123 relations: Afrika Korps, Alan Cunningham, Alfred Reade Godwin-Austen, Archibald Wavell, 1st Earl Wavell, Axis powers, Bardia, Battle of Point 175, Bernard Freyberg, 1st Baron Freyberg, Bersaglieri, Bizerte, Black Watch, Central India Horse, Claude Auchinleck, Commander-in-chief, Cruiser tank, Crusader tank, Czechoslovak government-in-exile, Desert Air Force, Division (military), Divisional Cavalry Regiment (New Zealand), East African Campaign (World War II), Egypt, Eighth Army (United Kingdom), El Agheila, Enea Navarini, Erwin Rommel, Ettore Bastico, Fedele de Giorgis, Fiat M13/40, First Battle of Bir el Gubi, Frank Messervy, Fritz Bayerlein, Gastone Gambara, Gazala, Geoffrey Cox (journalist), George Brink, Halfaya Pass, Howard Kippenberger, Infantry tank, Italian XX Motorised Corps, James Hargest, Jock Campbell (British Army officer), John Murray (general), King's Own Royal Regiment (Lancaster), Leslie Morshead, Libya, Libyan Coastal Highway, Lieutenant general, List of North African airfields during World War II, List of World War II battles, ..., Ludwig Crüwell, Luftwaffe, M3 Stuart, M4 Sherman, Matilda II, Mersa Matruh, Middle East Command, Neil Ritchie, New Zealand Electronic Text Centre, North Africa, North African Campaign, North African Campaign timeline, Office of Public Sector Information, Official History of New Zealand in the Second World War 1939–45, Operation Battleaxe, Operation Crusader order of battle, Panzer Army Africa, Panzer I, Panzer II, Panzer III, Panzer IV, Polish Armed Forces in the West, Polish Independent Carpathian Rifle Brigade, Queen's Own Royal West Kent Regiment, Ronald Scobie, Royal Navy, Siege of Tobruk, Stanisław Kopański, Sudan Defence Force, Suez Canal, Tank, Transvaal Horse Artillery, Tunisia, Vichy France, Victoria Cross, Western Desert Campaign, Western Desert Force, Wikimapia, William Gott, Willoughby Norrie, 1st Baron Norrie, World War II, XIII Corps (United Kingdom), XXX Corps (United Kingdom), 101st Motorised Division Trieste, 102nd Motorised Division Trento, 11th Sikh Regiment, 132nd Armoured Division Ariete, 136th Armoured Division Giovani Fascisti, 14th Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom), 17th Infantry Division Pavia, 1st Army Tank Brigade (United Kingdom), 1st Infantry Division (South Africa), 2/13th Battalion (Australia), 20th Brigade (Australia), 21st Panzer Division (Wehrmacht), 22nd Armoured Brigade (United Kingdom), 22nd Battalion (New Zealand), 22nd Guards Brigade, 25th Infantry Division Bologna, 27th Infantry Division Brescia, 2nd Battalion, York and Lancaster Regiment, 2nd Infantry Division (South Africa), 2nd New Zealand Division, 33rd Infantry Division (Wehrmacht), 4th Infantry Brigade and Headquarters North East, 4th Infantry Division (India), 55th Infantry Division Savona, 70th Infantry Division (United Kingdom), 7th Armoured Brigade (United Kingdom), 7th Armoured Division (United Kingdom), 8th Royal Tank Regiment, 90th Light Infantry Division (Wehrmacht), 9th Division (Australia). Expand index (73 more) » « Shrink index
The Afrika Korps or German Africa Corps (Deutsches Afrikakorps, DAK) was the German expeditionary force in Africa during the North African Campaign of World War II.
General Sir Alan Gordon Cunningham (1 May 1887 – 30 January 1983) was a senior officer of the British Army noted for his victories over Italian forces in the East African Campaign during World War II.
General Sir Alfred Reade Godwin-Austen (17 April 1889 – 20 March 1963) was a British Army officer who served during World War I and World War II.
Field Marshal Archibald Percival Wavell, 1st Earl Wavell, (5 May 1883 – 24 May 1950) was a senior officer of the British Army.
The Axis powers (Achsenmächte; Potenze dell'Asse; 枢軸国 Sūjikukoku), also known as the Axis and the Rome–Berlin–Tokyo Axis, were the nations that fought in World War II against the Allied forces.
Bardia, or El Burdi (البردية or البردي) is a Mediterranean seaport in the Butnan District of eastern Libya.
The Battle of Point 175 was a military engagement of the Western Desert Campaign that took place during Operation Crusader from 1941, during the Second World War.
Lieutenant General Bernard Cyril Freyberg, 1st Baron Freyberg, (21 March 1889 – 4 July 1963) was a British-born soldier and Victoria Cross recipient, who served as the 7th Governor-General of New Zealand from 1946 to 1952.
The Bersaglieri (Marksmen in English) are a corps of the Italian Army originally created by General Alessandro La Marmora on 18 June 1836 to serve in the Army of the Kingdom of Sardinia, later to become the Royal Italian Army.
Bizerte (بنزرت); historically: Phoenician: Hippo Acra, Hippo Diarrhytus and Hippo Zarytus), also known in English as Bizerta, is a town of Bizerte Governorate in Tunisia. It is the northernmost city in Africa, located 65 km (40mil) north of the capital Tunis. The city had 142,966 inhabitants in 2014.
The Black Watch, 3rd Battalion, Royal Regiment of Scotland (3 SCOTS) is an infantry battalion of the Royal Regiment of Scotland.
The Central India Horse (21st King George V's Own Horse) was a regular cavalry regiment of the British Indian Army.
Field Marshal Sir Claude John Eyre Auchinleck (21 June 1884 – 23 March 1981) was a British Army commander during the Second World War.
A commander-in-chief, also sometimes called supreme commander, or chief commander, is the person or body that exercises supreme operational command and control of a nation's military forces.
The cruiser tank (also called cavalry tank or fast tank) was a British tank concept of the interwar period for tanks designed to function as modernised armoured and mechanised cavalry.
The Tank, Cruiser, Mk VI or A15 Crusader was one of the primary British cruiser tanks during the early part of the Second World War.
The Czechoslovak government-in-exile, sometimes styled officially as the Provisional Government of Czechoslovakia (Czech: Prozatímní státní zřízení československé), was an informal title conferred upon the Czechoslovak National Liberation Committee, initially by British diplomatic recognition.
The Desert Air Force (DAF), also known chronologically as Air Headquarters Western Desert, Air Headquarters Libya, the Western Desert Air Force, and the First Tactical Air Force (1TAF), was an Allied tactical air force created from No. 204 Group under RAF Middle East Command in North Africa in 1941 to provide close air support to the British Eighth Army.
A division is a large military unit or formation, usually consisting of between 10,000 and 20,000 soldiers.
The Divisional Cavalry Regiment (Div Cav), was an armoured cavalry regiment of the 2nd New Zealand Division during the Second World War and was New Zealand's first armoured unit.
The East African Campaign (also known as the Abyssinian Campaign) was fought in East Africa during World War II by Allied forces, mainly from the British Empire, against Axis forces, primarily from Italy of Italian East Africa (Africa Orientale Italiana, or AOI), between June 1940 and November 1941.
Egypt (مِصر, مَصر, Khēmi), officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a transcontinental country spanning the northeast corner of Africa and southwest corner of Asia by a land bridge formed by the Sinai Peninsula.
The Eighth Army was a field army formation of the British Army during the Second World War, fighting in the North African and Italian campaigns.
El Agheila (العقيلة al-'Uqaylah) is a coastal city at the bottom of the Gulf of Sidra in far western Cyrenaica, Libya.
Enea Navarini (Cesena 1 April 1885 - Merano 22 March 1977) was an Italian general who served during the Second World War from 1940 to 1943.
Erwin Rommel (15 November 1891 – 14 October 1944) was a German general and military theorist.
Ettore Bastico (9 April 1876 – 2 December 1972) was an Italian military officer before and during World War II.
Fedele de Giorgis (January 17, 1887 – February 4, 1964) was an Italian general of the Kingdom of Italy.
The Fiat-Ansaldo M13/40 was an Italian World War II tank designed to replace the Fiat L3, the Fiat L6/40 and the Fiat M11/39 in the Italian Army at the start of World War II.
The First Battle of Bir el Gubi took place on 19 November 1941 near Bir el Gubi, Libya.
General Sir Frank Walter Messervy & Bar (9 December 1893 – 2 February 1974) was a British Indian Army officer in both the First and Second World Wars. Following its independence, he was the first Commander of the Pakistan Army (15 August 1947 – 10 February 1948) Previously, he had become a Lieutenant-General in 1945; a General in 1947; General Officer Commanding in Chief or (GOC-in-C) Northern Command, India in 1946 and 1947.
Fritz Hermann Michael Bayerlein (14 January 1899 – 30 January 1970) was a general in the Wehrmacht of Nazi Germany during World War II.
Gastone Gambara (10 November 1890 – 27 February 1962) was an Italian General who participated in the First World War and the Second World War.
Gazala, or Ain el Gazala (عين الغزالة), is a small Libyan village near the coast in the northeastern portion of the country.
Sir Geoffrey Sandford Cox, CNZM, CBE (7 April 1910 – 2 April 2008) was a New Zealand-born newspaper and television journalist.
Lieutenant-General George Edwin Brink (27 September 188930 April 1971) was a South African military commander.
Halfaya Pass (مَمَرّ حَلْفَيَا translit., known colloquially as Hellfire Pass) is located in Egypt, near the border with Libya.
Major General Sir Howard Karl Kippenberger, (28 January 1897 – 5 May 1957), known as "Kip", was an officer of the New Zealand Military Forces who served in the First and Second World Wars.
The infantry tank was a concept developed by the United Kingdom and France in the years leading up to World War II.
The Italian XX Motorised Corps was an armoured formation of the Italian army.
Brigadier James Hargest, (4 September 1891 – 12 August 1944) was an officer of the New Zealand Military Forces, serving in both the First and Second World Wars.
Major-General John Charles Campbell, (10 January 1894 – 26 February 1942), known as Jock Campbell, was a British Army officer and a Scottish recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.
Major General John Joseph Murray, (26 April 1892 – 8 September 1951) was an Australian Army officer and businessman.
The King's Own Royal Regiment (Lancaster) was a line infantry regiment of the British Army.
Lieutenant General Sir Leslie James Morshead, (18 September 1889 – 26 September 1959) was an Australian soldier, teacher, businessman, and farmer, whose military career spanned both world wars.
Libya (ليبيا), officially the State of Libya (دولة ليبيا), is a sovereign state in the Maghreb region of North Africa, bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, Egypt to the east, Sudan to the southeast, Chad and Niger to the south and Algeria and Tunisia to the west.
The Libyan Coastal Highway (الطريق الساحلي الليبي), formerly the Litoranea Balbo, is a highway that is the only major road that runs along the entire east-west length of the Libyan Mediterranean coastline.
Lieutenant general, lieutenant-general and similar (abbrev Lt Gen, LTG and similar) is a three-star military rank (NATO code OF-8) used in many countries.
This is a partial list of British Landing Grounds (LG) In North Africa, used during World War II.
This is a list of World War II battles.
Ludwig Crüwell (20 March 1892 – 25 September 1958), was a general in the Afrika Korps of Nazi Germany during World War II.
The Luftwaffe was the aerial warfare branch of the combined German Wehrmacht military forces during World War II.
The M3 Stuart, officially Light Tank, M3, was an American light tank of World War II.
The M4 Sherman, officially Medium Tank, M4, was the most widely used medium tank by the United States and Western Allies in World War II.
The Infantry Tank Mark II, best known as the Matilda, was a British infantry tank of the Second World War.
Mersa Matruh (مرسى مطروح) is a seaport in Egypt, the capital of the Matrouh Governorate.
Middle East Command, later Middle East Land Forces, was a British Army Command established prior to the Second World War in Egypt.
General Sir Neil Methuen Ritchie, (29 July 1897 – 11 December 1983) was a British Army officer who saw service during both the world wars.
The New Zealand Electronic Text Centre (NZETC) (Te Pūhikotuhi o Aotearoa) was renamed in 2012 the New Zealand Electronic Text Collection due to internal restructuring.
North Africa is a collective term for a group of Mediterranean countries and territories situated in the northern-most region of the African continent.
The North African Campaign of the Second World War took place in North Africa from 10 June 1940 to 13 May 1943.
Timeline of the North African Campaign.
The Office of Public Sector Information (OPSI) is the body responsible for the operation of Her Majesty's Stationery Office (HMSO) and of other public information services of the United Kingdom.
The Official History of New Zealand in the Second World War 1939–45 is a 48-volume series published by the War History Branch (and its successors) of the Department of Internal Affairs which covered New Zealand involvement in the Second World War.
Operation Battleaxe was a British Army operation during the Second World War in June 1941, to clear eastern Cyrenaica of German and Italian forces and raise the Siege of Tobruk.
This is the order of battle for the ground forces involved in Operation Crusader, a World War II battle between the British Commonwealth and the European Axis Powers of Germany and Italy in North Africa between 18 November – 30 December 1941.
As the number of German armed forces committed to the North Africa Campaign of World War II grew from the initial commitment of a small corps the Germans developed a more elaborate command structure and placed the enlarged Afrika Korps, with Italian units under this new German command and a succession of commands were created to manage Axis forces in Africa.
The Panzer I was a light tank produced in Germany in the 1930s.
The Panzer II is the common name used for a family of German tanks used in World War II.
The Panzerkampfwagen III, commonly known as the Panzer III, was a medium tank developed in the 1930s by Germany, and was used extensively in World War II.
The Panzerkampfwagen IV (PzKpfw IV), commonly known as the Panzer IV, was a German medium tank developed in the late 1930s and used extensively during the Second World War.
The Polish Armed Forces in the West refers to the Polish military formations formed to fight alongside the Western Allies against Nazi Germany and its allies during World War II.
Polish Independent Carpathian Brigade (Polish Samodzielna Brygada Strzelców Karpackich, SBSK) was a Polish military unit formed in 1940 in French Syria composed of the Polish soldiers exiled after the invasion of Poland in 1939 as part of the Polish Army in France.
The Queen's Own Royal West Kent Regiment was a line infantry regiment of the British Army based in the county of Kent in existence from 1881 to 1961.
Lieutenant General Sir Ronald MacKenzie Scobie KBE, CB, MC (8 June 1893 – 23 February 1969) was a senior British Army officer who fought in both World War I and World War II, where he commanded the 70th Infantry Division and later III Corps.
The Royal Navy (RN) is the United Kingdom's naval warfare force.
The Siege of Tobruk lasted for 241 days in 1941, after Axis forces advanced through Cyrenaica from El Agheila in Operation Sonnenblume against Allied forces in Libya, during the Western Desert Campaign (1940–1943) of the Second World War.
General Stanisław Kopański (1895–1976) was a Polish military commander, politician, diplomat, an engineer and one of the best-educated Polish officers of the time, serving with distinction during World War II.
The Sudan Defence Force (SDF) was a British Army unit formed in 1925, as its name indicates, to maintain the borders of the Sudan under the British administration.
thumb The Suez Canal (قناة السويس) is an artificial sea-level waterway in Egypt, connecting the Mediterranean Sea to the Red Sea through the Isthmus of Suez.
A tank is an armoured fighting vehicle designed for front-line combat, with heavy firepower, strong armour, tracks and a powerful engine providing good battlefield maneuverability.
The Transvaal Horse Artillery (usually abbreviated to THA) is an artillery regiment of the South African Army.
Tunisia (تونس; Berber: Tunes, ⵜⵓⵏⴻⵙ; Tunisie), officially the Republic of Tunisia, (الجمهورية التونسية) is a sovereign state in Northwest Africa, covering. Its northernmost point, Cape Angela, is the northernmost point on the African continent. It is bordered by Algeria to the west and southwest, Libya to the southeast, and the Mediterranean Sea to the north and east. Tunisia's population was estimated to be just under 11.93 million in 2016. Tunisia's name is derived from its capital city, Tunis, which is located on its northeast coast. Geographically, Tunisia contains the eastern end of the Atlas Mountains, and the northern reaches of the Sahara desert. Much of the rest of the country's land is fertile soil. Its of coastline include the African conjunction of the western and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Basin and, by means of the Sicilian Strait and Sardinian Channel, feature the African mainland's second and third nearest points to Europe after Gibraltar. Tunisia is a unitary semi-presidential representative democratic republic. It is considered to be the only full democracy in the Arab World. It has a high human development index. It has an association agreement with the European Union; is a member of La Francophonie, the Union for the Mediterranean, the Arab Maghreb Union, the Arab League, the OIC, the Greater Arab Free Trade Area, the Community of Sahel-Saharan States, the African Union, the Non-Aligned Movement, the Group of 77; and has obtained the status of major non-NATO ally of the United States. In addition, Tunisia is also a member state of the United Nations and a state party to the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court. Close relations with Europe in particular with France and with Italy have been forged through economic cooperation, privatisation and industrial modernization. In ancient times, Tunisia was primarily inhabited by Berbers. Phoenician immigration began in the 12th century BC; these immigrants founded Carthage. A major mercantile power and a military rival of the Roman Republic, Carthage was defeated by the Romans in 146 BC. The Romans, who would occupy Tunisia for most of the next eight hundred years, introduced Christianity and left architectural legacies like the El Djem amphitheater. After several attempts starting in 647, the Muslims conquered the whole of Tunisia by 697, followed by the Ottoman Empire between 1534 and 1574. The Ottomans held sway for over three hundred years. The French colonization of Tunisia occurred in 1881. Tunisia gained independence with Habib Bourguiba and declared the Tunisian Republic in 1957. In 2011, the Tunisian Revolution resulted in the overthrow of President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali, followed by parliamentary elections. The country voted for parliament again on 26 October 2014, and for President on 23 November 2014.
Vichy France (Régime de Vichy) is the common name of the French State (État français) headed by Marshal Philippe Pétain during World War II.
The Victoria Cross (VC) is the highest award of the British honours system.
The Western Desert Campaign (Desert War), took place in the deserts of Egypt and Libya and was the main theatre in the North African Campaign during the Second World War.
The Western Desert Force (WDF) was a British Army formation active in Egypt during the Western Desert Campaign of the Second World War.
Wikimapia is a privately owned open-content collaborative mapping project, that utilizes an interactive "clickable" web map with a geographically-referenced wiki system, with the aim to mark and describe all geographical objects in the world.
Lieutenant-General William Henry Ewart Gott, & Bar, MC (13 August 1897 – 7 August 1942), nicknamed "Strafer", was a senior British Army officer who fought during both World War I and World War II, reaching the rank of lieutenant-general while serving with the British Eighth Army.
Lieutenant-General Charles Willoughby Moke Norrie, 1st Baron Norrie, (26 September 1893 – 25 May 1977), was a senior officer of the British Army who fought in both World Wars, following which he served terms as Governor of South Australia and the eighth Governor-General of New Zealand.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
XIII Corps was a corps-sized formation of the British Army that fought on the Western Front during the First World War and was reformed for service during the Second World War, serving in the Mediterranean and Middle East throughout its service.
XXX Corps (30 Corps) was a corps of the British Army during the Second World War.
101st Motorised Division Trieste or 101° Divisione Trieste (Italian) was a Motorised Division of the Italian Army during World War II.
The 102nd Motorised Division Trento (in 102ª Divisione Fanteria Trento) was a motorised infantry division of the Italian Army during World War II.
The 11th Sikh Regiment were an infantry regiment of the British Indian Army.
The Ariete Armoured Division was an armoured division of the Italian Army during World War II.
The 136th Armoured Division Giovani Fascisti was an infantry division of the Italian Army during World War II.
The 14th Infantry Brigade was a British Army formation during both the First World War and the Second World War.
17th Infantry Division "Pavia" (Italian: 17° Divisione Autotrasportabile "Pavia") was an auto-transportable Infantry Division of the Italian Army during World War II.
The 1st Army Tank Brigade was a formation of the British Army during World War 2.
The 1st South African Infantry Division was an infantry division of the army of the Union of South Africa.
The 2/13th Battalion was an infantry battalion of the Australian Army, which served during World War II.
The 20th Brigade was a brigade-sized infantry unit of the Australian Army.
The 21st Panzer Division was a German armoured division best known for its role in the battles of the North African Campaign from 1941–1943 during World War II when it was one of the two armoured divisions making up the Deutsches Afrikakorps (DAK).
The 22nd Armoured Brigade was an armoured brigade of the British Army that saw service during World War II.
The 22nd Battalion, also known as the "Wellington Battalion", was an infantry battalion of the New Zealand Military Forces, which served during the Second World War.
The 22nd Guards Brigade was an infantry brigade of the British Army that saw distinguished active service during World War II.
The 25th Infantry Division Bologna (Italian: 25 Divisione Autotrasportabile "Bologna") was an auto-transportable Infantry Division of the Italian Army during World War II.
The 27th Infantry Division "Brescia" (Italian: 27° Divisione Autotrasportabile "Brescia") was an auto-transportable Infantry Division formed 1 January 1935 as 27th Infantry Division Sila and reorganized to the 27th Infantry Division "Brescia" 24 May 1939.
The 2nd Battalion, York and Lancaster Regiment was an infantry battalion of the British Army created in 1881 by the redesignation of the 84th (York and Lancaster) Regiment of Foot in 1881.
The South African 2nd Infantry Division was an infantry division of the army of the Union of South Africa during World War II.
The 2nd New Zealand Division, initially the New Zealand Division, was an infantry division of the New Zealand Military Forces (New Zealand's army) during the Second World War.
The 33rd Infantry Division (33.) was a German Army infantry division active in World War II.
4th Infantry Brigade and Headquarters North East (The Black Rats), previously known as 4th Mechanized Brigade (The Black Rats) is a brigade formation of the British Army, currently based in Catterick, North Yorkshire as part of 1st (United Kingdom) Division.
The 4th Indian Infantry Division, also known as the Red Eagle Division, is the infantry division name the Indian Army retained after the present India adopted its entire rank and structure from its parent Army, the British Army.
The 55th Infantry Division Savona was a North African type auto-transportable Infantry Division of the Italian Army during World War II.
The 70th Infantry Division was an infantry division of the British Army that fought during the Western Desert Campaign of the Second World War.
The 7th Armoured Brigade was an armoured brigade formation of the British Army.
The 7th Armoured Division was an armoured division of the British Army that saw distinguished active service during World War II, where its exploits in the Western Desert Campaign gained it the Desert Rats nickname.
The 8th Royal Tank Regiment (8 RTR) was an armoured regiment of the British Army until 1960.
The 90th Light Infantry Division was a light infantry division of the German Army during World War II that served in North Africa as well as Sardinia and Italy.
The 9th Division was a division of the Australian Army that served during World War II.
Battle of Alem Hamza, Battle of Belhamed, Battle of Belhamed Road, Battle of Bir Ghirba, Battle of Bir el Chleta, Battle of Bir el Haiad, Battle of Ed Dedu, Battle of Point 204, Battle of Sidi Rezegh, Battle of Sollum, Battle of Zaafran, Battle of the Gazala Line, Breakout from Tobruk, Point 204, Sidi Rezegh, Sidi Rezegh 1941.