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Operation Varsity

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Operation Varsity (24 March 1945) was a successful airborne forces operation launched by Allied troops that took place toward the end of World War II. [1]

124 relations: Airborne forces, Airspeed Horsa, Allies of World War II, Anti-aircraft warfare, Armoured fighting vehicle, Battle honour, Battle of Arnhem, Battle of the Bulge, Berlin, Bernard Montgomery, Bridgehead, Brigadier (United Kingdom), Clinton M. Hedrick, Code name, Colonel (United States), Commanding officer, Consolidated B-24 Liberator, Corporal, Corps, Curtiss C-46 Commando, Douglas C-47 Skytrain, Douglas C-54 Skymaster, Dwight D. Eisenhower, Edson Raff, Eighth Air Force, Elbridge Chapman, Emmerich am Rhein, Eric Bols, Field marshal (United Kingdom), First Allied Airborne Army, France, Frederick George Topham, Günther Blumentritt, General (United States), General Aircraft Hamilcar, General of the Army (United States), Generalmajor, George J. Peters, Germany, Glider Pilot Regiment, Hamminkeln, Hugh Bellamy, Invasion of Normandy, Italian Campaign (World War II), James Hill (British Army officer), Jeff Nicklin, Killed in action, Lewis H. Brereton, Lieutenant general (United States), Lieutenant-colonel (Canada), ..., Lieutenant-general (United Kingdom), Lippe (district), List of awards, List of military operations in the West European Theater during World War II by year, Luftwaffe, Major general (United States), Major-general (United Kingdom), Matthew Ridgway, Medal of Honor, Miles Dempsey, Missing in action, Nigel Poett, Ninth Air Force, Ninth United States Army, North German Plain, Northern Germany, Office of Public Sector Information, Operation Dragoon, Operation Market Garden, Operation Overlord, Operation Plunder, Operation Veritable, Orderly, Oude IJssel, Panzergrenadier, Parachute Regiment (United Kingdom), Paratrooper, Prisoner of war, Private (rank), Private first class, Rees, Germany, Rhine, Royal Air Force, Second Army (United Kingdom), Self-propelled anti-aircraft weapon, Stuart S. Stryker, Supreme Allied Commander, Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force, Technical sergeant, United Kingdom, United States Army Center of Military History, Victoria Cross, Waco CG-4, Wesel, Western Allied invasion of Germany, Western Germany, William Hood Simpson, William M. Miley, World War II, Wounded in action, XLVII Panzer Corps, XVIII Airborne Corps, 116th Panzer Division (Wehrmacht), 12th (Yorkshire) Parachute Battalion, 13th (Lancashire) Parachute Battalion, 13th Airborne Division (United States), 15th (Scottish) Infantry Division, 17th Airborne Division (United States), 194th Glider Infantry Regiment (United States), 1st Airborne Division (United Kingdom), 1st Canadian Parachute Battalion, 1st Parachute Army (Wehrmacht), 21st Army Group, 3rd Parachute Brigade (United Kingdom), 507th Parachute Infantry Regiment (United States), 513th Parachute Infantry Regiment (United States), 517th Parachute Regimental Combat Team, 5th Parachute Brigade (United Kingdom), 6th Airborne Division (United Kingdom), 6th Airlanding Brigade (United Kingdom), 7th (Light Infantry) Parachute Battalion, 7th Parachute Division (Germany), 8th (Midlands) Parachute Battalion, 9th (Eastern and Home Counties) Parachute Battalion. Expand index (74 more) »

Airborne forces

Airborne Military parachuting or gliding form of inserting personnel or supplies.

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Airspeed Horsa

The Airspeed AS.51 Horsa was a British troop-carrying glider used during the Second World War.

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Allies of World War II

The Allies of World War II, called the United Nations from the 1 January 1942 declaration, were the countries that together opposed the Axis powers during the Second World War (1939–1945).

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Anti-aircraft warfare

Anti-aircraft warfare or counter-air defence is defined by NATO as "all measures designed to nullify or reduce the effectiveness of hostile air action."AAP-6 They include ground-and air-based weapon systems, associated sensor systems, command and control arrangements and passive measures (e.g. barrage balloons).

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Armoured fighting vehicle

An armoured fighting vehicle (AFV) is an armed combat vehicle protected by armour, generally combining operational mobility with offensive and defensive capabilities.

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Battle honour

A battle honour is an award of a right by a government or sovereign to a military unit to emblazon the name of a battle or operation on its flags ("colours"), uniforms or other accessories where ornamentation is possible.

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Battle of Arnhem

The Battle of Arnhem was a major battle of the Second World War fought in and around the Dutch towns of Arnhem, Oosterbeek, Wolfheze, Driel and the surrounding countryside from 17–26 September 1944.

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Battle of the Bulge

The Battle of the Bulge (16 December 1944 – 25 January 1945) was the last major German offensive campaign on the Western Front during World War II.

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Berlin

Berlin is the capital and the largest city of Germany, as well as one of its 16 constituent states.

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Bernard Montgomery

Field Marshal Bernard Law Montgomery, 1st Viscount Montgomery of Alamein, (17 November 1887 – 24 March 1976), nicknamed "Monty" and "The Spartan General", was a senior British Army officer who fought in both the First World War and the Second World War.

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Bridgehead

A bridgehead (or bridge-head) is the strategically important area of ground around the end of a bridge or other place of possible crossing over a body of water which at time of conflict is sought to be defended/taken over by the belligerent forces.

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Brigadier (United Kingdom)

Brigadier (Brig) is a senior rank in the British Army and the Royal Marines.

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Clinton M. Hedrick

Clinton M. Hedrick (May 1, 1918 – March 28, 1945) was a United States Army soldier and a recipient of the United States military's highest decoration the Medal of Honor for his actions in World War II during operation Operation Varsity.

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Code name

A code name or cryptonym is a word or name used, sometimes clandestinely, to refer to another name, word, project or person.

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Colonel (United States)

In the United States Army, Marine Corps, and Air Force, colonel is the most senior field grade military officer rank, immediately above the rank of lieutenant colonel and immediately below the rank of brigadier general.

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Commanding officer

The commanding officer (CO) or, if the incumbent is a general officer, commanding general (CG), is the officer in command of a military unit.

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Consolidated B-24 Liberator

The Consolidated B-24 Liberator is an American heavy bomber, designed by Consolidated Aircraft of San Diego, California.

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Corporal

Corporal is a military rank in use in some form by many militaries and by some police forces or other uniformed organizations.

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Corps

Corps (plural corps; via French, from the Latin corpus "body") is a term used for several different kinds of organisation.

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Curtiss C-46 Commando

The Curtiss C-46 Commando is a transport aircraft derived from the Curtiss CW-20 pressurised high-altitude airliner design.

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Douglas C-47 Skytrain

The Douglas C-47 Skytrain or Dakota (RAF designation) is a military transport aircraft developed from the civilian Douglas DC-3 airliner.

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Douglas C-54 Skymaster

The Douglas C-54 Skymaster is a four-engined transport aircraft used by the United States Army Air Forces in World War II and the Korean War.

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Dwight D. Eisenhower

Dwight David "Ike" Eisenhower (October 14, 1890 – March 28, 1969) was an American army general and statesman who served as the 34th President of the United States from 1953 to 1961.

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Edson Raff

Colonel Edson Duncan Raff (November 15, 1907 – March 11, 2003) was a United States Army officer and author of a book on paratroopers.

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Eighth Air Force

The Eighth Air Force (Air Forces Strategic) (8 AF) is a numbered air force (NAF) of the United States Air Force's Air Force Global Strike Command (AFGSC).

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Elbridge Chapman

Major General Elbridge Gerry Chapman, Jr. (20 November 1895 – 6 July 1954) was a senior United States Army officer who served in both World War I and World War II.

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Emmerich am Rhein

Emmerich am Rhein meaning Emmerich on the Rhine (Low Rhenish and Emmerik) is a town and municipality in the northwest of the German federal state of North Rhine-Westphalia.

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Eric Bols

Major General Eric Louis Bols CB DSO & Bar (8 June 1904 – 14 June 1985) was a senior British Army officer, who, during World War II, was most notable for serving as the General Officer Commanding (GOC) 6th Airborne Division during Operation Varsity in March 1945.

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Field marshal (United Kingdom)

Field Marshal has been the highest rank in the British Army since 1736.

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First Allied Airborne Army

The First Allied Airborne Army was an Allied formation formed on 2 August 1944 by the order of General Dwight D. Eisenhower, the Supreme Allied Commander of the Allied Expeditionary Force.

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France

France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.

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Frederick George Topham

Frederick George Topham, VC (10 August 1917 – 31 May 1974) was a Canadian recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.

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Günther Blumentritt

Günther Blumentritt (10 February 1892 – 12 October 1967) was an officer in World War I, who became a Staff Officer under the Weimar Republic and went on to serve as a general for Nazi Germany during World War II.

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General (United States)

In the United States Army, United States Marine Corps, and United States Air Force, general (abbreviated as GEN in the Army or Gen in the Air Force and Marine Corps) is a four-star general officer rank, with the pay grade of O-10.

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General Aircraft Hamilcar

The General Aircraft Limited GAL.

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General of the Army (United States)

General of the Army (abbreviated as GA) is a five-star general officer and the second highest possible rank in the United States Army.

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Generalmajor

Generalmajor, short GenMaj, (English: major general) is a general officer rank in many countries, and is identical to and translated as major general.

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George J. Peters

George J. Peters (1924 – March 24, 1945) was a soldier of the United States Army and a recipient of the highest decoration of the United States Armed Forces—the Medal of Honor—for his actions in the final stages of World War II during Operation Varsity.

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Germany

Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a sovereign state in central-western Europe.

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Glider Pilot Regiment

The Glider Pilot Regiment was a British airborne forces unit of the Second World War, which was responsible for crewing the British Army's military gliders and saw action in the European theatre in support of Allied airborne operations.

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Hamminkeln

Hamminkeln is a town in the district of Wesel, in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.

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Hugh Bellamy

Brigadier Robert Hugh Bellamy & Bar (8 December 1910 – 27 November 1972) was a senior British Army officer who commanded the 6th Airlanding Brigade during the Rhine Crossing on 24 March 1945 and in the advance across Germany during the Second World War.

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Invasion of Normandy

The Western Allies of World War II launched the largest amphibious invasion in history when they assaulted Normandy, located on the northern coast of France, on 6 June 1944.

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Italian Campaign (World War II)

The Italian Campaign of World War II consisted of the Allied operations in and around Italy, from 1943 to the end of the war in Europe.

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James Hill (British Army officer)

Brigadier Stanley James Ledger Hill & Two Bars, MC (14 March 1911 – 16 March 2006) was a British Army officer, who served as commander of the 3rd Parachute Brigade, part of the 6th Airborne Division, during World War II.

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Jeff Nicklin

Lieutenant Colonel Jevon Albert "Jeff" Nicklin OBE (December 10, 1914 – March 24, 1945) was a Canadian Army officer and football player.

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Killed in action

Killed in action (KIA) is a casualty classification generally used by militaries to describe the deaths of their own combatants at the hands of hostile forces.

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Lewis H. Brereton

Lewis Hyde Brereton (June 21, 1890 – July 20, 1967) was a military aviation pioneer and lieutenant general in the United States Air Force.

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Lieutenant general (United States)

In the United States Army, United States Marine Corps, and the United States Air Force, lieutenant general (abbreviated LTG in the Army, Lt Gen in the Air Force, and LtGen in the Marine Corps) is a three-star general officer rank, with the pay grade of O-9.

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Lieutenant-colonel (Canada)

In the Canadian Forces, lieutenant-colonel (LCol, lieutenant-colonel or lcol) is a rank for officers who wear army or air force uniform, equal to commander for officers who wear navy uniform.

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Lieutenant-general (United Kingdom)

Lieutenant general (Lt Gen), formerly more commonly lieutenant-general, is a senior rank in the British Army and the Royal Marines.

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Lippe (district)

Lippe is a Kreis (district) in the east of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.

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List of awards

A list of orders, medals, prizes, and other awards, of military, civil, and ecclesiastical conferees.

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List of military operations in the West European Theater during World War II by year

Includes land and sea operations relating to north-west Europe, but excludes.

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Luftwaffe

The Luftwaffe was the aerial warfare branch of the combined German Wehrmacht military forces during World War II.

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Major general (United States)

In the United States Army, United States Marine Corps, and United States Air Force, major general is a two-star general-officer rank, with the pay grade of O-8.

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Major-general (United Kingdom)

Major general (Maj Gen), is a "two-star" rank in the British Army and Royal Marines.

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Matthew Ridgway

General Matthew Bunker Ridgway (March 3, 1895 – July 26, 1993) was the 19th Chief of Staff of the United States Army.

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Medal of Honor

The Medal of Honor is the United States of America's highest and most prestigious personal military decoration that may be awarded to recognize U.S. military service members who distinguished themselves by acts of valor.

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Miles Dempsey

General Sir Miles Christopher Dempsey, (15 December 1896 – 5 June 1969) was a senior British Army officer who served in both world wars.

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Missing in action

Missing in action (MIA) is a casualty classification assigned to combatants, military chaplains, combat medics, and prisoners of war who are reported missing during wartime or ceasefire.

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Nigel Poett

General Sir Joseph Howard Nigel Poett, (20 August 1907 – 29 October 1991) was a British Army officer who commanded the 5th Parachute Brigade during the Second World War.

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Ninth Air Force

The Ninth Air Force (9 AF) is a numbered air force of the United States Air Force's Air Combat Command (ACC).

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Ninth United States Army

The Ninth Army is a field army of the United States Army, garrisoned at Caserma Ederle, Vicenza, Italy.

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North German Plain

The North German Plain or Northern Lowland (Norddeutsches Tiefland) is one of the major geographical regions of Germany.

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Northern Germany

Northern Germany (Norddeutschland) is the region in the north of Germany whose exact area is not precisely or consistently defined.

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Office of Public Sector Information

The Office of Public Sector Information (OPSI) is the body responsible for the operation of Her Majesty's Stationery Office (HMSO) and of other public information services of the United Kingdom.

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Operation Dragoon

Operation Dragoon (initially Operation Anvil) was the code name for the Allied invasion of Southern France on 15August 1944.

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Operation Market Garden

Operation Market Garden (17–25 September 1944) was an unsuccessful Allied military operation planned, and predominantly led, by the British.

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Operation Overlord

Operation Overlord was the codename for the Battle of Normandy, the Allied operation that launched the successful invasion of German-occupied Western Europe during World War II.

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Operation Plunder

Beginning on the night of March 23, 1945 the 21st Army Group under Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery launched Operation Plunder, as a part of a coordinated set of Rhine crossings.

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Operation Veritable

Operation Veritable (also known as the Battle of the Reichswald) was the northern part of an Allied pincer movement that took place between 8 February and 11 March 1945 during the final stages of the Second World War.

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Orderly

In healthcare, an orderly (also known as a ward assistant, nurse assistant or healthcare assistant) is a hospital attendant whose job consists of assisting medical and nursing staff with various nursing and medical interventions.

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Oude IJssel

Oude IJssel (Dutch), literally old IJssel, or Issel (German) is a river in Germany and the Netherlands approximately 82 km long.

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Panzergrenadier

Panzergrenadier, shortened as PzGren (modern) or PzG (WWII), is a German term for motorised or mechanized infantry – that is, infantry transported in combat vehicles specialized for such tasks – as introduced during World War II.

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Parachute Regiment (United Kingdom)

The Parachute Regiment, colloquially known as the Paras, is an elite airborne infantry regiment of the British Army.

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Paratrooper

Paratroopers are military parachutists—military personnel trained in parachuting into an operation and usually functioning as part of an airborne force.

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Prisoner of war

A prisoner of war (POW) is a person, whether combatant or non-combatant, who is held in custody by a belligerent power during or immediately after an armed conflict.

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Private (rank)

A private is a soldier of the lowest military rank (equivalent to NATO Rank Grades OR-1 to OR-3 depending on the force served in).

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Private first class

Private First Class (PFC) is a military rank held by junior enlisted personnel.

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Rees, Germany

Rees is a town in the district of Cleves in the state of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.

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Rhine

--> The Rhine (Rhenus, Rein, Rhein, le Rhin,, Italiano: Reno, Rijn) is a European river that begins in the Swiss canton of Graubünden in the southeastern Swiss Alps, forms part of the Swiss-Liechtenstein, Swiss-Austrian, Swiss-German and then the Franco-German border, then flows through the German Rhineland and the Netherlands and eventually empties into the North Sea.

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Royal Air Force

The Royal Air Force (RAF) is the United Kingdom's aerial warfare force.

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Second Army (United Kingdom)

The British Second Army was a field army active during the First and Second World Wars.

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Self-propelled anti-aircraft weapon

An anti-aircraft vehicle, also known as a self-propelled anti-aircraft gun (SPAAG) or self-propelled air defense system (SPAD), is a mobile vehicle with a dedicated anti-aircraft capability.

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Stuart S. Stryker

Stuart S. Stryker (October 30, 1924 – March 24, 1945) was a United States Army soldier and a recipient of the U.S. military's highest decoration, the Medal of Honor, for his actions in World War II.

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Supreme Allied Commander

Supreme Allied Commander is the title held by the most senior commander within certain multinational military alliances.

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Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force

Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force (SHAEF) was the headquarters of the Commander of Allied forces in north west Europe, from late 1943 until the end of World War II.

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Technical sergeant

Technical sergeant is the name of one current and two former enlisted ranks in the United States military.

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United Kingdom

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.

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United States Army Center of Military History

The United States Army Center of Military History (CMH) is a directorate within the Office of the Administrative Assistant to the Secretary of the Army.

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Victoria Cross

The Victoria Cross (VC) is the highest award of the British honours system.

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Waco CG-4

The Waco CG-4A was the most widely used American troop/cargo military glider of World War II.

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Wesel

Wesel is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.

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Western Allied invasion of Germany

The Western Allied invasion of Germany was coordinated by the Western Allies during the final months of hostilities in the European theatre of World War II.

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Western Germany

Western Germany is a region in the west of Germany.

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William Hood Simpson

General William Hood Simpson (May 18, 1888 – August 15, 1980) was a senior United States Army officer who served with distinction in both World War I and World War II.

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William M. Miley

Major General William Maynadier "Bud" Miley (December 26, 1897 – September 24, 1997) was a senior United States Army officer and a professor of military science who fought in both World War I and World War II.

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World War II

World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.

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Wounded in action

Wounded in action (WIA) describes combatants who have been wounded while fighting in a combat zone during wartime, but have not been killed.

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XLVII Panzer Corps

XLVII Panzer Corps (also: 47th Panzer Corps or XXXXVII. Panzerkorps or XXXXVII Panzer Corps) was a panzer corps of the German Army in World War II that was formerly designated as XLVII Corps.

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XVIII Airborne Corps

The XVIII Airborne Corps is a corps of the United States Army that has been in existence since 1942 and saw extensive service during World War II.

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116th Panzer Division (Wehrmacht)

The 116th Panzer Division, also known as the "Windhund (Greyhound) Division", was a German armoured formation that saw combat during World War II.

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12th (Yorkshire) Parachute Battalion

The 12th (Yorkshire) Parachute Battalion was an airborne infantry battalion of the Parachute Regiment, raised by the British Army during the Second World War.

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13th (Lancashire) Parachute Battalion

The 13th (Lancashire) Parachute Battalion was an airborne infantry battalion of the Parachute Regiment, raised by the British Army during the Second World War.

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13th Airborne Division (United States)

The 13th Airborne Division was an airborne forces formation of division-size of the United States Army that was active during World War II.

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15th (Scottish) Infantry Division

The 15th (Scottish) Infantry Division was an infantry division of the British Army that served with distinction in both World War I and World War II.

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17th Airborne Division (United States)

The 17th Airborne Division was an airborne infantry division of the United States Army during World War II, commanded by Major General William M. Miley.

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194th Glider Infantry Regiment (United States)

The 194th Glider Infantry Regiment was a Glider infantry regiment of the United States Army that served in World War II.

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1st Airborne Division (United Kingdom)

The 1st Airborne Division was an airborne infantry division of the British Army during the Second World War.

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1st Canadian Parachute Battalion

The 1st Canadian Parachute Battalion was an airborne infantry battalion of the Canadian Army formed in July 1942 during the Second World War; it served in North West Europe, Landing in Normandy during Operation Tonga, in conjunction with the D-Day landings of 6 June 1944 and in the airborne assault crossing of the River Rhine, Operation Varsity, in March 1945.

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1st Parachute Army (Wehrmacht)

The German 1st Parachute Army (1. Fallschirm-Armee) was formed in September, 1944, comprising 30,000 men.

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21st Army Group

The 21st Army Group was a World War II British headquarters formation, in command of two field armies and other supporting units, consisting primarily of the British Second Army and the First Canadian Army.

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3rd Parachute Brigade (United Kingdom)

The 3rd Parachute Brigade was an airborne forces brigade raised by the British Army during the Second World War.

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507th Parachute Infantry Regiment (United States)

The 507th Parachute Infantry Regiment (507th PIR), now the 507th Infantry Regiment, was an airborne infantry regiment of the United States Army.

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513th Parachute Infantry Regiment (United States)

The 513th Parachute Infantry Regiment (513th PIR) was an airborne infantry regiment of the United States Army, raised during World War II.

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517th Parachute Regimental Combat Team

The 517th Parachute Regimental Combat Team (517th PRCT) was an airborne, specifically a parachute infantry, regiment of the United States Army that was formed in March 1943 during World War II, training at Camp Toccoa in the mountains of Northeast Georgia.

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5th Parachute Brigade (United Kingdom)

The 5th Parachute Brigade was an airborne forces formation of brigade strength, raised by the British Army during the Second World War.

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6th Airborne Division (United Kingdom)

The 6th Airborne Division was an airborne infantry division of the British Army during the Second World War.

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6th Airlanding Brigade (United Kingdom)

The 6th Airlanding Brigade was a airborne infantry brigade of the British Army during the Second World War.

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7th (Light Infantry) Parachute Battalion

The 7th (Light Infantry) Parachute Battalion was an airborne infantry battalion of the Parachute Regiment, formed by the British Army during the Second World War.

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7th Parachute Division (Germany)

The 7.

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8th (Midlands) Parachute Battalion

The 8th (Midlands) Parachute Battalion was an airborne infantry battalion of the Parachute Regiment, raised by the British Army during the Second World War.

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9th (Eastern and Home Counties) Parachute Battalion

The 9th (Eastern and Home Counties) Parachute Battalion was an airborne infantry battalion of the Parachute Regiment, raised by the British Army during the Second World War.

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Redirects here:

Operation VARSITY.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Varsity

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