209 relations: Adrenoleukodystrophy, Advance healthcare directive, Africa, Alabama, All India Institutes of Medical Sciences, Altruism, American Kidney Fund, American Medical News, Anathema, Anencephaly, Antihypertensive drug, Arkansas, Australia, Australian Organ Donor Register, Austria, Belgium, Beliefnet, Bioethics, Black market, Blood type, Bone grafting, Brain death, California, Catholic Church, Center for Ethical Solutions, Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology, Cloning, Congress of Colombia, Connecticut, Consent, Corneal transplantation, Cruel and unusual punishment, Death, Default effect, Deontological ethics, Department of Health and Social Care, Dialysis, Donate Life America, Dotdash, Elder abuse, European Parliament, European Union, Eurotransplant, Family and Medical Leave Act of 1993, Florida, Fox News, France, Frankfurt, Function (biology), Gary Becker, ..., Genotype, Georgia (U.S. state), Germany, Greece, Hastings Center Report, Hawaii, Health policy, Heart, Heart transplantation, Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, HuffPost, Human, Human body, Idaho, Immunosuppressive drug, India, India Today, Indian Journal of Urology, Indonesian rupiah, Informed consent, Intensive care unit, Inter vivos, Intestine transplantation, Iowa, Iran, Ischemia, Israel, JAMA (journal), Jehovah's Witnesses, Jesus Christians, Joe Arpaio, Joseph Murray, Journal of Economic Perspectives, Journal of Medical Ethics, Kansas, Karnataka, Kentucky, Kidney, Kidney failure, Kidney transplantation, KING-TV, Landstuhl Regional Medical Center, Legal death, Legal guardian, Life, Lions Eye Bank, Lions Eye Institute, Liver transplantation, Louisiana, Lung transplantation, Maharashtra, Maine, Mainz, Maricopa County Sheriff's Office, Massachusetts, Māori people, Mechanical ventilation, Medicine, Medindia, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, MOHAN Foundation, Montana, Muslim, Nancy Scheper-Hughes, National Congress of Argentina, National Organ Transplant Act of 1984, National Transplant Organization, Nebraska, Netherlands, Neurology, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Internationalist, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York (state), New Zealand, Newsweek, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, Non-governmental organization, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Old Testament, Opt-out, Oregon, Organ (anatomy), Organ donation, Organ Donation Taskforce, Organ theft, Organ trade, Organ transplantation, Organ transplantation in China, Organ transplantation in Israel, Organ transplantation in Japan, Orthodox Judaism, Pancreas transplantation, Pennsylvania, Poland, Portugal, Reactance (psychology), Rhineland-Palatinate, Rhode Island, Richard Herrick, Romani people, Rutgers Law Review, Scientific American, Shinto, Singapore, Skin grafting, South Carolina, South Dakota, Spain, Sport Club do Recife, Sri Lanka Eye Donation Society, Suicide, Surgery, Tamil Nadu, Tanakh, Tangs, Teleology, Tennessee, The BMJ, The Economist, The Guardian, The Hindu, The Indian Express, The Journal of Urology, The New York Times, The Sydney Morning Herald, The Times, The Times of India, The Wall Street Journal, The Washington Post, Transplant rejection, Transplant surgeon, Transplantable organs and tissues, Transportation theory (psychology), Uniform Anatomical Gift Act, Uniform Determination of Death Act, United Kingdom, United Network for Organ Sharing, United States, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Utah, Utilitarianism, Vermont, Virginia, Wales, Washington, D.C., West Virginia, Wired (magazine), Wisconsin, Wyoming, Xenotransplantation, Zee News. Expand index (159 more) » « Shrink index
Adrenoleukodystrophy is a disease linked to the X chromosome.
An advance healthcare directive, also known as living will, personal directive, advance directive, medical directive or advance decision, is a legal document in which a person specifies what actions should be taken for their health if they are no longer able to make decisions for themselves because of illness or incapacity.
Africa is the world's second largest and second most-populous continent (behind Asia in both categories).
Alabama is a state in the southeastern region of the United States.
The All India Institutes of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) are a group of autonomous public medical colleges of higher education.
Altruism is the principle and moral practice of concern for happiness of other human beings, resulting in a quality of life both material and spiritual.
The American Kidney Fund (AKF) is a major publicly supported 501(c)(3) non-profit organization founded in 1971.
American Medical News was an American newspaper that covered business, policy, public health and legal issues affecting physician practices.
Anathema, in common usage, is something or someone that is detested or shunned.
Anencephaly is the absence of a major portion of the brain, skull, and scalp that occurs during embryonic development.
Antihypertensives are a class of drugs that are used to treat hypertension (high blood pressure).
Arkansas is a state in the southeastern region of the United States, home to over 3 million people as of 2017.
Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands.
The Australian Organ Donor Register (AODR) is an Australian government register, recording individuals who have agreed to donate organs and tissues in the event of their death.
Austria (Österreich), officially the Republic of Austria (Republik Österreich), is a federal republic and a landlocked country of over 8.8 million people in Central Europe.
Belgium, officially the Kingdom of Belgium, is a country in Western Europe bordered by France, the Netherlands, Germany and Luxembourg.
Beliefnet is a lifestyle website providing feature editorial content around the topics of inspiration, spirituality, health, wellness, love and family, news and entertainment.
Bioethics is the study of the ethical issues emerging from advances in biology and medicine.
A black market, underground economy, or shadow economy is a clandestine market or transaction that has some aspect of illegality or is characterized by some form of noncompliant behavior with an institutional set of rules.
A blood type (also called a blood group) is a classification of blood based on the presence and absence of antibodies and also based on the presence or absence of inherited antigenic substances on the surface of red blood cells (RBCs).
Bone grafting is a surgical procedure that replaces missing bone in order to repair bone fractures that are extremely complex, pose a significant health risk to the patient, or fail to heal properly.
Brain death is the complete loss of brain function (including involuntary activity necessary to sustain life).
California is a state in the Pacific Region of the United States.
The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with more than 1.299 billion members worldwide.
The Center for Ethical Solutions (CES), founded by Sigrid Fry-Revere, is a 501(c)(3) non-profit bioethics think tank based in Lovettsville, Virginia whose mission is to find practical solutions to controversial problems in the field of medical ethics.
The Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology is a monthly peer-reviewed medical journal covering nephrology.
Cloning is the process of producing genetically identical individuals of an organism either naturally or artificially.
The Congress of the Republic of Colombia (Congreso de la República de Colombia) is the name given to Colombia's bicameral national legislature.
Connecticut is the southernmost state in the New England region of the northeastern United States.
In common speech, consent occurs when one person voluntarily agrees to the proposal or desires of another.
Corneal transplantation, also known as corneal grafting, is a surgical procedure where a damaged or diseased cornea is replaced by donated corneal tissue (the graft).
Cruel and unusual punishment is a phrase describing punishment that is considered unacceptable due to the suffering, pain, or humiliation it inflicts on the person subjected to it.
Death is the cessation of all biological functions that sustain a living organism.
Among the set of options that agents choose from, the default option is the option the chooser will obtain if he or she does nothing.
In moral philosophy, deontological ethics or deontology (from Greek δέον, deon, "obligation, duty") is the normative ethical position that judges the morality of an action based on rules.
The Department of Health and Social Care (DHSC) is a department of Her Majesty's Government, responsible for government policy on health and adult social care matters in England, along with a few elements of the same matters which are not otherwise devolved to the Scottish Government, Welsh Government or Northern Ireland Executive.
In medicine, dialysis (from Greek διάλυσις, diàlysis, "dissolution"; from διά, dià, "through", and λύσις, lỳsis, "loosening or splitting") is the process of removing excess water, solutes and toxins from the blood in those whose native kidneys have lost the ability to perform these functions in a natural way.
Donate Life America, founded in 1992 as the Coalition on Donation, is a 501(c)3 not-for-profit alliance of national organizations and 47 state-based organizations across the United States called Donate Life State Teams dedicated to educating the public and advocating for organ, eye and tissue donation.
Dotdash (formerly About.com) is an American Internet-based network of content that publishes articles and videos about various subjects on its "topic sites", of which there are nearly 1,000.
Elder abuse (also called "elder mistreatment", "senior abuse", "abuse in later life", "abuse of older adults", "abuse of older women", and "abuse of older men") is "a single, or repeated act, or lack of appropriate action, occurring within any relationship where there is an expectation of trust, which causes harm or distress to an older person." This definition has been adopted by the World Health Organization (WHO) from a definition put forward by Action on Elder Abuse in the UK.
The European Parliament (EP) is the directly elected parliamentary institution of the European Union (EU).
The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of EUnum member states that are located primarily in Europe.
The Eurotransplant International Foundation, commonly known simply as Eurotransplant, is an international non-profit organization responsible for encouraging and coordinating organ transplants in Austria, Belgium, Croatia, Germany, Hungary, Luxembourg, Netherlands, and Slovenia.
The Family and Medical Leave Act of 1993 (FMLA) is a United States labor law requiring covered employers to provide employees with job-protected and unpaid leave for qualified medical and family reasons.
Florida (Spanish for "land of flowers") is the southernmost contiguous state in the United States.
Fox News (officially known as the Fox News Channel, commonly abbreviated to FNC) is an American basic cable and satellite television news channel owned by the Fox Entertainment Group, a subsidiary of 21st Century Fox.
France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.
Frankfurt, officially the City of Frankfurt am Main ("Frankfurt on the Main"), is a metropolis and the largest city in the German state of Hesse and the fifth-largest city in Germany.
In biology, function has been defined in many ways.
Gary Stanley Becker (December 2, 1930 – May 3, 2014) was an American economist and empiricist.
The genotype is the part of the genetic makeup of a cell, and therefore of an organism or individual, which determines one of its characteristics (phenotype).
Georgia is a state in the Southeastern United States.
Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a sovereign state in central-western Europe.
The Hastings Center Report is a bimonthly peer-reviewed academic journal of bioethics.
Hawaii (Hawaii) is the 50th and most recent state to have joined the United States, having received statehood on August 21, 1959.
Health policy can be defined as the "decisions, plans, and actions that are undertaken to achieve specific healthcare goals within a society".
The heart is a muscular organ in most animals, which pumps blood through the blood vessels of the circulatory system.
A heart transplant, or a cardiac transplant, is a surgical transplant procedure performed on patients with end-stage heart failure or severe coronary artery disease when other medical or surgical treatments have failed.
Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is the transplantation of multipotent hematopoietic stem cells, usually derived from bone marrow, peripheral blood, or umbilical cord blood.
HuffPost (formerly The Huffington Post and sometimes abbreviated HuffPo) is a liberal American news and opinion website and blog that has both localized and international editions.
Humans (taxonomically Homo sapiens) are the only extant members of the subtribe Hominina.
The human body is the entire structure of a human being.
Idaho is a state in the northwestern region of the United States.
Immunosuppressive drugs or immunosuppressive agents or antirejection medications are drugs that inhibit or prevent activity of the immune system.
India (IAST), also called the Republic of India (IAST), is a country in South Asia.
India Today is an Indian English-language fortnightly news magazine and news television channel.
The Indian Journal of Urology is a peer-reviewed open access medical journal published by Medknow Publications on behalf of the Urological Society of India.
The rupiah (Rp) is the official currency of Indonesia. Issued and controlled by the Bank of Indonesia, the ISO 4217 currency code for the Indonesian rupiah is IDR. The name "Rupiah" is derived from the Indian word rupiya (रुपीया), ultimately from Sanskrit rupyakam (रूप्यकम्; silver). Informally, Indonesians also use the word "perak" ("silver" in Indonesian) in referring to rupiah. The rupiah is subdivided into 100 sen, although inflation has rendered all coins and banknotes denominated in sen obsolete. The Riau islands and the Indonesian half of New Guinea (Irian Barat) had their own variants of the rupiah in the past, but these were subsumed into the national rupiah in 1964 and 1971 respectively (see Riau rupiah and West Irian rupiah).
Informed consent is a process for getting permission before conducting a healthcare intervention on a person, or for disclosing personal information.
Intensive care unit An intensive care unit (ICU), also known as an intensive therapy unit or intensive treatment unit (ITU) or critical care unit (CCU), is a special department of a hospital or health care facility that provides intensive treatment medicine.
Inter vivos (Latin, between the living) is a legal term referring to a transfer or gift made during one's lifetime, as opposed to a testamentary transfer (a gift that takes effect on death) under the subject of trust.
Intestine transplantation, intestinal transplantation, or small bowel transplantation is the surgical replacement of the small intestine for chronic and acute cases of intestinal failure.
Iowa is a U.S. state in the Midwestern United States, bordered by the Mississippi River to the east and the Missouri and Big Sioux rivers to the west.
Iran (ایران), also known as Persia, officially the Islamic Republic of Iran (جمهوری اسلامی ایران), is a sovereign state in Western Asia. With over 81 million inhabitants, Iran is the world's 18th-most-populous country. Comprising a land area of, it is the second-largest country in the Middle East and the 17th-largest in the world. Iran is bordered to the northwest by Armenia and the Republic of Azerbaijan, to the north by the Caspian Sea, to the northeast by Turkmenistan, to the east by Afghanistan and Pakistan, to the south by the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman, and to the west by Turkey and Iraq. The country's central location in Eurasia and Western Asia, and its proximity to the Strait of Hormuz, give it geostrategic importance. Tehran is the country's capital and largest city, as well as its leading economic and cultural center. Iran is home to one of the world's oldest civilizations, beginning with the formation of the Elamite kingdoms in the fourth millennium BCE. It was first unified by the Iranian Medes in the seventh century BCE, reaching its greatest territorial size in the sixth century BCE, when Cyrus the Great founded the Achaemenid Empire, which stretched from Eastern Europe to the Indus Valley, becoming one of the largest empires in history. The Iranian realm fell to Alexander the Great in the fourth century BCE and was divided into several Hellenistic states. An Iranian rebellion culminated in the establishment of the Parthian Empire, which was succeeded in the third century CE by the Sasanian Empire, a leading world power for the next four centuries. Arab Muslims conquered the empire in the seventh century CE, displacing the indigenous faiths of Zoroastrianism and Manichaeism with Islam. Iran made major contributions to the Islamic Golden Age that followed, producing many influential figures in art and science. After two centuries, a period of various native Muslim dynasties began, which were later conquered by the Turks and the Mongols. The rise of the Safavids in the 15th century led to the reestablishment of a unified Iranian state and national identity, with the country's conversion to Shia Islam marking a turning point in Iranian and Muslim history. Under Nader Shah, Iran was one of the most powerful states in the 18th century, though by the 19th century, a series of conflicts with the Russian Empire led to significant territorial losses. Popular unrest led to the establishment of a constitutional monarchy and the country's first legislature. A 1953 coup instigated by the United Kingdom and the United States resulted in greater autocracy and growing anti-Western resentment. Subsequent unrest against foreign influence and political repression led to the 1979 Revolution and the establishment of an Islamic republic, a political system that includes elements of a parliamentary democracy vetted and supervised by a theocracy governed by an autocratic "Supreme Leader". During the 1980s, the country was engaged in a war with Iraq, which lasted for almost nine years and resulted in a high number of casualties and economic losses for both sides. According to international reports, Iran's human rights record is exceptionally poor. The regime in Iran is undemocratic, and has frequently persecuted and arrested critics of the government and its Supreme Leader. Women's rights in Iran are described as seriously inadequate, and children's rights have been severely violated, with more child offenders being executed in Iran than in any other country in the world. Since the 2000s, Iran's controversial nuclear program has raised concerns, which is part of the basis of the international sanctions against the country. The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, an agreement reached between Iran and the P5+1, was created on 14 July 2015, aimed to loosen the nuclear sanctions in exchange for Iran's restriction in producing enriched uranium. Iran is a founding member of the UN, ECO, NAM, OIC, and OPEC. It is a major regional and middle power, and its large reserves of fossil fuels – which include the world's largest natural gas supply and the fourth-largest proven oil reserves – exert considerable influence in international energy security and the world economy. The country's rich cultural legacy is reflected in part by its 22 UNESCO World Heritage Sites, the third-largest number in Asia and eleventh-largest in the world. Iran is a multicultural country comprising numerous ethnic and linguistic groups, the largest being Persians (61%), Azeris (16%), Kurds (10%), and Lurs (6%).
Ischemia or ischaemia is a restriction in blood supply to tissues, causing a shortage of oxygen that is needed for cellular metabolism (to keep tissue alive).
Israel, officially the State of Israel, is a country in the Middle East, on the southeastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea and the northern shore of the Red Sea.
JAMA: The Journal of the American Medical Association is a peer-reviewed medical journal published 48 times a year by the American Medical Association.
Jehovah's Witnesses is a millenarian restorationist Christian denomination with nontrinitarian beliefs distinct from mainstream Christianity.
The Jesus Christians were a small Christian millennialist group which practice communal living, voluntary work, activism and distribute Christian comics and books written by the founder, David Mckay.
Joseph Michael Arpaio (born June 14, 1932) is an American former law enforcement officer and politician.
Joseph Edward Murray (April 1, 1919 – November 26, 2012) was an American plastic surgeon who performed the first successful human kidney transplant on identical twins Richard and Ronald Herrick on December 23, 1954.
The Journal of Economic Perspectives (JEP) is an economic journal published by the American Economic Association.
The Journal of Medical Ethics is a peer-reviewed academic journal in the field of bioethics established in 1975.
Kansas is a U.S. state in the Midwestern United States.
Karnataka also known Kannada Nadu is a state in the south western region of India.
Kentucky, officially the Commonwealth of Kentucky, is a state located in the east south-central region of the United States.
The kidneys are two bean-shaped organs present in left and right sides of the body in vertebrates.
Kidney failure, also known as end-stage kidney disease, is a medical condition in which the kidneys no longer work.
Kidney transplantation or renal transplantation is the organ transplant of a kidney into a patient with end-stage renal disease.
KING-TV, virtual channel 5 (UHF digital channel 48), is an NBC-affiliated television station licensed to Seattle, Washington, United States and also serving Tacoma.
The Landstuhl Regional Medical Center (LRMC) is an overseas military hospital operated by the United States Army and the Department of Defense.
Legal death is a government's official recognition that a person has died.
A legal guardian is a person who has the legal authority (and the corresponding duty) to care for the personal and property interests of another person, called a ward.
Life is a characteristic that distinguishes physical entities that do have biological processes, such as signaling and self-sustaining processes, from those that do not, either because such functions have ceased, or because they never had such functions and are classified as inanimate.
Lions Eye Bank is the name of the various eye banks operated by the Lions Save Sight Foundation (LSSF), a not-for-profit foundation within the Lions Clubs International service organisation.
The Lions Eye Institute (LEI) is an Australian medical research institute affiliated with the University of Western Australia.
Liver transplantation or hepatic transplantation is the replacement of a diseased liver with the healthy liver from another person (allograft).
Louisiana is a state in the southeastern region of the United States.
Lung transplantation or pulmonary transplantation is a surgical procedure in which a patient's diseased lungs are partially or totally replaced by lungs which come from a donor.
Maharashtra (abbr. MH) is a state in the western region of India and is India's second-most populous state and third-largest state by area.
Maine is a U.S. state in the New England region of the northeastern United States.
Satellite view of Mainz (south of the Rhine) and Wiesbaden Mainz (Mogontiacum, Mayence) is the capital and largest city of the state of Rhineland-Palatinate in Germany.
The Maricopa County Sheriff's Office (MCSO) is a local law enforcement agency that serves Maricopa County, Arizona.
Massachusetts, officially known as the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, is the most populous state in the New England region of the northeastern United States.
The Māori are the indigenous Polynesian people of New Zealand.
Mechanical ventilation is the medical term for artificial ventilation where mechanical means is used to assist or replace spontaneous breathing. This may involve a machine called a ventilator or the breathing may be assisted by an anesthesiologist, certified registered nurse anesthetist, physician, physician assistant, respiratory therapist, paramedic, EMT, or other suitable person compressing a bag or set of bellows. Mechanical ventilation is termed "invasive" if it involves any instrument penetrating the trachea through the mouth, such as an endotracheal tube or the skin, such as a tracheostomy tube. There are two main types: positive pressure ventilation, where air (or another gas mix) is pushed into the trachea, and negative pressure ventilation, where air is, in essence, sucked into the lungs. There are many modes of mechanical ventilation, and their nomenclature has been revised over the decades as the technology has continually developed.
Medicine is the science and practice of the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease.
Medindia was launched in 1999 and was among the first few health websites from India.
Michigan is a state in the Great Lakes and Midwestern regions of the United States.
Minnesota is a state in the Upper Midwest and northern regions of the United States.
Mississippi is a state in the Southern United States, with part of its southern border formed by the Gulf of Mexico.
MOHAN Foundation is a not-for-profit, registered non-government charity organisation in India that works in the field of deceased organ donation and transplantation.
Montana is a state in the Northwestern United States.
A Muslim (مُسلِم) is someone who follows or practices Islam, a monotheistic Abrahamic religion.
Nancy Scheper-Hughes (born 1944 in New York City) is a professor of Anthropology and director of the program in Medical Anthropology at the University of California at Berkeley.
The Congress of the Argentine Nation (Congreso de la Nación Argentina) is the legislative branch of the government of Argentina.
The National Organ Transplant Act (1984), approved October 19, 1984, and amended in 1988 and 1990, outlawed the sale of human organs and provided for the establishment of the Task Force on Organ Transplantation; authorized the Department of Health and Human Services to make grants for the planning, establishment, and initial operation of qualified Organ Procurement Organizations (OPOs); and established the formation of the Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network and Scientific Registry of Transplant Recipients.
The National Transplant Organization (Organización Nacional de Trasplantes, ONT) is an institution belonging to the Spanish Ministry of Health, Social Services and Equality, put in charge of developing the competencies related with provision and clinical utilization of organs, tissues and cells.
Nebraska is a state that lies in both the Great Plains and the Midwestern United States.
The Netherlands (Nederland), often referred to as Holland, is a country located mostly in Western Europe with a population of seventeen million.
Neurology (from νεῦρον (neûron), "string, nerve" and the suffix -logia, "study of") is a branch of medicine dealing with disorders of the nervous system.
Nevada (see pronunciations) is a state in the Western, Mountain West, and Southwestern regions of the United States of America.
New Hampshire is a state in the New England region of the northeastern United States.
New Internationalist (NI) is an independent, non-profit, publishing co-operative, based in Oxford, United Kingdom.
New Jersey is a state in the Mid-Atlantic region of the Northeastern United States.
New Mexico (Nuevo México, Yootó Hahoodzo) is a state in the Southwestern Region of the United States of America.
New York is a state in the northeastern United States.
New Zealand (Aotearoa) is a sovereign island country in the southwestern Pacific Ocean.
Newsweek is an American weekly magazine founded in 1933.
The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (Nobelpriset i fysiologi eller medicin), administered by the Nobel Foundation, is awarded once a year for outstanding discoveries in the fields of life sciences and medicine.
Non-governmental organizations, nongovernmental organizations, or nongovernment organizations, commonly referred to as NGOs, are usually non-profit and sometimes international organizations independent of governments and international governmental organizations (though often funded by governments) that are active in humanitarian, educational, health care, public policy, social, human rights, environmental, and other areas to effect changes according to their objectives.
North Carolina is a U.S. state in the southeastern region of the United States.
North Dakota is a U.S. state in the midwestern and northern regions of the United States.
Ohio is a Midwestern state in the Great Lakes region of the United States.
Oklahoma (Uukuhuúwa, Gahnawiyoˀgeh) is a state in the South Central region of the United States.
The Old Testament (abbreviated OT) is the first part of Christian Bibles, based primarily upon the Hebrew Bible (or Tanakh), a collection of ancient religious writings by the Israelites believed by most Christians and religious Jews to be the sacred Word of God.
The term opt-out refers to several methods by which individuals can avoid receiving unsolicited product or service information.
Oregon is a state in the Pacific Northwest region on the West Coast of the United States.
Organs are collections of tissues with similar functions.
Organ donation is when a person allows an organ of theirs to be removed, legally, either by consent while the donor is alive or after death with the assent of the next of kin.
In December 2006, The UK Government set up the Organ Donation Taskforce to identify barriers to organ donation and recommend actions needed to increase organ donation and procurement within the current legal framework.
Organ theft was considered a belief and a popular urban legend topic that an organized scheme exists to steal human organs for the purpose of transplantation and being sold to the highest bidder.
Organ trade is the trade of human organs, tissues or other body parts for the purpose of transplantation.
Organ transplantation is a medical procedure in which an organ is removed from one body and placed in the body of a recipient, to replace a damaged or missing organ.
Organ transplantation in China has taken place since the 1960s, and is one of the largest organ transplant programmes in the world, peaking at over 13,000 transplants a year in 2004.
Organ transplantation in Israel has historically been low compared to other Western countries due to a common belief that organ donation is prohibited under Jewish law.
Organ transplantation in Japan is regulated by the 1997 Organ Transplant Law which legalized organ procurement from "brain dead" donors.
Orthodox Judaism is a collective term for the traditionalist branches of Judaism, which seek to maximally maintain the received Jewish beliefs and observances and which coalesced in opposition to the various challenges of modernity and secularization.
A pancreas transplant is an organ transplant that involves implanting a healthy pancreas (one that can produce insulin) into a person who usually has diabetes.
Pennsylvania (Pennsylvania German: Pennsylvaani or Pennsilfaani), officially the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, is a state located in the northeastern and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States.
Poland (Polska), officially the Republic of Poland (Rzeczpospolita Polska), is a country located in Central Europe.
Portugal, officially the Portuguese Republic (República Portuguesa),In recognized minority languages of Portugal: Portugal is the oldest state in the Iberian Peninsula and one of the oldest in Europe, its territory having been continuously settled, invaded and fought over since prehistoric times.
Reactance is a motivational reaction to offers, persons, rules, or regulations that threaten or eliminate specific behavioral freedoms.
Rhineland-Palatinate (Rheinland-Pfalz) is one of the 16 states (Bundesländer) of the Federal Republic of Germany.
Rhode Island, officially the State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, is a state in the New England region of the United States.
Richard J. Herrick (June 15, 1931 – March 14, 1963) was the world's first recipient of a successful human organ transplant, receiving a kidney from his identical twin brother Ronald Lee Herrick in an operation performed by Joseph Murray in 1954.
The Romani (also spelled Romany), or Roma, are a traditionally itinerant ethnic group, living mostly in Europe and the Americas and originating from the northern Indian subcontinent, from the Rajasthan, Haryana, Punjab and Sindh regions of modern-day India and Pakistan.
The Rutgers Law Review was a quarterly, scholarly journal focusing on legal issues, published by an organization of second- and third-year law students at the former Rutgers School of Law–Newark, in Newark, New Jersey.
Scientific American (informally abbreviated SciAm) is an American popular science magazine.
or kami-no-michi (among other names) is the traditional religion of Japan that focuses on ritual practices to be carried out diligently to establish a connection between present-day Japan and its ancient past.
Singapore, officially the Republic of Singapore, is a sovereign city-state and island country in Southeast Asia.
Skin grafting is a type of graft surgery involving the transplantation of skin.
South Carolina is a U.S. state in the southeastern region of the United States.
South Dakota is a U.S. state in the Midwestern region of the United States.
Spain (España), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Reino de España), is a sovereign state mostly located on the Iberian Peninsula in Europe.
Sport Club do Recife (known as Sport and Sport Recife, abbreviated as SCR) is a Brazilian sports club, located in the city of Recife, in the state of Pernambuco.
Sri Lanka Eye Donation Society (ශ්රී ලංකා අක්ෂිදාන සංගමය, இலங்கை கண் தானச்சங்கம்) is a non-governmental organization involved in donating human eyes and tissues for transplantation.
Suicide is the act of intentionally causing one's own death.
Surgery (from the χειρουργική cheirourgikē (composed of χείρ, "hand", and ἔργον, "work"), via chirurgiae, meaning "hand work") is a medical specialty that uses operative manual and instrumental techniques on a patient to investigate or treat a pathological condition such as a disease or injury, to help improve bodily function or appearance or to repair unwanted ruptured areas.
Tamil Nadu (• tamiḻ nāḍu ? literally 'The Land of Tamils' or 'Tamil Country') is one of the 29 states of India.
The Tanakh (or; also Tenakh, Tenak, Tanach), also called the Mikra or Hebrew Bible, is the canonical collection of Jewish texts, which is also a textual source for the Christian Old Testament.
C.K. Tang Limited is a company that specializes within Singapore’s retail market, with its flagship store TANGS located on Orchard Road, Singapore.
Teleology or finality is a reason or explanation for something in function of its end, purpose, or goal.
Tennessee (translit) is a state located in the southeastern region of the United States.
The BMJ is a weekly peer-reviewed medical journal.
The Economist is an English-language weekly magazine-format newspaper owned by the Economist Group and edited at offices in London.
The Guardian is a British daily newspaper.
The Hindu is an Indian daily newspaper, headquartered at Chennai.
The Indian Express is an English-language Indian daily newspaper.
The Journal of Urology is a peer-reviewed medical journal covering urology published by Elsevier on behalf of the American Urological Association.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
The Sydney Morning Herald (SMH) is a daily compact newspaper published by Fairfax Media in Sydney, Australia.
The Times is a British daily (Monday to Saturday) national newspaper based in London, England.
The Times of India (TOI) is an Indian English-language daily newspaper owned by The Times Group.
The Wall Street Journal is a U.S. business-focused, English-language international daily newspaper based in New York City.
The Washington Post is a major American daily newspaper founded on December 6, 1877.
Transplant rejection occurs when transplanted tissue is rejected by the recipient's immune system, which destroys the transplanted tissue.
A transplant surgeon is a surgeon who performs organ transplants.
Transplantable organs and tissues may both refer to organs and tissues that are relatively often or routinely transplanted (here "main organs and tissues"), as well as relatively seldom transplanted organs and tissues and ones on the experimental stage.
Narrative transportation theory proposes that when people lose themselves in a story, their attitudes and intentions change to reflect that story.
The Uniform Anatomical Gift Act (UAGA), and its periodic revisions, is one of the Uniform Acts drafted by the National Conference of Commissioners on Uniform State Laws (NCCUSL), also known as the Uniform Law Commission (ULC), in the United States with the intention of harmonizing state laws between the states.
The Uniform Determination of Death Act (UDDA) is a model state law that was approved for the United States in 1981 by the National Conference of Commissioners on Uniform State Laws, in cooperation with the American Medical Association, the American Bar Association, and the President's Commission for the Study of Ethical Problems in Medicine and Biomedical and Behavioral Research.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
Located in Richmond, Virginia, the United Network for Organ Sharing (UNOS) is a non-profit, scientific and educational organization that administers the only Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network (OPTN) in the United States, established by the U.S. Congress in 1984 by Gene A. Pierce, founder of UNOS.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
The University of Maryland School of Medicine (abbreviated UM SOM or UMB SOM), located in Baltimore City, Maryland, U.S., is the medical school of the University of Maryland, Baltimore and is affiliated with the University of Maryland Medical Center and Medical System.
Utah is a state in the western United States.
Utilitarianism is an ethical theory that states that the best action is the one that maximizes utility.
Vermont is a state in the New England region of the northeastern United States.
Virginia (officially the Commonwealth of Virginia) is a state in the Southeastern and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States located between the Atlantic Coast and the Appalachian Mountains.
Wales (Cymru) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and the island of Great Britain.
Washington, D.C., formally the District of Columbia and commonly referred to as Washington or D.C., is the capital of the United States of America.
West Virginia is a state located in the Appalachian region of the Southern United States.
Wired is a monthly American magazine, published in print and online editions, that focuses on how emerging technologies affect culture, the economy, and politics.
Wisconsin is a U.S. state located in the north-central United States, in the Midwest and Great Lakes regions.
Wyoming is a state in the mountain region of the western United States.
Xenotransplantation (xenos- from the Greek meaning "foreign"), is the transplantation of living cells, tissues or organs from one species to another.
Zee News is an Indian news channel launched in 6 July 1999 and is the flagship property of Zee Media Corporation Limited, company and a subsidiary of Essel Group.The channel is owned by Subhash Chandra, an independent member of the Rajya Sabha.
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