113 relations: American Board of Medical Specialties, American Osteopathic Association Bureau of Osteopathic Specialists, American Osteopathic Board of Orthopedic Surgery, Anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction, Antonius Mathijsen, AO Foundation, Army Reserve (United Kingdom), Arthroplasty, Arthroscopy, Æ, Battle, Bicycle, Blood, Bone, Bone cement, Bone fracture, Bone grafting, Carpal tunnel, Chondroplasty, Clavicle, Computer-assisted orthopedic surgery, Congenital disorder, Debridement, Degenerative disease, Distraction osteogenesis, Exeter, Family medicine, Femur, Fibula, Fixation (histology), Foot and ankle surgery, Gait analysis, Gavriil Ilizarov, Gerhard Küntscher, Germany, Greek language, Hammersmith, Hand surgery, Harborview Medical Center, Hip replacement, Hugh Owen Thomas, Human musculoskeletal system, Ilizarov apparatus, Infection, Intervertebral disc, Intramedullary rod, Jean-André Venel, John Charnley, John Hunter (surgeon), John Insall, ..., Joint replacement, Knee replacement, Laminectomy, List of Latin-script digraphs, List of orthopedic implants, Major trauma, Manchester Ship Canal, Masaki Watanabe, Middle Ages, Military, Muscle, Neoplasm, Netherlands, Neurosurgery, Nicolas Andry, Orthopaedic nursing, Orthopedic cast, Orthopedic surgery, Orthotics, Osteoarthritis, Osteoclast, Osteotomy, Percivall Pott, Physical exercise, Plaster, Plastic surgery, Podiatry, Poly(methyl methacrylate), Polyethylene, Pott disease, Radius (bone), Reconstructive surgery, Research, Residency (medicine), Rheumatoid arthritis, Robert Jones (surgeon), Royal Australasian College of Surgeons, Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada, Siberia, Skin, Soviet Union, Specialist registrar, Spinal fusion, Sports injury, Sports medicine, Stainless steel, Surgery, Tendon, Thomas test, Tibia, Traction (orthopedics), Traction splint, Tribology, Tuberculosis, Ulna, United States, United States Department of Labor, University of Paris, Vertebral column, Vietnam War, Wales, World War I, World War II. Expand index (63 more) » « Shrink index
Established in 1933, the American Board of Medical Specialties (ABMS) is a non-profit organization of approved medical boards (officially referred to as the "Member Boards" (see below), which represent 24 broad areas of specialty medicine. ABMS is the largest physician-led specialty certification organization in the United States. ABMS Member Boards have maintained a rigorous process for the evaluation and Board certification of medical specialists. They certify specialists in more than 150 medical specialties and subspecialties. More than 80 percent of practicing physicians in the United States have achieved Board Certification by one or more of the ABMS Member Boards. The Member Boards support lifelong learning by physicians through the ABMS Maintenance of Certification (ABMS MOC) program. ABMS also collaborates with other professional medical organizations and agencies to set standards for graduate medical school education and accreditation of residency programs. ABMS makes information available to the public about the Board Certification of physicians and their participation in the ABMS MOC program.
Established in 1939, the American Osteopathic Association Bureau of Osteopathic Specialists (AOABOS) is a non-profit umbrella organization for 18 medical specialty boards in the United States.
The American Osteopathic Board of Orthopedic Surgery (AOBOS) is an organization that provides board certification to qualified Doctors of Osteopathic Medicine (D.O.) who specialize in the medical and surgical treatment of disorders of the musculoskeletal system (orthopedic surgeons).
Anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACL reconstruction) is a surgical tissue graft replacement of the anterior cruciate ligament, located in the knee, to restore its function after anterior cruciate ligament injury.
Antonius Mathijsen (November 4, 1805–June 15, 1878) was a Dutch army surgeon who first used plaster of paris to fixate broken bones.
The AO Foundation is a nonprofit organization dedicated to improving the care of patients with musculoskeletal injuries and their sequelae through research, development, education and quality assurance in the principles, practice, and result of fracture treatment.
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The Army Reserve (previously known as the Territorial Force, Territorial Army (TA) and the Territorial and Army Volunteer Reserve (TAVR) from 1920 to 2014) is the active-duty volunteer reserve force and integrated element of the British Army.
Arthroplasty (literally "forming of joint") is an orthopedic surgical procedure where the articular surface of a musculoskeletal joint is replaced, remodeled, or realigned by osteotomy or some other procedure.
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Arthroscopy (also called arthroscopic surgery) is a minimally invasive surgical procedure on a joint in which an examination and sometimes treatment of damage is performed using an arthroscope, an endoscope that is inserted into the joint through a small incision.
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Æ (minuscule: æ) is a grapheme named aesc or ash, formed from the letters a and e. Originally a ligature representing a Latin diphthong, it has been promoted to the full status of a letter in the alphabets of some languages, including Danish, Norwegian, Icelandic and Faroese.
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Generally, a battle is a conceptual component in the hierarchy of combat in warfare between two or more armed forces, or combatants.
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A bicycle, often called a bike or cycle, is a human-powered, pedal-driven, single-track vehicle, having two wheels attached to a frame, one behind the other.
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Blood is a bodily fluid in humans and other animals that delivers necessary substances such as nutrients and oxygen to the cells and transports metabolic waste products away from those same cells.
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A bone is a rigid organ that constitutes part of the vertebral skeleton.
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Bone cements have been used very successfully to anchor artificial joints (hip joints, knee joints, shoulder and elbow joints) for more than half a century.
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A bone fracture (sometimes abbreviated FRX or Fx, Fx, or #) is a medical condition in which there is a damage in the continuity of the bone.
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Bone grafting is a surgical procedure that replaces missing bone in order to repair bone fractures that are extremely complex, pose a significant health risk to the patient, or fail to heal properly.
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In the human body, the carpal tunnel or carpal canal is the passageway on the palmar side of the wrist that connects the forearm to the middle compartment of the deep plane of the palm.
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Chondroplasty refers to surgery of the cartilage, the most common being corrective surgery of the cartilage of the knee.
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In human anatomy, the clavicle or collarbone is a long bone that serves as a strut between the shoulder blade and the breastbone.
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Computer-assisted orthopedic surgery or computer-assisted orthopaedic surgery (sometimes abbreviated as CAOS) is a discipline where computer technology is applied pre-, intra- and/or post-operatively to improve the outcome of orthopedic surgical procedures.
Congenital disorder, also known as congenital disease, birth defect or anomaly, is a condition existing at or before birth regardless of cause.
Debridement is the medical removal of dead, damaged, or infected tissue to improve the healing potential of the remaining healthy tissue.
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Distraction osteogenesis, also called callus distraction, callotasis, and osteodistraction, is a surgical process used to reconstruct skeletal deformities and lengthen the long bones of the body.
Exeter is a historic city in Devon, England.
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Family medicine (FM), formerly family practice (FP), is a medical specialty devoted to comprehensive health care for people of all ages; the specialist is named a family physician, family doctor, or family nurse practitioner.
The femur (pl. femurs or femora), or thigh bone, is the most proximal (closest to the center of the body) bone of the leg in tetrapod vertebrates capable of walking or jumping, such as most land mammals, birds, many reptiles such as lizards, and amphibians such as frogs.
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The fibula or calf bone is a leg bone located on the lateral side of the tibia, with which it is connected above and below.
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In the fields of histology, pathology, and cell biology, fixation is a critical step in the preparation of histological sections by which biological tissues are preserved from decay, thereby preventing autolysis or putrefaction.
Foot and ankle surgery is a sub-specialty of orthopedics and podiatry that deals with the treatment, diagnosis and prevention of disorders of the foot and ankle.
Gait analysis is the systematic study of animal locomotion, more specifically the study of human motion, using the eye and the brain of observers, augmented by instrumentation for measuring body movements, body mechanics, and the activity of the muscles.
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Gavriil Abramovich Ilizarov (Гавриил Абрамович Илизаров; 15 June 1921 – 24 July 1992) was a Soviet physician, known for inventing the Ilizarov apparatus for lengthening limb bones and for the method of surgery named after him, the Ilizarov surgery.
Gerhard Küntscher (6 December 1900 &ndash) was a German surgeon who inaugurated the intramedullary nailing of long bone fractures.
Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a federal parliamentary republic in western-central Europe.
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Greek or Hellenic (Modern Greek: ελληνικά, elliniká, "Greek", ελληνική γλώσσα, ellinikí glóssa, "Greek language") is an independent branch of the Indo-European family of languages, native to the southern Balkans, the Aegean Islands, western Asia Minor, parts of northern and Eastern Anatolia and the South Caucasus, southern Italy, Albania and Cyprus.
Hammersmith is a district in west London, England, located in the London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham.
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The field of hand surgery deals with both surgical and non-surgical treatment of conditions and problems that may take place in the hand or upper extremity (commonly from the tip of the hand to the shoulder) including injury and infection.
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Harborview Medical Center, located on Seattle's First Hill, is a public hospital in King County, Washington and is managed by UW Medicine.
Hip replacement is a surgical procedure in which the hip joint is replaced by a prosthetic implant.
Hugh Owen Thomas (23 August 1834 – 1891) was a Welsh surgeon.
The human musculoskeletal system (also known as the locomotor system, and previously the activity system) is an organ system that gives humans the ability to move using their muscular and skeletal systems.
The Ilizarov apparatus is a type of external fixation used in orthopedic surgery to lengthen or reshape limb bones; to treat complex and/or open bone fractures; and in cases of infected non-unions of bones that are not amenable with other techniques.
Infection is the invasion of an organism's body tissues by disease-causing agents, their multiplication, and the reaction of host tissues to these organisms and the toxins they produce.
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An intervertebral disc (or intervertebral fibrocartilage) lies between adjacent vertebrae in the vertebral column.
An intramedullary rod, also known as an intramedullary nail (IM nail) or inter-locking nail or Küntscher nail (without proximal or distal fixation), is a metal rod forced into the medullary cavity of a bone.
Jean-André Venel (28 May 1740 – 9 March 1791) was a Swiss doctor and a pioneer in the field of orthopedics.
Sir John Charnley FRS (29 August 1911 – 5 August 1982) was a British orthopaedic surgeon.
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John Hunter (13 February 1728 – 16 October 1793) was a Scottish surgeon, one of the most distinguished scientists and surgeons of his day.
John Nevil Insall (1930–2000) was a pioneering English orthopaedic surgeon who contributed extensively to the advancement of total knee replacement surgery.
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Replacement arthroplasty (from Greek arthron, joint, limb, articulate, + plassein, to form, mould, forge, feign, make an image of), or joint replacement surgery, is a procedure of orthopedic surgery in which an arthritic or dysfunctional joint surface is replaced with an orthopedic prosthesis.
Knee replacement, or knee arthroplasty, is a surgical procedure to replace the weight-bearing surfaces of the knee joint to relieve pain and disability.
A laminectomy is a surgical procedure that removes a portion of the vertebral bone called the lamina.
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This is a list of digraphs used in various Latin alphabets.
An orthopedic implant is a medical device manufactured to replace a missing joint or bone or to support a damaged bone.
Major trauma is any injury that can potentially lead to serious outcomes.
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The Manchester Ship Canal is a inland waterway in the North West of England linking Manchester to the Irish Sea.
Masaki Watanabe (1911 – 15 October 1995) was a Japanese orthopedic surgeon, sometimes called the "founder of modern arthroscopy".
In European history, the Middle Ages or Medieval period lasted from the 5th to the 15th century.
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The military, also called the armed forces, are forces authorized to use deadly force, and weapons, to support the interests of the state and some or all of its citizens.
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Muscle is a soft tissue found in most animals.
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Neoplasm (from Ancient Greek νέος- neo "new" and πλάσμα plasma "formation, creation") is an abnormal growth of tissue, and when also forming a mass is commonly referred to as a tumor or tumour.
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The Netherlands (Nederland) is the main "constituent country" (land) of the Kingdom of the Netherlands.
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Neurosurgery (or neurological surgery) is the medical specialty concerned with the prevention, diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of disorders which affect any portion of the nervous system including the brain, spinal cord, peripheral nerves, and extra-cranial cerebrovascular system.
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Nicolas Andry de Bois-Regard (1658 – 13 May 1742) was a French physician and writer.
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Orthopaedic nursing (or orthopedic nursing) is a nursing specialty focused on the prevention and treatment of musculoskeletal disorders.
An orthopedic cast, body cast, plaster cast, or surgical cast, is a shell, frequently made from plaster, encasing a limb (or, in some cases, large portions of the body) to stabilize and hold anatomical structures, most often a broken bone (or bones), in place until healing is confirmed.
Orthopaedic surgery or orthopaedics (sometimes spelled orthopedic surgery and orthopedics) is the branch of surgery concerned with conditions involving the musculoskeletal system.
Orthotics (Greek: Ορθός, ortho, "to straighten" or "align") is a specialty within the medical field concerned with the design, manufacture and application of orthoses.
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Osteoarthritis (OA) also known as degenerative arthritis, degenerative joint disease, or osteoarthrosis, is a type of joint disease that results from breakdown of joint cartilage and underlying bone.
An osteoclast (from the Greek words for "bone" (ὀστέον), and "broken" (κλαστός)) is a type of bone cell that breaks down bone tissue.
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An osteotomy is a surgical operation whereby a bone is cut to shorten or lengthen it or to change its alignment.
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Sir Percivall Pott (6 January 1714 – 22 December 1788) born in London, England was an English surgeon, one of the founders of orthopedy, and the first scientist to demonstrate that a cancer may be caused by an environmental carcinogen.
Physical exercise is any bodily activity that enhances or maintains physical fitness and overall health and wellness.
Plaster, stucco or render is a building material used for coating walls and ceilings.
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Plastic surgery is a medical procedure with the purpose of alteration or restoring the form of the body.
Podiatry or podiatric medicine also known in Ontario as Chiropody with exception of bone surgery is a branch of medicine devoted to the study of diagnosis, medical and surgical treatment of disorders of the foot, ankle, and lower extremity.
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Poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA), also known as acrylic or acrylic glass as well as by the trade names Plexiglas, Acrylite, Lucite, and Perspex among several others (see below), is a transparent thermoplastic often used in sheet form as a lightweight or shatter-resistant alternative to glass.
Polyethylene (abbreviated PE) or polyethene (IUPAC name polyethene or poly(methylene)) is the most common plastic.
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Pott disease or Pott's disease is a form of tuberculosis that occurs outside of the lungs whereby disease is seen in the spinal vertebrae.
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The radius or radial bone is one of the two large bones of the forearm, the other being the ulna.
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Reconstructive surgery is, in its broadest sense, the use of surgery to restore the form and function of the body; maxillo-facial surgeons, plastic surgeons and otolaryngologists do reconstructive surgery on faces after trauma and to reconstruct the head and neck after cancer.
Research comprises "creative work undertaken on a systematic basis in order to increase the stock of knowledge, including knowledge of humans, culture and society, and the use of this stock of knowledge to devise new applications." It is used to establish or confirm facts, reaffirm the results of previous work, solve new or existing problems, support theorems, or develop new theories.
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Residency is a stage of graduate medical training.
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a long lasting autoimmune disorder that primarily affects joints.
Sir Robert Jones, 1st Baronet, KBE, CB (28 June 1857 – 14 January 1933) was a British orthopaedic surgeon who helped to establish the modern specialty of orthpaedic surgery in Britain.
The Royal Australasian College of Surgeons (RACS) is the leading advocate for surgical standards, professionalism and surgical education in Australia and New Zealand.
The Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada (Royal College), French: Collège royal des médecins et chirurgiens du Canada, is a national, nonprofit organization established in 1929 by a special Act of Parliament to oversee the medical education of specialists in Canada.
Siberia (a) is an extensive geographical region, and by the broadest definition is also known as North Asia.
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Skin is the soft outer covering of vertebrates.
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The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (a) abbreviated to USSR (r) or shortened to the Soviet Union (p), was a Marxist–Leninist state on the Eurasian continent that existed between 1922 and 1991.
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A Specialist Registrar or SpR is a doctor in the Republic of Ireland and formerly in the United Kingdom who is receiving advanced training in a specialist field of medicine in order eventually to become a consultant.
Spinal fusion, also called spondylodesis or spondylosyndesis, is a orthopedic surgical technique used to join two or more vertebrae.
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Sports injuries are injuries that occur in athletic activities.
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Sports medicine, also known as sport and exercise medicine, is a branch of medicine that deals with physical fitness and the treatment and prevention of injuries related to sports and exercise.
In metallurgy, stainless steel, also known as inox steel or inox from French "inoxydable", is a steel alloy with a minimum of 10.5% chromium content by mass.
Surgery (from the χειρουργική cheirourgikē (composed of χείρ, "hand", and ἔργον, "work"), via chirurgiae, meaning "hand work") is an ancient medical specialty that uses operative manual and instrumental techniques on a patient to investigate and/or treat a pathological condition such as disease or injury, to help improve bodily function or appearance or to repair unwanted ruptured areas (for example, a perforated ear drum).
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A tendon (or sinew) is a tough band of fibrous connective tissue that usually connects muscle to bone and is capable of withstanding tension.
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The Thomas test (Hugh Owen Thomas well leg raising test) is a physical examination test, named after Dr.
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The tibia (plural tibiae or tibias), also known as the shinbone or shankbone, is the larger and stronger of the two bones in the leg below the knee in vertebrates (the other being the fibula), and it connects the knee with the ankle bones.
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In orthopedic medicine, traction refers to the set of mechanisms for straightening broken bones or relieving pressure on the spineBurke, G.L., "" and skeletal system.
A traction splint most commonly refers to a splinting device that uses straps attaching over the pelvis or hip as an anchor, a metal rod(s) to mimic normal bone stability and limb length, and a mechanical device to apply traction (used in an attempt to reduce pain, realign the limb, and minimize vascular and neurological complication) to the limb.
Tribology is the science and engineering of interacting surfaces in relative motion.
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Tuberculosis, MTB, or TB (short for tubercle bacillus), in the past also called phthisis, phthisis pulmonalis, or consumption, is a widespread, infectious disease caused by various strains of mycobacteria, usually Mycobacterium tuberculosis.
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The ulna is one of the two long bones in the forearm (the other is the radius).
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The United States of America (USA), commonly referred to as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major territories and various possessions.
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The United States Department of Labor (DOL) is a cabinet-level department of the U.S. federal government responsible for occupational safety, wage and hour standards, unemployment insurance benefits, reemployment services, and some economic statistics; many U.S. states also have such departments.
The University of Paris (L'Université de Paris), metonymically known as the Sorbonne, was a French university, founded circa 1150 in Paris, France, recognised 1200 by King Philip II and 1215 by Pope Innocent III, as one of the first universities.
The vertebral column, also known as the backbone or spine, is a bony skeletal structure found in vertebrates.
The Vietnam War (Chiến tranh Việt Nam), also known as the Second Indochina War, and also known in Vietnam as Resistance War Against America (Kháng chiến chống Mỹ) or simply the American War, was a Cold War-era proxy war that occurred in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia from 1 November 1955 to the fall of Saigon on 30 April 1975.
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Wales (Cymru) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and the island of Great Britain, bordered by England to its east, the Irish Sea to its north and west, and the Bristol Channel to its south.
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World War I (WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War or the Great War, was a global war centered in Europe that began on 28 July 1914 and lasted until 11 November 1918.
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World War II (WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, though related conflicts began earlier.
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