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Organic synthesis

Index Organic synthesis

Organic synthesis is a special branch of chemical synthesis and is concerned with the intentional construction of organic compounds. [1]

49 relations: Catalysis, Chemical reaction, Chemical Society Reviews, Chemical synthesis, Chiral resolution, Convergent synthesis, Danishefsky Taxol total synthesis, Discovery (observation), Electrosynthesis, Elias James Corey, Enantiomer, Enantioselective synthesis, Holton Taxol total synthesis, Hydrogenation, Inorganic chemistry, John Wiley & Sons, Karl Barry Sharpless, Kinetic resolution, List of Nobel laureates in Chemistry, Mental chronometry, Methodology, Molecule, Natural product, Nature, Nicolaou Taxol total synthesis, Nobel Prize in Chemistry, Noyori asymmetric hydrogenation, Organic chemistry, Organic compound, Organic Syntheses, Paclitaxel, Petrochemical, Process optimization, Racemic mixture, Reagent, Retrosynthetic analysis, Robert Burns Woodward, Semisynthesis, Sharpless epoxidation, Solvent, Strychnine, Substrate (chemistry), Synthetic Reaction Updates, Temperature, Total synthesis, Wender Taxol total synthesis, Wiley-VCH, William Standish Knowles, Yield (chemistry).

Catalysis

Catalysis is the increase in the rate of a chemical reaction due to the participation of an additional substance called a catalysthttp://goldbook.iupac.org/C00876.html, which is not consumed in the catalyzed reaction and can continue to act repeatedly.

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Chemical reaction

A chemical reaction is a process that leads to the transformation of one set of chemical substances to another.

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Chemical Society Reviews

Chemical Society Reviews is a biweekly peer-reviewed scientific journal published by the Royal Society of Chemistry, for review articles on topics of current interest in chemistry.

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Chemical synthesis

Chemical synthesis is a purposeful execution of chemical reactions to obtain a product, or several products.

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Chiral resolution

Chiral resolution in stereochemistry is a process for the separation of racemic compounds into their enantiomers.

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Convergent synthesis

In chemistry a convergent synthesis is a strategy that aims to improve the efficiency of multistep synthesis, most often in organic synthesis.

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Danishefsky Taxol total synthesis

The Danishefsky Taxol total synthesis in organic chemistry is an important third Taxol synthesis published by the group of Samuel Danishefsky in 1996 two years after the first two efforts described in the Holton Taxol total synthesis and the Nicolaou Taxol total synthesis.

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Discovery (observation)

Discovery is the act of detecting something new, or something "old" that had been unrecognized as meaningful.

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Electrosynthesis

Electrosynthesis in chemistry is the synthesis of chemical compounds in an electrochemical cell.

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Elias James Corey

Elias James "E.J." Corey (born July 12, 1928) is an American organic chemist.

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Enantiomer

In chemistry, an enantiomer, also known as an optical isomer (and archaically termed antipode or optical antipode), is one of two stereoisomers that are mirror images of each other that are non-superposable (not identical), much as one's left and right hands are the same except for being reversed along one axis (the hands cannot be made to appear identical simply by reorientation).

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Enantioselective synthesis

Enantioselective synthesis, also called asymmetric synthesis, is a form of chemical synthesis.

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Holton Taxol total synthesis

The Holton Taxol total synthesis, published by Robert A. Holton and his group at Florida State University in 1994 was the first total synthesis of Taxol (generic name: paclitaxel).

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Hydrogenation

Hydrogenation – to treat with hydrogen – is a chemical reaction between molecular hydrogen (H2) and another compound or element, usually in the presence of a catalyst such as nickel, palladium or platinum.

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Inorganic chemistry

Inorganic chemistry deals with the synthesis and behavior of inorganic and organometallic compounds.

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John Wiley & Sons

John Wiley & Sons, Inc., also referred to as Wiley, is a global publishing company that specializes in academic publishing.

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Karl Barry Sharpless

Karl Barry Sharpless (born April 28, 1941) is an American chemist known for his work on stereoselective reactions.

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Kinetic resolution

In organic chemistry, kinetic resolution is a means of differentiating two enantiomers in a racemic mixture.

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List of Nobel laureates in Chemistry

The Nobel Prize in Chemistry (Nobelpriset i kemi) is awarded annually by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences to scientists in the various fields of chemistry.

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Mental chronometry

Mental chronometry is the use of response time in perceptual-motor tasks to infer the content, duration, and temporal sequencing of cognitive operations.

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Methodology

Methodology is the systematic, theoretical analysis of the methods applied to a field of study.

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Molecule

A molecule is an electrically neutral group of two or more atoms held together by chemical bonds.

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Natural product

A natural product is a chemical compound or substance produced by a living organism—that is, found in nature.

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Nature

Nature, in the broadest sense, is the natural, physical, or material world or universe.

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Nicolaou Taxol total synthesis

The Nicolaou Taxol total synthesis, published by K. C. Nicolaou and his group in 1994 concerns the total synthesis of Taxol.

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Nobel Prize in Chemistry

The Nobel Prize in Chemistry (Nobelpriset i kemi) is awarded annually by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences to scientists in the various fields of chemistry.

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Noyori asymmetric hydrogenation

In chemistry, the Noyori asymmetric hydrogenation of ketones is a chemical reaction for the enantioselective hydrogenation of ketones, aldehydes, and imines.

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Organic chemistry

Organic chemistry is a chemistry subdiscipline involving the scientific study of the structure, properties, and reactions of organic compounds and organic materials, i.e., matter in its various forms that contain carbon atoms.

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Organic compound

In chemistry, an organic compound is generally any chemical compound that contains carbon.

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Organic Syntheses

Organic Syntheses is a peer-reviewed scientific journal that was established in 1921.

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Paclitaxel

Paclitaxel (PTX), sold under the brand name Taxol among others, is a chemotherapy medication used to treat a number of types of cancer.

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Petrochemical

Petrochemicals (also known as petroleum distillates) are chemical products derived from petroleum.

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Process optimization

Process optimization is the discipline of adjusting a process so as to optimize some specified set of parameters without violating some constraint.

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Racemic mixture

In chemistry, a racemic mixture, or racemate, is one that has equal amounts of left- and right-handed enantiomers of a chiral molecule.

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Reagent

A reagent is a substance or compound added to a system to cause a chemical reaction, or added to test if a reaction occurs.

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Retrosynthetic analysis

Retrosynthetic analysis is a technique for solving problems in the planning of organic syntheses.

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Robert Burns Woodward

Robert Burns Woodward (April 10, 1917 – July 8, 1979) was an American organic chemist.

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Semisynthesis

Semisynthesis or partial chemical synthesis is a type of chemical synthesis that uses chemical compounds isolated from natural sources (e.g., microbial cell cultures or plant material) as the starting materials to produce other novel compounds with distinct chemical and medicinal properties.

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Sharpless epoxidation

The Sharpless epoxidation reaction is an enantioselective chemical reaction to prepare 2,3-epoxyalcohols from primary and secondary allylic alcohols.

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Solvent

A solvent (from the Latin solvō, "loosen, untie, solve") is a substance that dissolves a solute (a chemically distinct liquid, solid or gas), resulting in a solution.

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Strychnine

Strychnine (also or) is a highly toxic, colorless, bitter, crystalline alkaloid used as a pesticide, particularly for killing small vertebrates such as birds and rodents.

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Substrate (chemistry)

In chemistry, a substrate is typically the chemical species being observed in a chemical reaction, which reacts with a reagent to generate a product.

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Synthetic Reaction Updates

Synthetic Reaction Updates is a current-awareness bibliographic database from the Royal Society of Chemistry that provides alerts of recently published developments in synthetic organic chemistry.

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Temperature

Temperature is a physical quantity expressing hot and cold.

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Total synthesis

Total synthesis is the complete chemical synthesis of a complex molecule, often a natural product, from simple, commercially available precursors.

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Wender Taxol total synthesis

The Wender Taxol total synthesis in organic chemistry describes a Taxol total synthesis (one of six to date) by the group of Paul Wender at Stanford University published in 1997.

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Wiley-VCH

Wiley-VCH is a German publisher owned by John Wiley & Sons.

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William Standish Knowles

William Standish Knowles (June 1, 1917 – June 13, 2012) was an American chemist.

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Yield (chemistry)

In chemistry, yield, also referred to as reaction yield, is the amount of product obtained in a chemical reaction.

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Redirects here:

Synthesis of organic chemicals.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Organic_synthesis

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