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Ordnance Survey

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Ordnance Survey (OS) is a national mapping agency in the United Kingdom which covers the island of Great Britain. [1]

163 relations: Admiralty chart, Aerial photography, Alastair Macdonald, Alexander Ross Clarke, Ammunition, Android (operating system), Antwerp, Battle of Culloden, BBC Four, Benchmark (surveying), Black Mountains, Wales, Board of Ordnance, Brian Friel, British Geological Survey, British Library, Brussels, Carluke, Cartography, Changes in British sovereignty, Charles Close, Chief executive officer, Christmas pudding, Circa, Computer to plate, Contour line, Copyright, Creative Commons license, Crown copyright, Data set, Digimap, Digital elevation model, Digital mapping, Digitization, Directors of the Ordnance Survey, Domesday Book, EDINA, Enlarger, Essex, Executive agency, Facsimile, Geodesy, Geodetic datum, Geographers' A-Z Map Company, Geographic information system, Geography Markup Language, Geography of Belgium, Geography of France, Geography of Italy, Geography of South Africa, Geoinformatics, ..., George Biddell Airy, George II of Great Britain, German Army (Wehrmacht), Global Positioning System, Gough Map, Granta, Great Trigonometrical Survey, Greg Clark, Grid reference, Hamstreet, Heathrow Airport, Henry De la Beche, Henry James (British Army officer), Historic counties of England, HM Land Registry, Hounslow Heath, Hydrographic survey, Hydrography, Inch, International Map of the World, Invasion of Normandy, IOS, Irish grid reference system, Isle of Man, J. C. C. Davidson, Jacobite rising of 1745, Jacobitism, Kent, Lake District, Lamination, Land registration, Land use, Large goods vehicle, Levelling, Limited company, Linked data, Malcolm MacLeod (British Army officer), Map, Map projection, Martin Hotine, Matt Hancock, Maybush, Mile, Ministry of Defence (United Kingdom), Ministry of Housing, Communities and Local Government, Ministry of Works (United Kingdom), Napoleonic Wars, National library, National Library of Scotland, National mapping agency, Nigel Clifford, North Downs, Northern Ireland, O. G. S. Crawford, Office of Works, Open data in the United Kingdom, Open Government Licence, Ordnance datum, Ordnance Survey buildings, Ordnance Survey Great Britain County Series, Ordnance Survey International, Ordnance Survey Ireland, Ordnance Survey National Grid, Ordnance Survey of Northern Ireland, Orthophoto, OS MasterMap, Paul Sandby, Photozincography, Polygon mesh, Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, Prince William, Duke of Cumberland, Principal Triangulation of Great Britain, Print on demand, PrintWeek, Public Data Group, Ramsden surveying instruments, Raster graphics, Republic of Ireland, Retriangulation of Great Britain, Roger Chorley, 2nd Baron Chorley, Romer, Royal Engineers, Royal Mail, Satellite navigation, Sca Fell, Scafell Pike, Scotland, Scottish Highlands, Simon Fraser, 11th Lord Lovat, South Lanarkshire, Southampton, Southampton Blitz, SPARQL, State-owned enterprise, Surveying, The History Press, Thomas Frederick Colby, Tithe Commutation Act 1836, TOID, Tower of London, Trading fund, Translations, Triangulation, Triangulation station, United Kingdom Hydrographic Office, Vanessa Lawrence, Vector graphics, Wales, War Office, Wards and electoral divisions of the United Kingdom, William Mudge, William Roy, William Yolland. Expand index (113 more) »

Admiralty chart

Admiralty charts are nautical charts issued by the United Kingdom Hydrographic Office (UKHO) and subject to Crown Copyright.

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Aerial photography

Aerial photography (or airborne imagery) is the taking of photographs from an aircraft or other flying object.

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Alastair Macdonald

Alastair Macdonald MBE is a retired land surveyor and author.

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Alexander Ross Clarke

Col Alexander Ross Clarke FRS FRSE (1828–1914) was a British geodesist, primarily remembered for his calculation of the Principal Triangulation of Britain (1858), the calculation of the Figure of the Earth (1858, 1860, 1866, 1880) and one of the most important text books of Geodesy (1880).

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Ammunition

Ammunition (informally ammo) is the material fired, scattered, dropped or detonated from any weapon.

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Android (operating system)

Android is a mobile operating system developed by Google, based on a modified version of the Linux kernel and other open source software and designed primarily for touchscreen mobile devices such as smartphones and tablets.

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Antwerp

Antwerp (Antwerpen, Anvers) is a city in Belgium, and is the capital of Antwerp province in Flanders.

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Battle of Culloden

The Battle of Culloden (Blàr Chùil Lodair) was the final confrontation of the Jacobite rising of 1745.

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BBC Four

BBC Four is a British television channel operated by the British Broadcasting Corporation and available to digital television viewers on Freeview, IPTV, satellite, and cable.

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Benchmark (surveying)

The term benchmark, or bench mark, originates from the chiseled horizontal marks that surveyors made in stone structures, into which an angle-iron could be placed to form a "bench" for a leveling rod, thus ensuring that a leveling rod could be accurately repositioned in the same place in the future.

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Black Mountains, Wales

The Black Mountains (Y Mynyddoedd Duon) are a group of hills spread across parts of Powys and Monmouthshire in southeast Wales, and extending across the England–Wales border into Herefordshire.

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Board of Ordnance

The Board of Ordnance was a British government body.

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Brian Friel

Brian Patrick Friel (9 January 1929 – 2 October 2015), born in Omagh, Northern Ireland, was a dramatist, short story writer and founder of the Field Day Theatre Company.

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British Geological Survey

The British Geological Survey (BGS) is a partly publicly-funded body which aims to advance geoscientific knowledge of the United Kingdom landmass and its continental shelf by means of systematic surveying, monitoring and research.

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British Library

The British Library is the national library of the United Kingdom and the largest national library in the world by number of items catalogued.

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Brussels

Brussels (Bruxelles,; Brussel), officially the Brussels-Capital Region (All text and all but one graphic show the English name as Brussels-Capital Region.) (Région de Bruxelles-Capitale, Brussels Hoofdstedelijk Gewest), is a region of Belgium comprising 19 municipalities, including the City of Brussels, which is the de jure capital of Belgium.

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Carluke

The town of Carluke (Cathair MoLuaig) lies in the heart of the Lanarkshire countryside in South Lanarkshire, Scotland, northwest of Lanark and southeast of Wishaw.

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Cartography

Cartography (from Greek χάρτης chartēs, "papyrus, sheet of paper, map"; and γράφειν graphein, "write") is the study and practice of making maps.

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Changes in British sovereignty

A list of former British colonies, dependencies and dates when they severed legal ties with Britain.

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Charles Close

Colonel Sir Charles Frederick Arden-Close, (10 August 1865 – 19 December 1952) was a British geographer and surveyor.

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Chief executive officer

Chief executive officer (CEO) is the position of the most senior corporate officer, executive, administrator, or other leader in charge of managing an organization especially an independent legal entity such as a company or nonprofit institution.

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Christmas pudding

Christmas pudding is a type of pudding traditionally served as part of the Christmas dinner in the UK, Ireland and in other countries where it has been brought by British emigrants.

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Circa

Circa, usually abbreviated c., ca. or ca (also circ. or cca.), means "approximately" in several European languages (and as a loanword in English), usually in reference to a date.

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Computer to plate

Computer-to-plate (CTP) is an imaging technology used in modern printing processes.

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Contour line

A contour line (also isocline, isopleth, isarithm, or equipotential curve) of a function of two variables is a curve along which the function has a constant value, so that the curve joins points of equal value.

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Copyright

Copyright is a legal right, existing globally in many countries, that basically grants the creator of an original work exclusive rights to determine and decide whether, and under what conditions, this original work may be used by others.

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Creative Commons license

A Creative Commons (CC) license is one of several public copyright licenses that enable the free distribution of an otherwise copyrighted work.

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Crown copyright

Crown copyright is a form of copyright claim used by the governments of a number of Commonwealth realms.

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Data set

A data set (or dataset) is a collection of data.

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Digimap

Digimap is a web mapping and online data delivery service developed by the EDINA national data centre for UK academia.

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Digital elevation model

A digital elevation model (DEM) is a 3D CG representation of a terrain's surface – commonly of a planet (e.g. Earth), moon, or asteroid – created from a terrain's elevation data.

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Digital mapping

Digital mapping (also called digital cartography) is the process by which a collection of data is compiled and formatted into a virtual image.

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Digitization

Digitization, at WhatIs.com in Collins English Dictionary less commonly digitalization, is the process of converting information into a digital (i.e. computer-readable) format, in which the information is organized into bits.

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Directors of the Ordnance Survey

The following is a list of those in charge of the Ordnance Survey of Great Britain from its inauguration in 1791 to present.

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Domesday Book

Domesday Book (or; Latin: Liber de Wintonia "Book of Winchester") is a manuscript record of the "Great Survey" of much of England and parts of Wales completed in 1086 by order of King William the Conqueror.

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EDINA

EDINA is a centre for digital expertise, based at the University of Edinburgh as a division of Information Services.

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Enlarger

An enlarger is a specialized transparency projector used to produce photographic prints from film or glass negatives, or from transparencies.

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Essex

Essex is a county in the East of England.

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Executive agency

An executive agency is a part of a government department that is treated as managerially and budgetarily separate, to carry-out some part of the executive functions of the United Kingdom government, Scottish Government, Welsh Government or Northern Ireland Executive.

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Facsimile

A facsimile (from Latin fac simile (to 'make alike')) is a copy or reproduction of an old book, manuscript, map, art print, or other item of historical value that is as true to the original source as possible.

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Geodesy

Geodesy, also known as geodetics, is the earth science of accurately measuring and understanding three of Earth's fundamental properties: its geometric shape, orientation in space, and gravitational field.

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Geodetic datum

A geodetic datum or geodetic system is a coordinate system, and a set of reference points, used to locate places on the Earth (or similar objects).

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Geographers' A-Z Map Company

Geographers' A-Z Map Company Ltd. is the largest independent map publisher in the United Kingdom providing cartographic services, digital data products and paper mapping publications (including Street Atlases, Visitors Guides, Great Britain Road Atlases and The Adventure Atlas).

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Geographic information system

A geographic information system (GIS) is a system designed to capture, store, manipulate, analyze, manage, and present spatial or geographic data.

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Geography Markup Language

The Geography Markup Language (GML) is the XML grammar defined by the Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) to express geographical features.

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Geography of Belgium

Belgium is a federal state located in Western Europe, bordering the North Sea.

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Geography of France

* Metropolitan France: 551,695 km.

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Geography of Italy

Italy is located in southern Europe and comprises the long, boot-shaped Italian Peninsula, the southern side of Alps, the large plain of the Po Valley and some islands including Sicily and Sardinia.

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Geography of South Africa

South Africa occupies the southern tip of Africa, its coastline stretching more than from the desert border with Namibia on the Atlantic (western) coast southwards around the tip of Africa and then northeast to the border with Mozambique on the Indian Ocean.

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Geoinformatics

Geoinformatics is the science and the technology which develops and uses information science infrastructure to address the problems of geography, cartography, geosciences and related branches of science and engineering.

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George Biddell Airy

Sir George Biddell Airy (27 July 18012 January 1892) was an English mathematician and astronomer, Astronomer Royal from 1835 to 1881.

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George II of Great Britain

George II (George Augustus; Georg II.; 30 October / 9 November 1683 – 25 October 1760) was King of Great Britain and Ireland, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg (Hanover) and a prince-elector of the Holy Roman Empire from 11 June 1727 (O.S.) until his death in 1760.

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German Army (Wehrmacht)

The German Army (Heer) was the land forces component of the Wehrmacht, the regular German Armed Forces, from 1935 until it was demobilized and later dissolved in August 1946.

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Global Positioning System

The Global Positioning System (GPS), originally Navstar GPS, is a satellite-based radionavigation system owned by the United States government and operated by the United States Air Force.

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Gough Map

The Gough Map or Bodleian Map is a Late Medieval map of the island of Great Britain.

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Granta

Granta is a literary magazine and publisher in the United Kingdom whose mission centres on its "belief in the power and urgency of the story, both in fiction and non-fiction, and the story’s supreme ability to describe, illuminate and make real." In 2007, The Observer stated: "In its blend of memoirs and photojournalism, and in its championing of contemporary realist fiction, Granta has its face pressed firmly against the window, determined to witness the world.".

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Great Trigonometrical Survey

The Great Trigonometrical Survey was a project which aimed to measure the entire Indian subcontinent with scientific precision.

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Greg Clark

Gregory David Clark (born 28 August 1967) is a British Conservative Party politician who is the MP for Tunbridge Wells and Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy.

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Grid reference

Grid references define locations in maps using Cartesian coordinates.

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Hamstreet

Hamstreet is a village in Kent, in South East England.

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Heathrow Airport

Heathrow Airport (also known as London Heathrow) is a major international airport in London, United Kingdom.

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Henry De la Beche

Sir Henry Thomas De la Beche KCB, FRS (10 February 179613 April 1855) was an English geologist and palaeontologist, the first director of the Geological Survey of Great Britain, who helped pioneer early geological survey methods.

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Henry James (British Army officer)

Major-General Sir Henry James FRS MRIA (1803–1877) was a Royal Engineers officer who served as the director-general of the Ordnance Survey, the British Government mapping agency, from 1854 to 1875.

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Historic counties of England

The historic counties of England are areas that were established for administration by the Normans, in many cases based on earlier kingdoms and shires created by the Anglo-Saxons and others.

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HM Land Registry

Her Majesty's Land Registry is a non-ministerial department of the Government of the United Kingdom, created in 1862 to register the ownership of land and property in England and Wales.

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Hounslow Heath

Hounslow Heath is a local nature reserve in the London Borough of Hounslow.

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Hydrographic survey

Hydrographic survey is the science of measurement and description of features which affect maritime navigation, marine construction, dredging, offshore oil exploration/offshore oil drilling and related activities.

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Hydrography

Hydrography is the branch of applied sciences which deals with the measurement and description of the physical features of oceans, seas, coastal areas, lakes and rivers, as well as with the prediction of their change over time, for the primary purpose of safety of navigation and in support of all other marine activities, including economic development, security and defence, scientific research, and environmental protection.

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Inch

The inch (abbreviation: in or &Prime) is a unit of length in the (British) imperial and United States customary systems of measurement now formally equal to yard but usually understood as of a foot.

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International Map of the World

The International Map of the World (also called the Millionth Map, after its scale of 1:1000000) was a project begun in 1913 to create a complete map of the world according to internationally agreed standards.

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Invasion of Normandy

The Western Allies of World War II launched the largest amphibious invasion in history when they assaulted Normandy, located on the northern coast of France, on 6 June 1944.

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IOS

iOS (formerly iPhone OS) is a mobile operating system created and developed by Apple Inc. exclusively for its hardware.

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Irish grid reference system

The Irish grid reference system is a system of geographic grid references used for paper mapping in Ireland (both Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland).

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Isle of Man

The Isle of Man (Ellan Vannin), also known simply as Mann (Mannin), is a self-governing British Crown dependency in the Irish Sea between the islands of Great Britain and Ireland.

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J. C. C. Davidson

John Colin Campbell Davidson, 1st Viscount Davidson, (23 February 1889 – 11 December 1970), known before his elevation to the peerage as J. C. C. Davidson, was a British civil servant and Conservative Party politician, best known for his close alliance with Stanley Baldwin.

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Jacobite rising of 1745

The Jacobite rising of 1745 or 'The '45' (Bliadhna Theàrlaich, "The Year of Charles") is the name commonly used for the attempt by Charles Edward Stuart to regain the British throne for the House of Stuart.

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Jacobitism

Jacobitism (Seumasachas, Seacaibíteachas, Séamusachas) was a political movement in Great Britain and Ireland that aimed to restore the Roman Catholic Stuart King James II of England and Ireland (as James VII in Scotland) and his heirs to the thrones of England, Scotland, France and Ireland.

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Kent

Kent is a county in South East England and one of the home counties.

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Lake District

The Lake District, also known as the Lakes or Lakeland, is a mountainous region in North West England.

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Lamination

Lamination is the technique of manufacturing a material in multiple layers, so that the composite material achieves improved strength, stability, sound insulation, appearance or other properties from the use of differing materials.

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Land registration

Land registration generally describes systems by which matters concerning ownership, possession or other rights in land can be recorded (usually with a government agency or department) to provide evidence of title, facilitate transactions and to prevent unlawful disposal.

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Land use

Land use involves the management and modification of natural environment or wilderness into built environment such as settlements and semi-natural habitats such as arable fields, pastures, and managed woods.

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Large goods vehicle

A heavy goods vehicle (HGV), also large goods vehicle (LGV) or medium goods vehicle, is the European Union (EU) term for any truck with a gross combination mass (GCM) of over. Sub-category N2 is used for vehicles between and and N3 for all goods vehicles over as defined in Directive 2001/116/EC. The term medium goods vehicle is used within parts of the UK government to refer to goods vehicles of between 3.5 and 7.5 tonnes which according to the EU are also "large goods vehicles". Commercial carrier vehicles of up to are referred to as Light commercial vehicles and come into category N1. Confusingly though, parts of the UK government refer to these as "light goods vehicles" (also abbreviated "LGV"), with the term LGV" appearing on tax discs for these smaller vehicles. Tax discs use the term "HGV" for vehicles over 3.5 tonnes. HGVs must not exceed 40 tonnes laden weight or in length to cross boundaries in the EU, but longer and heavier vehicles (LHVs) known as Gigaliner, EuroCombi, EcoLiner, innovative commercial vehicle, mega-truck, etc., typically long and weighing up to 60 tonnes are used in some countries, and the implications of allowing them to cross borders was being considered.

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Levelling

Levelling (British English) or leveling (American English; see spelling differences) is a branch of surveying, the object of which is to.

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Limited company

In a limited company, the liability of members or subscribers of the company is limited to what they have invested or guaranteed to the company.

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Linked data

In computing, linked data (often capitalized as Linked Data) is a method of publishing structured data so that it can be interlinked and become more useful through semantic queries.

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Malcolm MacLeod (British Army officer)

Major-General Malcolm Neynoe MacLeod (23 May 1882–1 August 1969) was Director General of the Ordnance Survey from 1935 to 1943.

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Map

A map is a symbolic depiction emphasizing relationships between elements of some space, such as objects, regions, or themes.

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Map projection

A map projection is a systematic transformation of the latitudes and longitudes of locations from the surface of a sphere or an ellipsoid into locations on a plane.

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Martin Hotine

Brigadier Martin Hotine CMG CBE (17 June 1898 – 12 November 1968) was the head of the Trigonometrical and Levelling Division of the Ordnance Survey responsible for the 26-year-long retriangulation of Great Britain (1936–1962) and was the first Director General of the Directorate of Overseas Surveys (1946–1985).

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Matt Hancock

Matthew John David Hancock (born 2 October 1978) is a British politician of the Conservative Party.

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Maybush

Maybush is a district in the city of Southampton, England.

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Mile

The mile is an English unit of length of linear measure equal to 5,280 feet, or 1,760 yards, and standardised as exactly 1,609.344 metres by international agreement in 1959.

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Ministry of Defence (United Kingdom)

The Ministry of Defence (MoD or MOD) is the British government department responsible for implementing the defence policy set by Her Majesty's Government and is the headquarters of the British Armed Forces.

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Ministry of Housing, Communities and Local Government

The Ministry of Housing, Communities and Local Government (MHCLG) is the UK Government department for Housing, communities and local government in England.

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Ministry of Works (United Kingdom)

The Ministry of Works was a department of the UK Government formed in 1943, during World War II, to organise the requisitioning of property for wartime use.

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Napoleonic Wars

The Napoleonic Wars (1803–1815) were a series of major conflicts pitting the French Empire and its allies, led by Napoleon I, against a fluctuating array of European powers formed into various coalitions, financed and usually led by the United Kingdom.

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National library

A national library is a library specifically established by the government of a country to serve as the preeminent repository of information for that country.

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National Library of Scotland

The National Library of Scotland (Leabharlann Nàiseanta na h-Alba, Naitional Leebrar o Scotland) is the legal deposit library of Scotland and is one of the country's National Collections.

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National mapping agency

A national mapping agency is an organisation, usually publicly owned, that produces topographic maps and geographic information of a country.

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Nigel Clifford

Nigel Richard Clifford (born June 1959) is the chief executive of Ordnance Survey.

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North Downs

The North Downs are a ridge of chalk hills in south east England that stretch from Farnham in Surrey to the White Cliffs of Dover in Kent.

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Northern Ireland

Northern Ireland (Tuaisceart Éireann; Ulster-Scots: Norlin Airlann) is a part of the United Kingdom in the north-east of the island of Ireland, variously described as a country, province or region.

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O. G. S. Crawford

Osbert Guy Stanhope Crawford (28 October 1886 – 28 November 1957), better known as O. G. S. Crawford, was a British archaeologist who specialised in the study of prehistoric Britain and the archaeology of Sudan.

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Office of Works

The Office of Works was established in the English Royal household in 1378 to oversee the building of the royal castles and residences.

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Open data in the United Kingdom

There have been campaigns in the United Kingdom for its government to open up the large amounts of data it has for greater public usage without prohibitively large fees.

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Open Government Licence

The Open Government Licence is a copyright licence for Crown Copyright works published by the UK government.

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Ordnance datum

In the British Isles, an ordnance datum or OD is a vertical datum used by an ordnance survey as the basis for deriving altitudes on maps.

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Ordnance Survey buildings

The former offices of Ordnance Survey are situated in London Road, Southampton, close to the junction with The Avenue, and are now part of the city's court complex and are occupied by Government agencies.

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Ordnance Survey Great Britain County Series

Both the 6 inch and 25 inch scales showed the boundaries of.

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Ordnance Survey International

The Ordnance Survey International and its predecessors built an archive of air photography, map and survey records for the United Kingdom from 1946 to 1999.

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Ordnance Survey Ireland

Ordnance Survey Ireland (OSI; Suirbhéireacht Ordanáis Éireann) is the national mapping agency of Ireland.

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Ordnance Survey National Grid

The Ordnance Survey National Grid reference system is a system of geographic grid references used in Great Britain, distinct from latitude and longitude.

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Ordnance Survey of Northern Ireland

Ordnance Survey of Northern Ireland (OSNI) was the official mapping agency of Northern Ireland.

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Orthophoto

An orthophoto, orthophotograph or orthoimage is an aerial photograph or image geometrically corrected ("orthorectified") such that the scale is uniform: the photo has the same lack of distortion as a map.

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OS MasterMap

The OS MasterMap is the premier digital product of the Ordnance Survey.

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Paul Sandby

Paul Sandby (1731 – 9 November 1809) was an English map-maker turned landscape painter in watercolours, who, along with his older brother Thomas, became one of the founding members of the Royal Academy in 1768.

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Photozincography

Photozincography, sometimes referred to as heliozincography but essentially the same process, known commercially as zinco, is the photographic process developed by Sir Henry James FRS (1803–1877) in the mid-nineteenth century.

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Polygon mesh

A polygon mesh is a collection of, s and s that defines the shape of a polyhedral object in 3D computer graphics and solid modeling.

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Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh

Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh (born Prince Philip of Greece and Denmark, 10 June 1921) is the husband and consort of Queen Elizabeth II.

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Prince William, Duke of Cumberland

Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland, (26 April 1721 – 31 October 1765), was the third and youngest son of King George II of Great Britain and Ireland and his wife, Caroline of Ansbach.

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Principal Triangulation of Great Britain

The Principal Triangulation of Britain was the first high-precision trigonometric survey of the whole of Great Britain (including Ireland), carried out between 1791 and 1853 under the auspices of the Board of Ordnance.

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Print on demand

Print-on-demand (POD) is a printing technology and business process in which book copies (or other documents) are not printed until the company receives an order, allowing prints of singular or small quantities.

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PrintWeek

PrintWeek is a UK print-related magazine and website.

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Public Data Group

The Public Data Group (PDG) was a grouping of data providing organisations owned by the UK government.

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Ramsden surveying instruments

The Ramsden surveying instruments are those constructed by Jesse Ramsden and used in high precision geodetic surveys carried out in the period 1784 to 1853.

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Raster graphics

In computer graphics, a raster graphics or bitmap image is a dot matrix data structure that represents a generally rectangular grid of pixels (points of color), viewable via a monitor, paper, or other display medium.

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Republic of Ireland

Ireland (Éire), also known as the Republic of Ireland (Poblacht na hÉireann), is a sovereign state in north-western Europe occupying 26 of 32 counties of the island of Ireland.

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Retriangulation of Great Britain

The retriangulation of Great Britain was a triangulation project carried out between 1935 and 1962 that sought to improve the accuracy of maps made of Great Britain.

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Roger Chorley, 2nd Baron Chorley

Roger Richard Edward Chorley, 2nd Baron Chorley (14 August 1930 – 21 February 2016) was a British chartered accountant and peer.

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Romer

A Reference Card or "Romer" is a device for increasing the accuracy when reading a grid reference from a map.

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Royal Engineers

The Corps of Royal Engineers, usually just called the Royal Engineers (RE), and commonly known as the Sappers, is one of the corps of the British Army.

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Royal Mail

Royal Mail plc (Post Brenhinol; a' Phuist Rìoghail) is a postal service and courier company in the United Kingdom, originally established in 1516.

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Satellite navigation

A satellite navigation or satnav system is a system that uses satellites to provide autonomous geo-spatial positioning.

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Sca Fell

Scafell (or; also spelled Sca Fell, previously Scawfell) is a mountain in the English Lake District, part of the Southern Fells.

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Scafell Pike

Scafell Pike or is the highest mountain in England, at an elevation of above sea level.

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Scotland

Scotland (Alba) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and covers the northern third of the island of Great Britain.

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Scottish Highlands

The Highlands (the Hielands; A’ Ghàidhealtachd, "the place of the Gaels") are a historic region of Scotland.

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Simon Fraser, 11th Lord Lovat

Simon Fraser, 11th Lord Lovat (c. 1667 – 9 April 1747, London), nicknamed 'the Fox', was a Scottish Jacobite and Chief of Clan Fraser of Lovat, known for his feuding and changes of allegiance.

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South Lanarkshire

South Lanarkshire (Sooth Lanrikshire, Siorrachd Lannraig a Deas) is one of 32 unitary authorities of Scotland.

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Southampton

Southampton is the largest city in the ceremonial county of Hampshire, England.

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Southampton Blitz

The Southampton Blitz was the heavy bombing of Southampton by the Nazi German Luftwaffe during World War II.

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SPARQL

SPARQL (pronounced "sparkle", a recursive acronym for SPARQL Protocol and RDF Query Language) is an RDF query language, that is, a semantic query language for databases, able to retrieve and manipulate data stored in Resource Description Framework (RDF) format.

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State-owned enterprise

A state-owned enterprise (SOE) is a business enterprise where the state has significant control through full, majority, or significant minority ownership.

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Surveying

Surveying or land surveying is the technique, profession, and science of determining the terrestrial or three-dimensional positions of points and the distances and angles between them.

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The History Press

The History Press is a British publishing company specialising in the publication of titles devoted to local and specialist history.

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Thomas Frederick Colby

Thomas Frederick Colby FRS FRSE FGS FRGS (1 September 1784 – 9 October 1852), was a British major-general and director of the Ordnance Survey (OS).

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Tithe Commutation Act 1836

The Tithe Commutation Act 1836 (6 & 7 Will 4 c 71) was an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom with the long title "An Act for the Commutation of Tithes in England and Wales".

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TOID

A TOID ('''TO'''pographic '''ID'''entifier, pronounced toyed) is a unique reference identifier assigned by the Ordnance Survey to identify every feature in Great Britain.

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Tower of London

The Tower of London, officially Her Majesty's Royal Palace and Fortress of the Tower of London, is a historic castle located on the north bank of the River Thames in central London.

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Trading fund

A trading fund is an executive agency, government department or often simply a part of a department, that enables the department to handle its own revenues and expenses separately from overall government finances and more like a business, as opposed to having to obtain funding from the government's legislature and feeding income back into its treasury.

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Translations

Translations is a three-act play by Irish playwright Brian Friel, written in 1980.

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Triangulation

In trigonometry and geometry, triangulation is the process of determining the location of a point by forming triangles to it from known points.

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Triangulation station

A triangulation station, also known as a triangulation pillar, trigonometrical station, trigonometrical point, trig station, trig beacon, or trig point, and sometimes informally as a trig, is a fixed surveying station, used in geodetic surveying and other surveying projects in its vicinity.

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United Kingdom Hydrographic Office

The United Kingdom Hydrographic Office (UKHO) is the UK's agency for providing hydrographic and marine geospatial data to mariners and maritime organisations across the world.

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Vanessa Lawrence

Dr Vanessa Vivienne Lawrence CB HonFREng FRGS FRICS FCInstCES FRSGS CCMI CGeog FRSGS (born 14 July 1962) is a British businessperson, geographer and speaker working internationally.

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Vector graphics

Vector graphics are computer graphics images that are defined in terms of 2D points, which are connected by lines and curves to form polygons and other shapes.

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Wales

Wales (Cymru) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and the island of Great Britain.

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War Office

The War Office was a department of the British Government responsible for the administration of the British Army between 1857 and 1964, when its functions were transferred to the Ministry of Defence.

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Wards and electoral divisions of the United Kingdom

The wards and electoral divisions in the United Kingdom are electoral districts at sub-national level represented by one or more councillors.

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William Mudge

William Mudge (1762–1820) was an English artillery officer and surveyor, born in Plymouth, an important figure in the work of the Ordnance Survey.

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William Roy

Major-General William Roy FRS, FSA FRSE (4 May 1726 – 1 July 1790) was a Scottish military engineer, surveyor, and antiquarian.

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William Yolland

William Yolland CB, FRS (17 March 1810 – 4 September 1885) was an English military surveyor, astronomer and engineer, and was Britain’s Chief Inspector of Railways from 1877 until his death.

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References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ordnance_Survey

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