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Ornithine

Index Ornithine

Ornithine is a non-proteinogenic amino acid that plays a role in the urea cycle. [1]

23 relations: Amino acid, Arginase, Arginine, Aspartic acid, Carbamoyl phosphate, Cirrhosis, DNA, Escherichia coli, Ethanol, Fumaric acid, Glutamic acid, Growth hormone, Guanidine, Nitrogen, Non-proteinogenic amino acids, Ornithine decarboxylase, Ornithine transcarbamylase deficiency, Polyamine, Proteinogenic amino acid, Putrescine, Radical (chemistry), Urea, Urea cycle.

Amino acid

Amino acids are organic compounds containing amine (-NH2) and carboxyl (-COOH) functional groups, along with a side chain (R group) specific to each amino acid.

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Arginase

Arginase (arginine amidinase, canavanase, L-arginase, arginine transamidinase) is a manganese-containing enzyme.

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Arginine

Arginine (symbol Arg or R) is an α-amino acid that is used in the biosynthesis of proteins.

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Aspartic acid

Aspartic acid (symbol Asp or D; salts known as aspartates), is an α-amino acid that is used in the biosynthesis of proteins.

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Carbamoyl phosphate

Carbamoyl phosphate is an anion of biochemical significance.

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Cirrhosis

Cirrhosis is a condition in which the liver does not function properly due to long-term damage.

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DNA

Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) is a thread-like chain of nucleotides carrying the genetic instructions used in the growth, development, functioning and reproduction of all known living organisms and many viruses.

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Escherichia coli

Escherichia coli (also known as E. coli) is a Gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped, coliform bacterium of the genus Escherichia that is commonly found in the lower intestine of warm-blooded organisms (endotherms).

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Ethanol

Ethanol, also called alcohol, ethyl alcohol, grain alcohol, and drinking alcohol, is a chemical compound, a simple alcohol with the chemical formula.

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Fumaric acid

Fumaric acid or trans-butenedioic acid is the chemical compound with the formula HO2CCH.

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Glutamic acid

Glutamic acid (symbol Glu or E) is an α-amino acid with formula.

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Growth hormone

Growth hormone (GH), also known as somatotropin (or as human growth hormone in its human form), is a peptide hormone that stimulates growth, cell reproduction, and cell regeneration in humans and other animals.

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Guanidine

Guanidine is the compound with the formula HNC(NH2)2.

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Nitrogen

Nitrogen is a chemical element with symbol N and atomic number 7.

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Non-proteinogenic amino acids

In biochemistry, non-coded or non-proteinogenic amino acids are those not naturally encoded or found in the genetic code of any organism.

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Ornithine decarboxylase

The enzyme ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) catalyzes the decarboxylation of ornithine (a product of the urea cycle) to form putrescine.

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Ornithine transcarbamylase deficiency

Ornithine transcarbamylase deficiency (AKA OTC deficiency) is the most common urea cycle disorder in humans.

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Polyamine

A polyamine is an organic compound having more than two amino groups.

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Proteinogenic amino acid

Proteinogenic amino acids are amino acids that are incorporated biosynthetically into proteins during translation.

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Putrescine

Putrescine, or tetramethylenediamine, is a foul-smelling organic chemical compound NH2(CH2)4NH2 (1,4-diaminobutane or butanediamine) that is related to cadaverine; both are produced by the breakdown of amino acids in living and dead organisms and both are toxic in large doses.

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Radical (chemistry)

In chemistry, a radical (more precisely, a free radical) is an atom, molecule, or ion that has an unpaired valence electron.

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Urea

Urea, also known as carbamide, is an organic compound with chemical formula CO(NH2)2.

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Urea cycle

The urea cycle (also known as the ornithine cycle) is a cycle of biochemical reactions that produces urea ((NH2)2CO) from ammonia (NH3).

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Redirects here:

C5H12N2O2, L-ornithine.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ornithine

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