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Index Otorhinolaryngology

Otorhinolaryngology (also called otolaryngology and otolaryngology–head and neck surgery) is a surgical subspecialty within medicine that deals with conditions of the ear, nose, and throat (ENT) and related structures of the head and neck. [1]

85 relations: Adenoidectomy, Allergy, American Board of Otolaryngology, American Osteopathic Board of Ophthalmology and Otolaryngology, Ancient Greek, Audiology, Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery, Basal-cell carcinoma, Base of skull, Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo, Benign tumor, Blepharoplasty, Bone-anchored hearing aid, Cancer, Cannula, Caustic ingestion, Chin augmentation, Classical compound, Cochlear implant, Dizziness, Doctor of Medicine, Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine, Ear, Ear canal, Eardrum, Empty nose syndrome, Endolymphatic hydrops, Endoscopic endonasal surgery, Facial trauma, Forehead lift, General surgery, Genitive case, Head and neck anatomy, Head and neck cancer, Head mirror, Hearing loss, Hoarse voice, Injury, Labyrinthine fistula, Labyrinthitis, Laryngeal cancer, Laryngitis, Laryngomalacia, Laryngotracheal reconstruction, Mandible, Mastoiditis, Ménière's disease, Middle ear, Mosby's Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing & Health Professions, Myringotomy, ..., Nasal bone, New Latin, Nose, Nosebleed, Oral and maxillofacial surgery, Oral cancer, Otitis externa, Otitis media, Otoplasty, Otorhinolaryngology, Outer ear, Physician, Pituitary adenoma, Reinke's edema, Rhinitis, Rhinoplasty, Rhytidectomy, Salivary gland tumour, Septoplasty, Sinus (anatomy), Sinusitis, Skin cancer, Sleep apnea, Spasmodic dysphonia, Speech-language pathology, Squamous cell carcinoma, Surgeon, Throat, Thyroid cancer, Tonsillectomy, Tracheotomy, Vertigo, Vestibular schwannoma, Vocal fold nodule, Vocology. Expand index (35 more) »


Adenoidectomy is the surgical removal of the adenoid for reasons which include impaired breathing through the nose, chronic infections, or recurrent earaches.

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Allergies, also known as allergic diseases, are a number of conditions caused by hypersensitivity of the immune system to typically harmless substances in the environment.

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American Board of Otolaryngology

The American Board of Otolaryngology, located in Houston, Texas, is a non-profit corporation that has set the mission of ensuring professional standards with certificates and memberships, and have offered training in the fields of head neck surgery to professionals since 1924.

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American Osteopathic Board of Ophthalmology and Otolaryngology

The American Osteopathic Boards of Ophthalmology and Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery (AOBOO) is a joint organization that provides board certification to qualified Doctors of Osteopathic Medicine (D.O.) who specialize in the medical and surgical treatment of the eye (ophthalmologists) and to qualified Doctors of Osteopathic Medicine who specialize in the medical and surgical treatment of the ears, nose, and throat (otolaryngologists).

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Ancient Greek

The Ancient Greek language includes the forms of Greek used in ancient Greece and the ancient world from around the 9th century BC to the 6th century AD.

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Audiology (from Latin audīre, "to hear"; and from Greek -λογία, -logia) is a branch of science that studies hearing, balance, and related disorders.

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Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery

Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery, or in '''Medicinae Baccalaureus, Baccalaureus Chirurgiae'''. (abbreviated in many ways, e.g. MBBS, MB ChB, MB BCh, MB BChir (Cantab), BM BCh (Oxon), BMBS), are the two first professional degrees in medicine and surgery awarded upon graduation from medical school by universities in countries that follow the tradition of the United Kingdom.

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Basal-cell carcinoma

Basal-cell carcinoma (BCC), also known as basal-cell cancer, is the most common type of skin cancer.

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Base of skull

The base of skull is the most inferior area of the skull.

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Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo

Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) is a disorder arising from a problem in the inner ear.

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Benign tumor

A benign tumor is a mass of cells (tumor) that lacks the ability to invade neighboring tissue or metastasize.

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Blepharoplasty (Greek: blepharon, "eyelid" + plassein "to form") is the plastic surgery operation for correcting defects, deformities, and disfigurations of the eyelids; and for aesthetically modifying the eye region of the face.

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Bone-anchored hearing aid

A bone-anchored hearing aid (BAHA) or bone-anchored hearing device, is a type of hearing aid based on bone conduction.

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Cancer is a group of diseases involving abnormal cell growth with the potential to invade or spread to other parts of the body.

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A cannula (from Latin "little reed"; plural cannulae or cannulas) is a tube that can be inserted into the body, often for the delivery or removal of fluid or for the gathering of data.

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Caustic ingestion

Caustic ingestion occurs when someone accidentally or deliberately ingests a caustic or corrosive substance.

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Chin augmentation

Chin augmentation using surgical implants can alter the underlying structure of the face, providing better balance to the facial features.

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Classical compound

Classical compounds and neoclassical compounds are compound words composed from combining forms (which act as affixes or stems) derived from classical Latin or ancient Greek roots.

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Cochlear implant

A cochlear implant (CI) is a surgically implanted electronic device that provides a sense of sound to a person with severe to profound sensorineural hearing loss in both ears.

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Dizziness is an impairment in spatial perception and stability.

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Doctor of Medicine

A Doctor of Medicine (MD from Latin Medicinae Doctor) is a medical degree, the meaning of which varies between different jurisdictions.

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Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine

Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine (D.O.) is a professional doctoral degree for physicians and surgeons offered by medical schools in the United States.

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The ear is the organ of hearing and, in mammals, balance.

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Ear canal

The ear canal (external acoustic meatus, external auditory meatus, EAM; meatus acusticus externus) is a tube running from the outer ear to the middle ear.

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In the anatomy of humans and various other tetrapods, the eardrum, also called the tympanic membrane or myringa, is a thin, cone-shaped membrane that separates the external ear from the middle ear.

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Empty nose syndrome

Empty nose syndrome (ENS), one form of secondary atrophic rhinitis, is a rare clinical syndrome in which people who have clear nasal passages experience a range of symptoms, most commonly feelings of nasal obstruction, nasal dryness and crusting, and a sensation of being unable to breathe.

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Endolymphatic hydrops

Endolymphatic hydrops is a disorder of the inner ear.

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Endoscopic endonasal surgery

Endoscopic endonasal surgery is a minimally invasive technique used mainly in neurosurgery and otolaryngology.

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Facial trauma

Facial trauma, also called maxillofacial trauma, is any physical trauma to the face.

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Forehead lift

A forehead lift, also known as a browlift or browplasty, is a cosmetic surgery procedure used to elevate a drooping eyebrow that may obstruct vision and/or to remove the deep “worry” lines that run across the forehead.

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General surgery

General surgery is a surgical specialty that focuses on abdominal contents including esophagus, stomach, small bowel, colon, liver, pancreas, gallbladder, appendix and bile ducts, and often the thyroid gland (depending on local referral patterns).

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Genitive case

In grammar, the genitive (abbreviated); also called the second case, is the grammatical case that marks a word, usually a noun, as modifying another word, also usually a noun.

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Head and neck anatomy

This article describes the anatomy of the head and neck of the human body, including the brain, bones, muscles, blood vessels, nerves, glands, nose, mouth, teeth, tongue, and throat.

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Head and neck cancer

Head and neck cancer is a group of cancers that starts in the mouth, nose, throat, larynx, sinuses, or salivary glands.

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Head mirror

A head mirror is a simple diagnostic device, stereotypically worn by physicians, but less so in recent decades as they have become somewhat obsolete.

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Hearing loss

Hearing loss, also known as hearing impairment, is a partial or total inability to hear.

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Hoarse voice

A hoarse voice, also known as hoarseness or dysphonia, is when the voice involuntarily sounds breathy, raspy, or strained, or is softer in volume or lower in pitch.

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Injury, also known as physical trauma, is damage to the body caused by external force.

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Labyrinthine fistula

A labyrinthine fistula is an abnormal opening in the bony capsule of the inner ear, resulting in leakage of the perilymph from the cochlea into the middle ear.

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Labyrinthitis, also known as vestibular neuritis, is the inflammation of inner ear.

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Laryngeal cancer

Laryngeal cancer, also known as cancer of the larynx or laryngeal carcinoma, are mostly squamous cell carcinomas, reflecting their origin from the skin of the larynx.

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Laryngitis is inflammation of the larynx (voice box).

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Laryngomalacia (literally, "soft larynx") is the most common cause of chronic stridor in infancy, in which the soft, immature cartilage of the upper larynx collapses inward during inhalation, causing airway obstruction.

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Laryngotracheal reconstruction

Laryngotracheal reconstruction is a surgical procedure that involves expanding or removing parts of the airway to widen a narrowing within it, called laryngotracheal stenosis or subglottic stenosis.

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The mandible, lower jaw or jawbone is the largest, strongest and lowest bone in the human face.

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Mastoiditis is the result of an infection that extends to the air cells of the skull behind the ear.

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Ménière's disease

Ménière's disease (MD) is a disorder of the inner ear that is characterized by episodes of feeling like the world is spinning (vertigo), ringing in the ears (tinnitus), hearing loss, and a fullness in the ear.

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Middle ear

The middle ear is the portion of the ear internal to the eardrum, and external to the oval window of the inner ear.

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Mosby's Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing & Health Professions

Mosby's Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing & Health Professions is a dictionary of health related topics.

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A myringotomy, sometimes called by other names, is a surgical procedure in which a tiny incision is created in the eardrum (tympanic membrane) to relieve pressure caused by excessive buildup of fluid, or to drain pus from the middle ear.

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Nasal bone

The nasal bones are two small oblong bones, varying in size and form in different individuals; they are placed side by side at the middle and upper part of the face, and form, by their junction, "the bridge" of the nose.

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New Latin

New Latin (also called Neo-Latin or Modern Latin) was a revival in the use of Latin in original, scholarly, and scientific works between c. 1375 and c. 1900.

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A nose is a protuberance in vertebrates that houses the nostrils, or nares, which receive and expel air for respiration alongside the mouth.

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A nosebleed, also known as epistaxis, is the common occurrence of bleeding from the nose.

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Oral and maxillofacial surgery

Oral and maxillofacial surgery (OMS or OMFS) specializes in treating many diseases, injuries and defects in the head, neck, face, jaws and the hard and soft tissues of the oral (mouth) and maxillofacial (jaws and face) region.

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Oral cancer

Oral cancer, also known as mouth cancer, is a type of head and neck cancer and is any cancerous tissue growth located in the oral cavity.

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Otitis externa

Otitis externa, also called swimmer's ear, is inflammation of the ear canal.

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Otitis media

Otitis media is a group of inflammatory diseases of the middle ear.

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Otoplasty (Greek οὖς, oûs, "ear" + πλάσσειν plássein, "to shape") denotes the surgical and non-surgical procedures for correcting the deformities and defects of the pinna (external ear), and for reconstructing a defective, or deformed, or absent external ear, consequent to congenital conditions (e.g. microtia, anotia, etc.) and trauma (blunt, penetrating, or blast).

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Otorhinolaryngology (also called otolaryngology and otolaryngology–head and neck surgery) is a surgical subspecialty within medicine that deals with conditions of the ear, nose, and throat (ENT) and related structures of the head and neck.

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Outer ear

The outer ear, external ear, or auris externa is the external portion of the ear, which consists of the auricle (also pinna) and the ear canal.

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A physician, medical practitioner, medical doctor, or simply doctor is a professional who practises medicine, which is concerned with promoting, maintaining, or restoring health through the study, diagnosis, and treatment of disease, injury, and other physical and mental impairments.

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Pituitary adenoma

Pituitary adenomas are tumors that occur in the pituitary gland.

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Reinke's edema

Reinke's edema is the swelling of the vocal cords due to fluid (edema) collected within the Reinke's space.

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Rhinitis, also known as coryza, is irritation and inflammation of the mucous membrane inside the nose.

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Rhinoplasty (ῥίς rhis, nose + πλάσσειν plassein, to shape), commonly known as a nose job, is a plastic surgery procedure for correcting and reconstructing the form, restoring the functions, and aesthetically enhancing the nose by resolving nasal trauma (blunt, penetrating, blast), congenital defect, respiratory impediment, or a failed primary rhinoplasty.

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A facelift, technically known as a rhytidectomy (from Ancient Greek ῥυτίς (rhytis) "wrinkle" + ἐκτομή (ektome) "excision", surgical removal of wrinkles), is a type of cosmetic surgery procedure used to give a more youthful facial appearance.

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Salivary gland tumour

Salivary gland tumours or neoplasms are tumours that form in the tissues of salivary glands.

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Septoplasty (Etymology: L, saeptum, septum; Gk, πλάσσειν plassein – to shape), or alternatively submucous septal resection and septal reconstruction, is a corrective surgical procedure done to straighten the nasal septum, the partition between the two nasal cavities.

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Sinus (anatomy)

A sinus is a sac or cavity in any organ or tissue, or an abnormal cavity or passage caused by the destruction of tissue.

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Sinusitis, also known as a sinus infection or rhinosinusitis, is inflammation of the sinuses resulting in symptoms.

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Skin cancer

Skin cancers are cancers that arise from the skin.

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Sleep apnea

Sleep apnea, also spelled sleep apnoea, is a sleep disorder characterized by pauses in breathing or periods of shallow breathing during sleep.

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Spasmodic dysphonia

Spasmodic dysphonia, also known as laryngeal dystonia, is a disorder in which the muscles that generate a person's voice go into periods of spasm.

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Speech-language pathology

Speech-language pathology is a field of expertise practiced by a clinician known as a speech-language pathologist (SLP), also sometimes referred to as a speech and language therapist or a speech therapist. SLP is considered a "related health profession" along with audiology, optometry, occupational therapy, clinical psychology, physical therapy, and others.

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Squamous cell carcinoma

Squamous cell carcinomas, also known as epidermoid carcinoma are a number of different types of cancer that result from squamous cells.

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In medicine, a surgeon is a physician who performs surgical operations.

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In vertebrate anatomy, the throat is the front part of the neck, positioned in front of the vertebra.

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Thyroid cancer

Thyroid cancer is cancer that develops from the tissues of the thyroid gland.

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Tonsillectomy is a surgical procedure in which both palatine tonsils (hereafter called "tonsils") are removed from a recess in the side of the pharynx called the tonsillar fossa.

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Tracheotomy, or tracheostomy, is a surgical procedure which consists of making an incision on the anterior aspect of the neck and opening a direct airway through an incision in the trachea (windpipe).

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Vertigo is a symptom where a person feels as if they or the objects around them are moving when they are not.

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Vestibular schwannoma

A vestibular schwannoma (VS) is a benign primary intracranial tumor of the myelin-forming cells of the vestibulocochlear nerve (8th cranial nerve).

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Vocal fold nodule

Vocal fold nodules are bilaterally symmetrical benign white masses that form at the midpoint of the vocal folds.

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Vocology is the science and practice of vocal habilitation.

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[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Otorhinolaryngology

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