111 relations: Activity theory, Actor–network theory, Affinity group, Charitable organization, Clodomir Santos de Morais, Club (organization), Coalition, Collective, Collective intelligence, Committee, Common law, Communication, Company, Competition, Complex system, Complexity theory and organizations, Condorcet's jury theorem, Contingency theory, Cooperative, Corporation, Critical management studies, Critical theory, Decentralized autonomous organization, Degrees of freedom (physics and chemistry), Division of labour, Ecology, Economic sociology, Economics, Economy and Society, Ecoregion, Ecosystem, Educational institution, Enterprise architecture, Entity, Financial transaction, Formal organization, Frederick Winslow Taylor, Garbage can model, GlaxoSmithKline, Goal, Government, Hierarchical organization, Human, Hybrid organization, Industrial and organizational psychology, Informal organization, Institution, International organization, Job, Jury, ..., Laurence J. Peter, Leadership, List of designated terrorist groups, List of environmental organizations, List of general fraternities, List of international professional associations, List of pacifist organisations, List of trade unions, Management, Management science, Maturity model, Max Weber, Military, Modernity, Multidimensional organization, Mutual organization, Non-governmental organization, Nonprofit organization, Organ (anatomy), Organisation's goals, Organization workshop, Organizational behavior, Organizational communication, Organizational structure, Organizational studies, Organized crime, Parliament, Partnership, Person, Peter principle, Pharmaceutical industry, Political organisation, Political science, Principal–agent problem, Private sector, Product (business), Profit (accounting), Psychology, Public sector, Pyramid, Raymond Hull, Requisite organization, Resistance movement, Robert's Rules of Order, Ronald Coase, Satire, Scientific management, Secret society, Service club, Size of groups, organizations, and communities, Social entrepreneurship, Social relation, Sociology, Strategic management, Structural functionalism, Structure, The Guardian, The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics, Umbrella organization, Voluntary association, Workflow. Expand index (61 more) » « Shrink index
Activity theory (AT; Теория деятельности) is an umbrella term for a line of eclectic social sciences theories and research with its roots in the Soviet psychological activity theory pioneered by Lev Vygotsky, Alexei Leont'ev and Sergei Rubinstein.
Actor–network theory (ANT) is a theoretical and methodological approach to social theory where everything in the social and natural worlds exists in constantly shifting networks of relationship.
An affinity group is a group formed around a shared interest or common goal, to which individuals formally or informally belong.
A charitable organization or charity is a non-profit organization (NPO) whose primary objectives are philanthropy and social well-being (e.g. charitable, educational, religious, or other activities serving the public interest or common good).
Clodomir Santos de Morais, PhD (30 September 1928 – 25 March 2016), was a Brazilian sociologist who originated the Organization Workshop (OW) and the associated Activity-based Large Group Capacitation Method (LGCM).
A club is an association of two or more people united by a common interest or goal.
The term "coalition" is the denotation for a group formed when two or more persons, faction, states, political parties, militaries etc.
A collective is a group of entities that share or are motivated by at least one common issue or interest, or work together to achieve a common objective.
Collective intelligence (CI) is shared or group intelligence that emerges from the collaboration, collective efforts, and competition of many individuals and appears in consensus decision making.
A committee (or "commission") is a body of one or more persons that is subordinate to a deliberative assembly.
Common law (also known as judicial precedent or judge-made law, or case law) is that body of law derived from judicial decisions of courts and similar tribunals.
Communication (from Latin commūnicāre, meaning "to share") is the act of conveying intended meanings from one entity or group to another through the use of mutually understood signs and semiotic rules.
A company, abbreviated as co., is a legal entity made up of an association of people for carrying on a commercial or industrial enterprise.
Competition is, in general, a contest or rivalry between two or more entities, organisms, animals, individuals, economic groups or social groups, etc., for territory, a niche, for scarce resources, goods, for mates, for prestige, recognition, for awards, for group or social status, or for leadership and profit.
A complex system is a system composed of many components which may interact with each other.
Complexity theory and organizations, also called complexity strategy or complex adaptive organizations, is the use of the study of complexity systems in the field of strategic management and organizational studies.
Condorcet's jury theorem is a political science theorem about the relative probability of a given group of individuals arriving at a correct decision.
A contingency theory is an organizational theory that claims that there is no best way to organize a corporation, to lead a company, or to make decisions.
A cooperative (also known as co-operative, co-op, or coop) is "an autonomous association of persons united voluntarily to meet their common economic, social, and cultural needs and aspirations through a jointly-owned and democratically-controlled enterprise".
A corporation is a company or group of people or an organisation authorized to act as a single entity (legally a person) and recognized as such in law.
Critical management studies (CMS) is a loose but extensive grouping of theoretically informed critiques of management, business and organisation, grounded originally in a critical theory perspective.
Critical theory is a school of thought that stresses the reflective assessment and critique of society and culture by applying knowledge from the social sciences and the humanities.
A decentralized autonomous organization (DAO), sometimes labeled a decentralized autonomous corporation (DAC), is an organization that is run through rules encoded as computer programs called smart contracts.
In physics, a degree of freedom is an independent physical parameter in the formal description of the state of a physical system.
The division of labour is the separation of tasks in any system so that participants may specialize.
Ecology (from οἶκος, "house", or "environment"; -λογία, "study of") is the branch of biology which studies the interactions among organisms and their environment.
Economic sociology is the study of the social cause and effect of various economic phenomena.
Economics is the social science that studies the production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services.
Economy and Society is a book by political economist and sociologist Max Weber, published posthumously in Germany in 1922 by his wife Marianne.
An ecoregion (ecological region) is an ecologically and geographically defined area that is smaller than a bioregion, which in turn is smaller than an ecozone.
An ecosystem is a community made up of living organisms and nonliving components such as air, water, and mineral soil.
An educational institution is a place where people of different ages gain an education.
Enterprise architecture (EA) is "a well-defined practice for conducting enterprise analysis, design, planning, and implementation, using a comprehensive approach at all times, for the successful development and execution of strategy.
An entity is something that exists as itself, as a subject or as an object, actually or potentially, concretely or abstractly, physically or not.
A financial transaction is an agreement, or communication, carried out between a buyer and a seller to exchange an asset for payment.
A Formal organization is an organization with a fixed set of rules of intra-organization procedures and structures.
Frederick Winslow Taylor (March 20, 1856 – March 21, 1915) was an American mechanical engineer who sought to improve industrial efficiency.
The garbage can model (also known as garbage can process, or garbage can theory) describes the chaotic reality of organizational decision making in an organized anarchy.
GlaxoSmithKline plc (GSK) is a British pharmaceutical company headquartered in Brentford, London.
A goal is an idea of the future or desired result that a person or a group of people envisions, plans and commits to achieve.
A government is the system or group of people governing an organized community, often a state.
A hierarchical organization is an organizational structure where every entity in the organization, except one, is subordinate to a single other entity.
Humans (taxonomically Homo sapiens) are the only extant members of the subtribe Hominina.
A hybrid organization is an organization that mixes elements, value systems and action logics (e.g. social impact and profit generation) of various sectors of society, i.e. the public sector, the private sector and the voluntary sector.
Industrial and organizational psychology (I/O psychology), which is also known as occupational psychology, organizational psychology, and work and organizational psychology, is an applied discipline within psychology.
The informal organization is the interlocking social structure that governs how people work together in practice.
Institutions are "stable, valued, recurring patterns of behavior".
An international organization is an organization with an international membership, scope, or presence.
A job, or occupation, is a person's role in society.
A jury is a sworn body of people convened to render an impartial verdict (a finding of fact on a question) officially submitted to them by a court, or to set a penalty or judgment.
Laurence Johnston Peter (September 16, 1919 – January 12, 1990) was a Canadian educator and "hierarchiologist" best known to the general public for the formulation of the Peter principle.
Leadership is both a research area and a practical skill encompassing the ability of an individual or organization to "lead" or guide other individuals, teams, or entire organizations.
This is a list of designated terrorist groups by national governments, former governments, and inter-governmental organizations, where the proscription has a significant effect on the group's activities.
This is a list of environmental organizations by organization type (intergovernmental, governmental or non-governmental) and further subdivided by country.
A fraternity or fraternal organization is an organized society of men associated together in an environment of companionship and brotherhood; dedicated to the intellectual, physical, and social development of its members.
This is a list of professional associations which are international organizations.
A Pacifist organization promotes the pacifist principle of renouncing war and violence for political ends.
This is a list of trade unions and union federations by country.
Management (or managing) is the administration of an organization, whether it is a business, a not-for-profit organization, or government body.
Management science (MS), is the broad interdisciplinary study of problem solving and decision making in human organizations, with strong links to management, economics, business, engineering, management consulting, and other sciences.
Maturity is a measurement of the ability of an organization for continuous improvement in a particular discipline (as defined in O-ISM3). The higher the maturity, the higher will be the chances that incidents or errors will lead to improvements either in the quality or in the use of the resources of the discipline as implemented by the organization.
Maximilian Karl Emil "Max" Weber (21 April 1864 – 14 June 1920) was a German sociologist, philosopher, jurist, and political economist.
A military or armed force is a professional organization formally authorized by a sovereign state to use lethal or deadly force and weapons to support the interests of the state.
Modernity, a topic in the humanities and social sciences, is both a historical period (the modern era), as well as the ensemble of particular socio-cultural norms, attitudes and practices that arose in the wake of Renaissance, in the "Age of Reason" of 17th-century thought and the 18th-century "Enlightenment".
A multidimensional organization is an organization that pursues its objectives simultaneously through multiple dimensions (product, region, account, market segment).
A mutual, mutual organization, or mutual society is an organization (which is often, but not always, a company or business) based on the principle of mutuality.
Non-governmental organizations, nongovernmental organizations, or nongovernment organizations, commonly referred to as NGOs, are usually non-profit and sometimes international organizations independent of governments and international governmental organizations (though often funded by governments) that are active in humanitarian, educational, health care, public policy, social, human rights, environmental, and other areas to effect changes according to their objectives.
A non-profit organization (NPO), also known as a non-business entity or non-profit institution, is dedicated to furthering a particular social cause or advocating for a shared point of view.
Organs are collections of tissues with similar functions.
Organisational goals – the goals that the organisation tries to achieve, intentions on which the organisation's decisions and actions are based.
The Organization workshop (OW) – or "Laboratorio Organizacional" (LO) in both Portuguese and Spanish – is a CHAT-based learning event where participants master new organizational as well as social knowledge and skills through a learning-by-doing approach.
Organizational behavior (OB) or organisational behaviour is "the study of human behavior in organizational settings, the interface between human behavior and the organization, and the organization itself".
In communication studies, organizational communication is the study of communication within organizations.
An organizational structure defines how activities such as task allocation, coordination and supervision are directed toward the achievement of organizational aims.
Organizational studies is "the examination of how individuals construct organizational structures, processes, and practices and how these, in turn, shape social relations and create institutions that ultimately influence people", organizational studies comprise different areas that deal with the different aspects of the organizations, many of the approaches are functionalist but critical research also provide alternative frame for understanding in the field.
Organized crime is a category of transnational, national, or local groupings of highly centralized enterprises run by criminals who intend to engage in illegal activity, most commonly for money and profit.
In modern politics and history, a parliament is a legislative body of government.
A partnership is an arrangement where parties, known as partners, agree to cooperate to advance their mutual interests.
A person is a being that has certain capacities or attributes such as reason, morality, consciousness or self-consciousness, and being a part of a culturally established form of social relations such as kinship, ownership of property, or legal responsibility.
The Peter principle is a concept in management developed by Laurence J. Peter, which observes that people in a hierarchy tend to rise to their "level of incompetence".
The pharmaceutical industry (or medicine industry) is the commercial industry that discovers, develops, produces, and markets drugs or pharmaceutical drugs for use as different types of medicine and medications.
A political organisation or political organization is any organization that involves itself in the political process, including political parties, non-governmental organizations, advocacy groups and special interest groups.
Political science is a social science which deals with systems of governance, and the analysis of political activities, political thoughts, and political behavior.
The principal–agent problem, in political science and economics, (also known as agency dilemma or the agency problem) occurs when one person or entity (the "agent") is able to make decisions and/or take actions on behalf of, or that impact, another person or entity: the "principal".
The private sector is the part of the economy, sometimes referred to as the citizen sector, which is run by private individuals or groups, usually as a means of enterprise for profit, and is not controlled by the State.
In marketing, a product is anything that can be offered to a market that might satisfy a want or need.
Profit, in accounting, is an income distributed to the owner in a profitable market production process (business).
Psychology is the science of behavior and mind, including conscious and unconscious phenomena, as well as feeling and thought.
The public sector (also called the state sector) is the part of the economy composed of both public services and public enterprises.
A pyramid (from πυραμίς) is a structure whose outer surfaces are triangular and converge to a single point at the top, making the shape roughly a pyramid in the geometric sense.
Raymond Hull (1919–1985) was a Canadian playwright, television screenwriter, and lecturer.
Requisite organization (RO) is a term and methodology developed by Elliott Jaques and Cathryn Cason as a result of the research in stratified systems theory, general theory of bureaucracy, work complexity and human capability over 60 years.
A resistance movement is an organized effort by some portion of the civil population of a country to withstand the legally established government or an occupying power and to disrupt civil order and stability.
Robert's Rules of Order Newly Revised, commonly referred to as Robert’s Rules of Order, RONR, or simply Robert’s Rules, is the most widely used manual of parliamentary procedure in the United States.
Ronald Harry Coase (29 December 1910 – 2 September 2013) was a British economist and author.
Satire is a genre of literature, and sometimes graphic and performing arts, in which vices, follies, abuses, and shortcomings are held up to ridicule, ideally with the intent of shaming individuals, corporations, government, or society itself into improvement.
Scientific management is a theory of management that analyzes and synthesizes workflows.
A secret society is a club or an organization whose activities, events, inner functioning, or membership are concealed from non-members.
A service club or service organization is a voluntary non-profit organization where members meet regularly to perform charitable works either by direct hands-on efforts or by raising money for other organizations.
Size (the number of people involved) is an important characteristic of the groups, organizations, and communities in which social behavior occurs.
Social entrepreneurship is the use of start-up companies and other entrepreneurs to develop, fund and implement solutions to social, cultural, or environmental issues.
In social science, a social relation or social interaction is any relationship between two or more individuals.
Sociology is the scientific study of society, patterns of social relationships, social interaction, and culture.
In the field of management, strategic management involves the formulation and implementation of the major goals and initiatives taken by an organization's top management on behalf of owners, based on consideration of resources and an assessment of the internal and external environments in which the organization operates.
Structural functionalism, or simply functionalism, is "a framework for building theory that sees society as a complex system whose parts work together to promote solidarity and stability".
Structure is an arrangement and organization of interrelated elements in a material object or system, or the object or system so organized.
The Guardian is a British daily newspaper.
The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics (2008), 2nd ed., is an eight-volume reference work on economics, edited by Steven N. Durlauf and Lawrence E. Blume and published by Palgrave Macmillan.
An umbrella organization is an association of (often related, industry-specific) institutions, who work together formally to coordinate activities or pool resources.
A voluntary group or union (also sometimes called a voluntary organization, common-interest association,Prins HEL et al. (2010).. Cengage Learning. association, or society) is a group of individuals who enter into an agreement, usually as volunteers, to form a body (or organization) to accomplish a purpose.
A workflow consists of an orchestrated and repeatable pattern of business activity enabled by the systematic organization of resources into processes that transform materials, provide services, or process information.
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