235 relations: Aachen, Adolf Galland, Adolf Hitler, Advanced Landing Ground, Air marshal, Air supremacy, Allies of World War II, Anti-aircraft warfare, Antwerp, Arnhem, Arthur Coningham (RAF officer), Auster, Avro Anson, Avro Lancaster, Bastogne, Battle of France, Battle of the Bulge, Beauvechain Air Base, Bird strike, Bocholt, Germany, Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress, British Army, Brussels, Canada, Charleroi, Close air support, Cruise missile, De Havilland Mosquito, Deurne, Belgium, Die Wacht am Rhein, Dietrich Peltz, Dive bomber, Doetinchem, Dominion of New Zealand, Douglas C-47 Skytrain, Eighth Air Force, Eindhoven, Eindhoven Airport, Emergency landing, Emil Clade, Fighter aircraft, Fighter pilot, Fighter-bomber, Flammersfeld, Flight (military unit), Flying ace, Focke-Wulf Fw 190, French Air Force, Friendly fire, Günther Specht, ..., Gerhard Michalski, Gerhard Weinberg, German aircraft production during World War II, German Army (Wehrmacht), Geschwaderkommodore, Ghent, Gilze en Rijen, Gilze-Rijen Air Base, Glossary of German military terms, Gotthard Handrick, Grimbergen Airfield, Gruppenkommandeur, Handley Page H.P.54 Harrow, Haren Airport, Hawker Tempest, Hawker Typhoon, Hürtgenwald, Headquarters, Heesch, Netherlands, Heinrich Bär, Herbert Ihlefeld, Hermann Göring, Hoyt Vandenberg, Invasion of Poland, Jagdgeschwader 1 (World War II), Jagdgeschwader 11, Jagdgeschwader 2, Jagdgeschwader 26, Jagdgeschwader 27, Jagdgeschwader 3, Jagdgeschwader 300, Jagdgeschwader 301, Jagdgeschwader 4, Jagdgeschwader 53, Jagdgeschwader 54, Jagdgeschwader 6, Jagdgeschwader 77, Jagdwaffe, Jimmy Doolittle, John C. Meyer, Johnnie Johnson (RAF officer), Joseph Schmid, Junkers Ju 87, Junkers Ju 88, Kampfgeschwader, Kampfgeschwader 51, Kampfgeschwader 76, Kriegsmarine, Kurt Bühligen, Leutnant, List of Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross recipients (D), Lochem, Lockheed P-38 Lightning, Low Countries, Luftflotte 3, Luftflotte Reich, Luftwaffe, Major general, Maldegem, Malmedy, Medium bomber, Meillerwagen, Melsbroek Air Base, Messerschmitt Bf 109, Messerschmitt Me 262, Metz, Metz-Frescaty Air Base, Military tactics, Nazi Germany, Night fighter, Ninth Air Force, No. 127 Squadron RAF, No. 127 Wing RCAF, No. 130 Squadron RAF, No. 131 Wing RAF, No. 132 Wing RAF, No. 139 Wing RAF, No. 140 Squadron RAF, No. 143 Wing RCAF, No. 145 Wing RAF, No. 146 Wing RAF, No. 147 Squadron RAF, No. 16 Squadron RAF, No. 2 Group RAF, No. 271 Squadron RAF, No. 322 (Dutch) Squadron RAF, No. 331 Squadron RAF, No. 332 Squadron RAF, No. 34 Wing RAF, No. 35 Wing RAF, No. 401 Squadron RCAF, No. 411 Squadron RCAF, No. 414 Squadron RCAF, No. 485 Squadron RNZAF, No. 486 Squadron RNZAF, No. 56 Squadron RAF, No. 61 Squadron RAF, No. 66 Squadron RAF, No. 69 Squadron RAF, No. 83 Expeditionary Air Group (United Kingdom), No. 85 Group RAF, Norman Franks, North American B-25 Mitchell, North American P-51 Mustang, Oberkommando der Luftwaffe, Oberkommando der Wehrmacht, Oberstleutnant, Operation Barbarossa, Operation Market Garden, Operation Nordwind, Operation Plunder, Operation Varsity, Ophoven Airfield, Order of battle, Polish government-in-exile, Pyrrhic victory, RAF Second Tactical Air Force, RAF Transport Command, Reichsmarschall, Republic P-47 Thunderbolt, Rhine, Royal Air Force, Scheldt, Schiffer Publishing, Scrambling (military), Short-range ballistic missile, Siegfried Freytag, Sint-Truiden, Sint-Truiden Air Base, St. Vith, Stab (Luftwaffe designation), Staffelkapitän, Stinson L-1 Vigilant, Strafing, Supermarine Spitfire, The Hague, The Journal of Military History, Ultra, United Kingdom, United States, United States Army, United States Army Air Forces, United States Army Central, Ursel Air Base, V-2 rocket, Veto, Vickers Wellington, Volkel Air Base, Waffen-SS, Walter Grabmann, Werner Kreipe, Western Allied invasion of Germany, Western Europe, Wing (military aviation unit), Woensdrecht, Woensdrecht Air Base, Wolfgang Späte, World War II, XXIX Tactical Air Command, Zutendaal Air Base, 122d Fighter Wing, 128th Air Refueling Wing, 133d Operations Group, 136th Airlift Wing, 137th Operations Group, 2nd Fighter Corps (Germany), 349th Squadron (Belgium), 350th Squadron (Belgium), 352nd Fighter Group, 354th Operations Group, 361st Fighter Group, 366th Operations Group, 36th Operations Group, 373d Fighter Group, 3rd Fighter Division (Germany), 400 Tactical Helicopter Squadron, 402 Squadron, 406th Air Expeditionary Group, 412 Transport Squadron, 430 Tactical Helicopter Squadron, 442 Transport and Rescue Squadron, 48th Operations Group, 4th Operations Group, 50th Operations Group, 5th Fighter Division (Germany). Expand index (185 more) » « Shrink index
Aachen or Bad Aachen, French and traditional English: Aix-la-Chapelle, is a spa and border city.
Adolf Joseph Ferdinand Galland (19 March 1912 – 9 February 1996) was a German Luftwaffe general and flying ace who served throughout the Second World War in Europe.
Adolf Hitler (20 April 1889 – 30 April 1945) was a German politician, demagogue, and revolutionary, who was the leader of the Nazi Party (Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei; NSDAP), Chancellor of Germany from 1933 to 1945 and Führer ("Leader") of Nazi Germany from 1934 to 1945.
Advanced Landing Grounds (ALGs) were temporary advance airfields constructed by the Allies during World War II during the liberation of Europe.
Air Marshal (Air Mshl or AM) is a three-star air-officer rank which originated in and continues to be used by the Royal Air Force.
Air supremacy is a position in war where a side holds complete control of air warfare and air power over opposing forces.
The Allies of World War II, called the United Nations from the 1 January 1942 declaration, were the countries that together opposed the Axis powers during the Second World War (1939–1945).
Anti-aircraft warfare or counter-air defence is defined by NATO as "all measures designed to nullify or reduce the effectiveness of hostile air action."AAP-6 They include ground-and air-based weapon systems, associated sensor systems, command and control arrangements and passive measures (e.g. barrage balloons).
Antwerp (Antwerpen, Anvers) is a city in Belgium, and is the capital of Antwerp province in Flanders.
Arnhem (or; Arnheim, Frisian: Arnhim, South Guelderish: Èrnem) is a city and municipality situated in the eastern part of the Netherlands.
Air Marshal Sir Arthur "Mary" Coningham, (19 January 1895 – presumably 30 January 1948) was a senior officer in the Royal Air Force.
Auster Aircraft Limited was a British aircraft manufacturer from 1938 to 1961.
The Avro Anson is a British twin-engined, multi-role aircraft built by the aircraft manufacturer Avro.
The Avro Lancaster is a British four-engined Second World War heavy bomber.
Bastogne (Dutch: Bastenaken, German: Bastnach or Bastenach, Luxembourgish: Baaschtnech) is a Walloon municipality of Belgium located in the province of Luxembourg in the Ardennes.
The Battle of France, also known as the Fall of France, was the German invasion of France and the Low Countries during the Second World War.
The Battle of the Bulge (16 December 1944 – 25 January 1945) was the last major German offensive campaign on the Western Front during World War II.
Beauvechain Air Base is a Belgian Air Component military airfield in Belgium, located south of Beauvechain in Wallonia (Walloon Brabant Province); east-southeast of Brussels.
A bird strike—sometimes called birdstrike, bird ingestion (for an engine), bird hit, or bird aircraft strike hazard (BASH)—is a collision between an airborne animal (usually a bird or bat) and a manmade vehicle, especially an aircraft.
Bocholt is a city in the north-west of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, part of the district Borken.
The Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress is a four-engine heavy bomber developed in the 1930s for the United States Army Air Corps (USAAC).
The British Army is the principal land warfare force of the United Kingdom, a part of British Armed Forces.
Brussels (Bruxelles,; Brussel), officially the Brussels-Capital Region (All text and all but one graphic show the English name as Brussels-Capital Region.) (Région de Bruxelles-Capitale, Brussels Hoofdstedelijk Gewest), is a region of Belgium comprising 19 municipalities, including the City of Brussels, which is the de jure capital of Belgium.
Canada is a country located in the northern part of North America.
Charleroi (Tchålerwè) is a city and a municipality of Wallonia, located in the province of Hainaut, Belgium.
In military tactics, close air support (CAS) is defined as air action such as air strikes by fixed or rotary-winged aircraft against hostile targets that are in close proximity to friendly forces and which requires detailed integration of each air mission with fire and movement of these forces and attacks with aerial bombs, glide bombs, missiles, rockets, aircraft cannons, machine guns, and even directed-energy weapons such as lasers.
A cruise missile is a guided missile used against terrestrial targets that remains in the atmosphere and flies the major portion of its flight path at approximately constant speed.
The de Havilland DH.98 Mosquito is a British twin-engine shoulder-winged multi-role combat aircraft.
Deurne is the second largest district of the municipality of Antwerp, Belgium, (right after the Antwerp town district) and has 69,408 inhabitants.
"" (The Watch/Guard on the Rhine) is a German patriotic anthem.
Dietrich Peltz (9 June 1914 – 10 August 2001) was a German World War II Luftwaffe bomber pilot and youngest general of the Wehrmacht.
A dive bomber is a bomber aircraft that dives directly at its targets in order to provide greater accuracy for the bomb it drops.
Doetinchem (Low Saxon: Deutekem) is a city and municipality in the east of the Netherlands.
The Dominion of New Zealand was the historical successor to the Colony of New Zealand.
The Douglas C-47 Skytrain or Dakota (RAF designation) is a military transport aircraft developed from the civilian Douglas DC-3 airliner.
The Eighth Air Force (Air Forces Strategic) (8 AF) is a numbered air force (NAF) of the United States Air Force's Air Force Global Strike Command (AFGSC).
Eindhoven is a municipality and city in the south of the Netherlands, originally at the confluence of the Dommel and Gender streams.
Eindhoven Airport is an airport located west of Eindhoven, Netherlands.
An emergency landing is a prioritised landing made by an aircraft in response to an emergency containing an imminent or ongoing threat to the safety and operation of the aircraft or involving a sudden need for a passenger or crew on board to be on land, such as a medical emergency.
Emil Josef Clade (26 February 1916 – May 2010) was a Luftwaffe fighter ace in World War II, and figured in German civilian aviation after the war.
A fighter aircraft is a military aircraft designed primarily for air-to-air combat against other aircraft, as opposed to bombers and attack aircraft, whose main mission is to attack ground targets.
A fighter pilot is a military aviator trained to engage in air-to-air combat while in the cockpit of a fighter aircraft.
A fighter-bomber is a fighter aircraft that has been modified, or used primarily, as a light bomber or attack aircraft.
Flammersfeld is a municipality in the district of Altenkirchen, in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany.
A flight is a military unit in an air force, naval air service, or army air corps.
A flying ace, fighter ace or air ace is a military aviator credited with shooting down several enemy aircraft during aerial combat.
The Focke-Wulf Fw 190 Würger (Shrike) is a German single-seat, single-engine fighter aircraft designed by Kurt Tank in the late 1930s and widely used during World War II.
The French Air Force (Armée de l'Air Française), literally Aerial Army) is the air force of the French Armed Forces. It was formed in 1909 as the Service Aéronautique, a service arm of the French Army, then was made an independent military arm in 1934. The number of aircraft in service with the French Air Force varies depending on source, however sources from the French Ministry of Defence give a figure of 658 aircraft in 2014. The French Air Force has 241 combat aircraft in service, with the majority being 133 Dassault Mirage 2000 and 108 Dassault Rafale. As of early 2017, the French Air Force employs a total of 41,160 regular personnel. The reserve element of the air force consisted of 5,187 personnel of the Operational Reserve. The Chief of Staff of the French Air Force (CEMAA) is a direct subordinate of the Chief of the Defence Staff (CEMA).
Friendly fire is an attack by a military force on non-enemy, own, allied or neutral, forces while attempting to attack the enemy, either by misidentifying the target as hostile, or due to errors or inaccuracy.
Günther Specht (13 November 1914 – 1 January 1945) was a German Luftwaffe fighter ace during World War II.
Gerhard Michalski (25 June 1917 – 22 February 1946) was a German Luftwaffe pilot during World War II and recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves of Nazi Germany.
Gerhard Ludwig Weinberg (born 1 January 1928) is a German-born American diplomatic and military historian noted for his studies in the history of World War II.
The following is a list of aircraft production by Germany during World War II by type and year.
The German Army (Heer) was the land forces component of the Wehrmacht, the regular German Armed Forces, from 1935 until it was demobilized and later dissolved in August 1946.
Geschwaderkommodore (short also Kommodore) is a Luftwaffe position or appointment (not rank), originating during World War II.
Ghent (Gent; Gand) is a city and a municipality in the Flemish Region of Belgium.
Gilze en Rijen is a municipality in the southern Netherlands.
Gilze-Rijen Air Base (Vliegbasis Gilze-Rijen) is a military airbase in the south Netherlands.
This is a list of words, terms, concepts, and slogans that have been or are used by the German military.
Gotthard Handrick (25 October 1908 – 30 May 1978) was a German Olympic athlete and German fighter pilot during the Spanish Civil War and World War II.
Grimbergen Airfield - locally known as Vliegveld Grimbergen - is a general aviation aerodrome located in Grimbergen, a municipality of the province of Flemish Brabant in Belgium.
Gruppenkommandeur is a Luftwaffe position (not rank), that is the equivalent of a commander of a group or wing in other air forces.
The Handley Page H.P.54 Harrow was a British heavy bomber of the 1930s built by Handley Page and used by the Royal Air Force, being used for most of the Second World War as a transport.
Haren Airport or Evere Airfield is a former military airfield and civil airport in Brussels, Belgium.
The Hawker Tempest is a British fighter aircraft primarily used by the Royal Air Force (RAF) in the Second World War.
The Hawker Typhoon (Tiffy in RAF slang) is a British single-seat fighter-bomber, produced by Hawker Aircraft.
Hürtgenwald is a municipality in the district of Düren in the federal state of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
Headquarters (commonly referred to as HQ or HD) is/are the locations where most, if not all, of the important functions of an organization are coordinated.
Heesch is a village without city rights in the Dutch province of North Brabant.
Heinrich "Pritzl" Bär (25 May 1913 – 28 April 1957) was a German Luftwaffe flying ace who served throughout World War II in Europe.
Herbert Ihlefeld (1 June 1914 – 8 August 1995) was a German Luftwaffe military aviator during the Spanish Civil War and World War II, a fighter ace listed with 130 enemy aircraft shot down in over 1,000 combat missions.
Hermann Wilhelm Göring (or Goering;; 12 January 1893 – 15 October 1946) was a German political and military leader as well as one of the most powerful figures in the Nazi Party (NSDAP) that ruled Germany from 1933 to 1945.
Hoyt Sanford Vandenberg (January 24, 1899 – April 2, 1954) was a U.S. Air Force general, its second Chief of Staff, and second Director of Central Intelligence.
The Invasion of Poland, known in Poland as the September Campaign (Kampania wrześniowa) or the 1939 Defensive War (Wojna obronna 1939 roku), and in Germany as the Poland Campaign (Polenfeldzug) or Fall Weiss ("Case White"), was a joint invasion of Poland by Germany, the Soviet Union, the Free City of Danzig, and a small Slovak contingent that marked the beginning of World War II.
2./JG 13./JG 14./JG 1gruppenStab./JG 1 --> Jagdgeschwader 1 (JG 1) was a German World War II fighter unit or "wing" which used the Messerschmitt Bf 109 and Focke-Wulf Fw 190 aircraft, between 1940 and 1944.
Jagdgeschwader 11 (JG 11) was a German fighter wing (Jagdgeschwader) of the Luftwaffe during World War II.
Jagdgeschwader 2 (JG 2) "Richthofen" was a German fighter wing during World War II.
Jagdgeschwader 26 (JG 26) Schlageter was a German fighter-wing of World War II.
Jagdgeschwader 27 (JG 27) "Afrika" was a fighter wing of the air force of Nazi Germany (Luftwaffe) during World War II.
Jagdgeschwader 3 (JG 3) "Udet" was a Luftwaffe fighter-wing of World War II.
Jagdgeschwader 300 (JG 300) was a Luftwaffe fighter-wing of World War II.
Jagdgeschwader 301 (JG 301) was a Luftwaffe fighter-wing of World War II.
Jagdgeschwader 4 (JG 4) was a Luftwaffe fighter-wing of World War II.
Jagdgeschwader 53 (JG 53) was a Luftwaffe fighter-wing of World War II.
Jagdgeschwader 54 (JG 54) was a Luftwaffe fighter wing during the Second World War.
Jagdgeschwader 6 (JG 6) Horst Wessel was a Luftwaffe fighter-wing of World War II.
Jagdgeschwader 77 (JG 77) Herz As ("Ace of Hearts") was a Luftwaffe fighter wing during World War II.
Jagdwaffe (Fighter Force), was the German Luftwaffes fighter force during World War II.
James Harold Doolittle (December 14, 1896 – September 27, 1993) was an American aviation pioneer.
General John Charles Meyer (April 3, 1919 – December 2, 1975) was an American World War II flying ace, and later the commander-in-chief of the Strategic Air Command (SAC) and director of the Joint Strategic Target Planning Staff at Offutt Air Force Base, Nebraska.
Air Vice Marshal James Edgar Johnson, (9 March 1915 – 30 January 2001), nicknamed "Johnnie", was a Royal Air Force (RAF) pilot and flying ace—defined as a pilot that has shot down five or more enemy aircraft in aerial combat—who flew and fought during the Second World War.
Joseph Beppo Schmid Born 24 September 1901, Died 30 August 1956, was a German General serving in the Luftwaffe during World War II and recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross, awarded by Nazi Germany for successful military leadership.
The Junkers Ju 87 or Stuka (from Sturzkampfflugzeug, "dive bomber") is a German dive bomber and ground-attack aircraft.
The Junkers Ju 88 was a German World War II Luftwaffe twin-engined multirole combat aircraft.
Kampfgeschwader are the German-language name for (air force) bomber units.
Kampfgeschwader 51 "Edelweiss" (KG 51) (Battle Wing 51) was a Luftwaffe bomber wing during World War II.
Kampfgeschwader 76 (KG 76) (Battle Wing) was a Luftwaffe bomber Group during World War II.
The Kriegsmarine (literally "War Navy") was the navy of Germany from 1935 to 1945.
Kurt Bühligen (13 December 1917 – 11 August 1985) was a Luftwaffe World War II flying ace who served from 1936 until early 1945.
Leutnant (OF-1b) is the lowest Lieutenant officer rank in the armed forces of Germany (Bundeswehr), Austrian Armed Forces, and military of Switzerland.
The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross (Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes) and its variants were the highest awards in the military and paramilitary forces of the Nazi Germany during World War II.
Lochem is a municipality and a city in the eastern Netherlands.
The Lockheed P-38 Lightning is a World War II-era American piston-engined fighter aircraft.
The Low Countries or, in the geographic sense of the term, the Netherlands (de Lage Landen or de Nederlanden, les Pays Bas) is a coastal region in northwestern Europe, consisting especially of the Netherlands and Belgium, and the low-lying delta of the Rhine, Meuse, Scheldt, and Ems rivers where much of the land is at or below sea level.
Luftflotte 3 (Air Fleet 3) was one of the primary divisions of the German Luftwaffe in World War II.
Luftflotte Reich (Air Fleet Reich) was one of the primary divisions of the German Luftwaffe in World War II.
The Luftwaffe was the aerial warfare branch of the combined German Wehrmacht military forces during World War II.
Major general (abbreviated MG, Maj. Gen. and similar) is a military rank used in many countries.
Maldegem (West Flemish: Moaldegem) is a municipality located in the Belgian province of East Flanders.
Malmedy (German obsolete Malmünd) is a Walloon city and municipality of Belgium.
A medium bomber is a military bomber aircraft designed to operate with medium-sized bombloads over medium range distances; the name serves to distinguish this type from larger heavy bombers and smaller light bombers.
The Meillerwagen (Meiller Vehicle) was a German World War II trailer used to transport a V-2 rocket from the 'transloading point' of the Technical Troop Area to the 'launching point', to erect the missile on the Brennstand (firing stand), and to act as the service gantry for fuelling and launch preparation.
Melsbroek Air Base is a Belgian Air Component facility in Steenokkerzeel, northeast of Brussels, the capital of Belgium.
The Messerschmitt Bf 109 is a German World War II fighter aircraft that was the backbone of the Luftwaffe's fighter force.
The Messerschmitt Me 262, nicknamed Schwalbe (German: "Swallow") in fighter versions, or Sturmvogel (German: "Storm Bird") in fighter-bomber versions, was the world's first operational jet-powered fighter aircraft.
Metz (Lorraine Franconian pronunciation) is a city in northeast France located at the confluence of the Moselle and the Seille rivers.
Metz-Frescaty Air Base (Base aérienne 128 Metz-Frescaty) is a front-line French Air Force Armée de l'Air (ALA) base.
Military tactics encompasses the art of organising and employing fighting forces on or near the battlefield.
Nazi Germany is the common English name for the period in German history from 1933 to 1945, when Germany was under the dictatorship of Adolf Hitler through the Nazi Party (NSDAP).
A night fighter (also known as all-weather fighter or all-weather interceptor for a period of time post-World War II) is a fighter aircraft adapted for use at night or in other times of bad visibility.
The Ninth Air Force (9 AF) is a numbered air force of the United States Air Force's Air Combat Command (ACC).
1st Polish Fighter Wing (later, No. 131 (Polish) Wing) (1 (131) Polskie Skrzydło Myśliwskie) was a mainly Polish formation that flew Supermarine Spitfires of the Royal Air Force during the Second World War.
No 332 Squadron of the Royal Air Force was formed at RAF Catterick in the North Riding of Yorkshire on 16 January 1942, as a Spitfire-equipped fighter squadron manned by Norwegians.
486 (NZ) Squadron was a New Zealand fighter squadron of the Royal Air Force during the Second World War.
Number 56 Squadron is one of the oldest and most successful squadrons of the Royal Air Force, with battle honours from many of the significant air campaigns of both World War I and World War II.
The designation No.
Norman Leslie Robert Franks (born 1940) is an English militaria writer who specialises in aviation topics.
The North American B-25 Mitchell is an American twin-engine, medium bomber manufactured by North American Aviation (NAA).
The North American Aviation P-51 Mustang is an American long-range, single-seat fighter and fighter-bomber used during World War II and the Korean War, among other conflicts.
The Oberkommando der Luftwaffe (OKL), translated as the High Command of the Air Force in English, was the high command of the Luftwaffe.
The Oberkommando der Wehrmacht (OKW, "High Command of the Armed Forces") was the High Command of the Wehrmacht (armed forces) of Nazi Germany during World War II.
Oberstleutnant is a German Army and German Air Force rank equal to lieutenant colonel, above Major, and below Oberst.
Operation Barbarossa (German: Unternehmen Barbarossa) was the code name for the Axis invasion of the Soviet Union, which started on Sunday, 22 June 1941, during World War II.
Operation Market Garden (17–25 September 1944) was an unsuccessful Allied military operation planned, and predominantly led, by the British.
Operation North Wind (Unternehmen Nordwind) was the last major German offensive of World War II on the Western Front.
Beginning on the night of March 23, 1945 the 21st Army Group under Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery launched Operation Plunder, as a part of a coordinated set of Rhine crossings.
Operation Varsity (24 March 1945) was a successful airborne forces operation launched by Allied troops that took place toward the end of World War II.
Ophoven Airfield is an abandoned World War II military airfield which is located west of Opglabbeek (Limburg); approximately northeast of Brussels.
In modern use, the order of battle of an armed force participating in a military operation or campaign shows the hierarchical organization, command structure, strength, disposition of personnel, and equipment of units and formations of the armed force.
The Polish government-in-exile, formally known as the Government of the Republic of Poland in exile (Rząd Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej na uchodźstwie), was the government in exile of Poland formed in the aftermath of the Invasion of Poland of September 1939, and the subsequent occupation of Poland by Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union, which brought to an end the Second Polish Republic.
A Pyrrhic victory is a victory that inflicts such a devastating toll on the victor that it is tantamount to defeat.
The RAF Second Tactical Air Force (2TAF) was one of three tactical air forces within the Royal Air Force (RAF) during and after the Second World War.
RAF Transport Command was a Royal Air Force command that controlled all transport aircraft of the RAF.
Reichsmarschall, Marshal of the Reich (literal translation: Empire or Realm), was the highest rank in the Wehrmacht of Nazi Germany during World War II.
The Republic P-47 Thunderbolt was a World War II era fighter aircraft produced by the United States from 1941 through 1945.
--> The Rhine (Rhenus, Rein, Rhein, le Rhin,, Italiano: Reno, Rijn) is a European river that begins in the Swiss canton of Graubünden in the southeastern Swiss Alps, forms part of the Swiss-Liechtenstein, Swiss-Austrian, Swiss-German and then the Franco-German border, then flows through the German Rhineland and the Netherlands and eventually empties into the North Sea.
The Royal Air Force (RAF) is the United Kingdom's aerial warfare force.
The Scheldt (l'Escaut, Escô, Schelde) is a long river in northern France, western Belgium and the southwestern part of the Netherlands.
Schiffer Publishing Ltd. (also known as Schiffer Military History) is a family-owned publisher of nonfiction books.
In military aviation, scrambling is the act of quickly getting military aircraft airborne to react to an immediate threat, usually to intercept hostile aircraft.
A short-range ballistic missile (SRBM) is a ballistic missile with a range of about or less.
Siegfried Freytag (10 November 1919 – 2 June 2003) was a fighter pilot who served and fought in the Luftwaffe of during World War II.
Sint-Truiden (Saint-Trond) is a city and municipality located in the province of Limburg, Flemish Region, Belgium, near the towns of Hasselt and Tongeren.
Sint-Truiden Air Base (also known as Brustem Air Base) (Luchtmachtbasis Sint-Truiden) (Base Aérienne Saint-Trond) is a Belgian Air Component base, located south of Sint-Truiden (Limburg), approximately east of Brussels (Bruxelles).
The German language term Stab (literal translation: "staff") was used during World War II to designate a headquarters unit of the German Luftwaffe (air force).
Staffelkapitän is a position (not a rank) in flying units (''Staffel'') of the German Luftwaffe that is the equivalent of RAF/USAF Squadron Commander.
The Stinson L-1 Vigilant (company designation Model 74) was a 1940s American light observation aircraft built by the Stinson Aircraft Company at Wayne, Michigan (by November 1940 a division of Vultee Aircraft Corporation).
Strafing is the military practice of attacking ground targets from low-flying aircraft using aircraft-mounted automatic weapons Less commonly, the term can be used—by extension—to describe high-speed firing runs by any land or naval craft (e.g. fast boats) using smaller-caliber weapons and targeting stationary or slow-moving targets.
The Supermarine Spitfire is a British single-seat fighter aircraft used by the Royal Air Force and other Allied countries before, during and after World War II.
The Hague (Den Haag,, short for 's-Gravenhage) is a city on the western coast of the Netherlands and the capital of the province of South Holland.
The Journal of Military History is a quarterly peer-reviewed academic journal covering the military history of all times and places.
Ultra was the designation adopted by British military intelligence in June 1941 for wartime signals intelligence obtained by breaking high-level encrypted enemy radio and teleprinter communications at the Government Code and Cypher School (GC&CS) at Bletchley Park.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
The United States Army (USA) is the land warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces.
The United States Army Air Forces (USAAF or AAF), informally known as the Air Force, was the aerial warfare service of the United States of America during and immediately after World War II (1939/41–1945), successor to the previous United States Army Air Corps and the direct predecessor of the United States Air Force of today, one of the five uniformed military services.
The United States Army Central, formerly the Third United States Army, commonly referred to as the Third Army and as ARCENT is a military formation of the United States Army, which saw service in World War I and World War II, in the 1991 Gulf War, and in the coalition occupation of Iraq.
Ursel Air Base is a joint public/military airport located 10.2 km southwest of Eeklo near Ursel, East Flanders, Belgium.
The V-2 (Vergeltungswaffe 2, "Retribution Weapon 2"), technical name Aggregat 4 (A4), was the world's first long-range guided ballistic missile.
A veto – Latin for "I forbid" – is the power (used by an officer of the state, for example) to unilaterally stop an official action, especially the enactment of legislation.
The Vickers Wellington was a British twin-engined, long-range medium bomber.
Volkel Air Base (Vliegbasis Volkel) is a military airbase used by the Royal Netherlands Air Force (RNLAF) - Dutch: Koninklijke Luchtmacht (KLu), and is located near the village of Volkel in North Brabant, Netherlands.
The Waffen-SS (Armed SS) was the armed wing of the Nazi Party's SS organisation.
Walter Grabmann (20 September 1905 – 20 August 1992) was a German general in the Luftwaffe during World War II.
Werner Kreipe (12 April 1904 – 7 September 1967) was a German World War II Luftwaffe General der Flieger.
The Western Allied invasion of Germany was coordinated by the Western Allies during the final months of hostilities in the European theatre of World War II.
Western Europe is the region comprising the western part of Europe.
In military aviation, a wing is a unit of command.
Woensdrecht is a municipality (named after the village) in the southern Netherlands.
Woensdrecht Air Base (Vliegbasis Woensdrecht) is a military airport between the villages of Woensdrecht and Huijbergen, about 10 km (6 miles) south of the city of Bergen op Zoom in the Netherlands.
Wolfgang Späte (8 September 1911 – 30 April 1997) was a German Luftwaffe fighter pilot during World War II.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
The XXIX Tactical Air Command (XXIX TAC) is an inactive United States Air Force unit.
Zutendaal Air Base is a reserve Belgian Air Component base, located east-southeast of Genk (Limburg), approximately east-northeast of Brussels.
The 122d Fighter Wing (122 FW sometimes 122d) is a unit of the Indiana Air National Guard, stationed at Fort Wayne Air National Guard Station, Fort Wayne, Indiana.
The 128th Air Refueling Wing (128 ARW) is a unit of the Wisconsin Air National Guard, stationed at General Mitchell Air National Guard Base, Milwaukee, Wisconsin.
The 133rd Operations Group is the flying component of the Minnesota Air National Guard's 133d Airlift Wing, stationed at Minneapolis–Saint Paul Joint Air Reserve Station, Minnesota.
The 136th Airlift Wing (136 AW) is a unit of the Texas Air National Guard, stationed at Naval Air Station Joint Reserve Base Fort Worth, Fort Worth, Texas.
The 137th Air Refueling Group is an associate unit of the Oklahoma Air National Guard stationed at Tinker Air Force Base, Oklahoma.
349th Squadron (349e escadrille, 349ste Smaldeel) is a fighter squadron in the Air Component of the Belgian Armed Forces.
The 350th Squadron (350e escadrille, 350ste Smaldeel) is a fighter squadron in the Air Component of the Belgian Armed Forces.
The 352nd Fighter Group was an unit of the Eighth Air Force that was located in the European Theater of Operations during World War II.
The 354th Operations Group is a component of the 354th Fighter Wing, assigned to the United States Air Force Pacific Air Forces.
The 361st Fighter Group was a World War II United States Army Air Forces combat organization.
The 366th Operations Group (366 OG) is the flying component of the 366th Fighter Wing, assigned to the United States Air Force Air Combat Command.
The 36th Operations Group (36 OG) is the operational component of the 36th Wing, assigned to the United States Air Force Pacific Air Forces.
The 373d Fighter Group is an inactive United States Army Air Force unit.
(3rd Fighter Division (3. Jagd Division) was one of the primary divisions of the German Luftwaffe in World War II. It was formed 1 May 1942 in Metz. The Division was redesignated 4. Jagd-Division on 15 September 1943 and reformed 15 September 1943 in Deelen from 1. Jagd Division.
400 "City of Toronto" Tactical Helicopter and Training Squadron is part of 1 Wing, and as such a lodger unit of Canadian Forces Base Borden.
402 "City of Winnipeg" Squadron (French: 402e Escadron) is a Royal Canadian Air Force (formerly the Canadian Forces) squadron based in Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada.
The 406th Air Expeditionary Group (406 AEOG) is the operational flying component of the 406th Air Expeditionary Wing.
430 Tactical Helicopter Squadron is a unit of the Canadian Forces under Royal Canadian Air Force.
442 Transport and Rescue Squadron (French: 442e Escadron de transport et de sauvetage) is a Royal Canadian Air Force tactical transport and search and rescue unit based at Canadian Forces Base (CFB) Comox in the Canadian province of British Columbia.
The 48th Operations Group (48 OG) is the flying component of the 48th Fighter Wing, assigned to the United States Air Forces in Europe - Air Forces Africa.
The 4th Operations Group (4 OG) is the flying component of the 4th Fighter Wing, assigned to the United States Air Force Air Combat Command.
The 50th Operations Group is a component of the 50th Space Wing, assigned to the United States Air Force Space Command.
5th Fighter Division (5. Jagd Division) was one of the primary divisions of the German Luftwaffe in World War II.