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Orders, decorations, and medals of Canada

Index Orders, decorations, and medals of Canada

The orders, decorations, and medals of Canada comprise a complex system by which Canadians are honoured by the country's sovereign for actions or deeds that benefit their community or the country at large. [1]

237 relations: Adrienne Clarkson, Advice (constitutional), Agnes Macdonald, 1st Baroness Macdonald of Earnscliffe, Alberta, Art, Australia, Baron Beaverbrook, Baron de Longueuil, Baron Shaughnessy, Baron Strathcona and Mount Royal, Baron Thomson of Fleet, Baronet, Brian Mulroney, British campaign medals, British Columbia, British Empire, British North America, Cabinet (government), Cabinet of Canada, Cabinet of the United Kingdom, Calgary, Campaign medal, Canada General Service Medal, Canada in the War in Afghanistan, Canada Medal, Canadian Armed Forces, Canadian Bravery Decorations, Canadian Centennial, Canadian Centennial Medal, Canadian Coast Guard Exemplary Service Medal, Canadian Confederation, Canadian Forces Decoration, Canadian Heraldic Authority, Canadian order of precedence (decorations and medals), Canadian Peacekeeping Service Medal, Canadian peers and baronets, Canadian titles debate, Canadian Volunteer Service Medal for Korea, Canadians, Charles de Montmagny, Charles Monck, 4th Viscount Monck, Charles Shaughnessy, Charles Spencer, 9th Earl Spencer, Chief of the Defence Staff (Canada), Christopher McCreery, Civil awards and decorations, Civil service, Civilian, Coat of arms, Commander-in-Chief of the Canadian Armed Forces, ..., Commemorative Medal for the Centennial of Saskatchewan, Commonwealth of Nations, Commonwealth realm, Corrections Exemplary Service Medal, Courtesy title, Cross of Valour (Canada), Crown dependencies, Crusades, Culture, David Lloyd George, Department of National Defence (Canada), Diamond Jubilee of Elizabeth II, Diana, Princess of Wales, Dynastic order, Earnscliffe, Edward VII, Emergency Medical Services Exemplary Service Medal, Euan Howard, 4th Baron Strathcona and Mount Royal, Fenian raids, Fire Services Exemplary Service Medal, Firefighting, Flag, Fount of honour, Frederick Banting, General Campaign Star, General Service Medal (Canada), George Cross, George Stephen, 1st Baron Mount Stephen, George V, George VI, George Windsor, Earl of St Andrews, Gilbert Elliot-Murray-Kynynmound, 4th Earl of Minto, Golden Jubilee of Elizabeth II, Governor General of Canada, Governor of New France, Gulf and Kuwait Medal, Gulf War, Heraldic badge, Hereditary peer, Historica Canada, Hopewell Hill, New Brunswick, House of Commons of Canada, House of Lords, Hugh Graham, 1st Baron Atholstan, Huntingdon, Quebec, Imperial Service Order, Jean Chrétien, Jerusalem, John de Chastelain, Karen Spencer, Countess Spencer, King Edward VII Coronation Medal, King George V Coronation Medal, King George V Silver Jubilee Medal, King George VI Coronation Medal, Knight, Knights Hospitaller, Korea Medal, Korean War, Latin, Law enforcement in Canada, Lester B. Pearson, Letters patent, Letters Patent, 1947, Lieutenant governor (Canada), Life peer, List of awards presented by the Governor General of Canada, List of Canadian awards, List of extant baronetcies, List of post-nominal letters in Canada, Literature, Longueuil, Louis XIV of France, Louis-Hector de Callière, Maxwell Aitken, 3rd Baron Beaverbrook, Medal of Bravery (Canada), Medal of Military Valour, Memorial Cross, Meritorious Service Cross, Meritorious Service Medal (Canada), Michael Grant, 12th Baron de Longueuil, Mickleham, Surrey, Military, Military awards and decorations, Military operation, Minister of the Crown, Monarchy of Canada, Montreal Star, Mother, Mount Royal, Mount Stephen, NATO, New Brunswick, New France, New Zealand, Next of kin, Ontario, Operational Service Medal (Canada), Order (distinction), Order in Council, Order of Canada, Order of Good Cheer, Order of Merit, Order of New Zealand, Order of Saint Louis, Order of St Michael and St George, Order of the Bath, Order of the British Empire, Order of the Companions of Honour, Orders and decorations of the Commonwealth realms, Orders, decorations, and medals of the Canadian provinces, Orders, decorations, and medals of the United Kingdom, Ottawa, Peace Officer Exemplary Service Medal, Peerage, Pierre Trudeau, Polar Medal (Canada), Police, Police Exemplary Service Medal, Post-nominal letters, Prime Minister of Canada, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, Prince Edward, Duke of Kent, Provinces and territories of Canada, Public Service of Canada, Quebec, Queen Elizabeth II Coronation Medal, Queen Elizabeth II Diamond Jubilee Medal, Queen Elizabeth II Golden Jubilee Medal, Queen Elizabeth II Silver Jubilee Medal, Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother, Queen Victoria, Queen Victoria Diamond Jubilee Medal, Queen Victoria Golden Jubilee Medal, Queen's Medal for Champion Shot, Queen's Privy Council for Canada, R. B. Bennett, Red River Rebellion, Rideau Hall, Robert Borden, Roméo LeBlanc, Royal Canadian Mounted Police, Royal Canadian Mounted Police Long Service Medal, Royal prerogative, Royal Victorian Chain, Royal Victorian Medal, Royal Victorian Order, Sacrifice Medal, Sam Hughes, Samuel de Champlain, Science, Secretary of State for the Colonies, Secretary to the Governor General of Canada, Shaughnessy, Vancouver, Silver Cross Mother, Silver Jubilee of Queen Elizabeth II, Somali Civil War, Somalia Medal, South-West Asia Service Medal, Sovereign Military Order of Malta, Sovereign's Medal for Volunteers, Special Service Medal (Canada), St John Ambulance, Star of Courage (Canada), Star of Military Valour, Strathcona County, Supporter, Sylvana Tomaselli, Ted Leather, Terry Matthews, The Canadian Encyclopedia, Thomas Shaughnessy, 1st Baron Shaughnessy, United Kingdom, United Nations Medal, Veterans Affairs Canada, Viceregal consort of Canada, Victor Cavendish, 9th Duke of Devonshire, Victoria Cross, Victoria Cross (Canada), Vincent Massey, Westminster, Widow, Wilder Penfield, Wilfrid Laurier, William Lyon Mackenzie King, World War II, Wound stripe, 125th Anniversary of the Confederation of Canada Medal. Expand index (187 more) »

Adrienne Clarkson

Adrienne Louise Clarkson (née Poy, February 10, 1939) is a Hong Kong-born Canadian journalist and stateswoman who served as Governor General of Canada, the 26th since Canadian Confederation.

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Advice (constitutional)

Advice, in constitutional law, is formal, usually binding, instruction given by one constitutional officer of state to another.

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Agnes Macdonald, 1st Baroness Macdonald of Earnscliffe

Susan Agnes Macdonald, 1st Baroness Macdonald of Earnscliffe (née Bernard; 24 August 1836 – 5 September 1920) was the second wife of Sir John A. Macdonald, the first Prime Minister of Canada.

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Alberta

Alberta is a western province of Canada.

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Art

Art is a diverse range of human activities in creating visual, auditory or performing artifacts (artworks), expressing the author's imaginative, conceptual idea, or technical skill, intended to be appreciated for their beauty or emotional power.

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Australia

Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands.

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Baron Beaverbrook

Baron Beaverbrook, of Beaverbrook in the Province of New Brunswick in the Dominion of Canada and of Cherkley in the County of Surrey, is a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.

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Baron de Longueuil

The title Baron de Longueuil is the only currently-extant French colonial title that is recognized by Queen Elizabeth II as Queen of Canada.

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Baron Shaughnessy

Baron Shaughnessy, of the City of Montreal in the Dominion of Canada and of Ashford in the County of Limerick, is a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.

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Baron Strathcona and Mount Royal

Baron Strathcona and Mount Royal, of Mount Royal in the Province of Quebec and Dominion of Canada and of Glencoe in the County of Argyll, is a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.

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Baron Thomson of Fleet

Baron Thomson of Fleet, of Northbridge in the City of Edinburgh, is a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.

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Baronet

A baronet (or; abbreviated Bart or Bt) or the rare female equivalent, a baronetess (or; abbreviation Btss), is the holder of a baronetcy, an hereditary title awarded by the British Crown.

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Brian Mulroney

Martin Brian Mulroney (born March 20, 1939) is a Canadian politician who served as the 18th Prime Minister of Canada from September 17, 1984, to June 25, 1993.

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British campaign medals

British campaign medals are awarded to members of the British Armed Forces, Allied forces and civilians participating in specified military campaigns.

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British Columbia

British Columbia (BC; Colombie-Britannique) is the westernmost province of Canada, located between the Pacific Ocean and the Rocky Mountains.

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British Empire

The British Empire comprised the dominions, colonies, protectorates, mandates and other territories ruled or administered by the United Kingdom and its predecessor states.

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British North America

The term "British North America" refers to the former territories of the British Empire on the mainland of North America.

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Cabinet (government)

A cabinet is a body of high-ranking state officials, typically consisting of the top leaders of the executive branch.

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Cabinet of Canada

The Cabinet of Canada (Cabinet du Canada) is a body of ministers of the Crown that, along with the Canadian monarch, and within the tenets of the Westminster system, forms the government of Canada.

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Cabinet of the United Kingdom

The Cabinet of the United Kingdom is the collective decision-making body of Her Majesty's Government of the United Kingdom, composed of the Prime Minister and 21 cabinet ministers, the most senior of the government ministers.

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Calgary

Calgary is a city in the Canadian province of Alberta.

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Campaign medal

A campaign medal is a military decoration which is awarded to a member of the military who serves in a designated military operation or performs duty in a geographical theater.

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Canada General Service Medal

The Canada General Service Medal was a campaign medal awarded by the Canadian Government to both Imperial and Canadian forces for duties related to the Fenian raids between 1866 and 1871.

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Canada in the War in Afghanistan

Canada's role in the Afghanistan War began in late 2001.

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Canada Medal

The Canada Medal was an honour created in 1943 as part of an attempt to establish an indigenous honours system in Canada.

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Canadian Armed Forces

The Canadian Armed Forces (CAF; Forces armées canadiennes, FAC), or Canadian Forces (CF) (Forces canadiennes, FC), are the unified armed forces of Canada, as constituted by the National Defence Act, which states: "The Canadian Forces are the armed forces of Her Majesty raised by Canada and consist of one Service called the Canadian Armed Forces." This unified institution consists of sea, land, and air elements referred to as the Royal Canadian Navy (RCN), Canadian Army, and Royal Canadian Air Force (RCAF).

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Canadian Bravery Decorations

The Canadian Bravery Decorations are a group of Canadian medals awarded for bravery.

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Canadian Centennial

The Canadian Centennial was a yearlong celebration held in 1967 when Canada celebrated the 100th anniversary of the Canadian Confederation.

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Canadian Centennial Medal

The Canadian Centennial Medal (Médaille du centenaire du Canada) is a commemorative medal struck by the Royal Canadian Mint in 1967 to commemorate the 100th anniversary of the Canadian Confederation and was awarded to Canadians who were recommended by governments and professional, educational and cultural associations, as well as military and protective services, veterans’ groups, sports associations, and philanthropic and charitable bodies, for having provided valuable service to Canada.

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Canadian Coast Guard Exemplary Service Medal

The Canadian Coast Guard Exemplary Service Medal (Médaille pour services distingués de la Garde côtière canadienne) is a service medal created in 1991 by the Canadian monarch-in-Council to recognize members of the Canadian Coast Guard or a supporting organisation who had served for 20 years, half of which time was spent in operations that involved possible personal risk.

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Canadian Confederation

Canadian Confederation (Confédération canadienne) was the process by which the British colonies of Canada, Nova Scotia, and New Brunswick were united into one Dominion of Canada on July 1, 1867.

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Canadian Forces Decoration

The Canadian Forces Decoration (post-nominal letters "CD") is a Canadian award bestowed upon members of the Canadian Armed Forces who have completed twelve years of military service, with certain conditions.

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Canadian Heraldic Authority

The Canadian Heraldic Authority (CHA; L'Autorité héraldique du Canada) is part of the Canadian honours system under the Canadian monarch, whose authority is exercised by the Governor General of Canada.

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Canadian order of precedence (decorations and medals)

The following is the Canadian order of precedence for decorations and medals.

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Canadian Peacekeeping Service Medal

The Canadian Peacekeeping Service Medal (Médaille canadienne du maintien de la paix) is a campaign medal created in 1988 to recognize the contributions of all Canadian Peacekeepers towards the ultimate goal of peace, after the United Nations Department of Peacekeeping Operations was awarded that year's Nobel Peace Prize.

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Canadian peers and baronets

Canadian peers and baronets exist in both the peerage of France recognized by the monarch of Canada (the same as the monarch of the United Kingdom) and the peerage of the United Kingdom.

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Canadian titles debate

The Canadian titles debate has been ongoing since the presentation to the House of Commons of Canada of the Nickle Resolution in 1917.

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Canadian Volunteer Service Medal for Korea

The Canadian Volunteer Service Medal for Korea (Médaille canadienne de service volontaire en Corée) was a campaign medal created in 1991 by the Canadian monarch-in-Council to recognize former members of the Canadian Army, Royal Canadian Navy, and Royal Canadian Air Force who had volunteered to participate in the Korean War, either on the Korean Peninsula itself or in surrounding areas.

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Canadians

Canadians (Canadiens / Canadiennes) are people identified with the country of Canada.

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Charles de Montmagny

Charles Jacques Huault de Montmagny (c. 1599 – 1654) was governor of New France from 1636 to 1648.

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Charles Monck, 4th Viscount Monck

Charles Stanley Monck, 4th Viscount Monck (10 October 1819 – 29 November 1894), was the last Governor-General of the Province of Canada and the first Governor General of Canada after Canadian Confederation.

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Charles Shaughnessy

Charles George Patrick Shaughnessy, 5th Baron Shaughnessy (born 9 February 1955) is a television, theatre, and film actor.

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Charles Spencer, 9th Earl Spencer

Charles Edward Maurice Spencer, 9th Earl Spencer, (born 20 May 1964), styled Viscount Althorp between 1975 and 1992, is a British nobleman, peer, author, journalist, and broadcaster, and was the younger brother of Diana, Princess of Wales.

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Chief of the Defence Staff (Canada)

The Chief of the Defence Staff (CDS; chef d'état-major de la Défense) is the second most senior member of the Canadian Armed Forces (after the commander-in-chief) and heads the Armed Forces Council, having primary responsibility for command, control, and administration of the forces, as well as military strategy, plans, and requirements.

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Christopher McCreery

Christopher McCreery, (born September 1975, Kingston, Ontario, Canada) is a Canadian author and historian.

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Civil awards and decorations

Civil awards and decorations are awarded to civilians for distinguished service or for eminence in a field of endeavour.

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Civil service

The civil service is independent of government and composed mainly of career bureaucrats hired on professional merit rather than appointed or elected, whose institutional tenure typically survives transitions of political leadership.

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Civilian

A civilian is "a person who is not a member of the military or of a police or firefighting force".

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Coat of arms

A coat of arms is a heraldic visual design on an escutcheon (i.e., shield), surcoat, or tabard.

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Commander-in-Chief of the Canadian Armed Forces

The Commander-in-Chief of the Canadian Armed Forces (Commandant en chef des Forces armées canadiennes) is the supreme commander of Canada's armed forces.

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Commemorative Medal for the Centennial of Saskatchewan

The Commemorative Medal for the Centennial of Saskatchewan also called the Saskatchewan Centennial Medal is a commemorative medal struck to celebrate the first 100 years since Saskatchewan's entrance into Canadian Confederation.

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Commonwealth of Nations

The Commonwealth of Nations, often known as simply the Commonwealth, is an intergovernmental organisation of 53 member states that are mostly former territories of the British Empire.

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Commonwealth realm

A Commonwealth realm is a sovereign state that is a member of the Commonwealth of Nations and shares the same person, currently Queen Elizabeth II, as its head of state and reigning constitutional monarch, but retains a Crown legally distinct from the other realms.

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Corrections Exemplary Service Medal

The Corrections Exemplary Service Medal (Médaille pour services distingués en milieu correctionnel) is a Canadian service medal for correctional officers and employees.

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Courtesy title

A courtesy title is a title that does not have legal significance but rather is used through custom or courtesy, particularly, in the context of nobility, the titles used by children of members of the nobility (c.f. substantive title).

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Cross of Valour (Canada)

The Cross of Valour (Croix de la vaillance) is a decoration that is, within the Canadian system of honours, the second highest award (surpassed only by the Victoria Cross), the highest honour available for Canadian civilians, and the highest of the three Canadian Bravery Decorations.

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Crown dependencies

Crown dependencies are three island territories off the coast of Britain which are self-governing possessions of the Crown.

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Crusades

The Crusades were a series of religious wars sanctioned by the Latin Church in the medieval period.

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Culture

Culture is the social behavior and norms found in human societies.

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David Lloyd George

David Lloyd George, 1st Earl Lloyd-George of Dwyfor, (17 January 1863 – 26 March 1945) was a British statesman of the Liberal Party and the final Liberal to serve as Prime Minister.

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Department of National Defence (Canada)

The Department of National Defence (Ministère de la Défense nationale), commonly abbreviated as DND, is a Canadian government department responsible for defending Canada's interests and values at home and abroad.

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Diamond Jubilee of Elizabeth II

The Diamond Jubilee of Elizabeth II was a multinational celebration throughout 2012, that marked the 60th anniversary of the accession of Queen Elizabeth II on 6 February 1952.

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Diana, Princess of Wales

Diana, Princess of Wales (born Diana Frances Spencer; 1 July 1961 – 31 August 1997) was a member of the British royal family.

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Dynastic order

A dynastic order, monarchical order, or house order, is an order under royal patronage, bestowed by the head of a currently or formerly sovereign royal family as legitimate fons honorum.

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Earnscliffe

Earnscliffe is a Victorian manor in Ottawa, Ontario, built in the Gothic Revival style.

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Edward VII

Edward VII (Albert Edward; 9 November 1841 – 6 May 1910) was King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and Emperor of India from 22 January 1901 until his death in 1910.

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Emergency Medical Services Exemplary Service Medal

The Emergency Medical Services Exemplary Service Medal (Médaille pour services distingués des services d'urgence médicale) is a Canadian service medal for Emergency medical service personnel.

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Euan Howard, 4th Baron Strathcona and Mount Royal

Donald Euan Palmer Howard, 4th Baron Strathcona and Mount Royal (26 November 1923 – 18 June 2018), was a British Conservative politician.

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Fenian raids

Between 1866 and 1871, the Fenian raids of the Fenian Brotherhood, an Irish Republican organization based in the United States, on British army forts, customs posts and other targets in Canada, were fought to bring pressure on Britain to withdraw from Ireland.

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Fire Services Exemplary Service Medal

The Fire Services Exemplary Service Medal (Médaille de pompiers pour services distingués) is a service medal created in 1985 by the Canadian monarch-in-Council to recognize members of recognized Canadian fire services who had served for 20 years, ten years of which have been served in the performance of duties involving potential risks.

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Firefighting

Firefighting is the act of attempting to prevent the spread of and extinguish significant unwanted fires in buildings, vehicles, woodlands, etc.

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Flag

A flag is a piece of fabric (most often rectangular or quadrilateral) with a distinctive design and colors.

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Fount of honour

The fount of honour (fons honorum) refers to a person, who, by virtue of his or her official position, has the exclusive right of conferring legitimate titles of nobility and orders of chivalry on other persons.

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Frederick Banting

Sir Frederick Grant Banting (November 14, 1891 – February 21, 1941) was a Canadian medical scientist, physician, painter, and Nobel laureate noted as the co-discoverer of insulin and its therapeutic potential.

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General Campaign Star

The General Campaign Star (Étoile de campagne générale) is a campaign medal created in 2004 by the Canadian monarch-in-Council to recognize members of the Canadian Armed Forces who had directly participated in any military campaign under Canadian or allied command.

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General Service Medal (Canada)

The General Service Medal (GSM) (Médaille du service général) is a service medal of Canada established by Her Majesty The Queen in March 2004 and presented for the first time on 29 November 2004.

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George Cross

The George Cross (GC) is the second highest award of the United Kingdom honours system.

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George Stephen, 1st Baron Mount Stephen

George Stephen, 1st Baron Mount Stephen, GCVO (5 June 1829 – 29 November 1921), known as Sir George Stephen, Bt, between 1886 and 1891, was a prominent Canadian businessman.

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George V

George V (George Frederick Ernest Albert; 3 June 1865 – 20 January 1936) was King of the United Kingdom and the British Dominions, and Emperor of India, from 6 May 1910 until his death in 1936.

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George VI

George VI (Albert Frederick Arthur George; 14 December 1895 – 6 February 1952) was King of the United Kingdom and the Dominions of the British Commonwealth from 11 December 1936 until his death in 1952.

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George Windsor, Earl of St Andrews

George Philip Nicholas Windsor, Earl of St Andrews (born 26 June 1962) is the elder son of Prince Edward, Duke of Kent and his wife Katharine, Duchess of Kent.

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Gilbert Elliot-Murray-Kynynmound, 4th Earl of Minto

Gilbert John Elliot-Murray-Kynynmound, 4th Earl of Minto (9 July 18451 March 1914) was a British aristocrat and politician who served as Governor General of Canada, the eighth since Canadian Confederation, and as Viceroy and Governor-General of India, the country's 17th.

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Golden Jubilee of Elizabeth II

The Golden Jubilee of Queen Elizabeth II was the international celebration held in 2002 marking the 50th anniversary of the accession of Queen Elizabeth II to the thrones of seven countries, upon the death of her father, King George VI, on 6 February 1952, and was intended by the Queen to be both a commemoration of her 50 years as monarch and an opportunity for her to officially and personally thank her people for their loyalty.

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Governor General of Canada

The Governor General of Canada (Gouverneure générale du Canada) is the federal viceregal representative of the.

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Governor of New France

The Governor of New France was the viceroy of the King of France in North America.

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Gulf and Kuwait Medal

The Gulf and Kuwait Medal (Médaille du Golfe et du Koweït, or Médaille du Golfe et du Kuwait) was a campaign medal created in 1990 by the Canadian monarch-in-Council to recognize members of the Canadian Forces who had directly participated in the Gulf War, either in the hostilities themselves or during the troop build-up prior to the invasion of Iraq.

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Gulf War

The Gulf War (2 August 199028 February 1991), codenamed Operation Desert Shield (2 August 199017 January 1991) for operations leading to the buildup of troops and defense of Saudi Arabia and Operation Desert Storm (17 January 199128 February 1991) in its combat phase, was a war waged by coalition forces from 35 nations led by the United States against Iraq in response to Iraq's invasion and annexation of Kuwait.

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Heraldic badge

A heraldic badge, emblem, impresa, device, or personal device worn as a badge indicates allegiance to, or the property of, an individual or family.

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Hereditary peer

The Hereditary peers form part of the peerage in the United Kingdom.

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Historica Canada

Historica Canada is the country's largest organization dedicated to enhancing awareness of Canadian history and citizenship.

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Hopewell Hill, New Brunswick

Hopewell Hill is a Canadian rural community in Albert County, New Brunswick.

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House of Commons of Canada

The House of Commons of Canada (Chambre des communes du Canada) is a component of the Parliament of Canada, along with the Sovereign (represented by the Governor General) and the Senate.

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House of Lords

The House of Lords of the United Kingdom, also known as the House of Peers, is the upper house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.

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Hugh Graham, 1st Baron Atholstan

Hugh Graham, 1st Baron Atholstan (July 18, 1848 – January 28, 1938) was a Canadian newspaper publisher.

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Huntingdon, Quebec

Huntingdon is a small town in Huntingdon County in the Haut-Saint-Laurent Regional County Municipality and the Montérégie region of the province of Quebec, Canada.

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Imperial Service Order

The Imperial Service Order was established by King Edward VII in August 1902.

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Jean Chrétien

Joseph Jacques Jean Chrétien (born January 11, 1934), known commonly as Jean Chrétien, is a Canadian politician who served as the 20th Prime Minister of Canada from November 4, 1993, to December 12, 2003.

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Jerusalem

Jerusalem (יְרוּשָׁלַיִם; القُدس) is a city in the Middle East, located on a plateau in the Judaean Mountains between the Mediterranean and the Dead Sea.

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John de Chastelain

Alfred John Gardyne Drummond de Chastelain (born July 30, 1937) is a retired Romanian-born British-Canadian soldier and diplomat.

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Karen Spencer, Countess Spencer

Karen Spencer, Countess Spencer (née Villeneuve; born 1972) is a Canadian social entrepreneur.

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King Edward VII Coronation Medal

The King Edward VII Coronation Medal was a commemorative medal issued in 1902 to celebrate the coronation of King Edward VII and Queen Alexandra.

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King George V Coronation Medal

The King George V Coronation Medal was a commemorative medal instituted in 1911 to celebrate the coronation of King George V, that took place on 22 June 1911.

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King George V Silver Jubilee Medal

The King George V Silver Jubilee Medal is a commemorative medal, instituted to celebrate the 25th anniversary of the accession of King George V.

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King George VI Coronation Medal

The King George VI Coronation Medal was a commemorative medal, instituted to celebrate the coronation of King George VI and Queen Elizabeth.

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Knight

A knight is a person granted an honorary title of knighthood by a monarch, bishop or other political leader for service to the monarch or a Christian Church, especially in a military capacity.

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Knights Hospitaller

The Order of Knights of the Hospital of Saint John of Jerusalem (Ordo Fratrum Hospitalis Sancti Ioannis Hierosolymitani), also known as the Order of Saint John, Order of Hospitallers, Knights Hospitaller, Knights Hospitalier or Hospitallers, was a medieval Catholic military order.

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Korea Medal

The Korea Medal (Médaille de Corée), sometimes referred to as the Queen's Korea Medal to distinguish it from the United Nations Service Medal, is a campaign medal created in 1951 to recognize troops from Australia, Canada, New Zealand, and the United Kingdom who had given either one day's service in an air sortie over Korea, or 28 days service offshore, during the Korean War.

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Korean War

The Korean War (in South Korean, "Korean War"; in North Korean, "Fatherland: Liberation War"; 25 June 1950 – 27 July 1953) was a war between North Korea (with the support of China and the Soviet Union) and South Korea (with the principal support of the United States).

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Latin

Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.

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Law enforcement in Canada

Law enforcement in Canada are public-sector police forces that are associated with and commissioned to the three levels of government: municipal (both lower and upper-tier), provincial, and federal.

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Lester B. Pearson

Lester Bowles "Mike" Pearson (23 April 1897 – 27 December 1972) was a Canadian scholar, statesman, soldier, prime minister, and diplomat, who won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1957 for organizing the United Nations Emergency Force to resolve the Suez Canal Crisis.

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Letters patent

Letters patent (always in the plural) are a type of legal instrument in the form of a published written order issued by a monarch, president, or other head of state, generally granting an office, right, monopoly, title, or status to a person or corporation.

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Letters Patent, 1947

The Letters Patent, 1947 (more formally, the Letters Patent Constituting the Office of Governor General and Commander-in-Chief of Canada) are a legal instrument introduced by King George VI, which came into effect on 1 October 1947 and continue to, along with parts of the Constitution Act, 1867, constitute the Office of the Governor General.

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Lieutenant governor (Canada)

In Canada, a lieutenant governor (French: lieutenant-gouverneur, or: lieutenant-gouverneure) is the viceregal representative in a provincial jurisdiction of the.

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Life peer

In the United Kingdom, life peers are appointed members of the peerage whose titles cannot be inherited, in contrast to hereditary peers.

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List of awards presented by the Governor General of Canada

Below is a list of awards presented by the Governor General of Canada on behalf of the Canadian monarch.

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List of Canadian awards

This is a list of all known awards in Canada, conferred by either members of the Canadian Royal Family, viceroys, governments, or private organizations.

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List of extant baronetcies

Baronets are a rank in the British aristocracy.

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List of post-nominal letters in Canada

This is a list of post-nominal letters used in Canada.

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Literature

Literature, most generically, is any body of written works.

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Longueuil

Longueuil is a city in the province of Quebec, Canada.

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Louis XIV of France

Louis XIV (Louis Dieudonné; 5 September 16381 September 1715), known as Louis the Great (Louis le Grand) or the Sun King (Roi Soleil), was a monarch of the House of Bourbon who reigned as King of France from 1643 until his death in 1715.

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Louis-Hector de Callière

Louis-Hector de Callière or Callières (12 November 1648 – 26 May 1703) was a French politician, who was the governor of Montreal (1684–1699), and the 13th governor of New France from 1698 to 1703.

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Maxwell Aitken, 3rd Baron Beaverbrook

Maxwell William Humphrey Aitken, 3rd Baron Beaverbrook, (born 29 December 1951) is a British peer and politician.

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Medal of Bravery (Canada)

The Medal of Bravery (Médaille de la Bravoure) is a decoration that is, within the Canadian system of honours, the third highest award for bravery, and one of the three Canadian Bravery Decorations gifted by the Canadian monarch, generally through his or her viceroy-in-Council.

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Medal of Military Valour

The Medal of Military Valour (Médaille de la vaillance militaire) is a decoration that is, within the Canadian system of honours, the third highest award for military valour, and one of three honours for military valour gifted by the Canadian monarch, generally through his or her viceroy-in-Council.

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Memorial Cross

The Memorial Cross (Croix du Souvenir), often known as the Silver Cross, is a Canadian medal awarded to the mother, widow, widower, or next of kin of any member of the Canadian Forces who loses his or her life in active service, including peacekeeping, and other such international operations.

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Meritorious Service Cross

The Meritorious Service Cross (Croix du service méritoire) is a decoration that is, within the Canadian system of honours, one of the two Meritorious Service Decorations gifted by the Canadian monarch, his or her Governor-in-Council.

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Meritorious Service Medal (Canada)

The Meritorious Service Medal (Médaille du service méritoire) is a decoration that is, within the Canadian system of honours, one of the two Meritorious Service Decorations gifted by the Canadian monarch, generally through his or her viceroy-in-Council.

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Michael Grant, 12th Baron de Longueuil

Michael Charles Grant, 12th Baron de Longueuil (born 1947) is a nobleman possessing the only French colonial title recognized by the Monarch of Canada, currently his second cousin once removed, Elizabeth II of Canada.

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Mickleham, Surrey

Mickleham is a village and civil parish between the towns of Dorking and Leatherhead in Surrey, England covering.

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Military

A military or armed force is a professional organization formally authorized by a sovereign state to use lethal or deadly force and weapons to support the interests of the state.

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Military awards and decorations

A military decoration is an award, usually a medal of some sort that consists of a ribbon and medallion given to an individual as a distinctively designed mark of honor denoting heroism, or meritorious or outstanding service or achievement.

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Military operation

A military operation is the coordinated military actions of a state, or a non-state actor, in response to a developing situation.

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Minister of the Crown

Minister of the Crown is a formal constitutional term used in Commonwealth realms to describe a minister to the reigning sovereign or their viceroy.

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Monarchy of Canada

The monarchy of Canada is at the core of both Canada's federal structure and Westminster-style of parliamentary and constitutional democracy.

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Montreal Star

The Montreal Star was an English-language Canadian newspaper published in Montreal, Quebec, Canada.

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Mother

A mother is the female parent of a child.

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Mount Royal

Mount Royal (Mont Royal) is a large volcanic-related hill or small mountain in the city of Montreal, immediately west of Downtown Montreal, Quebec, Canada.

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Mount Stephen

Mount Stephen,, is a mountain located in the Kicking Horse River Valley of Yoho National Park, ½ km east of Field, British Columbia, Canada.

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NATO

The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO; Organisation du Traité de l'Atlantique Nord; OTAN), also called the North Atlantic Alliance, is an intergovernmental military alliance between 29 North American and European countries.

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New Brunswick

New Brunswick (Nouveau-Brunswick; Canadian French pronunciation) is one of three Maritime provinces on the east coast of Canada.

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New France

New France (Nouvelle-France) was the area colonized by France in North America during a period beginning with the exploration of the Gulf of Saint Lawrence by Jacques Cartier in 1534 and ending with the cession of New France to Great Britain and Spain in 1763.

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New Zealand

New Zealand (Aotearoa) is a sovereign island country in the southwestern Pacific Ocean.

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Next of kin

A person's next of kin (NOK) is that person's closest living blood relative or relatives.

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Ontario

Ontario is one of the 13 provinces and territories of Canada and is located in east-central Canada.

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Operational Service Medal (Canada)

The Operational Service Medal (Médaille du service opérationnel) is a campaign medal created in 2010 by the Canadian monarch-in-Council to recognize members of the Canadian Forces, allied forces, Canadian police officers, or Canadian civilians working for the Canadian Forces who had directly participated in any military campaign under Canadian or allied command.

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Order (distinction)

An order is a visible honour awarded by a sovereign state, monarch, dynastic royal house or organisation to a recipient, typically in recognition of individual merit, that often comes with distinctive insignia such as collars, medals, badges, and sashes worn by recipients.

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Order in Council

An Order in Council is a type of legislation in many countries, especially the Commonwealth realms.

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Order of Canada

The Order of Canada (Ordre du Canada) is a Canadian national order and the second highest honour for merit in the system of orders, decorations, and medals of Canada.

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Order of Good Cheer

The Order of Good Cheer (French: L'Ordre de Bon Temps) was originally a French Colonial order founded by suggestion of Samuel de Champlain upon arrival in New France, present day Canada.

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Order of Merit

The Order of Merit (Ordre du Mérite) is an order of merit recognising distinguished service in the armed forces, science, art, literature, or for the promotion of culture.

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Order of New Zealand

The Order of New Zealand is the highest honour in New Zealand's honours system, created "to recognise outstanding service to the Crown and people of New Zealand in a civil or military capacity".

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Order of Saint Louis

The Royal and Military Order of Saint Louis (Ordre Royal et Militaire de Saint-Louis) is a dynastic order of chivalry founded 5 April 1693 by King Louis XIV, named after Saint Louis (King Louis IX of France).

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Order of St Michael and St George

The Most Distinguished Order of Saint Michael and Saint George is a British order of chivalry founded on 28 April 1818 by George, Prince Regent, later King George IV, while he was acting as regent for his father, King George III.

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Order of the Bath

The Most Honourable Order of the Bath (formerly the Most Honourable Military Order of the Bath) is a British order of chivalry founded by George I on 18 May 1725.

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Order of the British Empire

The Most Excellent Order of the British Empire is a British order of chivalry, rewarding contributions to the arts and sciences, work with charitable and welfare organisations, and public service outside the Civil service.

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Order of the Companions of Honour

The Order of the Companions of Honour is an order of the Commonwealth realms.

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Orders and decorations of the Commonwealth realms

This article concerns the orders and decorations of the Commonwealth realms awarded by the sovereign in right of each nation.

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Orders, decorations, and medals of the Canadian provinces

The orders, decorations, and medals of the Canadian provinces, in which each province of Canada has devised a system of orders and awards to honour residents for actions or deeds that benefit their local community or province, are in turn subsumed within the Canadian honours system.

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Orders, decorations, and medals of the United Kingdom

The British honours system is a means of rewarding individuals' personal bravery, achievement, or service to the United Kingdom and the British Overseas Territories.

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Ottawa

Ottawa is the capital city of Canada.

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Peace Officer Exemplary Service Medal

The Peace Officer Exemplary Service Medal (La Médaille pour services distingués des agents de la paix) is a Canadian service medal for peace officers.

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Peerage

A peerage is a legal system historically comprising hereditary titles in various countries, comprising various noble ranks.

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Pierre Trudeau

Joseph Philippe Pierre Yves Elliott Trudeau (October 18, 1919 – September 28, 2000), often referred to by the initials PET, was a Canadian statesman who served as the 15th Prime Minister of Canada (1968–1979 and 1980–1984).

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Polar Medal (Canada)

The Polar Medal (Médaille polaire) is a Canadian decoration intended to honour explorers of Canada's polar regions and defenders of the country's sovereignty in the north.

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Police

A police force is a constituted body of persons empowered by a state to enforce the law, to protect people and property, and to prevent crime and civil disorder.

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Police Exemplary Service Medal

The Police Exemplary Service Medal (Médaille de la police pour services distingués) is a Canadian service medal for police officers.

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Post-nominal letters

Post-nominal letters, also called post-nominal initials, post-nominal titles or designatory letters, are letters placed after a person's name to indicate that that individual holds a position, academic degree, accreditation, office, military decoration, or honour, or is a member of a religious institute or fraternity.

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Prime Minister of Canada

The Prime Minister of Canada (Premier ministre du Canada) is the primary minister of the Crown, chairman of the Cabinet, and thus Canada's head of government, charged with advising the Canadian monarch or Governor General of Canada on the exercise of the executive powers vested in them by the constitution.

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Prime Minister of the United Kingdom

The Prime Minister of the United Kingdom is the head of the United Kingdom government.

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Prince Edward, Duke of Kent

Prince Edward, Duke of Kent, (Edward George Nicholas Paul Patrick; born 9 October 1935) is a member of the British royal family.

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Provinces and territories of Canada

The provinces and territories of Canada are the sub-national governments within the geographical areas of Canada under the authority of the Canadian Constitution.

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Public Service of Canada

The Public Service of Canada (known as the Civil Service of Canada prior to 1967) is the civil service of the Government of Canada.

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Quebec

Quebec (Québec)According to the Canadian government, Québec (with the acute accent) is the official name in French and Quebec (without the accent) is the province's official name in English; the name is.

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Queen Elizabeth II Coronation Medal

The Queen Elizabeth II Coronation Medal is a commemorative medal which was instituted to celebrate the coronation of Queen Elizabeth II on 2 June 1953.

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Queen Elizabeth II Diamond Jubilee Medal

The Queen Elizabeth II Diamond Jubilee Medal or The Queen's Diamond Jubilee Medal is a commemorative medal created in 2012 to mark the sixtieth anniversary of Elizabeth II's accession to the thrones of the Commonwealth realms.

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Queen Elizabeth II Golden Jubilee Medal

The Queen Elizabeth II Golden Jubilee Medal (Médaille du jubilé de la Reine Elizabeth II) or the Queen's Golden Jubilee Medal was a commemorative medal created in 2002 to mark the fiftieth anniversary of Elizabeth II's accession.

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Queen Elizabeth II Silver Jubilee Medal

The Queen Elizabeth II Silver Jubilee Medal (Médaille du jubilé de la reine Élisabeth II) was a commemorative medal created in 1977 to mark the twenty-fifth anniversary of Elizabeth II's accession in the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, and New Zealand.

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Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother

Elizabeth Angela Marguerite Bowes-Lyon (4 August 1900 – 30 March 2002) was the wife of King George VI and the mother of Queen Elizabeth II and Princess Margaret, Countess of Snowdon.

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Queen Victoria

Victoria (Alexandrina Victoria; 24 May 1819 – 22 January 1901) was Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 20 June 1837 until her death.

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Queen Victoria Diamond Jubilee Medal

The Diamond Jubilee Medal was instituted in 1897 by Royal Warrant as a British decoration.

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Queen Victoria Golden Jubilee Medal

The Golden Jubilee Medal was instituted in 1887 by Royal Warrant as a British decoration to be awarded to participants of Queen Victoria's golden jubilee celebrations.

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Queen's Medal for Champion Shot

The Queen's Medal for Champion Shot (Médaille de la Reine pour tireur d'élite) is a Canadian medal instituted on 28 August 1991 to honour one member each of the Canadian Armed Forces (CF) Regular Force and either the CF Reserve Force or the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) who obtained the highest aggregate score in stages one and two of the Queen's Medal Competition.

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Queen's Privy Council for Canada

The Queen's Privy Council for Canada (QPC) (Conseil privé de la Reine pour le Canada (CPR)), sometimes called Her Majesty's Privy Council for Canada or simply the Privy Council, is the full group of personal consultants to the monarch of Canada on state and constitutional affairs.

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R. B. Bennett

Richard Bedford Bennett, 1st Viscount Bennett, (3 July 1870 – 26 June 1947), was a Canadian politician who served as the 11th Prime Minister of Canada, in office from 1930 to 1935.

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Red River Rebellion

The Red River Resistance (or the Red River Rebellion, Red River uprising, or First Riel Rebellion) was the sequence of events that led up to the 1869 establishment of a provisional government by the Métis leader Louis Riel and his followers at the Red River Colony, in what is now the Canadian province of Manitoba.

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Rideau Hall

Rideau Hall (officially Government House) is, since 1867, the official residence in Ottawa of both the Canadian monarch and his or her representative, the Governor General of Canada.

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Robert Borden

Sir Robert Laird Borden, (June 26, 1854 – June 10, 1937) was a Canadian lawyer and politician who served as the eighth Prime Minister of Canada, in office from 1911 to 1920.

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Roméo LeBlanc

Roméo-Adrien LeBlanc (December 18, 1928June 24, 2009) was a Canadian journalist, politician, and statesman who served as Governor General of Canada, the 25th since Canadian Confederation.

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Royal Canadian Mounted Police

The Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP; Gendarmerie royale du Canada (GRC), "Royal Gendarmerie of Canada"; colloquially known as The Mounties, and internally as "the Force") is the federal and national police force of Canada.

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Royal Canadian Mounted Police Long Service Medal

The Royal Canadian Mounted Police Long Service Medal was established by royal warrant on 6 March 1934 by King George V. It is the oldest continually awarded honour within the Canadian honours system, and the first created specifically for Canadian service within Canada.

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Royal prerogative

The royal prerogative is a body of customary authority, privilege, and immunity, recognized in common law and, sometimes, in civil law jurisdictions possessing a monarchy, as belonging to the sovereign and which have become widely vested in the government.

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Royal Victorian Chain

The Royal Victorian Chain is a decoration instituted in 1902 by King Edward VII as a personal award of the monarch (i.e. not an award made on the advice of any Commonwealth realm government).

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Royal Victorian Medal

The Royal Victorian Medal (RVM) is a decoration established by Queen Victoria in April 1896.

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Royal Victorian Order

The Royal Victorian Order (Ordre royal de Victoria) is a dynastic order of knighthood established in 1896 by Queen Victoria.

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Sacrifice Medal

The Sacrifice Medal (Médaille du sacrifice) is a decoration that was created in 2008 as a replacement for the Wound Stripe.

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Sam Hughes

Sir Samuel Hughes, (January 8, 1853 – August 23, 1921) was the Canadian Minister of Militia and Defence during World War I. He was notable for being the last Liberal-Conservative cabinet minister, until he was dismissed from his cabinet post.

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Samuel de Champlain

Samuel de Champlain (born Samuel Champlain; on or before August 13, 1574Fichier OrigineFor a detailed analysis of his baptismal record, see RitchThe baptism act does not contain information about the age of Samuel, neither his birth date or his place of birth. – December 25, 1635), known as "The Father of New France", was a French navigator, cartographer, draftsman, soldier, explorer, geographer, ethnologist, diplomat, and chronicler.

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Science

R. P. Feynman, The Feynman Lectures on Physics, Vol.1, Chaps.1,2,&3.

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Secretary of State for the Colonies

The Secretary of State for the Colonies or Colonial Secretary was the British Cabinet minister in charge of managing the United Kingdom's various colonial dependencies.

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Secretary to the Governor General of Canada

The Secretary to the Governor General is the administrative head of the Office of the Secretary to the Governor General of Canada and is based at Rideau Hall, Ottawa.

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Shaughnessy, Vancouver

Shaughnessy is an almost entirely residential neighbourhood in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, spanning about 447 hectares in a relatively central locale.

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Silver Cross Mother

A Silver Cross Mother is chosen each year by the Royal Canadian Legion to lay a wreath during the Remembrance Day ceremony at the National War Memorial in Ottawa on behalf of all mothers who have lost children in the service of their country.

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Silver Jubilee of Queen Elizabeth II

The Silver Jubilee of Queen Elizabeth II marked the 25th anniversary of Queen Elizabeth II's accession to the thrones of the United Kingdom and other Commonwealth realms.

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Somali Civil War

The Somali Civil War (Dagaalkii Sokeeye ee Soomaaliya, الحرب الأهلية الصومالية) is an ongoing civil war taking place in Somalia.

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Somalia Medal

The Somalia Medal (Médaille de la Somalie) was a campaign medal created in 1992 by the Canadian monarch-in-Council to recognize members of the Canadian Forces who had directly participated in the United Nations effort to stabilize Somalia following the outbreak of its civil war.

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South-West Asia Service Medal

The South-West Asia Service Medal (Médaille du service en Asie du Sud-Ouest) is a campaign medal created in 2002 by the Canadian monarch-in-Council to recognize members of the Canadian Forces who had directly participated in efforts to combat terrorism in Southwest Asia following the Al-Qaeda attacks on the United States in 2001.

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Sovereign Military Order of Malta

The Sovereign Military Hospitaller Order of Saint John of Jerusalem, of Rhodes and of Malta (Supremus Ordo Militaris Hospitalis Sancti Ioannis Hierosolymitani Rhodius et Melitensis), also known as the Sovereign Military Order of Malta (SMOM) or the Order of Malta, is a Catholic lay religious order traditionally of military, chivalrous and noble nature.

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Sovereign's Medal for Volunteers

The Sovereign's Medal for Volunteers (Médaille du souverain pour les bénévoles) is a Canadian decoration intended to honour volunteers who have made a significant and continual contribution to their community, either in Canada or abroad.

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Special Service Medal (Canada)

The Special Service Medal (Médaille du service spécial) is a service medal awarded to members of the Canadian Forces.

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St John Ambulance

St John Ambulance is a trade name used by a number of affiliated organisations in different countries, counties, states or provinces dedicated to the teaching and practice of medical first aid and the provision of ambulance and community volunteer services, all of which derive their origins from the St John Ambulance Association founded in 1877 in the United Kingdom.

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Star of Courage (Canada)

The Star of Courage (Étoile du Courage) is a decoration that is the second highest award for bravery within the Canadian system of honours, and one of the three Canadian Bravery Decorations gifted by the Canadian monarch, generally through his or her viceroy-in-Council.

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Star of Military Valour

The Star of Military Valour (Étoile de la vaillance militaire) is a decoration that is, within the Canadian system of honours, the second highest award for military valour, and one of three honours for military valour gifted by the Canadian monarch, generally through his or her viceroy-in-Council.

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Strathcona County

Strathcona County is a specialized municipality in central Alberta, Canada between Edmonton and Elk Island National Park.

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Supporter

In heraldry, supporters, sometimes referred to as attendants, are figures or objects usually placed on either side of the shield and depicted holding it up.

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Sylvana Tomaselli

Sylvana Palma Windsor, Countess of St Andrews (née Tomaselli, previously Jones; 28 May 1957) is an academic and the wife of the Earl of St Andrews, elder son and heir of Prince Edward, Duke of Kent.

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Ted Leather

Sir Edwin Hartley Cameron Leather (22 May 1919 – 5 April 2005), usually known as Ted Leather, was a Conservative politician in the United Kingdom, and Governor of Bermuda.

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Terry Matthews

Sir Terence Hedley Matthews, (born 6 June 1943), is a Welsh-Canadian business magnate, serial high-tech entrepreneur, and Wales' first billionaire.

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The Canadian Encyclopedia

The Canadian Encyclopedia (abbreviated as TCE) is a source of information on Canada published by Historica Canada of Toronto.

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Thomas Shaughnessy, 1st Baron Shaughnessy

Thomas George Shaughnessy, 1st Baron Shaughnessy, KCVO (6 October 1853 – 10 December 1923) was an American-born Canadian railway administrator who rose from modest beginnings as a clerk and bookkeeper for the Milwaukee and St.

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United Kingdom

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.

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United Nations Medal

A United Nations Medal is an international decoration awarded by the United Nations (UN) to the various world countries militaries for participation in joint international military and police operations such as peacekeeping, humanitarian efforts, and disaster relief.

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Veterans Affairs Canada

Veterans Affairs Canada (VAC) is the department within the Government of Canada with responsibility for pensions, benefits and services for war veterans, retired and still-serving members of the Canadian Armed Forces and Royal Canadian Mounted Police, their families, as well as some civilians.

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Viceregal consort of Canada

The viceregal consort of Canada is the spouse of the serving governor general of Canada, assisting the viceroy with ceremonial and charitable work, accompanying him or her to official state occasions, and occasionally undertaking philanthropic work of their own.

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Victor Cavendish, 9th Duke of Devonshire

Victor Christian William Cavendish, 9th Duke of Devonshire (31 May 18686 May 1938), known as Victor Cavendish until 1908, was a British politician who served as Governor General of Canada, the 11th since Canadian Confederation.

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Victoria Cross

The Victoria Cross (VC) is the highest award of the British honours system.

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Victoria Cross (Canada)

The Victoria Cross (VC) is the highest award of the United Kingdom honours system.

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Vincent Massey

Charles Vincent Massey (February 20, 1887December 30, 1967) was a Canadian lawyer and diplomat who served as the first Canadian-born Governor General of Canada, the 18th since Canadian Confederation.

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Westminster

Westminster is an area of central London within the City of Westminster, part of the West End, on the north bank of the River Thames.

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Widow

A widow is a woman whose spouse has died and a widower is a man whose spouse has died.

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Wilder Penfield

Wilder Graves Penfield (January 26, 1891April 5, 1976) was an American-Canadian neurosurgeon.

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Wilfrid Laurier

Sir Henri Charles Wilfrid Laurier (20 November 1841 – 17 February 1919), known as Wilfrid Laurier, was the seventh Prime Minister of Canada, in office from 11 July 1896 to 6 October 1911.

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William Lyon Mackenzie King

William Lyon Mackenzie King (December 17, 1874 – July 22, 1950), also commonly known as Mackenzie King, was the dominant Canadian political leader from the 1920s through the 1940s.

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World War II

World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.

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Wound stripe

A wound stripe is a distinction of dress bestowed on soldiers wounded in combat.

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125th Anniversary of the Confederation of Canada Medal

The 125th Anniversary of the Confederation of Canada Medal (Médaille commémorative du 125e anniversaire de la Confédération du Canada) is a commemorative medal struck by the Royal Canadian Mint to commemorate the 125th anniversary of the Confederation of Canada and was awarded to Canadians who were deemed to have made a significant contribution to their fellow citizens, to their community, or to Canada.

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Redirects here:

Canadian Honour System, Canadian Honours System, Canadian honours, Canadian honours system, Canadian provincial and territorial orders, Honour of Canada, Honours of Canada.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Orders,_decorations,_and_medals_of_Canada

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