23 relations: Amino acid, Arginase, Arginine, Aspartic acid, Carbamoyl phosphate, Cirrhosis, DNA, Escherichia coli, Ethanol, Fumaric acid, Glutamic acid, Growth hormone, Guanidine, Nitrogen, Non-proteinogenic amino acids, Ornithine decarboxylase, Ornithine transcarbamylase deficiency, Polyamine, Proteinogenic amino acid, Putrescine, Radical (chemistry), Urea, Urea cycle.
Amino acids are organic compounds containing amine (-NH2) and carboxyl (-COOH) functional groups, along with a side chain (R group) specific to each amino acid.
Arginase (arginine amidinase, canavanase, L-arginase, arginine transamidinase) is a manganese-containing enzyme.
Arginine (symbol Arg or R) is an α-amino acid that is used in the biosynthesis of proteins.
Aspartic acid (symbol Asp or D; salts known as aspartates), is an α-amino acid that is used in the biosynthesis of proteins.
Carbamoyl phosphate is an anion of biochemical significance.
Cirrhosis is a condition in which the liver does not function properly due to long-term damage.
Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) is a thread-like chain of nucleotides carrying the genetic instructions used in the growth, development, functioning and reproduction of all known living organisms and many viruses.
Escherichia coli (also known as E. coli) is a Gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped, coliform bacterium of the genus Escherichia that is commonly found in the lower intestine of warm-blooded organisms (endotherms).
Ethanol, also called alcohol, ethyl alcohol, grain alcohol, and drinking alcohol, is a chemical compound, a simple alcohol with the chemical formula.
Fumaric acid or trans-butenedioic acid is the chemical compound with the formula HO2CCH.
Glutamic acid (symbol Glu or E) is an α-amino acid with formula.
Growth hormone (GH), also known as somatotropin (or as human growth hormone in its human form), is a peptide hormone that stimulates growth, cell reproduction, and cell regeneration in humans and other animals.
Guanidine is the compound with the formula HNC(NH2)2.
Nitrogen is a chemical element with symbol N and atomic number 7.
In biochemistry, non-coded or non-proteinogenic amino acids are those not naturally encoded or found in the genetic code of any organism.
The enzyme ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) catalyzes the decarboxylation of ornithine (a product of the urea cycle) to form putrescine.
Ornithine transcarbamylase deficiency (AKA OTC deficiency) is the most common urea cycle disorder in humans.
A polyamine is an organic compound having more than two amino groups.
Proteinogenic amino acids are amino acids that are incorporated biosynthetically into proteins during translation.
Putrescine, or tetramethylenediamine, is a foul-smelling organic chemical compound NH2(CH2)4NH2 (1,4-diaminobutane or butanediamine) that is related to cadaverine; both are produced by the breakdown of amino acids in living and dead organisms and both are toxic in large doses.
In chemistry, a radical (more precisely, a free radical) is an atom, molecule, or ion that has an unpaired valence electron.
Urea, also known as carbamide, is an organic compound with chemical formula CO(NH2)2.
The urea cycle (also known as the ornithine cycle) is a cycle of biochemical reactions that produces urea ((NH2)2CO) from ammonia (NH3).