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Oracle Database

Index Oracle Database

Oracle Database (commonly referred to as Oracle RDBMS or simply as Oracle) is a multi-model database management system produced and marketed by Oracle Corporation. [1]

189 relations: Abstraction layer, Access control, ADABAS, ADO.NET, Ampex, Application software, Apress, Archive, Assembly language, Automatic Storage Management, Background process, Block (data storage), Bob Miner, Business intelligence, C (programming language), C++, Cache (computing), Central Intelligence Agency, Central processing unit, Client–server model, COBOL, Column-oriented DBMS, Command-line interface, Comparison of object-relational database management systems, Comparison of relational database management systems, Computer cluster, Computer data storage, Computer file, Computer network, Computer science, Concurrency control, Connection pool, Couchbase Server, Customer relationship management, Data dictionary, Data extraction, Data file, Data manipulation language, Data model, Data recovery, Data storage, Data-driven programming, Database, Database dump, Database index, Database schema, Database transaction, Disk array, Distributed database, Ed Oates, ..., Erlang (programming language), Extent (file systems), Failover, Federated database system, File system, Fortran, Geographic information system, Go (programming language), Graphical user interface, Grid computing, Header (computing), High availability, HP-UX, IBM, IBM AIX, IBM Db2, IBM Informix, IBM Power Systems, IBM WebSphere, Information lifecycle management, Innobase, InnoDB, Itanium, Java (programming language), Java Database Connectivity, Java EE Connector Architecture, Java virtual machine, JDeveloper, JSON, Larry Ellison, Library (computing), Linux, Linux on z Systems, List of databases using MVCC, List of relational database management systems, Lock (computer science), Log file, McGraw-Hill Education, Memory segmentation, Microsoft, Microsoft SQL Server, Microsoft Windows, MongoDB, Multi-model database, Network model, Node.js, Object (computer science), Object-relational database, On-premises software, Online analytical processing, Open-source software, Optimal Flexible Architecture, Oracle Advanced Queuing, Oracle Application Express, Oracle Certification Program, Oracle Cloud, Oracle Cloud Platform, Oracle Clusterware, Oracle Corporation, Oracle Data Guard, Oracle Data Mining, Oracle Database Appliance, Oracle Enterprise Manager, Oracle Exadata, Oracle Flashback, Oracle Forms, Oracle Linux, Oracle Multimedia, Oracle Net Services, Oracle OLAP, Oracle RAC, Oracle Real Application Testing, Oracle Reports, Oracle Spatial and Graph, Oracle SQL Developer, Oracle Text, Oracle User Group, Parsing, Partition (database), Patch (computing), PeopleSoft, Per-seat license, Perl, PHP, PL/SQL, PostgreSQL, Principle of least privilege, Process (computing), Professional certification, Proprietary software, Python (programming language), Quality of service, R (programming language), Rawdisk, Red Hat Enterprise Linux, Redo log, Redwood City, California, Relational database management system, Replication (computing), Representational state transfer, Resource Description Framework, RMAN, Ruby (programming language), Ruby on Rails, Rust (programming language), SAP SE, SAS (software), Scalability, Separation of duties, Session (computer science), Session ID, Shared memory, Siebel Systems, Simultaneous multithreading, Small and medium-sized enterprises, Solaris (operating system), SPARC, SQL, SQL*Plus, Stored procedure, Subroutine, Sun Microsystems, SUSE, Sybase, System Global Area, Table (database), Tablespace, Teradata, The Open Source Definition, TimesTen, Tracing (software), Vector processor, View (SQL), Virtual private database, Virtual private network, Web Ontology Language, X86-64, XML, .NET Framework. Expand index (139 more) »

Abstraction layer

In computing, an abstraction layer or abstraction level is a way of hiding the implementation details of a particular set of functionality, allowing the separation of concerns to facilitate interoperability and platform independence.

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Access control

In the fields of physical security and information security, access control (AC) is the selective restriction of access to a place or other resource.

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ADABAS

ADABAS, a contraction of “adaptable database system", is a database package that was developed by Software AG to run on IBM mainframes.

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ADO.NET

ADO.NET is a data access technology from the Microsoft.NET Framework that provides communication between relational and non-relational systems through a common set of components.

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Ampex

Ampex is an American electronics company founded in 1944 by Alexander M. Poniatoff.

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Application software

An application software (app or application for short) is a computer software designed to perform a group of coordinated functions, tasks, or activities for the benefit of the user.

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Apress

Apress Media LLC is a publisher of information technology books, based in New York City.

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Archive

An archive is an accumulation of historical records or the physical place they are located.

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Assembly language

An assembly (or assembler) language, often abbreviated asm, is a low-level programming language, in which there is a very strong (but often not one-to-one) correspondence between the assembly program statements and the architecture's machine code instructions.

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Automatic Storage Management

Automatic Storage Management (ASM) is a feature provided by Oracle Corporation within the Oracle Database from release Oracle 10g (revision 1) onwards.

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Background process

A background process is a computer process that runs behind the scenes (i.e., in the background) and without user intervention.

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Block (data storage)

In computing (specifically data transmission and data storage), a block, sometimes called a physical record, is a sequence of bytes or bits, usually containing some whole number of records, having a maximum length, a block size.

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Bob Miner

Robert Nimrod "Bob" Miner (December 23, 1941 – November 11, 1994) was an American businessman.

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Business intelligence

Business intelligence (BI) comprises the strategies and technologies used by enterprises for the data analysis of business information.

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C (programming language)

C (as in the letter ''c'') is a general-purpose, imperative computer programming language, supporting structured programming, lexical variable scope and recursion, while a static type system prevents many unintended operations.

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C++

C++ ("see plus plus") is a general-purpose programming language.

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Cache (computing)

In computing, a cache, is a hardware or software component that stores data so future requests for that data can be served faster; the data stored in a cache might be the result of an earlier computation, or the duplicate of data stored elsewhere.

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Central Intelligence Agency

The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) is a civilian foreign intelligence service of the United States federal government, tasked with gathering, processing, and analyzing national security information from around the world, primarily through the use of human intelligence (HUMINT).

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Central processing unit

A central processing unit (CPU) is the electronic circuitry within a computer that carries out the instructions of a computer program by performing the basic arithmetic, logical, control and input/output (I/O) operations specified by the instructions.

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Client–server model

The client–server model is a distributed application structure that partitions tasks or workloads between the providers of a resource or service, called servers, and service requesters, called clients.

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COBOL

COBOL (an acronym for "common business-oriented language") is a compiled English-like computer programming language designed for business use.

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Column-oriented DBMS

"A column-oriented DBMS"(or columnar database management system) is a database management system (DBMS) that stores data tables by column rather than by row.

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Command-line interface

A command-line interface or command language interpreter (CLI), also known as command-line user interface, console user interface and character user interface (CUI), is a means of interacting with a computer program where the user (or client) issues commands to the program in the form of successive lines of text (command lines).

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Comparison of object-relational database management systems

This is a comparison of object-relational database management systems (ORDBMSs).

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Comparison of relational database management systems

The following tables compare general and technical information for a number of relational database management systems.

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Computer cluster

A computer cluster is a set of loosely or tightly connected computers that work together so that, in many respects, they can be viewed as a single system.

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Computer data storage

Computer data storage, often called storage or memory, is a technology consisting of computer components and recording media that are used to retain digital data.

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Computer file

A computer file is a computer resource for recording data discretely in a computer storage device.

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Computer network

A computer network, or data network, is a digital telecommunications network which allows nodes to share resources.

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Computer science

Computer science deals with the theoretical foundations of information and computation, together with practical techniques for the implementation and application of these foundations.

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Concurrency control

In information technology and computer science, especially in the fields of computer programming, operating systems, multiprocessors, and databases, concurrency control ensures that correct results for concurrent operations are generated, while getting those results as quickly as possible.

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Connection pool

In software engineering, a connection pool is a cache of database connections maintained so that the connections can be reused when future requests to the database are required.

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Couchbase Server

Couchbase Server, originally known as Membase, is an open-source, distributed (shared-nothing architecture) multi-model NoSQL document-oriented database software package that is optimized for interactive applications.

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Customer relationship management

Customer relationship management (CRM) is an approach to manage a company's interaction with current and potential customers.

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Data dictionary

A data dictionary, or metadata repository, as defined in the IBM Dictionary of Computing, is a "centralized repository of information about data such as meaning, relationships to other data, origin, usage, and format".

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Data extraction

Data extraction is the act or process of retrieving data out of (usually unstructured or poorly structured) data sources for further data processing or data storage (data migration).

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Data file

A Data file is a computer file which stores data to be used by a computer application or system.

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Data manipulation language

A data manipulation language (DML) is a computer programming language used for adding (inserting), deleting, and modifying (updating) data in a database.

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Data model

A data model (or datamodel) is a set of tables, linked by relationships and is an abstract model that organizes elements of data and standardizes how they relate to one another and to properties of the real world entities.

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Data recovery

In computing, data recovery is a process of salvaging (retrieving) inaccessible, lost, corrupted, damaged or formatted data from secondary storage, removable media or files, when the data stored in them cannot be accessed in a normal way.

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Data storage

Data storage is the recording (storing) of information (data) in a storage medium.

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Data-driven programming

In computer programming, data-driven programming is a programming paradigm in which the program statements describe the data to be matched and the processing required rather than defining a sequence of steps to be taken.

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Database

A database is an organized collection of data, stored and accessed electronically.

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Database dump

A database dump (also: SQL dump) contains a record of the table structure and/or the data from a database and is usually in the form of a list of SQL statements.

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Database index

A database index is a data structure that improves the speed of data retrieval operations on a database table at the cost of additional writes and storage space to maintain the index data structure.

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Database schema

The database schema of a database system is its structure described in a formal language supported by the database management system (DBMS).

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Database transaction

A transaction symbolizes a unit of work performed within a database management system (or similar system) against a database, and treated in a coherent and reliable way independent of other transactions.

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Disk array

Typically a disk array provides increased availability, resiliency, and maintainability by using existing components (controllers, power supplies, fans, etc.), often up to the point where all single points of failure (SPOFs) are eliminated from the design.

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Distributed database

A distributed database is a database in which storage devices are not all attached to a common processor.

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Ed Oates

Edward A. "Ed" Oates (born 1946) is an American businessman.

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Erlang (programming language)

Erlang is a general-purpose, concurrent, functional programming language, as well as a garbage-collected runtime system.

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Extent (file systems)

An extent is a contiguous area of storage reserved for a file in a file system, represented as a range of block numbers.

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Failover

In computing and related technologies such as networking, failover is switching to a redundant or standby computer server, system, hardware component or network upon the failure or abnormal termination of the previously active application, server, system, hardware component, or network.

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Federated database system

A federated database system is a type of meta-database management system (DBMS), which transparently maps multiple autonomous database systems into a single federated database.

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File system

In computing, a file system or filesystem controls how data is stored and retrieved.

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Fortran

Fortran (formerly FORTRAN, derived from Formula Translation) is a general-purpose, compiled imperative programming language that is especially suited to numeric computation and scientific computing.

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Geographic information system

A geographic information system (GIS) is a system designed to capture, store, manipulate, analyze, manage, and present spatial or geographic data.

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Go (programming language)

Go (often referred to as Golang) is a programming language created at Google in 2009 by Robert Griesemer, Rob Pike, and Ken Thompson.

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Graphical user interface

The graphical user interface (GUI), is a type of user interface that allows users to interact with electronic devices through graphical icons and visual indicators such as secondary notation, instead of text-based user interfaces, typed command labels or text navigation.

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Grid computing

Grid computing is the collection of computer resources from multiple locations to reach a common goal.

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Header (computing)

In information technology, header refers to supplemental data placed at the beginning of a block of data being stored or transmitted.

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High availability

High availability is a characteristic of a system, which aims to ensure an agreed level of operational performance, usually uptime, for a higher than normal period.

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HP-UX

HP-UX (from "Hewlett Packard Unix") is Hewlett Packard Enterprise's proprietary implementation of the Unix operating system, based on UNIX System V (initially System III) and first released in 1984.

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IBM

The International Business Machines Corporation (IBM) is an American multinational technology company headquartered in Armonk, New York, United States, with operations in over 170 countries.

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IBM AIX

AIX (Advanced Interactive eXecutive, pronounced) is a series of proprietary Unix operating systems developed and sold by IBM for several of its computer platforms.

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IBM Db2

IBM Db2 contains database-server products developed by IBM.

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IBM Informix

IBM Informix is a product family within IBM's Information Management division that is centered on several relational database management system (RDBMS) offerings.

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IBM Power Systems

Power Systems is IBM's Power Architecture-based server line.

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IBM WebSphere

IBM WebSphere refers to a brand of computer software products in the genre of enterprise software known as "application and integration middleware".

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Information lifecycle management

Information lifecycle management (ILM) refers to strategies for administering storage systems on computing devices.

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Innobase

Innobase Oy was a Finnish company headquartered in Helsinki, Finland.

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InnoDB

InnoDB is a storage engine for the database management system MySQL.

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Itanium

Itanium is a family of 64-bit Intel microprocessors that implement the Intel Itanium architecture (formerly called IA-64).

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Java (programming language)

Java is a general-purpose computer-programming language that is concurrent, class-based, object-oriented, and specifically designed to have as few implementation dependencies as possible.

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Java Database Connectivity

Java Database Connectivity (JDBC) is an application programming interface (API) for the programming language Java, which defines how a client may access a database.

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Java EE Connector Architecture

Java EE Connector Architecture (JCA) is a Java-based technology solution for connecting application servers and enterprise information systems (EIS) as part of enterprise application integration (EAI) solutions.

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Java virtual machine

A Java virtual machine (JVM) is a virtual machine that enables a computer to run Java programs as well as programs written in other languages and compiled to Java bytecode.

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JDeveloper

JDeveloper is a freeware IDE supplied by Oracle Corporation.

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JSON

In computing, JavaScript Object Notation or JSON ("Jason") is an open-standard file format that uses human-readable text to transmit data objects consisting of attribute–value pairs and array data types (or any other serializable value).

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Larry Ellison

Lawrence Joseph Ellison (born August 17, 1944) is an American businessman, entrepreneur, and philanthropist who is co-founder, executive chairman and chief technology officer of Oracle Corporation.

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Library (computing)

In computer science, a library is a collection of non-volatile resources used by computer programs, often for software development.

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Linux

Linux is a family of free and open-source software operating systems built around the Linux kernel.

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Linux on z Systems

Linux on IBM Z (or Linux on z for short, and previously Linux on z Systems) is the collective term for the Linux operating system compiled to run on IBM mainframes, especially IBM Z and IBM LinuxONE servers.

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List of databases using MVCC

The following database management systems and other software use multiversion concurrency control.

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List of relational database management systems

This is a list of relational database management systems.

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Lock (computer science)

In computer science, a lock or mutex (from mutual exclusion) is a synchronization mechanism for enforcing limits on access to a resource in an environment where there are many threads of execution.

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Log file

In computing, a log file is a file that records either events that occur in an operating system or other software runs, or messages between different users of a communication software.

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McGraw-Hill Education

McGraw-Hill Education (MHE) is a learning science company and one of the "big three" educational publishers that provides customized educational content, software, and services for pre-K through postgraduate education.

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Memory segmentation

Memory segmentation is the division of a computer's primary memory into segments or sections.

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Microsoft

Microsoft Corporation (abbreviated as MS) is an American multinational technology company with headquarters in Redmond, Washington.

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Microsoft SQL Server

Microsoft SQL Server is a relational database management system developed by Microsoft.

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Microsoft Windows

Microsoft Windows is a group of several graphical operating system families, all of which are developed, marketed, and sold by Microsoft.

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MongoDB

MongoDB is a free and open-source cross-platform document-oriented database program.

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Multi-model database

Most database management systems are organized around a single data model that determines how data can be organized, stored, and manipulated.

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Network model

The network model is a database model conceived as a flexible way of representing objects and their relationships.

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Node.js

Node.js is an open-source, cross-platform JavaScript run-time environment that executes JavaScript code server-side.

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Object (computer science)

In computer science, an object can be a variable, a data structure, a function, or a method, and as such, is a value in memory referenced by an identifier.

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Object-relational database

An object-relational database (ORD), or object-relational database management system (ORDBMS), is a database management system (DBMS) similar to a relational database, but with an object-oriented database model: objects, classes and inheritance are directly supported in database schemas and in the query language.

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On-premises software

On-premises software (sometimes misspelled "on-premise" or abbreviated as "on-prem") is installed and runs on computers on the premises (in the building) of the person or organization using the software, rather than at a remote facility such as a server farm or cloud.

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Online analytical processing

Online analytical processing, or OLAP, is an approach to answering multi-dimensional analytical (MDA) queries swiftly in computing.

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Open-source software

Open-source software (OSS) is a type of computer software whose source code is released under a license in which the copyright holder grants users the rights to study, change, and distribute the software to anyone and for any purpose.

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Optimal Flexible Architecture

Optimal Flexible Architecture (OFA), a standard of Oracle Corporation, encourages consistent layouts when installing and configuring the Oracle Database product on computer systems.

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Oracle Advanced Queuing

In computing, Oracle Advanced Queuing (AQ) is a sort of message-oriented middleware developed by Oracle Corporation and integrated into its Oracle database.

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Oracle Application Express

Oracle Application Express (abbreviated APEX, previously named Oracle HTML DB) is a web-based software development environment that runs on an Oracle database.

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Oracle Certification Program

The Oracle Certification Program certifies candidates on skills and knowledge related to Oracle products and technologies.

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Oracle Cloud

Oracle Cloud is a cloud computing service offered by Oracle Corporation providing servers, storage, network, applications and services through a global network of Oracle Corporation managed data centers.

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Oracle Cloud Platform

Oracle Cloud Platform (OCP) is part of Oracle Cloud.

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Oracle Clusterware

Oracle Clusterware is the cross-platform cluster software required to run the Real Application Clusters (RAC) option for Oracle Database.

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Oracle Corporation

Oracle Corporation is an American multinational computer technology corporation, headquartered in Redwood Shores, California.

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Oracle Data Guard

The software which Oracle Corporation markets as Oracle Data Guard forms an extension to the Oracle relational database management system (RDBMS).

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Oracle Data Mining

Oracle Data Mining (ODM) is an option of Oracle Corporation's Relational Database Management System (RDBMS) Enterprise Edition (EE).

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Oracle Database Appliance

Oracle Corporation introduced the Oracle Database Appliance in September 2011 as a member of Oracle's family of engineered systems (a group of combined hardware-and-software systems designed to provide a specific function — in this case, that of a database server).

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Oracle Enterprise Manager

Oracle Enterprise Manager (OEM or EM) is a set of web-based tools aimed at managing software and hardware produced by Oracle Corporation as well as by some non-Oracle entities.

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Oracle Exadata

The Oracle Exadata Database Machine is a combined compute and storage system marketed for running Oracle Database software.

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Oracle Flashback

In Oracle databases, Flashback tools allow administrators and users to view and manipulate past states of an instance's data without (destructively) recovering to a fixed point in time.

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Oracle Forms

Oracle Forms is a software product for creating screens that interact with an Oracle database.

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Oracle Linux

Oracle Linux (OL, formerly known as Oracle Enterprise Linux) is a Linux distribution packaged and freely distributed by Oracle, available partially under the GNU General Public License since late 2006.

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Oracle Multimedia

Oracle Multimedia (formerly Oracle interMedia from versions 8 to 10gR2) is a feature available for Oracle databases, which provides multimedia utilities in a database environment, generating as a result a multimedia database (MMDB).

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Oracle Net Services

In the field of database computing, Oracle Net Services consists of sets of software which enable client applications to establish and maintain network sessions with Oracle Database servers.

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Oracle OLAP

The Oracle Database OLAP Option implements On-line Analytical Processing (OLAP) within an Oracle database environment.

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Oracle RAC

In database computing, Oracle Real Application Clusters (RAC) — an option for the Oracle Database software produced by Oracle Corporation and introduced in 2001 with Oracle9i — provides software for clustering and high availability in Oracle database environments.

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Oracle Real Application Testing

In database computing, Oracle Real Application Testing (RAT) provides a separately-licensed environment for controlled and reproducible testing of Oracle database use and changes.

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Oracle Reports

Oracle Reports is a tool for developing reports against data stored in an Oracle database.

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Oracle Spatial and Graph

Oracle Spatial and Graph, formerly Oracle Spatial, forms a separately-licensed option component of the Oracle Database.

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Oracle SQL Developer

Oracle SQL Developer is an Integrated development environment (IDE) for working with SQL in Oracle databases.

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Oracle Text

Oracle Text is search engine and text analysis software developed and sold by Oracle Corporation.

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Oracle User Group

An Oracle User Group is a private, generally non-profit or not-for-profit organization that provides support and education for users of Oracle Corporation technology, particularly for professional users, however student user groups have also been established.

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Parsing

Parsing, syntax analysis or syntactic analysis is the process of analysing a string of symbols, either in natural language, computer languages or data structures, conforming to the rules of a formal grammar.

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Partition (database)

A partition is a division of a logical database or its constituent elements into distinct independent parts.

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Patch (computing)

A patch is a set of changes to a computer program or its supporting data designed to update, fix, or improve it.

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PeopleSoft

PeopleSoft, Inc. was a company that provided human resource management systems (HRMS), Financial Management Solutions (FMS), supply chain management (SCM), customer relationship management (CRM), and enterprise performance management (EPM) software, as well as software for manufacturing, and student administration to large corporations, governments, and organizations.

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Per-seat license

A Per-seat license is a software license model based on the number of individual users who have access to a digital service or product.

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Perl

Perl is a family of two high-level, general-purpose, interpreted, dynamic programming languages, Perl 5 and Perl 6.

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PHP

PHP: Hypertext Preprocessor (or simply PHP) is a server-side scripting language designed for Web development, but also used as a general-purpose programming language.

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PL/SQL

PL/SQL (Procedural Language/Structured Query Language) is Oracle Corporation's procedural extension for SQL and the Oracle relational database.

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PostgreSQL

PostgreSQL, often simply Postgres, is an object-relational database management system (ORDBMS) with an emphasis on extensibility and standards compliance.

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Principle of least privilege

In information security, computer science, and other fields, the principle of least privilege (PoLP, also known as the principle of minimal privilege or the principle of least authority) requires that in a particular abstraction layer of a computing environment, every module (such as a process, a user, or a program, depending on the subject) must be able to access only the information and resources that are necessary for its legitimate purpose.

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Process (computing)

In computing, a process is an instance of a computer program that is being executed.

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Professional certification

Professional certification, trade certification, or professional designation, often called simply certification or qualification, is a designation earned by a person to assure qualification to perform a job or task.

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Proprietary software

Proprietary software is non-free computer software for which the software's publisher or another person retains intellectual property rights—usually copyright of the source code, but sometimes patent rights.

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Python (programming language)

Python is an interpreted high-level programming language for general-purpose programming.

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Quality of service

Quality of service (QoS) is the description or measurement of the overall performance of a service, such as a telephony or computer network or a cloud computing service, particularly the performance seen by the users of the network.

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R (programming language)

R is a programming language and free software environment for statistical computing and graphics that is supported by the R Foundation for Statistical Computing.

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Rawdisk

In computing, the term raw disk is used to refer to hard disk access at a raw, binary level, beneath the file system level, and using partition data at the MBR.

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Red Hat Enterprise Linux

Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL) is a Linux distribution developed by Red Hat and targeted toward the commercial market.

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Redo log

In the Oracle RDBMS environment, redo logs comprise files in a proprietary format which log a history of all changes made to the database.

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Redwood City, California

Redwood City is a city on the San Francisco Peninsula in Northern California's Bay Area, approximately south of San Francisco, and northwest of San Jose.

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Relational database management system

A relational database management system (RDBMS) is a database management system (DBMS) based on the relational model invented by Edgar F. Codd at IBM's San Jose Research Laboratory.

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Replication (computing)

Replication in computing involves sharing information so as to ensure consistency between redundant resources, such as software or hardware components, to improve reliability, fault-tolerance, or accessibility.

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Representational state transfer

Representational State Transfer (REST) is an architectural style that defines a set of constraints and properties based on HTTP.

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Resource Description Framework

The Resource Description Framework (RDF) is a family of World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) specifications originally designed as a metadata data model.

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RMAN

RMAN (Recovery Manager) is a backup and recovery manager supplied for Oracle databases (from version 8) created by the Oracle Corporation.

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Ruby (programming language)

Ruby is a dynamic, interpreted, reflective, object-oriented, general-purpose programming language.

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Ruby on Rails

Ruby on Rails, or Rails, is a server-side web application framework written in Ruby under the MIT License.

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Rust (programming language)

Rust is a systems programming language sponsored by Mozilla which describes it as a "safe, concurrent, practical language," supporting functional and imperative-procedural paradigms.

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SAP SE

SAP SE (Systeme, Anwendungen und Produkte in der Datenverarbeitung, "Systems, Applications & Products in Data Processing") is a German-based European multinational software corporation that makes enterprise software to manage business operations and customer relations.

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SAS (software)

SAS (previously "Statistical Analysis System") is a software suite developed by SAS Institute for advanced analytics, multivariate analyses, business intelligence, data management, and predictive analytics.

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Scalability

Scalability is the capability of a system, network, or process to handle a growing amount of work, or its potential to be enlarged to accommodate that growth.

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Separation of duties

Separation of duties (SoD)(Also known as Segregation of Duties) is the concept of having more than one person required to complete a task.

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Session (computer science)

In computer science, in particular networking, a session is a semi-permanent interactive information interchange between two or more communicating devices, or between a computer and user (see login session).

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Session ID

In computer science, a session identifier, session ID or session token is a piece of data that is used in network communications (often over HTTP) to identify a session, a series of related message exchanges.

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Shared memory

In computer science, shared memory is memory that may be simultaneously accessed by multiple programs with an intent to provide communication among them or avoid redundant copies.

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Siebel Systems

Siebel CRM Systems, Inc. was a software company principally engaged in the design, development, marketing, and support of customer relationship management (CRM) applications.

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Simultaneous multithreading

Simultaneous multithreading (SMT) is a technique for improving the overall efficiency of superscalar CPUs with hardware multithreading.

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Small and medium-sized enterprises

Small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs, also small and medium enterprises) or small and medium-sized businesses (SMBs) are businesses whose personnel numbers fall below certain limits.

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Solaris (operating system)

Solaris is a Unix operating system originally developed by Sun Microsystems.

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SPARC

SPARC, for Scalable Processor Architecture, is a reduced instruction set computing (RISC) instruction set architecture (ISA) originally developed by Sun Microsystems.

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SQL

SQL (S-Q-L, "sequel"; Structured Query Language) is a domain-specific language used in programming and designed for managing data held in a relational database management system (RDBMS), or for stream processing in a relational data stream management system (RDSMS).

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SQL*Plus

SQL*Plus is the most basic Oracle Database utility, with a basic command-line interface, commonly used by users, administrators, and programmers.

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Stored procedure

A stored procedure (also termed proc, storp, sproc, StoPro, StoredProc, StoreProc, sp, or SP) is a subroutine available to applications that access a relational database management system (RDBMS).

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Subroutine

In computer programming, a subroutine is a sequence of program instructions that performs a specific task, packaged as a unit.

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Sun Microsystems

Sun Microsystems, Inc. was an American company that sold computers, computer components, software, and information technology services and created the Java programming language, the Solaris operating system, ZFS, the Network File System (NFS), and SPARC.

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SUSE

SUSE is a German-based, multinational, open-source software company that develops and sells Linux products to business customers.

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Sybase

Sybase was an enterprise software and services company that produced software to manage and analyze information in relational databases.

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System Global Area

In the database management systems developed by the Oracle Corporation, the System Global Area (SGA) forms the part of the system memory (RAM) shared by all the processes belonging to a single Oracle database instance.

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Table (database)

A table is a collection of related data held in a structured format within a database.

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Tablespace

A tablespace is a storage location where the actual data underlying database objects can be kept.

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Teradata

Teradata Corporation is a provider of database and analytics-related products and services.

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The Open Source Definition

The Open Source Definition is a document published by the Open Source Initiative, to determine whether a software license can be labeled with the open-source certification mark.

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TimesTen

TimesTen is an in-memory, relational database management system with persistence and recoverability.

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Tracing (software)

In software engineering, tracing involves a specialized use of logging to record information about a program's execution.

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Vector processor

In computing, a vector processor or array processor is a central processing unit (CPU) that implements an instruction set containing instructions that operate on one-dimensional arrays of data called vectors, compared to scalar processors, whose instructions operate on single data items.

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View (SQL)

In a database, a view is the result set of a stored query on the data, which the database users can query just as they would in a persistent database collection object.

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Virtual private database

A virtual private database or VPD masks data in a larger database so that only a subset of the data appears to exist, without actually segregating data into different tables, schemas or databases.

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Virtual private network

A virtual private network (VPN) extends a private network across a public network, and enables users to send and receive data across shared or public networks as if their computing devices were directly connected to the private network.

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Web Ontology Language

The Web Ontology Language (OWL) is a family of knowledge representation languages for authoring ontologies.

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X86-64

x86-64 (also known as x64, x86_64, AMD64 and Intel 64) is the 64-bit version of the x86 instruction set.

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XML

In computing, Extensible Markup Language (XML) is a markup language that defines a set of rules for encoding documents in a format that is both human-readable and machine-readable.

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.NET Framework

.NET Framework (pronounced dot net) is a software framework developed by Microsoft that runs primarily on Microsoft Windows.

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References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oracle_Database

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