163 relations: Aix-en-Provence, Alexander Patch, Allies of World War II, Alps, Antony Beevor, Army Group G, Arthur R. Wilson, Artillery battery, Aubagne, Île du Levant, Îles d'Hyères, Balkans, Barjols, Battle of Anzio, Battle of France, Battle of La Ciotat, Battle of Port Cros, Belfort, Belfort Gap, Bernard Montgomery, Bourg-en-Bresse, Brignoles, Burgundy, Case Anton, Cavalaire-sur-Mer, Charles de Gaulle, Chester Wilmot, Chief of Staff of the United States Army, Cold War, Combined Chiefs of Staff, Commando, Consolidated B-24 Liberator, Corsica, Cruiser, Digne-les-Bains, Dijon, Dornier Do 217, Draguignan, Eastern Front (World War II), Edgard de Larminat, Escort carrier, European theatre of World War II, Falaise Pocket, Ferdinand Neuling, First Special Service Force, Franklin D. Roosevelt, French battleship Provence, French colonial empire, French Forces of the Interior, French Resistance, ..., French Riviera, Friedrich Wiese, Général, General (United States), George Marshall, George S. Patton, German Army (Wehrmacht), Germany and the Second World War, Grenoble, Henry Kent Hewitt, Henschel Hs 293, HMS Ramillies (07), Hyères, Invasion of Normandy, Italian Campaign (World War II), Jacob L. Devers, Jean de Lattre de Tassigny, Johannes Blaskowitz, John E. Dahlquist, John K. Cannon, Joseph de Goislard de Monsabert, Joseph Stalin, Kampfgeschwader 100, Kriegsmarine, Kurt von der Chevallerie, Land mine, Landing Craft Infantry, Landing Ship, Tank, Le Muy, Les Arcs, Var, Loire, Lucian Truscott, Luftwaffe, Lyon, Major general, Maquis (World War II), Maquis du Vercors, Marboz, Marseille, Mediterranean Allied Air Forces, Mediterranean and Middle East theatre of World War II, Meximieux, Milice, Military History Research Office (Germany), Mission Dove, Montélimar, Motorized infantry, Naval gunfire support, Nazi Germany, Normandy landings, Oberkommando der Wehrmacht, Office of Strategic Services, Operation Cobra, Operation Overlord, Operation Romeo, Operation Sledgehammer, Operation Span (deception plan), Oradour-sur-Glane, Oradour-sur-Glane massacre, Ostlegionen, Philippe Pétain, Port-Cros, Provisional Government of the French Republic, Puy, Red Army, Rhône, Saint-Raphaël, Var, Saint-Tropez, Sardinia, Sens, Seventh United States Army, Sicherheitsdienst, Sigmaringen, Sixth United States Army Group, Southern France, Squadron (army), Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force, Task Force 88 (United States Navy), Tehran Conference, Toulon, Tulle, Tulle massacre, Ultra, United States Army Center of Military History, United States Army Central, United States Army Europe, United States Eighth Fleet, USS Arkansas (BB-33), USS Nevada (BB-36), USS Texas (BB-35), Var (department), VI Corps (United States), Vichy France, Volksdeutsche, Vosges, Wehrmacht, Wend von Wietersheim, Winston Churchill, World War II, 11th Panzer Division (Wehrmacht), 148th Reserve Division (Wehrmacht), 19th Army (Wehrmacht), 1st Airborne Task Force (Allied), 1st Army (France), 20 July plot, 242nd Infantry Division (Wehrmacht), 244th Infantry Division (Wehrmacht), 2nd Army Corps (France), 2nd SS Panzer Division Das Reich, 36th Infantry Division (United States), 3rd Infantry Division (United States), 45th Infantry Division (United States), 8th Mountain Division (Wehrmacht). Expand index (113 more) » « Shrink index
Aix-en-Provence (Provençal Occitan: Ais de Provença in classical norm, or Ais de Prouvènço in Mistralian norm,, Aquae Sextiae), or simply Aix (medieval Occitan Aics), is a city-commune in the south of France, about north of Marseille.
General Alexander McCarrell "Sandy" Patch (November 23, 1889 – November 21, 1945) was a senior United States Army officer, who fought in both World War I and World War II.
The Allies of World War II, called the United Nations from the 1 January 1942 declaration, were the countries that together opposed the Axis powers during the Second World War (1939–1945).
The Alps (Alpes; Alpen; Alpi; Alps; Alpe) are the highest and most extensive mountain range system that lies entirely in Europe,The Caucasus Mountains are higher, and the Urals longer, but both lie partly in Asia.
Sir Antony James Beevor, (born 14 December 1946) is an English military historian.
The German Army Group G (Heeresgruppe G) fought on the Western Front of World War II and was a component of OB West.
Arthur Riehl Wilson (July 18, 1894 - August 11, 1956) was a general in the United States Army during World War II.
In military organizations, an artillery battery is a unit of artillery, mortars, rocket artillery, multiple rocket launchers, surface to surface missiles, ballistic missiles, cruise missiles etc, so grouped to facilitate better battlefield communication and command and control, as well as to provide dispersion for its constituent gunnery crews and their systems.
Aubagne (Aubanha in Occitan according to the classic norm or Aubagno according to the Mistralian norm) is a commune in the Bouches-du-Rhône department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region of southern France.
Île du Levant, sometimes referred to as Le Levant, is a French island in the Mediterranean off the coast of the Riviera, near Toulon.
The Îles d'Hyères (or Îles d'Or) are a group of four Mediterranean islands off Hyères in the Var département of south-east France.
The Balkans, or the Balkan Peninsula, is a geographic area in southeastern Europe with various and disputed definitions.
Barjols is a commune in the Var department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region in southeastern France.
The Battle of Anzio was a battle of the Italian Campaign of World War II that took place from January 22, 1944 (beginning with the Allied amphibious landing known as Operation Shingle) to June 5, 1944 (ending with the capture of Rome).
The Battle of France, also known as the Fall of France, was the German invasion of France and the Low Countries during the Second World War.
The Battle of La Ciotat was a naval engagement in August 1944 during World War II as part of Operation Dragoon.
The Battle of Port Cros was a battle of World War II fought off the French Riviera in the Mediterranean Sea on the island of Port-Cros.
Belfort is a city in northeastern France in the Bourgogne-Franche-Comté région, situated between Lyon and Strasbourg.
The Belfort Gap (Trouée de Belfort) or Burgundian Gate (Burgundische Pforte) is a plateau located between the northern rim of the Jura Mountains and the southernmost part of the Vosges in France.
Field Marshal Bernard Law Montgomery, 1st Viscount Montgomery of Alamein, (17 November 1887 – 24 March 1976), nicknamed "Monty" and "The Spartan General", was a senior British Army officer who fought in both the First World War and the Second World War.
Bourg-en-Bresse (Bôrg in Arpitan language) is a commune in eastern France, capital of the Ain department, and the capital of the ancient province of Bresse (Arpitan: Brêsse).
Brignoles (Brinhòla) is a commune in the Var département in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region in southern France.
Burgundy (Bourgogne) is a historical territory and a former administrative region of France.
Operation Anton, or Fall Anton, in German, was the codename for the military occupation of Vichy France carried out by Germany and Italy in November 1942.
Cavalaire-sur-Mer is a commune in the Var department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region in southeastern France.
Charles André Joseph Marie de Gaulle (22 November 1890 – 9 November 1970) was a French general and statesman who led the French Resistance against Nazi Germany in World War II and chaired the Provisional Government of the French Republic from 1944 to 1946 in order to reestablish democracy in France.
Reginald William Winchester Wilmot (21 June 1911 – 10 January 1954) was an Australian war correspondent who reported for the BBC and the Australian Broadcasting Corporation during the Second World War.
The Chief of Staff of the Army (CSA) is a statutory office held by a four-star general in the United States Army.
The Cold War was a state of geopolitical tension after World War II between powers in the Eastern Bloc (the Soviet Union and its satellite states) and powers in the Western Bloc (the United States, its NATO allies and others).
The Combined Chiefs of Staff (CCS) was the supreme military staff for the United States and Great Britain during World War II.
A commando is a soldier or operative of an elite light infantry or special operations force often specializing in amphibious landings, parachuting or abseiling.
The Consolidated B-24 Liberator is an American heavy bomber, designed by Consolidated Aircraft of San Diego, California.
Corsica (Corse; Corsica in Corsican and Italian, pronounced and respectively) is an island in the Mediterranean Sea and one of the 18 regions of France.
A cruiser is a type of warship.
Digne-les-Bains, or simply and historically Digne (Occitan: Dinha (dei Banhs) in classical norm or Digno in Mistralian norm), is a commune of France, capital of the Alpes-de-Haute-Provence department, and situated in the region of Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur.
Dijon is a city in eastern:France, capital of the Côte-d'Or département and of the Bourgogne-Franche-Comté region.
The Dornier Do 217 was a bomber used by the German Luftwaffe during World War II as a more powerful development of the Dornier Do 17, known as the Fliegender Bleistift (German: "flying pencil").
Draguignan (Draguinhan) is a commune in the Var department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region, in southeastern France.
The Eastern Front of World War II was a theatre of conflict between the European Axis powers and co-belligerent Finland against the Soviet Union, Poland and other Allies, which encompassed Central Europe, Eastern Europe, Northeast Europe (Baltics), and Southeast Europe (Balkans) from 22 June 1941 to 9 May 1945.
Edgard de Larminat (29 November 1895 – 1 July 1962) was a French general, who fought in two World Wars.
The escort carrier or escort aircraft carrier (US hull classification symbol CVE), also called a "jeep carrier" or "baby flattop" in the United States Navy (USN) or "Woolworth Carrier" by the Royal Navy, was a small and slow type of aircraft carrier used by the Royal Navy, the Imperial Japanese Navy and Imperial Japanese Army Air Force, and the United States Navy in World War II.
The European theatre of World War II, also known as the Second European War, was a huge area of heavy fighting across Europe, from Germany's and the Soviet Union's joint invasion of Poland in September 1939 until the end of the war with the Soviet Union conquering most of Eastern Europe along with the German unconditional surrender on 8 May 1945 (Victory in Europe Day).
The Falaise Pocket or Battle of the Falaise Pocket (12 – 21 August 1944) was the decisive engagement of the Battle of Normandy in the Second World War.
Ferdinand Neuling (22 August 1885 – 20 February 1960) was a general of the Heer during World War II.
The 1st Special Service Force (also called The Devil's Brigade, The Black Devils, The Black Devils' Brigade, and Freddie's Freighters), was an elite American-Canadian commando unit in World War II, under command of the United States Fifth Army.
Franklin Delano Roosevelt Sr. (January 30, 1882 – April 12, 1945), often referred to by his initials FDR, was an American statesman and political leader who served as the 32nd President of the United States from 1933 until his death in 1945.
Provence was a battleship of the French Navy built in the 1910s, named in honor of the French region of Provence.
The French colonial empire constituted the overseas colonies, protectorates and mandate territories that came under French rule from the 16th century onward.
The French Forces of the Interior (Forces Françaises de l'Intérieur) refers to French resistance fighters in the later stages of World War II.
The French Resistance (La Résistance) was the collection of French movements that fought against the Nazi German occupation of France and against the collaborationist Vichy régime during the Second World War.
The French Riviera (known in French as the Côte d'Azur,; Còsta d'Azur; literal translation "Coast of Azure") is the Mediterranean coastline of the southeast corner of France.
Friedrich Wiese (5 December 1892 – 13 February 1975) was a German general in the Wehrmacht who commanded the 19th Army.
Général is the French word for general.
In the United States Army, United States Marine Corps, and United States Air Force, general (abbreviated as GEN in the Army or Gen in the Air Force and Marine Corps) is a four-star general officer rank, with the pay grade of O-10.
George Catlett Marshall Jr. (December 31, 1880 – October 16, 1959) was an American statesman and soldier.
General George Smith Patton Jr. (November 11, 1885 – December 21, 1945) was a senior officer of the United States Army who commanded the U.S. Seventh Army in the Mediterranean theater of World War II, but is best known for his leadership of the U.S. Third Army in France and Germany following the Allied invasion of Normandy in June 1944.
The German Army (Heer) was the land forces component of the Wehrmacht, the regular German Armed Forces, from 1935 until it was demobilized and later dissolved in August 1946.
Germany and the Second World War (Das Deutsche Reich und der Zweite Weltkrieg) is a 12,000-page, 13-volume work published by the Deutsche Verlags-Anstalt (DVA), that has taken academics from the military history centre of the German armed forces 30 years to finish.
Grenoble is a city in southeastern France, at the foot of the French Alps where the river Drac joins the Isère.
Henry Kent Hewitt (February 11, 1887 – September 15, 1972) was the United States Navy commander of amphibious operations in north Africa and southern Europe through World War II.
The Henschel Hs 293 was a World War II German anti-ship guided missile: a radio controlled glide bomb with a rocket engine slung underneath it.
HMS Ramillies (pennant number: 07) was one of five s built for the Royal Navy during World War I. She was completed after the Battle of Jutland in 1916 and saw no combat during the war.
Hyères, Provençal Occitan: Ieras in classical norm, or Iero in Mistralian norm) is a commune in the Var department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region in southeastern France. The old town lies from the sea clustered around the Castle of Saint Bernard, which is set on a hill. Between the old town and the sea lies the pine-covered hill of Costebelle, which overlooks the peninsula of Giens. Hyères is the oldest resort on the French Riviera.
The Western Allies of World War II launched the largest amphibious invasion in history when they assaulted Normandy, located on the northern coast of France, on 6 June 1944.
The Italian Campaign of World War II consisted of the Allied operations in and around Italy, from 1943 to the end of the war in Europe.
Jacob Loucks Devers (8 September 1887 – 15 October 1979) was a general in the United States Army who commanded the 6th Army Group in the European Theater during World War II.
Jean Joseph Marie Gabriel de Lattre de Tassigny, GCB, MC (2 February 1889 – 11 January 1952) was a French military commander in World War II and the First Indochina War.
Johannes Blaskowitz (10 July 1883 – 5 February 1948) was a German general during World War II and recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords.
General John Ernest Dahlquist (March 12, 1896 – July 30, 1975) was a senior United States Army officer.
General John Kenneth Cannon (March 2, 1892 – January 12, 1955) was a World War II Mediterranean combat commander and former chief of United States Air Forces in Europe for whom Cannon Air Force Base, Clovis, New Mexico, is named.
Joseph Jean de Goislard de Monsabert (Libourne 30 September 1887 – Dax, 13 June 1981), was a French general who served during the Second World War.
Joseph Vissarionovich Stalin (18 December 1878 – 5 March 1953) was a Soviet revolutionary and politician of Georgian nationality.
Kampfgeschwader 100 (KG 100) was a Luftwaffe medium and heavy bomber wing of World War II, and the first military aviation unit to use an unpowered precision-guided munition in combat to sink a warship on 9 September 1943 with the destruction of the, in the first successful use of the Fritz X armor-piercing, gravity PGM ordnance.
The Kriegsmarine (literally "War Navy") was the navy of Germany from 1935 to 1945.
Kurt von der Chevallerie (23 December 1891 – missing as of 18 April 1945) was a German general in the Wehrmacht during World War II who commanded the German 1st Army.
A land mine is an explosive device concealed under or on the ground and designed to destroy or disable enemy targets, ranging from combatants to vehicles and tanks, as they pass over or near it.
The Landing Craft Infantry (LCI) were several classes of seagoing amphibious assault ships of the Second World War used to land large numbers of infantry directly onto beaches.
Landing Ship, Tank (LST), or tank landing ship, is the naval designation for ships built during World War II to support amphibious operations by carrying tanks, vehicles, cargo, and landing troops directly onto shore with no docks or piers.
Le Muy is a commune in the Var department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region in southeastern France.
Les Arcs (also known as Les Arcs-sur-Argens) is a commune in the Var department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region in southeastern France.
The Loire (Léger; Liger) is the longest river in France and the 171st longest in the world.
General Lucian King Truscott Jr. (January 9, 1895 – September 12, 1965) was a highly decorated senior United States Army officer, who saw distinguished active service during World War II.
The Luftwaffe was the aerial warfare branch of the combined German Wehrmacht military forces during World War II.
Lyon (Liyon), is the third-largest city and second-largest urban area of France.
Major general (abbreviated MG, Maj. Gen. and similar) is a military rank used in many countries.
The Maquis were rural guerrilla bands of French Resistance fighters, called maquisards, during the Occupation of France in World War II.
The Maquis du Vercors was a rural group of the French Forces of the Interior resistance (maquis) that fought the 1940–1944 German occupation of France in World War II.
Marboz is a commune in the Ain department in eastern France.
Marseille (Provençal: Marselha), is the second-largest city of France and the largest city of the Provence historical region.
The Mediterranean Allied Air Forces (MAAF) was the major Allied air force command organization in the Mediterranean theater from mid-December 1943 until the end of the Second World War.
The Mediterranean and Middle East Theatre was a major theatre of operations during the Second World War.
Meximieux is a commune in the Ain department in eastern France.
The Milice française (French Militia), generally called the Milice, was a political paramilitary organization created on 30 January 1943 by the Vichy regime (with German aid) to help fight against the French Resistance during World War II.
The Military History Research Office (Militärgeschichtliches Forschungsamt, MGFA) is an office of the Bundeswehr located at Potsdam, Germany.
In World War II, Mission Dove (Allies, 1944) was the glider-borne assault conducted as part of the invasion of southern France (Operation Dragoon) on 15 August 1944.
Montélimar (Montelaimar; Acumum) is a commune in the Drôme department in southeastern France.
In NATO and most other western countries, motorized infantry is infantry that is transported by trucks or other un-protected motor vehicles.
Naval gunfire support (NGFS) (also known as shore bombardment) is the use of naval artillery to provide fire support for amphibious assault and other troops operating within their range.
Nazi Germany is the common English name for the period in German history from 1933 to 1945, when Germany was under the dictatorship of Adolf Hitler through the Nazi Party (NSDAP).
The Normandy landings were the landing operations on Tuesday, 6 June 1944 of the Allied invasion of Normandy in Operation Overlord during World War II.
The Oberkommando der Wehrmacht (OKW, "High Command of the Armed Forces") was the High Command of the Wehrmacht (armed forces) of Nazi Germany during World War II.
The Office of Strategic Services (OSS) was a wartime intelligence agency of the United States during World War II, and a predecessor of the modern Central Intelligence Agency (CIA).
Operation Cobra was the codename for an offensive launched by the First United States Army (Lieutenant General Omar Bradley) seven weeks after the D-Day landings, during the Normandy Campaign of World War II.
Operation Overlord was the codename for the Battle of Normandy, the Allied operation that launched the successful invasion of German-occupied Western Europe during World War II.
Operation Romeo was a French World War II commando operation to disable German artillery atop the cliffs of Cap Nègre.
Operation Sledgehammer was a World War II Allied plan for a cross-Channel invasion of Europe, as the first step in helping to reduce pressure on the Soviet Red Army by establishing a Second Front.
During World War II, Operation Span was an Allied deception operation in support of the 1944 landings in southern France.
Oradour-sur-Glane (Orador de Glana) is a commune in the Haute-Vienne department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region in west-central France, and the name of main village within the commune.
On 10 June 1944, the village of Oradour-sur-Glane in Haute-Vienne in Nazi-occupied France was destroyed, when 642 of its inhabitants, including women and children, were massacred by a German Waffen-SS company.
Ostlegionen ("eastern legions"), Ost-Bataillone ("eastern battalions"), Osttruppen ("eastern troops"), Osteinheiten ("eastern units") were military units in the Heer (army) of Nazi Germany, during World War II that were made up of personnel from countries comprising the Soviet Union.
Henri Philippe Benoni Omer Joseph Pétain (24 April 1856 – 23 July 1951), generally known as Philippe Pétain or Marshal Pétain (Maréchal Pétain), was a French general officer who attained the position of Marshal of France at the end of World War I, during which he became known as The Lion of Verdun, and in World War II served as the Chief of State of Vichy France from 1940 to 1944.
Port-Cros is a French island in the Mediterranean island group known as the Îles d'Hyères.
The Provisional Government of the French Republic (gouvernement provisoire de la République française or GPRF) was an interim government of Free France between 1944 and 1946 following the liberation of continental France after Operations ''Overlord'' and ''Dragoon'', and lasted until the establishment of the French Fourth Republic.
Puy is a geological term used locally in the Auvergne, France for a volcanic hill.
The Workers' and Peasants' Red Army (Рабоче-крестьянская Красная армия (РККА), Raboche-krest'yanskaya Krasnaya armiya (RKKA), frequently shortened in Russian to Красная aрмия (КА), Krasnaya armiya (KA), in English: Red Army, also in critical literature and folklore of that epoch – Red Horde, Army of Work) was the army and the air force of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, and, after 1922, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics.
The Rhône (Le Rhône; Rhone; Walliser German: Rotten; Rodano; Rôno; Ròse) is one of the major rivers of Europe and has twice the average discharge of the Loire (which is the longest French river), rising in the Rhône Glacier in the Swiss Alps at the far eastern end of the Swiss canton of Valais, passing through Lake Geneva and running through southeastern France.
Saint-Raphaël (Sant Rafèu) is a commune in the Var department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region in southeastern France.
Saint-Tropez (Sant-Troupès in Provençal dialect) is a town on the French Riviera, west of Nice in the Var department of the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region of southeastern France.
Sens is a commune in the Yonne department in Bourgogne-Franche-Comté in north-central France, 120 km from Paris.
The Seventh Army was a United States army created during World War II that evolved into the United States Army Europe (USAREUR) during the 1950s and 1960s.
Sicherheitsdienst (Security Service), full title Sicherheitsdienst des Reichsführers-SS (Security Service of the Reichsführer-SS), or SD, was the intelligence agency of the SS and the Nazi Party in Nazi Germany.
Sigmaringen is a town in southern Germany, in the state of Baden-Württemberg.
The Sixth United States Army Group was an Allied Army Group that fought in the European Theater of Operations during World War II.
Southern France or the South of France, colloquially known as le Midi, is a defined geographical area consisting of the regions of France that border the Atlantic Ocean south of the Marais Poitevin, Spain, the Mediterranean, and Italy.
A squadron was historically a cavalry subunit, a company sized military formation.
Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force (SHAEF) was the headquarters of the Commander of Allied forces in north west Europe, from late 1943 until the end of World War II.
Task Force 88 (TF88) was the escort carrier force, commanded by Rear-Admiral T H Troubridge, that supported Operation Dragoon, the allied invasion of southern France.
The Tehran Conference (codenamed Eureka) was a strategy meeting of Joseph Stalin, Franklin D. Roosevelt, and Winston Churchill from 28 November to 1 December 1943, after the Anglo-Soviet Invasion of Iran.
Toulon (Provençal: Tolon (classical norm), Touloun (Mistralian norm)) is a city in southern France and a large military harbour on the Mediterranean coast, with a major French naval base.
Tulle is a commune in central France.
The Tulle massacre refers to the roundup and summary execution of civilians in the French town of Tulle by the 2nd SS Panzer Division ''Das Reich'' in June 1944, three days after the D-Day landings in World War II.
Ultra was the designation adopted by British military intelligence in June 1941 for wartime signals intelligence obtained by breaking high-level encrypted enemy radio and teleprinter communications at the Government Code and Cypher School (GC&CS) at Bletchley Park.
The United States Army Center of Military History (CMH) is a directorate within the Office of the Administrative Assistant to the Secretary of the Army.
The United States Army Central, formerly the Third United States Army, commonly referred to as the Third Army and as ARCENT is a military formation of the United States Army, which saw service in World War I and World War II, in the 1991 Gulf War, and in the coalition occupation of Iraq.
United States Army Europe (USAREUR), formally United States Army Europe and Seventh Army, is an Army Service Component Command of the United States Army.
The United States Eighth Fleet was a fleet of the United States Navy established 15 March 1943 from Northwest African Force.
USS Arkansas (BB-33) was a dreadnought battleship, the second member of the, built by the United States Navy.
USS Nevada (BB-36), the second United States Navy ship to be named after the 36th state, was the lead ship of the two s. Launched in 1914, Nevada was a leap forward in dreadnought technology; four of her new features would be included on almost every subsequent US battleship: triple gun turrets, oil in place of coal for fuel, geared steam turbines for greater range, and the "all or nothing" armor principle.
USS Texas (BB-35), the second ship of the United States Navy named in honor of the U.S. state of Texas, is a. The ship was launched on 18 May 1912 and commissioned on 12 March 1914.
The Var is a department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region in Provence in southeastern France.
The VI Corps was activated as VI Army Corps in August 1918 at Neufchâteau, France, serving in the Lorraine Campaign.
Vichy France (Régime de Vichy) is the common name of the French State (État français) headed by Marshal Philippe Pétain during World War II.
In Nazi German terminology, Volksdeutsche were "Germans in regard to people or race" (Ethnic Germans), regardless of citizenship.
The Vosges (or; Vogesen), also called the Vosges Mountains, are a range of low mountains in eastern France, near its border with Germany.
The Wehrmacht (lit. "defence force")From wehren, "to defend" and Macht., "power, force".
Wend von Wietersheim (18 April 1900 – 19 September 1975) was a German general in the Wehrmacht during World War II.
Sir Winston Leonard Spencer-Churchill (30 November 187424 January 1965) was a British politician, army officer, and writer, who was Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1940 to 1945 and again from 1951 to 1955.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
The 11th Panzer Division (11th Tank Division) was an armoured division in the German Army, the Wehrmacht, during World War II, established in 1940.
The German 148th Reserve Division (German: 148. Reserve-Division) was a German reserve infantry formation during the Second World War.
The 19th Army (German: 19. Armee) was a World War II field army of the German Army.
The 1st Airborne Task Force was a short-lived Allied airborne unit that was active during World War II created for Operation ''Dragoon''–the invasion of Southern France.
The First Army (1re Armée) was a field army of France that fought during World War I and World War II.
On 20 July 1944, Claus von Stauffenberg and other conspirators attempted to assassinate Adolf Hitler, Führer of Nazi Germany, inside his Wolf's Lair field headquarters near Rastenburg, East Prussia.
The 242nd Infantry Division was a division of the German Army in World War II.
The 244th Infantry Division was a division of the German Army in World War II.
The 2nd Army Corps (e Corps d'Armée) was first formed before World War I. During World War II it fought in the Campaign for France in 1940 and during the 1944–45 campaigns in southern France, the Vosges Mountains, Alsace, and southwestern Germany.
The 2nd SS Panzer Division "Das Reich" (2. SS-Panzerdivision "Das Reich".) was one of 38 divisions of the Waffen-SS of Nazi Germany during World War II.
The 36th Infantry Division ("Arrowhead"), also known as the "Panther Division" or "Lone Star Division,", history.army.mil, last updated 20 May 2011, last accessed 23 January 2017 is an infantry division of the United States Army and part of the Texas Army National Guard.
The 3rd Infantry Division (nicknamed "The Rock of the Marne)" is an Infantry division of the United States Army based at Fort Stewart, Georgia.
The 45th Infantry Division was an infantry division of the United States Army, part of the Oklahoma Army National Guard, from 1920 to 1968.
The 8th Mountain Division (8.) was formed on 27 February 1945 by the redesignation of the 157th Mountain Division, which itself had been formed from the 157th Infantry Division in September 1944, and which had participated in operations against the ''maquis'' of Vercors.