129 relations: Alfred Cecil Herring, Allies of World War I, American Expeditionary Forces, Amiens, Army Group German Crown Prince (German Empire), Army Group Rupprecht of Bavaria, Artemps, Avre (Somme), Barrage (artillery), Battle of Arras (1917), Battle of Cambrai (1917), Battle of Jugla, Battle of Messines (1917), Battle of Passchendaele, Battle of the Lys (1918), Battle of the Somme, Battle of Vimy Ridge, Bedfordshire and Hertfordshire Regiment, Berlancourt, Aisne, British Army during World War I, British Expeditionary Force (World War I), Bullecourt, Caillouël-Crépigny, Canadian Corps, Canal de Saint-Quentin, Champagne, Channel Ports, Chlorine, Cugny, David Lloyd George, Defence in depth, Douglas Haig, 1st Earl Haig, Doullens Conference, Dugout (shelter), Dury, Somme, Eastern Front (World War I), Erich Ludendorff, Essigny-le-Grand, Ferdinand Foch, Field marshal (United Kingdom), Fifth Army (United Kingdom), First Battle of Villers-Bretonneux, Flesquières, France, French Army in World War I, French Third Republic, General (United Kingdom), Georg Bruchmüller, Georg von der Marwitz, German Army (German Empire), ..., German General Staff, Golancourt, Guiscard, Ham, Somme, Happencourt, Hauts-de-France, Hertfordshire Regiment, Hindenburg Line, History of the Great War, History of the United Kingdom during the First World War, Hubert Gough, Hundred Days Offensive, Infiltration tactics, Ivor Maxse, Journey's End, Julian Byng, 1st Viscount Byng of Vimy, Jussy, Aisne, Kitchener's Army, La Fère, Medium Mark A Whippet, Military history of Australia during World War I, Military history of New Zealand during World War I, Minister of Munitions, New Zealand Division, No. 46 Squadron RAF, Noyon, Nurlu, Oberste Heeresleitung, Offensive (military), Oise (river), Ollezy, Operation Alberich, Oskar von Hutier, Otto von Below, Pithon, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, R. C. Sherriff, Reserve Army (United Kingdom), Ronssoy, Royal Flying Corps, Royal Irish Fusiliers, Roye, Somme, Saint-Quentin, Aisne, Scorched earth, Second Battle of the Somme (1918), Second Battle of Villers-Bretonneux, Seraucourt-le-Grand, Sir Henry Wilson, 1st Baronet, Somme (river), Sommette-Eaucourt, Spring Offensive, Standing army, Stormtrooper, Sulfur mustard, Tear gas, Tergnier, Territorial Force, Third Army (United Kingdom), Treaty of Brest-Litovsk, Verdun, Victoria Cross, Villers-Bretonneux, Villeselve, Western Front (World War I), Wilfrith Elstob, Winged Victory (novel), Winston Churchill, World War I, XVIII Corps (United Kingdom), 107th (Ulster) Brigade, 14th (Light) Division, 17th Army (German Empire), 18th (Eastern) Division, 18th Army (German Empire), 2nd Army (German Empire), 51st (Highland) Division, 61st (2nd South Midland) Division, 7th Army (German Empire), 9th (Scottish) Division. Expand index (79 more) » « Shrink index
Major Alfred Cecil Herring (26 October 1888 – 10 August 1966) was an English recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.
The Allies of World War I, or Entente Powers, were the countries that opposed the Central Powers in the First World War.
The American Expeditionary Forces (A. E. F., A.E.F. or AEF) was a formation of the United States Army on the Western Front of World War I. The AEF was established on July 5, 1917, in France under the command of Gen.
Amiens is a city and commune in northern France, north of Paris and south-west of Lille.
The Army Group German Crown Prince or Army Group B (German: Heeresgruppe Deutscher Kronprinz) was an Army Group of the German Army, which operated on the Western Front under command of Wilhelm, German Crown Prince, between 1 August 1915 and 11 November 1918 during World War I.
The Army Group Rupprecht of Bavaria or Army Group A (German: Heeresgruppe Kronprinz Rupprecht von Bayern) was an Army Group of the German Army, which operated on the Western Front under command of Rupprecht, Crown Prince of Bavaria, between 28 August 1916 and 11 November 1918 during World War I. It was formed from the short-lived Army Group Gallwitz under Max von Gallwitz (19 July - 28 August 1916).
Artemps is a commune in the department of Aisne in the Hauts-de-France region of northern France.
The Avre is a river in Picardie and is the principal tributary, from the left side, of the Somme.
A barrage is massed artillery fire aimed at points, typically apart, along one or more lines that can be from a few hundred to several thousand yards long.
The Battle of Arras (also known as the Second Battle of Arras) was a British offensive on the Western Front during World War I. From 9 April to 16 May 1917, British troops attacked German defences near the French city of Arras on the Western Front.
The Battle of Cambrai (Battle of Cambrai, 1917, First Battle of Cambrai and Schlacht von Cambrai) was a British attack followed by the biggest German counter-attack against the British Expeditionary Force (BEF) since 1914, in the First World War.
The Battle of Jugla was a defensive battle of the Russian Republic's 12th Army of the First World War from 1 to 3 September 1917.
The Battle of Messines was conducted by the British Second Army (General Sir Herbert Plumer), on the Western Front near the village of Messines in West Flanders, Belgium, during the First World War.
The Battle of Passchendaele (Flandernschlacht, Deuxième Bataille des Flandres), also known as the Third Battle of Ypres, was a campaign of the First World War, fought by the Allies against the German Empire.
The Battle of the Lys, also known as the Lys Offensive, the Fourth Battle of Ypres, the Fourth Battle of Flanders and Operation Georgette (Batalha de La Lys and 3ème Bataille des Flandres), was part of the 1918 German offensive in Flanders during World War I, also known as the Spring Offensive.
The Battle of the Somme (Bataille de la Somme, Schlacht an der Somme), also known as the Somme Offensive, was a battle of the First World War fought by the armies of the British Empire and France against the German Empire.
The Battle of Vimy Ridge was part of the Battle of Arras, in the Nord-Pas-de-Calais region of France, during the First World War.
The Bedfordshire and Hertfordshire Regiment was the final title of a line infantry regiment of the British Army that was originally formed in 1688.
Berlancourt is a commune in the department of Aisne in Hauts-de-France in northern France.
The British Army during World War I fought the largest and most costly war in its long history.
The British Expeditionary Force (BEF) was the British Army sent to the Western Front during the First World War.
Bullecourt is a commune in the Pas-de-Calais department in the Hauts-de-France region in France.
Caillouël-Crépigny is a commune in the Aisne department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.
The Canadian Corps was a World War I corps formed from the Canadian Expeditionary Force in September 1915 after the arrival of the 2nd Canadian Division in France.
The Canal de Saint-Quentin is a canal in northern France connecting the canalised Escaut River in Cambrai to the Canal latéral à l'Oise and Canal de l'Oise à l'Aisne in Chauny.
Champagne is sparkling wine or, in EU countries, legally only that sparkling wine which comes from the Champagne region of France.
The Channel Ports are seaports in southern England and the facing continent, which allow for short crossings of the English Channel.
Chlorine is a chemical element with symbol Cl and atomic number 17.
Cugny is a commune in the Aisne department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.
David Lloyd George, 1st Earl Lloyd-George of Dwyfor, (17 January 1863 – 26 March 1945) was a British statesman of the Liberal Party and the final Liberal to serve as Prime Minister.
Defence in depth (also known as deep or elastic defence) is a military strategy that seeks to delay rather than prevent the advance of an attacker, buying time and causing additional casualties by yielding space.
Field Marshal Douglas Haig, 1st Earl Haig, (19 June 1861 – 29 January 1928), was a senior officer of the British Army.
The Doullens Conference was held in Doullens, France on March 26, 1918 between French and British military leaders.
A dugout or dug-out, also known as a pit-house, earth lodge, is a shelter for humans or domesticated animals and livestock based on a hole or depression dug into the ground.
Dury is a commune in the Somme department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.
The Eastern Front or Eastern Theater of World War I (Восточный фронт, Vostochnıy front, sometimes called the Second Fatherland War or Second Patriotic War (Вторая Отечественная война, Vtoraya Otechestvennaya voyna) in Russian sources) was a theatre of operations that encompassed at its greatest extent the entire frontier between the Russian Empire and Romania on one side and the Austro-Hungarian Empire, Bulgaria, the Ottoman Empire and the German Empire on the other. It stretched from the Baltic Sea in the north to the Black Sea in the south, included most of Eastern Europe and stretched deep into Central Europe as well. The term contrasts with "Western Front", which was being fought in Belgium and France. During 1910, Russian General Yuri Danilov developed "Plan 19" under which four armies would invade East Prussia. This plan was criticised as Austria-Hungary could be a greater threat than the German Empire. So instead of four armies invading East Prussia, the Russians planned to send two armies to East Prussia, and two Armies to defend against Austro-Hungarian forces invading from Galicia. In the opening months of the war, the Imperial Russian Army attempted an invasion of eastern Prussia in the northwestern theater, only to be beaten back by the Germans after some initial success. At the same time, in the south, they successfully invaded Galicia, defeating the Austro-Hungarian forces there. In Russian Poland, the Germans failed to take Warsaw. But by 1915, the German and Austro-Hungarian armies were on the advance, dealing the Russians heavy casualties in Galicia and in Poland, forcing it to retreat. Grand Duke Nicholas was sacked from his position as the commander-in-chief and replaced by the Tsar himself. Several offensives against the Germans in 1916 failed, including Lake Naroch Offensive and the Baranovichi Offensive. However, General Aleksei Brusilov oversaw a highly successful operation against Austria-Hungary that became known as the Brusilov Offensive, which saw the Russian Army make large gains. The Kingdom of Romania entered the war in August 1916. The Entente promised the region of Transylvania (which was part of Austria-Hungary) in return for Romanian support. The Romanian Army invaded Transylvania and had initial successes, but was forced to stop and was pushed back by the Germans and Austro-Hungarians when Bulgaria attacked them in the south. Meanwhile, a revolution occurred in Russia in February 1917 (one of the several causes being the hardships of the war). Tsar Nicholas II was forced to abdicate and a Russian Provisional Government was founded, with Georgy Lvov as its first leader, who was eventually replaced by Alexander Kerensky. The newly formed Russian Republic continued to fight the war alongside Romania and the rest of the Entente until it was overthrown by the Bolsheviks in October 1917. Kerensky oversaw the July Offensive, which was largely a failure and caused a collapse in the Russian Army. The new government established by the Bolsheviks signed the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk with the Central Powers, taking it out of the war and making large territorial concessions. Romania was also forced to surrender and signed a similar treaty, though both of the treaties were nullified with the surrender of the Central Powers in November 1918.
Erich Friedrich Wilhelm Ludendorff (9 April 1865 – 20 December 1937) was a German general, the victor of the Battle of Liège and the Battle of Tannenberg.
Essigny-le-Grand is a commune in the Aisne department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.
Marshal Ferdinand Jean Marie Foch (2 October 1851 – 20 March 1929) was a French general and military theorist who served as the Supreme Allied Commander during the First World War.
Field Marshal has been the highest rank in the British Army since 1736.
The Fifth Army was a field army of the British Army during World War I that formed part of the British Expeditionary Force on the Western Front between 1916 and 1918.
The First Battle of Villers-Bretonneux (30 March – 5 April 1918), took place during Operation Michael, part of the German Spring Offensive on the Western Front.
Flesquières is a commune in the Nord department in northern France.
France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.
This article is about the French Army in World War I. During World War I, France was one of the Triple Entente powers allied against the Central Powers.
The French Third Republic (La Troisième République, sometimes written as La IIIe République) was the system of government adopted in France from 1870 when the Second French Empire collapsed during the Franco-Prussian War until 1940 when France's defeat by Nazi Germany in World War II led to the formation of the Vichy government in France.
General (or full general to distinguish it from the lower general officer ranks) is the highest rank currently achievable by serving officers of the British Army.
Georg Bruchmüller (11 December 1863 – 26 January 1948), nicknamed Durchbruchmüller, was a German artillery officer who greatly influenced the development of modern artillery tactics.
Johannes Georg von der Marwitz (7 July 1856 – 27 October 1929) was a Prussian cavalry general, who commanded several German armies during the First World War on both the Eastern and Western fronts.
The Imperial German Army (Deutsches Heer) was the name given to the combined land and air forces of the German Empire (excluding the Marine-Fliegerabteilung maritime aviation formations of the Imperial German Navy).
The German General Staff, originally the Prussian General Staff and officially Great General Staff (Großer Generalstab), was a full-time body at the head of the Prussian Army and later, the German Army, responsible for the continuous study of all aspects of war, and for drawing up and reviewing plans for mobilization or campaign.
Golancourt is a commune in the Oise department in northern France.
Guiscard is a commune in the Oise department in northern France.
Ham is a commune in the Somme department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.
Happencourt is a commune in the Aisne department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.
Hauts-de-France (translates to "Upper France" in English; Heuts-d'Franche) is a region of France created by the territorial reform of French Regions in 2014, from a merger of Nord-Pas-de-Calais and Picardy.
The Hertfordshire Regiment was a line infantry regiment of the Territorial Army, part of the British Army.
The Hindenburg Line (Siegfriedstellung or Siegfried Position) was a German defensive position of World War I, built during the winter of 1916–1917 on the Western Front, from Arras to Laffaux, near Soissons on the Aisne.
The History of the Great War Based on Official Documents by Direction of the Committee of Imperial Defence (abbreviated to History of the Great War or British Official History) is a series of concerning the war effort of the British state during the First World War.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland was one of the Allied Powers during the First World War of 1914–1918, fighting against the Central Powers (the German Empire, the Austro-Hungarian Empire, the Ottoman Empire and the Kingdom of Bulgaria).
General Sir Hubert de la Poer Gough (12 August 1870 – 18 March 1963) was a senior officer in the British Army in the First World War.
The Hundred Days Offensive was the final period of the First World War, during which the Allies launched a series of offensives against the Central Powers on the Western Front from 8 August to 11 November 1918, beginning with the Battle of Amiens.
In warfare, infiltration tactics involve small independent light infantry forces advancing into enemy rear areas, bypassing enemy front-line strongpoints, possibly isolating them for attack by follow-up troops with heavier weapons.
General Sir (Frederick) Ivor Maxse (22 December 1862–1958) was a senior British Army officer who fought during the First World War, best known for his innovative and effective training methods.
Journey's End is a 1928 dramatic play, the seventh of English playwright R. C. Sherriff.
Field Marshal Julian Hedworth George Byng, 1st Viscount Byng of Vimy, (11 September 1862 – 6 June 1935) was a British Army officer who served as Governor General of Canada, the 12th since Canadian Confederation.
Jussy is a commune in the Aisne department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.
The New Army, often referred to as Kitchener's Army or, disparagingly, as Kitchener's Mob, was an (initially) all-volunteer army of the British Army formed in the United Kingdom from 1914 onwards following the outbreak of hostilities in the First World War in late July 1914.
La Fère is a commune in the Aisne department in Hauts-de-France in France.
The Medium Mark A Whippet was a British tank of the First World War.
In Australia, the outbreak of World War I was greeted with considerable enthusiasm.
The military history of New Zealand during World War I began in August 1914 when Great Britain declared war on Germany at the start of the First World War, the New Zealand government followed without hesitation, despite its geographic isolation and small population.
The Minister of Munitions was a British government position created during the First World War to oversee and co-ordinate the production and distribution of munitions for the war effort.
The New Zealand Division was an infantry division of the New Zealand Expeditionary Force raised for service in the First World War.
Noyon (Noviomagus Veromanduorum, Noviomagus of the Veromandui) is a commune in the Oise department in northern France.
Nurlu is a commune in the Somme department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.
The Oberste Heeresleitung (Supreme Army Command or OHL) was the highest echelon of command of the army (Heer) of the German Empire.
An offensive is a military operation that seeks through aggressive projection of armed force to occupy territory, gain an objective or achieve some larger strategic, operational, or tactical goal.
The Oise is a river of Belgium and France, flowing for from its source in the Belgian province of Hainaut, south of Chimay.
Ollezy is a commune in the Aisne department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.
Operation Alberich (Unternehmen Alberich) was the code name of a German military operation in France during the First World War.
Oskar Emil von Hutier (27 August 1857 – 5 December 1934) was a German general during the First World War.
Otto Ernst Vincent Leo von Below (18 January 1857 – 15 March 1944) was a Prussian general officer in the Imperial German Army during the First World War.
Pithon is a commune in the Aisne department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.
The Prime Minister of the United Kingdom is the head of the United Kingdom government.
Robert Cedric Sherriff, FSA, FRSL (6 June 1896 – 13 November 1975) was an English writer best known for his play Journey's End, which was based on his experiences as an army officer in the First World War.
The Reserve Army was a field army of the British Army and part of the British Expeditionary Force during the First World War.
Ronssoy is a commune in the Somme department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.
The Royal Flying Corps (RFC) was the air arm of the British Army before and during the First World War, until it merged with the Royal Naval Air Service on 1 April 1918 to form the Royal Air Force.
The Royal Irish Fusiliers (Princess Victoria's) was an Irish line infantry regiment of the British Army, formed by the amalgamation of the 87th (Prince of Wales's Irish) Regiment of Foot and the 89th (Princess Victoria's) Regiment of Foot in 1881.
Roye is a commune in the Somme department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.
Saint-Quentin is a commune in the Aisne department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.
A scorched-earth policy is a military strategy that aims to destroy anything that might be useful to the enemy while it is advancing through or withdrawing from a location.
The Second Battle of the Somme of 1918 was fought during the First World War on the Western Front from late August to early September, in the basin of the River Somme.
The Second Battle of Villers-Bretonneux (also Actions of Villers-Bretonneux, after the First Battles of the Somme, 1918) took place from 24 to 25 April 1918, during the German Spring Offensive, against the Allied lines to the east of Amiens.
Seraucourt-le-Grand is a commune in the Aisne department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.
Field Marshal Sir Henry Hughes Wilson, 1st Baronet, (5 May 1864 – 22 June 1922) was one of the most senior British Army staff officers of the First World War and was briefly an Irish unionist politician.
The Somme is a river in Picardy, northern France.
Sommette-Eaucourt is a commune in the Aisne department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.
The 1918 Spring Offensive, or Kaiserschlacht (Kaiser's Battle), also known as the Ludendorff Offensive, was a series of German attacks along the Western Front during the First World War, beginning on 21 March 1918, which marked the deepest advances by either side since 1914.
A standing army, unlike a reserve army, is a permanent, often professional, army.
Stormtroopers were specialist soldiers of the German Army in World War I. In the last years of the war, Stoßtruppen ("shock troops" or "thrust troops") were trained to fight with "infiltration tactics", part of the Germans' new method of attack on enemy trenches.
Sulfur mustard, commonly known as mustard gas, is the prototypical substance of the sulfur-based family of cytotoxic and vesicant chemical warfare agents known as the sulfur mustards which have the ability to form large blisters on exposed skin and in the lungs.
Tear gas, formally known as a lachrymator agent or lachrymator (from the Latin lacrima, meaning "tear"), sometimes colloquially known as mace,"Mace" is a brand name for a tear gas spray is a chemical weapon that causes severe eye and respiratory pain, skin irritation, bleeding, and even blindness.
Tergnier is a commune in the Aisne department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.
The Territorial Force was a part-time volunteer organisation, created in 1908 to help meet the military needs of the United Kingdom (UK) without resorting to conscription.
The Third Army was a field army of the British Army during World War I that saw active service on the Western Front throughout the war.
The Treaty of Brest-Litovsk was a peace treaty signed on 3 March 1918 between the new Bolshevik government of Soviet Russia and the Central Powers (Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, and the Ottoman Empire), that ended Russia's participation in World War I. The treaty was signed at Brest-Litovsk (Brześć Litewski; since 1945 Brest), after two months of negotiations.
Verdun (official name before 1970 Verdun-sur-Meuse) is a small city in the Meuse department in Grand Est in northeastern France.
The Victoria Cross (VC) is the highest award of the British honours system.
Villers-Bretonneux is a commune in the Somme department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.
Villeselve is a commune in the Oise department in northern France.
The Western Front was the main theatre of war during the First World War.
Lieutenant Colonel Wilfrith Elstob (8 September 1888 – 21 March 1918) was an English recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.
Winged Victory is a 1934 novel by English World War I fighter pilot Victor Maslin Yeates that is widely regarded as a classic description of aerial combat and the futility of war.
Sir Winston Leonard Spencer-Churchill (30 November 187424 January 1965) was a British politician, army officer, and writer, who was Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1940 to 1945 and again from 1951 to 1955.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
The XVIII Corps was a British infantry formation during World War I. It was reactivated, briefly, in Cyprus during World War II as part of a military deception.
107 (Ulster) Brigade was based in Ballymena and was, most recently before its disbandment, the British Army Regional Brigade responsible for administering the Territorial Army within Northern Ireland.
The 14th (Light) Division was an infantry division of the British Army, one of the Kitchener's Army divisions raised from volunteers by Lord Kitchener during the First World War.
The 17th Army (17.) was an army level command of the German Army in World War I. It was formed in France on 1 February 1918 from the former 14th Army command.
The 18th (Eastern) Division was an infantry division of the British Army formed in September 1914 during the First World War as part of the K2 Army Group, part of Lord Kitchener's New Armies.
The 18th Army (18.) was an army level command of the German Army in World War I. It was formed against France on 27 December 1917 from the former Heeresgruppe Woyrsch command.
The 2nd Army (2.) was an army level command of the German Army in World War I. It was formed on mobilization in August 1914 from the III Army Inspection.
The 51st (Highland) Division was an infantry division of the British Army that fought on the Western Front in France during the First World War from 1915 to 1918.
The 61st (2nd South Midland) Division was an infantry division of the British Army raised in 1915 during the Great War as a second-line reserve for the first-line battalions of the 48th (South Midland) Division.
The 7th Army (7.) was an army level command of the German Army in World War I. It was formed on mobilization in August 1914 from the II Army Inspection.
The 9th (Scottish) Division, was an infantry division of the British Army during World War I, one of the Kitchener's Army divisions raised from volunteers by Lord Kitchener to serve on the Western Front during the First World War.
"Michael" Offensive, "Second Battle of Picardy", 2nd Battle of Picardy, Battle of Ancre (1918), Battle of Rosieres, Battle of St. Quentin (1918), Battle of St. Quentin (March 1918), Battle of the Ancre (1918), First Battle of Bapaume, First Battle of Noyon, First Battle of the Somme (1918), First Somme, Michael Offensive, Second Battle of Picardy, St. Quentin 1918.