119 relations: American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, American Board of Medical Specialties, American Osteopathic Association Bureau of Osteopathic Specialists, American Osteopathic Board of Orthopedic Surgery, Ancient Greek, Anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction, Antonius Mathijsen, AO Foundation, Army Reserve (United Kingdom), Arthroplasty, Arthroscopy, Assimilation (phonology), Æ, Battle, Bicycle, Birth defect, Blood, Bone, Bone cement, Bone fracture, Bone grafting, Bonesetter, Carpal tunnel, Chondroplasty, Clavicle, Computer-assisted orthopedic surgery, Debridement, Degenerative disease, Distraction osteogenesis, Exercise, Exeter, Family medicine, Femur, Fibula, Fixation (histology), Foot and ankle surgery, Gait analysis, Gavriil Ilizarov, Gerhard Küntscher, Germany, Hammersmith, Hand surgery, Harborview Medical Center, Hip replacement, Hugh Owen Thomas, Human musculoskeletal system, Ilizarov apparatus, Index of trauma and orthopaedics articles, Infection, Injury, ..., Intervertebral disc, Intramedullary rod, Ischemia-reperfusion injury of the appendicular musculoskeletal system, Jean-André Venel, John Charnley, John Hunter (surgeon), John Insall, Joint replacement, Knee replacement, Laminectomy, List of Latin-script digraphs, List of orthopedic implants, Manchester Ship Canal, Masaki Watanabe, Middle Ages, Military, Muscle, Neoplasm, Netherlands, Neurosurgery, Nicolas Andry, Orthopaedic nursing, Orthopedic cast, Orthotics, Osteoarthritis, Osteoclast, Osteotomy, Percivall Pott, Plaster, Plastic surgery, Podiatry, Poly(methyl methacrylate), Polyethylene, Pott disease, Radius (bone), Reconstructive surgery, Research, Residency (medicine), Rheumatoid arthritis, Rheumatology, Royal Australasian College of Surgeons, Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada, Siberia, Sir Robert Jones, 1st Baronet, Skin, Soviet Union, Specialist registrar, Spinal fusion, Sports injury, Sports medicine, Stainless steel, Surgery, Tendon, Thomas test, Tibia, Traction (orthopedics), Traction splint, Tribology, Tuberculosis, Typographic ligature, Ulna, United States, United States Department of Labor, University of Paris, Vertebral column, Vietnam War, Wales, World War I, World War II. Expand index (69 more) » « Shrink index
The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS) is an orthopedic organization.
Established in 1933, the American Board of Medical Specialties (ABMS) is a self-declared non-profit organization (that actively engages in lobbying activities) of approved medical boards (officially referred to as the "Member Boards" (see below), which represent 24 broad areas of specialty medicine. ABMS is the largest physician-led specialty certification organization in the United States. ABMS Member Boards have maintained a rigorous process for the evaluation and Board certification of medical specialists, though none of the processes have been confirmed by independent third-party review. They certify specialists in more than 150 medical specialties and subspecialties. More than 80 percent of practicing physicians in the United States have achieved Board Certification by one or more of the ABMS Member Boards. The Member Boards support lifelong learning by physicians through the ABMS Maintenance of Certification (ABMS MOC) program. ABMS also collaborates with other professional medical organizations and agencies to set standards for graduate medical school education and accreditation of residency programs. ABMS makes information available to the public about the Board Certification of physicians and their participation in the ABMS MOC program.
Established in 1939, the American Osteopathic Association Bureau of Osteopathic Specialists (AOABOS) is a non-profit umbrella organization for 18 medical specialty boards in the United States.
The American Osteopathic Board of Orthopedic Surgery (AOBOS) is an organization that provides board certification to qualified Doctors of Osteopathic Medicine (D.O.) who specialize in the medical and surgical treatment of disorders of the musculoskeletal system (orthopedic surgeons).
The Ancient Greek language includes the forms of Greek used in ancient Greece and the ancient world from around the 9th century BC to the 6th century AD.
Anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACL reconstruction) is a surgical tissue graft replacement of the anterior cruciate ligament, located in the knee, to restore its function after an injury.
Antonius Mathijsen (November 4, 1805–June 15, 1878) was a Dutch army surgeon who first used plaster of paris to fixate broken bones in a plaster cast.
The AO Foundation is a nonprofit organization dedicated to improving the care of people with musculoskeletal injuries and their sequelae through research, development, education and quality assurance in the principles, practice, and result of fracture treatment.
The Army Reserve is the active-duty volunteer reserve force and integrated element of the British Army.
Arthroplasty (literally "forming of joint") is an orthopedic surgical procedure where the articular surface of a musculoskeletal joint is replaced, remodeled, or realigned by osteotomy or some other procedure.
Arthroscopy (also called arthroscopic or keyhole surgery) is a minimally invasive surgical procedure on a joint in which an examination and sometimes treatment of damage is performed using an arthroscope, an endoscope that is inserted into the joint through a small incision.
In phonology, assimilation is a common phonological process by which one sound becomes more like a nearby sound.
Æ (minuscule: æ) is a grapheme named æsc or ash, formed from the letters a and e, originally a ligature representing the Latin diphthong ae.
A battle is a combat in warfare between two or more armed forces, or combatants.
A bicycle, also called a cycle or bike, is a human-powered, pedal-driven, single-track vehicle, having two wheels attached to a frame, one behind the other.
A birth defect, also known as a congenital disorder, is a condition present at birth regardless of its cause.
Blood is a body fluid in humans and other animals that delivers necessary substances such as nutrients and oxygen to the cells and transports metabolic waste products away from those same cells.
A bone is a rigid organ that constitutes part of the vertebrate skeleton.
Bone cements have been used very successfully to anchor artificial joints (hip joints, knee joints, shoulder and elbow joints) for more than half a century.
A bone fracture (sometimes abbreviated FRX or Fx, Fx, or #) is a medical condition in which there is a partial or complete break in the continuity of the bone.
Bone grafting is a surgical procedure that replaces missing bone in order to repair bone fractures that are extremely complex, pose a significant health risk to the patient, or fail to heal properly.
A bonesetter is a practitioner of joint manipulation.
In the human body, the carpal tunnel or carpal canal is the passageway on the palmar side of the wrist that connects the forearm to the hand.
Chondroplasty refers to surgery of the cartilage, the most common being corrective surgery of the cartilage of the knee.
The clavicle or collarbone is a long bone that serves as a strut between the shoulder blade and the sternum or breastbone.
Computer-assisted orthopedic surgery or computer-assisted orthopaedic surgery (sometimes abbreviated as CAOS) is a discipline where computer technology is applied pre-, intra- and/or post-operatively to improve the outcome of orthopedic surgical procedures.
Debridement is the medical removal of dead, damaged, or infected tissue to improve the healing potential of the remaining healthy tissue.
Degenerative disease is the result of a continuous process based on degenerative cell changes, affecting tissues or organs, which will increasingly deteriorate over time, whether due to normal bodily wear or lifestyle choices such as exercise or eating habits.
Distraction osteogenesis (DO), also called callus distraction, callotasis and osteodistraction, is a process used in orthopedic surgery, podiatric surgery, and oral and maxillofacial surgery to repair skeletal deformities and in reconstructive surgery.
Exercise is any bodily activity that enhances or maintains physical fitness and overall health and wellness.
Exeter is a cathedral city in Devon, England, with a population of 129,800 (mid-2016 EST).
Family medicine (FM), formerly family practice (FP), is a medical specialty devoted to comprehensive health care for people of all ages; the specialist is named a family physician or family doctor.
The femur (pl. femurs or femora) or thigh bone, is the most proximal (closest to the hip joint) bone of the leg in tetrapod vertebrates capable of walking or jumping, such as most land mammals, birds, many reptiles including lizards, and amphibians such as frogs.
The fibula or calf bone is a leg bone located on the lateral side of the tibia, with which it is connected above and below.
In the fields of histology, pathology, and cell biology, fixation is the preservation of biological tissues from decay due to autolysis or putrefaction.
Foot and ankle surgery is a sub-specialty of orthopedics and podiatry that deals with the treatment, diagnosis and prevention of disorders of the foot and ankle.
Gait analysis is the systematic study of animal locomotion, more specifically the study of human motion, using the eye and the brain of observers, augmented by instrumentation for measuring body movements, body mechanics, and the activity of the muscles.
Gavriil Abramovich Ilizarov (Гавриил Абрамович Илизаров; 15 June 1921 – 24 July 1992) was a Soviet physician, known for inventing the Ilizarov apparatus for lengthening limb bones and for the method of surgery named after him, the Ilizarov surgery.
Gerhard Küntscher (6 December 1900 &ndash) was a German surgeon who inaugurated the intramedullary nailing of long bone fractures.
Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a sovereign state in central-western Europe.
Hammersmith is a district of west London, England, located west-southwest of Charing Cross.
The field of hand surgery deals with both surgical and non-surgical treatment of conditions and problems that may take place in the hand or upper extremity (commonly from the tip of the hand to the shoulder), American Society for Surgery of the Hand.
Harborview Medical Center, located on Seattle's First Hill, is a public hospital in King County, Washington and is managed by UW Medicine.
Hip replacement is a surgical procedure in which the hip joint is replaced by a prosthetic implant, that is, a hip prosthesis.
Hugh Owen Thomas (23 August 1834 – 1891) was a Welsh surgeon.
The human musculoskeletal system (also known as the locomotor system, and previously the activity system) is an organ system that gives humans the ability to move using their muscular and skeletal systems.
The Ilizarov apparatus is a type of external fixation used in orthopedic surgery to lengthen or reshape limb bones; as a limb-sparing technique to treat complex and/or open bone fractures; and in cases of infected nonunions of bones that are not amenable with other techniques.
Orthopedic surgery is the branch of surgery concerned with conditions involving the musculoskeletal system.
Infection is the invasion of an organism's body tissues by disease-causing agents, their multiplication, and the reaction of host tissues to the infectious agents and the toxins they produce.
Injury, also known as physical trauma, is damage to the body caused by external force.
An intervertebral disc (or intervertebral fibrocartilage) lies between adjacent vertebrae in the vertebral column.
An intramedullary rod, also known as an intramedullary nail (IM nail) or inter-locking nail or Küntscher nail (without proximal or distal fixation), is a metal rod forced into the medullary cavity of a bone.
Ischemia-reperfusion (IR) tissue injury is the resultant pathology from a combination of factors, including tissue hypoxia, followed by tissue damage associated with re-oxygenation.
Jean-André Venel (28 May 1740 – 9 March 1791) was a Swiss doctor and a pioneer in the field of orthopedics.
Sir John Charnley, (29 August 1911 – 5 August 1982) was a British orthopaedic surgeon.
John Hunter (13 February 1728 – 16 October 1793) was a Scottish surgeon, one of the most distinguished scientists and surgeons of his day.
John Nevil Insall (1930–2000) was a pioneering English orthopaedic surgeon who contributed extensively to the advancement of total knee replacement surgery.
Replacement arthroplasty (from Greek arthron, joint, limb, articulate, + plassein, to form, mould, forge, feign, make an image of), or joint replacement surgery, is a procedure of orthopedic surgery in which an arthritic or dysfunctional joint surface is replaced with an orthopedic prosthesis.
Knee replacement, also known as knee arthroplasty, is a surgical procedure to replace the weight-bearing surfaces of the knee joint to relieve pain and disability.
A laminectomy is a surgical procedure that removes a portion of the vertebral bone called the lamina.
This is a list of digraphs used in various Latin alphabets.
An orthopedic implant is a medical device manufactured to replace a missing joint or bone or to support a damaged bone.
The Manchester Ship Canal is a inland waterway in the North West of England linking Manchester to the Irish Sea.
Masaki Watanabe (渡辺 正毅, 1911 – 15 October 1995) was a Japanese orthopedic surgeon, sometimes called the "founder of modern arthroscopy".
In the history of Europe, the Middle Ages (or Medieval Period) lasted from the 5th to the 15th century.
A military or armed force is a professional organization formally authorized by a sovereign state to use lethal or deadly force and weapons to support the interests of the state.
Muscle is a soft tissue found in most animals.
Neoplasia is a type of abnormal and excessive growth of tissue.
The Netherlands (Nederland), often referred to as Holland, is a country located mostly in Western Europe with a population of seventeen million.
Neurosurgery, or neurological surgery, is the medical specialty concerned with the prevention, diagnosis, surgical treatment, and rehabilitation of disorders which affect any portion of the nervous system including the brain, spinal cord, peripheral nerves, and extra-cranial cerebrovascular system.
Nicolas Andry de Bois-Regard (1658 – 13 May 1742) was a French physician and writer.
Orthopaedic nursing (or orthopedic nursing) is a nursing specialty focused on the prevention and treatment of musculoskeletal disorders.
An orthopedic cast, or simply cast, is a shell, frequently made from plaster or fiberglass, encasing a limb (or, in some cases, large portions of the body) to stabilize and hold anatomical structures, most often a broken bone (or bones), in place until healing is confirmed.
Orthotics (Greek: Ορθός, ortho, "to straighten" or "align") is a specialty within the medical field concerned with the design, manufacture and application of orthoses.
Osteoarthritis (OA) is a type of joint disease that results from breakdown of joint cartilage and underlying bone.
An osteoclast is a type of bone cell that breaks down bone tissue.
An osteotomy is a surgical operation whereby a bone is cut to shorten or lengthen it or to change its alignment.
Percivall Pott (6 January 1714 in London – 22 December 1788) was an English surgeon, one of the founders of orthopedics, and the first scientist to demonstrate that a cancer may be caused by an environmental carcinogen.
Plaster is a building material used for the protective and/or decorative coating of walls and ceilings and for moulding and casting decorative elements.
Plastic surgery is a surgical specialty involving the restoration, reconstruction, or alteration of the human body.
Podiatry or podiatric medicine is a branch of medicine devoted to the study, diagnosis, and medical and surgical treatment of disorders of the foot, ankle and lower extremity.
Poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA), also known as acrylic or acrylic glass as well as by the trade names Crylux, Plexiglas, Acrylite, Lucite, and Perspex among several others (see below), is a transparent thermoplastic often used in sheet form as a lightweight or shatter-resistant alternative to glass.
Polyethylene or polythene (abbreviated PE; IUPAC name polyethene or poly(ethylene)) is the most common plastic.
Pott disease or Pott's disease is a form of tuberculosis that occurs outside the lungs whereby disease is seen in the vertebrae.
The radius or radial bone is one of the two large bones of the forearm, the other being the ulna.
Reconstructive surgery is, in its broadest sense, the use of surgery to restore the form and function of the body; maxillo-facial surgeons, plastic surgeons and otolaryngologists do reconstructive surgery on faces after trauma and to reconstruct the head and neck after cancer.
Research comprises "creative and systematic work undertaken to increase the stock of knowledge, including knowledge of humans, culture and society, and the use of this stock of knowledge to devise new applications." It is used to establish or confirm facts, reaffirm the results of previous work, solve new or existing problems, support theorems, or develop new theories.
Residency is a stage of graduate medical training.
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a long-term autoimmune disorder that primarily affects joints.
Rheumatology (Greek ρεύμα, rheuma, flowing current) is a branch of medicine devoted to the diagnosis and therapy of rheumatic diseases.
The Royal Australasian College of Surgeons (RACS) is the leading advocate for surgical standards, professionalism and surgical education in Australia and New Zealand.
The Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada (Royal College) (French: Collège royal des médecins et chirurgiens du Canada) is a regulatory college which acts as a national, nonprofit organization established in 1929 by a special Act of Parliament to oversee the medical education of specialists in Canada.
Siberia (a) is an extensive geographical region, and by the broadest definition is also known as North Asia.
Sir Robert Jones, 1st Baronet, (28 June 1857 – 14 January 1933) was a Welsh orthopaedic surgeon who helped to establish the modern specialty of orthopaedic surgery in Britain.
Skin is the soft outer tissue covering vertebrates.
The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.
A specialist registrar (SpR) is a doctor in the Republic of Ireland and in the United Kingdom who is receiving advanced training in a specialist field of medicine in order to eventually become a consultant.
Spinal fusion, also called spondylodesis or spondylosyndesis, is a neurosurgical or orthopedic surgical technique that joins two or more vertebrae.
Sports injuries are injuries that occur in athletic activities or exercising.
Sports medicine, also known as sport and exercise medicine is a branch of medicine that deals with physical fitness and the treatment and prevention of injuries related to sports and exercise.
In metallurgy, stainless steel, also known as inox steel or inox from French inoxydable (inoxidizable), is a steel alloy with a minimum of 10.5% chromium content by mass.
Surgery (from the χειρουργική cheirourgikē (composed of χείρ, "hand", and ἔργον, "work"), via chirurgiae, meaning "hand work") is a medical specialty that uses operative manual and instrumental techniques on a patient to investigate or treat a pathological condition such as a disease or injury, to help improve bodily function or appearance or to repair unwanted ruptured areas.
A tendon or sinew is a tough band of fibrous connective tissue that usually connects muscle to bone and is capable of withstanding tension.
The Thomas test (or Hugh Owen Thomas well leg raising test) is a physical examination test, named after Dr.
The tibia (plural tibiae or tibias), also known as the shinbone or shankbone, is the larger, stronger, and anterior (frontal) of the two bones in the leg below the knee in vertebrates (the other being the fibula, behind and to the outside of the tibia), and it connects the knee with the ankle bones.
In orthopedic medicine, traction refers to the set of mechanisms for straightening broken bones or relieving pressure on the spineBurke, G.L., "" and skeletal system.
A traction splint most commonly refers to a splinting device that uses straps attaching over the pelvis or hip as an anchor, a metal rod(s) to mimic normal bone stability and limb length, and a mechanical device to apply traction (used in an attempt to reduce pain, realign the limb, and minimize vascular and neurological complication) to the limb.
Tribology is the science and engineering of interacting surfaces in relative motion.
Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease usually caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB).
In writing and typography, a ligature occurs where two or more graphemes or letters are joined as a single glyph.
The ulna is a long bone found in the forearm that stretches from the elbow to the smallest finger, and when in anatomical position, is found on the medial side of the forearm.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
The United States Department of Labor (DOL) is a cabinet-level department of the U.S. federal government responsible for occupational safety, wage and hour standards, unemployment insurance benefits, reemployment services, and some economic statistics; many U.S. states also have such departments.
The University of Paris (Université de Paris), metonymically known as the Sorbonne (one of its buildings), was a university in Paris, France, from around 1150 to 1793, and from 1806 to 1970.
The vertebral column, also known as the backbone or spine, is part of the axial skeleton.
The Vietnam War (Chiến tranh Việt Nam), also known as the Second Indochina War, and in Vietnam as the Resistance War Against America (Kháng chiến chống Mỹ) or simply the American War, was a conflict that occurred in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia from 1 November 1955 to the fall of Saigon on 30 April 1975.
Wales (Cymru) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and the island of Great Britain.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
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