born September 27, 1954) is a computer programmer and author.
Launchpad is a web application and website that allows users to develop and maintain software, particularly open-source software.
LibreOffice is a free and open source office suite, a project of The Document Foundation.
License proliferation is the phenomenon of an abundance of already existing and the continued creation of new software licenses for software and software packages in the FOSS ecosystem.
Linus Benedict Torvalds (born December 28, 1969) is a Finnish-American software engineer who is the creator, and historically, the principal developer of the Linux kernel, which became the kernel for operating systems such as the Linux operating systems, Android, and Chrome OS.
Linus's Law is a claim about software development, named in honor of Linus Torvalds and formulated by Eric S. Raymond in his essay and book The Cathedral and the Bazaar (1999).
Linux is a family of free and open-source software operating systems built around the Linux kernel.
The Linux Foundation (LF) is dedicated to building sustainable ecosystems around open source projects to accelerate technology development and commercial adoption.
The Linux kernel is an open-source monolithic Unix-like computer operating system kernel.
This is a list of free and open-source software packages, computer software licensed under free software licenses and open-source licenses.
A mailing list is a collection of names and addresses used by an individual or an organization to send material to multiple recipients.
Malware (a portmanteau for malicious software) is any software intentionally designed to cause damage to a computer, server or computer network.
MaxDB is an ANSI SQL-92 (entry level) compliant relational database management system (RDBMS) from SAP AG, which was also delivered by MySQL AB from 2003 to 2007.
Michael Tiemann is vice president of open source affairs at Red Hat, Inc., and former President of the Open Source Initiative.
Microsoft Corporation (abbreviated as MS) is an American multinational technology company with headquarters in Redmond, Washington.
Mil-OSS, also known as the Military Open Source Software Working Group, is a group that promotes the use and creation of open-source software in the United States Department of Defense.
The MIT License is a permissive free software license originating at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).
Mozilla (stylized as moz://a) is a free software community founded in 1998 by members of Netscape.
The Mozilla Foundation (stylized as moz://a) is a non-profit organization that exists to support and collectively lead the open source Mozilla project.
The Mozilla Public License (MPL) is a free and open source software license developed and maintained by the Mozilla Foundation.
Mozilla Thunderbird is a free and open-source cross-platform email client, news client, RSS and chat client developed by the Mozilla Foundation.
MySQL AB was a Swedish software company founded in 1995.
Netscape is a brand name associated with the development of the Netscape web browser.
Netscape Communicator (or Netscape 4) is a discontinued Internet suite produced by Netscape Communications Corporation, and was the fourth major release in the Netscape line of browsers.
Netscape Navigator was a proprietary web browser, and the original browser of the Netscape line, from versions 1 to 4.08, and 9.x. It was the flagship product of the Netscape Communications Corp and was the dominant web browser in terms of usage share in the 1990s, but by 2002 its use had almost disappeared.
Novell, Inc. was a software and services company headquartered in Provo, Utah.
O'Reilly Media (formerly O'Reilly & Associates) is an American media company established by Tim O'Reilly that publishes books and Web sites and produces conferences on computer technology topics.
Open access (OA) refers to research outputs which are distributed online and free of cost or other barriers, and possibly with the addition of a Creative Commons license to promote reuse.
Open collaboration is "any system of innovation or production that relies on goal-oriented yet loosely coordinated participants who interact to create a product (or service) of economic value, which they make available to contributors and noncontributors alike." Levine, Sheen S., & Prietula, M. J. (2013).
Open content is a neologism coined by David Wiley in 1998 which describes a creative work that others can copy or modify freely, without asking for permission.
Open Source Ecology (OSE) is a network of farmers, engineers, architects and supporters, whose main goal is the eventual manufacturing of the Global Village Construction Set (GVCS).
Open Source for America consortium of various organizations established to advocate for and support the use of free and open-source software in the U.S. Federal government.
The Open Source Initiative (OSI) is a non-profit organization dedicated to promoting open-source software.
The Open Source Software Institute is a U.S.-based 501(c)(6), non-profit organization whose mission is to promote the development and implementation of open-source software solutions within US Federal, state and municipal government agencies.
Open-source hardware (OSH) consists of physical artifacts of technology designed and offered by the open design movement.
An open-source license is a type of license for computer software and other products that allows the source code, blueprint or design to be used, modified and/or shared under defined terms and conditions.
The open-source model is a decentralized software-development model that encourages open collaboration.
Open-source software advocacy is the practice of attempting to increase the awareness and improve the perception of open-source software.
Open-source software development is the process by which open-source software, or similar software whose source code is publicly available, is developed.
The open-source software movement is a movement that supports the use of open-source licenses for some or all software, a part of the broader notion of open collaboration.
Open-source security is the measure of assurance or guarantee in the freedom from danger and risk inherent to an open-source software system.
An open-source video game, or simply an open-source game, is a video game whose source code is open-source.
OpenOffice.org (OOo), commonly known as OpenOffice, is a discontinued open-source office suite.
OsCommerce (styled "osCommerce" - "open source Commerce") is an e-commerce and online store-management software program.
OW2 is an independent non-profit organization dedicated to developing open source code infrastructure for enterprise information systems.
Palo Alto is a charter city located in the northwest corner of Santa Clara County, California, in the San Francisco Bay Area of the United States.
Paul Vixie is an American computer scientist whose technical contributions include Domain Name System (DNS) protocol design and procedure, mechanisms to achieve operational robustness of DNS implementations, and significant contributions to open source software principles and methodology.
The Portable Document Format (PDF) is a file format developed in the 1990s to present documents, including text formatting and images, in a manner independent of application software, hardware, and operating systems.
Philip R. "Phil" Zimmermann, Jr. (born February 12, 1954) is the creator of Pretty Good Privacy (PGP), the most widely used email encryption software in the world.
A press release, news release, media release, press statement or video release is a written or recorded communication directed at members of the news media for the purpose of announcing something ostensibly newsworthy.
Productivity software (sometimes called personal productivity software or office productivity software) is application software dedicated to producing information, such as documents, presentations, worksheets, databases, charts, graphs, digital paintings, electronic music and digital video.
Proprietary software is non-free computer software for which the software's publisher or another person retains intellectual property rights—usually copyright of the source code, but sometimes patent rights.
Redmine is a free and open source, web-based project management and issue tracking tool.
Richard Matthew Stallman (born March 16, 1953), often known by his initials, rms—is an American free software movement activist and programmer.
Sameer Parekh is the founder of C2Net Software, Inc.
Scilab is a free and open-source, cross-platform numerical computational package and a high-level, numerically oriented programming language.
SeaMonkey is a free and open-source Internet suite.
A service mark or servicemark is a trademark used in the United States and several other countries to identify a service rather than a product.
A shared source or source available software source code distribution model includes arrangements where the source can be viewed, and in some cases modified, but without necessarily meeting the criteria to be called open source.
Computer software, or simply software, is a generic term that refers to a collection of data or computer instructions that tell the computer how to work, in contrast to the physical hardware from which the system is built, that actually performs the work.
In computing, source code is any collection of code, possibly with comments, written using a human-readable programming language, usually as plain text.
The Standish Group International, Inc. or Standish Group is an independent international IT research advisory firm founded in 1985, known from their reports about information systems implementation projects in the public and private sector.
StarOffice, known briefly as Oracle Open Office before being discontinued in 2011, was a proprietary office suite.
In mathematics, a set A is a subset of a set B, or equivalently B is a superset of A, if A is "contained" inside B, that is, all elements of A are also elements of B. A and B may coincide.
SugarCRM is a software company based in Cupertino, California.
The Technical University of Berlin (official name Technische Universität Berlin, known as TU Berlin) is a research university located in Berlin, Germany.
TeX (see below), stylized within the system as TeX, is a typesetting system (or "formatting system") designed and mostly written by Donald Knuth and released in 1978.
The Cathedral and the Bazaar: Musings on Linux and Open Source by an Accidental Revolutionary (abbreviated CatB) is an essay, and later a book, by Eric S. Raymond on software engineering methods, based on his observations of the Linux kernel development process and his experiences managing an open source project, fetchmail.
The Free Software Definition written by Richard Stallman and published by Free Software Foundation (FSF), defines free software as being software that ensures that the end users have freedom in using, studying, sharing and modifying that software.
The Open Source Definition is a document published by the Open Source Initiative, to determine whether a software license can be labeled with the open-source certification mark.
Thomas Scoville (b. California 1960).
Tim O'Reilly (born 6 June 1954) is the founder of O'Reilly Media (formerly O'Reilly & Associates).
Time & Society is a peer-reviewed academic journal that publishes papers in the field of sociology.
This article presents a timeline of events related to popular free/open-source software.
A trademark, trade mark, or trade-markThe styling of trademark as a single word is predominantly used in the United States and Philippines only, while the two-word styling trade mark is used in many other countries around the world, including the European Union and Commonwealth and ex-Commonwealth jurisdictions (although Canada officially uses "trade-mark" pursuant to the Trade-mark Act, "trade mark" and "trademark" are also commonly used).
The United Nations University International Institute for Software Technology (UNU-IIST;; Portuguese: Instituto Internacional para Tecnologia de Programação da Universidade das Nações Unidas) was a United Nations University Research Training Centre based in Macau, China.
United Space Alliance (USA) is a spaceflight operations company.
The United States Department of Homeland Security (DHS) is a cabinet department of the United States federal government with responsibilities in public security, roughly comparable to the interior or home ministries of other countries.
A Unix-like (sometimes referred to as UN*X or *nix) operating system is one that behaves in a manner similar to a Unix system, while not necessarily conforming to or being certified to any version of the Single UNIX Specification.
A component of software configuration management, version control, also known as revision control or source control, is the management of changes to documents, computer programs, large web sites, and other collections of information.
A web browser (commonly referred to as a browser) is a software application for accessing information on the World Wide Web.
Wikipedia is a multilingual, web-based, free encyclopedia that is based on a model of openly editable content.
ZDNet is a business technology news website published by CBS Interactive, along with TechRepublic.
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