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Index Oradea

Oradea (Großwardein, Nagyvárad, Hungarian pronunciation:, colloquially also Várad, former Varat, גרויסווארדיין Groysvardeyn) the capital city of Bihor County and Crișana region, is one of the important centers of economic, social and cultural development in the western part of Romania, retaining these characteristics throughout history. [1]

219 relations: Administrative divisions of Romania, Agora University, Albert Ströck, Andrew II of Hungary, Andrew III of Hungary, Arad, Romania, Arena Antonio Alexe, Art Nouveau, Asteris Koutoulas, Astronomical clock, Attila Kun, Auschwitz concentration camp, Austria-Hungary, Austrians, Ödön Beöthy, Balmazújváros, Baptist Union of Romania, Baptists, Baroque, Basarab I of Wallachia, Basketball Champions League, Battle of Debrecen, Bauxite, Băile Felix, Beatrice of Luxembourg, Biharia, Biharkeresztes, Bihor County, Boii, Bologna, Borș, Bihor, Brill Publishers, Brusturi, Bihor, Cabinet of Israel, Cantemir, Oradea, Cathedral Basilica of St. Mary, Oradea, Catholic Church, Cetariu, Ceyrat, Charles I of Hungary, Chevra kadisha, Citadel, Claudiu Keșerü, Club Atletic Oradea, Cluj-Napoca, Constantin Șerban, Coslada, Cosmin Bărcăuan, Counties of Romania, Crișana, ..., Crișul Repede (river), Cristian Petre, Crown of the Kingdom of Poland, CS Luceafărul Oradea, CSM Digi Oradea, CSM U Oradea, Dacians, Debrecen, Demographic history of Romania, Destination spa, Dinosaur, Diocese, Diocese of Oradea Mare, Eastern European Summer Time, Eastern European Time, Ede Szigligeti, Elemér Berkessy, Eliezer Berkovits, Emanoil Gojdu, Emanuel University, Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition, Endre Kabos, Episcopal palace, Oradea, Epoch (reference date), Equestrian statue, Erik Lincar, Ernő Grünbaum, Eyalet, Faculty (division), FC Bihor Oradea, Fenenna of Kuyavia, Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor, Fossil, Francisc Spielmann, Free will, Friedrich Schorr, Gabriel Báthory, Georg von Peuerbach, George II Rákóczi, Georges Politzer, Gheorghe Ștefan, Givatayim, Gothic architecture, Government of National Unity (Hungary), Grammar school, Győr, Habsburg Monarchy, Hasidic Judaism, Hebrews, History, Humid continental climate, Hungarian language, Hungarian Revolution of 1848, Hungarians, Hungary, Ioșia, Ion Adrian Zare, Iosif Demian, Israel, Iuliu Baratky, Júlia Várady, Jewish Encyclopedia, John Zápolya, Köppen climate classification, King of Hungary, Kingdom of Hungary, Kingdom of Romania, Ladislaus I of Hungary, Lajos Bíró, Languages of Romania, Latin, Latium, LEN Champions League, LEN Euro Cup, Liga II, Liga Națională (men's basketball), Linköping, List of cities and towns in Romania, Mantua, Marius Popa, Market economy, Mary, Queen of Hungary, Michael the Brave, Mihai Neșu, Miron Costin, Mongol invasion of Europe, Municipiu, Nagyhalász, National Institute of Statistics (Romania), National Liberal Party (Romania), Nazi Germany, Nándor Wagner, Neolog Judaism, New York City, Nojorid, Northern Transylvania, Nufărul, Nusach Ashkenaz, Nusach Sefard, Oșorhei, Operation Margarethe, Oradea ghetto, Oradea International Airport, Order of Saint Benedict, Orthodox Judaism, Ottoman Empire, Ottoman wars in Europe, Padua, Paleu, Paris Peace Treaties, 1947, Patron saint, Paul Popovici, Péter Pázmány, Pentecostal Union of Romania, Prince of Transylvania, Principality of Transylvania (1570–1711), Public domain, Rózsika Rothschild, Red Army, Reformed Church in Romania, Reuven Tsur, Rogerius, Oradea, Roman Catholic Diocese of Oradea Mare, Roman Dacia, Roman Empire, Romani people in Romania, Romania, Romanian Greek Catholic Church, Romanian language, Romanian Orthodox Church, Romanian Superliga (water polo), Romanians, Ruthenians, Salonta, Sânmartin, Bihor, Sântandrei, Săcueni, Schism in Hungarian Jewry, Second Vienna Award, Sigismund Báthory, Sigismund, Holy Roman Emperor, Sister city, SK Rapid Wien, Slovaks, Soup kitchen, Staten Island, Stephen II of Hungary, Steppe Front, The Holocaust, Tileagd, Titus Popovici, Transylvania, Treaty of Trianon, Turkish people, University of Oradea, Varat Eyalet, Velența, Venice, Vie, Vienna, Vocational school, Wallonia, Willowbrook, Staten Island, World War I, Yehuda Amital, Yeshiva, Zeno Bundea, Zobor Abbey, Zoltan Crișan. Expand index (169 more) »

Administrative divisions of Romania

Romania's administration is relatively centralized and administrative subdivisions are therefore fairly simplified.

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Agora University

On 10 January 2000, in Oradea was founded the Agora Foundation as a non profit, non governmental, non-political, independent organization, having a humanitarian and non-patrimonial purpose and it was enrolled into the Register of associations and foundations as a private juridical entity.

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Albert Ströck

Albert Ströck, also known as Adalbert Ströck and Albert Török (12 February 1903 – 9 May 1971), was a Romanian-Hungarian footballer who played for Nagyváradi AC, Újpest FC and also for Romania and Hungary.

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Andrew II of Hungary

Andrew II (II., Andrija II., Ondrej II., Андрій II; 117721 September 1235), also known as Andrew of Jerusalem, was King of Hungary and Croatia between 1205 and 1235.

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Andrew III of Hungary

Andrew III the Venetian (III., Andrija III., Ondrej III.; 126514 January 1301) was King of Hungary and Croatia between 1290 and 1301.

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Arad, Romania

Arad (Arad; Арад/Arad) is the capital city of Arad County, historically situated in the region of Crișana, and having recently extended on the left bank of the Mureș river, in Banat region of western Romania.

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Arena Antonio Alexe

Arena Antonio Alexe is an indoor arena that is located in Oradea, Romania.

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Art Nouveau

Art Nouveau is an international style of art, architecture and applied art, especially the decorative arts, that was most popular between 1890 and 1910.

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Asteris Koutoulas

Asteris Koutoulas (sometimes spelt Asteris Kutulas) (Αστέρης Κούτουλας) was born in Oradea on 5 April 1960.

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Astronomical clock

An astronomical clock is a clock with special mechanisms and dials to display astronomical information, such as the relative positions of the sun, moon, zodiacal constellations, and sometimes major planets.

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Attila Kun

Attila Kun (also known as Attila Kun II; born 9 March 1949) is a Romanian of Hungarian ethnicity former professional footballer and currently manager of FC 09 Überlingen (youth).

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Auschwitz concentration camp

Auschwitz concentration camp was a network of concentration and extermination camps built and operated by Nazi Germany in occupied Poland during World War II.

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Austria-Hungary, often referred to as the Austro-Hungarian Empire or the Dual Monarchy in English-language sources, was a constitutional union of the Austrian Empire (the Kingdoms and Lands Represented in the Imperial Council, or Cisleithania) and the Kingdom of Hungary (Lands of the Crown of Saint Stephen or Transleithania) that existed from 1867 to 1918, when it collapsed as a result of defeat in World War I. The union was a result of the Austro-Hungarian Compromise of 1867 and came into existence on 30 March 1867.

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Austrians (Österreicher) are a Germanic nation and ethnic group, native to modern Austria and South Tyrol that share a common Austrian culture, Austrian descent and Austrian history.

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Ödön Beöthy

Ödön Beöthy (1796–1854), Hungarian deputy and orator, was born in Nagyvárad, Hungary (today Oradea, Romania), his father being a retired officer and deputy lord-lieutenant of Bihar County.

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Balmazújváros (Bâlmașuivăroș), (Balmazójwarosz), (Neustadt auf d. Heiduckenboden), (Balmašujvaroš), (Bülmajuyvaroş) is a town in Hajdú-Bihar county, in the Northern Great Plain region of eastern Hungary.

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Baptist Union of Romania

The Baptist Union of Romania (Uniunea Baptistă din România) is an alliance of Baptist churches for cooperative ministry in Romania.

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Baptists are Christians distinguished by baptizing professing believers only (believer's baptism, as opposed to infant baptism), and doing so by complete immersion (as opposed to affusion or sprinkling).

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The Baroque is a highly ornate and often extravagant style of architecture, art and music that flourished in Europe from the early 17th until the late 18th century.

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Basarab I of Wallachia

Basarab I, also known as Basarab the Founder (Basarab Întemeietorul), was a voivode, and later the first independent ruler of Wallachia who lived in the first half of the.

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Basketball Champions League

The Basketball Champions League (BCL) is an annual professional basketball club competition organised by FIBA for eligible European basketball clubs.

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Battle of Debrecen

The Battle of Debrecen, called by the Red Army the Debrecen Offensive Operation, was a battle taking place 6–29 October 1944 on the Eastern Front during World War II.

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Bauxite is a sedimentary rock with a relatively high aluminium content.

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Băile Felix

Băile Felix (Félixfürdő) is a thermal spa resort near the commune of Sânmartin in Bihor County, Transylvania, Romania.

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Beatrice of Luxembourg

Beatrice of Luxembourg (1305 – 11 November 1319), was by birth member of the House of Luxembourg and by marriage Queen of Hungary.

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Biharia (Bihar) is a commune in Bihor County, northwestern Romania.

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Biharkeresztes is a town in Hajdú-Bihar county, in the Northern Great Plain region of eastern Hungary.

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Bihor County

Bihor is a county (județ) of Romania, in Crișana.

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The Boii (Latin plural, singular Boius; Βόιοι) were a Gallic tribe of the later Iron Age, attested at various times in Cisalpine Gaul (northern Italy), Pannonia (Hungary and its western neighbours), parts of Bavaria, in and around Bohemia (after whom the region is named in most languages; comprising the bulk of the Czech Republic), and Gallia Narbonensis.

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Bologna (Bulåggna; Bononia) is the capital and largest city of the Emilia-Romagna Region in Northern Italy.

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Borș, Bihor

Borș (Bors) is a commune in Bihor County, northwestern Romania.

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Brill Publishers

Brill (known as E. J. Brill, Koninklijke Brill, Brill Academic Publishers) is a Dutch international academic publisher founded in 1683 in Leiden, Netherlands.

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Brusturi, Bihor

Brusturi (Tataros) is a commune in Bihor County, northwestern Romania with a population of 3,469 people.

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Cabinet of Israel

The Government of Israel (officially: ממשלת ישראל Memshelet Yisrael) exercises executive authority in the State of Israel.

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Cantemir, Oradea

Cantemir is a district of the Romanian city of Oradea.

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Cathedral Basilica of St. Mary, Oradea

The Cathedral Basilica of St.

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Catholic Church

The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with more than 1.299 billion members worldwide.

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Cetariu (Hegyközcsatár) is a commune in Bihor County, northwestern Romania with a population of 2,165 people.

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Ceyrat is a commune in the Puy-de-Dôme department in Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes in central France.

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Charles I of Hungary

Charles I, also known as Charles Robert (Károly Róbert; Karlo Robert; Karol Róbert; 128816 July 1342) was King of Hungary and Croatia from 1308 to his death.

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Chevra kadisha

A chevra kadisha (Hevra kadishah) (Aramaic: חֶבְרָה קַדִישָא, Ḥebh'ra Qaddisha "holy society") is an organization of Jewish men and women who see to it that the bodies of deceased Jews are prepared for burial according to Jewish tradition and are protected from desecration, willful or not, until burial.

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A citadel is the core fortified area of a town or city.

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Claudiu Keșerü

Claudiu Andrei Keșerü (born 2 December 1986) is a Romanian professional footballer who plays mainly as a striker for Bulgarian club Ludogorets Razgrad and the Romania national team.

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Club Atletic Oradea

Asociația Club Sportiv CAO 1910 Oradea, commonly known as Club Atletic Oradea, CA Oradea, or simply CAO, is an amateur Romanian football club based in Oradea, Bihor County.

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Cluj-Napoca (Klausenburg; Kolozsvár,; Medieval Latin: Castrum Clus, Claudiopolis; and קלויזנבורג, Kloiznburg), commonly known as Cluj, is the fourth most populous city in Romania, and the seat of Cluj County in the northwestern part of the country.

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Constantin Șerban

Constantin II Şerban was Prince of Wallachia between 1654 and 1658, illegitimate son to Radu Şerban (according to custom, being born out of wedlock (social term bastard) did not disqualify Constantin from becoming Prince).

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Coslada is a city and municipality in the autonomous community of Madrid in central Spain.

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Cosmin Bărcăuan

Cosmin Bărcăuan (born 5 August 1978 in Oradea) is a retired Romanian footballer.

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Counties of Romania

A total of 41 counties (județe), along with the municipality of Bucharest, constitute the official administrative divisions of Romania.

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Crișana (Körösvidék, Kreischgebiet) is a geographical and historical region in north-western Romania, named after the Criș (Körös) River and its three tributaries: the Crișul Alb, Crișul Negru, and Crișul Repede.

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Crișul Repede (river)

The Crișul Repede (Romanian Crișul Repede ("the rapid Criș"); Hungarian Sebes-Körös) is a river in Bihor county, Crișana, Romania and in southeastern Hungary (Körösvidek).

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Cristian Petre

Cristian Petre (born Oradea, 22 March 1979) is a Romanian rugby union player.

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Crown of the Kingdom of Poland

The Crown of the Kingdom of Poland (Korona Królestwa Polskiego, Latin: Corona Regni Poloniae), commonly known as the Polish Crown or simply the Crown, is the common name for the historic (but unconsolidated) Late Middle Ages territorial possessions of the King of Poland, including Poland proper.

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CS Luceafărul Oradea

Clubul Sportiv Luceafărul Oradea, commonly known as Luceafărul Oradea or simply as Luceafărul, is a Romanian professional football club from Oradea, Bihor County.

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CSM Digi Oradea

CSM Digi Oradea (Official name: Clubul Sportiv Municipal Digi Oradea) is a Romanian water polo club from Oradea in Bihor County.

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CSM U Oradea

CSM Oradea is a Romanian professional basketball club, based in Oradea, Romania.

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The Dacians (Daci; loc Δάοι, Δάκαι) were an Indo-European people, part of or related to the Thracians.

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Debrecen is Hungary's second largest city after Budapest.

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Demographic history of Romania

This article presents the demographic history of Romania through census results.

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Destination spa

A destination spa is a resort centered on a spa, such as a mineral spa.

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Dinosaurs are a diverse group of reptiles of the clade Dinosauria.

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The word diocese is derived from the Greek term διοίκησις meaning "administration".

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Diocese of Oradea Mare

Diocese of Oradea Mare may refer to one of several dioceses in Oradea, Romania.

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Eastern European Summer Time

Eastern European Summer Time (EEST) is one of the names of UTC+3 time zone, 3 hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time.

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Eastern European Time

Eastern European Time (EET) is one of the names of UTC+02:00 time zone, 2 hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time.

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Ede Szigligeti

Ede Szigligeti (8 March 1814 – 19 January 1878) was a Hungarian dramatist.

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Elemér Berkessy

Elemér Berkessy (20 June 1905 – 7 July 1993), also referred to as Emilio Berkessy or Emil Berkessy, was a Hungarian footballer and coach.

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Eliezer Berkovits

Eliezer Berkovits (8 September 1908, Nagyvárad, Austria-Hungary – 20 August 1992, Jerusalem), was a rabbi, theologian, and educator in the tradition of Orthodox Judaism.

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Emanoil Gojdu

Emanuil Gojdu (Gozsdu Emánuel in Hungarian; 9 February 1802, Nagyvárad, Hungary (now Oradea, Romania)—3 February 1870, Pest-Buda, Hungary) was a Romanian lawyer in the Austrian Empire.

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Emanuel University

Emanuel University is a private university based in Oradea, Romania.

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Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition

The Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition (1910–11) is a 29-volume reference work, an edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica.

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Endre Kabos

Endre Kabos (5 November 1906 – 4 November 1944) was a Hungarian sabre fencer.

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Episcopal palace, Oradea

The Episcopal palace (Palatul Episcopiei Romano-Catolice din Oradea) of the city of Oradea in Bihor county, Romania dates to the Baroque times.

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Epoch (reference date)

In the fields of chronology and periodization, an epoch is an instant in time chosen as the origin of a particular era.

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Equestrian statue

An equestrian statue is a statue of a rider mounted on a horse, from the Latin "eques", meaning "knight", deriving from "equus", meaning "horse".

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Erik Lincar

Erik Augustin Lincar (born 16 October 1978 in Oradea) is a Romanian football manager and former player.

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Ernő Grünbaum

Ernő Grünbaum (29 March 1908 in Nagyvárad – between December 1944 and April 1945 in Mauthausen) was a Transylvanian-Hungarian painter, graphic artist, lithographer and illustrator.

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Eyalets (ایالت,, English: State), also known as beylerbeyliks or pashaliks, were a primary administrative division of the Ottoman Empire.

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Faculty (division)

A faculty is a division within a university or college comprising one subject area, or a number of related subject areas.

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FC Bihor Oradea

Fotbal Club Bihor Oradea, commonly known as Bihor Oradea or simply as FC Bihor, was a Romanian professional football club based in Oradea, Bihor County.

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Fenenna of Kuyavia

Fenenna of Kuyavia (also known as of Inowrocław; Fenenna kujawska or inowrocławska; ca. 1276–1295) was a Queen of Hungary by marriage to King Andrew III.

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Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor

Ferdinand I (Fernando I) (10 March 1503 – 25 July 1564) was Holy Roman Emperor from 1558, king of Bohemia and Hungary from 1526, and king of Croatia from 1527 until his death.

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A fossil (from Classical Latin fossilis; literally, "obtained by digging") is any preserved remains, impression, or trace of any once-living thing from a past geological age.

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Francisc Spielmann

Francisc Spielmann (also known as Ferenc Sárvári; 10 July 1916 – 21 November 1974) was a Romanian football player of German ethnicity who played as a striker at internationally level for Romania and Hungary.

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Free will

Free will is the ability to choose between different possible courses of action unimpeded.

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Friedrich Schorr

Friedrich Schorr (September 2, 1888 – August 14, 1953), was a renowned Austrian-Hungarian bass-baritone opera singer of Jewish origin.

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Gabriel Báthory

Gabriel Báthory (Báthory Gábor; 15 August 1589 – 27 October 1613) was Prince of Transylvania from 1608 to 1613.

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Georg von Peuerbach

Georg von Peuerbach (also Purbach, Peurbach, Purbachius; born May 30, 1423 – April 8, 1461) was an Austrian astronomer, mathematician and instrument maker, best known for his streamlined presentation of Ptolemaic astronomy in the Theoricae Novae Planetarum.

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George II Rákóczi

George II Rákóczi (30 January 1621 – 7 June 1660), was a Hungarian nobleman, Prince of Transylvania (1648-1660), the eldest son of George I and Zsuzsanna Lorántffy.

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Georges Politzer

Georges Politzer (3 May 1903 – 23 May 1942) was a French philosopher and Marxist theoretician of Hungarian Jewish origin, affectionately referred to by some as the "red-headed philosopher" (philosophe roux).

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Gheorghe Ștefan

Gheorghe Ştefan (István Görgicze, seldom referred to as Burduja; d. 1668 in Szczecin) was Voivode (Prince) of Moldavia between April 13 and May 8, 1653, and again from July 16, 1653 to March 13, 1658; he was the son of boyar Dumitraşcu Ceaur; Gheorghe Ştefan was Chancellor (logofăt) during the reign of Vasile Lupu.

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Givatayim (גִּבְעָתַיִם, lit. "two hills"; جفعاتايم) is a city in Israel east of Tel Aviv.

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Gothic architecture

Gothic architecture is an architectural style that flourished in Europe during the High and Late Middle Ages.

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Government of National Unity (Hungary)

The Government of National Unity (Hungarian: Nemzeti Összefogás Kormánya) existed during the occupation of Hungary by Nazi Germany between October 1944 and May 1945.

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Grammar school

A grammar school is one of several different types of school in the history of education in the United Kingdom and other English-speaking countries, originally a school teaching Latin, but more recently an academically-oriented secondary school, differentiated in recent years from less academic Secondary Modern Schools.

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Győr (Raab, Ráb, names in other languages) is the most important city of northwest Hungary, the capital of Győr-Moson-Sopron County and Western Transdanubia region, and—halfway between Budapest and Vienna—situated on one of the important roads of Central Europe.

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Habsburg Monarchy

The Habsburg Monarchy (Habsburgermonarchie) or Empire is an unofficial appellation among historians for the countries and provinces that were ruled by the junior Austrian branch of the House of Habsburg between 1521 and 1780 and then by the successor branch of Habsburg-Lorraine until 1918.

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Hasidic Judaism

Hasidism, sometimes Hasidic Judaism (hasidut,; originally, "piety"), is a Jewish religious group.

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Hebrews (Hebrew: עברים or עבריים, Tiberian ʿIḇrîm, ʿIḇriyyîm; Modern Hebrew ʿIvrim, ʿIvriyyim; ISO 259-3 ʕibrim, ʕibriyim) is a term appearing 34 times within 32 verses of the Hebrew Bible.

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History (from Greek ἱστορία, historia, meaning "inquiry, knowledge acquired by investigation") is the study of the past as it is described in written documents.

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Humid continental climate

A humid continental climate (Köppen prefix D and a third letter of a or b) is a climatic region defined by Russo-German climatologist Wladimir Köppen in 1900, which is typified by large seasonal temperature differences, with warm to hot (and often humid) summers and cold (sometimes severely cold in the northern areas) winters.

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Hungarian language

Hungarian is a Finno-Ugric language spoken in Hungary and several neighbouring countries. It is the official language of Hungary and one of the 24 official languages of the European Union. Outside Hungary it is also spoken by communities of Hungarians in the countries that today make up Slovakia, western Ukraine, central and western Romania (Transylvania and Partium), northern Serbia (Vojvodina), northern Croatia, and northern Slovenia due to the effects of the Treaty of Trianon, which resulted in many ethnic Hungarians being displaced from their homes and communities in the former territories of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. It is also spoken by Hungarian diaspora communities worldwide, especially in North America (particularly the United States). Like Finnish and Estonian, Hungarian belongs to the Uralic language family branch, its closest relatives being Mansi and Khanty.

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Hungarian Revolution of 1848

The Hungarian Revolution of 1848 ("1848–49 Revolution and War") was one of the many European Revolutions of 1848 and closely linked to other revolutions of 1848 in the Habsburg areas.

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Hungarians, also known as Magyars (magyarok), are a nation and ethnic group native to Hungary (Magyarország) and historical Hungarian lands who share a common culture, history and speak the Hungarian language.

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Hungary (Magyarország) is a country in Central Europe that covers an area of in the Carpathian Basin, bordered by Slovakia to the north, Ukraine to the northeast, Austria to the northwest, Romania to the east, Serbia to the south, Croatia to the southwest, and Slovenia to the west.

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Ioşia (Őssi) is an outlying quarter (or district) in Oradea, Romania.

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Ion Adrian Zare

Ion Adrian Zare (born 11 May 1959) is a retired Romanian footballer, He earned 7 caps for the Romania national football team, and participated in UEFA Euro 1984.

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Iosif Demian

Iosif Demian (born 26 May 1941) is a Romanian cinematographer and film director.

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Israel, officially the State of Israel, is a country in the Middle East, on the southeastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea and the northern shore of the Red Sea.

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Iuliu Baratky

Gyula Barátky (Iuliu Baratky; 14 May 1910 – 14 April 1962) was a football player who represented both Hungary and Romania.

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Júlia Várady

Júlia Várady (Várady Júlia, born Júlia Tözsér, 1 September 1941) is a German soprano of Hungarian origin born in Nagyvárad, Hungary (today Oradea, Romania), who started out as a mezzo-soprano.

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Jewish Encyclopedia

The Jewish Encyclopedia is an English encyclopedia containing over 15,000 articles on the history, culture, and state of Judaism and the Jews up to the early 20th century.

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John Zápolya

John Zápolya, or John Szapolyai (Ivan Zapolja, Szapolyai János or Zápolya János, Ioan Zápolya, Ján Zápoľský, Jovan Zapolja/Јован Запоља; 1490 or 1491 – 22 July 1540), was King of Hungary (as John I) from 1526 to 1540.

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Köppen climate classification

The Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification systems.

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King of Hungary

The King of Hungary (magyar király) was the ruling head of state of the Kingdom of Hungary from 1000 (or 1001) to 1918.

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Kingdom of Hungary

The Kingdom of Hungary was a monarchy in Central Europe that existed from the Middle Ages into the twentieth century (1000–1946 with the exception of 1918–1920).

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Kingdom of Romania

The Kingdom of Romania (Regatul României) was a constitutional monarchy in Southeastern Europe which existed from 1881, when prince Carol I of Romania was proclaimed King, until 1947, when King Michael I of Romania abdicated and the Parliament proclaimed Romania a republic.

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Ladislaus I of Hungary

Ladislaus I or Ladislas I, also Saint Ladislaus or Saint Ladislas (I or Szent László; Ladislav I.; Svätý Ladislav I; Władysław I Święty; 1040 – 29 July 1095) was King of Hungary from 1077 and King of Croatia from 1091.

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Lajos Bíró

Lajos Bíró (born Lajos Blau) (22 August 1880 – 9 September 1948) was a Hungarian novelist, playwright, and screenwriter who wrote many films from the early 1920s through the late 1940s.

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Languages of Romania

In Romania there are several spoken languages.

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Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.

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Latium is the region of central western Italy in which the city of Rome was founded and grew to be the capital city of the Roman Empire.

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LEN Champions League

The LEN Champions League is the premier European water polo club competition with teams from up to 18 different countries.

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LEN Euro Cup

The LEN Euro Cup is a second-tier European water polo club competition run by the Ligue Européenne de Natation for those clubs who did not qualify for the LEN Champions League.

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Liga II

Liga II (also spelled Liga 2) is the second level of the Romanian football league system.

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Liga Națională (men's basketball)

The Liga Națională is the top-tier professional basketball league of Romania.

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Linköping (p) is a city in southern Sweden, with 153,000 inhabitants as of 2016.

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List of cities and towns in Romania

This is a list of cities and towns in Romania, ordered by population according to the 2002 and 2011 censuses.

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Mantua (Mantova; Emilian and Latin: Mantua) is a city and comune in Lombardy, Italy, and capital of the province of the same name.

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Marius Popa

Marius Cornel Popa (born 31 July 1978 in Oradea) is a retired Romanian football player.

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Market economy

A market economy is an economic system in which the decisions regarding investment, production, and distribution are guided by the price signals created by the forces of supply and demand.

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Mary, Queen of Hungary

Mary, also known as Maria (137117 May 1395), reigned as Queen of Hungary and Croatia between 1382 and 1385, and from 1386 until her death.

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Michael the Brave

Michael the Brave (Mihai Viteazu(l) or Mihai Bravu, Vitéz Mihály; 1558 – 9 August 1601) was the Prince of Wallachia (as Michael II, 1593–1601), Prince of Moldavia (1600) and de facto ruler of Transylvania (1599–1600).

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Mihai Neșu

Mihai Mircea Neșu (nickname: "Bișonul"/"The Bichon"), (born 19 February 1983 in Oradea) is a Romanian former football player, who played most of his career for Steaua București.

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Miron Costin

Miron Costin (March 30, 1633 – 1691, Roman) was a Moldavian (Romanian) political figure and chronicler.

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Mongol invasion of Europe

The Mongol invasion of Europe in the 13th century was the conquest of Europe by the Mongol Empire, by way of the destruction of East Slavic principalities, such as Kiev and Vladimir. The Mongol invasions also occurred in Central Europe, which led to warfare among fragmented Poland, such as the Battle of Legnica (9 April 1241) and in the Battle of Mohi (11 April 1241) in the Kingdom of Hungary. The operations were planned by General Subutai (1175–1248) and commanded by Batu Khan (1207–1255) and Kadan (d. 1261). Both men were grandsons of Genghis Khan; their conquests integrated much European territory to the empire of the Golden Horde. Warring European princes realized they had to cooperate in the face of a Mongol invasion, so local wars and conflicts were suspended in parts of central Europe, only to be resumed after the Mongols had withdrawn.

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A municipiu (from Latin municipium; English: municipality) is a level of administrative subdivision in Romania and Moldova, roughly equivalent to city in some English-speaking countries.

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Nagyhalász is a town in Szabolcs-Szatmár-Bereg county, in the Northern Great Plain region of eastern Hungary.

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National Institute of Statistics (Romania)

The National Institute of Statistics (Institutul Naţional de Statistică (INS)) is a Romanian government agency which is responsible for collecting national statistics, in fields such as geography, the economy, demographics and society.

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National Liberal Party (Romania)

The National Liberal Party (Partidul Național Liberal, PNL) is a national liberal and conservative-liberal political party in Romania.

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Nazi Germany

Nazi Germany is the common English name for the period in German history from 1933 to 1945, when Germany was under the dictatorship of Adolf Hitler through the Nazi Party (NSDAP).

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Nándor Wagner

Nandor Wagner (Wagner Nándor, 7 October 1922 – 15 November 1997, Mooka ''(Mouka, Mōka)'' (真岡), nearby Mashiko, Tochigi) was a Hungarian artist and sculptor.

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Neolog Judaism

Neologs (neológ irányzat, "Neolog Faction") are one of the two large communal organizations among Hungarian Jewry.

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New York City

The City of New York, often called New York City (NYC) or simply New York, is the most populous city in the United States.

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Nojorid (Nagyürögd) is a large commune located in Bihor County, western Romania.

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Northern Transylvania

Northern Transylvania (Transilvania de Nord, Észak-Erdély) was the region of the Kingdom of Romania that during World War II, as a consequence of the territorial agreement known as the Second Vienna Award, became part of the Kingdom of Hungary.

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Nufărul is a large "satellite" quarter (cartier in Romanian) on the eastern outskirts of Oradea, Bihor, Romania.

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Nusach Ashkenaz

Nusach Ashkenaz is a style of Jewish religious service conducted by Ashkenazi Jews, originating from Central and Western Europe.

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Nusach Sefard

Nusach Sefard, Nusach Sepharad, or Nusach Sfard is the name for various forms of the Jewish siddurim, designed to reconcile Ashkenazi customs (מנהג "Custom", pl. minhagim) with the kabbalistic customs of Isaac Luria.

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Oșorhei (Fugyivásárhely) is a commune in Bihor County, northwestern Romania with a population of 6,532 people.

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Operation Margarethe

Operation Margarethe was the occupation of Hungary by Nazi German forces during World War II, as it was ordered by Hitler on 12 March 1944.

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Oradea ghetto

The Oradea ghetto was one of the Nazi-era ghettos for European Jews during World War II.

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Oradea International Airport

Oradea Airport is an international airport located southwest of Oradea in northwestern Romania, Bihor County, near one of the main road and rail border crossings to Hungary.

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Order of Saint Benedict

The Order of Saint Benedict (OSB; Latin: Ordo Sancti Benedicti), also known as the Black Monksin reference to the colour of its members' habitsis a Catholic religious order of independent monastic communities that observe the Rule of Saint Benedict.

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Orthodox Judaism

Orthodox Judaism is a collective term for the traditionalist branches of Judaism, which seek to maximally maintain the received Jewish beliefs and observances and which coalesced in opposition to the various challenges of modernity and secularization.

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Ottoman Empire

The Ottoman Empire (دولت عليه عثمانیه,, literally The Exalted Ottoman State; Modern Turkish: Osmanlı İmparatorluğu or Osmanlı Devleti), also historically known in Western Europe as the Turkish Empire"The Ottoman Empire-also known in Europe as the Turkish Empire" or simply Turkey, was a state that controlled much of Southeast Europe, Western Asia and North Africa between the 14th and early 20th centuries.

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Ottoman wars in Europe

The Ottoman wars in Europe were a series of military conflicts between the Ottoman Empire and various European states dating from the Late Middle Ages up through the early 20th century.

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Padua (Padova; Pàdova) is a city and comune in Veneto, northern Italy.

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Paleu (Hegyközpályi) is a commune located in Bihor County, Romania.

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Paris Peace Treaties, 1947

The Paris Peace Treaties (Traité de Paris) was signed on 10 February 1947, as the outcome of the Paris Peace Conference, held from 29 July to 15 October 1946.

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Patron saint

A patron saint, patroness saint, patron hallow or heavenly protector is a saint who in Roman Catholicism, Anglicanism, Eastern Orthodoxy, or particular branches of Islam, is regarded as the heavenly advocate of a nation, place, craft, activity, class, clan, family or person.

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Paul Popovici

Paul Popovici or Paul Popovits (born 21 June 1948) is a Romanian former professional footballer who played as a left-back.

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Péter Pázmány

Péter Pázmány, S.J. (also called de Panasz in some sources; panaszi Pázmány Péter,; Petrus Pazmanus; Peter Pazman; Peter Pázmaň; 4 October 1570 – 19 March 1637), was a Hungarian Jesuit who was a noted philosopher, theologian, cardinal, pulpit orator and statesman.

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Pentecostal Union of Romania

The Pentecostal Union of Romania (Uniunea Penticostală din România) is Romania's fourth-largest religious body and one of its eighteen officially recognised religious denominations.

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Prince of Transylvania

The Prince of Transylvania (Fürst von Siebenbürgen,Fallenbüchl 1988, p. 77. erdélyi fejedelem, princeps Transsylvaniae. principele Transilvaniei) was the head of state of the Principality of Transylvania from the last decades of the 16th century until the middle of the 18th century.

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Principality of Transylvania (1570–1711)

The Principality of Transylvania (Fürstentum Siebenbürgen; Erdélyi Fejedelemség; Principatus Transsilvaniae; Principatul Transilvaniei or Principatul Ardealului; Erdel Prensliği or Transilvanya Prensliği) was a semi-independent state, ruled primarily by Hungarian princes.

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Public domain

The public domain consists of all the creative works to which no exclusive intellectual property rights apply.

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Rózsika Rothschild

Rózsika Rothschild (born as Rózsika Edle von Wertheimstein in 1870, Nagyvárad Hungary (today Romania) - 1940, London, United Kingdom) was a tennis player and the wife of the banker and entomologist Charles Rothschild.

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Red Army

The Workers' and Peasants' Red Army (Рабоче-крестьянская Красная армия (РККА), Raboche-krest'yanskaya Krasnaya armiya (RKKA), frequently shortened in Russian to Красная aрмия (КА), Krasnaya armiya (KA), in English: Red Army, also in critical literature and folklore of that epoch – Red Horde, Army of Work) was the army and the air force of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, and, after 1922, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics.

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Reformed Church in Romania

The Reformed Church in Romania (Romániai Református Egyház; Biserica Reformată din România) is the organization of the Calvinist church in Romania.

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Reuven Tsur

Reuven Tsur (Hebrew: ראובן צור) (born 1932) is professor emeritus of Hebrew literature and literary theory at Tel Aviv University.

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Rogerius, Oradea

Rogerius (Hungarian: Rogériusz) is a district or quarter (cartier in Romanian) of Oradea, the largest city of Bihor County, Romania.

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Roman Catholic Diocese of Oradea Mare

The Diocese of Oradea (Dioecesis Magnovaradinensis Latinorum, Nagyváradi Római Katolikus Egyházmegye, Dieceza Romano-Catolică de Oradea) is a Roman Catholic ecclesiastical territory in Romania, named after its episcopal see in the city of Oradea.

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Roman Dacia

Roman Dacia (also Dacia Traiana "Trajan Dacia" or Dacia Felix "Fertile/Happy Dacia") was a province of the Roman Empire from 106 to 274–275 AD.

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Roman Empire

The Roman Empire (Imperium Rōmānum,; Koine and Medieval Greek: Βασιλεία τῶν Ῥωμαίων, tr.) was the post-Roman Republic period of the ancient Roman civilization, characterized by government headed by emperors and large territorial holdings around the Mediterranean Sea in Europe, Africa and Asia.

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Romani people in Romania

Romani people (Roma in Romani; Țigani in Romanian) in Romania, Gypsy, constitute one of the country's largest minorities.

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Romania (România) is a sovereign state located at the crossroads of Central, Eastern, and Southeastern Europe.

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Romanian Greek Catholic Church

The Romanian Greek Catholic Church or Romanian Church United with Rome, Greek-Catholic (Biserica Română Unită cu Roma, Greco-Catolică) is a sui iuris Eastern Catholic Church, in full union with the Roman Catholic Church.

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Romanian language

Romanian (obsolete spellings Rumanian, Roumanian; autonym: limba română, "the Romanian language", or românește, lit. "in Romanian") is an East Romance language spoken by approximately 24–26 million people as a native language, primarily in Romania and Moldova, and by another 4 million people as a second language.

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Romanian Orthodox Church

The Romanian Orthodox Church (Biserica Ortodoxă Română) is an autocephalous Orthodox Church in full communion with other Eastern Orthodox Christian Churches and ranked seventh in order of precedence.

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Romanian Superliga (water polo)

The Romanian Superliga is the men's top Romanian professional water polo league.

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The Romanians (români or—historically, but now a seldom-used regionalism—rumâni; dated exonym: Vlachs) are a Latin European ethnic group and nation native to Romania, that share a common Romanian culture, ancestry, and speak the Romanian language, the most widespread spoken Eastern Romance language which is descended from the Latin language. According to the 2011 Romanian census, just under 89% of Romania's citizens identified themselves as ethnic Romanians. In one interpretation of the census results in Moldova, the Moldovans are counted as Romanians, which would mean that the latter form part of the majority in that country as well.Ethnic Groups Worldwide: A Ready Reference Handbook By David Levinson, Published 1998 – Greenwood Publishing Group.At the time of the 1989 census, Moldova's total population was 4,335,400. The largest nationality in the republic, ethnic Romanians, numbered 2,795,000 persons, accounting for 64.5 percent of the population. Source:: "however it is one interpretation of census data results. The subject of Moldovan vs Romanian ethnicity touches upon the sensitive topic of", page 108 sqq. Romanians are also an ethnic minority in several nearby countries situated in Central, respectively Eastern Europe, particularly in Hungary, Czech Republic, Ukraine (including Moldovans), Serbia, and Bulgaria. Today, estimates of the number of Romanian people worldwide vary from 26 to 30 million according to various sources, evidently depending on the definition of the term 'Romanian', Romanians native to Romania and Republic of Moldova and their afferent diasporas, native speakers of Romanian, as well as other Eastern Romance-speaking groups considered by most scholars as a constituent part of the broader Romanian people, specifically Aromanians, Megleno-Romanians, Istro-Romanians, and Vlachs in Serbia (including medieval Vlachs), in Croatia, in Bulgaria, or in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

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Ruthenians and Ruthenes are Latin exonyms which were used in Western Europe for the ancestors of modern East Slavic peoples, Rus' people with Ruthenian Greek Catholic religious background and Orthodox believers which lived outside the Rus'.

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Salonta (Nagyszalonta, Szalonta, Grosssalontha; Salanta) is a city in Bihor County, in the geographical region of Crișana, north-western Romania, near the Hungarian border.

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Sânmartin, Bihor

Sânmartin (Váradszentmárton) is a commune in Bihor County, northwestern Romania with a population of 9,572 people.

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Sântandrei (Biharszentandrás) is a commune in Bihor County, northwestern Romania.

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Săcueni (סעקלהיד Seklhid), often spelled Săcuieni, is a town in Bihor County, Romania.

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Schism in Hungarian Jewry

The Schism in Hungarian Jewry (ortodox–neológ szakadás, "Orthodox-Neolog Schism"; די טיילונג אין אונגארן, trans. Die Teilung in Ungarn, "The Division in Hungary") was the institutional division of the Jewish public in the Kingdom of Hungary between 1869 and 1871, following a failed attempt to establish a national, united representative organization.

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Second Vienna Award

The Second Vienna Award was the second of two territorial disputes arbitrated by Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy.

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Sigismund Báthory

Sigismund Báthory (Báthory Zsigmond; 1573 – 27 March 1613) was Prince of Transylvania several times between 1586 and 1602, and Duke of Racibórz and Opole in Silesia in 1598.

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Sigismund, Holy Roman Emperor

Sigismund of Luxembourg (15 February 1368 in Nuremberg – 9 December 1437 in Znaim, Moravia) was Prince-elector of Brandenburg from 1378 until 1388 and from 1411 until 1415, King of Hungary and Croatia from 1387, King of Germany from 1411, King of Bohemia from 1419, King of Italy from 1431, and Holy Roman Emperor for four years from 1433 until 1437, the last male member of the House of Luxembourg.

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Sister city

Twin towns or sister cities are a form of legal or social agreement between towns, cities, counties, oblasts, prefectures, provinces, regions, states, and even countries in geographically and politically distinct areas to promote cultural and commercial ties.

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SK Rapid Wien

Sportklub Rapid Wien, commonly known as Rapid Vienna, is an Austrian football club playing in the country's capital city of Vienna.

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The Slovaks or Slovak people (Slováci, singular Slovák, feminine Slovenka, plural Slovenky) are a nation and West Slavic ethnic group native to Slovakia who share a common ancestry, culture, history and speak the Slovak language.

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Soup kitchen

A soup kitchen, meal center, or food kitchen is a place where food is offered to the hungry usually for free or sometimes at a below market price.

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Staten Island

Staten Island is the southernmost and westernmost of the five boroughs of New York City in the U.S. state of New York.

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Stephen II of Hungary

Stephen II (II István; Stjepan II; Štefan II; 1101 – early 1131), King of Hungary and Croatia, ruled from 1116 until 1131.

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Steppe Front

The Steppe Front (Степной фронт), later the 2nd Ukrainian Front (2-й Украинский фронт), was a ''front'' of the Red Army during the Second World War.

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The Holocaust

The Holocaust, also referred to as the Shoah, was a genocide during World War II in which Nazi Germany, aided by its collaborators, systematically murdered approximately 6 million European Jews, around two-thirds of the Jewish population of Europe, between 1941 and 1945.

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Tileagd (Mezőtelegd) is a large commune located in Bihor County, western Romania.

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Titus Popovici

Titus Popovici (16 May 1930 – 30 November 1994) was a Romanian screenwriter.

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Transylvania is a historical region in today's central Romania.

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Treaty of Trianon

The Treaty of Trianon was the peace agreement of 1920 that formally ended World War I between most of the Allies of World War I and the Kingdom of Hungary, the latter being one of the successor states to Austria-Hungary.

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Turkish people

Turkish people or the Turks (Türkler), also known as Anatolian Turks (Anadolu Türkleri), are a Turkic ethnic group and nation living mainly in Turkey and speaking Turkish, the most widely spoken Turkic language.

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University of Oradea

The University of Oradea is a accredited public university located in Oradea in north-western Romania.

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Varat Eyalet

Varat Eyalet (also known as Pashaluk of Varat or Province of Varat; ایالت وارد; Eyālet-i Vārad) was an administrative territorial entity of the Ottoman Empire formed in 1660.

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Velenţa (Váradvelence) is a quarter, or district, in eastern Oradea, Romania.

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Venice (Venezia,; Venesia) is a city in northeastern Italy and the capital of the Veneto region.

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Vie (IPA: /'vi.e/), is a district (or quarter), of Oradea, a city in Bihor, Romania.

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Vienna (Wien) is the federal capital and largest city of Austria and one of the nine states of Austria.

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Vocational school

A vocational school, sometimes also called a trade school, career center, or vocational college, is a type of educational institution, which, depending on country, may refer to secondary or post-secondary education designed to provide vocational education, or technical skills required to perform the tasks of a particular and specific job.

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Wallonia (Wallonie, Wallonie(n), Wallonië, Walonreye, Wallounien) is a region of Belgium.

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Willowbrook, Staten Island

Willowbrook is a neighborhood in Staten Island, one of the five boroughs of New York City.

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World War I

World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.

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Yehuda Amital

Yehuda Amital (יהודה עמיטל, born Yehuda Klein; 31 October 1924 – 9 July 2010) was an Orthodox rabbi, the Rosh Yeshiva of Yeshivat Har Etzion, and a former member of the Israeli cabinet.

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Yeshiva (ישיבה, lit. "sitting"; pl., yeshivot or yeshivos) is a Jewish institution that focuses on the study of traditional religious texts, primarily the Talmud and the Torah.

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Zeno Bundea

Zeno Marius Bundea (born 4 October 1977) is a Romanian football player who plays mainly as a midfielder for Liga IV side Crișul Sântandrei.

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Zobor Abbey

The Zobor Abbey was a Benedictine monastery established at Zobor (today part of Nitra, Slovakia) in the Kingdom of Hungary.

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Zoltan Crișan

Zoltan Crişan (3 May 1955 – 14 October 2003) was a Romanian international footballer who played for FC Baia Mare, Universitatea Craiova, FC Bihor Oradea, FC Olt and Chimia Râmnicu Vâlcea.

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Redirects here:

Coat of arms of Oradea, Coat of arms of oradea, Episcopia Bihor, Episcopia Bihorului, Gran Varadino, Grosswardein, Großwardein, Nagy Várad, Nagy-Varad, Nagyvarad, Nagyvárad, Oradea Mare, Oradea, Romania, Varadinum, Varat, גרויסווארדיין.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oradea

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