470 relations: A Doll's House, A-ha, Aftenposten, Aker ASA, Aker Brygge, Aker, Norway, Akerselva, Akershus, Akershus Fortress, Aller Media, Alna, Alna River, Amphitheatre, Amund Helland, André Bjerke, Antwerp, Apparatjik, Arrow, Aschehoug, Asker, Astrup Fearnley Museum of Modern Art, Æsir, Østensjø, Østmarka, Bachelor's degree, Back-formation, Bandy World Championship, Banking in Switzerland, Bækkelagets SK, Bærum, Børge Ousland, Bergen, BI Norwegian Business School, Biathlon, Biathlon World Championships, Biathlon World Championships 1986, Biathlon World Championships 1990, Biathlon World Championships 2000, Biathlon World Championships 2002, Biathlon World Championships 2016, Bislett, Bislett Games, Bislett Stadium, Bjørnstjerne Bjørnson, Bjørvika, Bjerke, Bjerke Travbane, Black Death, Buddhism, Bygdøy, ..., Capital city, Carl Frederik Stanley, Central European Summer Time, Central European Time, Chamber music, Christian Democratic Party (Norway), Christian Heinrich Grosch, Christian IV of Denmark, Christian Krohg, Christiania Theatre, Christmas tree, Church music, Church of Norway, Classification society, Coat of arms, Committee, Compact city, Conservative Party (Norway), Copenhagen, Cost-of-living index, Council of Europe, Counties of Norway, Cruiseferry, Dagbladet, Dagens Næringsliv, Dagsavisen, Demographics of Sri Lanka, Denmark–Norway, Diocese of Oslo, Districts of Norway, DNV GL, Drammen, Drammen Line, East End and West End of Oslo, Eastern Norway, ECA International, Economist Intelligence Unit, Economy of Norway, Edinburgh, Edvard Grieg, Edvard Munch, Egmont Group, Ekeberg, Ekebergparken Sculpture Park, Ekebergsletta, Eliteserien (football), Eliteserien (men's handball), Eliteserien (women's handball), Erling Kagge, Espen Bredesen, Espen Knutsen, European Commission, European route E18, European route E6, Eurostat, Eurovision Song Contest, Eurovision Song Contest 1996, Eurovision Song Contest 2010, Eva Joly, Fabian Stang, Færderseilasen, Finansavisen, First 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A Doll's House (Et dukkehjem; also translated as A Doll House) is a three-act play written by Norway's Henrik Ibsen.
A-ha (usually stylized as a-ha) is a Norwegian band formed in Oslo in 1982.
Aftenposten (Norwegian for "The Evening Post") is Norway's largest printed newspaper by circulation.
Aker ASA is a Norwegian holding company engaged in offshore fishing, construction and engineering.
Aker Brygge is a neighbourhood in central Oslo, Norway.
Aker is a geographic area within today's Oslo and a former independent municipality in Akershus, Norway.
Akerselva or Akerselven (Aker River) is a river which flows through Oslo.
Akershus is a county in Norway, bordering Hedmark, Oppland, Buskerud, Oslo, and Østfold; it also has a short border with Sweden (Värmland).
Akershus Fortress (Akershus Festning) or Akershus Castle (Akershus slott) is a medieval castle that was built to protect and provide a royal residence for Oslo, the capital of Norway.
Aller Media is a magazine publisher in the Nordic countries, headquartered in Copenhagen, Denmark.
Alna is a borough of the city of Oslo, Norway.
The Alna River (Alnaelva) is a river the runs through Oslo, Norway, from Alnsjøen to the Oslo Fjord at Bjørvika.
An amphitheatre or amphitheater is an open-air venue used for entertainment, performances, and sports.
Amund Helland (11 October 1846 – 15 November 1918) was a Norwegian geologist, politician and non-fiction writer.
Jarl André Bjerke (30 January 1918-10 January 1985) was a Norwegian writer and poet.
Antwerp (Antwerpen, Anvers) is a city in Belgium, and is the capital of Antwerp province in Flanders.
Apparatjik are a multi-national band formed in 2008.
An arrow is a fin-stabilized projectile that is launched via a bow, and usually consists of a long straight stiff shaft with stabilizers called fletchings, as well as a weighty (and usually sharp and pointed) arrowhead attached to the front end, and a slot at the rear end called nock for engaging bowstring.
Asker is a municipality in Akershus county, Norway.
The Astrup Fearnley Museum of Modern Art is a privately owned contemporary art gallery in Oslo in Norway.
In Old Norse, ǫ́ss (or áss, ás, plural æsir; feminine ásynja, plural ásynjur) is a member of the principal pantheon in Norse religion.
Østensjø is a district of the city of Oslo, Norway.
Østmarka is a forested area to the east of Oslo and part of the congregation of woodland areas known as Oslomarka.
A bachelor's degree (from Middle Latin baccalaureus) or baccalaureate (from Modern Latin baccalaureatus) is an undergraduate academic degree awarded by colleges and universities upon completion of a course of study lasting three to seven years (depending on institution and academic discipline).
In etymology, back-formation is the process of creating a new lexeme by removing actual or supposed affixes.
The Bandy World Championship is a competition between bandy-playing nations' men's teams.
Banking in Switzerland began in the early 18th century through Switzerland's merchant trade and has, over the centuries, grown into a complex, regulated, and international industry.
Bækkelagets Sportsklub is a Norwegian sports club from Bekkelaget in southern Oslo, founded in 1909.
Bærum is a municipality in Akershus County, Norway.
Børge Ousland FRSGS (born 31 May 1962) is a Norwegian polar explorer, photographer and writer.
Bergen, historically Bjørgvin, is a city and municipality in Hordaland on the west coast of Norway.
BI Norwegian Business School (Handelshøyskolen BI) is the largest business school in Norway and the second largest in all of Europe.
The biathlon is a winter sport that combines cross-country skiing and rifle shooting.
The first Biathlon World Championships (BWCH) was held in 1958, with individual and team contests for men.
The 22nd Biathlon World Championships for men were held in 1986 in Oslo, Norway.
The 25th Biathlon World Championships were held in 1990 for the third time in Minsk, Belarus, at that time part of the Soviet Union, in Oslo, Norway and in Kontiolahti, Finland.
The 35th Biathlon World Championships were held for the second time in Oslo, Norway from February 19 to February 26, 2000.
The 37th Biathlon World Championships held in 2002 for the third time in Oslo, Norway were only for the mass start because these events were not part of the Olympic programme in Salt Lake City.
The 48th Biathlon World Championships was held in Oslo, Norway from 3 to 13 March 2016.
Bislett is a neighbourhood in the St. Hanshaugen borough in north-central Oslo, Norway.
The Bislett Games is an annual track and field meeting at the Bislett Stadium in Oslo, Norway.
Bislett Stadium (Bislett stadion) is a sports stadium in Oslo, Norway.
Bjørnstjerne Martinius Bjørnson (8 December 1832 – 26 April 1910) was a Norwegian writer who received the 1903 Nobel Prize in Literature "as a tribute to his noble, magnificent and versatile poetry, which has always been distinguished by both the freshness of its inspiration and the rare purity of its spirit", becoming the first Norwegian Nobel laureate.
Bjørvika is a neighborhood in the Sentrum borough of Oslo, Norway.
Bjerke is a borough of the city of Oslo, Norway.
Bjerke Travbane (Bjerke Race Track) is a harness racing track located in the Bjerkebanen neighborhood of the Bjerke borough in Oslo, Norway.
The Black Death, also known as the Great Plague, the Black Plague, or simply the Plague, was one of the most devastating pandemics in human history, resulting in the deaths of an estimated people in Eurasia and peaking in Europe from 1347 to 1351.
Buddhism is the world's fourth-largest religion with over 520 million followers, or over 7% of the global population, known as Buddhists.
Bygdøy or Bygdø is a peninsula situated on the western side of Oslo, Norway.
A capital city (or simply capital) is the municipality exercising primary status in a country, state, province, or other administrative region, usually as its seat of government.
Carl Frederik Stanley (c. 1738 – 9 March 1813) was an English-Danish sculptor, a leading proponent of early Neo-Classicism in Denmark.
Central European Summer Time (CEST), sometime referred also as Central European Daylight Time (CEDT), is the standard clock time observed during the period of summer daylight-saving in those European countries which observe Central European Time (UTC+1) during the other part of the year.
Central European Time (CET), used in most parts of Europe and a few North African countries, is a standard time which is 1 hour ahead of Coordinated Universal Time (UTC).
Chamber music is a form of classical music that is composed for a small group of instruments—traditionally a group that could fit in a palace chamber or a large room.
The Christian Democratic Party (Bokmål: Kristelig Folkeparti, Nynorsk: Kristeleg Folkeparti, KrF), is a Christian democratic political party in Norway founded in 1933.
Christian Heinrich Grosch (21 January 1801 – 4 May 1865) was a Norwegian architect.
Christian IV (Christian den Fjerde; 12 April 1577 – 28 February 1648), sometimes colloquially referred to as Christian Firtal in Denmark and Christian Kvart or Quart in Norway, was king of Denmark-Norway and Duke of Holstein and Schleswig from 1588 to 1648.
Christian Krohg (13 August 1852 – 16 October 1925) was a Norwegian naturalist painter, illustrator, author and journalist.
Christiania Theatre, or Kristiania Theatre, was Norway's finest stage for the spoken drama from October 4, 1836 (opening date) to September 1, 1899.
A Christmas tree is a decorated tree, usually an evergreen conifer such as spruce, pine, or fir or an artificial tree of similar appearance, associated with the celebration of Christmas.
Church music is music written for performance in church, or any musical setting of ecclesiastical liturgy, or music set to words expressing propositions of a sacred nature, such as a hymn.
The Church of Norway (Den norske kirke in Bokmål and Den norske kyrkja in Nynorsk) is a Lutheran denomination of Protestant Christianity that serves as the people's church of Norway, as set forth in the Constitution of Norway.
A classification society (however called) is a non-governmental organization that establishes and maintains technical standards for the construction and operation of ships and offshore structures.
A coat of arms is a heraldic visual design on an escutcheon (i.e., shield), surcoat, or tabard.
A committee (or "commission") is a body of one or more persons that is subordinate to a deliberative assembly.
The compact city or city of short distances is an urban planning and urban design concept, which promotes relatively high residential density with mixed land uses.
The Conservative Party (Høyre, Høgre, H, literally "Right") is a conservative.
Copenhagen (København; Hafnia) is the capital and most populous city of Denmark.
A cost-of-living index is a theoretical price index that measures relative cost of living over time or regions.
The Council of Europe (CoE; Conseil de l'Europe) is an international organisation whose stated aim is to uphold human rights, democracy and the rule of law in Europe.
Norway is divided into 18 administrative regions, called counties (singular fylke, plural fylker (Bokmål) / fylke (Nynorsk) from Old Norse: fylki from the word "folk"); until 1918, they were known as amter.
A cruiseferry is a ship that combines the features of a cruise ship with a Ro-Pax ferry.
Dagbladet (lit.: The Daily Magazine) is Norway's sixth largest newspaper with a circulation of 46,250 copies in 2016, down from a peak of 228,834 in 1994.
Dagens Næringsliv (Norwegian for "Today's Business"), commonly known as DN, is a Norwegian newspaper specializing in business news.
Dagsavisen is a daily newspaper published in Oslo, Norway.
This article is about the demographic features of the population of Sri Lanka, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.
Denmark–Norway (Danish and Norwegian: Danmark–Norge or Danmark–Noreg; also known as the Oldenburg Monarchy or the Oldenburg realms) was an early modern multi-national and multi-lingual real unionFeldbæk 1998:11 consisting of the Kingdom of Denmark, the Kingdom of Norway (including Norwegian overseas possessions the Faroe Islands, Iceland, Greenland, et cetera), the Duchy of Schleswig, and the Duchy of Holstein.
Oslo bishopric is the Church of Norway's bishopric for the municipalities of Oslo, Asker and Bærum.
The country Norway is historically divided into a number of districts.
DNV GL is an international accredited registrar and classification society headquartered in Høvik, Norway.
Drammen is a city in Buskerud, Norway.
The Drammen Line (Drammenbanen) is a railway line between Oslo and Drammen, Norway, which was opened on 7 October 1872.
The East End and West End (østkanten og vestkanten, austkanten og vestkanten) are used as names for the two parts of Oslo, Norway, formed by the economic and socially segregating separation line that has historically passed along the street Uelands gate.
Eastern Norway (Bokmål: Østlandet, Nynorsk: Austlandet) is the geographical region of the south-eastern part of Norway.
ECA International provides data on cost of living, salary, accommodation, tax, labour law, benefits and quality of life for international assignees in about 400 locations worldwide.
The Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU) is a British business within the Economist Group providing forecasting and advisory services through research and analysis, such as monthly country reports, five-year country economic forecasts, country risk service reports, and industry reports.
The economy of Norway is a developed mixed economy with state-ownership in strategic areas.
Edinburgh (Dùn Èideann; Edinburgh) is the capital city of Scotland and one of its 32 council areas.
Edvard Hagerup Grieg (15 June 18434 September 1907) was a Norwegian composer and pianist.
Edvard Munch (12 December 1863 – 23 January 1944) was a Norwegian painter and printmaker whose intensely evocative treatment of psychological themes built upon some of the main tenets of late 19th-century Symbolism and greatly influenced German Expressionism in the early 20th century.
The Egmont Group (formerly The Gutenberghus Group) is a Danish media corporation founded and rooted in Copenhagen, Denmark.
Ekeberg is a neighborhood in the city of Oslo, Norway.
Ekebergparken Sculpture Park is a sculpture park and a national heritage park close to Ekebergrestauranten with a panoramic view of the city at Ekeberg in the southeast of the city of Oslo, Norway.
Ekebergsletta is a field in the neighborhood of Ekeberg in the Nordstrand district, southeast of downtown Oslo, Norway.
Eliteserien is a Norwegian professional league for association football clubs.
Eliteserien is the premier professional men's handball league in Norway.
Eliteserien is the premier women's professional handball league for Norwegian handball clubs.
Erling Kagge (born January 15, 1963) is a Norwegian explorer, lawyer, art collector, entrepreneur, politician, Rolex model, author and publisher.
Espen Bredesen (born 2 February 1968) is a Norwegian former ski jumper.
Kjell Espen Knutsen Jahre (born January 12, 1972) is a retired Norwegian professional ice hockey player and currently the general manager of Vålerenga in the Norwegian GET-ligaen.
The European Commission (EC) is an institution of the European Union, responsible for proposing legislation, implementing decisions, upholding the EU treaties and managing the day-to-day business of the EU.
European route E18 runs from Craigavon in Northern Ireland to Saint Petersburg in Russia, passing through Scotland, Norway, Sweden, and Finland.
European route E6 (Europavei 6, Europaväg 6, or simply E6) is the main north-south road through Norway, and the west coast of Sweden.
Eurostat is a Directorate-General of the European Commission located in Luxembourg.
The Eurovision Song Contest (Concours Eurovision de la chanson), often simply called Eurovision, is an international song competition held primarily among the member countries of the European Broadcasting Union.
The Eurovision Song Contest 1996 was the 41st edition of the annual Eurovision Song Contest.
The Eurovision Song Contest 2010 was the 55th edition of the annual Eurovision Song Contest.
Eva Joly (born Gro Farseth; 5 December 1943) is a Norwegian-born French juge d'instruction (magistrate) and politician for Europe Écologie–The Greens.
Richard Fabian Stang (born 19 August 1955) is a Norwegian lawyer and a Norwegian politician for the Conservative Party.
Færderseilasen, also called Færder'n, is a regatta that is held on the second weekend in June by the Royal Norwegian Yacht Club.
Finansavisen is a Norwegian business newspaper published by Hegnar Media in Oslo, Norway.
A first language, native language or mother/father/parent tongue (also known as arterial language or L1) is a language that a person has been exposed to from birth or within the critical period.
The FIS Nordic World Ski Championships have been held in various numbers and types of events since 1925 for men and since 1954 for women.
The FIS Nordic World Ski Championships 1930 took place between February 27 and March 1, 1930 in Oslo, Norway at the Holmenkollen.
The FIS Nordic World Ski Championships 1966 took place 17–27 February 1966 in Oslo, Norway at the Holmenkollen ski arena.
The FIS Nordic World Ski Championships 1982 took place 19–28 February 1982 in Oslo, Norway at the Holmenkollen ski arena.
The FIS Nordic World Ski Championships 2011 took place from 23 February to 6 March 2011 — accessed 12 March 2008.
Geologically, a fjord or fiord is a long, narrow inlet with steep sides or cliffs, created by a glacier.
Flytoget, the Airport Express Train (Flytoget) is a Norwegian high-speed airport rail link connecting Oslo Airport, Gardermoen to Oslo Central Station in nineteen minutes.
Folk art encompasses art produced from an indigenous culture or by peasants or other laboring tradespeople.
Formannskapsdistrikt is the name for Norwegian local self-government districts that were legally enacted on 1 January 1838.
The Fram Museum (Frammuseet) is a museum telling the story of Norwegian polar exploration.
Frederikshavn is a Danish town in Frederikshavn municipality, Region Nordjylland, on the northeast coast of the Jutland peninsula in northern Denmark.
Fridtjof Nansen (10 October 1861 – 13 May 1930) was a Norwegian explorer, scientist, diplomat, humanitarian, and Nobel Peace Prize laureate.
Frigg Oslo Fotballklubb is a Norwegian sports club from Majorstua in Oslo.
Frogner is a borough and a moderately exclusive residential and retail district in the West End of the city of Oslo, Norway.
Frogner Park (Frognerparken) is a public park located in the borough of Frogner in Oslo, Norway, and is historically part of Frogner Manor.
Frognerbadet ("the Frogner Baths") is a pool complex in the borough of Frogner in Oslo, Norway.
In architecture, functionalism is the principle that buildings should be designed based solely on the purpose and function of the building.
Gamle Oslo is a district of the city of Oslo, Norway.
The Gardermoen Line (Gardermobanen) is a high-speed railway line between Oslo and Eidsvoll, Norway, running past Lillestrøm and Oslo Airport, Gardermoen.
Geographical renaming is the changing of the name of a geographical feature or area.
GET-ligaen (English: the GET-league) is the premier Norwegian ice hockey league, organised by the Norwegian Ice Hockey Association.
Gjerdrum is a municipality in Akershus county, Norway.
A global city, also called world city or sometimes alpha city or world center, is a city which is a primary node in the global economic network.
Goods are items that are tangible, such as pens, salt, apples, oganesson, and hats.
Gothenburg (abbreviated Gbg; Göteborg) is the second-largest city in Sweden and the fifth-largest in the Nordic countries.
The Governing Mayor of Oslo (Norwegian: Byrådsleder) is the head of the city government of Oslo.
Grønland is a neighbourhood in central Oslo, Norway.
Grünerløkka (alternative form: Grünerløkken) is a district of the city of Oslo, Norway.
The Great Northern War (1700–1721) was a conflict in which a coalition led by the Tsardom of Russia successfully contested the supremacy of the Swedish Empire in Northern, Central and Eastern Europe.
The Green Party (Miljøpartiet De Grønne, Miljøpartiet Dei Grøne, Birasbellodat Ruonát, literally "The Environment Party The Greens") is a Norwegian political party.
Grete Waitz (née Andersen, 1 October 1953 – 19 April 2011) was a Norwegian marathon runner and former world record holder.
Gro Harlem Brundtland (born Gro Harlem, 20 April 1939) is a Norwegian politician, who served three terms as Prime Minister of Norway (1981, 1986–89, and 1990–96) and as Director-General of the World Health Organization from 1998 to 2003.
Grorud is a district of the city of Oslo, Norway.
The Grorud Valley (Groruddalen) is a broad valley in eastern Oslo.
Gudolf Blakstad (19 May 1893 – 22 November 1985) was a Norwegian architect.
Gustav Vigeland (11 April 1869 – 12 March 1943), born as Adolf Gustav Thorsen, was a Norwegian sculptor.
Haakon V Magnusson (10 April 1270 – 8 May 1319) (Old Norse: Hákon Magnússon; Norwegian: Håkon Magnusson) was king of Norway from 1299 until 1319.
Hallvard Vebjørnsson (Hallvard Den Hellige) (1020 – 1043), commonly referred to as Saint Hallvard (Sankt Hallvard), was the patron saint of Oslo.
Handball (also known as team handball, fieldball, European handball or Olympic handball) is a team sport in which two teams of seven players each (six outfield players and a goalkeeper) pass a ball using their hands with the aim of throwing it into the goal of the other team.
Hans Fredrik Gude (13 March 1825 – 17 August 1903) was a Norwegian romanticist painter and is considered along with Johan Christian Dahl to be one of Norway's foremost landscape painters.
Hans Ditlev Franciscus (Frants) von Linstow (4 May 1787 – 10 June 1851) was a Danish-born, Norwegian architect, who is by many considered one of the most significant architects in the history of Norway.
The Hanseatic League (Middle Low German: Hanse, Düdesche Hanse, Hansa; Standard German: Deutsche Hanse; Latin: Hansa Teutonica) was a commercial and defensive confederation of merchant guilds and market towns in Northwestern and Central Europe.
Harald Sigurdsson (– 25 September 1066), given the epithet Hardrada (harðráði, modern Norwegian: Hardråde, roughly translated as "stern counsel" or "hard ruler") in the sagas, was King of Norway (as Harald III) from 1046 to 1066.
Harald V (born 21 February 1937) is the King of Norway, having ascended the throne following the death of his father on 17 January 1991.
Harness racing is a form of horse racing in which the horses race at a specific gait (a trot or a pace).
Høvik is a suburban area in the municipality of Bærum, Akershus, Norway, in the Oslo metropolitan area.
Hedda Gabler is a play written by Norwegian playwright Henrik Ibsen.
Henrik Johan Ibsen (20 March 1828 – 23 May 1906) was a Norwegian playwright, theatre director, and poet.
Herman Munthe-Kaas (25 May 1890 – 5 May 1977) was a Norwegian architect.
High-speed rail is a type of rail transport that operates significantly faster than traditional rail traffic, using an integrated system of specialized rolling stock and dedicated tracks.
Erroneously, it was once assumed that Oslo meant "the mouth of the Lo river", referring to a lost name of the river Alna.
Holmenkollbakken is a large ski jumping hill located at Holmenkollen in Oslo, Norway.
Holmenkollen is a neighborhood in the Vestre Aker borough of Oslo, Norway.
The Holmenkollen Ski Festival (Holmenkollen skifestival or Holmenkollrennene) is a traditional annual Nordic skiing event in Holmenkollen, Oslo, Norway.
Hovedøya is one of several small islands off the coast of Oslo, Norway in the Oslofjord.
Hovedøya Abbey was a Cistercian monastery on the island of Hovedøya in Oslo Fjord, founded in 1147 and dissolved in 1532 just before the Reformation.
A humid continental climate (Köppen prefix D and a third letter of a or b) is a climatic region defined by Russo-German climatologist Wladimir Köppen in 1900, which is typified by large seasonal temperature differences, with warm to hot (and often humid) summers and cold (sometimes severely cold in the northern areas) winters.
The IAAF Diamond League is an annual series of elite track and field athletic competitions.
The Ibsen quotes is a permanent work of art in Oslo, Norway, officially known as Ibsen Sitat.
Ice hockey is a contact team sport played on ice, usually in a rink, in which two teams of skaters use their sticks to shoot a vulcanized rubber puck into their opponent's net to score points.
Idrettslaget Manglerud Star is a Norwegian alliance sports club from Manglerud, Oslo.
In 2017, Norway's immigrant population consisted of 883,751 people, making up 16.8% of the country's total population.
Iran (ایران), also known as Persia, officially the Islamic Republic of Iran (جمهوری اسلامی ایران), is a sovereign state in Western Asia. With over 81 million inhabitants, Iran is the world's 18th-most-populous country. Comprising a land area of, it is the second-largest country in the Middle East and the 17th-largest in the world. Iran is bordered to the northwest by Armenia and the Republic of Azerbaijan, to the north by the Caspian Sea, to the northeast by Turkmenistan, to the east by Afghanistan and Pakistan, to the south by the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman, and to the west by Turkey and Iraq. The country's central location in Eurasia and Western Asia, and its proximity to the Strait of Hormuz, give it geostrategic importance. Tehran is the country's capital and largest city, as well as its leading economic and cultural center. Iran is home to one of the world's oldest civilizations, beginning with the formation of the Elamite kingdoms in the fourth millennium BCE. It was first unified by the Iranian Medes in the seventh century BCE, reaching its greatest territorial size in the sixth century BCE, when Cyrus the Great founded the Achaemenid Empire, which stretched from Eastern Europe to the Indus Valley, becoming one of the largest empires in history. The Iranian realm fell to Alexander the Great in the fourth century BCE and was divided into several Hellenistic states. An Iranian rebellion culminated in the establishment of the Parthian Empire, which was succeeded in the third century CE by the Sasanian Empire, a leading world power for the next four centuries. Arab Muslims conquered the empire in the seventh century CE, displacing the indigenous faiths of Zoroastrianism and Manichaeism with Islam. Iran made major contributions to the Islamic Golden Age that followed, producing many influential figures in art and science. After two centuries, a period of various native Muslim dynasties began, which were later conquered by the Turks and the Mongols. The rise of the Safavids in the 15th century led to the reestablishment of a unified Iranian state and national identity, with the country's conversion to Shia Islam marking a turning point in Iranian and Muslim history. Under Nader Shah, Iran was one of the most powerful states in the 18th century, though by the 19th century, a series of conflicts with the Russian Empire led to significant territorial losses. Popular unrest led to the establishment of a constitutional monarchy and the country's first legislature. A 1953 coup instigated by the United Kingdom and the United States resulted in greater autocracy and growing anti-Western resentment. Subsequent unrest against foreign influence and political repression led to the 1979 Revolution and the establishment of an Islamic republic, a political system that includes elements of a parliamentary democracy vetted and supervised by a theocracy governed by an autocratic "Supreme Leader". During the 1980s, the country was engaged in a war with Iraq, which lasted for almost nine years and resulted in a high number of casualties and economic losses for both sides. According to international reports, Iran's human rights record is exceptionally poor. The regime in Iran is undemocratic, and has frequently persecuted and arrested critics of the government and its Supreme Leader. Women's rights in Iran are described as seriously inadequate, and children's rights have been severely violated, with more child offenders being executed in Iran than in any other country in the world. Since the 2000s, Iran's controversial nuclear program has raised concerns, which is part of the basis of the international sanctions against the country. The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, an agreement reached between Iran and the P5+1, was created on 14 July 2015, aimed to loosen the nuclear sanctions in exchange for Iran's restriction in producing enriched uranium. Iran is a founding member of the UN, ECO, NAM, OIC, and OPEC. It is a major regional and middle power, and its large reserves of fossil fuels – which include the world's largest natural gas supply and the fourth-largest proven oil reserves – exert considerable influence in international energy security and the world economy. The country's rich cultural legacy is reflected in part by its 22 UNESCO World Heritage Sites, the third-largest number in Asia and eleventh-largest in the world. Iran is a multicultural country comprising numerous ethnic and linguistic groups, the largest being Persians (61%), Azeris (16%), Kurds (10%), and Lurs (6%).
The Iraqi people (Arabic: العراقيون ʿIrāqiyyūn, Kurdish: گهلی عیراق Îraqîyan, ܥܡܐ ܥܝܪܩܝܐ ʿIrāqāyā, Iraklılar) are the citizens of the modern country of Iraq. Arabs have had a large presence in Mesopotamia since the Sasanian Empire (224–637). Arabic was spoken by the majority in the Kingdom of Araba in the first and second centuries, and by Arabs in al-Hirah from the third century. Arabs were common in Mesopotamia at the time of the Seleucid Empire (3rd century BC).Ramirez-Faria, 2007, p. 33. The first Arab kingdom outside Arabia was established in Iraq's Al-Hirah in the third century. Arabic was a minority language in northern Iraq in the eighth century BC, from the eighth century following the Muslim conquest of Persia, it became the dominant language of Iraqi Muslims because Arabic was the language of the Quran and of the Abbasid Caliphate. Kurds who are Iraqi citizens live in the Zagros Mountains of northeast Iraq to the east of the upper Tigris. Arabic and Kurdish are Iraq's national languages.
Iraqis in Norway make up approximately 32,304 people.
IslamThere are ten pronunciations of Islam in English, differing in whether the first or second syllable has the stress, whether the s is or, and whether the a is pronounced, or (when the stress is on the first syllable) (Merriam Webster).
Jazz is a music genre that originated in the African-American communities of New Orleans, United States, in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, and developed from roots in blues and ragtime.
Jørn Irving Goldstein (born March 27, 1953) is a Norwegian Olympic ice hockey player.
Jens Stoltenberg (born 16 March 1959) is a Norwegian politician.
Jernbanetorget is both a rapid transit station on the Oslo Metro and a light rail station of the Oslo Tramway.
Jo Nesbø (born 29 March 1960) is a Norwegian writer, musician, and former economist and reporter.
Johan Vincent Galtung (born 24 October 1930) is a Norwegian sociologist, mathematician, and the principal founder of the discipline of peace and conflict studies.
Johan Severin Svendsen (30 September 184014 June 1911) was a Norwegian composer, conductor and violinist.
John Fredriksen (born 10 May 1944) is a Norwegian-born oil tanker and shipping magnate, who owns the world's largest oil tanker fleet.
John William Edy (1760 – 1820) was an English painter.
Jordal Amfi was an indoor ice hockey rink in Oslo, Norway, the first bearing that name.
Joshua Christian Kojo King (born 15 January 1992) is a Norwegian professional footballer who plays as a striker for Premier League club AFC Bournemouth and the Norway national team.
The Kalmar Union or Union of Kalmaris (Danish, Norwegian and Kalmarunionen; Unio Calmariensis) was a personal union that from 1397 to 1523 joined under a single monarch the three kingdoms of Denmark, Sweden (then including most of Finland's populated areas), and Norway, together with Norway's overseas dependencies (then including Iceland, Greenland,Nominal possession, there was no European contact with the island during the Kalmar Union period the Faroe Islands and the Northern Isles).
Karl Friedrich Schinkel (13 March 1781 – 9 October 1841) was a Prussian architect, city planner, and painter who also designed furniture and stage sets.
Karl Johans gate is the main street of the city of Oslo, Norway.
The Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification systems.
Kiel is the capital and most populous city in the northern German state of Schleswig-Holstein, with a population of 249,023 (2016).
A kjøpstad (historically: kjøbstad, kjöbstad, or kaupstad) is an old Scandinavian term for "Market towns" that was used in the Kingdom of Denmark-Norway for several hundred years.
Kjetil André Aamodt (born 2 September 1971) is a former World Cup alpine ski racer from Norway, a champion in the Olympics, World Championships, and World Cup.
Klassekampen (The Class Struggle) is a Norwegian daily newspaper, which styles itself as "the daily left-wing newspaper".
Knut Are Tvedt (born 29 April 1952) is a Norwegian encyclopedist.
Knut Hamsun (August 4, 1859 – February 19, 1952) was a major Norwegian writer, who was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1920.
Knut ("Kupper'n") Johannesen (born 6 November 1933) is a former speed skater from Norway.
The Kon-Tiki Museum (Kon-Tiki Museet) is a museum in the Bygdøy peninsula in Oslo, Norway.
Kongsgård is a historical term used to describe residences, estates and farmlands that have belonged, and still belongs, to the Scandinavian monarchs and royal families.
The National Criminal Investigation Service (Den nasjonale enhet for bekjempelse av organisert og annen alvorlig kriminalitet, previously Kriminalpolitisentralen), commonly known as Kripos, is a special agency of the Norwegian Police Service.
Campus Kristiania is the name of an education center including Oslo School of Management, Norwegian School of Creative Studies, Oslo School of Marketing and the NKS online learning.
Kunstnernes Hus (Norwegian for "Artists' House") is an art gallery in Oslo, Norway.
The Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet, A/Ap), formerly the Norwegian Labour Party, is a social-democratic political party in Norway.
Lambertseter is a suburb of the city of Oslo, Norway, and is part of the borough of Nordstrand.
Lars Thalian Backer (5 January 1892 – 7 June 1930) was a Norwegian architect.
Lars Onsager (November 27, 1903 – October 5, 1976) was a Norwegian-born American physical chemist and theoretical physicist.
Lars Saabye Christensen, (born 21 September 1953 in Oslo) is a Norwegian/Danish author.
is a municipality in Akershus county, Norway.
The Liberal Party (Venstre, V, meaning "left") is a liberal and social-liberal political party in Norway.
This is a list of mayors of Oslo.
These are lists of the world's most expensive cities for expatriate employees (not residents), according to the Mercer, ECA International and Xpatulator.com cost-of-living surveys.
Norway is divided into 18 administrative regions, called counties (fylker in Norwegian, singular: fylke), and 422 municipalities (kommuner/-ar, singular: kommune – cf. communes).
The list of Norwegian monarchs (kongerekken or kongerekka) begins in 872: the traditional dating of the Battle of Hafrsfjord, after which victorious King Harald Fairhair merged several petty kingdoms into that of his father.
Under the title of Peace Prize, the following prizes are awarded among others.
Below is a list of towns and cities in Norway.
A local government is a form of public administration which, in a majority of contexts, exists as the lowest tier of administration within a given state.
London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.
A low-cost carrier or low-cost airline (also known as ''no-frills'', ''discount'' or budget carrier or airline, or LCC) is an airline without most of the traditional services provided in the fare, resulting in lower fares and fewer comforts.
Ludvig Holberg, Baron of Holberg (3 December 1684 – 28 January 1754) was a writer, essayist, philosopher, historian and playwright born in Bergen, Norway, during the time of the Dano-Norwegian dual monarchy.
Lyn Toppfotball is a Norwegian football club and a department of the sports club Ski- og Fotballklubben Lyn based in Oslo, whose members also participate in Nordic skiing and orienteering.
Maaemo is a Norwegian Restaurant located in Schweigaardsgate in Oslo, Norway.
Madison is the capital of the U.S. state of Wisconsin and the seat of Dane County.
Magne Furuholmen (born 1 November 1962) is a Norwegian musician and visual artist.
Majorstuen or Majorstua is a particularly affluent neighbourhood in the Frogner borough in the inner part of Oslo, Norway.
Malmøya is an island outside Oslo, the capital of Norway.
Management (or managing) is the administration of an organization, whether it is a business, a not-for-profit organization, or government body.
Marianne Borgen (born 2 June 1951) is a Norwegian politician for the Socialist Left Party, the current Mayor of Oslo.
Marienlyst is an area in the borough of St. Hanshaugen in Oslo.
Market town or market right is a legal term, originating in the Middle Ages, for a European settlement that has the right to host markets, distinguishing it from a village and city.
A master's degree (from Latin magister) is an academic degree awarded by universities or colleges upon completion of a course of study demonstrating mastery or a high-order overview of a specific field of study or area of professional practice.
Mats André Zuccarello Aasen (born 1 September 1987) is a Norwegian professional ice hockey winger and an alternate captain for the New York Rangers of the National Hockey League (NHL).
Melbourne is the state capital of Victoria and the second-most populous city in Australia and Oceania.
A metropolitan area, sometimes referred to as a metro area or commuter belt, is a region consisting of a densely populated urban core and its less-populated surrounding territories, sharing industry, infrastructure, and housing.
Norwegian School of Theology (1908), formerly the Free Faculty of Theology (Det teologiske Menighetsfakultet) is an accredited Norwegian Specialized University focused on Theology, Religion, Education, and Social Studies, located in Oslo, Norway.
Michelin Guides are a series of guide books published by the French tyre company Michelin for more than a century.
In the history of Europe, the Middle Ages (or Medieval Period) lasted from the 5th to the 15th century.
Millstones or mill stones are stones used in gristmills, for grinding wheat or other grains.
The Royal Ministry of Justice and Public Security (Det kongelige justis- og beredskapsdepartement) is a Norwegian government ministry in charge of justice, police and domestic intelligence.
A minority group refers to a category of people differentiated from the social majority, those who hold on to major positions of social power in a society.
Morgenbladet is a Norwegian weekly, intellectual newspaper, covering politics, culture and science.
Moroccans (Berber: ⵉⵎⵖⵕⴰⴱⵉⵢⵏ, Imɣṛabiyen) are people inhabiting or originating from Morocco that share a common Moroccan culture and Maghrebi ancestry.
Morocco (officially known as the Kingdom of Morocco, is a unitary sovereign state located in the Maghreb region of North Africa. It is one of the native homelands of the indigenous Berber people. Geographically, Morocco is characterised by a rugged mountainous interior, large tracts of desert and a lengthy coastline along the Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean Sea. Morocco has a population of over 33.8 million and an area of. Its capital is Rabat, and the largest city is Casablanca. Other major cities include Marrakesh, Tangier, Salé, Fes, Meknes and Oujda. A historically prominent regional power, Morocco has a history of independence not shared by its neighbours. Since the foundation of the first Moroccan state by Idris I in 788 AD, the country has been ruled by a series of independent dynasties, reaching its zenith under the Almoravid dynasty and Almohad dynasty, spanning parts of Iberia and northwestern Africa. The Marinid and Saadi dynasties continued the struggle against foreign domination, and Morocco remained the only North African country to avoid Ottoman occupation. The Alaouite dynasty, the current ruling dynasty, seized power in 1631. In 1912, Morocco was divided into French and Spanish protectorates, with an international zone in Tangier, and regained its independence in 1956. Moroccan culture is a blend of Berber, Arab, West African and European influences. Morocco claims the non-self-governing territory of Western Sahara, formerly Spanish Sahara, as its Southern Provinces. After Spain agreed to decolonise the territory to Morocco and Mauritania in 1975, a guerrilla war arose with local forces. Mauritania relinquished its claim in 1979, and the war lasted until a cease-fire in 1991. Morocco currently occupies two thirds of the territory, and peace processes have thus far failed to break the political deadlock. Morocco is a constitutional monarchy with an elected parliament. The King of Morocco holds vast executive and legislative powers, especially over the military, foreign policy and religious affairs. Executive power is exercised by the government, while legislative power is vested in both the government and the two chambers of parliament, the Assembly of Representatives and the Assembly of Councillors. The king can issue decrees called dahirs, which have the force of law. He can also dissolve the parliament after consulting the Prime Minister and the president of the constitutional court. Morocco's predominant religion is Islam, and the official languages are Arabic and Berber, with Berber being the native language of Morocco before the Arab conquest in the 600s AD. The Moroccan dialect of Arabic, referred to as Darija, and French are also widely spoken. Morocco is a member of the Arab League, the Union for the Mediterranean and the African Union. It has the fifth largest economy of Africa.
Morten Harket (born 14 September 1959) is a Norwegian musician, best known as the lead singer of the synthpop/rock band A-ha, which released ten studio albums and topped the charts internationally after their breakthrough hit "Take On Me" in 1985.
Moss Airport, Rygge (Moss lufthavn, Rygge) was an international airport serving Moss, Oslo and Eastern Norway.
is a coastal town and a municipality in Østfold county, Norway.
Munch Museum (Munch-museet) is an art museum in Oslo, Norway dedicated to the life and works of the Norwegian artist Edvard Munch.
Munch/Stenersen (Norwegian: Munchmuseet) is an upcoming building in Bjørvika, Oslo scheduled for completion in 2020.
The National Museum of Art, Architecture and Design (Nasjonalmuseet for kunst, arkitektur og design) in Oslo is the national museum of art of Norway.
The National Theatre in Oslo (Nationaltheatret) is one of Norway's largest and most prominent venues for performance of dramatic arts.
Nationaltheatret is an underground metro station and tram stop serving Vika and the city center of Oslo, Norway.
Nationen is a Norwegian daily newspaper with a particular focus on agriculture and rural districts.
Nelspruit (also known by its official name, Mbombela) is a city in northeastern South Africa.
Neoclassicism (from Greek νέος nèos, "new" and Latin classicus, "of the highest rank") is the name given to Western movements in the decorative and visual arts, literature, theatre, music, and architecture that draw inspiration from the "classical" art and culture of classical antiquity.
Nesodden is a municipality in Akershus county, Norway.
The City of New York, often called New York City (NYC) or simply New York, is the most populous city in the United States.
Nico & Vinz are a Norwegian duo consisting of Kahouly Nicolay "Nico" Sereba from Holmlia, Oslo and Vincent "Vinz" Dery from Lambertseter, Oslo.
Nidaros, Niðarós or Niðaróss was the medieval name of Trondheim when it was the capital of Norway's first Christian kings.
Nittedal is a municipality and city in Akershus county, Norway.
The Nobel Peace Center (Nobels Fredssenter) in Oslo, Norway is a showcase for the Nobel Peace Prize and the ideals it represents.
The Nobel Peace Prize (Swedish, Norwegian: Nobels fredspris) is one of the five Nobel Prizes created by the Swedish industrialist, inventor, and armaments manufacturer Alfred Nobel, along with the prizes in Chemistry, Physics, Physiology or Medicine, and Literature.
The Nobel Prize in Literature (Nobelpriset i litteratur) is a Swedish literature prize that has been awarded annually, since 1901, to an author from any country who has, in the words of the will of Swedish industrialist Alfred Nobel, produced "in the field of literature the most outstanding work in an ideal direction" (original Swedish: "den som inom litteraturen har producerat det mest framstående verket i en idealisk riktning").
Nordic skiing encompasses the various types of skiing in which the toe of the ski boot is fixed to the binding in a manner that allows the heel to rise off the ski, unlike Alpine skiing, where the boot is attached to the ski from toe to heel.
Nordmarka is the mostly forested region which makes up the northern part of Oslo, Norway.
Nordre Aker is a district of the city of Oslo, Norway.
Nordstrand Idrettsforening is a sports club in Nordstrand, Oslo, Norway.
Nordstrand is a district of the city of Oslo, Norway.
Norges Bank / Noregs Bank is the central bank of Norway.
Norway (Norwegian: (Bokmål) or (Nynorsk); Norga), officially the Kingdom of Norway, is a unitary sovereign state whose territory comprises the western portion of the Scandinavian Peninsula plus the remote island of Jan Mayen and the archipelago of Svalbard.
The Norway Cup is an international youth football tournament which has been held annually since 1972 (except 1976) in Oslo, Norway.
The Norwegian men's national ice hockey team is the national ice hockey team from Norway that participates at the IIHF World Championships.
The Norway men's national football team (Norges herrelandslag i fotball, or informally Landslaget) represents Norway in international association football and is controlled by the Football Association of Norway, the governing body for football in Norway.
The Norwegian Academy of Music (Norwegian: Norges musikkhøgskole, NMH) is a music conservatory located in Oslo, Norway, in the neighbourhood of Majorstuen, Frogner.
Norwegian Air Shuttle ASA, trading as Norwegian, is a Norwegian low-cost airline.
The Norwegian continental shelf is the continental shelf over which Norway exercises sovereign rights as defined by the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea.
The Norwegian Football Cup (Norgesmesterskapet i fotball for herrer) is the main knockout cup competition in Norwegian football.
The Norwegian football league system is a series of interconnected leagues for club football in Norway.
The Norwegian Humanist Association (Human-Etisk Forbund, HEF) is one of the largest secular humanist associations in the world, with 84,300 members.
The krone (sign: kr; code: NOK), plural kroner, is the currency of Norway and its dependent territories.
The Norwegian Military Academy (Krigsskolen), in Oslo, educates officers of the Norwegian Army and serves as the King's Royal Guard.
Norsk Folkemuseum (Norwegian Museum of Cultural History), at Bygdøy, Oslo, Norway, is a museum of cultural history with extensive collections of artifacts from all social groups and all regions of the country.
The Norwegian Nobel Institute (Det Norske Nobelinstitutt) is located in Oslo, Norway.
The Norwegian Police Security Service (Politiets sikkerhetstjeneste (PST), Politiets tryggingsteneste (PTT)) is the police security agency of Norway, somewhat comparable to the British MI5 (Security Service).
Norwegian School of Information Technology (Norges Informasjonsteknologiske Høgskole, NITH) is a Norwegian information technology university college located in Oslo, Norway.
The Norwegian School of Sport Sciences (Norges idrettshøgskole, NIH) is a public university located at Sognsvann in Oslo, Norway.
Norwegian School of Veterinary Science (Norges veterinærhøgskole) or NVH was a public university located at Adamstuen in Oslo, that educated veterinarians and veterinary nurses as well as research within aquatic medicine, food safety, comparative medicine and mammalian diseases, health and welfare.
Norges Statsbaner AS, trading as NSB AS and known in English as the Norwegian State Railways, is a government-owned railway company which operates most passenger train services in Norway.
The Norwegian University of Life Sciences (Norges miljø- og biovitenskapelige universitet, NMBU) is a public university located in Ås, Norway.
Norwegian Vietnamese or Vietnamese Norwegian refers to citizens or naturalized residents of Norway of Vietnamese descent.
Norwegians (nordmenn) are a Germanic ethnic group native to Norway.
Pakistani Norwegians are Norwegians of Pakistani descent.
NRK (an abbreviation of the Norwegian: Norsk rikskringkasting AS, generally expressed in English as the Norwegian Broadcasting Corporation) is the Norwegian government-owned radio and television public broadcasting company, and the largest media organisation in Norway.
The Norwegian Office of the Prime Minister (Statsministerens kontor) is a political and bureaucratic office that assists the Cabinet of Norway and the Prime Minister of Norway in the leadership of the Cabinet and Government.
Olaf Haraldsson (Old Norse: Óláfr Haraldsson, Norwegian: Olav Haraldsson; c. 1050 – 22 September 1093), known as Olaf Kyrre (Old Norse: kyrri, English: Peaceful), ruled Norway as (King Olaf III) from 1067 until his death in 1093.
Old Norse was a North Germanic language that was spoken by inhabitants of Scandinavia and inhabitants of their overseas settlements from about the 9th to the 13th century.
The Old Town of Oslo (Gamlebyen) is a neighborhood in the inner city of Oslo, Norway, belonging to the borough of Gamle Oslo and is the oldest urban areas within the current capital.
An opera house is a theatre building used for opera performances that consists of a stage, an orchestra pit, audience seating, and backstage facilities for costumes and set building.
Oppegård is a village and municipality in Akershus county, Norway.
Oppsal IF is a multi-sports club from Oslo, Norway.
The Oslo Accords are a set of agreements between the Government of Israel and the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO): the Oslo I Accord, signed in Washington, D.C., in 1993; (DOP), 13 September 1993.
Oslo Airport (Oslo Lufthavn) is the main international airport serving Oslo, Norway, the capital and most populous city in the country.
Oslo and Akershus University College (Høgskolen i Oslo og Akershus, abbr. HiOA) was the largest state university college in Norway from its establishment in 2011 until 2018, when it was transformed into Oslo Metropolitan University, the youngest of Norway's new universities.
Oslo 2022 was a campaign by Oslo and the Norwegian Olympic and Paralympic Committee and Confederation of Sports for the right to host the 2022 Winter Olympics.
Schola Osloensis, known in Norwegian as Oslo katedralskole (Oslo Cathedral School) and more commonly as "Katta" is a selective upper secondary school located in Oslo, Norway.
Oslo Central Station (Oslo sentralstasjon, abbreviated Oslo S) is the main railway station in Oslo, and the largest railway station within the entire Norwegian railway system.
Oslo City Hall (Oslo rådhus) is a municipal building in Oslo, the capital of Norway.
Oslo City Museum (Oslo Bymuseum) is a department of Oslo Museum in Oslo, Norway.
Oslo Commuter Rail (NSB Lokaltog Østlandet) is a commuter rail centered in Oslo, Norway, connecting the capital to six counties in Eastern Norway.
Oslo Concert Hall (Oslo Konserthus) is a concert hall located in Vika, a part of Oslo city centre in Norway.
The Oslo Metro (Oslo T-bane or Oslo Tunnelbane or simply T-banen.) is the rapid transit system of Oslo, Norway, operated by Sporveien T-banen on contract from the transit authority Ruter.
The Oslo National Academy of the Arts (Kunsthøgskolen i Oslo, KHiO) is a university college in Oslo, Norway, that provides education in visual arts, design and performing arts.
The Oslo Opera House (Operahuset) is the home of The Norwegian National Opera and Ballet, and the national opera theatre in Norway.
The Oslo Package 2 (Oslopakke 2) or O2 is a political agreement for financing investments in public transport in Oslo and Akershus, Norway.
The Oslo Philharmonic (Oslo-Filharmonien) is a Norwegian symphony orchestra based in Oslo, Norway.
Oslo Police District (Norwegian: Oslo politidistrikt) is largest police district in Norway The Police District of Asker og Bærum and Oslo Police District are from January 1, 2016 merged into one, Police Districts Asker and Bærum and Oslo are from 1 January 2016 merged into one, and kept the name Oslo Police District.
The Oslo School of Architecture and Design (Arkitektur- og designhøgskolen i Oslo), AHO, is an autonomous institution within the Norwegian university system.
The Oslo School of Management is now called Kristiania University College – Ernst G. Mortensen Foundation. It is a private college in Norway, organized as a foundation.
Oslo Spektrum is a multi-purpose indoor arena in east central Oslo, Norway.
Oslo Stock Exchange (Oslo Børs) (OSE: OSLO) is the only independent stock exchange within the Nordic countries and offers Norway’s only regulated markets for securities trading today. The stock exchange offers a full product range including equities, derivatives and fixed income instruments.
The Oslo Tunnel (Oslotunnelen) is a, double-track, railway tunnel which runs between Olav Kyrres plass and Oslo Central Station (Oslo S) in Oslo, Norway.
Oslo University College (Høgskolen i Oslo; HiO) was the largest state university college in Norway from 1994 to 2011, with more than 18,000 students and approx.
Oslo West Station (Oslo Vestbanestasjon) or Oslo V, is a former railway station located in Vika in Oslo, Norway.
The Oslofjord (Oslo Fjord) is an inlet in the south-east of Norway, stretching from an imaginary line between the Torbjørnskjær and Færder lighthouses and down to Langesund in the south to Oslo in the north.
Parks and open spaces are an integral part of the landscape of Oslo, the capital and largest city of Norway.
A parliamentary system is a system of democratic governance of a state where the executive branch derives its democratic legitimacy from its ability to command the confidence of the legislative branch, typically a parliament, and is also held accountable to that parliament.
A patron saint, patroness saint, patron hallow or heavenly protector is a saint who in Roman Catholicism, Anglicanism, Eastern Orthodoxy, or particular branches of Islam, is regarded as the heavenly advocate of a nation, place, craft, activity, class, clan, family or person.
Paul Waaktaar-Savoy (born Pål Waaktaar Gamst, 6 September 1961) is a Norwegian musician and songwriter.
Peace and conflict studies is a social science field that identifies and analyzes violent and nonviolent behaviours as well as the structural mechanisms attending conflicts (including social conflicts), with a view towards understanding those processes which lead to a more desirable human condition.
Peder Claussøn Friis (1 April 1545 – 15 October 1614) was a Norwegian clergyman, author and historian.
Peer Gynt is a five-act play in verse by the Norwegian dramatist Henrik Ibsen published in 1867.
A personal union is the combination of two or more states that have the same monarch while their boundaries, laws, and interests remain distinct.
Picea abies, the Norway spruce, is a species of spruce native to Northern, Central and Eastern Europe.
The Poles (Polacy,; singular masculine: Polak, singular feminine: Polka), commonly referred to as the Polish people, are a nation and West Slavic ethnic group native to Poland in Central Europe who share a common ancestry, culture, history and are native speakers of the Polish language.
The politics of Norway take place in the framework of a parliamentary representative democratic constitutional monarchy.
Posthuset (known until 2000 as Postgirobygget) is a commercial building located at Biskop Gunnerus' gate 14 in the city center of Oslo, Norway.
The Prime Minister of Norway (statsminister, literally the "minister of the state") is the head of government of Norway and the most powerful person in Norwegian politics.
A professional degree, formerly known in the US as a first professional degree, is a degree that prepares someone to work in a particular profession, often meeting the academic requirements for licensure or accreditation.
The Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet, Framstegspartiet, commonly abbreviated as FrP) is a political party in Norway.
Protected areas or conservation areas are locations which receive protection because of their recognized natural, ecological or cultural values.
Radisson Blu Plaza Hotel, Oslo (also known locally as Oslo Plaza) is situated in Oslo city centre.
Ragnar Anton Kittil Frisch (3 March 1895 – 31 January 1973) was a Norwegian economist and the co-recipient of the first Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences in 1969 (with Jan Tinbergen).
Raymond Johansen (Born 14 February 1961) is a Norwegian politician for the Labour Party who has been Governing Mayor of Oslo since 2015.
Rælingen is a village and municipality in Akershus county, Norway.
Røa IL is a Norwegian sports club from Røa in the borough of Vestre Aker, Oslo.
Røyken Municipality is a municipality in Buskerud County, Norway.
Real estate economics is the application of economic techniques to real estate markets.
The Red Party (Rødt, Raudt, Ruoksat) is a Norwegian far-left.
Regjeringskvartalet (the Government quarter) is a collection of buildings located in the centre of Norway's capital city Oslo, housing several offices for the Norwegian Government.
Reykjavík is the capital and largest city of Iceland.
Rikard Nordraak (12 June 1842 – 20 March 1866) was a Norwegian composer.
Norwegian National Road 150, also known as Ring 3 and formerly Store Ringvei is a beltway limited-access road which circumnavigates Oslo, Norway.
The Ring Line (T-baneringen or Ringbanen) is the newest rapid transit loop line of the Oslo Metro of Oslo, Norway.
A ring road (also known as beltline, beltway, circumferential (high)way, loop or orbital) is a road or a series of connected roads encircling a town, city, or country.
Road bicycle racing is the cycle sport discipline of road cycling, held on paved roads.
Rock music is a broad genre of popular music that originated as "rock and roll" in the United States in the early 1950s, and developed into a range of different styles in the 1960s and later, particularly in the United Kingdom and in the United States.
Rom Eiendom was a subsidiary of the Norwegian State Railways responsible for managing the commercial sections of the companies real estate.
Rostock is a city in the north German state Mecklenburg-Vorpommern.
Rotterdam is a city in the Netherlands, in South Holland within the Rhine–Meuse–Scheldt river delta at the North Sea.
Roy Jacobsen (born 26 December 1954) is a Norwegian novelist and short-story writer.
The Royal Palace (Slottet or formally Det kongelige slott) in Oslo was built in the first half of the 19th century as the Norwegian residence of the French-born King Charles III of Norway, who reigned as king of Norway and Sweden.
Rudolf William Nilsen (28 February 1901 – 23 March 1929) was a Norwegian poet and journalist.
Ruter AS is the public transport authority for Oslo and Akershus counties in Norway.
Ryanair is an Irish low-cost airline founded in 1984, headquartered in Swords, Dublin, Ireland, with its primary operational bases at Dublin and London Stansted airports.
Sagas are stories mostly about ancient Nordic and Germanic history, early Viking voyages, the battles that took place during the voyages, and migration to Iceland and of feuds between Icelandic families.
Sagene is a district of the city of Oslo, Norway.
Saint Petersburg (p) is Russia's second-largest city after Moscow, with 5 million inhabitants in 2012, part of the Saint Petersburg agglomeration with a population of 6.2 million (2015).
Salvador Domingo Felipe Jacinto Dalí i Domènech, 1st Marquess of Dalí de Púbol (11 May 190423 January 1989), known professionally as Salvador Dalí, was a prominent Spanish surrealist born in Figueres, Catalonia, Spain.
Sami languages is a group of Uralic languages spoken by the Sami people in Northern Europe (in parts of northern Finland, Norway, Sweden and extreme northwestern Russia).
The Sami people (also known as the Sámi or the Saami) are a Finno-Ugric people inhabiting Sápmi, which today encompasses large parts of Norway and Sweden, northern parts of Finland, and the Murmansk Oblast of Russia.
Sandefjord Airport, Torp (Sandefjord lufthavn, Torp;, marketed as TORP Sandefjord lufthavn) is an international airport located northeast of Sandefjord, Norway and south of Oslo.
Sandra Droucker (Drouker or Droucher) (7 May 18751 April 1944) was a Russian concert pianist, composer and music pedagogue.
Savoy (Savouè,; Savoie; Savoia) is a cultural region in Western Europe.
Søndre Nordstrand is a district of the city of Oslo, Norway.
Sørum is a municipality in Akershus county, Norway.
Scandinavian Airlines, usually known as SAS, is the flag carrier of Sweden, Norway, and Denmark, which together form mainland Scandinavia.
Schleswig-Holstein is the northernmost of the 16 states of Germany, comprising most of the historical duchy of Holstein and the southern part of the former Duchy of Schleswig.
Shanghai (Wu Chinese) is one of the four direct-controlled municipalities of China and the most populous city proper in the world, with a population of more than 24 million.
A shipyard (also called a dockyard) is a place where ships are built and repaired.
Sigrid Undset (20 May 1882 – 10 June 1949) was a Norwegian novelist who was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1928.
Skansen (the Sconce) is the first open-air museum and zoo in Sweden and is located on the island Djurgården in Stockholm, Sweden.
Skedsmo is a municipality in Akershus county, Norway.
Skeid is a Norwegian alliance sports club from Nordre Åsen, Oslo.
Ski is a town and kommune (municipality) in the Follo district, in Akershus fylke (county), Norway.
Snøhetta is an international architecture, landscape architecture, interior design and brand design office based in Oslo, Norway and New York City with studios in San Francisco, California, Innsbruck, Austria, Singapore and Stockholm, Sweden.
The Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti, Sosialistalas Gurutbellodat) or SV, is a democratic socialist political party in Norway.
Sognsvann (or Sognsvannet) is a 3.3 km circumference lake just north of Oslo, Norway.
Somalis (Soomaali, صوماليون) are an ethnic group inhabiting the Horn of Africa (Somali Peninsula).
Sonja Henie (8 April 1912 – 12 October 1969) was a Norwegian figure skater and film star.
Sri Lanka (Sinhala: ශ්රී ලංකා; Tamil: இலங்கை Ilaṅkai), officially the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka, is an island country in South Asia, located in the Indian Ocean to the southwest of the Bay of Bengal and to the southeast of the Arabian Sea.
Statistics Norway (Statistisk sentralbyrå, abbreviated to SSB) is the Norwegian statistics bureau.
A stave church is a medieval wooden Christian church building once common in north-western Europe.
Stockholm is the capital of Sweden and the most populous city in the Nordic countries; 952,058 people live in the municipality, approximately 1.5 million in the urban area, and 2.3 million in the metropolitan area.
Store norske leksikon, abbreviated SNL, is a Norwegian language (bokmål) encyclopedia.
The Storting (Stortinget, "the great thing" or "the great assembly") is the supreme legislature of Norway, established in 1814 by the Constitution of Norway.
The Storting building (Stortingsbygningen) is the seat of the Storting, the parliament of Norway.
Stovner is a district located to the far north east of the city of Oslo, Norway.
Sverre Sigurdsson (Sverrir Sigurðarson) (c. 1145/1151 – 9 March 1202) was the King of Norway from 1184 to 1202.
Sweden (Sverige), officially the Kingdom of Sweden (Swedish), is a Scandinavian country in Northern Europe.
Swedes (svenskar) are a Germanic ethnic group native to Sweden.
Tax revenue is the income that is gained by governments through taxation.
Tønsberg is a city and municipality in Vestfold county, southern Norway, located around south-southwest of Oslo on the western coast of the Oslofjord near its mouth onto the Skagerrak.
Tøyenbadet in Oslo is Norway's busiest indoor swimming facility.
Tel Aviv (תֵּל אָבִיב,, تل أَبيب) is the second most populous city in Israel – after Jerusalem – and the most populous city in the conurbation of Gush Dan, Israel's largest metropolitan area.
The Lady from the Sea (Norwegian: Fruen fra havet) is a play written in 1888 by Norwegian playwright Henrik Ibsen inspired by the ballad Agnete og Havmanden.
The Scream (Skrik) is the popular name given to each of four versions of a composition, created as both paintings and pastels, by Norwegian Expressionist artist Edvard Munch between 1893 and 1910.
Thor Heyerdahl (October 6, 1914 – April 18, 2002) was a Norwegian adventurer and ethnographer with a background in zoology, botany, and geography.
Thorbjørn Egner (12 December 1912 – 24 December 1990) was a Norwegian playwright, songwriter and illustrator known principally for his books, plays and musicals for children.
Timeline of transport in Oslo covers key incidents within transport in Oslo, the capital of Norway.
Tine Thing Helseth (born 18 August 1987) is a Norwegian trumpet soloist specializing in classical repertoire.
Tjuvholmen is a neighborhood in the borough Majorstuen in Oslo, Norway.
, officially, is one of the 47 prefectures of Japan and has been the capital since 1869.
A toll road, also known as a turnpike or tollway, is a public or private road for which a fee (or toll) is assessed for passage.
The Toppserien is the top level of women's association football in Norway.
Torleif Soviren Knaphus (14 December 1881 – 14 June 1965) was a Norwegian-born artist and sculptor in Utah, primarily known for sculptures for and about The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church).
Torshov is a neighborhood north of Grünerløkka and Lilleborg in the borough Sagene in Oslo, Norway.
Tove Nilsen (born 25 October 1952) is a Norwegian novelist, children's writer and literary critic.
The Oslo tram network (Trikken i Oslo, short from elektrikk, 'electric'), is the tram system in Oslo, Norway.
Trinity Church (in Norwegian, Trefoldighetskirken), is a church in the Hammersborg neighborhood in central Oslo, Norway.
Trygve Halvdan Lie (16 July 1896 – 30 December 1968) was a Norwegian politician, labour leader, government official and author.
The Oslo Winter Park at Tryvann (Oslo Vinterpark) is a ski resort in Oslo, Norway.
TV 2 is the largest commercial television broadcaster in Norway.
TV3 Norway is a commercial television channel targeting Norway owned by Viasat, which is a part of the Swedish media group Modern Times Group.
TVNorge (originally abbreviated TVN, now just abbreviated N in the logos; i.e. "TVNorway") is a Norwegian television channel.
The UCI Road World Championships are the annual world championships for bicycle road racing organized by the Union Cycliste Internationale (UCI).
The UEFA European Women's Championship, also called the UEFA Women's Euro and unofficially the "European Cup", held every fourth year, is the main competition in women's association football between national teams of the UEFA Confederation.
The 1997 UEFA Women's Championship, also referred to as Women's Euro 1997 was a football tournament held in 1997 in Norway and Sweden.
Ullensaker is a municipality in Akershus county, Norway.
Ullern is a district of the city of Oslo, Norway.
Ullevaal Stadion is an all-seater football stadium located in Oslo, Norway.
Ullevål Hageby is a residential area and garden city in borough Nordre Aker of Oslo, Norway.
Sweden and Norway or Sweden–Norway (Svensk-norska unionen; Den svensk-norske union), officially the United Kingdoms of Sweden and Norway, or as the United Kingdoms, was a personal union of the separate kingdoms of Sweden and Norway under a common monarch and common foreign policy that lasted from 1814 until its amicable and peaceful dissolution in 1905.
The University Botanical Garden (Botanisk hage) is Norway's oldest botanical garden.
The University of Oslo (Universitetet i Oslo), until 1939 named the Royal Frederick University (Det Kongelige Frederiks Universitet), is the oldest university in Norway, located in the Norwegian capital of Oslo.
An urban area is a human settlement with high population density and infrastructure of built environment.
Vaterland is a neighborhood in Oslo, Norway.
Vålerenga Fotball is a Norwegian association football club from Oslo and a part of the multi-sport club Vålerengens IF.
Vålerenga Ishockey (or; abbreviated as VIF) is a Norwegian ice hockey team based in Oslo, Norway.
Vårt Land (which literally means "Our Country" in Norwegian) is a daily newspaper published in Oslo.
Verdens Gang ("The course of the world"), generally known under the abbreviation VG, is a foreign-owned Norwegian tabloid newspaper.
Vestre Aker (Western Aker) is a district of the city of Oslo, Norway.
The Vigeland Museum (Vigeland-museet, often called Vigelandsmuseet) is a museum in Oslo, Norway.
Vika is a neighborhood in the boroughs Sentrum and Majorstuen in Oslo, Norway.
The Viking Ship Museum (Norwegian: Vikingskipshuset på Bygdøy) is located at Bygdøy in Oslo, Norway.
Viking ships were marine vessels of unique structure, built by the Vikings during the Viking Age.
Vikings (Old English: wicing—"pirate", Danish and vikinger; Swedish and vikingar; víkingar, from Old Norse) were Norse seafarers, mainly speaking the Old Norse language, who raided and traded from their Northern European homelands across wide areas of northern, central, eastern and western Europe, during the late 8th to late 11th centuries.
Vilhelm Friman Koren Bjerknes (14 March 1862 – 9 April 1951) was a Norwegian physicist and meteorologist who did much to found the modern practice of weather forecasting.
Vilnius (see also other names) is the capital of Lithuania and its largest city, with a population of 574,221.
Warsaw (Warszawa; see also other names) is the capital and largest city of Poland.
Washington, D.C., formally the District of Columbia and commonly referred to as Washington or D.C., is the capital of the United States of America.
White flight is a term that originated in the United States, starting in the 1950s and 1960s, and applied to the large-scale migration of people of various European ancestries from racially mixed urban regions to more racially homogeneous suburban or exurban regions.
Widerøe's Flyveselskap AS, trading as Widerøe, is the largest regional airline operating in the Nordic countries.
The World Health Organization (WHO; French: Organisation mondiale de la santé) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that is concerned with international public health.
World music (also called global music or international music) is a musical category encompassing many different styles of music from around the globe, which includes many genres including some forms of Western music represented by folk music, as well as selected forms of ethnic music, indigenous music, neotraditional music, and music where more than one cultural tradition, such as ethnic music and Western popular music, intermingle.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
The 1952 Winter Olympics (Norwegian: Vinter-OL 1952), officially known as the VI Olympic Winter Games (French: Les VIes Jeux olympiques d'hiver), took place in Oslo, Norway, from 14 to 25 February.
The 1961 Bandy World Championship was contested between four men's bandy playing nations.
The 1977 Bandy World Championship was contested between 4 men's bandy playing nations.
The 1985 Bandy World Championship was contested between as many as five men's bandy playing nations, more than ever before, as the United States entered the championship for the first time.
The 1987 European Competition for Women's Football took place in Norway.
The 1993 UCI Road World Championships took place in Oslo, Norway between 28–29 August 1993.
The 1999 IIHF World Championship was held in Oslo, Hamar and Lillehammer in Norway from 1 to 16 May.
The 2002 UEFA European Under-19 Championship was the first edition of the UEFA European Under-19 Championship, after the previous Under-18 competition was reclassified.
The 2011 Norway attacks, referred to in Norway as 22 July (Norwegian: 22. juli), the date of the events, were two sequential lone wolf terrorist attacks by Anders Behring Breivik against the government, the civilian population, and a Workers' Youth League (AUF)-run summer camp.
The 2022 Winter Olympics, officially known as the XXIV Olympic Winter Games (Les XXIVème Jeux olympiques d'hiver), and commonly known as Beijing 2022, is an international winter multi-sport event that is scheduled to take place from 4 to 20 February 2022, in Beijing and towns in the neighbouring Hebei province, People's Republic of China.
Capital of Norway, Christiana, Norway, Christiania, Norway, City of Oslo, Geography of Oslo, History of Oslo, Kristiania, Kristiania, Norway, List of books about Oslo, Municipality of Oslo, NOOSL, Olso, Oslo (county), Oslo fylke, Oslo, Norway, The weather in Oslo, Tigerstaden, UN/LOCODE:NOOSL, Ósló.