Logo
Unionpedia
Communication
Get it on Google Play
New! Download Unionpedia on your Android™ device!
Download
Faster access than browser!
 

Organized crime

Index Organized crime

Organized crime is a category of transnational, national, or local groupings of highly centralized enterprises run by criminals who intend to engage in illegal activity, most commonly for money and profit. [1]

310 relations: 'Ndrangheta, Adam Worth, Advance-fee scam, Adware, Africa, Al Capone, Al-Qaeda, Albanian mafia, American frontier, American Mafia, Animal Liberation Front, Antiquities, Arms trafficking, Army of God (United States), Arson, Art theft, Article 41-bis prison regime, Aryan Brotherhood, Asia, Assassination, Assault, Australian Institute of Criminology, Banditry, Bandwidth (computing), Bank robbery, Bank Secrecy Act, Barrio Azteca, BBC News, Belgium, Bid rigging, Black Liberation Army, Blackmail, Bomb, Bookmaker, Boston, Bribery, Bulgarian mafia, Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives, Business oligarch, Butch Cassidy's Wild Bunch, Cali Cartel, Camorra, Castellammarese War, Charbonneau Commission, Chicago Police Department, Child, Civil procedure, Civil society, Civilian, Cochise County Cowboys, ..., Code of silence, Coercion, Computer worm, Confidence trick, Continuing Criminal Enterprise, Contract killing, Conventional warfare, Copyright, Copyright infringement, Corporate liability, Corporation, Corsican mafia, Counterfeit, Coyotaje, Crime, Crime in Brazil, Crime in the United States, Crimes against humanity, Criminal Assets Bureau, Criminal Code (Canada), Cronyism, Cyber spying, Cybercop, Cybercrime, Debt bondage, Defence minister, Denial-of-service attack, Derivative work, Diego Gambetta, Diplomatic Security Service, Dissolution of the Soviet Union, Donald Cressey, Drug cartel, Drug Enforcement Administration, E-commerce, Earth Liberation Front, Eastern Bloc, Eastern Europe, Economic Espionage Act of 1996, Electoral fraud, Email fraud, Embezzlement, Employment, Espionage, Ethnic succession theory, Exclusive right, Extortion, Failed state, Federal Bureau of Investigation, Federal Security Service, Federal Wire Act, Fence (criminal), Financial Action Task Force on Money Laundering, Financial crime, Forced prostitution, Fraud, Fraud Enforcement and Recovery Act of 2009, Free Press (publisher), Gaming law, Gang, Gangs in the United Kingdom, Gennaro Angiulo, Germany, Golden Crescent, Golden Triangle (Southeast Asia), Goths, Government, Graft (politics), Greek mafia, Highwayman, History of Organized Crime in Saigon, Hobbs Act, House of cards, Human trafficking, Identity document forgery, Identity theft, Illegal drug trade, Illegal drug trade in Colombia, Illegal taxicab operation, Indian subcontinent, Informant, Information warfare, Insider trading, Institutionalisation, Insurance fraud, Inter Press Service, International Organization for Migration, Internet, Irish Mob, Irish Republican Army, Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant, Israel, Italy, Jamaican posse, Japan, Jewish-American organized crime, Kidnapping, Kkangpae, Kleptocracy, Kurdistan Workers' Party, Lashkar-e-Taiba, Law, Lebanese mafia, Legal person, Life (magazine), List of designated terrorist groups, List of law enforcement agencies, Loan shark, Looting, Los Angeles Police Department, Los Zetas, Maharashtra Control of Organised Crime Act, Malware, Massachusetts State Police, May 19th Communist Organization, Medellín Cartel, Mexican Drug War, Meyer Lansky, Milieu (organized crime in France), Military personnel, Money, Money laundering, Money Laundering Control Act, Money transmitter, Mongols, Motor vehicle theft, MS-13, Mungiki, Murder, Natural person, Nazi Party, Nepotism, Netherlands, Neutral country, New Jersey State Police, New York City Police Department, New York State Police, Non-combatant, Norsemen, Nuremberg trials, Offshore bank, Opium production in Afghanistan, Organ trade, Organised crime in Australia, Organised crime in India, Organised crime in Pakistan, Organized Crime Control Act, Organized crime in Italy, Organized crime in Nigeria, Organized crime in Sweden, Outlaw motorcycle club, Passport fraud, Patriarca crime family, Patriot Act, Patronage, PBS, Pennsylvania State Police, Penose, Philadelphia Police Department, Phishing, Piracy, Point shaving, Police brutality, Political corruption, Political crime, Political repression, Polizia di Stato, Power (social and political), Price fixing, Professor Moriarty, Profit (economics), Profit maximization, Prostitution, Protection racket, Protocol against the Smuggling of Migrants by Land, Sea and Air, Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, especially Women and Children, Pump and dump, Racket (crime), Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act, Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia, Revolutions of 1989, Robbery, Robert K. Merton, Romance scam, Rootkit, Royal Canadian Mounted Police, Rule of law, Russian mafia, Sabotage, Sacra Corona Unita, Satellite, Securities fraud, Security hacker, Seduction, Serious Organised Crime and Police Act 2005, Sexual assault, Shoplifting, Sicilian Mafia, Sicily, Skimming (fraud), Slavery, Smuggling, Snakehead (gang), South Asia, Spyware, State crime, Symbionese Liberation Army, Taliban, Tax haven, Tax shelter, Terrorism, Thailand, The Covenant, The Sword, and the Arm of the Lord, The Order (white supremacist group), The Pentagon, Thief in law, Thuggee, Tijuana Cartel, Title 21 of the United States Code, Tong (organization), Tony Soprano, Transnational organized crime, Treason, Triad (organized crime), TRIPS Agreement, Trojan horse (computing), Tulip Revolution, Turkey, Turkic peoples, Turkish mafia, U.S. Customs and Border Protection, U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement, Ukrainian mafia, Unfree labour, UNICEF, United Freedom Front, United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime, United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, United States, United States Border Patrol, United States Coast Guard, United States Cyber Command, United States Department of Justice, United States Marshals Service, United States Postal Inspection Service, United States Secret Service, Vandals, Vicarious liability (criminal), Victorian era, Vulnerability (computing), War crime, Washington, D.C., Weather Underground, White-collar crime, Whitey Bulger, William J. Lynn III, Winter Hill Gang, Woman, Yakuza, 18th Street gang. Expand index (260 more) »

'Ndrangheta

The 'Ndràngheta is an organized crime group centered in Calabria, Italy.

New!!: Organized crime and 'Ndrangheta · See more »

Adam Worth

Adam Worth (18448 January 1902) was a German-born American criminal.

New!!: Organized crime and Adam Worth · See more »

Advance-fee scam

An advance-fee scam is a form of fraud and one of the most common types of confidence trick.

New!!: Organized crime and Advance-fee scam · See more »

Adware

Adware, or advertising-supported software, is software that generates revenue for its developer by automatically generating online advertisements in the user interface of the software or on a screen presented to the user during the installation process.

New!!: Organized crime and Adware · See more »

Africa

Africa is the world's second largest and second most-populous continent (behind Asia in both categories).

New!!: Organized crime and Africa · See more »

Al Capone

Alphonse Gabriel Capone (January 17, 1899 – January 25, 1947), sometimes known by the nickname "Scarface", was an American gangster and businessman who attained notoriety during the Prohibition era as the co-founder and boss of the Chicago Outfit.

New!!: Organized crime and Al Capone · See more »

Al-Qaeda

Al-Qaeda (القاعدة,, translation: "The Base", "The Foundation" or "The Fundament" and alternatively spelled al-Qaida, al-Qæda and sometimes al-Qa'ida) is a militant Sunni Islamist multi-national organization founded in 1988.

New!!: Organized crime and Al-Qaeda · See more »

Albanian mafia

The Albanian mafia or Albanian organized crime (Mafia Shqiptare) are the general terms used for criminal organizations based in Albania or composed of ethnic Albanians.

New!!: Organized crime and Albanian mafia · See more »

American frontier

The American frontier comprises the geography, history, folklore, and cultural expression of life in the forward wave of American expansion that began with English colonial settlements in the early 17th century and ended with the admission of the last mainland territories as states in 1912.

New!!: Organized crime and American frontier · See more »

American Mafia

The American Mafia (commonly referred to as the Mafia or the Mob, though "the Mob" can refer to other organized crime groups) or Italian-American Mafia, is the highly organized Italian-American criminal society.

New!!: Organized crime and American Mafia · See more »

Animal Liberation Front

The Animal Liberation Front (ALF) is an international, leaderless resistance that engages in direct action in pursuit of animal rights; often called a terrorist organization.

New!!: Organized crime and Animal Liberation Front · See more »

Antiquities

Antiquities are objects from antiquity, especially the civilizations of the Mediterranean: the Classical antiquity of Greece and Rome, Ancient Egypt and the other Ancient Near Eastern cultures.

New!!: Organized crime and Antiquities · See more »

Arms trafficking

Arms trafficking, also known as gunrunning, is the trafficking of contraband weapons and ammunition.

New!!: Organized crime and Arms trafficking · See more »

Army of God (United States)

Army of God (AOG) is a Christian terrorist organization that has engaged in the use of anti-abortion violence in the United States to fight against abortion.

New!!: Organized crime and Army of God (United States) · See more »

Arson

Arson is a crime of intentionally, deliberately and maliciously setting fire to buildings, wildland areas, abandoned homes, vehicles or other property with the intent to cause damage or enjoy the act.

New!!: Organized crime and Arson · See more »

Art theft

Art theft is usually for the purpose of resale or for ransom (sometimes called artnapping).

New!!: Organized crime and Art theft · See more »

Article 41-bis prison regime

In Italian law, Article 41-bis of the Prison Administration Act (also known as Italy's "hard prison regime") is a provision that allows the Minister of Justice or the Minister of the Interior to suspend certain prison regulations.

New!!: Organized crime and Article 41-bis prison regime · See more »

Aryan Brotherhood

The Aryan Brotherhood, also known as the Brand or the AB, is a white supremacist and Neo-Nazi prison gang and organized crime syndicate in the United States with an estimated 15,000–20,000 members in and out of prison.

New!!: Organized crime and Aryan Brotherhood · See more »

Asia

Asia is Earth's largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the Eastern and Northern Hemispheres.

New!!: Organized crime and Asia · See more »

Assassination

Assassination is the killing of a prominent person, either for political or religious reasons or for payment.

New!!: Organized crime and Assassination · See more »

Assault

An assault is the act of inflicting physical harm or unwanted physical contact upon a person or, in some specific legal definitions, a threat or attempt to commit such an action.

New!!: Organized crime and Assault · See more »

Australian Institute of Criminology

The Australian Institute of Criminology (AIC) is Australia's national research and knowledge centre on crime and criminal justice.

New!!: Organized crime and Australian Institute of Criminology · See more »

Banditry

Banditry is the life and practice of bandits.

New!!: Organized crime and Banditry · See more »

Bandwidth (computing)

In computing, bandwidth is the maximum rate of data transfer across a given path.

New!!: Organized crime and Bandwidth (computing) · See more »

Bank robbery

Bank robbery is the crime of stealing money from a bank, while bank employees and customers are subjected to force, violence, or a threat of violence.

New!!: Organized crime and Bank robbery · See more »

Bank Secrecy Act

The Bank Secrecy Act of 1970 (BSA), also known as the Currency and Foreign Transactions Reporting Act, is a U.S. law requiring financial institutions in the United States to assist U.S. government agencies to detect and prevent money laundering.

New!!: Organized crime and Bank Secrecy Act · See more »

Barrio Azteca

The Barrio Azteca, or Los Aztecas, is a Mexican-American gang originally based in El Paso, Texas.

New!!: Organized crime and Barrio Azteca · See more »

BBC News

BBC News is an operational business division of the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) responsible for the gathering and broadcasting of news and current affairs.

New!!: Organized crime and BBC News · See more »

Belgium

Belgium, officially the Kingdom of Belgium, is a country in Western Europe bordered by France, the Netherlands, Germany and Luxembourg.

New!!: Organized crime and Belgium · See more »

Bid rigging

Bid rigging is a form of fraud in which a commercial contract is promised to one party even though for the sake of appearance several other parties also present a bid.

New!!: Organized crime and Bid rigging · See more »

Black Liberation Army

The Black Liberation Army (BLA) was an underground Black Power organization that operated in the United States from 1970 to 1981.

New!!: Organized crime and Black Liberation Army · See more »

Blackmail

Blackmail is an act, often criminal, involving unjustified threats to make a gain—most commonly money or property—or cause loss to another unless a demand is met.

New!!: Organized crime and Blackmail · See more »

Bomb

A bomb is an explosive weapon that uses the exothermic reaction of an explosive material to provide an extremely sudden and violent release of energy.

New!!: Organized crime and Bomb · See more »

Bookmaker

A bookmaker, bookie, or turf accountant is an organization or a person that accepts and pays off bets on sporting and other events at agreed-upon odds.

New!!: Organized crime and Bookmaker · See more »

Boston

Boston is the capital city and most populous municipality of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in the United States.

New!!: Organized crime and Boston · See more »

Bribery

Bribery is the act of giving or receiving something of value in exchange for some kind of influence or action in return, that the recipient would otherwise not alter.

New!!: Organized crime and Bribery · See more »

Bulgarian mafia

The Bulgarian mafia (мутри, mutri) is a series of organized crime elements originating from Bulgaria.

New!!: Organized crime and Bulgarian mafia · See more »

Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives

The Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF) is a federal law enforcement organization within the United States Department of Justice.

New!!: Organized crime and Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives · See more »

Business oligarch

The term business oligarch is almost a synonym of the term business magnate, borrowed by the English-speaking and western media from post-Soviet parlance to label those businessmen who quickly acquired huge wealth in post-Soviet states (mostly Russia and Ukraine) during the privatization in Russia and in other post-Soviet states in the 1990s.

New!!: Organized crime and Business oligarch · See more »

Butch Cassidy's Wild Bunch

Butch Cassidy's Wild Bunch was one of the loosely organized outlaw gangs operating out of the Hole-in-the-Wall in Wyoming during the Old West era in the United States.

New!!: Organized crime and Butch Cassidy's Wild Bunch · See more »

Cali Cartel

The Cali Cartel was based in southern Colombia, around the city of Cali and the Valle del Cauca Department.

New!!: Organized crime and Cali Cartel · See more »

Camorra

The Camorra is an Italian Mafia-type, by Umberto Santino, in: Albanese, Das & Verma, Organized Crime.

New!!: Organized crime and Camorra · See more »

Castellammarese War

The Castellammarese War was a bloody power struggle for control of the Italian-American Mafia, from February, 1930 to April 15, 1931, between partisans of Joe "The Boss" Masseria and those of Salvatore Maranzano.

New!!: Organized crime and Castellammarese War · See more »

Charbonneau Commission

The, officially the Commission of Inquiry on the Awarding and Management of Public Contracts in the Construction Industry, is a public inquiry in Quebec, Canada into potential corruption in the management of public construction contracts.

New!!: Organized crime and Charbonneau Commission · See more »

Chicago Police Department

The Chicago Police Department (CPD) is the law enforcement agency of the U.S. city of Chicago, Illinois, under the jurisdiction of the City Council.

New!!: Organized crime and Chicago Police Department · See more »

Child

Biologically, a child (plural: children) is a human being between the stages of birth and puberty.

New!!: Organized crime and Child · See more »

Civil procedure

Civil procedure is the body of law that sets out the rules and standards that courts follow when adjudicating civil lawsuits (as opposed to procedures in criminal law matters).

New!!: Organized crime and Civil procedure · See more »

Civil society

Civil society is the "aggregate of non-governmental organizations and institutions that manifest interests and will of citizens".

New!!: Organized crime and Civil society · See more »

Civilian

A civilian is "a person who is not a member of the military or of a police or firefighting force".

New!!: Organized crime and Civilian · See more »

Cochise County Cowboys

The Cochise County Cowboys were a loosely associated group of outlaw cowboys in Pima and Cochise County, Arizona Territory in the late 19th century.

New!!: Organized crime and Cochise County Cowboys · See more »

Code of silence

A code of silence is a condition in effect when a person opts to withhold what is believed to be vital or important information voluntarily or involuntarily.

New!!: Organized crime and Code of silence · See more »

Coercion

Coercion is the practice of forcing another party to act in an involuntary manner by use of threats or force.

New!!: Organized crime and Coercion · See more »

Computer worm

A computer worm is a standalone malware computer program that replicates itself in order to spread to other computers.

New!!: Organized crime and Computer worm · See more »

Confidence trick

A confidence trick (synonyms include con, confidence game, confidence scheme, ripoff, scam and stratagem) is an attempt to defraud a person or group after first gaining their confidence, used in the classical sense of trust.

New!!: Organized crime and Confidence trick · See more »

Continuing Criminal Enterprise

The Continuing Criminal Enterprise Statute (commonly referred to as CCE Statute or The Kingpin Statute) is a United States federal law that targets large-scale drug traffickers who are responsible for long-term and elaborate drug conspiracies.

New!!: Organized crime and Continuing Criminal Enterprise · See more »

Contract killing

Contract killing is a form of murder in which one party hires another party to kill a target individual or group of people.

New!!: Organized crime and Contract killing · See more »

Conventional warfare

Conventional warfare is a form of warfare conducted by using conventional weapons and battlefield tactics between two or more states in open confrontation.

New!!: Organized crime and Conventional warfare · See more »

Copyright

Copyright is a legal right, existing globally in many countries, that basically grants the creator of an original work exclusive rights to determine and decide whether, and under what conditions, this original work may be used by others.

New!!: Organized crime and Copyright · See more »

Copyright infringement

Copyright infringement is the use of works protected by copyright law without permission, infringing certain exclusive rights granted to the copyright holder, such as the right to reproduce, distribute, display or perform the protected work, or to make derivative works.

New!!: Organized crime and Copyright infringement · See more »

Corporate liability

In criminal law, corporate liability determines the extent to which a corporation as a legal person can be liable for the acts and omissions of the natural persons it employs.

New!!: Organized crime and Corporate liability · See more »

Corporation

A corporation is a company or group of people or an organisation authorized to act as a single entity (legally a person) and recognized as such in law.

New!!: Organized crime and Corporation · See more »

Corsican mafia

The Corsican mafia is a set of criminal groups which are part of the French Mob, originating from Corsica.

New!!: Organized crime and Corsican mafia · See more »

Counterfeit

The counterfeit means to imitate something.

New!!: Organized crime and Counterfeit · See more »

Coyotaje

Coyote is a colloquial Mexican–Spanish term referring to the practice of people smuggling across the U.S.–Mexico border.

New!!: Organized crime and Coyotaje · See more »

Crime

In ordinary language, a crime is an unlawful act punishable by a state or other authority.

New!!: Organized crime and Crime · See more »

Crime in Brazil

Crime in Brazil involves an elevated incidence of violent and non-violent crimes.

New!!: Organized crime and Crime in Brazil · See more »

Crime in the United States

Crime in the United States has been recorded since colonization.

New!!: Organized crime and Crime in the United States · See more »

Crimes against humanity

Crimes against humanity are certain acts that are deliberately committed as part of a widespread or systematic attack or individual attack directed against any civilian or an identifiable part of a civilian population.

New!!: Organized crime and Crimes against humanity · See more »

Criminal Assets Bureau

The Criminal Assets Bureau (CAB) (An Biúró um Shócmhainní Coiriúla) is a law enforcement agency in Ireland.

New!!: Organized crime and Criminal Assets Bureau · See more »

Criminal Code (Canada)

The Criminal Code (Code criminelThe citation of this Act by this short title is authorised by the French text of of this Act.) is a law that codifies most criminal offences and procedures in Canada.

New!!: Organized crime and Criminal Code (Canada) · See more »

Cronyism

Cronyism is the practice of partiality in awarding jobs and other advantages to friends, family relatives or trusted colleagues, especially in politics and between politicians and supportive organizations.

New!!: Organized crime and Cronyism · See more »

Cyber spying

Cyber spying, or cyber espionage, is the act or practice of obtaining secrets and information without the permission and knowledge of the holder of the information from individuals, competitors, rivals, groups, governments and enemies for personal, economic, political or military advantage using methods on the Internet, networks or individual computers through the use of proxy servers, cracking techniques and malicious software including Trojan horses and spyware.

New!!: Organized crime and Cyber spying · See more »

Cybercop

The U.S. "Report to the President's Commission on Critical Infrastructure Protection" (1997) stated, "Cybercops are law enforcement personnel whose beat is cyberspace." According to Microsoft's Justice and Public Safety Division (Microsoft) Marketing Manager Ken Reeves, over 2,000 (international) law enforcement organizations had connected to the internet by 1996.

New!!: Organized crime and Cybercop · See more »

Cybercrime

Cybercrime, or computer oriented crime, is crime that involves a computer and a network.

New!!: Organized crime and Cybercrime · See more »

Debt bondage

Debt bondage, also known as debt slavery or bonded labour, is a person's pledge of labour or services as security for the repayment for a debt or other obligation, where there is no hope of actually repaying the debt.

New!!: Organized crime and Debt bondage · See more »

Defence minister

The title Defence Minister, Minister for Defence, Minister of National Defense, Secretary of Defence, Secretary of State for Defense or some similar variation, is assigned to the person in a cabinet position in charge of a Ministry of Defence, which regulates the armed forces in sovereign states.

New!!: Organized crime and Defence minister · See more »

Denial-of-service attack

In computing, a denial-of-service attack (DoS attack) is a cyber-attack in which the perpetrator seeks to make a machine or network resource unavailable to its intended users by temporarily or indefinitely disrupting services of a host connected to the Internet.

New!!: Organized crime and Denial-of-service attack · See more »

Derivative work

In copyright law, a derivative work is an expressive creation that includes major copyright-protected elements of an original, previously created first work (the underlying work).

New!!: Organized crime and Derivative work · See more »

Diego Gambetta

Diego Gambetta (born 1952 in Turin, Italy) is an Italian born social scientist.

New!!: Organized crime and Diego Gambetta · See more »

Diplomatic Security Service

The United States Diplomatic Security Service (DSS or DS) is the federal law enforcement and security arm of the United States Department of State.

New!!: Organized crime and Diplomatic Security Service · See more »

Dissolution of the Soviet Union

The dissolution of the Soviet Union occurred on December 26, 1991, officially granting self-governing independence to the Republics of the Soviet Union.

New!!: Organized crime and Dissolution of the Soviet Union · See more »

Donald Cressey

Donald Ray Cressey (April 27, 1919 – July 21, 1987) was an American penologist, sociologist, and criminologist who made innovative contributions to the study of organized crime, prisons, criminology, the sociology of criminal law, white-collar crime.

New!!: Organized crime and Donald Cressey · See more »

Drug cartel

A drug cartel is any criminal organization with the intention of supplying drug trafficking operations.

New!!: Organized crime and Drug cartel · See more »

Drug Enforcement Administration

The Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) is a United States federal law enforcement agency under the United States Department of Justice, tasked with combating drug smuggling and use within the United States.

New!!: Organized crime and Drug Enforcement Administration · See more »

E-commerce

E-commerce is the activity of buying or selling of products on online services or over the Internet.

New!!: Organized crime and E-commerce · See more »

Earth Liberation Front

The Earth Liberation Front (ELF), also known as "Elves" or "The Elves", is the collective name for autonomous individuals or covert cells who, according to the ELF Press Office, use "economic sabotage and guerrilla warfare to stop the exploitation and destruction of the environment".

New!!: Organized crime and Earth Liberation Front · See more »

Eastern Bloc

The Eastern Bloc was the group of socialist states of Central and Eastern Europe, generally the Soviet Union and the countries of the Warsaw Pact.

New!!: Organized crime and Eastern Bloc · See more »

Eastern Europe

Eastern Europe is the eastern part of the European continent.

New!!: Organized crime and Eastern Europe · See more »

Economic Espionage Act of 1996

The Economic Espionage Act of 1996 was a 6 title Act of Congress dealing with a wide range of issues, including not only industrial espionage (e.g., the theft or misappropriation of a trade secret and the National Information Infrastructure Protection Act), but the insanity defense, the Boys & Girls Clubs of America, requirements for presentence investigation reports, and the United States Sentencing Commission reports regarding encryption or scrambling technology, and other technical and minor amendments.

New!!: Organized crime and Economic Espionage Act of 1996 · See more »

Electoral fraud

Electoral fraud, election manipulation, or vote rigging is illegal interference with the process of an election, whether by increasing the vote share of the favored candidate, depressing the vote share of the rival candidates, or both.

New!!: Organized crime and Electoral fraud · See more »

Email fraud

Email fraud is the intentional deception made for personal gain or to damage another individual through email.

New!!: Organized crime and Email fraud · See more »

Embezzlement

Embezzlement is the act of withholding assets for the purpose of conversion (theft) of such assets, by one or more persons to whom the assets were entrusted, either to be held or to be used for specific purposes.

New!!: Organized crime and Embezzlement · See more »

Employment

Employment is a relationship between two parties, usually based on a contract where work is paid for, where one party, which may be a corporation, for profit, not-for-profit organization, co-operative or other entity is the employer and the other is the employee.

New!!: Organized crime and Employment · See more »

Espionage

Espionage or spying, is the act of obtaining secret or confidential information without the permission of the holder of the information.

New!!: Organized crime and Espionage · See more »

Ethnic succession theory

Ethnic succession theory is a theory in sociology stating that ethnic and racial groups entering a new area may settle in older neighborhoods or urban areas until achieving economic parity with certain economic classes.

New!!: Organized crime and Ethnic succession theory · See more »

Exclusive right

In Anglo-Saxon law, an exclusive right, or exclusivity, is a de facto, non-tangible prerogative existing in law (that is, the power or, in a wider sense, right) to perform an action or acquire a benefit and to permit or deny others the right to perform the same action or to acquire the same benefit.

New!!: Organized crime and Exclusive right · See more »

Extortion

Extortion (also called shakedown, outwrestling and exaction) is a criminal offense of obtaining money, property, or services from an individual or institution, through coercion.

New!!: Organized crime and Extortion · See more »

Failed state

A failed state is a political body that has disintegrated to a point where basic conditions and responsibilities of a sovereign government no longer function properly (see also fragile state and state collapse).

New!!: Organized crime and Failed state · See more »

Federal Bureau of Investigation

The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), formerly the Bureau of Investigation (BOI), is the domestic intelligence and security service of the United States, and its principal federal law enforcement agency.

New!!: Organized crime and Federal Bureau of Investigation · See more »

Federal Security Service

The Federal Security Service of the Russian Federation (FSB; fʲɪdʲɪˈralʲnəjə ˈsluʐbə bʲɪzɐˈpasnəstʲɪ rɐˈsʲijskəj fʲɪdʲɪˈratsɨjɪ) is the principal security agency of Russia and the main successor agency to the USSR's Committee of State Security (KGB).

New!!: Organized crime and Federal Security Service · See more »

Federal Wire Act

The Interstate Wire Act of 1961, often called the Federal Wire Act, is a United States federal law prohibiting the operation of certain types of betting businesses in the United States.

New!!: Organized crime and Federal Wire Act · See more »

Fence (criminal)

A fence, also known as a receiver, mover, moving man, or thiefspawn, is an individual who knowingly buys stolen goods in order to later resell them for profit.

New!!: Organized crime and Fence (criminal) · See more »

Financial Action Task Force on Money Laundering

The Financial Action Task Force (on Money Laundering) (FATF), also known by its French name, Groupe d'action financière (GAFI), is an intergovernmental organization founded in 1989 on the initiative of the G7 to develop policies to combat money laundering.

New!!: Organized crime and Financial Action Task Force on Money Laundering · See more »

Financial crime

Financial crime is crime committed against property, involving the unlawful conversion of the ownership of property (belonging to one person) to one's own personal use and benefit.

New!!: Organized crime and Financial crime · See more »

Forced prostitution

Forced prostitution, also known as involuntary prostitution, is prostitution or sexual slavery that takes place as a result of coercion by a third party.

New!!: Organized crime and Forced prostitution · See more »

Fraud

In law, fraud is deliberate deception to secure unfair or unlawful gain, or to deprive a victim of a legal right.

New!!: Organized crime and Fraud · See more »

Fraud Enforcement and Recovery Act of 2009

The Fraud Enforcement and Recovery Act of 2009, or FERA,, is a public law in the United States enacted in 2009.

New!!: Organized crime and Fraud Enforcement and Recovery Act of 2009 · See more »

Free Press (publisher)

Free Press was a book publishing imprint of Simon & Schuster.

New!!: Organized crime and Free Press (publisher) · See more »

Gaming law

Gaming law is the set of rules and regulations that apply to the gaming or gambling industry.

New!!: Organized crime and Gaming law · See more »

Gang

A gang is a group of associates, friends or members of a family with a defined leadership and internal organization that identifies with or claims control over territory in a community and engages, either individually or collectively, in illegal, and possibly violent, behavior.

New!!: Organized crime and Gang · See more »

Gangs in the United Kingdom

Gang-related organised crime in the United Kingdom is concentrated around the cities of London, Manchester and Liverpool and regionally across the West Midlands region, south coast and northern England, according to the Serious Organised Crime Agency.

New!!: Organized crime and Gangs in the United Kingdom · See more »

Gennaro Angiulo

Gennaro "Jerry" Angiulo (March 20, 1919 – August 29, 2009) was a New England mob underboss who rose through the Mafia under Raymond L. S. Patriarca in the Patriarca crime family.

New!!: Organized crime and Gennaro Angiulo · See more »

Germany

Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a sovereign state in central-western Europe.

New!!: Organized crime and Germany · See more »

Golden Crescent

The Golden Crescent is the name given to one of Asia's two principal areas of illicit opium production (with the other being the Golden Triangle), located at the crossroads of Central, South, and Western Asia.

New!!: Organized crime and Golden Crescent · See more »

Golden Triangle (Southeast Asia)

The Golden Triangle is the area where the borders of Thailand, Laos, and Myanmar meet at the confluence of the Ruak and Mekong Rivers.

New!!: Organized crime and Golden Triangle (Southeast Asia) · See more »

Goths

The Goths (Gut-þiuda; Gothi) were an East Germanic people, two of whose branches, the Visigoths and the Ostrogoths, played an important role in the fall of the Western Roman Empire through the long series of Gothic Wars and in the emergence of Medieval Europe.

New!!: Organized crime and Goths · See more »

Government

A government is the system or group of people governing an organized community, often a state.

New!!: Organized crime and Government · See more »

Graft (politics)

Graft, as understood in American English, is a form of political corruption, being the unscrupulous use of a politician's authority for personal gain.

New!!: Organized crime and Graft (politics) · See more »

Greek mafia

The Greek mafia is the colloquial term used to refer to various organized crime elements originating from Greece.

New!!: Organized crime and Greek mafia · See more »

Highwayman

A highwayman was a robber who stole from travellers.

New!!: Organized crime and Highwayman · See more »

History of Organized Crime in Saigon

Over the course of its long history, Saigon, Vietnam has had many eras of dominant organized crime groups that at one point or another controlled the illicit trade and activities within the city.

New!!: Organized crime and History of Organized Crime in Saigon · See more »

Hobbs Act

The Hobbs Act, named after Congressman Sam Hobbs (D-AL) and codified at, is a U.S. federal law enacted in 1946 that provides: Section 1951 also proscribes conspiracy to commit robbery or extortion without reference to the conspiracy statute at.

New!!: Organized crime and Hobbs Act · See more »

House of cards

A house of cards (also known as a card tower) is a structure created by stacking playing cards on top of each other.

New!!: Organized crime and House of cards · See more »

Human trafficking

Human trafficking is the trade of humans for the purpose of forced labour, sexual slavery, or commercial sexual exploitation for the trafficker or others.

New!!: Organized crime and Human trafficking · See more »

Identity document forgery

Identity document forgery is the process by which identity documents issued by governing bodies are copied and/or modified by persons not authorized to create such documents or engage in such modifications, for the purpose of deceiving those who would view the documents about the identity or status of the bearer.

New!!: Organized crime and Identity document forgery · See more »

Identity theft

Identity theft is the deliberate use of someone else's identity, usually as a method to gain a financial advantage or obtain credit and other benefits in the other person's name, and perhaps to the other person's disadvantage or loss.

New!!: Organized crime and Identity theft · See more »

Illegal drug trade

The illegal drug trade or drug trafficking is a global black market dedicated to the cultivation, manufacture, distribution and sale of drugs that are subject to drug prohibition laws.

New!!: Organized crime and Illegal drug trade · See more »

Illegal drug trade in Colombia

Illegal drug trade in Colombia (Narcotráfico en Colombia) refers to a practice of Colombian criminal groups of producing and distributing illegal drugs.

New!!: Organized crime and Illegal drug trade in Colombia · See more »

Illegal taxicab operation

Illegal taxicabs, sometimes known as pirate taxis or gypsy cabs, are taxicabs and other for-hire vehicles that are not duly licensed or permitted by the jurisdiction in which they operate.

New!!: Organized crime and Illegal taxicab operation · See more »

Indian subcontinent

The Indian subcontinent is a southern region and peninsula of Asia, mostly situated on the Indian Plate and projecting southwards into the Indian Ocean from the Himalayas.

New!!: Organized crime and Indian subcontinent · See more »

Informant

An informant (also called an informer) is a person who provides privileged information about a person or organization to an agency.

New!!: Organized crime and Informant · See more »

Information warfare

Information warfare (IW) is a concept involving the battlespace use and management of information and communication technology (ICT) in pursuit of a competitive advantage over an opponent.

New!!: Organized crime and Information warfare · See more »

Insider trading

Insider trading is the trading of a public company's stock or other securities (such as bonds or stock options) by individuals with access to nonpublic information about the company.

New!!: Organized crime and Insider trading · See more »

Institutionalisation

Institutionalisation (or institutionalization) refers to the process of embedding some conception (for example a belief, norm, social role, particular value or mode of behavior) within an organization, social system, or society as a whole.

New!!: Organized crime and Institutionalisation · See more »

Insurance fraud

Insurance fraud is any act committed with the intent to obtain a fraudulent outcome from an insurance process.

New!!: Organized crime and Insurance fraud · See more »

Inter Press Service

Inter Press Service (IPS) is a global news agency.

New!!: Organized crime and Inter Press Service · See more »

International Organization for Migration

The International Organization for Migration (IOM) is an intergovernmental organization that provides services and advice concerning migration to governments and migrants, including internally displaced persons, refugees, and migrant workers.

New!!: Organized crime and International Organization for Migration · See more »

Internet

The Internet is the global system of interconnected computer networks that use the Internet protocol suite (TCP/IP) to link devices worldwide.

New!!: Organized crime and Internet · See more »

Irish Mob

The Irish Mob is the oldest organized crime group in the United States, in existence since the early 19th century.

New!!: Organized crime and Irish Mob · See more »

Irish Republican Army

The Irish Republican Army (IRA) is any of several paramilitary movements in Ireland in the 20th and 21st centuries dedicated to Irish republicanism, the belief that all of Ireland should be an independent republic.

New!!: Organized crime and Irish Republican Army · See more »

Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant

The Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), also known as the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria or Islamic State of Iraq and al-Sham (ISIS), Islamic State (IS) and by its Arabic language acronym Daesh (داعش dāʿish), is a Salafi jihadist terrorist organisation and former unrecognised proto-state that follows a fundamentalist, Salafi/Wahhabi doctrine of Sunni Islam.

New!!: Organized crime and Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant · See more »

Israel

Israel, officially the State of Israel, is a country in the Middle East, on the southeastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea and the northern shore of the Red Sea.

New!!: Organized crime and Israel · See more »

Italy

Italy (Italia), officially the Italian Republic (Repubblica Italiana), is a sovereign state in Europe.

New!!: Organized crime and Italy · See more »

Jamaican posse

Jamaican posses, often referred to simply as posses, are a loose coalition of gangs, based predominantly in Kingston, London, New York City and Toronto, first being involved in drugs and arms trafficking in the early 1980s.

New!!: Organized crime and Jamaican posse · See more »

Japan

Japan (日本; Nippon or Nihon; formally 日本国 or Nihon-koku, lit. "State of Japan") is a sovereign island country in East Asia.

New!!: Organized crime and Japan · See more »

Jewish-American organized crime

Jewish-American organized crime emerged within the American Jewish community during the late 19th and early 20th centuries.

New!!: Organized crime and Jewish-American organized crime · See more »

Kidnapping

In criminal law, kidnapping is the unlawful carrying away (asportation) and confinement of a person against his or her will.

New!!: Organized crime and Kidnapping · See more »

Kkangpae

Kkangpae (Korean: 깡패) is a romanization of the Korean for a 'gangster', 'thug', or 'hoodlum', usually referring to members of unorganized street gangs.

New!!: Organized crime and Kkangpae · See more »

Kleptocracy

Kleptocracy (from Greek κλέπτης kléptēs, "thief", κλέπτω kléptō, "I steal", and -κρατία -kratía from κράτος krátos, "power, rule") is a government with corrupt leaders (kleptocrats) that use their power to exploit the people and natural resources of their own territory in order to extend their personal wealth and political powers.

New!!: Organized crime and Kleptocracy · See more »

Kurdistan Workers' Party

The Kurdistan Workers' Party or PKK (Partiya Karkerên Kurdistanê) is an organization based in Turkey and Iraq.

New!!: Organized crime and Kurdistan Workers' Party · See more »

Lashkar-e-Taiba

Lashkar-e-Taiba (LeT, لشکر طیبہ; literally Army of the Good, translated as Army of the Righteous, or Army of the Pure and alternatively spelled as Lashkar-e-Tayyiba, Lashkar-e-Toiba; Lashkar-e-Taiba; Lashkar-i-Tayyeba) is one of the largest and most active Islamic terrorism militant organizations in South Asia, operating mainly from Pakistan.

New!!: Organized crime and Lashkar-e-Taiba · See more »

Law

Law is a system of rules that are created and enforced through social or governmental institutions to regulate behavior.

New!!: Organized crime and Law · See more »

Lebanese mafia

Lebanese mafia is a colloquial term for organized crime groups of Lebanese origin.

New!!: Organized crime and Lebanese mafia · See more »

Legal person

A legal person (in legal contexts often simply person, less ambiguously legal entity) is any human or non-human entity, in other words, any human being, firm, or government agency that is recognized as having privileges and obligations, such as having the ability to enter into contracts, to sue, and to be sued.

New!!: Organized crime and Legal person · See more »

Life (magazine)

Life was an American magazine that ran regularly from 1883 to 1972 and again from 1978 to 2000.

New!!: Organized crime and Life (magazine) · See more »

List of designated terrorist groups

This is a list of designated terrorist groups by national governments, former governments, and inter-governmental organizations, where the proscription has a significant effect on the group's activities.

New!!: Organized crime and List of designated terrorist groups · See more »

List of law enforcement agencies

A law enforcement agency (LEA) is any agency which enforces the law.

New!!: Organized crime and List of law enforcement agencies · See more »

Loan shark

A loan shark is a person or body who offers loans at extremely high interest rates usually without holding relevant authorization from the local financial regulator (illegally).

New!!: Organized crime and Loan shark · See more »

Looting

Looting, also referred to as sacking, ransacking, plundering, despoiling, despoliation, and pillaging, is the indiscriminate taking of goods by force as part of a military or political victory, or during a catastrophe, such as war, natural disaster (where law and civil enforcement are temporarily ineffective), or rioting.

New!!: Organized crime and Looting · See more »

Los Angeles Police Department

The Los Angeles Police Department (LAPD), officially the City of Los Angeles Police Department, is the police department of Los Angeles.

New!!: Organized crime and Los Angeles Police Department · See more »

Los Zetas

Los Zetas (Spanish for "The Zs") is a Mexican criminal syndicate, regarded as the most dangerous of the country's drug cartels.

New!!: Organized crime and Los Zetas · See more »

Maharashtra Control of Organised Crime Act

Maharashtra Control of Organised Crime Act, 1999 (MCOCA) is a law enacted by Maharashtra state in India in 1999 to combat organised crime and terrorism.

New!!: Organized crime and Maharashtra Control of Organised Crime Act · See more »

Malware

Malware (a portmanteau for malicious software) is any software intentionally designed to cause damage to a computer, server or computer network.

New!!: Organized crime and Malware · See more »

Massachusetts State Police

The Massachusetts State Police (MSP) is an agency of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts' Executive Office of Public Safety and Security responsible for criminal law enforcement and traffic vehicle regulation across the state.

New!!: Organized crime and Massachusetts State Police · See more »

May 19th Communist Organization

The May 19th Communist Organization (also variously referred to as the May 19 Coalition, May 19 Communist Coalition, and various alternatives of M19CO), was a US-based, self-described revolutionary organization formed by members of the Weather Underground Organization.

New!!: Organized crime and May 19th Communist Organization · See more »

Medellín Cartel

The Medellín Cartel was a highly organized and much-feared Colombian drug cartel originating in the city of Medellín, Colombia.

New!!: Organized crime and Medellín Cartel · See more »

Mexican Drug War

The Mexican Drug War (also known as the Mexican War on Drugs) is an ongoing, low-intensity asymmetric war between the Mexican Government and various drug trafficking syndicates.

New!!: Organized crime and Mexican Drug War · See more »

Meyer Lansky

Meyer Lansky (born Meier Suchowlański; July 4, 1902 – January 15, 1983), known as the "Mob's Accountant", was a major organized crime figure who, along with his associate Charles "Lucky" Luciano, was instrumental in the development of the National Crime Syndicate in the United States.

New!!: Organized crime and Meyer Lansky · See more »

Milieu (organized crime in France)

Primarily, organized crime in France is based in its urban, major cities such as Marseille, Grenoble, Paris, and Lyon.

New!!: Organized crime and Milieu (organized crime in France) · See more »

Military personnel

Military personnel are members of the state's armed forces.

New!!: Organized crime and Military personnel · See more »

Money

Money is any item or verifiable record that is generally accepted as payment for goods and services and repayment of debts in a particular country or socio-economic context.

New!!: Organized crime and Money · See more »

Money laundering

Money laundering is the act of concealing the transformation of profits from illegal activities and corruption into ostensibly "legitimate" assets.

New!!: Organized crime and Money laundering · See more »

Money Laundering Control Act

The Money Laundering Control Act of 1986 (Public Law 99-570) is a United States Act of Congress that made money laundering a federal crime.

New!!: Organized crime and Money Laundering Control Act · See more »

Money transmitter

In the legal code of the United States, a money transmitter or money transfer service is a business entity that provides money transfer services or payment instruments.

New!!: Organized crime and Money transmitter · See more »

Mongols

The Mongols (ᠮᠣᠩᠭᠣᠯᠴᠤᠳ, Mongolchuud) are an East-Central Asian ethnic group native to Mongolia and China's Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region.

New!!: Organized crime and Mongols · See more »

Motor vehicle theft

Motor vehicle theft or grand theft auto is the criminal act of stealing or attempting to steal a motor vehicle.

New!!: Organized crime and Motor vehicle theft · See more »

MS-13

Mara Salvatrucha (MS), also known as MS-13 (the 13 representing their Sureño affiliation), is an international criminal gang that originated in Los Angeles, California, in the 1980s.

New!!: Organized crime and MS-13 · See more »

Mungiki

Mungiki is a banned ethnic organisation in Kenya.

New!!: Organized crime and Mungiki · See more »

Murder

Murder is the unlawful killing of another human without justification or valid excuse, especially the unlawful killing of another human being with malice aforethought.

New!!: Organized crime and Murder · See more »

Natural person

In jurisprudence, a natural person is a person (in legal meaning, i.e., one who has its own legal personality) that is an individual human being, as opposed to a legal person, which may be a private (i.e., business entity or non-governmental organization) or public (i.e., government) organization.

New!!: Organized crime and Natural person · See more »

Nazi Party

The National Socialist German Workers' Party (abbreviated NSDAP), commonly referred to in English as the Nazi Party, was a far-right political party in Germany that was active between 1920 and 1945 and supported the ideology of Nazism.

New!!: Organized crime and Nazi Party · See more »

Nepotism

Nepotism is based on favour granted to relatives in various fields, including business, politics, entertainment, sports, religion and other activities.

New!!: Organized crime and Nepotism · See more »

Netherlands

The Netherlands (Nederland), often referred to as Holland, is a country located mostly in Western Europe with a population of seventeen million.

New!!: Organized crime and Netherlands · See more »

Neutral country

A neutral country is a state, which is either neutral towards belligerents in a specific war, or holds itself as permanently neutral in all future conflicts (including avoiding entering into military alliances such as NATO).

New!!: Organized crime and Neutral country · See more »

New Jersey State Police

The New Jersey State Police (NJSP), is the official state police force of the U.S. state of New Jersey.

New!!: Organized crime and New Jersey State Police · See more »

New York City Police Department

The City of New York Police Department, commonly known as the NYPD, is the primary law enforcement and investigation agency within the five boroughs of New York City.

New!!: Organized crime and New York City Police Department · See more »

New York State Police

The New York State Police (NYSP), is the official state police force of the U.S. state of New York, and employs over 5,000 sworn state troopers.

New!!: Organized crime and New York State Police · See more »

Non-combatant

Non-combatant is a term of art in the law of war and international humanitarian law, describing civilians who are not taking a direct part in hostilities; persons—such as combat medics and military chaplains—who are members of the belligerent armed forces but are protected because of their specific duties (as currently described in Protocol I of the Geneva Conventions, adopted in June 1977); combatants who are placed hors de combat; and neutral nationals (including military personnel) who are not fighting for one of the belligerents involved in an armed conflict.

New!!: Organized crime and Non-combatant · See more »

Norsemen

Norsemen are a group of Germanic people who inhabited Scandinavia and spoke what is now called the Old Norse language between 800 AD and c. 1300 AD.

New!!: Organized crime and Norsemen · See more »

Nuremberg trials

The Nuremberg trials (Die Nürnberger Prozesse) were a series of military tribunals held by the Allied forces under international law and the laws of war after World War II.

New!!: Organized crime and Nuremberg trials · See more »

Offshore bank

An offshore bank is a bank regulated under international banking license (often called offshore license), which usually prohibits the bank from establishing any business activities in the jurisdiction of establishment.

New!!: Organized crime and Offshore bank · See more »

Opium production in Afghanistan

Afghanistan has been the world's leading illicit opium producer since 1992 (excluding the year 2001).

New!!: Organized crime and Opium production in Afghanistan · See more »

Organ trade

Organ trade is the trade of human organs, tissues or other body parts for the purpose of transplantation.

New!!: Organized crime and Organ trade · See more »

Organised crime in Australia

Organised crime in Australia refers to the activities of various groups of crime families and/or organised crime syndicates in Australia.

New!!: Organized crime and Organised crime in Australia · See more »

Organised crime in India

Organised crime in India is a reference to organised crime elements originating in India and active in many parts of the world.

New!!: Organized crime and Organised crime in India · See more »

Organised crime in Pakistan

Organized crime in Pakistan refers to the activities of groups of organized crime in Pakistan, The Pakistani Mafia is spread in many countries and are also politically supported and politicized.

New!!: Organized crime and Organised crime in Pakistan · See more »

Organized Crime Control Act

The Organized Crime Control Act of 1970 (October 15, 1970), was an Act of Congress sponsored by Democratic Senator John L. McClellan and signed into law by U.S. President Richard Nixon.

New!!: Organized crime and Organized Crime Control Act · See more »

Organized crime in Italy

Organized crime in Italy and its criminal organizations have been prevalent in Italy, especially Southern Italy, for centuries and have affected the social and economic life of many Italian regions since at least the 19th century.

New!!: Organized crime and Organized crime in Italy · See more »

Organized crime in Nigeria

Organized crime in Nigeria may refer to a number of fraudsters, drug traffickers and racketeers of various sorts originating from Nigeria.

New!!: Organized crime and Organized crime in Nigeria · See more »

Organized crime in Sweden

Organized crime in Sweden has risen in the past years and the number of organized criminal groups operating in the country is increasing.

New!!: Organized crime and Organized crime in Sweden · See more »

Outlaw motorcycle club

An outlaw motorcycle club is a motorcycle subculture that has its roots in the immediate post-World War II era of American society.

New!!: Organized crime and Outlaw motorcycle club · See more »

Passport fraud

A passport is a travel document issued by a government to a citizen of that country.

New!!: Organized crime and Passport fraud · See more »

Patriarca crime family

The Patriarca crime family (pronounced) is also known as the New England crime family, the Providence crime family, the Boston crime family, the Boston Mafia, the Providence Mafia, the New England Mafia, or The Office and is an Italian-American Mafia crime family based in New England.

New!!: Organized crime and Patriarca crime family · See more »

Patriot Act

The USA PATRIOT Act is an Act of Congress signed into law by US President George W. Bush on October 26, 2001.

New!!: Organized crime and Patriot Act · See more »

Patronage

Patronage is the support, encouragement, privilege, or financial aid that an organization or individual bestows to another.

New!!: Organized crime and Patronage · See more »

PBS

The Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) is an American public broadcaster and television program distributor.

New!!: Organized crime and PBS · See more »

Pennsylvania State Police

The Pennsylvania State Police (PSP) is the state police agency of Pennsylvania, responsible for statewide law enforcement.

New!!: Organized crime and Pennsylvania State Police · See more »

Penose

The penose is the organized criminal underbelly in Amsterdam and other major cities in the Netherlands.

New!!: Organized crime and Penose · See more »

Philadelphia Police Department

The Philadelphia Police Department (PPD or Philly PD) is the police agency responsible for law enforcement and investigations within the City of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

New!!: Organized crime and Philadelphia Police Department · See more »

Phishing

Phishing is the fraudulent attempt to obtain sensitive information such as usernames, passwords, and credit card details (and money), often for malicious reasons, by disguising as a trustworthy entity in an electronic communication.

New!!: Organized crime and Phishing · See more »

Piracy

Piracy is an act of robbery or criminal violence by ship or boat-borne attackers upon another ship or a coastal area, typically with the goal of stealing cargo and other valuable items or properties.

New!!: Organized crime and Piracy · See more »

Point shaving

In organized sports, point shaving is a type of match fixing where the perpetrators try to prevent a team from covering a published point spread.

New!!: Organized crime and Point shaving · See more »

Police brutality

Police brutality is one of several forms of police misconduct which involves undue violence by police members.

New!!: Organized crime and Police brutality · See more »

Political corruption

Political corruption is the use of powers by government officials or their network contacts for illegitimate private gain.

New!!: Organized crime and Political corruption · See more »

Political crime

In criminology, a political crime or political offence is an offence involving overt acts or omissions (where there is a duty to act), which prejudice the interests of the state, its government, or the political system.

New!!: Organized crime and Political crime · See more »

Political repression

Political repression is the persecution of an individual or group within society for political reasons, particularly for the purpose of restricting or preventing their ability to take part in the political life of a society thereby reducing their standing among their fellow citizens.

New!!: Organized crime and Political repression · See more »

Polizia di Stato

The Polizia di Stato (State Police or P.S.) is one of the national police forces of Italy.

New!!: Organized crime and Polizia di Stato · See more »

Power (social and political)

In social science and politics, power is the ability to influence or outright control the behaviour of people.

New!!: Organized crime and Power (social and political) · See more »

Price fixing

Price fixing is an agreement between participants on the same side in a market to buy or sell a product, service, or commodity only at a fixed price, or maintain the market conditions such that the price is maintained at a given level by controlling supply and demand.

New!!: Organized crime and Price fixing · See more »

Professor Moriarty

Professor James Moriarty is a fictional character in some of the Sherlock Holmes stories written by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle.

New!!: Organized crime and Professor Moriarty · See more »

Profit (economics)

In economics, profit in the accounting sense of the excess of revenue over cost is the sum of two components: normal profit and economic profit.

New!!: Organized crime and Profit (economics) · See more »

Profit maximization

In economics, profit maximization is the short run or long run process by which a firm may determine the price, input, and output levels that lead to the greatest profit.

New!!: Organized crime and Profit maximization · See more »

Prostitution

Prostitution is the business or practice of engaging in sexual activity in exchange for payment.

New!!: Organized crime and Prostitution · See more »

Protection racket

A protection racket is a scheme whereby a group provides protection to businesses or other groups through violence outside the sanction of the law—in other words, a racket that sells security, traditionally physical security but now also computer security.

New!!: Organized crime and Protection racket · See more »

Protocol against the Smuggling of Migrants by Land, Sea and Air

The Protocol against the Smuggling of Migrants by Land, Sea and Air, supplementing the Convention against Transnational Organised Crime, was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly in 2000.

New!!: Organized crime and Protocol against the Smuggling of Migrants by Land, Sea and Air · See more »

Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, especially Women and Children

The Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, especially Women and Children (also referred to as the Trafficking Protocol or UN TIP Protocol) is a protocol to the Convention against Transnational Organised Crime.

New!!: Organized crime and Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, especially Women and Children · See more »

Pump and dump

"Pump and dump" (P&D) is a form of securities fraud that involves artificially inflating the price of an owned stock through false and misleading positive statements, in order to sell the cheaply purchased stock at a higher price.

New!!: Organized crime and Pump and dump · See more »

Racket (crime)

A racket is a planned or organized criminal act, usually in which the criminal act is a form of business or a way to earn illegal or extorted money regularly or briefly but repeatedly.

New!!: Organized crime and Racket (crime) · See more »

Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act

The Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act, commonly referred to as the RICO Act or simply RICO, is a United States federal law that provides for extended criminal penalties and a civil cause of action for acts performed as part of an ongoing criminal organization.

New!!: Organized crime and Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act · See more »

Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia

The Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia—People's Army (Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia—Ejército del Pueblo, FARC–EP and FARC) was a guerrilla movement involved in the continuing Colombian armed conflict from 1964 to 2017.

New!!: Organized crime and Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia · See more »

Revolutions of 1989

The Revolutions of 1989 formed part of a revolutionary wave in the late 1980s and early 1990s that resulted in the end of communist rule in Central and Eastern Europe and beyond.

New!!: Organized crime and Revolutions of 1989 · See more »

Robbery

Robbery is the crime of taking or attempting to take anything of value by force, threat of force, or by putting the victim in fear.

New!!: Organized crime and Robbery · See more »

Robert K. Merton

Robert King Merton (born Meyer Robert Schkolnick; 5 July 1910 – 23 February 2003) was an American sociologist.

New!!: Organized crime and Robert K. Merton · See more »

Romance scam

A romance scam is a confidence trick involving feigned romantic intentions towards a victim, gaining their affection, and then using that goodwill to commit fraud.

New!!: Organized crime and Romance scam · See more »

Rootkit

A root kit is a collection of computer software, typically malicious, designed to enable access to a computer or areas of its software that is not otherwise allowed (for example, to an unauthorized user) and often masks its existence or the existence of other software.

New!!: Organized crime and Rootkit · See more »

Royal Canadian Mounted Police

The Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP; Gendarmerie royale du Canada (GRC), "Royal Gendarmerie of Canada"; colloquially known as The Mounties, and internally as "the Force") is the federal and national police force of Canada.

New!!: Organized crime and Royal Canadian Mounted Police · See more »

Rule of law

The rule of law is the "authority and influence of law in society, especially when viewed as a constraint on individual and institutional behavior; (hence) the principle whereby all members of a society (including those in government) are considered equally subject to publicly disclosed legal codes and processes".

New!!: Organized crime and Rule of law · See more »

Russian mafia

Russian organized crime or Russian mafia, sometimes referred to as Bratva ("brotherhood"), is a collective of various organized crime elements originating in the former Soviet Union.

New!!: Organized crime and Russian mafia · See more »

Sabotage

Sabotage is a deliberate action aimed at weakening a polity, effort or organization through subversion, obstruction, disruption or destruction.

New!!: Organized crime and Sabotage · See more »

Sacra Corona Unita

Sacra Corona Unita (SCU, Italian for "United Sacred Crown") is a Mafia-type criminal organization from the Apulia region in Southern Italy, and is especially active in the areas of Brindisi, Lecce and Taranto.

New!!: Organized crime and Sacra Corona Unita · See more »

Satellite

In the context of spaceflight, a satellite is an artificial object which has been intentionally placed into orbit.

New!!: Organized crime and Satellite · See more »

Securities fraud

Securities fraud, also known as stock fraud and investment fraud, is a deceptive practice in the stock or commodities markets that induces investors to make purchase or sale decisions on the basis of false information, frequently resulting in losses, in violation of securities laws.

New!!: Organized crime and Securities fraud · See more »

Security hacker

A security hacker is someone who seeks to breach defenses and exploit weaknesses in a computer system or network.

New!!: Organized crime and Security hacker · See more »

Seduction

Seduction is the process of deliberately enticing a person, to engage in a relationship, to lead astray, as from duty, rectitude, or the like; to corrupt, to persuade or induce to engage in sexual behaviour.

New!!: Organized crime and Seduction · See more »

Serious Organised Crime and Police Act 2005

The Serious Organized Crime and Police Act 2005 (c.15) (often abbreviated to SOCPA) is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom aimed primarily at creating the Serious Organised Crime Agency.

New!!: Organized crime and Serious Organised Crime and Police Act 2005 · See more »

Sexual assault

Sexual assault is an act in which a person coerces or physically forces a person to engage in a sexual act against their will.

New!!: Organized crime and Sexual assault · See more »

Shoplifting

Shoplifting (also known as boosting and five-finger discount), is the unnoticed theft of goods from an open retail establishment.

New!!: Organized crime and Shoplifting · See more »

Sicilian Mafia

The Sicilian Mafia, also known as simply the Mafia and frequently referred to by members as Cosa Nostra (this thing of ours), is a criminal syndicate in Sicily, Italy.

New!!: Organized crime and Sicilian Mafia · See more »

Sicily

Sicily (Sicilia; Sicìlia) is the largest island in the Mediterranean Sea.

New!!: Organized crime and Sicily · See more »

Skimming (fraud)

A form of white-collar crime, skimming is slang for taking cash "off the top" of the daily receipts of a business (or from any cash transaction involving a third interested party) and officially reporting a lower total.

New!!: Organized crime and Skimming (fraud) · See more »

Slavery

Slavery is any system in which principles of property law are applied to people, allowing individuals to own, buy and sell other individuals, as a de jure form of property.

New!!: Organized crime and Slavery · See more »

Smuggling

Smuggling is the illegal transportation of objects, substances, information or people, such as out of a house or buildings, into a prison, or across an international border, in violation of applicable laws or other regulations.

New!!: Organized crime and Smuggling · See more »

Snakehead (gang)

Snakeheads are Chinese gangs that smuggle people to other countries.

New!!: Organized crime and Snakehead (gang) · See more »

South Asia

South Asia or Southern Asia (also known as the Indian subcontinent) is a term used to represent the southern region of the Asian continent, which comprises the sub-Himalayan SAARC countries and, for some authorities, adjoining countries to the west and east.

New!!: Organized crime and South Asia · See more »

Spyware

Spyware is software that aims to gather information about a person or organization sometimes without their knowledge, that may send such information to another entity without the consumer's consent, that asserts control over a device without the consumer's knowledge, or it may send such information to another entity with the consumer's consent, through cookies.

New!!: Organized crime and Spyware · See more »

State crime

In criminology, state crime is activity or failures to act that break the state's own criminal law or public international law.

New!!: Organized crime and State crime · See more »

Symbionese Liberation Army

The United Federated Forces of the Symbionese Liberation Army (SLA) was an American left-wing revolutionary and domestic terrorist organization active between 1973 and 1975 that considered itself a vanguard army.

New!!: Organized crime and Symbionese Liberation Army · See more »

Taliban

The Taliban (طالبان "students"), alternatively spelled Taleban, which refers to itself as the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan (IEA), is a Sunni Islamic fundamentalist political movement in Afghanistan currently waging war (an insurgency, or jihad) within that country.

New!!: Organized crime and Taliban · See more »

Tax haven

A tax haven is defined as a jurisdiction with very low "effective" rates of taxation ("headline" rates may be higher).

New!!: Organized crime and Tax haven · See more »

Tax shelter

Tax shelters are any method of reducing taxable income resulting in a reduction of the payments to tax collecting entities, including state and federal governments.

New!!: Organized crime and Tax shelter · See more »

Terrorism

Terrorism is, in the broadest sense, the use of intentionally indiscriminate violence as a means to create terror among masses of people; or fear to achieve a financial, political, religious or ideological aim.

New!!: Organized crime and Terrorism · See more »

Thailand

Thailand, officially the Kingdom of Thailand and formerly known as Siam, is a unitary state at the center of the Southeast Asian Indochinese peninsula composed of 76 provinces.

New!!: Organized crime and Thailand · See more »

The Covenant, The Sword, and the Arm of the Lord

The Covenant, the Sword, and the Arm of the Lord (initialized CSA) was a far right terrorist organization dedicated to Christian Identity and survivalism that was active in the United States during the 1970s and early 1980s.

New!!: Organized crime and The Covenant, The Sword, and the Arm of the Lord · See more »

The Order (white supremacist group)

The Order, also known as the italic (German for Brothers Keep Silent) or Silent Brotherhood, was a white supremacist terrorist organization active in the United States between September 1983 and December 1984.

New!!: Organized crime and The Order (white supremacist group) · See more »

The Pentagon

The Pentagon is the headquarters of the United States Department of Defense, located in Arlington County, Virginia, across the Potomac River from Washington, D.C. As a symbol of the U.S. military, The Pentagon is often used metonymically to refer to the U.S. Department of Defense.

New!!: Organized crime and The Pentagon · See more »

Thief in law

A thief in law (r; Estonian: seaduslik varas; злодій у законі, zlodiy u zakoni; злодзей у законе, zlodzey u zakone; კანონიერი ქურდი, kanonieri kurdi; օրենքով գող, orenk'ov goğ; Qanuni oğru) in the Soviet Union, the post-Soviet states, Serbia and respective diasporas abroad is a specifically granted formal status of a professional criminal who enjoys an elite position within the organized crime environment and employs informal authority over its lower-status members.

New!!: Organized crime and Thief in law · See more »

Thuggee

Thuggee or tuggee (ठग्गी ṭhaggī; ٹھگ; Nepali: ठग्गी ṭhaggī; italic; ठक; ଠକ thaka; ٺوڳي، ٺڳ; ಠಕ್ಕ thakka; ঠগি ṭhogī) refers to the acts of Thugs, an organised gang of professional robbers and murderers.

New!!: Organized crime and Thuggee · See more »

Tijuana Cartel

The Tijuana Cartel (Spanish: Cártel de Tijuana) or Arellano-Félix Organization (Spanish: Cártel Arellano Félix - CAF) is a Mexican drug cartel based in Tijuana.

New!!: Organized crime and Tijuana Cartel · See more »

Title 21 of the United States Code

Title 21 of the United States Code governs Food and Drugs in the United States Code (U.S.C.).

New!!: Organized crime and Title 21 of the United States Code · See more »

Tong (organization)

A tong is a type of organization found among Chinese immigrants living in the United States and Canada.

New!!: Organized crime and Tong (organization) · See more »

Tony Soprano

Anthony John Soprano (born August 22, 1959) is a fictional character and the protagonist in the HBO television drama series The Sopranos (1999–2007), portrayed by James Gandolfini.

New!!: Organized crime and Tony Soprano · See more »

Transnational organized crime

Transnational organized crime (TOC) is organized crime coordinated across national borders, involving groups or networks of individuals working in more than one country to plan and execute illegal business ventures.

New!!: Organized crime and Transnational organized crime · See more »

Treason

In law, treason is the crime that covers some of the more extreme acts against one's nation or sovereign.

New!!: Organized crime and Treason · See more »

Triad (organized crime)

A triad is one of many branches of Chinese transnational organized crime syndicates based in China, Hong Kong, Macau and Taiwan and in countries with significant Chinese populations, such as the United States, Canada, Vietnam, Korea, Japan, Singapore, the Philippines, Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, the United Kingdom, Belgium, the Netherlands, France, Spain, South Africa, Australia, Brazil and New Zealand.

New!!: Organized crime and Triad (organized crime) · See more »

TRIPS Agreement

The Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) is an international legal agreement between all the member nations of the World Trade Organization (WTO).

New!!: Organized crime and TRIPS Agreement · See more »

Trojan horse (computing)

In computing, a Trojan horse, or Trojan, is any malicious computer program which misleads users of its true intent.

New!!: Organized crime and Trojan horse (computing) · See more »

Tulip Revolution

The Tulip Revolution or First Kyrgyz Revolution led to President of Kyrgyzstan, Askar Akayev's fall from power.

New!!: Organized crime and Tulip Revolution · See more »

Turkey

Turkey (Türkiye), officially the Republic of Turkey (Türkiye Cumhuriyeti), is a transcontinental country in Eurasia, mainly in Anatolia in Western Asia, with a smaller portion on the Balkan peninsula in Southeast Europe.

New!!: Organized crime and Turkey · See more »

Turkic peoples

The Turkic peoples are a collection of ethno-linguistic groups of Central, Eastern, Northern and Western Asia as well as parts of Europe and North Africa.

New!!: Organized crime and Turkic peoples · See more »

Turkish mafia

Turkish mafia (Türk mafyası) is the general term for criminal organizations based in Turkey and/or composed of (former) Turkish citizens.

New!!: Organized crime and Turkish mafia · See more »

U.S. Customs and Border Protection

United States Customs and Border Protection (CBP) is the largest federal law enforcement agency of the United States Department of Homeland Security.

New!!: Organized crime and U.S. Customs and Border Protection · See more »

U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement

U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) is a law enforcement agency of the Federal government of the United States under the jurisdiction of the Department of Homeland Security (DHS).

New!!: Organized crime and U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement · See more »

Ukrainian mafia

Ukrainian mafia is a type of criminal organization with origins in Ukraine.

New!!: Organized crime and Ukrainian mafia · See more »

Unfree labour

Unfree labour is a generic or collective term for those work relations, especially in modern or early modern history, in which people are employed against their will with the threat of destitution, detention, violence (including death), compulsion, or other forms of extreme hardship to themselves or members of their families.

New!!: Organized crime and Unfree labour · See more »

UNICEF

The United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) is a United Nations (UN) program headquartered in New York City that provides humanitarian and developmental assistance to children and mothers in developing countries.

New!!: Organized crime and UNICEF · See more »

United Freedom Front

The United Freedom Front (UFF) was a small American Marxist organization active in the 1970s and 1980s.

New!!: Organized crime and United Freedom Front · See more »

United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime

The United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (UNTOC) is a 2000 United Nations-sponsored multilateral treaty against transnational organized crime.

New!!: Organized crime and United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime · See more »

United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime

The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC; French: Office des Nations unies contre la drogue et le crime) is a United Nations office that was established in 1997 as the Office for Drug Control and Crime Prevention by combining the United Nations International Drug Control Program (UNDCP) and the Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice Division in the United Nations Office at Vienna.

New!!: Organized crime and United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime · See more »

United States

The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.

New!!: Organized crime and United States · See more »

United States Border Patrol

The United States Border Patrol (USBP) is an American federal law enforcement agency.

New!!: Organized crime and United States Border Patrol · See more »

United States Coast Guard

The United States Coast Guard (USCG) is a branch of the United States Armed Forces and one of the country's seven uniformed services.

New!!: Organized crime and United States Coast Guard · See more »

United States Cyber Command

United States Cyber Command (USCYBERCOM) is one of ten unified commands of the United States Department of Defense.

New!!: Organized crime and United States Cyber Command · See more »

United States Department of Justice

The United States Department of Justice (DOJ), also known as the Justice Department, is a federal executive department of the U.S. government, responsible for the enforcement of the law and administration of justice in the United States, equivalent to the justice or interior ministries of other countries. The department was formed in 1870 during the Ulysses S. Grant administration. The Department of Justice administers several federal law enforcement agencies including the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), and the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA). The department is responsible for investigating instances of financial fraud, representing the United States government in legal matters (such as in cases before the Supreme Court), and running the federal prison system. The department is also responsible for reviewing the conduct of local law enforcement as directed by the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994. The department is headed by the United States Attorney General, who is nominated by the President and confirmed by the Senate and is a member of the Cabinet. The current Attorney General is Jeff Sessions.

New!!: Organized crime and United States Department of Justice · See more »

United States Marshals Service

The United States Marshals Service (USMS) is a federal law-enforcement agency within the U.S. Department of Justice.

New!!: Organized crime and United States Marshals Service · See more »

United States Postal Inspection Service

The United States Postal Inspection Service (USPIS) is the law enforcement arm of the United States Postal Service.

New!!: Organized crime and United States Postal Inspection Service · See more »

United States Secret Service

The United States Secret Service (also USSS or Secret Service) is a federal law enforcement agency under the U.S. Department of Homeland Security, charged with conducting criminal investigations and protecting the nation's leaders.

New!!: Organized crime and United States Secret Service · See more »

Vandals

The Vandals were a large East Germanic tribe or group of tribes that first appear in history inhabiting present-day southern Poland.

New!!: Organized crime and Vandals · See more »

Vicarious liability (criminal)

The legal principle of vicarious liability applies to hold one person liable for the actions of another when engaged in some form of joint or collective activity.

New!!: Organized crime and Vicarious liability (criminal) · See more »

Victorian era

In the history of the United Kingdom, the Victorian era was the period of Queen Victoria's reign, from 20 June 1837 until her death on 22 January 1901.

New!!: Organized crime and Victorian era · See more »

Vulnerability (computing)

In computer security, a vulnerability is a weakness which can be exploited by a Threat Actor, such as an attacker, to perform unauthorized actions within a computer system.

New!!: Organized crime and Vulnerability (computing) · See more »

War crime

A war crime is an act that constitutes a serious violation of the laws of war that gives rise to individual criminal responsibility.

New!!: Organized crime and War crime · See more »

Washington, D.C.

Washington, D.C., formally the District of Columbia and commonly referred to as Washington or D.C., is the capital of the United States of America.

New!!: Organized crime and Washington, D.C. · See more »

Weather Underground

The Weather Underground Organization (WUO), commonly known as the Weather Underground, was an American militant radical left-wing organization founded on the Ann Arbor campus of the University of Michigan.

New!!: Organized crime and Weather Underground · See more »

White-collar crime

White-collar crime refers to financially motivated, nonviolent crime committed by business and government professionals.

New!!: Organized crime and White-collar crime · See more »

Whitey Bulger

James Joseph "Whitey" Bulger Jr. (born September 3, 1929) is an Irish-American former organized crime boss of the Winter Hill Gang in Boston, Massachusetts.

New!!: Organized crime and Whitey Bulger · See more »

William J. Lynn III

William J. Lynn III (born January 1, 1954) is a former United States Deputy Secretary of Defense.

New!!: Organized crime and William J. Lynn III · See more »

Winter Hill Gang

The Winter Hill Gang is a structured confederation of Boston, Massachusetts–area organized crime figures, who are predominantly of Irish and Italian descent.

New!!: Organized crime and Winter Hill Gang · See more »

Woman

A woman is an adult female human being.

New!!: Organized crime and Woman · See more »

Yakuza

, also known as, are members of transnational organized crime syndicates originating in Japan.

New!!: Organized crime and Yakuza · See more »

18th Street gang

18th Street, also known as Calle 18, Barrio 18, Mara 18, or simply La 18 in Central America, is a multi-ethnic (largely Central American and Mexican) transnational criminal organization that started as a street gang in Los Angeles.

New!!: Organized crime and 18th Street gang · See more »

Redirects here:

Crime organization, Crime ring, Crime syndicates, Criminal Organisations, Criminal Organizations, Criminal business, Criminal empire, Criminal enterprise, Criminal group, Criminal organisation, Criminal organisations, Criminal organization, Criminal organizations, Criminal outfits, Criminal syndicate, Criminal underworld, Drug ring, List of Crime Organizations, ORGANIZED CRIME, Organised crime, Organised crime syndicate, Organized Crime, Organized crime syndicate, Organized crimes, Organized criminal groups, Organized mafia, Serious organised crime, Staged-accident crime ring, Underworld (criminal).

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Organized_crime

OutgoingIncoming
Hey! We are on Facebook now! »