110 relations: Acting (rank), Alfred Schlemm, Allan Adair, Allies of World War II, Antwerp, Ardennes, Assault gun, Avro Lancaster, Battle of the Bulge, Bernard Montgomery, Bernhard Klosterkemper, Brian Horrocks, Bruce Matthews (Canadian Army officer), Christopher Vokes, Churchill Crocodile, Colin Muir Barber, Daniel Spry, Dülken, De Havilland Mosquito, Department of National Defence (Canada), Dwight D. Eisenhower, Falaise Pocket, Field marshal (United Kingdom), First Canadian Army, Floodplain, Front line, Geldern, General (United States), Gerd von Rundstedt, Goch, Groesbeek, Guards Armoured Division, Gwilym Ivor Thomas, Handley Page Halifax, Harry Crerar, Heinrich Freiherr von Lüttwitz, Heinz Fiebig, Hermann Plocher, II Canadian Corps, Kalkar, Kall, North Rhine-Westphalia, Kleve, Klever Reichswald, Kranenburg, North Rhine-Westphalia, Landing Vehicle Tracked, Lieutenant general (United States), Lieutenant-general (Canada), Lieutenant-general (United Kingdom), Maastricht, Major general, ..., Major-general (United Kingdom), Materiel, Meuse, Miles Dempsey, Modern warfare, Mook en Middelaar, Nijmegen, Ninth United States Army, No. 1 Group RAF, No. 4 Group RAF, No. 6 Group RCAF, No. 8 Group RAF, Oberkommando des Heeres, Operation Blockbuster, Operation Grenade, Operation Market Garden, Pathfinder (RAF), Philip Roberts (British Army officer), Pincer movement, Rees, Germany, Rhine, Rhineland, Road surface, Robert Knox Ross, Ruhr, Rur, Second Army (United Kingdom), Second Battle of El Alamein, Siegfried Line, Stomach division, Stroud, Tom Rennie, Traffic congestion, Venlo, Waal (river), Weeze, Wesel, Western Front (World War II), William Hood Simpson, Wolfgang Erdmann, World War II, Wyler, North Rhine-Westphalia, Xanten, XLVII Panzer Corps, XXX Corps (United Kingdom), XXXXVIII Panzer Corps, 116th Panzer Division (Wehrmacht), 11th Armoured Division (United Kingdom), 15th (Scottish) Infantry Division, 15th Panzergrenadier Division (Wehrmacht), 21st Army Group, 2nd Canadian Division, 34th Armoured Brigade (United Kingdom), 3rd Canadian Division, 43rd (Wessex) Infantry Division, 4th Canadian Division, 51st (Highland) Division, 53rd (Welsh) Infantry Division, 6th Parachute Division (Germany), 7th Parachute Division (Germany). Expand index (60 more) » « Shrink index
An acting rank is a military designation allowing a commissioned or non-commissioned officer to assume a rank—usually higher and usually temporary—with the pay and allowances appropriate to that grade.
Alfred Schlemm (8 December 1894 – 24 January 1986) was a German General der Fallschirmtruppe in the Wehrmacht.
Major General Sir Allan Henry Shafto Adair, 6th Baronet, (3 November 1897 – 4 August 1988) was a senior officer of the British Army who served in both World wars; as a company commander in the Grenadier Guards in the First World War, and as General Officer Commanding (GOC) of the Guards Armoured Division in the Second World War.
The Allies of World War II, called the United Nations from the 1 January 1942 declaration, were the countries that together opposed the Axis powers during the Second World War (1939–1945).
Antwerp (Antwerpen, Anvers) is a city in Belgium, and is the capital of Antwerp province in Flanders.
The Ardennes (L'Ardenne; Ardennen; L'Årdene; Ardennen; also known as the Ardennes Forest or Forest of Ardennes) is a region of extensive forests, rough terrain, rolling hills and ridges formed by the geological features of the Ardennes mountain range and the Moselle and Meuse River basins.
An assault gun is a form of self-propelled artillery which utilizes an infantry support gun mounted on a motorized chassis, normally an armored fighting vehicle.
The Avro Lancaster is a British four-engined Second World War heavy bomber.
The Battle of the Bulge (16 December 1944 – 25 January 1945) was the last major German offensive campaign on the Western Front during World War II.
Field Marshal Bernard Law Montgomery, 1st Viscount Montgomery of Alamein, (17 November 1887 – 24 March 1976), nicknamed "Monty" and "The Spartan General", was a senior British Army officer who fought in both the First World War and the Second World War.
Bernhard Klosterkemper (17 April 1897 – 19 July 1962) was a German general (Generalmajor) in the Wehrmacht during World War II and a recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross of Nazi Germany.
Lieutenant-General Sir Brian Gwynne Horrocks, (7 September 1895 – 4 January 1985) was a British Army officer, chiefly remembered as the commander of XXX Corps in Operation Market Garden and other operations during the Second World War.
Major General Albert Bruce Matthews, (August 12, 1909 – September 12, 1991) was a senior Canadian Army officer and businessman in the 1930s.
Major General Christopher Vokes (13 April 1904 – 27 March 1985) was a senior Canadian Army officer who fought in World War II.
The Churchill Crocodile was a British flame-throwing tank of late Second World War.
Lieutenant General Sir Colin Muir Barber & Bar (27 June 1897 – 5 May 1964) was a senior British Army officer who fought in both World War I and World War II where he commanded the 15th (Scottish) Infantry Division during their actions across Northwest Europe, from August 1944 until Victory in Europe Day in May 1945.
Major General Daniel Charles Spry CBE DSO CD (February 4, 1913 – April 2, 1989) was a senior Canadian Army officer who commanded the 3rd Canadian Infantry Division during Operation Veritable in World War II.
Dülken is a town located in the North Rhine-Westphalia state of Germany.
The de Havilland DH.98 Mosquito is a British twin-engine shoulder-winged multi-role combat aircraft.
The Department of National Defence (Ministère de la Défense nationale), commonly abbreviated as DND, is a Canadian government department responsible for defending Canada's interests and values at home and abroad.
Dwight David "Ike" Eisenhower (October 14, 1890 – March 28, 1969) was an American army general and statesman who served as the 34th President of the United States from 1953 to 1961.
The Falaise Pocket or Battle of the Falaise Pocket (12 – 21 August 1944) was the decisive engagement of the Battle of Normandy in the Second World War.
Field Marshal has been the highest rank in the British Army since 1736.
The First Canadian Army (1reArmée canadienne) was a field army and the senior formation of the Canadian Army that served on the Western Front from July 1944 until May 1945 during the Second World War.
A floodplain or flood plain is an area of land adjacent to a stream or river which stretches from the banks of its channel to the base of the enclosing valley walls, and which experiences flooding during periods of high discharge.
A front line (alternative forms: front-line or frontline) in military terminology is the position(s) closest to the area of conflict of an armed force's personnel and equipment, generally referring to maritime or land forces.
Geldern (Gelderen, archaic English: Guelder(s)) is a German–Dutch border city centered in the federal German state of North Rhine-Westphalia.
In the United States Army, United States Marine Corps, and United States Air Force, general (abbreviated as GEN in the Army or Gen in the Air Force and Marine Corps) is a four-star general officer rank, with the pay grade of O-10.
Karl Rudolf Gerd von Rundstedt (12 December 1875 – 24 February 1953) was a Field Marshal in the Wehrmacht of Nazi Germany during World War II.
Goch (archaic spelling: Gog, Dutch: Gogh) is a town in the district of Kleve, in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
Groesbeek is a town and former municipality in the province of Gelderland, the Netherlands.
The Guards Armoured Division was an armoured division of the British Army during the Second World War.
General Sir Gwilym Ivor Thomas, (23 July 1893 – 29 August 1972) was a senior British Army officer who saw active service in both World Wars.
The Handley Page Halifax was a Royal Air Force (RAF) four-engined heavy bomber of the Second World War.
General Henry Duncan Graham "Harry" Crerar (April 28, 1888 – April 1, 1965) was a senior officer of the Canadian Army, and became the country's "leading field commander" in the Second World War, where he commanded the First Canadian Army.
Diepold Georg Heinrich Freiherr von Lüttwitz, Baron von Lüttwitz (6 December 1896 – 9 October 1969) was a Prussian Junker, Olympic equestrian, and German officer who served in both World Wars, retiring as a General der Panzertruppe.
Heinz Fiebig (23 March 1897 – 30 March 1964) was a German general in the Wehrmacht of Nazi Germany during World War II who may have been a recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross of Nazi Germany.
Hermann Lukas Plocher (5 January 1901 – 8 December 1980) was a German general during World War II.
II Canadian Corps was a corps-level formation that, along with I (British) Corps (August 1, 1944 to April 1, 1945) and I Canadian Corps (April 6, 1943 to November 1943, and April 1, 1945 until the end of hostilities), comprised the First Canadian Army in Northwest Europe during World War II.
Kalkar is a municipality in the district of Kleve, in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
Kall is a municipality in the district of Euskirchen in the state of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
Cleves (Kleve; Kleef; Clèves; Clivia) is a town in the Lower Rhine region of northwestern Germany near the Dutch border and the river Rhine.
The Klever Reichswald is an Imperial forest in North Rhine-Westphalia (Germany) between the Rivers Rhine and Meuse at the German Dutch border.
Kranenburg is a town and municipality in the district of Cleves in the state of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
The Landing Vehicle, Tracked (LVT) is an amphibious warfare vehicle and amphibious landing craft, introduced by the United States Navy.
In the United States Army, United States Marine Corps, and the United States Air Force, lieutenant general (abbreviated LTG in the Army, Lt Gen in the Air Force, and LtGen in the Marine Corps) is a three-star general officer rank, with the pay grade of O-9.
In the Canadian Forces, the rank of lieutenant-general (LGen) (lieutenant-général or Lgén in French) is an Army or Air Force rank equal to a vice-admiral of the Navy.
Lieutenant general (Lt Gen), formerly more commonly lieutenant-general, is a senior rank in the British Army and the Royal Marines.
Maastricht (Limburgish: Mestreech; French: Maestricht; Spanish: Mastrique) is a city and a municipality in the southeast of the Netherlands.
Major general (abbreviated MG, Maj. Gen. and similar) is a military rank used in many countries.
Major general (Maj Gen), is a "two-star" rank in the British Army and Royal Marines.
Materiel, more commonly matériel in US English and also listed as the only spelling in some UK dictionaries (both pronounced, from French matériel meaning equipment or hardware), refers to military technology and supplies in military and commercial supply chain management.
The Meuse (la Meuse; Walloon: Moûze) or Maas (Maas; Maos or Maas) is a major European river, rising in France and flowing through Belgium and the Netherlands before draining into the North Sea.
General Sir Miles Christopher Dempsey, (15 December 1896 – 5 June 1969) was a senior British Army officer who served in both world wars.
Modern warfare is warfare using the concepts, methods, and military technology that have come into use during and after World Wars I and II.
Mook en Middelaar (Mook en Middelar) is a municipality in the upper southeastern part of the Netherlands, at the northern tip of the province of Limburg and is a part of Stadsregio Arnhem Nijmegen.
Nijmegen (Nijmeegs: Nimwegen), historically anglicized as Nimeguen, is a municipality and a city in the Dutch province of Gelderland.
The Ninth Army is a field army of the United States Army, garrisoned at Caserma Ederle, Vicenza, Italy.
The Oberkommando des Heeres (OKH) was the High Command of the German Army during the Era of Nazi Germany.
Operation Blockbuster was the completion of the larger Operation Veritable by the First Canadian Army, reinforced by the XXX Corps from the British Second Army from late February to early March, 1945.
During World War II, Operation Grenade was the crossing of the Roer river between Roermond and Düren by the U.S. Ninth Army, commanded by Lieutenant General William Hood Simpson, in February 1945, which marked the beginning of the Allied invasion of Germany.
Operation Market Garden (17–25 September 1944) was an unsuccessful Allied military operation planned, and predominantly led, by the British.
The Pathfinders were target-marking squadrons in RAF Bomber Command during World War II.
Major-General George Philip Bradley Roberts, (5 November 1906 – 5 November 1997), better known as "Pip", was a senior officer of the British Army who served with distinction during the Second World War, most notably as General Officer Commanding (GOC) of the 11th Armoured Division (nicknamed the "Black Bull") throughout the campaign in Northwestern Europe, from June 1944 until Victory in Europe Day in May 1945.
The pincer movement, or double envelopment, is a military maneuver in which forces simultaneously attack both flanks (sides) of an enemy formation.
Rees is a town in the district of Cleves in the state of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
--> The Rhine (Rhenus, Rein, Rhein, le Rhin,, Italiano: Reno, Rijn) is a European river that begins in the Swiss canton of Graubünden in the southeastern Swiss Alps, forms part of the Swiss-Liechtenstein, Swiss-Austrian, Swiss-German and then the Franco-German border, then flows through the German Rhineland and the Netherlands and eventually empties into the North Sea.
The Rhineland (Rheinland, Rhénanie) is the name used for a loosely defined area of Western Germany along the Rhine, chiefly its middle section.
A road surface or pavement is the durable surface material laid down on an area intended to sustain vehicular or foot traffic, such as a road or walkway.
Major General Robert Knox Ross CB DSO MC (23 August 1893 – 3 November 1951) was a senior British Army officer who, during World War II, commanded the 53rd (Welsh) Infantry Division throughout the campaign in North-West Europe from June 1944 until May 1945.
The Ruhr (Ruhrgebiet), or the Ruhr district, Ruhr region, Ruhr area or Ruhr valley, is a polycentric urban area in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
The Rur (German; in Dutch Roer and French: la Roer) is a major river that flows through portions of Belgium, Germany and the Netherlands.
The British Second Army was a field army active during the First and Second World Wars.
The Second Battle of El Alamein (23 October – 11 November 1942) was a battle of the Second World War that took place near the Egyptian railway halt of El Alamein. With the Allies victorious, it was the watershed of the Western Desert Campaign. The First Battle of El Alamein had prevented the Axis from advancing further into Egypt. In August 1942, Lieutenant-General Sir Bernard Law Montgomery took command of the Eighth Army following the sacking of General Claude Auchinleck and the death of his replacement Lieutenant-General William Gott in an air crash. The Allied victory turned the tide in the North African Campaign and ended the Axis threat to Egypt, the Suez Canal and the Middle Eastern and Persian oil fields via North Africa. The Second Battle of El Alamein revived the morale of the Allies, being the first big success against the Axis since Operation Crusader in late 1941. The battle coincided with the Allied invasion of French North Africa in Operation Torch, which started on 8 November, the Battle of Stalingrad and the Guadalcanal Campaign.
The term Siegfried Line refers to two different German defensive lines, one during the First World War and the other during the Second World War.
In military terminology, a stomach division is a unit created for the purpose of containing combatants of disuse in the front lines.
Stroud is a market town and civil parish in the centre of Gloucestershire, England.
Major-General Thomas Gordon Rennie CB DSO MBE (3 January 1900 – 24 March 1945) was a British Army officer who commanded the 3rd Infantry Division and later the 51st (Highland) Infantry Division during World War II and was later killed in action during Operation Plunder, the crossing of the River Rhine in March 1945.
Traffic congestion is a condition on transport networks that occurs as use increases, and is characterized by slower speeds, longer trip times, and increased vehicular queueing.
Venlo is a city and municipality in the southeastern Netherlands, near the German border.
The Waal (Dutch) is the main distributary branch of the river Rhine flowing approximately through the Netherlands.
Weeze is a municipality in the Lower Rhine (Niederrhein) region, in the northwestern part of North Rhine-Westphalia in the district of Kleve in the region of Düsseldorf.
Wesel is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
The Western Front was a military theatre of World War II encompassing Denmark, Norway, Luxembourg, Belgium, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom, France, Italy, and Germany. World War II military engagements in Southern Europe and elsewhere are generally considered under separate headings. The Western Front was marked by two phases of large-scale combat operations. The first phase saw the capitulation of the Netherlands, Belgium, and France during May and June 1940 after their defeat in the Low Countries and the northern half of France, and continued into an air war between Germany and Britain that climaxed with the Battle of Britain. The second phase consisted of large-scale ground combat (supported by a massive air war considered to be an additional front), which began in June 1944 with the Allied landings in Normandy and continued until the defeat of Germany in May 1945.
General William Hood Simpson (May 18, 1888 – August 15, 1980) was a senior United States Army officer who served with distinction in both World War I and World War II.
Wolfgang Erdmann (13 November 1898 – 5 September 1946) was a German general during World War II. He was a recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross of Nazi Germany.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
Wyler is a village along the Dutch-German border, 7 km southeast of Nijmegen, Gelderland, The Netherlands, and 5 km west of Kranenburg, Germany.
Xanten (Lower Franconian Santen) is a town in the state of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
XLVII Panzer Corps (also: 47th Panzer Corps or XXXXVII. Panzerkorps or XXXXVII Panzer Corps) was a panzer corps of the German Army in World War II that was formerly designated as XLVII Corps.
XXX Corps (30 Corps) was a corps of the British Army during the Second World War.
XXXXVIII Panzer Corps (also: XXXXVIII Army Corp or XXXXVIII. Armeekorps), was a corps-level formation of the German Army which saw extensive action on both the eastern and western fronts during World War II.
The 116th Panzer Division, also known as the "Windhund (Greyhound) Division", was a German armoured formation that saw combat during World War II.
The 11th Armoured Division, also known as The Black Bull, was an armoured division of the British Army which was created in March 1941 during the Second World War.
The 15th (Scottish) Infantry Division was an infantry division of the British Army that served with distinction in both World War I and World War II.
15th Panzergrenadier Division was a mobile division of the German Army in World War II.
The 21st Army Group was a World War II British headquarters formation, in command of two field armies and other supporting units, consisting primarily of the British Second Army and the First Canadian Army.
The 2nd Canadian Division (2 Cdn Div) is responsible for generating and maintaining an operationally ready, multi-purpose land force for the Canadian Army in the province of Quebec, Canada, in order to meet Canada's defence objectives, domestically and overseas.
The 34th Armoured Brigade was an armoured brigade of the British Army that saw active service in the Second World War.
The 3rd Canadian Division is a formation of the Canadian Army.
The 43rd (Wessex) Infantry Division was an infantry division of the British Army.
The 4th Canadian Division is a formation of the Canadian Army.
The 51st (Highland) Division was an infantry division of the British Army that fought on the Western Front in France during the First World War from 1915 to 1918.
The 53rd (Welsh) Infantry Division was an infantry division of the British Army that fought in both World War I and World War II.