339 relations: A Protestant Parliament for a Protestant People, Acts of Union 1707, Acts of Union 1800, Adam Ingram (Labour politician), Alex Maskey, An Phoblacht, Anglo-Irish Treaty, Anti-Catholicism, Apologetics, Armagh disturbances, Arthur Acheson, 1st Earl of Gosford, Auckland, Australia, Ayrshire, Ballymena, Battle of Aughrim, Battle of the Boyne, Battle of the Somme, BBC News, Belfast, Belfast Protestant Association, Belfast South by-election, 1902, Belfast Telegraph, Billy McCaughey, Billy Wright (loyalist), Brian Faulkner, Brian Robinson (loyalist), Bristol, Quebec, British Army, British Empire, British Israelism, Brownsburg-Chatham, Quebec, Canada, Carleton County, New Brunswick, Catholic Association, Catholic emancipation, Charles O'Neill, 1st Earl O'Neill, Coalisland, Coleraine, Commonwealth of Nations, Conflict Archive on the Internet, Conservatism in the United Kingdom, Conservative Party (UK), County Antrim, County Armagh, County Cavan, County Cork, County Donegal, County Fermanagh, County Laois, ..., County Leitrim, County Louth, County Mayo, County Monaghan, County Wexford, County Wicklow, Credit union, Crossmaglen, Cushendall, D. G. Boyce, Daniel O'Connell, David, David Ervine, David Ford, Davy Payne, Defenders (Ireland), Democratic Unionist Party, Department of Culture, Arts and Leisure (Northern Ireland), Department of Justice (Northern Ireland), Department of Rural and Community Development, Derek Emslie, Lord Kingarth, Dissident republican, Dolly's Brae conflict, Draperstown, Drew Nelson (politician), Drumcree Church, Drumcree conflict, Dublin, Dungiven, Dutch people, Eastern Orthodox Church, Edinburgh, Edward Stevenson (Orange Order), Elizabeth II, Elizabethan era, English-speaking world, Ernest Augustus, King of Hanover, Ernie Elliott, Evangelicalism, Fair comment, Flag of the Orange Order, Flash Gordon, Fraternal order, Fraternity, Free Presbyterian Church of Ulster, Freemasonry, Front organization, Garston, Liverpool, Gatineau, General Assembly of Newfoundland and Labrador, Geoffrey Rice, George Galloway, George Ogle, George Seawright, Glasgow, Glorious Revolution, Good Friday Agreement, Government of Canada, Government of Ireland Act 1914, Government of Ireland Act 1920, Government of Ireland Bill 1886, Government of Northern Ireland (1921–1972), Grand Master (order), Grand Orange Lodge of Scotland, Gusty Spence, Hampshire, Harold Alexander, 1st Earl Alexander of Tunis, Harry Ferguson, Hate speech, Henry McDonald (writer), House of Commons of the United Kingdom, I'm Not the Only One (book), Ian Paisley, Immigration to Canada, Imminent lawless action, Independent Orange Order, Interface area, Irish Boundary Commission, Irish Free State, Irish Home Rule movement, Irish language, Irish National Land League, Irish nationalism, Irish Rebellion of 1798, Irish Republican Army, J. M. Andrews, James Chichester-Clark, James Craig, 1st Viscount Craigavon, James II of England, James Wilson (Orangeman), Jeffrey Donaldson, Joe Bratty, John Bingham (loyalist), John Crichton, 4th Earl Erne, John Dallat, John Gregg (UDA), John Mitchel, John Russell, 1st Earl Russell, Joseph Davison, Joseph Hume, Joseph Ward, Lachute, Lagos, Lanarkshire, Larne gun-running, Letitia Dunbar-Harrison, List of designated terrorist groups, List of English monarchs, List of Ontario Legislative Assemblies, List of Scottish monarchs, Liverpool, Liverpool Protestant Party, Lomé, Lord Ordinary, Loughgall, Louis XIV of France, Louise Ellman, Loyalist Volunteer Force, Lurgan, Mackenzie Bowell, Manchester, Martin Luther, Martin Smyth, Mass (liturgy), Mervyn Archdall (junior), Military history of New Zealand during World War I, Mohawk people, Monarchy of Ireland, Mormons, Mortimer O'Sullivan, Naples, Florida, New Zealand, New Zealand Wars, Newfoundland (island), Nigeria, Nigerian Civil War, North Island, Northern Ireland, Northern Ireland Office, Northern Ireland peace process, Official bilingualism in Canada, Ontario, Orange Order, Orange Order in Canada, Orange Riots, Orange Volunteers, Orange Volunteers (1972), Orange walk, Ottawa Valley, Outlaw, Palace of Westminster, Parades Commission, Parades in Northern Ireland, Paramilitary, Parliament of Northern Ireland, Partition of Ireland, Patrick Mayhew, Paul Butler (politician), Peep o' Day Boys, Penal Laws (Ireland), Petersfield, Philadelphia, Plantation of Ulster, Pontiac, Quebec, Portadown, Portadown Times, Presbyterian Church in Ireland, Prime Minister of New Zealand, Prime Minister of Northern Ireland, Protestant Ascendancy, Protestantism, Provisional Irish Republican Army, Quakers, Quebec, Queen Victoria, Quyon, Quebec, Real Ulster Freedom Fighters, Reformation, Renfrewshire (historic), Republic of Ireland, Republic of Ireland–United Kingdom border, Republicanism in the United States, Reuters, Rhode Island Avenue (Washington, D.C.), Ribbonism, Richard Jameson (loyalist), Robert Bates (loyalist), Robert Bradford (Northern Irish politician), Robert Jocelyn, 3rd Earl of Roden, Robert Kee, Robert McConnell (loyalist), Robert Wallace (British Army officer), Rory Sweetman, Rossnowlagh, Rostrevor, Royal Arch Purple, Royal Black Institution, Royal Mile, Royal Ulster Constabulary, Ruth Dudley Edwards, Saint George's Cross, Saint Patrick, Sash, Scotland, Scottish independence, Scottish independence referendum, 2014, Scottish Lowlands, Scullabogue Barn massacre, Sean Graham bookmakers' shooting, Secretary of State for Northern Ireland, Sectarianism, Security forces, Senate of Northern Ireland, Shankill Butchers, Shawville, Quebec, Siege of Derry, Siege of Limerick (1691), Sinn Féin, Sinn Féin Republican Youth, Sir Edward Archdale, 1st Baronet, Sir George Clark, 3rd Baronet, Sir James Stronge, 5th Baronet, Sir William Molesworth, 8th Baronet, Social Democratic and Labour Party, Society of United Irishmen, South Island, Southern Ireland (1921–22), Southport, Stoneyford, County Antrim, Supremacism, Te Ara: The Encyclopedia of New Zealand, Ten Commandments, Terence O'Neill, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, The Daily Telegraph, The Guardian, The Maritimes, The News Letter, The Troubles, The Twelfth, Thirty-nine Articles, Thomas A. Jackson, Thomas Gibson Sloane, Thomas John Barnardo, Thomas Sloan, Togo, Torrance, California, Toxteth, Trinity, Triumphalism, Ulster, Ulster Covenant, Ulster Defence Association, Ulster Defence Regiment, Ulster loyalism, Ulster Scots people, Ulster Tower, Ulster Unionist Party, Ulster Volunteer Force, Ulster Volunteers, Unionism in Ireland, Unionism in the United Kingdom, Unitarianism, United Ireland, United Kingdom, United Kingdom general election, 2010, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, United States, Upper Canada, Wales, Waringstown, Westminster Confession of Faith, Whit Monday, William Blacker, William Cole, 3rd Earl of Enniskillen, William Ewart Gladstone, William Henry Holmes Lyons, William III of England, William IV of the United Kingdom, William Johnston (Irish politician), William Massey, William McCleery (politician), Williamite, Williamite War in Ireland, Wolfe Tone, World War I, Yeomanry, 1997 Northern Ireland riots, 36th (Ulster) Division. Expand index (289 more) » « Shrink index
A Protestant parliament for a Protestant people is a term that has been applied to the political institutions in Northern Ireland between 1921 and 1972.
The Acts of Union were two Acts of Parliament: the Union with Scotland Act 1706 passed by the Parliament of England, and the Union with England Act passed in 1707 by the Parliament of Scotland.
The Acts of Union 1800 (sometimes erroneously referred to as a single Act of Union 1801) were parallel acts of the Parliament of Great Britain and the Parliament of Ireland which united the Kingdom of Great Britain and the Kingdom of Ireland (previously in personal union) to create the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
Adam Paterson Ingram (born 1 February 1947) is a British Labour Party politician, who was the Member of Parliament (MP) for East Kilbride, Strathaven and Lesmahagow from 1987 to 2010.
Alex Maskey (born 8 January 1952) is an Irish politician who was the first member of Sinn Féin to serve as Belfast's Lord Mayor.
An Phoblacht (Irish pronunciation:; The Republic) was a weekly, and later monthly, newspaper published by Sinn Féin in Ireland.
The Anglo-Irish Treaty (An Conradh Angla-Éireannach), commonly known as The Treaty and officially the Articles of Agreement for a Treaty Between Great Britain and Ireland, was an agreement between the government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and representatives of the Irish Republic that concluded the Irish War of Independence.
Anti-Catholicism is hostility towards Catholics or opposition to the Catholic Church, its clergy and its adherents.
Apologetics (from Greek ἀπολογία, "speaking in defense") is the religious discipline of defending religious doctrines through systematic argumentation and discourse.
The Armagh disturbances was a period of intense sectarian fighting in the 1780s and 1790s between the Ulster Protestant Peep o' Day Boys and the Roman Catholic Defenders, in County Armagh, Kingdom of Ireland, culminating in the Battle of the Diamond in 1795.
Arthur Acheson, 1st Earl of Gosford (14 January 1807), known as The Viscount Gosford between 1790 and 1806, was an Irish peer of Scottish descent and politician.
Auckland is a city in New Zealand's North Island.
Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands.
Ayrshire (Siorrachd Inbhir Àir) is an historic county and registration county in south-west Scotland, located on the shores of the Firth of Clyde.
Ballymena is a large town in County Antrim, and the eighth largest in Northern Ireland.
The Battle of Aughrim (Cath Eachroma) was the decisive battle of the Williamite War in Ireland.
The Battle of the Boyne (Cath na Bóinne) was a battle in 1690 between the forces of the deposed King James II of England, and those of Dutch Prince William of Orange who, with his wife Mary II (his cousin and James's daughter), had acceded to the Crowns of England and Scotland in 1688.
The Battle of the Somme (Bataille de la Somme, Schlacht an der Somme), also known as the Somme Offensive, was a battle of the First World War fought by the armies of the British Empire and France against the German Empire.
BBC News is an operational business division of the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) responsible for the gathering and broadcasting of news and current affairs.
Belfast (is the capital city of Northern Ireland, located on the banks of the River Lagan on the east coast of Ireland.
The Belfast Protestant Association was a populist evangelical political movement in the early 20th-century.
The 1902 Belfast South by-election was held on 18 August 1902 after the death of the Irish Unionist Party MP William Johnston.
The Belfast Telegraph is a daily newspaper published in Belfast, Northern Ireland, by Independent News & Media.
William "Billy" McCaughey (c. 1950 – 8 February 2006) was a member of the Royal Ulster Constabulary's Special Patrol Group and the illegal Ulster Volunteer Force's Glennane gang in the 1970s.
William Stephen "Billy" Wright (7 July 1960 – 27 December 1997) was a prominent Ulster loyalist paramilitary leader during the ethno-nationalist conflict in Northern Ireland known as the Troubles.
Arthur Brian Deane Faulkner, Baron Faulkner of Downpatrick, (18 February 1921 – 3 March 1977) was the sixth and last Prime Minister of Northern Ireland, from March 1971 until his resignation in March 1972.
Brian Robinson (c. 1962 - 2 September 1989) was a loyalist from Belfast, Northern Ireland and member of the Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF) who was witnessed murdering a Catholic civilian.
Bristol is a municipality in the Outaouais region, part of the Pontiac Regional County Municipality, Quebec, Canada.
The British Army is the principal land warfare force of the United Kingdom, a part of British Armed Forces.
The British Empire comprised the dominions, colonies, protectorates, mandates and other territories ruled or administered by the United Kingdom and its predecessor states.
British Israelism (also called Anglo-Israelism) is a movement which holds the view that the people of England (or more broadly, the people of United Kingdom) are "genetically, racially, and linguistically the direct descendants" of the Ten Lost Tribes of ancient Israel.
Brownsburg-Chatham is a municipality in the Laurentides region of Quebec, Canada, part of the Argenteuil Regional County Municipality.
Canada is a country located in the northern part of North America.
Carleton County (2011 population 27,019) is located in west-central New Brunswick, Canada.
The Catholic Association was an Irish Roman Catholic political organisation set up by Daniel O'Connell in the early nineteenth century to campaign for Catholic emancipation within Great Britain.
Catholic emancipation or Catholic relief was a process in the Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland in the late 18th century and early 19th century that involved reducing and removing many of the restrictions on Roman Catholics introduced by the Act of Uniformity, the Test Acts and the penal laws.
Charles Henry St John O'Neill, 1st Earl O'Neill, KP, PC (I) (22 January 1779 – 12 February 1841) was an Irish politician, peer and landowner.
Coalisland is a small town in County Tyrone, Northern Ireland, with a population of 5,700 in 2011.
Coleraine (Flanaghan, Deirdre & Laurence; Irish Place Names, page 194. Gill & Macmillan, 2002.) is a large town and civil parish near the mouth of the River Bann in County Londonderry, Northern Ireland.
The Commonwealth of Nations, often known as simply the Commonwealth, is an intergovernmental organisation of 53 member states that are mostly former territories of the British Empire.
CAIN (Conflict Archive on the Internet) is a database containing information about Conflict and Politics in Northern Ireland from 1968 to the present.
Conservatism in the United Kingdom is related to its counterparts in other Western nations, but has a distinct tradition and has encompassed a wide range of theories over the decades.
The Conservative Party, officially the Conservative and Unionist Party, is a centre-right political party in the United Kingdom.
County Antrim (named after the town of Antrim)) is one of six counties that form Northern Ireland. Adjoined to the north-east shore of Lough Neagh, the county covers an area of and has a population of about 618,000. County Antrim has a population density of 203 people per square kilometre or 526 people per square mile. It is also one of the thirty-two traditional counties of Ireland, as well as part of the historic province of Ulster. The Glens of Antrim offer isolated rugged landscapes, the Giant's Causeway is a unique landscape and a UNESCO World Heritage Site, Bushmills produces whiskey, and Portrush is a popular seaside resort and night-life area. The majority of Belfast, the capital city of Northern Ireland, is in County Antrim, with the remainder being in County Down. It is currently one of only two counties of Ireland to have a majority of the population from a Protestant background, according to the 2001 census. The other is County Down to the south.
County Armagh (named after its county town, Armagh) is one of six counties that form Northern Ireland.
County Cavan (Contae an Chabháin) is a county in Ireland.
County Cork (Contae Chorcaí) is a county in Ireland.
County Donegal (Contae Dhún na nGall) is a county of Ireland in the province of Ulster.
County Fermanagh is one of the thirty-two counties of Ireland and one of the six counties of Northern Ireland.
County Laois (Contae Laoise) is a county in Ireland.
County Leitrim (Contae Liatroma) is a county in the Republic of Ireland.
County Louth (Contae Lú) is a county in Ireland.
County Mayo (Contae Mhaigh Eo, meaning "Plain of the yew trees") is a county in Ireland.
County Monaghan (Contae Mhuineacháin) is a county in Ireland.
County Wexford (Contae Loch Garman, Yola: Weiseforthe) is a county in Ireland.
County Wicklow (Contae Chill Mhantáin) is a county in Ireland.
A credit union is a member-owned financial cooperative, controlled by its members and operated on the principle of people helping people, providing its members credit at competitive rates as well as other financial services.
Crossmaglen is a village and townland in County Armagh, Northern Ireland.
Cushendall, formerly known as Newtown Glens, is a village and townland (of 153 acres) in County Antrim, Northern Ireland.
David George Boyce (b. 1942), also known as George Boyce, at Swansea University is a Northern Irish historian who specialises in Irish history.
Daniel O'Connell (Dónall Ó Conaill; 6 August 1775 – 15 May 1847), often referred to as The Liberator or The Emancipator, was an Irish political leader in the first half of the 19th century.
David is described in the Hebrew Bible as the second king of the United Kingdom of Israel and Judah.
David Ervine (21 July 1953 – 8 January 2007) was a Northern Irish Unionist politician from Belfast and the leader of the Progressive Unionist Party (PUP).
David Ford MLA (born 24 February 1951) is a politician who is a member of the Northern Ireland Assembly.
The Defenders were a Roman Catholic agrarian secret society in 18th-century Ireland, founded in County Armagh.
The Democratic Unionist Party (DUP) is a unionist political party in Northern Ireland.
The Department of Culture, Arts and Leisure (DCAL), translated in Irish as An Roinn Cultúir, Ealaíon agus Fóillíochta and in Ulster-Scots as Männystrie o Fowkgates, Airts an Aisedom, was a devolved government department in the Northern Ireland Executive.
The Department of Justice is a government department in the Northern Ireland Executive, which was established on 12 April 2010 as part of the devolution of justice matters to the Northern Ireland Assembly.
The Department of Rural and Community Development (An Roinn Forbartha Tuaithe agus Pobail) is a department of the Government of Ireland.
Derek Robert Alexander Emslie, Lord Kingarth QC (born 21 June 1949) is a judge of the Supreme Courts of Scotland, sitting in the High Court of Justiciary and the Inner House of the Court of Session.
Dissident republicans, renegade republicans, anti-Agreement republicans or anti-ceasefire republicans (poblachtach easaontach) are Irish republicans who do not support the current peace agreements in Northern Ireland.
The Dolly’s Brae conflict occurred in County Down in Ulster on 12 July 1849.
Drew Nelson (3 August 1956 – 10 October 2016) was a Northern Irish solicitor and politician.
Drumcree Parish Church, officially The Church of the Ascension, is the Church of Ireland parish church within the townland of Drumcree, roughly 1.5 miles (2.3 km) to the northeast of Portadown, County Armagh.
The Drumcree conflict or Drumcree standoff is an ongoing dispute over yearly parades in the town of Portadown, Northern Ireland.
Dublin is the capital of and largest city in Ireland.
Dungiven is a small town, townland and civil parish in County Londonderry, Northern Ireland.
The Dutch (Dutch), occasionally referred to as Netherlanders—a term that is cognate to the Dutch word for Dutch people, "Nederlanders"—are a Germanic ethnic group native to the Netherlands.
The Eastern Orthodox Church, also known as the Orthodox Church, or officially as the Orthodox Catholic Church, is the second-largest Christian Church, with over 250 million members.
Edinburgh (Dùn Èideann; Edinburgh) is the capital city of Scotland and one of its 32 council areas.
Edward Stevenson is a Northern Irish farmer.
Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary; born 21 April 1926) is Queen of the United Kingdom and the other Commonwealth realms.
The Elizabethan era is the epoch in the Tudor period of the history of England during the reign of Queen Elizabeth I (1558–1603).
Approximately 330 to 360 million people speak English as their first language.
Ernest Augustus (Ernst August; 5 June 1771 – 18 November 1851) was King of Hanover from 20 June 1837 until his death.
Ernest "Ernie" Elliott (1943/1944 – 6 December 1972), nicknamed "Duke", was a Northern Irish loyalist activist and a leading member of the Ulster Defence Association (UDA) during its early days.
Evangelicalism, evangelical Christianity, or evangelical Protestantism, is a worldwide, crossdenominational movement within Protestant Christianity which maintains the belief that the essence of the Gospel consists of the doctrine of salvation by grace through faith in Jesus Christ's atonement.
Fair comment is a legal term for a common law defense in defamation cases (libel or slander).
The Flag of the Orange Order, also known as the Boyne Standard or the Orange Standard, is the flag used by the Northern Irish Protestant fraternal organisation, the Orange Order.
Flash Gordon is the hero of a space opera adventure comic strip created by and originally drawn by Alex Raymond.
A fraternal order is a fraternity organised as an order, with traits alluding to religious, chivalric or pseudo-chivalric orders, guilds, or secret societies.
A fraternity (from Latin frater: "brother"; "brotherhood"), fraternal order or fraternal organization is an organization, a society or a club of men associated together for various religious or secular aims.
The Free Presbyterian Church of Ulster is a Christian denomination founded by Ian Paisley in 1951.
Freemasonry or Masonry consists of fraternal organisations that trace their origins to the local fraternities of stonemasons, which from the end of the fourteenth century regulated the qualifications of stonemasons and their interaction with authorities and clients.
A front organization is any entity set up by and controlled by another organization, such as intelligence agencies, organized crime groups, banned organizations, religious or political groups, advocacy groups, or corporations.
Garston is a district of Liverpool, England.
Gatineau (locally), officially Ville de Gatineau, is a city in western Quebec, Canada.
The General Assembly of Newfoundland and Labrador (known as the General Assembly of Newfoundland until 6 December 2001) is the legislature of the province of Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada.
Geoffrey Wayne Rice (born 1946) is an Emeritus Professor of History at the University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand.
George Galloway (born 16 August 1954) is a British politician, broadcaster and writer.
George Ogle (14 October 1742 – 10 August 1814) was an Irish Tory politician.
George Seawright (1951 – 3 December 1987) was a unionist politician and paramilitary in Northern Ireland who was assassinated by the Irish People's Liberation Organisation (IPLO) during the Troubles.
Glasgow (Glesga; Glaschu) is the largest city in Scotland, and third most populous in the United Kingdom.
The Glorious Revolution, also called the Revolution of 1688, was the overthrow of King James II of England (James VII of Scotland) by a union of English Parliamentarians with the Dutch stadtholder William III, Prince of Orange, who was James's nephew and son-in-law.
The Good Friday Agreement (GFA) or Belfast Agreement (Comhaontú Aoine an Chéasta or Comhaontú Bhéal Feirste; Ulster-Scots: Guid Friday Greeance or Bilfawst Greeance) was a major political development in the Northern Ireland peace process of the 1990s.
The Government of Canada (Gouvernement du Canada), formally Her Majesty's Government (Gouvernement de Sa Majesté), is the federal administration of Canada.
The Government of Ireland Act 1914 (4 & 5 Geo. 5 c. 90), also known as the Home Rule Act, and before enactment as the Third Home Rule Bill, was an Act passed by the Parliament of the United Kingdom intended to provide home rule (self-government within the United Kingdom) for Ireland.
The Government of Ireland Act 1920 (10 & 11 Geo. 5 c. 67) was an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
The Government of Ireland Bill 1886, commonly known as the First Home Rule Bill, was the first major attempt made by a British government to enact a law creating home rule for part of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
The Executive Committee or the Executive Committee of the Privy Council of Northern Ireland was the government of Northern Ireland created under the Government of Ireland Act 1920.
Grand Master (Magister generalis; Großmeister) is a title of the supreme head of various orders, including chivalric orders such as military orders and dynastic orders of knighthood.
The Grand Orange Lodge of Scotland, or Loyal Orange Institution of Scotland, is the branch of the Orange Order in Scotland.
Augustus Andrew "Gusty" Spence (28 June 1933. Conflict Archive on the Internet (CAIN). Retrieved 5 April 2011. – 25 September 2011) was a leader of the paramilitary Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF) and a leading loyalist politician in Northern Ireland.
Hampshire (abbreviated Hants) is a county on the southern coast of England in the United Kingdom.
Field Marshal Harold Rupert Leofric George Alexander, 1st Earl Alexander of Tunis, (10 December 1891 – 16 June 1969) was a senior British Army officer who served with distinction in both the First World War and the Second World War and, afterwards, as Governor General of Canada, the 17th since Canadian Confederation.
Henry George "Harry" Ferguson (4 November 188425 October 1960) was an Irish-born British engineer and inventor who is noted for his role in the development of the modern agricultural tractor and its three point linkage system, for being the first person in Ireland to build and fly his own aeroplane, and for developing the first four-wheel drive Formula One car, the Ferguson P99.
Hate speech is speech that attacks a person or group on the basis of attributes such as race, religion, ethnic origin, national origin, gender, disability, sexual orientation, or gender identity.
Henry McDonald is a writer and Ireland correspondent for The Guardian and Observer.
The House of Commons is the lower house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
I'm Not the Only One is a 2004 political autobiography by the British politician, George Galloway.
Ian Richard Kyle Paisley, Baron Bannside, (6 April 1926 – 12 September 2014), was a loyalist politician and Protestant religious leader from Northern Ireland.
Immigration to Canada is the process by which people migrate to Canada to reside in that country.
"Imminent lawless action" is a standard currently used that was established by the United States Supreme Court in Brandenburg v. Ohio (1969), for defining the limits of freedom of speech.
The Independent Loyal Orange Institution is an offshoot of the Orange Institution, a Protestant fraternal organisation based in Northern Ireland.
Interface area is the name given in Northern Ireland to areas where segregated nationalist and unionist residential areas meet.
The Irish Boundary Commission (Coimisiún na Teorainne) met in 1924–25 to decide on the precise delineation of the border between the Irish Free State and Northern Ireland.
The Irish Free State (Saorstát Éireann; 6 December 192229 December 1937) was a state established in 1922 under the Anglo-Irish Treaty of December 1921.
The Irish Home Rule movement was a movement that campaigned for self-government for Ireland within the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
The Irish language (Gaeilge), also referred to as the Gaelic or the Irish Gaelic language, is a Goidelic language (Gaelic) of the Indo-European language family originating in Ireland and historically spoken by the Irish people.
The Irish National Land League (Irish: Conradh na Talún) was an Irish political organisation of the late 19th century which sought to help poor tenant farmers.
Irish nationalism is an ideology which asserts that the Irish people are a nation.
The Irish Rebellion of 1798 (Éirí Amach 1798), also known as the United Irishmen Rebellion (Éirí Amach na nÉireannach Aontaithe), was an uprising against British rule in Ireland lasting from May to September 1798.
The Irish Republican Army (IRA) is any of several paramilitary movements in Ireland in the 20th and 21st centuries dedicated to Irish republicanism, the belief that all of Ireland should be an independent republic.
John Miller Andrews (17 July 1871 – 5 August 1956) was the second Prime Minister of Northern Ireland.
James Dawson Chichester-Clark, Baron Moyola, PC, DL (12 February 1923 – 17 May 2002) was the penultimate Prime Minister of Northern Ireland and eighth leader of the Ulster Unionist Party between 1969 and March 1971.
James Craig, 1st Viscount Craigavon, PC, PC (NI) DL (8 January 1871 – 24 November 1940), was a prominent Irish unionist politician, leader of the Ulster Unionist Party and the first Prime Minister of Northern Ireland.
James II and VII (14 October 1633O.S. – 16 September 1701An assertion found in many sources that James II died 6 September 1701 (17 September 1701 New Style) may result from a miscalculation done by an author of anonymous "An Exact Account of the Sickness and Death of the Late King James II, as also of the Proceedings at St. Germains thereupon, 1701, in a letter from an English gentleman in France to his friend in London" (Somers Tracts, ed. 1809–1815, XI, pp. 339–342). The account reads: "And on Friday the 17th instant, about three in the afternoon, the king died, the day he always fasted in memory of our blessed Saviour's passion, the day he ever desired to die on, and the ninth hour, according to the Jewish account, when our Saviour was crucified." As 17 September 1701 New Style falls on a Saturday and the author insists that James died on Friday, "the day he ever desired to die on", an inevitable conclusion is that the author miscalculated the date, which later made it to various reference works. See "English Historical Documents 1660–1714", ed. by Andrew Browning (London and New York: Routledge, 2001), 136–138.) was King of England and Ireland as James II and King of Scotland as James VII, from 6 February 1685 until he was deposed in the Glorious Revolution of 1688.
James Wilson was the founder of the Orange Institution, also known as the Orange Order.
Sir Jeffrey Mark Donaldson (born 7 December 1962) is a Northern Ireland politician and Member of Parliament for Lagan Valley representing the Democratic Unionist Party.
Joe Bratty (c. 1961 - 31 July 1994) was a Northern Irish loyalist paramilitary and a leading member of the Ulster Defence Association's South Belfast Brigade.
John Dowey Bingham (c. 1953 – 14 September 1986) was a prominent Northern Irish loyalist who led "D Company" (Ballysillan), 1st Battalion, Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF).
John Henry Crichton, 4th Earl Erne, KP, PC (I) (16 October 1839 – 2 December 1914), styled Viscount Crichton from 1842 to 1885, was an Anglo-Irish peer and Conservative politician.
John Dallat MLA (born 24 March 1947) is an Irish politician in the Social Democratic and Labour Party who represents East Londonderry in the Northern Ireland Assembly.
John Gregg (1957 – 1 February 2003) was a senior member of the UDA/UFF loyalist paramilitary organisation in Northern Ireland.
John Mitchel (Seán Mistéal; 3 November 1815 – 20 March 1875) was an Irish nationalist activist, author, and political journalist.
John Russell, 1st Earl Russell, (18 August 1792 – 28 May 1878), known by his courtesy title Lord John Russell before 1861, was a leading Whig and Liberal politician who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom on two occasions during the early Victorian era.
Sir Joseph Davison (1868 – 15 July 1948) was a prominent Northern Irish Unionist politician.
Joseph Hume FRS (22 January 1777 – 20 February 1855) was a Scottish doctor and Radical MP.
Sir Joseph George Ward, 1st Baronet of Wellington, (26 April 1856 – 8 July 1930) was a New Zealand politician who served as the 17th Prime Minister of New Zealand from 1906 to 1912 and from 1928 to 1930.
Lachute is a town in southwest Quebec, Canada, northwest of Montreal, on the Rivière du Nord, a tributary of the Ottawa River, and west of Mirabel International Airport.
Lagos is a city in the Nigerian state of Lagos.
Lanarkshire, also called the County of Lanark (Siorrachd Lannraig, Lanrikshire) is a historic county in the central Lowlands of Scotland.
The Larne gun-running was a major gun smuggling operation organised in April 1914 in Ireland by Major Frederick H. Crawford and Captain Wilfrid Spender for the Ulster Unionist Council to equip the Ulster Volunteer Force.
Letitia Dunbar-Harrison (4 February 1906 – 1994) was an Irish librarian who became the subject of a controversy over her appointment.
This is a list of designated terrorist groups by national governments, former governments, and inter-governmental organizations, where the proscription has a significant effect on the group's activities.
This list of kings and queens of the Kingdom of England begins with Alfred the Great, King of Wessex, one of the petty kingdoms to rule a portion of modern England.
This is a list of the Parliaments of the Ontario Legislative Assembly, the legislature of the Canadian province of Ontario, since Canadian Confederation in 1867.
The monarch of Scotland was the head of state of the Kingdom of Scotland.
Liverpool is a city in North West England, with an estimated population of 491,500 in 2017.
The Liverpool Protestant Party (LPP) was a minor political party operating in the city of Liverpool in northwest England.
Lomé, with a population of 837,437 (metro population 1,570,283), is the capital and largest city of Togo.
A Lord Ordinary is any judge in the Outer House of the Scottish Court of Session.
Loughgall is a small village, townland (of 131 acres) and civil parish in County Armagh, Northern Ireland.
Louis XIV (Louis Dieudonné; 5 September 16381 September 1715), known as Louis the Great (Louis le Grand) or the Sun King (Roi Soleil), was a monarch of the House of Bourbon who reigned as King of France from 1643 until his death in 1715.
Dame Louise Joyce Ellman (born 14 November 1945) is a British Labour Co-operative politician who has been the Member of Parliament (MP) for Liverpool Riverside since 1997.
The Loyalist Volunteer Force (LVF) is a small Ulster loyalist paramilitary group in Northern Ireland.
Lurgan is a town in County Armagh, Northern Ireland.
Sir Mackenzie Bowell (December 27, 1823 – December 10, 1917) was a Canadian newspaper publisher and politician, who served as the fifth Prime Minister of Canada, in office from 1894 to 1896.
Manchester is a city and metropolitan borough in Greater Manchester, England, with a population of 530,300.
Martin Luther, (10 November 1483 – 18 February 1546) was a German professor of theology, composer, priest, monk, and a seminal figure in the Protestant Reformation.
Reverend William Martin Smyth (born 15 June 1931) is a Northern Irish unionist politician, and was Ulster Unionist Party Member of Parliament for Belfast South from 1982 to 2005.
Mass is a term used to describe the main eucharistic liturgical service in many forms of Western Christianity.
General Mervyn Archdall (27 April 1763 – 26 July 1839) was an Irish officer in the British Army and Member of Parliament for County Fermanagh in the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
The military history of New Zealand during World War I began in August 1914 when Great Britain declared war on Germany at the start of the First World War, the New Zealand government followed without hesitation, despite its geographic isolation and small population.
The Mohawk people (who identify as Kanien'kehá:ka) are the most easterly tribe of the Haudenosaunee, or Iroquois Confederacy.
A monarchical system of government existed in Ireland from ancient times until, for what became the Republic of Ireland, the mid-twentieth century.
Mormons are a religious and cultural group related to Mormonism, the principal branch of the Latter Day Saint movement of Restorationist Christianity, initiated by Joseph Smith in upstate New York during the 1820s.
Mortimer O'Sullivan (1791–1859) was a Church of Ireland clergyman, writer and member of the Orange Order.
Naples is a city in Collier County, Florida, United States.
New Zealand (Aotearoa) is a sovereign island country in the southwestern Pacific Ocean.
The New Zealand Wars were a series of armed conflicts that took place in New Zealand from 1845 to 1872 between the New Zealand government and the Māori.
Newfoundland (Terre-Neuve) is a large Canadian island off the east coast of the North American mainland, and the most populous part of the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador.
Nigeria, officially the Federal Republic of Nigeria is a federal republic in West Africa, bordering Benin in the west, Chad and Cameroon in the east, and Niger in the north.
The Nigerian Civil War, commonly known as the Biafran War (6 July 1967 – 15 January 1970), was a war fought between the government of Nigeria and the secessionist state of Biafra.
The North Island (Māori: Te Ika-a-Māui) is one of the two main islands of New Zealand, separated from the slightly larger but much less populous South Island by Cook Strait.
Northern Ireland (Tuaisceart Éireann; Ulster-Scots: Norlin Airlann) is a part of the United Kingdom in the north-east of the island of Ireland, variously described as a country, province or region.
The Northern Ireland Office (NIO; Oifig Thuaisceart Éireann, Ulster-Scots: Norlin Airlann Oaffis) is a UK government department responsible for Northern Ireland affairs.
The Northern Ireland peace process is often considered to cover the events leading up to the 1994 Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA) ceasefire, the end of most of the violence of the Troubles, the Good Friday (or Belfast) Agreement of 1998, and subsequent political developments.
The official languages of Canada are English and French, which "have equality of status and equal rights and privileges as to their use in all institutions of the Parliament and Government of Canada," according to Canada's constitution.
Ontario is one of the 13 provinces and territories of Canada and is located in east-central Canada.
The Loyal Orange Institution, more commonly known as the Orange Order, is a Protestant fraternal order based primarily in Northern Ireland.
The Grand Orange Lodge of British America, more commonly known as the Grand Orange Lodge of Canada or simply Orange Order in Canada, is the Canadian branch of the Orange Order, a Protestant fraternal organization that began in County Armagh, Ireland, in 1795.
The Orange Riots took place in Manhattan, New York City, in 1870 and 1871, and they involved violent conflict between Irish Protestants, called "Orangemen", and Irish Catholics, along with the New York City Police Department and the New York State National Guard.
The Orange Volunteers (OV) or Orange Volunteer Force (OVF) is a small Ulster loyalist paramilitary group in Northern Ireland.
The Orange Volunteers (OV) was a loyalist vigilante group with a paramilitary structure active in Northern Ireland during the early 1970s.
Orange walks are a series of parades held annually by members of the Orange Order on a regular basis during the summer in Ulster, mostly in Scotland, occasionally in:England, and throughout the Commonwealth.
The Ottawa Valley is the valley of the Ottawa River, along the boundary between Eastern Ontario and the Outaouais, Quebec, Canada.
In historical legal systems, an outlaw is declared as outside the protection of the law.
The Palace of Westminster is the meeting place of the House of Commons and the House of Lords, the two houses of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
The Parades Commission is a quasi-judicial non-departmental public body responsible for placing restrictions on any parades in Northern Ireland it deems contentious or offensive.
Parades are an important part of the culture of Northern Ireland.
A paramilitary is a semi-militarized force whose organizational structure, tactics, training, subculture, and (often) function are similar to those of a professional military, but which is not included as part of a state's formal armed forces.
The Parliament of Northern Ireland was the Home Rule legislature of Northern Ireland, created under the Government of Ireland Act 1920, which sat from 7 June 1921 to 30 March 1972, when it was suspended with the introduction of Direct Rule.
The partition of Ireland (críochdheighilt na hÉireann) was the division of the island of Ireland into two distinct jurisdictions, Northern Ireland and Southern Ireland.
Patrick Barnabas Burke Mayhew, Baron Mayhew of Twysden, (11 September 1929 – 25 June 2016) was a British barrister and politician.
Paul Butler (Irish: Pól de Buitléir) is a republican politician in Northern Ireland and a former member of the Provisional Irish Republican Army.
The Peep o' Day Boys was an agrarian Protestant association in 18th-century Ireland.
In the island of Ireland, Penal Laws (Na Péindlíthe) were a series of laws imposed in an attempt to force Irish Roman Catholics and Protestant dissenters (such as local Presbyterians) to accept the reformed denomination as defined by the English state established Anglican Church and practised by members of the Irish state established Church of Ireland.
Petersfield is a market town and civil parish in the East Hampshire district of Hampshire, England.
Philadelphia is the largest city in the U.S. state and Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, and the sixth-most populous U.S. city, with a 2017 census-estimated population of 1,580,863.
The Plantation of Ulster (Plandáil Uladh; Ulster-Scots: Plantin o Ulstèr) was the organised colonisation (plantation) of Ulstera province of Irelandby people from Great Britain during the reign of James VI and I. Most of the colonists came from Scotland and England, although there was a small number of Welsh settlers.
Pontiac is a municipality in western Quebec, Canada, on the north shore of the Ottawa River, in the Outaouais region of the Ottawa Valley.
Portadown is a town in County Armagh, Northern Ireland.
The Portadown Times is a newspaper based in Portadown, County Armagh, Northern Ireland, UK.
The Presbyterian Church in Ireland (PCI; Eaglais Phreispitéireach in Éirinn, Ulster-Scots: Prisbytairin Kirk in Airlann) is the largest Presbyterian denomination in Ireland, and the largest Protestant denomination in Northern Ireland.
The Prime Minister of New Zealand (Te Pirimia o Aotearoa) is the head of government of New Zealand.
The Prime Minister of Northern Ireland was the head of the Government of Northern Ireland between 1921 and 1972.
The Protestant Ascendancy, known simply as the Ascendancy, was the political, economic and social domination of Ireland between the 17th century and the early 20th century by a minority of landowners, Protestant clergy and members of the professions, all members of the Church of Ireland or the Church of England.
Protestantism is the second largest form of Christianity with collectively more than 900 million adherents worldwide or nearly 40% of all Christians.
The Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA or Provisional IRA) was an Irish republican revolutionary organisation that sought to end British rule in Northern Ireland, facilitate the reunification of Ireland and bring about an independent socialist republic encompassing all of Ireland.
Quakers (or Friends) are members of a historically Christian group of religious movements formally known as the Religious Society of Friends or Friends Church.
Quebec (Québec)According to the Canadian government, Québec (with the acute accent) is the official name in French and Quebec (without the accent) is the province's official name in English; the name is.
Victoria (Alexandrina Victoria; 24 May 1819 – 22 January 1901) was Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 20 June 1837 until her death.
Quyon is a village that is part of Pontiac, Quebec, in the Les Collines-de-l'Outaouais Regional County Municipality (MRC des Collines).
The Real Ulster Freedom Fighters, otherwise known as the Real UFF, was a dissident loyalist paramilitary group in Northern Ireland.
The Reformation (or, more fully, the Protestant Reformation; also, the European Reformation) was a schism in Western Christianity initiated by Martin Luther and continued by Huldrych Zwingli, John Calvin and other Protestant Reformers in 16th century Europe.
Renfrewshire or the County of Renfrew (Praefectura Renfroana) is a historic county and lieutenancy area in the west central Lowlands of Scotland.
Ireland (Éire), also known as the Republic of Ireland (Poblacht na hÉireann), is a sovereign state in north-western Europe occupying 26 of 32 counties of the island of Ireland.
The Republic of Ireland–United Kingdom border, also known as the Irish border, runs for Ordnance Survey of Northern Ireland, 1999MFPP Working Paper No.
Modern republicanism is a guiding political philosophy of the United States that has been a major part of American civic thought since its founding.
Reuters is an international news agency headquartered in London, United Kingdom.
Rhode Island Avenue is a diagonal avenue in the Northwest and Northeast quadrants of Washington, D.C. and the capital's inner suburbs in Prince George's County, Maryland.
Ribbonism, whose supporters were usually called Ribbonmen, was a 19th-century popular movement of poor Catholics in Ireland.
Richard Jameson (c. 1953 – 10 January 2000), was a Northern Irish businessman and loyalist, who served as the leader of the paramilitary Ulster Volunteer Force's (UVF) Mid-Ulster Brigade.
Robert William "Basher" Bates (12 December 1948 – 11 June 1997) was an Ulster loyalist from Belfast, Northern Ireland.
Reverend Robert Jonathan Bradford (8 June 1941 – 14 November 1981) was a Methodist Minister and a Vanguard Unionist and Ulster Unionist Member of Parliament for the Belfast South constituency in Northern Ireland until his assassination by the Provisional Irish Republican Army on 14 November 1981.
Robert Jocelyn, 3rd Earl of Roden, (27 October 1788 – 20 March 1870), styled Viscount Jocelyn between 1797 and 1820, was an Irish Tory politician and supporter of Protestant causes.
Robert Kee, CBE (5 October 1919 – 11 January 2013) was a British broadcaster, journalist and writer, known for his historical works on World War II and Ireland.
Robert William McConnell (c. 1944 – 5 April 1976), was a Northern Irish loyalist who allegedly carried out or was an accomplice to a number of sectarian attacks and killings, although he never faced any charges or convictions.
Colonel Robert Hugh Wallace, CB, CBE, PC(Ire) (14 December 1860 – 23 December 1929) was a British soldier and a lawyer and politician in Northern Ireland.
Rory Sweetman (born 1956) is a professional New Zealand historian.
Rossnowlagh is a seaside village in south County Donegal, Ireland.
Rostrevor is a village and townland in County Down, Northern Ireland.
The Royal Arch Purple, properly the Grand Royal Arch Purple Chapter of Ireland,"The Official website of the Grand Royal Arch Purple Chapter of Ireland." is an organisation related to Orangeism but not recognised by the Grand Orange Lodge of Ireland which recognises only two degrees, those of Orange and Purple.
The Royal Black Institution, also known as the Royal Black Preceptory, the Imperial Grand Black Chapter Of The British Commonwealth, or simply the Black Institution,, BBC News, 9 December 2010 is a Protestant fraternal society.
The Royal Mile (Ryal Mile) is the name given to a succession of streets forming the main thoroughfare of the Old Town of the city of Edinburgh in Scotland.
The Royal Ulster Constabulary was the police force in Northern Ireland from 1922 to 2001.
Ruth Dudley Edwards (born 24 May 1944, in Dublin, Ireland) is an Irish revisionist historian, crime novelist, journalist and broadcaster, in both Ireland and the United Kingdom.
In heraldry, the Saint George's Cross, also called Cross of Saint George, is a red cross on a white background, which from the Late Middle Ages became associated with Saint George, the military saint, often depicted as a crusader.
Saint Patrick (Patricius; Pádraig; Padrig) was a fifth-century Romano-British Christian missionary and bishop in Ireland.
A sash is a large and usually colorful ribbon or band of material worn around the body, draping from one shoulder to the opposing hip, or else running around the waist.
Scotland (Alba) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and covers the northern third of the island of Great Britain.
Scottish independence (Scots unthirldom; Neo-eisimeileachd na h-Alba) is a political aim of various political parties, advocacy groups, and individuals in Scotland (which is a country of the United Kingdom) for the country to become an independent sovereign state.
A referendum on Scottish independence from the United Kingdom took place on Thursday 18 September 2014.
The Lowlands (the Lallans or the Lawlands; a' Ghalldachd, "the place of the foreigner") are a cultural and historic region of Scotland.
The Scullabogue massacre was an atrocity committed in Scullabogue, near Newbawn, County Wexford, Ireland on 5 June 1798, during the 1798 rebellion when some insurgents massacred up to 200 noncombatant men, women and children, most of whom were Protestant, held prisoner in a barn which was then set alight.
On 5 February 1992, a mass shooting took place at the Sean Graham bookmaker's shop on the Lower Ormeau Road in Belfast, Northern Ireland.
Her Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for Northern Ireland, informally known as the Northern Ireland Secretary, is the principal secretary of state in Her Majesty's Government with responsibilities for Northern Ireland.
Sectarianism is a form of bigotry, discrimination, or hatred arising from attaching relations of inferiority and superiority to differences between subdivisions within a group.
Security Forces is an umbrella term frequently used to describe statutory organisations with internal security mandates.
The Senate of Northern Ireland was the upper house of the Parliament of Northern Ireland created by the Government of Ireland Act 1920.
The Shankill Butchers was an Ulster loyalist gang—many of whom were members of the Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF)—that was active between 1975 and 1982 in Belfast, Northern Ireland.
Shawville is a town located in the Pontiac Regional County Municipality in the administrative region of Outaouais in western Quebec, Canada.
The Siege of Derry, (Léigear Dhoire), was the first major event in the Williamite War in Ireland.
The Siege of Limerick in western Ireland was a second siege of the town during the Williamite War in Ireland (1689–91).
Sinn Féin (isbn) is a left-wing Irish republican political party active in both the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland.
Sinn Féin Republican Youth (known as Ógra Shinn Féin until 2012) (Sinn Féin Óige Phoblachtach) is the youth wing of the Irish political party Sinn Féin.
Sir Edward Mervyn Archdale, 1st Baronet, PC (Ire), DL (26 January 1853 – 1 November 1943) was a Northern Irish politician.
Sir George Anthony Clark, 3rd Baronet, DL (24 January 1914 – 20 February 1991) was an Orangeman and unionist politician in Northern Ireland.
Sir James Henry Stronge, 5th Baronet (8 December 1849 – 20 May 1928) was an Irish barrister, footballer and politician.
Sir William Molesworth, 8th Baronet PC (23 May 1810 – 22 October 1855), was a Radical British politician, who served in the coalition cabinet of The Earl of Aberdeen from 1853 until his death in 1855 as First Commissioner of Works and then Colonial Secretary.
The Social Democratic and Labour Party (SDLP) is a social-democratic and Irish nationalist political party in Northern Ireland.
The Society of United Irishmen was founded as a liberal political organisation in 18th-century Ireland that initially sought Parliamentary reform.
The South Island (Māori: Te Waipounamu) is the larger of the two major islands of New Zealand, the other being the smaller but more populous North Island.
Southern Ireland (Deisceart Éireann) was the larger of the two parts of Ireland that were created when Ireland was partitioned under the Government of Ireland Act 1920.
Southport is a large seaside town in Merseyside, England.
Stoneyford is a small village in County Antrim, Northern Ireland.
Supremacism is an ideology of domination and superiority: it states that a particular class of people is superior to others, and that it should dominate, control, and subjugate others, or is entitled to do it.
Te Ara: The Encyclopedia of New Zealand is an online encyclopedia created by the Ministry for Culture and Heritage of the New Zealand Government.
The Ten Commandments (עֲשֶׂרֶת הַדִּבְּרוֹת, Aseret ha'Dibrot), also known as the Decalogue, are a set of biblical principles relating to ethics and worship, which play a fundamental role in Judaism and Christianity.
Terence Marne O'Neill, Baron O'Neill of the Maine, PC (10 September 1914 – 12 June 1990) was the fourth Prime Minister of Northern Ireland and leader (1963–1969) of the Ulster Unionist Party (UUP).
The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church), often informally known as the Mormon Church, is a nontrinitarian, Christian restorationist church that is considered by its members to be the restoration of the original church founded by Jesus Christ.
The Daily Telegraph, commonly referred to simply as The Telegraph, is a national British daily broadsheet newspaper published in London by Telegraph Media Group and distributed across the United Kingdom and internationally.
The Guardian is a British daily newspaper.
The Maritimes, also called the Maritime provinces (Provinces maritimes) or the Canadian Maritimes, is a region of Eastern Canada consisting of three provinces: New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, and Prince Edward Island (PEI).
The News Letter is one of Northern Ireland's main daily newspapers, published Monday to Saturday.
The Troubles (Na Trioblóidí) was an ethno-nationalist conflict in Northern Ireland during the late 20th century.
The Twelfth (also called the Glorious Twelfth or Orangemen's Day) is a Protestant celebration held on 12 July.
The Thirty-nine Articles of Religion (commonly abbreviated as the Thirty-nine Articles or the XXXIX Articles) are the historically defining statements of doctrines and practices of the Church of England with respect to the controversies of the English Reformation.
Thomas Alfred "Tommy" Jackson (21 August 1879 – 18 August 1955) was a founding member of the Socialist Party of Great Britain and later the Communist Party of Great Britain.
Thomas Gibson Sloane (20 April 1857 or 185820 October 1932) was an Australian sheep grazier and entomologist, considered to be one of the pioneers in Australia's entomology field.
Thomas John Barnardo (4 July 184519 September 1905) was an Irish philanthropist and founder and director of homes for poor children.
Thomas Henry Sloan (1870–1941) was an Irish and British politician and founder of the Independent Orange Order.
Togo, officially the Togolese Republic (République Togolaise), is a sovereign state in West Africa bordered by Ghana to the west, Benin to the east and Burkina Faso to the north.
Torrance is a U.S. city in the South Bay (southwestern) region of Los Angeles County, California.
Toxteth is an inner city area of Liverpool, England.
The Christian doctrine of the Trinity (from Greek τριάς and τριάδα, from "threefold") holds that God is one but three coeternal consubstantial persons or hypostases—the Father, the Son (Jesus Christ), and the Holy Spirit—as "one God in three Divine Persons".
Triumphalism is the attitude or belief that a particular doctrine, religion, culture, or social system is superior to and should triumph over all others.
Ulster (Ulaidh or Cúige Uladh, Ulster Scots: Ulstèr or Ulster) is a province in the north of the island of Ireland.
Ulster's Solemn League and Covenant, commonly known as the Ulster Covenant, was signed by nearly 500,000 people on and before 28 September 1912, in protest against the Third Home Rule Bill introduced by the British Government in the same year.
The Ulster Defence Association (abbreviated UDA) is the largest Ulster loyalist paramilitary and vigilante group in Northern Ireland.
The Ulster Defence Regiment (UDR) was an infantry regiment of the British Army established in 1970, with a comparatively short existence ending in 1992.
Ulster loyalism is a political ideology found primarily among working class Ulster Protestants in Northern Ireland, whose status as a part of the United Kingdom has remained controversial.
The Ulster Scots (Ulster-Scots: Ulstèr-Scotch), also called Ulster-Scots people (Ulstèr-Scotch fowk) or, outside the British Isles, Scots-Irish (Scotch-Airisch), are an ethnic group in Ireland, found mostly in the Ulster region and to a lesser extent in the rest of Ireland.
The Ulster Tower is Northern Ireland's national war memorial.
The Ulster Unionist Party (UUP) is a unionist political party in Northern Ireland.
The Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF) is an Ulster loyalist paramilitary group in Northern Ireland.
The Ulster Volunteers was a unionist militia founded in 1912 to block domestic self-government (or Home Rule) for Ireland, which was then part of the United Kingdom.
Unionism in Ireland is a political ideology that favours the continuation of some form of political union between the islands of Ireland and Great Britain.
Unionism in the United Kingdom, also referred to as British unionism, is a political ideology favouring the continuation of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, or in some cases the enlargement of that state to include the whole of Ireland (currently the Irish Republic).
Unitarianism (from Latin unitas "unity, oneness", from unus "one") is historically a Christian theological movement named for its belief that the God in Christianity is one entity, as opposed to the Trinity (tri- from Latin tres "three") which defines God as three persons in one being; the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit.
United Ireland (also referred to as Irish reunification) is the proposition that the whole of Ireland should be a single sovereign state.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
The 2010 United Kingdom general election was held on Thursday, 6 May 2010, with 45,597,461 registered voters entitled to vote to elect members to the House of Commons.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland was established by the Acts of Union 1800, which merged the kingdoms of Great Britain and Ireland.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
The Province of Upper Canada (province du Haut-Canada) was a part of British Canada established in 1791 by the Kingdom of Great Britain, to govern the central third of the lands in British North America and to accommodate Loyalist refugees of the United States after the American Revolution.
Wales (Cymru) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and the island of Great Britain.
Waringstown is a village in County Down, southeast of Lurgan.
The Westminster Confession of Faith is a Reformed confession of faith.
Whit Monday or Pentecost Monday (also known as Monday of the Holy Spirit) is the holiday celebrated the day after Pentecost, a moveable feast in the Christian calendar.
Lieutenant-Colonel William Blacker (1 September 1777 – 25 November 1855Burke's Peerage gives information for two contemporaries named William Blacker. Page 103 gives and brother of Valentine Blacker with 1776 as birth and 20 October 1850 as death. Page 104 gives a distant relative of Valentine Blacker with 1 September 1777 as birth and 1855 as death. It appears the distant relative, whose father was Dean Blacker (died 1 December 1826) was the author and subject of this biography.) was a British Army officer, Commissioner of the Treasury of Ireland, and author.
The Rt. Hon. William Willoughby Cole, 3rd Earl of Enniskillen, FRS (25 January 1807 – 21 November 1886), known by his courtesy title of Viscount Cole from 1807 to 1840, was an Irish palaeontologist and Conservative Member of Parliament.
William Ewart Gladstone, (29 December 1809 – 19 May 1898) was a British statesman of the Liberal Party.
William Henry Holmes Lyons (31 July 1843 – 27 March 1924) was the High Sheriff of Antrim in 1904.
William III (Willem; 4 November 1650 – 8 March 1702), also widely known as William of Orange, was sovereign Prince of Orange from birth, Stadtholder of Holland, Zeeland, Utrecht, Gelderland and Overijssel in the Dutch Republic from 1672 and King of England, Ireland and Scotland from 1689 until his death in 1702.
William IV (William Henry; 21 August 1765 – 20 June 1837) was King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and King of Hanover from 26 June 1830 until his death in 1837.
William Johnston (22 February 1829 – 17 July 1902) was a nineteenth-century Irish politician and member of the Orange Order.
William Ferguson Massey (26 March 1856 – 10 May 1925), commonly known as Bill Massey, was an Irish-born politician in New Zealand who served as the 19th Prime Minister of New Zealand from May 1912 to May 1925.
Sir William Victor McCleery (17 July 1887 – 30 October 1957) was a prominent Unionist in Northern Ireland.
A Williamite is a follower of King William III of England who deposed King James II in the Glorious Revolution.
The Williamite War in Ireland (1688–1691) (Cogadh an Dá Rí, meaning "war of the two kings"), was a conflict between Jacobites (supporters of the Catholic King James II of England and Ireland, VII of Scotland) and Williamites (supporters of the Dutch Protestant Prince William of Orange) over who would be monarch of the Kingdom of England, the Kingdom of Scotland and the Kingdom of Ireland.
Theobald Wolfe Tone, posthumously known as Wolfe Tone (20 June 1763 – 19 November 1798), was a leading Irish revolutionary figure and one of the founding members of the United Irishmen, and is regarded as the father of Irish republicanism and leader of the 1798 Irish Rebellion.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
Yeomanry is a designation used by a number of units or sub-units of the British Army Reserve, descended from volunteer cavalry regiments.
From 6 to 11 July 1997 there were mass protests, fierce riots and gun battles in Irish nationalist districts of Northern Ireland.
The 36th (Ulster) Division was an infantry division of the British Army, part of Lord Kitchener's New Army, formed in September 1914.
Fermanagh Orangeism, Grand Orange Lodge of Ireland, James Sloan (Orangeman), Loyal Orange Association, Loyal Orange Lodge, Orange Institution, Orange Lodge, Orange Lodges, Orange arch, Orange lodge, Orange man, Orange men, Orange order, Orangeism, Orangies, Orangism (Northern Ireland), The orange order.