66 relations: Acetic acid, Acid strength, Acid-base extraction, Amino acid, Aminomethylphosphonic acid, Antimicrobial, Aromaticity, Benzoic acid, Bicarbonate, Bile, Butyric acid, Campylobacter, Carbonate, Carbonic acid, Carbonylation, Carboxylic acid, Chemical burn, Chlorosulfuric acid, Citric acid, Citric acid cycle, Clostridium perfringens, Diprotic acid, DNA, Enol, Escherichia coli, Ethylene, Fatty acid, Food preservation, Formic acid, Hexanoic acid, Hydroxy group, Inorganic compound, International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry, Lactic acid, Listeria monocytogenes, Malic acid, Methanol, Miscibility, Nucleic acid, Oleic acid, Organic base, Organic compound, Oxalic acid, P-Toluenesulfonic acid, P-Xylene, Phenol, Phenols, Phosphoric acid, Phosphorous acid, Polyvinyl acetate, ..., Potassium lactate, Propionic acid, Redox, RNA, Salmonella, Sodium lactate, Sulfonic acid, Sulfur trioxide, Sulfuric acid, Superacid, Taurine, Terephthalic acid, Thiol, Triflic acid, Uric acid, Valeric acid. Expand index (16 more) » « Shrink index
Acetic acid, systematically named ethanoic acid, is a colourless liquid organic compound with the chemical formula CH3COOH (also written as CH3CO2H or C2H4O2).
The strength of an acid refers to its ability or tendency to lose a proton (H+).
Acid-base extraction is a procedure using sequential liquid–liquid extractions to purify acids and bases from mixtures based on their chemical properties.
Amino acids are organic compounds containing amine (-NH2) and carboxyl (-COOH) functional groups, along with a side chain (R group) specific to each amino acid.
Aminomethylphosphonic acid (AMPA) is a weak organic acid with a phosphonic acid group.
An antimicrobial is an agent that kills microorganisms or stops their growth.
In organic chemistry, the term aromaticity is used to describe a cyclic (ring-shaped), planar (flat) molecule with a ring of resonance bonds that exhibits more stability than other geometric or connective arrangements with the same set of atoms.
Benzoic acid, C7H6O2 (or C6H5COOH), is a colorless crystalline solid and a simple aromatic carboxylic acid.
In inorganic chemistry, bicarbonate (IUPAC-recommended nomenclature: hydrogencarbonate) is an intermediate form in the deprotonation of carbonic acid.
Bile or gall is a dark green to yellowish brown fluid, produced by the liver of most vertebrates, that aids the digestion of lipids in the small intestine.
Butyric acid (from βούτῡρον, meaning "butter"), also known under the systematic name butanoic acid, abbreviated BTA, is a carboxylic acid with the structural formula CH3CH2CH2-COOH.
Campylobacter (meaning "curved bacteria") is a genus of Gram-negative bacteria.
In chemistry, a carbonate is a salt of carbonic acid (H2CO3), characterized by the presence of the carbonate ion, a polyatomic ion with the formula of.
Carbonic acid is a chemical compound with the chemical formula H2CO3 (equivalently OC(OH)2).
Carbonylation refers to reactions that introduce carbon monoxide into organic and inorganic substrates.
A carboxylic acid is an organic compound that contains a carboxyl group (C(.
A chemical burn occurs when living tissue is exposed to a corrosive substance such as a strong acid or base.
Chlorosulfuric acid (IUPAC name: sulfurochloridic acid) is the inorganic compound with the formula HSO3Cl.
Citric acid is a weak organic acid that has the chemical formula.
The citric acid cycle (CAC) – also known as the tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle or the Krebs cycle – is a series of chemical reactions used by all aerobic organisms to release stored energy through the oxidation of acetyl-CoA derived from carbohydrates, fats, and proteins into carbon dioxide and chemical energy in the form of adenosine triphosphate (ATP).
Clostridium perfringens (formerly known as C. welchii, or Bacillus welchii) is a Gram-positive, rod-shaped, anaerobic, spore-forming pathogenic bacterium of the genus Clostridium.
In chemistry, diprotic acid is a class of Arrhenius acids which are capable of donating two protons or hydrogen cations per molecule when dissociating in aqueous solutions.
Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) is a thread-like chain of nucleotides carrying the genetic instructions used in the growth, development, functioning and reproduction of all known living organisms and many viruses.
Enols, or more formally, alkenols, are a type of reactive structure or intermediate in organic chemistry that is represented as an alkene (olefin) with a hydroxyl group attached to one end of the alkene double bond.
Escherichia coli (also known as E. coli) is a Gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped, coliform bacterium of the genus Escherichia that is commonly found in the lower intestine of warm-blooded organisms (endotherms).
Ethylene (IUPAC name: ethene) is a hydrocarbon which has the formula or H2C.
In chemistry, particularly in biochemistry, a fatty acid is a carboxylic acid with a long aliphatic chain, which is either saturated or unsaturated.
Food preservation prevents the growth of microorganisms (such as yeasts), or other microorganisms (although some methods work by introducing benign bacteria or fungi to the food), as well as slowing the oxidation of fats that cause rancidity.
Formic acid, systematically named methanoic acid, is the simplest carboxylic acid.
Hexanoic acid (caproic acid) is the carboxylic acid derived from hexane with the chemical formula.
A hydroxy or hydroxyl group is the entity with the formula OH.
An inorganic compound is typically a chemical compound that lacks C-H bonds, that is, a compound that is not an organic compound, but the distinction is not defined or even of particular interest.
The International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) is an international federation of National Adhering Organizations that represents chemists in individual countries.
Lactic acid is an organic compound with the formula CH3CH(OH)COOH.
Listeria monocytogenes is the species of pathogenic bacteria that causes the infection listeriosis.
Malic acid is an organic compound with the molecular formula C4H6O5.
Methanol, also known as methyl alcohol among others, is a chemical with the formula CH3OH (a methyl group linked to a hydroxyl group, often abbreviated MeOH).
Miscibility is the property of substances to mix in all proportions (that is, to fully dissolve in each other at any concentration), forming a homogeneous solution.
Nucleic acids are biopolymers, or small biomolecules, essential to all known forms of life.
Oleic acid is a fatty acid that occurs naturally in various animal and vegetable fats and oils.
An organic base is an organic compound which acts as a base.
In chemistry, an organic compound is generally any chemical compound that contains carbon.
Oxalic acid is an organic compound with the formula C2H2O4.
p-Toluenesulfonic acid (PTSA or pTsOH) or tosylic acid (TsOH) is an organic compound with the formula CH3C6H4SO3H.
p-Xylene (''para''-xylene) is an aromatic hydrocarbon.
Phenol, also known as phenolic acid, is an aromatic organic compound with the molecular formula C6H5OH.
In organic chemistry, phenols, sometimes called phenolics, are a class of chemical compounds consisting of a hydroxyl group (—OH) bonded directly to an aromatic hydrocarbon group.
Phosphoric acid (also known as orthophosphoric acid or phosphoric(V) acid) is a mineral (inorganic) and weak acid having the chemical formula H3PO4.
Phosphorous acid is the compound described by the formula H3PO3.
Poly(vinyl acetate) (PVA, PVAc, poly(ethenyl ethanoate): commonly referred to as wood glue, white glue, carpenter's glue, school glue, Elmer's glue in the US, or PVA glue) is an aliphatic rubbery synthetic polymer with the formula (C4H6O2)n.
Potassium lactate is a compound with formula KC3H5O3, or H3C-CHOH-COOK.
Propionic acid (from the Greek words protos, meaning "first", and pion, meaning "fat"; also known as propanoic acid) is a naturally occurring carboxylic acid with chemical formula C2H5COOH.
Redox (short for reduction–oxidation reaction) (pronunciation: or) is a chemical reaction in which the oxidation states of atoms are changed.
Ribonucleic acid (RNA) is a polymeric molecule essential in various biological roles in coding, decoding, regulation, and expression of genes.
Salmonella is a genus of rod-shaped (bacillus) Gram-negative bacteria of the family Enterobacteriaceae.
Sodium lactate is the sodium salt of lactic acid, and has a mild saline taste.
A sulfonic acid (or sulphonic acid) refers to a member of the class of organosulfur compounds with the general formula R−S(.
Sulfur trioxide (alternative spelling sulphur trioxide) is the chemical compound with the formula SO3.
Sulfuric acid (alternative spelling sulphuric acid) is a mineral acid with molecular formula H2SO4.
According to the classical definition, a superacid is an acid with an acidity greater than that of 100% pure sulfuric acid, which has a Hammett acidity function (H0) of −12.
Terephthalic acid is an organic compound with formula C6H4(CO2H)2.
Thiol is an organosulfur compound that contains a carbon-bonded sulfhydryl (R–SH) group (where R represents an alkyl or other organic substituent).
Triflic acid, also known as trifluoromethanesulfonic acid, TFMS, TFSA, HOTf or TfOH, is a sulfonic acid with the chemical formula CF3SO3H.
Uric acid is a heterocyclic compound of carbon, nitrogen, oxygen, and hydrogen with the formula C5H4N4O3.
Valeric acid, or pentanoic acid, is a straight-chain alkyl carboxylic acid with the chemical formula.