135 relations: Acanthite, Alluvium, Aluminium, Antimony, Archean, Argentite, Australia, Banded iron formation, Baryte, Bauxite, Bayan Obo Mining District, Beryl, Besshi copper mine, Bismuth, Black sand, Bornite, Broken Hill ore deposit, Carbonate-hosted lead-zinc ore deposits, Carlin–type gold deposit, Cassiterite, Chalcocite, Chalcopyrite, Channel-iron deposits, Chert, Chromite, Chromium, Cinnabar, Cobaltite, Coltan, Columbite, Conglomerate (geology), Copper, Crust (geology), Cumulate rock, Czechoslovakia, Diatreme, Dolomite, Dune, Earth, Economic geology, Elliot Lake, Extractive metallurgy, Feasibility study, Galena, Geology, Gold, Heavy mineral sands ore deposits, Hematite, Ilmenite, Iron ore, ..., Iron oxide, Iron oxide copper gold ore deposits, Jinchuan District, Kalgoorlie, Kambalda type komatiitic nickel ore deposits, Kimberlite, Lamproite, Lamprophyre, Land rehabilitation, Lateritic nickel ore deposits, Lead, Lithium, Lode, London Metal Exchange, Magnetite, Malachite, McArthur River zinc mine, Mercury (element), Metal, Metallurgy, Mineral, Mineral resource classification, Mining, Mining engineering, Molybdenite, Mongolia, Mount Isa, Mount Weld, Native copper, Native metal, New York Mercantile Exchange, Niobium, Noble metal, Norilsk, Olympic Dam mine, Ore genesis, Ore Mountains, Oxide minerals, Pentlandite, Petrology, Phalaborwa, Philippines, Pisolite, Placer mining, Platinum, Porphyry copper deposit, Prospecting, Pyrolusite, Quartz, Rare-earth element, Red Dog mine, Refining (metallurgy), Rock (geology), Savage River, Tasmania, Scheelite, Sediment, Sedimentary exhalative deposits, Silicate minerals, Silver, Skarn, Skorpion Zinc, Smelting, South Africa, Sperrylite, Sphalerite, Stockwork, Subvolcanic rock, Sudbury Basin, Sulfide minerals, Tantalite, Tantalum, Thompson Belt, Tombstone, Arizona, Tungsten, Uraninite, Uranium, Vanadium, Vermiculite, Voisey's Bay, Volcanogenic massive sulfide ore deposit, Western Australia, Witwatersrand, Wolframite, World Bank, Zinc. Expand index (85 more) » « Shrink index
Acanthite is a form of silver sulfide with the chemical formula Ag2S.
Alluvium (from the Latin alluvius, from alluere, "to wash against") is loose, unconsolidated (not cemented together into a solid rock) soil or sediments, which has been eroded, reshaped by water in some form, and redeposited in a non-marine setting.
Aluminium or aluminum is a chemical element with symbol Al and atomic number 13.
Antimony is a chemical element with symbol Sb (from stibium) and atomic number 51.
The Archean Eon (also spelled Archaean or Archæan) is one of the four geologic eons of Earth history, occurring (4 to 2.5 billion years ago).
In mineralogy, argentite (from the Latin argentum, silver) is cubic silver sulfide (Ag2S), which can only exist at temperatures above 173 °C, 177 °C or 179 °C.
Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands.
Banded iron formations (also known as banded ironstone formations or BIFs) are distinctive units of sedimentary rock that are almost always of Precambrian age.
Baryte or barite (BaSO4) is a mineral consisting of barium sulfate.
Bauxite is a sedimentary rock with a relatively high aluminium content.
Bayan'obo Mining District, (Mongolian: Bayan Oboɣ-a Aɣurqai-yin toɣoriɣ, Баян-Овоо Уурхайн тойрог ("rich" + ovoo)), or Baiyun-Obo or Baiyun'ebo, is a mining town in the west of Inner Mongolia, People's Republic of China.
Beryl is a mineral composed of beryllium aluminium cyclosilicate with the chemical formula Be3Al2(SiO3)6.
The was a rich source of copper in Niihama, Ehime Prefecture, Japan.
Bismuth is a chemical element with symbol Bi and atomic number 83.
Black sand is sand that is black in color.
Bornite, also known as peacock ore, is a sulfide mineral with chemical composition Cu5FeS4 that crystallizes in the orthorhombic system (pseudo-cubic).
The Broken Hill Ore Deposit is located underneath Broken Hill in western New South Wales, Australia, and is the namesake for the town.
Carbonate-hosted lead-zinc ore deposits are important and highly valuable concentrations of lead and zinc sulfide ores hosted within carbonate (limestone, marl, dolomite) formations and which share a common genetic origin.
Carlin–type gold deposits are sediment-hosted disseminated gold deposits.
Cassiterite is a tin oxide mineral, SnO2.
Chalcocite, copper(I) sulfide (Cu2S), is an important copper ore mineral.
Chalcopyrite is a copper iron sulfide mineral that crystallizes in the tetragonal system.
Channel iron deposits (CID) are iron-rich fluvial sedimentary deposits of possible Miocene age occupying meandering palaeochannels in the Early to Mid-Cenozoic Hamerlsey palaeosurface of Western Australia.
Chert is a fine-grained sedimentary rock composed of microcrystalline or cryptocrystalline silica, the mineral form of silicon dioxide (SiO2).
Chromite is an iron chromium oxide: FeCr2O4.
Chromium is a chemical element with symbol Cr and atomic number 24.
Cinnabar and cinnabarite, likely deriving from the κιννάβαρι (kinnabari), refer to the common bright scarlet to brick-red form of mercury(II) sulfide (HgS) that is the most common source ore for refining elemental mercury, and is the historic source for the brilliant red or scarlet pigment termed vermilion and associated red mercury pigments.
Cobaltite is a sulfide mineral composed of cobalt, arsenic, and sulfur, CoAsS.
Coltan (short for columbite–tantalites and known industrially as tantalite) is a dull black metallic ore, from which the elements niobium and tantalum are extracted.
Columbite, also called niobite, niobite-tantalite and columbate, is a black mineral group that is an ore of niobium.
Conglomerate is a coarse-grained clastic sedimentary rock that is composed of a substantial fraction of rounded to subangular gravel-size clasts, e.g., granules, pebbles, cobbles, and boulders, larger than in diameter.
Copper is a chemical element with symbol Cu (from cuprum) and atomic number 29.
In geology, the crust is the outermost solid shell of a rocky planet, dwarf planet, or natural satellite.
Cumulate rocks are igneous rocks formed by the accumulation of crystals from a magma either by settling or floating.
Czechoslovakia, or Czecho-Slovakia (Czech and Československo, Česko-Slovensko), was a sovereign state in Central Europe that existed from October 1918, when it declared its independence from the Austro-Hungarian Empire, until its peaceful dissolution into the:Czech Republic and:Slovakia on 1 January 1993.
A diatreme, sometimes known as a maar-diatreme volcano, is a volcanic pipe formed by a gaseous explosion.
Dolomite is an anhydrous carbonate mineral composed of calcium magnesium carbonate, ideally The term is also used for a sedimentary carbonate rock composed mostly of the mineral dolomite.
In physical geography, a dune is a hill of loose sand built by aeolian processes (wind) or the flow of water.
Earth is the third planet from the Sun and the only astronomical object known to harbor life.
Economic geology is concerned with earth materials that can be used for economic and/or industrial purposes.
Elliot Lake is a city in Algoma District, Ontario, Canada.
Extractive metallurgy is a branch of metallurgical engineering wherein process and methods of extraction of metals from their natural mineral deposits are studied.
Feasibility Study is an assessment of the practicality of a proposed project or system.
Galena, also called lead glance, is the natural mineral form of lead(II) sulfide.
Geology (from the Ancient Greek γῆ, gē, i.e. "earth" and -λoγία, -logia, i.e. "study of, discourse") is an earth science concerned with the solid Earth, the rocks of which it is composed, and the processes by which they change over time.
Gold is a chemical element with symbol Au (from aurum) and atomic number 79, making it one of the higher atomic number elements that occur naturally.
Heavy mineral sands are a class of ore deposit which is an important source of zirconium, titanium, thorium, tungsten, rare-earth elements, the industrial minerals diamond, sapphire, garnet, and occasionally precious metals or gemstones.
Hematite, also spelled as haematite, is the mineral form of iron(III) oxide (Fe2O3), one of several iron oxides.
Ilmenite, also known as Manaccanite, is a titanium-iron oxide mineral with the idealized formula.
Iron ores are rocks and minerals from which metallic iron can be economically extracted.
Iron oxides are chemical compounds composed of iron and oxygen.
Iron oxide copper gold ore deposits (IOCG) are important and highly valuable concentrations of copper, gold and uranium ores hosted within iron oxide dominant gangue assemblages which share a common genetic origin.
The Jinchuan District is an administrative district in Gansu, the People's Republic of China.
Kalgoorlie, part of the City of Kalgoorlie-Boulder, is a city in the Goldfields-Esperance region of Western Australia, located east-northeast of Perth at the end of the Great Eastern Highway.
Kambalda type komatiitic nickel ore deposits are a class of magmatic iron-nickel-copper-platinum-group element ore deposit in which the physical processes of komatiite volcanology serve to deposit, concentrate and enrich a Fe-Ni-Cu-(PGE) sulfide melt within the lava flow environment of an erupting komatiite volcano.
Kimberlite is an igneous rock, which sometimes contains diamonds.
Lamproite is an ultrapotassic mantle-derived volcanic or subvolcanic rock.
Lamprophyres (Greek λαµπρός (lamprós).
Land rehabilitation is the process of returning the land in a given area to some degree of its former state, after some process (industry, natural disasters, etc.) has resulted in its damage.
Lateritic nickel ore deposits are surficial, weathered rinds formed on ultramafic rocks.
Lead is a chemical element with symbol Pb (from the Latin plumbum) and atomic number 82.
Lithium (from lit) is a chemical element with symbol Li and atomic number 3.
In geology, a lode is a deposit of metalliferous ore that fills or is embedded in a fissure (or crack) in a rock formation or a vein of ore that is deposited or embedded between layers of rock.
The London Metal Exchange (LME) is the futures exchange with the world's largest market in options and futures contracts on base and other metals.
Magnetite is a rock mineral and one of the main iron ores, with the chemical formula Fe3O4.
Malachite is a copper carbonate hydroxide mineral, with the formula Cu2CO3(OH)2.
The McArthur River mine is one of the world's largest zinc, lead and silver mines, situated about 70 kilometres southwest of Borroloola, near the Gulf of Carpentaria in the northeastern Northern Territory, Australia.
Mercury is a chemical element with symbol Hg and atomic number 80.
A metal (from Greek μέταλλον métallon, "mine, quarry, metal") is a material (an element, compound, or alloy) that is typically hard when in solid state, opaque, shiny, and has good electrical and thermal conductivity.
Metallurgy is a domain of materials science and engineering that studies the physical and chemical behavior of metallic elements, their inter-metallic compounds, and their mixtures, which are called alloys.
A mineral is a naturally occurring chemical compound, usually of crystalline form and not produced by life processes.
Mineral resource classification is the classification of mineral resources based on an increasing level of geological knowledge and confidence.
Mining is the extraction of valuable minerals or other geological materials from the earth, usually from an orebody, lode, vein, seam, reef or placer deposit.
Mining engineering is an engineering discipline that applies science and technology to the extraction of minerals from the earth.
Molybdenite is a mineral of molybdenum disulfide, MoS2.
Mongolia (Monggol Ulus in Mongolian; in Mongolian Cyrillic) is a landlocked unitary sovereign state in East Asia.
Mount Isa is a city in the Gulf Country region of Queensland, Australia.
Mount Weld is a mountain and a mine site in Western Australia, located about south of Laverton and east of Leonora.
Native copper is an uncombined form of copper that occurs as a natural mineral.
A native metal is any metal that is found in its metallic form, either pure in nature.
The New York Mercantile Exchange (NYMEX) is a commodity futures exchange owned and operated by CME Group of Chicago.
Niobium, formerly known as columbium, is a chemical element with symbol Nb (formerly Cb) and atomic number 41.
In chemistry, the noble metals are metals that are resistant to corrosion and oxidation in moist air (unlike most base metals).
Norilsk (p) is an industrial city in Krasnoyarsk Krai, Russia, located above the Arctic Circle, east of the Yenisei River and south of the western Taymyr Peninsula.
The Olympic Dam mine is a large poly-metallic underground mine located in South Australia, 550 km NNW of Adelaide.
Various theories of ore genesis explain how the various types of mineral deposits form within the Earth's crust.
The Ore Mountains or Ore Mountain Range (Erzgebirge; Krušné hory; both literally "ore mountains") in Central Europe have formed a natural border between Saxony and Bohemia for around 800 years, from the 12th to the 20th centuries.
The oxide mineral class includes those minerals in which the oxide anion (O2−) is bonded to one or more metal ions.
Pentlandite is an iron-nickel sulfide, (Fe,Ni)9S8.
Petrology (from the Greek πέτρος, pétros, "rock" and λόγος, lógos, "subject matter", see -logy) is the branch of geology that studies rocks and the conditions under which they form.
Phalaborwa is a town in the Mopani District Municipality, Limpopo province, South Africa.
The Philippines (Pilipinas or Filipinas), officially the Republic of the Philippines (Republika ng Pilipinas), is a unitary sovereign and archipelagic country in Southeast Asia.
A pisolite is a sedimentary rock made of pisoids, which are concretionary grains – typically of calcium carbonate which resemble ooids, but are more than 2 mm in diameter.
Placer mining is the mining of stream bed (alluvial) deposits for minerals.
Platinum is a chemical element with symbol Pt and atomic number 78.
Porphyry copper deposits are copper orebodies that are formed from hydrothermal fluids that originate from a voluminous magma chamber several kilometers below the deposit itself.
Prospecting is the first stage of the geological analysis (second – exploration) of a territory.
Pyrolusite is a mineral consisting essentially of manganese dioxide (MnO2) and is important as an ore of manganese.
Quartz is a mineral composed of silicon and oxygen atoms in a continuous framework of SiO4 silicon–oxygen tetrahedra, with each oxygen being shared between two tetrahedra, giving an overall chemical formula of SiO2.
A rare-earth element (REE) or rare-earth metal (REM), as defined by IUPAC, is one of a set of seventeen chemical elements in the periodic table, specifically the fifteen lanthanides, as well as scandium and yttrium.
The Red Dog mine is a zinc and lead mine located in a remote region of the Arctic, within the boundaries of the Red Dog Mine census-designated place in the Northwest Arctic Borough of the U.S. state of Alaska.
In metallurgy, refining consists of purifying an impure metal.
Rock or stone is a natural substance, a solid aggregate of one or more minerals or mineraloids.
Savage River is a small Australian mining township located on the west coast of Tasmania.
Scheelite is a calcium tungstate mineral with the chemical formula CaWO4.
Sediment is a naturally occurring material that is broken down by processes of weathering and erosion, and is subsequently transported by the action of wind, water, or ice, and/or by the force of gravity acting on the particles.
Sedimentary exhalative deposits (SedEx deposits) are ore deposits which are interpreted to have been formed by release of ore-bearing hydrothermal fluids into a water reservoir (usually the ocean), resulting in the precipitation of stratiform ore.
Silicate minerals are rock-forming minerals with predominantly silicate anions.
Silver is a chemical element with symbol Ag (from the Latin argentum, derived from the Proto-Indo-European ''h₂erǵ'': "shiny" or "white") and atomic number 47.
Skarns or tactites are hard, coarse-grained metamorphic rocks that form by a process called Metasomatism.
Skorpion Zinc is the 8th largest Zinc mine in the world, producing Special High Grade (SHG) Zinc.
Smelting is a process of applying heat to ore in order to melt out a base metal.
South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa.
Sperrylite is a platinum arsenide mineral with formula PtAs2 and is an opaque metallic tin white mineral which crystallizes in the isometric system with the pyrite group structure.
Sphalerite ((Zn, Fe)S) is a mineral that is the chief ore of zinc.
In geology, a stockwork is a complex system of structurally controlled or randomly oriented veins.
A subvolcanic rock, also known as a hypabyssal rock, is an intrusive igneous rock that is emplaced at medium to shallow depths (>2 km) within the crust, and has intermediate grain size and often porphyritic texture between that of volcanic and plutonic rocks.
The Sudbury Basin, also known as Sudbury Structure or the Sudbury Nickel Irruptive, is a major geological structure in Ontario, Canada.
The sulfide minerals are a class of minerals containing sulfide (S2−) as the major anion.
The mineral group tantalite is the primary source of the chemical element tantalum.
Tantalum is a chemical element with symbol Ta and atomic number 73.
The Thompson Belt, also referred to as the Thompson Nickel Belt, is an Archean and early Proterozoic geologic feature in Manitoba, Canada.
Tombstone is a historic city in Cochise County, Arizona, United States, founded in 1879 by prospector Ed Schieffelin in what was then Pima County, Arizona Territory.
Tungsten, or wolfram, is a chemical element with symbol W (referring to wolfram) and atomic number 74.
Uraninite, formerly pitchblende, is a radioactive, uranium-rich mineral and ore with a chemical composition that is largely UO2, but due to oxidation the mineral typically contains variable proportions of U3O8.
Uranium is a chemical element with symbol U and atomic number 92.
Vanadium is a chemical element with symbol V and atomic number 23.
Vermiculite is a hydrous phyllosilicate mineral.
Voisey's Bay is a bay of the Atlantic Ocean in Labrador, Canada.
Volcanogenic massive sulfide ore deposits, also known as VMS ore deposits, are a type of metal sulfide ore deposit, mainly copper-zinc which are associated with and created by volcanic-associated hydrothermal events in submarine environments.
Western Australia (abbreviated as WA) is a state occupying the entire western third of Australia.
The Witwatersrand (locally the Rand or, less commonly, the Reef) is a, north-facing scarp in South Africa.
Wolframite, (Fe,Mn)WO4, is an iron manganese tungstate mineral that is the intermediate between ferberite (Fe2+ rich) and hübnerite (Mn2+ rich).
The World Bank (Banque mondiale) is an international financial institution that provides loans to countries of the world for capital projects.
Zinc is a chemical element with symbol Zn and atomic number 30.