Aerial photography (or airborne imagery) is the taking of photographs from an aircraft or other flying object.
is a city in Fukushima Prefecture, Japan.
Amsterdam is the capital and most populous municipality of the Netherlands.
Android is a mobile operating system developed by Google, based on a modified version of the Linux kernel and other open source software and designed primarily for touchscreen mobile devices such as smartphones and tablets.
The Apache HTTP Server, colloquially called Apache, is a free and open-source cross-platform web server, released under the terms of Apache License 2.0.
Apple Inc. is an American multinational technology company headquartered in Cupertino, California, that designs, develops, and sells consumer electronics, computer software, and online services.
AND Automotive Navigation Data (AND) is one of the few companies in the world supplying digital map data for GPS-based applications.
Baghdad (بغداد) is the capital of Iraq.
BBC Online, formerly known as BBCi, is the BBC's online service.
A bicycle, also called a cycle or bike, is a human-powered, pedal-driven, single-track vehicle, having two wheels attached to a frame, one behind the other.
Bing is a web search engine owned and operated by Microsoft.
Birmingham is a city and metropolitan borough in the West Midlands, England, with an estimated population of 1,101,360, making it the second most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.
A board game is a tabletop game that involves counters or moved or placed on a pre-marked surface or "board", according to a set of rules.
Brussels (Bruxelles,; Brussel), officially the Brussels-Capital Region (All text and all but one graphic show the English name as Brussels-Capital Region.) (Région de Bruxelles-Capitale, Brussels Hoofdstedelijk Gewest), is a region of Belgium comprising 19 municipalities, including the City of Brussels, which is the de jure capital of Belgium.
Buenos Aires is the capital and most populous city of Argentina.
A car (or automobile) is a wheeled motor vehicle used for transportation.
Collaborative mapping is the aggregation of Web mapping and user-generated content, from a group of individuals or entities, and can take several distinct forms.
A work of the United States government, as defined by the United States copyright law, is "a work prepared by an officer or employee" of the federal government "as part of that person's official duties." "A 'work of the United States Government' is a work prepared by an officer or employee of the United States Government as part of that person’s official duties." In general, under section 105 of the Copyright Act, such works are not entitled to domestic copyright protection under U.S. law and are therefore in the public domain.
Counter-mapping refers to efforts to map "against dominant power structures, to further seemingly progressive goals".
Craigslist (stylized as craigslist) is an American classified advertisements website with sections devoted to jobs, housing, for sale, items wanted, services, community, gigs, résumés, and discussion forums.
Creative Commons (CC) is an American non-profit organization devoted to expanding the range of creative works available for others to build upon legally and to share.
A Creative Commons (CC) license is one of several public copyright licenses that enable the free distribution of an otherwise copyrighted work.
Crowdsourcing is a sourcing model in which individuals or organizations obtain goods and services.
Crown copyright is a form of copyright claim used by the governments of a number of Commonwealth realms.
Cycling infrastructure refers to all infrastructure which may be used by cyclists.
DBpedia (from "DB" for "database") is a project aiming to extract structured content from the information created in the Wikipedia project.
Debian is a Unix-like computer operating system that is composed entirely of free software, and packaged by a group of individuals participating in the Debian Project.
The Democratic Republic of the Congo (République démocratique du Congo), also known as DR Congo, the DRC, Congo-Kinshasa or simply the Congo, is a country located in Central Africa.
Denver, officially the City and County of Denver, is the capital and most populous municipality of the U.S. state of Colorado.
Dublin is the capital of and largest city in Ireland.
Esri (a.k.a. Environmental Systems Research Institute) is an international supplier of geographic information system (GIS) software, web GIS and geodatabase management applications.
Flickr (pronounced "flicker") is an image hosting service and video hosting service.
Forbes is an American business magazine.
Foursquare is a local search-and-discovery service mobile app which provides search results for its users.
Free content, libre content, or free information, is any kind of functional work, work of art, or other creative content that meets the definition of a free cultural work.
Free software or libre software is computer software distributed under terms that allow users to run the software for any purpose as well as to study, change, and distribute it and any adapted versions.
GeoBase is a federal, provincial and territorial government initiative that is overseen by the Canadian Council on Geomatics (CCOG).
Geocaching is an outdoor recreational activity, in which participants use a Global Positioning System (GPS) receiver or mobile device and other navigational techniques to hide and seek containers, called "geocaches" or "caches", at specific locations marked by coordinates all over the world.
Geographic data and information are defined in the ISO/TC 211 series of standards as data and information having an implicit or explicit association with a location relative to the Earth.
A geographic information system (GIS) is a system designed to capture, store, manipulate, analyze, manage, and present spatial or geographic data.
Geolocation is the identification or estimation of the real-world geographic location of an object, such as a radar source, mobile phone, or Internet-connected computer terminal.
GeoSPARQL is a standard for representation and querying of geospatial linked data for the Semantic Web from the Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC).
Geotab Inc. is a privately held company that specializes in the area of global positioning system (GPS) fleet management and vehicle tracking, otherwise known as the telematics industry.
Girona (Gerona; Gérone) is a city in Catalonia, Spain, at the confluence of the rivers Ter, Onyar, Galligants, and Güell and has an official population of 99,013 as of January 2017.
The Global Positioning System (GPS), originally Navstar GPS, is a satellite-based radionavigation system owned by the United States government and operated by the United States Air Force.
GNOME is a desktop environment composed of free and open-source software that runs on Linux and most BSD derivatives.
GNOME Core Applications is a collection of approximately 30 applications that are packaged as part of the standard free and open-source GNOME desktop environment.
Google LLC is an American multinational technology company that specializes in Internet-related services and products, which include online advertising technologies, search engine, cloud computing, software, and hardware.
Google Map Maker was a mapping and map editing service launched by Google in June 2008.
Google Maps is a web mapping service developed by Google.
In mathematics, and more specifically in graph theory, a graph is a structure amounting to a set of objects in which some pairs of the objects are in some sense "related".
GraphHopper is an open source routing library and server written in Java and provides a web interface called GraphHopper Maps.
Greater Los Angeles is the second-largest urban region in the United States, encompassing five counties in southern California, extending from Ventura County in the west to San Bernardino County and Riverside County on the east, with Los Angeles County in the center and Orange County to the southeast.
Ground truth is a term used in various fields to refer to information provided by direct observation (i.e. empirical evidence) as opposed to information provided by inference.
GTK+ (formerly GIMP Toolkit) is a cross-platform widget toolkit for creating graphical user interfaces.
Hasbro, Inc. (an abbreviation of its original name, Hassenfeld Brothers) is an American multinational toy and board game company, It is the largest toy maker in the world in terms of stock market value, and third largest with revenues of approximately $5.12 billion.
HERE Technologies is a company that provides mapping and location data and related services to individuals and companies.
HTML5 is a markup language used for structuring and presenting content on the World Wide Web.
The Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) is an application protocol for distributed, collaborative, and hypermedia information systems.
India (IAST), also called the Republic of India (IAST), is a country in South Asia.
Ingress is a location-based, augmented-reality mobile game developed by Niantic.
The International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement is an international humanitarian movement with approximately 17 million volunteers, members and staff worldwide which was founded to protect human life and health, to ensure respect for all human beings, and to prevent and alleviate human suffering.
iOS (formerly iPhone OS) is a mobile operating system created and developed by Apple Inc. exclusively for its hardware.
JMP (pronounced "jump") is a suite of computer programs for statistical analysis developed by the JMP business unit of SAS Institute.
The John S. and James L. Knight Foundation is an American non-profit foundation dedicated to fostering "informed and engaged communities" which the foundation believes are "essential for a healthy democracy." The foundation "supports ideas that promote quality journalism, advance media innovation, engage communities and foster the arts." The John S. and James L. Knight Foundation began as the Knight Memorial Education Fund in 1940.
JOSM (Java OpenStreetMap Editor) is a free software desktop editing tool for OpenStreetMap geodata created in Java, originally developed by Immanuel Scholz and currently maintained by Dirk Stöcker.
Kabul (کابل) is the capital of Afghanistan and its largest city, located in the eastern section of the country.
Karta GPS is a mobile application developed by Karta Software Technologies Lda a daughter company of NDrive for the Android and iOS operating systems.
KDE is an international free software community that develops Free and Open Source based software.
Landsat 7 is the seventh satellite of the Landsat program.
In geography, latitude is a geographic coordinate that specifies the north–south position of a point on the Earth's surface.
Leipzig University (Universität Leipzig), in Leipzig in the Free State of Saxony, Germany, is one of the world's oldest universities and the second-oldest university (by consecutive years of existence) in Germany.
Limerick (Luimneach) is a city in County Limerick, Ireland.
Copyright is the right to copy and publish a particular work.
A locator map, sometimes referred to simply as a locator, is typically a simple map used in cartography to show the location of a particular geographic area within its larger and presumably more familiar context.
Longitude, is a geographic coordinate that specifies the east-west position of a point on the Earth's surface.
Manchester is a city and metropolitan borough in Greater Manchester, England, with a population of 530,300.
A map is a symbolic depiction emphasizing relationships between elements of some space, such as objects, regions, or themes.
A mapathon is a coordinated mapping event.
Mapbox is a large provider of custom online maps for websites and applications such as Foursquare, Lonely Planet, Evernote, the Financial Times, The Weather Channel and Snapchat.
Mapillary is a service for sharing geotagged photos developed by Mapillary AB, located in Malmö, Sweden.
Mapnik is an open source mapping toolkit for desktop- and server-based map rendering, written in C++.
MapQuest (stylized as mapquest) is an American free online web mapping service owned by Verizon.
Maps.me (styled as 'MAPS.ME') (formerly named MapsWithMe) is a mobile app for Android, iOS and BlackBerry that provides offline maps using OpenStreetMap data.
Mapzen, founded in 2013 and headquartered in New York City, was an open source mapping platform company focused on the core components of geo platforms, including search (geocoding), rendering (vector tiles), navigation/routing, and data.
Marble is a virtual globe application which allows the user to choose among the Earth, the Moon, Venus, Mars and other planets to display as a 3-D model.
A massively multiplayer online game (MMOG, or more commonly, MMO) is an online game with large numbers of players, typically from hundreds to thousands, on the same server.
Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF; pronounced), also known in English as Doctors Without Borders, is an international humanitarian medical non-governmental organisation (NGO) of French origin best known for its projects in conflict zones and in countries affected by endemic diseases.
Metadata is "data that provides information about other data".
Microsoft Corporation (abbreviated as MS) is an American multinational technology company with headquarters in Redmond, Washington.
Milan (Milano; Milan) is a city in northern Italy, capital of Lombardy, and the second-most populous city in Italy after Rome, with the city proper having a population of 1,380,873 while its province-level municipality has a population of 3,235,000.
Monopoly is a board game where players roll two six-sided dice to move around the game board, buying and trading properties, and develop them with houses and hotels.
There have been more than a dozen video game adaptations of Parker Brothers and Hasbro's board game Monopoly.
Moovit is a transit data app was first developed and popularized by an Israeli company of the same name.
Multimap.com was a United Kingdom based provider of mapping and location-based services.
The National Geographic Society (NGS), headquartered in Washington, D.C., United States, is one of the largest non-profit scientific and educational institutions in the world.
The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA; pronounced, like "Noah") is an American scientific agency within the United States Department of Commerce that focuses on the conditions of the oceans, major waterways, and the atmosphere.
The Department of Natural Resources (Ministère des Ressources naturelles), operating under the FIP applied title Natural Resources Canada (NRCan), is the ministry of the government of Canada responsible for natural resources, energy, minerals and metals, forests, earth sciences, mapping and remote sensing.
Nearmap is an Australian aerial imagery technology and location data company that provides frequently-updated, high-resolution aerial imagery of 88% of Australia's population, 68% of the US population, and 72% of the New Zealand population.
Neogeography (literally "new geography") is the use of geographical techniques and tools for personal and community activities or by a non-expert group of users.
The Netherlands (Nederland), often referred to as Holland, is a country located mostly in Western Europe with a population of seventeen million.
Niantic, Inc. is an American software development company based in San Francisco, which is best known for developing the augmented reality mobile games Ingress, Pokémon Go and the upcoming Harry Potter: Wizards Unite.
Nokia is a Finnish multinational telecommunications, information technology, and consumer electronics company, founded in 1865.
The Northern Mali Conflict, Mali Civil War, or Mali War refers to armed conflicts that started from January 2012 between the northern and southern parts of Mali in Africa.
In computer science and information science, an ontology encompasses a representation, formal naming, and definition of the categories, properties, and relations of the concepts, data, and entities that substantiate one, many, or all domains.
Open content is a neologism coined by David Wiley in 1998 which describes a creative work that others can copy or modify freely, without asking for permission.
The Open Database License (ODbL) is a copyleft ("share alike") license agreement intended to allow users to freely share, modify, and use a database while maintaining this same freedom for others.
The Open Source Routing Machine or OSRM is a C++ implementation of a high-performance routing engine for shortest paths in road networks.
OpenStreetMap (OSM) is a collaborative project to create a free editable map of the world.
The OpenStreetMap Foundation is a company limited by guarantee, registered in England and Wales on 22 August 2006.
Ordnance Survey (OS) is a national mapping agency in the United Kingdom which covers the island of Great Britain.
OsmAnd (OpenStreetMap Automated Navigation Directions) is a map and navigation app for Android and iOS.
PC World, stylized PCWorld, is a global computer magazine published monthly by IDG.
A pedestrian is a person travelling on foot, whether walking or running.
A point of interest, or POI, is a specific point location that someone may find useful or interesting.
Pokémon Go is an augmented reality (AR) game developed by Niantic for iOS and Android devices, initially released in select countries in July 2016.
In elementary geometry, a polygon is a plane figure that is bounded by a finite chain of straight line segments closing in a loop to form a closed polygonal chain or circuit.
In geometry, a polygonal chain is a connected series of line segments.
Port-au-Prince (Pòtoprens) is the capital and most populous city of Haiti.
PostGIS is an open source software program that adds support for geographic objects to the PostgreSQL object-relational database.
PostgreSQL, often simply Postgres, is an object-relational database management system (ORDBMS) with an emphasis on extensibility and standards compliance.
Potlatch is a free software editing tool for OpenStreetMap geodata using Adobe Flash.
Protocol Buffers are a method of serializing structured data.
The public domain consists of all the creative works to which no exclusive intellectual property rights apply.
The pun, also called paronomasia, is a form of word play that exploits multiple meanings of a term, or of similar-sounding words, for an intended humorous or rhetorical effect.
The Resource Description Framework (RDF) is a family of World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) specifications originally designed as a metadata data model.
Ruby on Rails, or Rails, is a server-side web application framework written in Ruby under the MIT License.
A satellite navigation or satnav system is a system that uses satellites to provide autonomous geo-spatial positioning.
Senegal (Sénégal), officially the Republic of Senegal, is a country in West Africa.
SHR (formerly Stable Hybrid Release) is a community-driven Linux distribution for smartphones which is based on OpenEmbedded and the framework.
Snapchat is a multimedia messaging app used globally, created by Evan Spiegel, Bobby Murphy, and Reggie Brown, former students at Stanford University, and developed by Snap Inc., originally Snapchat Inc.
State of the art (sometimes cutting edge) refers to the highest level of general development, as of a device, technique, or scientific field achieved at a particular time.
Steve Coast (born 20 December 1980) is a British entrepreneur and the founder of the OpenStreetMap community-based world mapping project and CloudMade, a geography-related company.
Strava is a website and mobile app used to track cycling and running activity via GPS.
Tableau Software is a software company headquartered in Seattle, Washington, United States that produces interactive data visualization products focused on business intelligence.
In information systems, a tag is a keyword or term assigned to a piece of information (such as an Internet bookmark, digital image, database record, or computer file).
TCDD Taşımacılık A.Ş. (TCDD Transportation, reporting mark TCDDT) is a government-owned railway company responsible for the operations of most passenger and freight rail in Turkey.
TechCrunch is an American online publisher of technology industry news founded in 2005 by Archimedes Ventures whose partners were Michael Arrington and Keith Teare.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
A tiled web map, slippy map (in OpenStreetMap terminology) or tile map (raster or vector) is a map displayed in a browser by seamlessly joining dozens of individually requested image files over the internet.
, officially, is one of the 47 prefectures of Japan and has been the capital since 1869.
TomTom NV is a Dutch company that produces traffic, navigation and mapping products.
Topologically Integrated Geographic Encoding and Referencing, or TIGER, or TIGER/Line is a format used by the United States Census Bureau to describe land attributes such as roads, buildings, rivers, and lakes, as well as areas such as census tracts.
In mathematics, topology (from the Greek τόπος, place, and λόγος, study) is concerned with the properties of space that are preserved under continuous deformations, such as stretching, crumpling and bending, but not tearing or gluing.
A trunk road, trunk highway, or strategic road is a major road, usually connecting two or more cities, ports, airports and other places, which is the recommended route for long-distance and freight traffic.
Turn-by-turn Navigation is a feature of some GPS navigation devices where directions for a selected route are continually presented to the user in the form of spoken or visual instructions.
Typhoon Haiyan, known as Super Typhoon Yolanda in the Philippines, was one of the strongest tropical cyclones ever recorded.
Uganda, officially the Republic of Uganda (Jamhuri ya Uganda), is a landlocked country in East Africa.
The United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) is a United Nations (UN) body formed in December 1991 by General Assembly Resolution 46/182.
The United States Agency for International Development (USAID) is an independent agency of the United States federal government that is primarily responsible for administering civilian foreign aid and development assistance.
The United States Census Bureau (USCB; officially the Bureau of the Census, as defined in Title) is a principal agency of the U.S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American people and economy.
The University of Oxford (formally The Chancellor Masters and Scholars of the University of Oxford) is a collegiate research university located in Oxford, England.
was established in 2001 as an operational, technology-intensive programme of the United Nations Institute for Training and Research (UNITAR).
In economics, vendor lock-in, also known as proprietary lock-in or customer lock-in, makes a customer dependent on a vendor for products and services, unable to use another vendor without substantial switching costs.
A virtual community is a social network of individuals who interact through specific social media, potentially crossing geographical and political boundaries in order to pursue mutual interests or goals.
A virtual globe is a three-dimensional (3D) software model or representation of the Earth or another world.
Volunteered geographic information (VGI) is the harnessing of tools to create, assemble, and disseminate geographic data provided voluntarily by individuals (Goodchild, 2007).
A web browser (commonly referred to as a browser) is a software application for accessing information on the World Wide Web.
Well-known text (WKT) is a text markup language for representing vector geometry objects on a map, spatial reference systems of spatial objects and transformations between spatial reference systems.
The West African Ebola virus epidemic (2013–2016) was the most widespread outbreak of Ebola virus disease (EVD) in history—causing major loss of life and socioeconomic disruption in the region, mainly in the countries of Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone.
Wikimapia is a privately owned open-content collaborative mapping project, that utilizes an interactive "clickable" web map with a geographically-referenced wiki system, with the aim to mark and describe all geographical objects in the world.
Wikivoyage is a free web-based travel guide for travel destinations and travel topics written by volunteer authors.
The World Bank (Banque mondiale) is an international financial institution that provides loans to countries of the world for capital projects.
The World Geodetic System (WGS) is a standard for use in cartography, geodesy, and satellite navigation including GPS.
World of the Living Dead (WoTLD): Resurrection was a real-time zombie survival strategy browser game developed using OpenStreetMap to provide the underlying game world, with in-depth gameplay features to make a browser-based massively multiplayer online role-playing game accessible on desktop, tablet and mobile devices.
In computing, Extensible Markup Language (XML) is a markup language that defines a set of rules for encoding documents in a format that is both human-readable and machine-readable.
Yahoo! is a web services provider headquartered in Sunnyvale, California and wholly owned by Verizon Communications through Oath Inc..
Yandex.Map editor is map editing service launched by Yandex in April 2010.
Yüksek Hızlı Tren or YHT (High-Speed Train) is the high-speed rail service of the Turkish State Railways, currently operating on two lines: Ankara to Istanbul via Eskişehir and Ankara to Konya via Polatlı.
The 2010 Haiti earthquake (Séisme de 2010 à Haïti; Tranblemanntè 12 janvye 2010 nan peyi Ayiti) was a catastrophic magnitude 7.0 Mw earthquake, with an epicenter near the town of Léogâne (Ouest), approximately west of Port-au-Prince, Haiti's capital.
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