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Opportunity (rover)

Index Opportunity (rover)

Opportunity, also known as MER-B (Mars Exploration Rover – B) or MER-1, is a robotic rover active on Mars since 2004. [1]

91 relations: Aerogel, Alpha particle X-ray spectrometer, Amnesia, Ampere hour, Asteroid, Autonomous robot, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station Space Launch Complex 17, Composition of Mars, Cornelis Johannes van Houten, Curiosity (rover), Daffy Duck, Delta II, Duck Dodgers, Eagle (Meridiani Planum crater), Endeavour (crater), Endurance (crater), Environmental science, Erebus (crater), Esri, ExoMars (rover), Exploration of Mars, False color, Forbes, Fram (crater), Geology of Mars, Hazcam, Heat shield, Heat Shield Rock, Hematite, HiRISE, Hydrothermal vent, IBM RAD6000, ICER, Ingrid van Houten-Groeneveld, InSight, Java (programming language), Jonathan's Space Report, Launch Services Program, Life on Mars, List of missions to Mars, List of rocks on Mars, Lithium battery, Lithium-ion battery, Lunokhod 2, Marathon, Mars, Mars 2020, Mars Exploration Program, Mars Exploration Rover, ..., Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter, Martian soil, Meridiani Planum, Meteorite, MIMOS II, Mineralogy, Mini-TES, Moon, NASA, Naturaliste (crater), Navcam, Non-volatile memory, Operating temperature, Opportunity mission timeline, Pancam, Precipitation, Radioisotope heater unit, Robotic spacecraft, Robotics, Rock Abrasion Tool, Rocker-bogie, Rover (space exploration), Safe mode (spacecraft), Scientific information from the Mars Exploration Rover mission, Sedimentary rock, Silicate minerals, Sojourner (rover), Solander Point, Solar panel, Space exploration, Spacecraft Event Time, Spirit (rover), Telemetry, Timekeeping on Mars, Tom Gehrels, Victoria (crater), Viking program, Water on Mars, Water vapor, World Trade Center (1973–2001), 39382 Opportunity. Expand index (41 more) »


Aerogel is a synthetic porous ultralight material derived from a gel, in which the liquid component for the gel has been replaced with a gas.

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Alpha particle X-ray spectrometer

An alpha particle X-ray spectrometer (APXS) is a spectrometer that analyses the chemical element composition of a sample from the scattered alpha particles, and fluorescent X-rays after the sample is irradiated with alpha particles and X-rays from radioactive sources.

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Amnesia is a deficit in memory caused by brain damage, disease, or psychological trauma.

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Ampere hour

An ampere hour or amp hour (symbol Ah; also denoted A⋅h or A h) is a unit of electric charge, having dimensions of electric current multiplied by time, equal to the charge transferred by a steady current of one ampere flowing for one hour, or 3600 coulombs.

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Asteroids are minor planets, especially those of the inner Solar System.

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Autonomous robot

An autonomous robot is a robot that performs behaviors or tasks with a high degree of autonomy.

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Cape Canaveral Air Force Station

Cape Canaveral Air Force Station (CCAFS) (known as Cape Kennedy Air Force Station from 1963 to 1973) is an installation of the United States Air Force Space Command's 45th Space Wing.

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Cape Canaveral Air Force Station Space Launch Complex 17

Cape Canaveral Air Force Station Space Launch Complex 17 (SLC-17), previously designated Launch Complex 17 (LC-17), was a launch site at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida used for Thor and Delta rocket launches between 1958 and 2011.

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Composition of Mars

The composition of Mars covers the branch of the geology of Mars that describes the make-up of the planet Mars.

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Cornelis Johannes van Houten

Cornelis Johannes van Houten (February 18, 1920 – 24 August 2002) was a Dutch astronomer, sometimes referred to as Kees van Houten.

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Curiosity (rover)

Curiosity is a car-sized rover designed to explore Gale Crater on Mars as part of NASA's Mars Science Laboratory mission (MSL).

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Daffy Duck

Daffy Duck is an animated cartoon character produced by Warner Bros. Styled as an anthropomorphic black duck, the character has appeared in cartoon series such as Looney Tunes and Merrie Melodies, where he usually has been depicted as a foil of Bugs Bunny.

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Delta II

Delta II is an expendable launch system, originally designed and built by McDonnell Douglas.

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Duck Dodgers

Duck Edgar Dumas Aloysius Eoghain Dodgers is the metafictional star of a series of cartoons produced by Warner Bros., featuring Daffy Duck in the role of a science fiction hero.

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Eagle (Meridiani Planum crater)

Eagle is a 22-metre long impact crater located on the Meridiani Planum extraterrestrial plain, situated within the Margaritifer Sinus quadrangle (MC-19) portion of the planet Mars.

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Endeavour (crater)

Endeavour is an impact crater located in the Meridiani Planum extraterrestrial plain within the Margaritifer Sinus quadrangle (MC-19) region of the planet Mars.

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Endurance (crater)

Endurance is an impact crater lying situated within the Margaritifer Sinus quadrangle (MC-19) region of the planet Mars.

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Environmental science

Environmental science is an interdisciplinary academic field that integrates physical, biological and information sciences (including ecology, biology, physics, chemistry, plant science, zoology, mineralogy, oceanology, limnology, soil science, geology and physical geography (geodesy), and atmospheric science) to the study of the environment, and the solution of environmental problems.

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Erebus (crater)

Erebus is a crater lying situated within the Margaritifer Sinus quadrangle (MC-19) region of the planet Mars, this extraterrestrial geological feature was visited by the ''Opportunity'' rover on the way to the much larger crater Victoria.

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Esri (a.k.a. Environmental Systems Research Institute) is an international supplier of geographic information system (GIS) software, web GIS and geodatabase management applications.

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ExoMars (rover)

The ExoMars rover is a planned robotic Mars rover, part of the international ExoMars programme led by the European Space Agency and the Russian Roscosmos State Corporation.

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Exploration of Mars

The planet Mars has been explored remotely by spacecraft.

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False color

False color (or false colour) refers to a group of color rendering methods used to display images in color which were recorded in the visible or non-visible parts of the electromagnetic spectrum.

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Forbes is an American business magazine.

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Fram (crater)

Fram is an impact crater located within the Meridiani Planum extraterrestrial plain, situated within the Margaritifer Sinus quadrangle (MC-19) region of the planet Mars.

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Geology of Mars

The geology of Mars is the scientific study of the surface, crust, and interior of the planet Mars.

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Hazcams (short for hazard avoidance cameras) are photographic cameras mounted on the front and rear of NASA's ''Spirit'', ''Opportunity'' and ''Curiosity'' rover missions to Mars and on the lower front portion of Chinese ''Yutu'' rover mission to the Moon.

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Heat shield

A heat shield is designed to shield a substance from absorbing excessive heat from an outside source by either dissipating, reflecting or simply absorbing the heat.

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Heat Shield Rock

No description.

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Hematite, also spelled as haematite, is the mineral form of iron(III) oxide (Fe2O3), one of several iron oxides.

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For the Apple accessory see Twelve South High Resolution Imaging Science Experiment is a camera on board the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter.

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Hydrothermal vent

A hydrothermal vent is a fissure in a planet's surface from which geothermally heated water issues.

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The RAD6000 radiation-hardened single board computer, based on the IBM RISC Single Chip CPU, was manufactured by IBM Federal Systems.

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ICER is a wavelet-based image compression file format used by the NASA Mars Rovers.

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Ingrid van Houten-Groeneveld

Ingrid van Houten-Groeneveld (21 October 1921 – 30 March 2015) was a Dutch astronomer.

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InSight is a robotic lander designed to study the interior of the planet Mars.

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Java (programming language)

Java is a general-purpose computer-programming language that is concurrent, class-based, object-oriented, and specifically designed to have as few implementation dependencies as possible.

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Jonathan's Space Report

Jonathan's Space Report (JSR) is a newsletter about the space age.

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Launch Services Program

Launch Services Program (LSP) is responsible for NASA oversight of launch operations and countdown management, providing added quality and mission assurance in lieu of the requirement for the launch service provider to obtain a commercial launch license.

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Life on Mars

The possibility of life on Mars is a subject of significant interest to astrobiology due to its proximity and similarities to Earth.

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List of missions to Mars

There are a number of derelict orbiters around Mars whose location is not known precisely; there is a proposal to search for small moons, dust rings, and old orbiters with the Optical Navigation Camera on the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter.

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List of rocks on Mars

This is an alphabetical list of named rocks (and meteorites) found on Mars, by mission.

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Lithium battery

Lithium batteries are primary batteries that have lithium as an anode.

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Lithium-ion battery

A lithium-ion battery or Li-ion battery (abbreviated as LIB) is a type of rechargeable battery in which lithium ions move from the negative electrode to the positive electrode during discharge and back when charging.

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Lunokhod 2

Lunokhod 2 (Луноход-2, moon walker) was the second of two unmanned lunar rovers landed on the Moon by the Soviet Union as part of the Lunokhod programme.

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The marathon is a long-distance race, completed by running, walking, or a run/walk strategy.

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Mars is the fourth planet from the Sun and the second-smallest planet in the Solar System after Mercury.

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Mars 2020

Mars 2020 is a Mars rover mission by NASA's Mars Exploration Program with a planned launch in 2020.

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Mars Exploration Program

The Mars Exploration Program (MEP) is a long-term effort to explore the planet Mars, funded and led by NASA.

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Mars Exploration Rover

NASA's Mars Exploration Rover (MER) mission is an ongoing robotic space mission involving two Mars rovers, Spirit and Opportunity, exploring the planet Mars.

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Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter

Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (MRO) is a multipurpose spacecraft designed to conduct reconnaissance and exploration of Mars from orbit.

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Martian soil

Martian soil is the fine regolith found on the surface of Mars.

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Meridiani Planum

Meridiani Planum is a plain located 2 degrees south of Mars' equator (centered at), in the westernmost portion of Terra Meridiani.

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A meteorite is a solid piece of debris from an object, such as a comet, asteroid, or meteoroid, that originates in outer space and survives its passage through the atmosphere to reach the surface of a planet or moon.

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MIMOS II is the miniaturised Mössbauer spectrometer, developed by Dr.

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Mineralogy is a subject of geology specializing in the scientific study of chemistry, crystal structure, and physical (including optical) properties of minerals and mineralized artifacts.

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The Miniature Thermal Emission Spectrometer (Mini-TES) is an infrared spectrometer used for detecting the composition of a material (typically rocks) from a distance.

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The Moon is an astronomical body that orbits planet Earth and is Earth's only permanent natural satellite.

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The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is an independent agency of the executive branch of the United States federal government responsible for the civilian space program, as well as aeronautics and aerospace research.

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Naturaliste (crater)

Naturaliste is an unofficially named crater on Mars.

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Navcam, short for navigational camera, is a type of camera found on certain robotic rovers or spacecraft used for navigation without interfering with scientific instruments.

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Non-volatile memory

Non-volatile memory (NVM) or non-volatile storage is a type of computer memory that can retrieve stored information even after having been power cycled.

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Operating temperature

An operating temperature is the temperature at which an electrical or mechanical device operates.

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Opportunity mission timeline

Opportunity, MER-B (Mars Exploration Rover – B), is a robotic rover active on the planet Mars since 2004.

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Each Pancam is one of two electronic stereo cameras on Mars Exploration Rovers ''Spirit'' and ''Opportunity''.

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In meteorology, precipitation is any product of the condensation of atmospheric water vapor that falls under gravity.

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Radioisotope heater unit

Radioisotope heater units (RHU) are small devices that provide heat through radioactive decay.

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Robotic spacecraft

A robotic spacecraft is an uncrewed spacecraft, usually under telerobotic control.

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Robotics is an interdisciplinary branch of engineering and science that includes mechanical engineering, electronics engineering, computer science, and others.

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Rock Abrasion Tool

The Rock Abrasion Tool (RAT) is a grinding and brushing installation on NASA’s twin Mars Exploration Rovers, Spirit (MER-A) and Opportunity (MER-B), which landed on Mars in January 2004.

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The rocker-bogie system is the suspension arrangement used in the Mars rovers (mechanical robot) introduced for the Mars Pathfinder and also used on the Mars Exploration Rover (MER) and Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) missions.

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Rover (space exploration)

A rover (or sometimes planetary rover) is a space exploration vehicle designed to move across the surface of a planet or other celestial body.

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Safe mode (spacecraft)

Safe mode is an operating mode of a modern spacecraft during which all non-essential systems are shut down and only essential functions such as thermal management, radio reception and attitude control are active.

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Scientific information from the Mars Exploration Rover mission

NASA's 2003 Mars Exploration Rover Mission has amassed an enormous amount of scientific information related to the Martian geology and atmosphere, as well as providing some astronomical observations from Mars.

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Sedimentary rock

Sedimentary rocks are types of rock that are formed by the deposition and subsequent cementation of that material at the Earth's surface and within bodies of water.

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Silicate minerals

Silicate minerals are rock-forming minerals with predominantly silicate anions.

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Sojourner (rover)

Sojourner is the Mars Pathfinder robotic Mars rover that landed on in the Ares Vallis region, and explored Mars for around three months.

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Solander Point

Solander Point is at the north end of the west-southwestern ridgeline of Endeavour crater on the planet Mars.

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Solar panel

Photovoltaic solar panels absorb sunlight as a source of energy to generate electricity.

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Space exploration

Space exploration is the discovery and exploration of celestial structures in outer space by means of evolving and growing space technology.

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Spacecraft Event Time

Spacecraft Event Time (SCET) is the spacecraft-local time for events that happen at the spacecraft.

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Spirit (rover)

Spirit, also known as MER-A (Mars Exploration Rover – A) or MER-2, is a robotic rover on Mars, active from 2004 to 2010.

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Telemetry is an automated communications process by which measurements and other data are collected at remote or inaccessible points and transmitted to receiving equipment for monitoring.

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Timekeeping on Mars

Various schemes have been used or proposed for timekeeping on the planet Mars independently of Earth time and calendars.

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Tom Gehrels

Anton M.J. "Tom" Gehrels (February 21, 1925 – July 11, 2011) was a Dutch–American astronomer, Professor of Planetary Sciences, and Astronomer at the University of Arizona, Tucson.

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Victoria (crater)

Victoria is an impact crater on Mars located at 2.05°S, 5.50°W in the Meridiani Planum extraterrestrial plain, lying situated within the Margaritifer Sinus quadrangle (MC-19) region of the planet Mars.

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Viking program

The Viking program consisted of a pair of American space probes sent to Mars, Viking 1 and Viking 2.

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Water on Mars

Almost all water on Mars today exists as ice, though it also exists in small quantities as vapor in the atmosphere and occasionally as low-volume liquid brines in shallow Martian soil.

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Water vapor

No description.

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World Trade Center (1973–2001)

The original World Trade Center was a large complex of seven buildings in Lower Manhattan, New York City, United States.

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39382 Opportunity

39382 Opportunity, also designated, is a dark Hilidan asteroid from the outermost region of the asteroid belt, approximately 7.5 kilometers in diameter.

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[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Opportunity_(rover)

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