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Index Organochloride

An organochloride, organochlorine compound, chlorocarbon, or chlorinated hydrocarbon is an organic compound containing at least one covalently bonded atom of chlorine that has an effect on the chemical behavior of the molecule. [1]

114 relations: Accounts of Chemical Research, Aldrin, Alicyclic compound, Alkaloid, Alkane, Alkene, Alkoxide, Alkylation, Alkyne, Amine, Amino acid, Analgesic, Analytical chemistry, Appel reaction, Arctic, Aryl, Azide, Bioaccumulation, Carbon tetrachloride, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Central nervous system, Chemical polarity, Chemical Society Reviews, Chemical weapon, Chlordane, Chlorine, Chlorodifluoromethane, Chloroethane, Chloroform, Chloromethane, Chlorosilane, Covalent bond, Cyanide, DDT, Degreasing, Depolarization, Dichlorodiphenyldichloroethane, Dichlorodiphenyldichloroethylene, Dichloroethene, Dichloromethane, Dicofol, Dieldrin, Dry cleaning, Electrophile, Endosulfan, Endrin, Epibatidine, Ether, Ethylene, Fatty acid, ..., Finkelstein reaction, Flavonoid, Friedel–Crafts reaction, GABAA receptor, Gamma-Aminobutyric acid, Grignard reaction, Halocarbon, Haloform reaction, Halogenation, Heptachlor, Hydrochloric acid, Hydrogen chloride, Hydrophile, Hydrophobe, Iodide, Isoflurane, Kepone, Lamotrigine, Leaving group, Lewis acids and bases, Lewisite, Loratadine, Lucas' reagent, Magnesium, Marine mammal, Mirex, Molecule, Nitrogen mustard, Nucleophile, Organic compound, Oxychlorination, Pentachlorophenol, Peripheral nervous system, Persistent organic pollutant, Phosphorus pentachloride, Phosphorus trichloride, Phytochemistry (journal), Polychlorinated biphenyl, Polychlorinated dibenzodioxins, Polyvinyl chloride, Pseudohalogen, Rachel Carson, Sertraline, Silent Spring, Silicone, Sodium, Sodium hydroxide, Steroid, Sucralose, Sulfur mustard, Terpene, Tetrafluoroethylene, Thiocyanate, Thioether, Thiol, Thionyl chloride, Trichloroethane, Vancomycin, Vinyl chloride, Water, Williamson ether synthesis, Wurtz reaction, Zinc chloride, 4-Chloroindole-3-acetic acid. Expand index (64 more) »

Accounts of Chemical Research

Accounts of Chemical Research is a monthly peer-reviewed scientific journal published by the American Chemical Society containing overviews of basic research and applications in chemistry and biochemistry.

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Aldrin is an organochlorine insecticide that was widely used until the 1990s, when it was banned in most countries.

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Alicyclic compound

An alicyclic compound is an organic compound that is both aliphatic and cyclic.

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Alkaloids are a class of naturally occurring chemical compounds that mostly contain basic nitrogen atoms.

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In organic chemistry, an alkane, or paraffin (a historical name that also has other meanings), is an acyclic saturated hydrocarbon.

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In organic chemistry, an alkene is an unsaturated hydrocarbon that contains at least one carbon–carbon double bond.

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An alkoxide is the conjugate base of an alcohol and therefore consists of an organic group bonded to a negatively charged oxygen atom.

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Alkylation is the transfer of an alkyl group from one molecule to another.

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In organic chemistry, an alkyne is an unsaturated hydrocarbon containing at least one carbon—carbon triple bond.

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In organic chemistry, amines are compounds and functional groups that contain a basic nitrogen atom with a lone pair.

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Amino acid

Amino acids are organic compounds containing amine (-NH2) and carboxyl (-COOH) functional groups, along with a side chain (R group) specific to each amino acid.

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An analgesic or painkiller is any member of the group of drugs used to achieve analgesia, relief from pain.

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Analytical chemistry

Analytical chemistry studies and uses instruments and methods used to separate, identify, and quantify matter.

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Appel reaction

The Appel reaction is an organic reaction that converts an alcohol into an alkyl chloride using triphenylphosphine and carbon tetrachloride.

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The Arctic is a polar region located at the northernmost part of Earth.

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In the context of organic molecules, aryl is any functional group or substituent derived from an aromatic ring, usually an aromatic hydrocarbon, such as phenyl and naphthyl.

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Azide is the anion with the formula N. It is the conjugate base of hydrazoic acid (HN3).

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Bioaccumulation is the accumulation of substances, such as pesticides, or other chemicals in an organism.

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Carbon tetrachloride

Carbon tetrachloride, also known by many other names (the most notable being tetrachloromethane, also recognized by the IUPAC, carbon tet in the cleaning industry, Halon-104 in firefighting, and Refrigerant-10 in HVACR) is an organic compound with the chemical formula CCl4.

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Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is the leading national public health institute of the United States.

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Central nervous system

The central nervous system (CNS) is the part of the nervous system consisting of the brain and spinal cord.

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Chemical polarity

In chemistry, polarity is a separation of electric charge leading to a molecule or its chemical groups having an electric dipole or multipole moment.

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Chemical Society Reviews

Chemical Society Reviews is a biweekly peer-reviewed scientific journal published by the Royal Society of Chemistry, for review articles on topics of current interest in chemistry.

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Chemical weapon

A chemical weapon (CW) is a specialized munition that uses chemicals formulated to inflict death or harm on humans.

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Chlordane is a chemical compound and also part of a similarly named pesticide mixture resulting from synthesis (main components- heptachlor, chlordane, and nonachlor).

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Chlorine is a chemical element with symbol Cl and atomic number 17.

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Chlorodifluoromethane or difluoromonochloromethane is a hydrochlorofluorocarbon (HCFC).

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Chloroethane or monochloroethane, commonly known by its old name ethyl chloride, is a chemical compound with chemical formula, once widely used in producing tetraethyllead, a gasoline additive.

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Chloroform, or trichloromethane, is an organic compound with formula CHCl3.

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Chloromethane, also called methyl chloride, Refrigerant-40, R-40 or HCC 40, is a chemical compound of the group of organic compounds called haloalkanes.

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Chlorosilanes are a group of reactive, chlorine-containing chemical compounds, related to silane and used in many chemical processes.

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Covalent bond

A covalent bond, also called a molecular bond, is a chemical bond that involves the sharing of electron pairs between atoms.

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A cyanide is a chemical compound that contains the group C≡N.

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Dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane, commonly known as DDT, is a colorless, tasteless, and almost odorless crystalline chemical compound, an organochlorine, originally developed as an insecticide, and ultimately becoming infamous for its environmental impacts.

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Degreasing, often called defatting or fat trimming, is the removal of fatty acids from an object.

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In biology, depolarization is a change within a cell, during which the cell undergoes a shift in electric charge distribution, resulting in less negative charge inside the cell.

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Dichlorodiphenyldichloroethane (DDD) is an organochlorine insecticide that is slightly irritating to the skin.

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Dichlorodiphenyldichloroethylene (DDE) is a chemical compound formed by the loss of hydrogen chloride (dehydrohalogenation) from DDT, of which it is one of the more common breakdown products.

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Dichloroethene or dichloroethylene, often abbreviated as DCE, can refer to any one of several isomeric forms of the organochloride with the molecular formula C2H2Cl2: There are three isomers.

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Methylene dichloride (DCM, or methylene chloride, or dichloromethane) is a geminal organic compound with the formula CH2Cl2.

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Dicofol is an organochlorine pesticide that is chemically related to DDT.

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Dieldrin is an organochloride originally produced in 1948 by J. Hyman & Co, Denver, as an insecticide.

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Dry cleaning

Dry cleaning is any cleaning process for clothing and textiles using a chemical solvent other than water.

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In organic chemistry, an electrophile is a reagent attracted to electrons.

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Endosulfan is an off-patent organochlorine insecticide and acaricide that is being phased out globally.

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Endrin is an organochloride with the chemical formula C12H8Cl6O that was first produced in 1950 by Shell and Velsicol Chemical Corporation.

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Epibatidine is a putative alkaloid that is secreted by the Ecuadoran frog Epipedobates anthonyi.

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Ethers are a class of organic compounds that contain an ether group—an oxygen atom connected to two alkyl or aryl groups.

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Ethylene (IUPAC name: ethene) is a hydrocarbon which has the formula or H2C.

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Fatty acid

In chemistry, particularly in biochemistry, a fatty acid is a carboxylic acid with a long aliphatic chain, which is either saturated or unsaturated.

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Finkelstein reaction

The Finkelstein reaction (often referred to as a halex reaction or halogen exchange) named after the German chemist Hans Finkelstein, is an SN2 reaction (Substitution Nucleophilic Bimolecular reaction) that involves the exchange of one halogen atom for another.

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Flavonoids (or bioflavonoids) (from the Latin word flavus meaning yellow, their color in nature) are a class of plant and fungus secondary metabolites.

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Friedel–Crafts reaction

The Friedel–Crafts reactions are a set of reactions developed by Charles Friedel and James Crafts in 1877 to attach substituents to an aromatic ring.

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GABAA receptor

The GABAA receptor (GABAAR) is an ionotropic receptor and ligand-gated ion channel.

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Gamma-Aminobutyric acid

gamma-Aminobutyric acid, or γ-aminobutyric acid, or GABA, is the chief inhibitory neurotransmitter in the mammalian central nervous system.

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Grignard reaction

The Grignard reaction (pronounced) is an organometallic chemical reaction in which alkyl, vinyl, or aryl-magnesium halides (Grignard reagents) add to a carbonyl group in an aldehyde or ketone.

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Halocarbon compounds are chemicals in which one or more carbon atoms are linked by covalent bonds with one or more halogen atoms (fluorine, chlorine, bromine or iodine –) resulting in the formation of organofluorine compounds, organochlorine compounds, organobromine compounds, and organoiodine compounds.

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Haloform reaction

The haloform reaction is a chemical reaction where a haloform (CHX3, where X is a halogen) is produced by the exhaustive halogenation of a methyl ketone (a molecule containing the R–CO–CH3 group) in the presence of a base.

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Halogenation is a chemical reaction that involves the addition of one or more halogens to a compound or material.

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Heptachlor is an organochlorine compound that was used as an insecticide.

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Hydrochloric acid

Hydrochloric acid is a colorless inorganic chemical system with the formula.

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Hydrogen chloride

The compound hydrogen chloride has the chemical formula and as such is a hydrogen halide.

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A hydrophile is a molecule or other molecular entity that is attracted to water molecules and tends to be dissolved by water.

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In chemistry, hydrophobicity is the physical property of a molecule (known as a hydrophobe) that is seemingly repelled from a mass of water.

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An iodide ion is the ion I−.

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Isoflurane, sold under the trade name Forane among others, is a general anesthetic.

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Kepone, also known as chlordecone, is an organochlorine compound and a colourless solid.

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Lamotrigine, sold as the brand name Lamictal among others, is an anticonvulsant medication used to treat epilepsy and bipolar disorder.

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Leaving group

In chemistry, a leaving group is a molecular fragment that departs with a pair of electrons in heterolytic bond cleavage.

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Lewis acids and bases

A Lewis acid is a chemical species that contains an empty orbital which is capable of accepting an electron pair from a Lewis base to form a Lewis adduct.

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Lewisite (L) is an organoarsenic compound.

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Loratadine, sold under the brand name Claritin among others, is a medication used to treat allergies.

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Lucas' reagent

Lucas' reagent is a solution of anhydrous zinc chloride in concentrated hydrochloric acid.

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Magnesium is a chemical element with symbol Mg and atomic number 12.

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Marine mammal

Marine mammals are aquatic mammals that rely on the ocean and other marine ecosystems for their existence.

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Mirex is an organochloride that was commercialized as an insecticide and later banned because of its impact on the environment.

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A molecule is an electrically neutral group of two or more atoms held together by chemical bonds.

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Nitrogen mustard

Nitrogen mustards are cytotoxic chemotherapy agents derived from mustard gas.

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Nucleophile is a chemical species that donates an electron pair to an electrophile to form a chemical bond in relation to a reaction.

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Organic compound

In chemistry, an organic compound is generally any chemical compound that contains carbon.

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In organic chemistry oxychlorination is a process for making C-Cl bonds.

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Pentachlorophenol (PCP) is an organochlorine compound used as a pesticide and a disinfectant.

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Peripheral nervous system

The peripheral nervous system (PNS) is one of the two components of the nervous system, the other part is the central nervous system (CNS).

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Persistent organic pollutant

Persistent organic pollutants (POPs) are organic compounds that are resistant to environmental degradation through chemical, biological, and photolytic processes.

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Phosphorus pentachloride

Phosphorus pentachloride is the chemical compound with the formula PCl5.

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Phosphorus trichloride

Phosphorus trichloride is a chemical compound of phosphorus and chlorine, having the chemical formula PCl3.

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Phytochemistry (journal)

Phytochemistry is a peer-reviewed scientific journal covering pure and applied plant chemistry, plant biochemistry and molecular biology.

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Polychlorinated biphenyl

A polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) is an organic chlorine compound with the formula C12H10−xClx.

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Polychlorinated dibenzodioxins

Polychlorinated dibenzodioxins (PCDDs), or simply dioxins, are a group of polyhalogenated organic compounds that are significant environmental pollutants.

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Polyvinyl chloride

Polyvinyl chloride, also known as polyvinyl or '''vinyl''', commonly abbreviated PVC, is the world's third-most widely produced synthetic plastic polymer, after polyethylene and polypropylene.

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The pseudohalogens are polyatomic analogues of halogens, whose chemistry, resembling that of the true halogens, allows them to substitute for halogens in several classes of chemical compounds.

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Rachel Carson

Rachel Louise Carson (May 27, 1907 – April 14, 1964) was an American marine biologist, author, and conservationist whose book Silent Spring and other writings are credited with advancing the global environmental movement.

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Sertraline, sold under the trade names Zoloft among others, is an antidepressant of the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) class.

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Silent Spring

Silent Spring is an environmental science book by Rachel Carson.

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Silicones, also known as polysiloxanes, are polymers that include any inert, synthetic compound made up of repeating units of siloxane, which is a chain of alternating silicon atoms and oxygen atoms, combined with carbon, hydrogen, and sometimes other elements.

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Sodium is a chemical element with symbol Na (from Latin natrium) and atomic number 11.

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Sodium hydroxide

Sodium hydroxide, also known as lye, is an inorganic compound with the formula NaOH. It is a white solid ionic compound consisting of sodium cations and hydroxide anions. Sodium hydroxide is a highly caustic base and alkali that decomposes proteins at ordinary ambient temperatures and may cause severe chemical burns. It is highly soluble in water, and readily absorbs moisture and carbon dioxide from the air. It forms a series of hydrates NaOH·n. The monohydrate NaOH· crystallizes from water solutions between 12.3 and 61.8 °C. The commercially available "sodium hydroxide" is often this monohydrate, and published data may refer to it instead of the anhydrous compound. As one of the simplest hydroxides, it is frequently utilized alongside neutral water and acidic hydrochloric acid to demonstrate the pH scale to chemistry students. Sodium hydroxide is used in many industries: in the manufacture of pulp and paper, textiles, drinking water, soaps and detergents, and as a drain cleaner. Worldwide production in 2004 was approximately 60 million tonnes, while demand was 51 million tonnes.

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A steroid is a biologically active organic compound with four rings arranged in a specific molecular configuration.

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Sucralose is an artificial sweetener and sugar substitute.

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Sulfur mustard

Sulfur mustard, commonly known as mustard gas, is the prototypical substance of the sulfur-based family of cytotoxic and vesicant chemical warfare agents known as the sulfur mustards which have the ability to form large blisters on exposed skin and in the lungs.

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Terpenes are a large and diverse class of organic compounds, produced by a variety of plants, particularly conifers, and by some insects.

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Tetrafluoroethylene (TFE) is a fluoromonomer with chemical formula C2F4.

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Thiocyanate (also known as rhodanide) is the anion −. It is the conjugate base of thiocyanic acid.

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A thioether is a functional group in organosulfur chemistry with the connectivity C–S–C as shown on right.

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Thiol is an organosulfur compound that contains a carbon-bonded sulfhydryl (R–SH) group (where R represents an alkyl or other organic substituent).

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Thionyl chloride

Thionyl chloride is an inorganic compound with the chemical formula SOCl2.

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Trichloroethane can refer to either of two isomeric chemical compounds.

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Vancomycin is an antibiotic used to treat a number of bacterial infections.

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Vinyl chloride

Vinyl chloride is an organochloride with the formula H2C.

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Water is a transparent, tasteless, odorless, and nearly colorless chemical substance that is the main constituent of Earth's streams, lakes, and oceans, and the fluids of most living organisms.

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Williamson ether synthesis

The Williamson ether synthesis is an organic reaction, forming an ether from an organohalide and a deprotonated alcohol (alkoxide).

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Wurtz reaction

The Wurtz reaction, named after Charles-Adolphe Wurtz, is a coupling reaction in organic chemistry, organometallic chemistry and recently inorganic main group polymers, whereby two alkyl halides are reacted with sodium metal in dry ether solution to form a higher alkane: Other metals have also been used to effect the Wurtz coupling, among them silver, zinc, iron, activated copper, indium and a mixture of manganese and copper chloride.

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Zinc chloride

Zinc chloride is the name of chemical compounds with the formula ZnCl2 and its hydrates.

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4-Chloroindole-3-acetic acid

4-Chloroindole-3-acetic acid (4-Cl-IAA) is an organic compound that functions as a plant hormone.

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Alkyl Chloride, Alkyl chloride, Chlorinated Hydrocarbon, Chlorinated Solvent, Chlorinated Solvents, Chlorinated hydrocarbon, Chlorinated hydrocarbons, Chlorinated solvent, Chlorinated solvents, Chloroalkane, Chloroalkanes, Chlorocarbon, Chlorocarbons, Organic chloride, Organochlorides, Organochlorine, Organochlorine compound, Organochlorine pesticide, Organochlorine pesticides, Organochlorines.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Organochloride

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