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Outline of diabetes

Index Outline of diabetes

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to diabetes mellitus (diabetes insipidus not included below): Diabetes mellitus – group of metabolic diseases in which a person has high blood sugar, either because the pancreas does not produce enough insulin, or because cells do not respond properly to the insulin that is produced, a condition called insulin resistance. [1]

76 relations: Atkins diet, Atkins Nutritionals, Blood sugar level, Blurred vision, Breyers, Bruise, Carbohydrate, Charles Best (medical scientist), Cystic fibrosis-related diabetes, Diabetes mellitus, Diabetes mellitus type 1, Diabetes mellitus type 2, Disease, Diseases of affluence, Edward Albert Sharpey-Schafer, Exercise, Fatigue, Frederick Banting, Gary Taubes, Genetic causes of diabetes mellitus type 1, Genetic causes of diabetes mellitus type 2, Gestational diabetes, Glycemic index, Glycemic load, Harold Percival Himsworth, Healing, History of diabetes, Hunger, Impaired glucose tolerance, Infection, Influenza-like illness, Insulin, Insulin (medication), Insulin index, Insulin resistance, James Collip, Joseph von Mering, Ketogenic diet, Lifestyle causes of diabetes mellitus type 2, Low-carbohydrate diet, Management of obesity, Maturity onset diabetes of the young, Meat, Monosaccharide, Montignac diet, No-carbohydrate diet, Nutrition, Oskar Minkowski, Outline (list), Outline of exercise, ..., Outline of health, Outline of medicine, Outline of nutrition, Pancreas, Paresthesia, Paul Langerhans, Polydipsia, Polyphagia, Polyuria, Prediabetes, Prevention of diabetes mellitus type 2, Pritikin diet, Richard K. Bernstein, Robert Atkins (nutritionist), Self-care, Shirataki noodles, South Beach Diet, Steroid diabetes, Stillman diet, Sugar Busters!, Weakness, Weight gain, Weight loss, William Banting, Wound, Zone diet. Expand index (26 more) »

Atkins diet

The Atkins diet, also known as the Atkins nutritional approach, is a commercial weight-loss program devised by Robert Atkins.

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Atkins Nutritionals

Atkins Nutritionals, Inc. was founded by Robert Atkins in order to promote the low-carbohydrate packaged foods of the Atkins diet.

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Blood sugar level

The blood sugar level, blood sugar concentration, or blood glucose level is the amount of glucose present in the blood of humans and other animals.

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Blurred vision

Blurred vision is an ocular symptom.

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Breyers

Breyers is a brand of frozen desserts sold in the United States and Canada and owned by Unilever.

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Bruise

A contusion, commonly known as a bruise, is a type of hematoma of tissue in which capillaries and sometimes venules are damaged by trauma, allowing blood to seep, hemorrhage, or extravasate into the surrounding interstitial tissues.

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Carbohydrate

A carbohydrate is a biomolecule consisting of carbon (C), hydrogen (H) and oxygen (O) atoms, usually with a hydrogen–oxygen atom ratio of 2:1 (as in water); in other words, with the empirical formula (where m may be different from n).

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Charles Best (medical scientist)

Charles Herbert Best (February 27, 1899 – March 31, 1978) was a Canadian medical scientist and one of the co-discoverers of insulin.

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Cystic fibrosis-related diabetes

Cystic fibrosis-related diabetes (CFRD) is diabetes specifically caused by cystic fibrosis, a genetic condition.

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Diabetes mellitus

Diabetes mellitus (DM), commonly referred to as diabetes, is a group of metabolic disorders in which there are high blood sugar levels over a prolonged period.

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Diabetes mellitus type 1

Diabetes mellitus type 1, also known as type 1 diabetes, is a form of diabetes mellitus in which not enough insulin is produced.

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Diabetes mellitus type 2

Diabetes mellitus type 2 (also known as type 2 diabetes) is a long-term metabolic disorder that is characterized by high blood sugar, insulin resistance, and relative lack of insulin.

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Disease

A disease is any condition which results in the disorder of a structure or function in an organism that is not due to any external injury.

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Diseases of affluence

Diseases of affluence is a term sometimes given to selected diseases and other health conditions which are commonly thought to be a result of increasing wealth in a society.

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Edward Albert Sharpey-Schafer

Sir Edward Albert Sharpey-Schafer FRS FRSE FRCP LLD (2 June 1850 – 29 March 1935) was an English physiologist.

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Exercise

Exercise is any bodily activity that enhances or maintains physical fitness and overall health and wellness.

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Fatigue

Fatigue is a subjective feeling of tiredness that has a gradual onset.

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Frederick Banting

Sir Frederick Grant Banting (November 14, 1891 – February 21, 1941) was a Canadian medical scientist, physician, painter, and Nobel laureate noted as the co-discoverer of insulin and its therapeutic potential.

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Gary Taubes

Gary Taubes (born April 30, 1956) is an American science writer.

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Genetic causes of diabetes mellitus type 1

At least 20 different chromosomal regions have been linked to type 1 diabetes (T1D) susceptibility in humans, using genome screening, candidate gene testing, and studies of human homologues of mouse susceptibility genes.

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Genetic causes of diabetes mellitus type 2

Most cases of diabetes mellitus type 2 involved many genes contributing small amount to the overall condition.

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Gestational diabetes

Gestational diabetes is a condition in which a woman without diabetes develops high blood sugar levels during pregnancy.

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Glycemic index

The glycemic index or glycaemic index (GI) is a number associated with the carbohydrates in a particular type of food that indicates the effect of these carbohydrates on a person's blood glucose (also called blood sugar) level.

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Glycemic load

The glycemic load (GL) of food is a number that estimates how much the food will raise a person's blood glucose level after eating it.

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Harold Percival Himsworth

Sir Harold Percival (Harry) Himsworth, KCB, FRS (19 May 1905 – 1 November 1993) was a British scientist, best known for his medical research on diabetes mellitus.

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Healing

Healing (literally meaning to make whole) is the process of the restoration of health from an unbalanced, diseased or damaged organism.

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History of diabetes

Diabetes is one of the first diseases described with an Egyptian manuscript from c. 1500 BCE mentioning “too great emptying of the urine.” The first described cases are believed to be of type 1 diabetes.

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Hunger

In politics, humanitarian aid, and social science, hunger is a condition in which a person, for a sustained period, is unable to eat sufficient food to meet basic nutritional needs.

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Impaired glucose tolerance

Impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) is a pre-diabetic state of hyperglycemia that is associated with insulin resistance and increased risk of cardiovascular pathology.

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Infection

Infection is the invasion of an organism's body tissues by disease-causing agents, their multiplication, and the reaction of host tissues to the infectious agents and the toxins they produce.

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Influenza-like illness

Influenza-like illness (ILI), also known as acute respiratory infection (ARI) and flu-like syndrome/symptoms, is a medical diagnosis of possible influenza or other illness causing a set of common symptoms.

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Insulin

Insulin (from Latin insula, island) is a peptide hormone produced by beta cells of the pancreatic islets; it is considered to be the main anabolic hormone of the body.

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Insulin (medication)

Insulin is a protein hormone that is used as a medication to treat high blood glucose.

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Insulin index

The Insulin Index of a food represents how much it elevates the concentration of insulin in the blood during the two-hour period after the food is ingested.

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Insulin resistance

Insulin resistance (IR) is a pathological condition in which cells fail to respond normally to the hormone insulin.

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James Collip

James Bertram Collip, (November 20, 1892 – June 19, 1965) was a Candadian biochemist who was part of the Toronto group which isolated insulin.

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Joseph von Mering

Josef, Baron von Mering (28 February 1849, in Cologne – 5 January 1908, at Halle an der Saale, Germany) was a German physician.

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Ketogenic diet

The ketogenic diet is a high-fat, adequate-protein, low-carbohydrate diet that in medicine is used primarily to treat difficult-to-control (refractory) epilepsy in children.

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Lifestyle causes of diabetes mellitus type 2

A number of lifestyle factors are known to be important to the development of diabetes mellitus type 2 including: obesity, physical activity, diet, stress, and urbanization.

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Low-carbohydrate diet

Low-carbohydrate diets or low-carb diets are dietary programs that restrict carbohydrate consumption.

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Management of obesity

Management of obesity can include lifestyle changes, medications, or surgery.

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Maturity onset diabetes of the young

"Maturity onset diabetes of the young" (MODY) refers to any of several hereditary forms of diabetes mellitus caused by mutations in an autosomal dominant gene disrupting insulin production.

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Meat

Meat is animal flesh that is eaten as food.

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Monosaccharide

Monosaccharides (from Greek monos: single, sacchar: sugar), also called simple sugars, are the most basic units of carbohydrates.

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Montignac diet

The Montignac diet is a weight-loss diet that was popular in the 1990s, mainly in Europe.

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No-carbohydrate diet

A no-carbohydrate diet (no-carb diet, zero carb diet) excludes dietary consumption of all carbohydrates (including dietary fiber) and suggests fat as the main source of energy with sufficient protein.

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Nutrition

Nutrition is the science that interprets the interaction of nutrients and other substances in food in relation to maintenance, growth, reproduction, health and disease of an organism.

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Oskar Minkowski

Oskar Minkowski (13 January 1858 – 18 July 1931) held a professorship at the University of Breslau and is most famous for his research on diabetes.

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Outline (list)

An outline, also called a hierarchical outline, is a list arranged to show hierarchical relationships and is a type of tree structure.

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Outline of exercise

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to exercise: Exercise – any bodily activity that enhances or maintains physical fitness and overall health and wellness.

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Outline of health

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to health: Health – functional and metabolic efficiency of an organism.

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Outline of medicine

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to medicine: Medicine – science of healing.

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Outline of nutrition

The following outline is provided as an overview of and a topical guide to nutrition.

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Pancreas

The pancreas is a glandular organ in the digestive system and endocrine system of vertebrates.

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Paresthesia

Paresthesia is an abnormal sensation such as tingling, tickling, pricking, numbness or burning of a person's skin with no apparent physical cause.

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Paul Langerhans

Paul Langerhans (25 July 1847 – 20 July 1888) was a German pathologist, physiologist and biologist, credited with the discovery of the cells that secrete insulin, named after him as the islets of Langerhans.

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Polydipsia

Polydipsia is excessive thirst or excess drinking.

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Polyphagia

Polyphagia or hyperphagia is excessive hunger or increased appetite.

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Polyuria

Polyuria is excessive or an abnormally large production or passage of urine (greater than 2.5 or 3 L over 24 hours in adults).

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Prediabetes

Prediabetes is the precursor stage before diabetes mellitus in which not all of the symptoms required to diagnose diabetes are present, but blood sugar is abnormally high.

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Prevention of diabetes mellitus type 2

Prevention of diabetes mellitus type 2 can be achieved with both lifestyle changes and use of medication.

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Pritikin diet

The Pritikin diet is a low-fat, high-fibre diet which forms part of the "Pritikin Program for Diet and Exercise", a lifestyle regimen originally created by Nathan Pritikin.

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Richard K. Bernstein

Richard K. Bernstein (born June 17, 1934) is a physician and an advocate for a low-carbohydrate diabetes diet to help achieve normal blood sugars for diabetics.

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Robert Atkins (nutritionist)

Dr.

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Self-care

In health care, self-care is any necessary human regulatory function which is under individual control, deliberate and self-initiated.

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Shirataki noodles

are thin, translucent, gelatinous traditional Japanese noodles made from the konjac yam (devil's tongue yam or elephant yam).

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South Beach Diet

The South Beach Diet is a popular fad diet developed by Arthur Agatston and promoted in a best-selling 2003 book.

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Steroid diabetes

Steroid diabetes (also "steroid-induced diabetes") is a medical term referring to prolonged hyperglycemia due to glucocorticoid therapy for another medical condition.

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Stillman diet

The Doctor's Quick Weight Loss Diet (The Stillman Diet) was created by Irwin Maxwell Stillman, M.D., in 1967.

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Sugar Busters!

The Sugar Busters diet is a diet focused on eliminating foods containing refined carbohydrates such as refined sugar, white flour, and white rice, as well as naturally occurring carbohydrates rating high on the glycemic index such as potatoes and carrots.

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Weakness

Weakness or asthenia is a symptom of a number of different conditions.

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Weight gain

Weight gain is an increase in body weight.

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Weight loss

Weight loss, in the context of medicine, health, or physical fitness, refers to a reduction of the total body mass, due to a mean loss of fluid, body fat or adipose tissue or lean mass, namely bone mineral deposits, muscle, tendon, and other connective tissue.

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William Banting

William Banting (c. December 1796 – 16 March 1878) was a notable English undertaker.

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Wound

A wound is a type of injury which happens relatively quickly in which skin is torn, cut, or punctured (an open wound), or where blunt force trauma causes a contusion (a closed wound).

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Zone diet

The Zone diet is a low carbohydrate diet developed by biochemist Barry Sears.

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References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Outline_of_diabetes

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