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Opposite (semantics)

Index Opposite (semantics)

In lexical semantics, opposites are words lying in an inherently incompatible binary relationship, like the opposite pairs big: small, long: short, and precede: follow. [1]

22 relations: -onym, Accidental gap, Antithesis, Auto-antonym, Constructed language, Converse (semantics), Damin, Exclusive or, General order, Injunction, Lexical semantics, Lexicon, Litotes, Logical consequence, Logical equivalence, Newspeak, Platypus, Punishment, Referent, Semantic differential, Thesaurus, Unpaired word.


The suffix -onym, in English and other languages, means "word, name", and words ending in -onym refer to a specified kind of name or word, most of which are classical compounds.

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Accidental gap

In linguistics an accidental gap, also known as a gap, accidental lexical gap, lexical gap, lacuna, or hole in the pattern, is a word or other form that does not exist in some language but which would be permitted by the grammatical rules of the language.

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Antithesis (Greek for "setting opposite", from ἀντί "against" and θέσις "placing") is used in writing or speech either as a proposition that contrasts with or reverses some previously mentioned proposition, or when two opposites are introduced together for contrasting effect.

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An auto-antonym or autantonym, also called a contronym or contranym, is a word with multiple meanings (senses) of which one is the reverse of another.

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Constructed language

A constructed language (sometimes called a conlang) is a language whose phonology, grammar, and vocabulary have been consciously devised for human or human-like communication, instead of having developed naturally.

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Converse (semantics)

In linguistics, converses or relational antonyms are pairs of words that refer to a relationship from opposite points of view, such as parent/child or borrow/lend.

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Damin (Demiin in the practical orthography of Lardil) was a ceremonial language register used by the advanced initiated men of the aboriginal Lardil (Leerdil in the practical orthography) and the Yangkaal peoples of Australia.

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Exclusive or

Exclusive or or exclusive disjunction is a logical operation that outputs true only when inputs differ (one is true, the other is false).

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General order

A general order, in military and paramilitary organizations, is a published directive, originated by a commander and binding upon all personnel under his or her command.

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An injunction is an equitable remedy in the form of a court order that compels a party to do or refrain from specific acts.

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Lexical semantics

Lexical semantics (also known as lexicosemantics), is a subfield of linguistic semantics.

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A lexicon, word-hoard, wordbook, or word-stock is the vocabulary of a person, language, or branch of knowledge (such as nautical or medical).

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In rhetoric, litotes is a figure of speech that uses understatement to emphasize a point by stating a negative to further affirm a positive, often incorporating double negatives for effect.

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Logical consequence

Logical consequence (also entailment) is a fundamental concept in logic, which describes the relationship between statements that hold true when one statement logically follows from one or more statements.

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Logical equivalence

In logic, statements p and q are logically equivalent if they have the same logical content.

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Newspeak is the language of Oceania, a fictional totalitarian state ruled by the Party, who created the language to meet the ideological requirements of English Socialism (Ingsoc).

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The platypus (Ornithorhynchus anatinus), sometimes referred to as the duck-billed platypus, is a semiaquatic egg-laying mammal endemic to eastern Australia, including Tasmania.

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A punishment is the imposition of an undesirable or unpleasant outcome upon a group or individual, meted out by an authority—in contexts ranging from child discipline to criminal law—as a response and deterrent to a particular action or behaviour that is deemed undesirable or unacceptable.

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A referent is a person or thing to which a name – a linguistic expression or other symbol – refers.

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Semantic differential

Semantic Differential (SD) is a type of a rating scale designed to measure the connotative meaning of objects, events, and concepts.

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In general usage, a thesaurus is a reference work that lists words grouped together according to similarity of meaning (containing synonyms and sometimes antonyms), in contrast to a dictionary, which provides definitions for words, and generally lists them in alphabetical order.

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Unpaired word

An unpaired word is one that, according to the usual rules of the language, would appear to have a related word but does not.

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Redirects here:

Antonomy, Antonym, Antonyms, Antonymy, Binary antonym, Contrariety.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Opposite_(semantics)

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