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Orthoptera

Index Orthoptera

Orthoptera is an order of insects that comprises the grasshoppers, locusts and crickets, including closely related insects such as the katydids and wetas. [1]

62 relations: Abdomen, Acrididea, Acridoidea, Ancient Greek, Antenna (biology), Biofuel, Book of Leviticus, Caelifera, Carboniferous, Cellulose, Cercus, Compound eye, Crane fly, Cylinder, Dragonfly, Ear, Ecdysis, Egg, Ensifera, Eumastacoidea, Female sperm storage, Grasshopper, Greenhouse gas, Grylloidea, Hagloidea, Hemimetabolism, Insect, Insect wing, Judaism, Jumping, Kashrut, Lignin, List of Orthoptera and allied insects of Great Britain, Locust, Mandible (arthropod mouthpart), Mole cricket, Monophyly, Neoptera, Nymph (biology), Order (biology), Orthopterida, Pierre André Latreille, Pneumoridae, Pyrgomorphidae, Rhaphidophoridae, Roesel's bush-cricket, Schizodactylidae, Simple eye in invertebrates, Sound, Soybean, ..., Stenopelmatoidea, Stridulation, Tanaoceridae, Taxonomic rank, Tetrigidae, Tettigoniidae, Thorax (insect anatomy), Torah, Tridactyloidea, Trigonopterygoidea, Weta, Wing. Expand index (12 more) »

Abdomen

The abdomen (less formally called the belly, stomach, tummy or midriff) constitutes the part of the body between the thorax (chest) and pelvis, in humans and in other vertebrates.

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Acrididea

Acrididea including the Acridomorpha is an infraorder of insects that best describe the grasshoppers (thus also locusts) or grasshopper-like families.

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Acridoidea

Acridoidea is a superfamily in the order Orthoptera, that includes many of the grasshoppers (and which includes most locusts).

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Ancient Greek

The Ancient Greek language includes the forms of Greek used in ancient Greece and the ancient world from around the 9th century BC to the 6th century AD.

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Antenna (biology)

Antennae (singular: antenna), sometimes referred to as "feelers," are paired appendages used for sensing in arthropods.

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Biofuel

A biofuel is a fuel that is produced through contemporary biological processes, such as agriculture and anaerobic digestion, rather than a fuel produced by geological processes such as those involved in the formation of fossil fuels, such as coal and petroleum, from prehistoric biological matter.

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Book of Leviticus

The Book of Leviticus is the third book of the Torah and of the Old Testament.

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Caelifera

The Caelifera are a sub-order of Orthopteran insects.

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Carboniferous

The Carboniferous is a geologic period and system that spans 60 million years from the end of the Devonian Period million years ago (Mya), to the beginning of the Permian Period, Mya.

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Cellulose

Cellulose is an organic compound with the formula, a polysaccharide consisting of a linear chain of several hundred to many thousands of β(1→4) linked D-glucose units.

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Cercus

Cerci (singular cercus) are paired appendages on the rear-most segments of many arthropods, including insects and symphylans.

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Compound eye

A compound eye is a visual organ found in arthropods such as insects and crustaceans.

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Crane fly

Crane fly is a common name referring to any member of the insect family Tipulidae, of the order Diptera, true flies in the superfamily Tipuloidea.

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Cylinder

A cylinder (from Greek κύλινδρος – kulindros, "roller, tumbler"), has traditionally been a three-dimensional solid, one of the most basic of curvilinear geometric shapes.

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Dragonfly

A dragonfly is an insect belonging to the order Odonata, infraorder Anisoptera (from Greek ἄνισος anisos, "uneven" and πτερόν pteron, "wing", because the hindwing is broader than the forewing).

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Ear

The ear is the organ of hearing and, in mammals, balance.

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Ecdysis

Ecdysis is the moulting of the cuticle in many invertebrates of the clade Ecdysozoa.

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Egg

An egg is the organic vessel containing the zygote in which an animal embryo develops until it can survive on its own; at which point the animal hatches.

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Ensifera

Ensifera is a suborder of insects that includes the various types of crickets and their allies including: true crickets, camel crickets, bush crickets or katydids, grigs, wetas and Cooloola monsters.

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Eumastacoidea

Eumastacoidea is a superfamily within the order Orthoptera.

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Female sperm storage

Female sperm storage is a biological process and often a type of sexual selection in which sperm cells transferred to a female during mating are temporarily retained within a specific part of the reproductive tract before the oocyte, or egg, is fertilized.

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Grasshopper

Grasshoppers are insects of the suborder Caelifera within the order Orthoptera, which includes crickets and their allies in the other suborder Ensifera.

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Greenhouse gas

A greenhouse gas is a gas in an atmosphere that absorbs and emits radiant energy within the thermal infrared range.

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Grylloidea

Grylloidea is a superfamily of insects in the order Orthoptera.

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Hagloidea

The superfamily Hagloidea are insects belonging to the order Orthoptera: Ensifera; they are now represented by the extant Prophalangopsidae, with many extinct genera and families (see below).

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Hemimetabolism

Hemimetabolism or hemimetaboly, also called incomplete metamorphosis and paurometabolism,McGavin, George C. Essential Entomology: An Order-by-Order Introduction.

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Insect

Insects or Insecta (from Latin insectum) are hexapod invertebrates and the largest group within the arthropod phylum.

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Insect wing

Insect wings are adult outgrowths of the insect exoskeleton that enable insects to fly.

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Judaism

Judaism (originally from Hebrew, Yehudah, "Judah"; via Latin and Greek) is the religion of the Jewish people.

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Jumping

Jumping or leaping is a form of locomotion or movement in which an organism or non-living (e.g., robotic) mechanical system propels itself through the air along a ballistic trajectory.

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Kashrut

Kashrut (also kashruth or kashrus) is a set of Jewish religious dietary laws.

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Lignin

Lignin is a class of complex organic polymers that form important structural materials in the support tissues of vascular plants and some algae. Lignins are particularly important in the formation of cell walls, especially in wood and bark, because they lend rigidity and do not rot easily. Chemically, lignins are cross-linked phenolic polymers.

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List of Orthoptera and allied insects of Great Britain

The following is a list of the species of grasshopper, cricket and allied insects recorded from Britain.

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Locust

Locusts are certain species of short-horned grasshoppers in the family Acrididae that have a swarming phase.

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Mandible (arthropod mouthpart)

The mandibles of a bull ant The mandible (from mandibula or mandĭbŭ-lum, a jaw) of an arthropod is a pair of mouthparts used either for biting or cutting and holding food.

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Mole cricket

Mole crickets are members of the insect family Gryllotalpidae, in the order Orthoptera (grasshoppers, locusts, and crickets).

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Monophyly

In cladistics, a monophyletic group, or clade, is a group of organisms that consists of all the descendants of a common ancestor.

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Neoptera

Neoptera is a classification group that includes most parts of the winged insects, specifically those that can flex their wings over their abdomens.

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Nymph (biology)

In biology, a nymph is the immature form of some invertebrates, particularly insects, which undergoes gradual metamorphosis (hemimetabolism) before reaching its adult stage.

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Order (biology)

In biological classification, the order (ordo) is.

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Orthopterida

The Orthopterida is a superorder of the Polyneoptera that represents the extant orders Orthoptera (grasshoppers, crickets, and katydids), and Phasmatodea (stick insects and leaf insects).

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Pierre André Latreille

Pierre André Latreille (29 November 1762 – 6 February 1833) was a French zoologist, specialising in arthropods.

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Pneumoridae

The Pneumoridae are a family of nocturnal short-horned grasshoppers in the order Orthoptera, commonly known as the bladder grasshoppers.

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Pyrgomorphidae

Pyrgomorphidae is a family of grasshoppers in the order Orthoptera; it is the only family in the superfamily Pyrgomorphoidea, with a pan-tropical distribution.

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Rhaphidophoridae

The orthopteran family Rhaphidophoridae includes the cave weta, cave crickets, camelback crickets, camel crickets, spider crickets (sometimes shortened to "criders", or "land shrimp" or "sprickets") and sand treaders, of the suborder Ensifera.

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Roesel's bush-cricket

Roesel's bush-cricket (Metrioptera roeselii) is a European bush-cricket, named after August Johann Rösel von Rosenhof, a German entomologist.

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Schizodactylidae

Schizodactylidae is a family of orthopteran insects found in Asia and Africa, known as dune crickets or splay-footed crickets.

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Simple eye in invertebrates

A simple eye (sometimes called a pigment pit) refers to a type of eye form or optical arrangement that contains a single lens.

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Sound

In physics, sound is a vibration that typically propagates as an audible wave of pressure, through a transmission medium such as a gas, liquid or solid.

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Soybean

The soybean (Glycine max), or soya bean, is a species of legume native to East Asia, widely grown for its edible bean, which has numerous uses.

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Stenopelmatoidea

Stenopelmatoidea is a superfamily of insects in the order Orthoptera; in some older classifications this group was referred to as Gryllacridoidea.

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Stridulation

Stridulation is the act of producing sound by rubbing together certain body parts.

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Tanaoceridae

The Tanaoceridae are a monotypic insect family in the Tanaoceroidea, which is a superfamily in the Orthoptera: Caelifera.

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Taxonomic rank

In biological classification, taxonomic rank is the relative level of a group of organisms (a taxon) in a taxonomic hierarchy.

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Tetrigidae

Tetrigidae is a family in the order Orthoptera, which also includes similar families such as crickets, grasshoppers, and their allies.

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Tettigoniidae

Insects in the family Tettigoniidae are commonly called bush crickets (in the UK), katydids (in the USA), or long-horned grasshoppers (mostly obsolete).

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Thorax (insect anatomy)

The thorax is the midsection (tagma) of the insect body.

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Torah

Torah (תּוֹרָה, "Instruction", "Teaching" or "Law") has a range of meanings.

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Tridactyloidea

Tridactyloidea is a superfamily in the order Orthoptera.

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Trigonopterygoidea

The Trigonopterygoidea are an insect superfamily in the Orthoptera: Caelifera.

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Weta

Weta is the common name for a group of about 70 insect species in the families Anostostomatidae and Rhaphidophoridae, endemic to New Zealand.

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Wing

A wing is a type of fin that produces lift, while moving through air or some other fluid.

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Redirects here:

Orthopteran, Orthopterans, Saltatoria.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Orthoptera

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