267 relations: Academic degree, Academic library, Academy, Academy (English school), Ad eundem degree, Adjunct professor, Adult education, Adult high school, Agricultural education, Alternative education, Alternative school, American Indian boarding schools, Anarchistic free school, Ancient higher-learning institutions, Anti-schooling activism, Archive, Art museum, Assistant professor, Associate degree, Associate professor, Autodidacticism, Bachelor of Education, Bachelor's degree, Behavior modification, Bloom's taxonomy, Board of education, Boarding school, Botanical garden, Business education, Canadian Indian residential school system, Carnegie library, Cathedral school, Chancellor (education), Charter school, Chemistry education, Children's museum, Classics, Collaborative learning, College, College preparatory course, College-preparatory school, Community college, Comparative education, Comprehensive school, Compulsory education, Computer science, Context-based learning, Continuing education, Cultural studies, Curriculum, ..., Dance education, Day school, Dean (education), Democratic education, Department of Bantu Education, Design museum, Design-based learning, Digital library, Diploma, Distance education, Doctor of Education, Doctorate, Early childhood education, Economics education, Education, Educational animation, Educational psychology, Educational stage, Educational technology, Elementary school, Engineer's degree, Engineering education, Environmental education, Experience, Experiential education, Experiential learning, External degree, First school, Folk high school, For-profit education, Foundation degree, Free education, Free school (England), Further education, Gifted education, Glossary of education terms, Grading in education, Graduate school, Grammar school, Gymnasium (school), Head teacher, Health education, Hedge school, High school (North America), Higher education, Historic house museum, History of education, History of education in China, History of education in Japan, History of education in the Indian subcontinent, History of education in the United States, Homeschooling, Homework, Honorary degree, Humanistic education, Inclusion (education), Independent school, Independent school (United Kingdom), Index of education articles, Indigenous peoples, Infant school, Inquiry-based learning, Institute of technology, International school, International studies, Isabel Campoy, John Taylor Gatto, Journalism school, Junior college, Junior school, Katakombenschule, K–12, Kindergarten, Kinesthetic learning, Knowledge, Krifo scholio, Lambeth degree, Language education, Learning, Learning by teaching, Learning community, Legal education, Library, Life skills, Lifelong learning, List of aerospace museums, List of art museums, List of automobile museums, List of chocolate museums, List of countries by spending on education (% of GDP), List of education ministries, List of jail and prison museums, List of libraries, List of maritime colleges, List of museums of Islamic art, List of national and state libraries, List of national museums, List of natural history museums, List of numismatic collections, List of science museums, List of transport museums, List of video game museums, Lists of schools, Lists of universities and colleges, Lyceum, Lyceum (Classical), Madrasa, Magnet school, Maritime museum, Master of Education, Master's degree, Mathematics education, Medical education, Medical museum, Medieval university, Microdegree, Middle school, Military education and training, Mind, Mobile museum, Monastic school, Montessori education, Moral character, Museum, Museum education, Music education, National library, Native schools, Natural history museum, One-room school, Online learning community, Open classroom, Open learning, Open-air museum, Outline (list), Parent, Parent-Teacher Association, Parenting, Parochial school, Peace education, Performing arts education, Personalized learning, Philosophy education, Philosophy of education, Philosophy, Politics and Economics, Physical education, Physics education, Platonic Academy, Popular education, Postal museum, Pre-kindergarten, Preparatory school (United Kingdom), Preschool, Primary education, Primary school, Private school, Problem-based learning, Problem-posing education, Professional school, Professor, Progressive education, Project-based learning, Public library, Public school (United Kingdom), Ranch school, Rector (academia), Relationship education, Religious education, Remedial education, Research library, School, School leaving qualification, Science education, Science museum, Secondary education, Secondary school, Selective school, Seminary, Separate school, Service-learning, Sex education, Single-sex education, Sixth form college, Skill, Slow education, Socialization, Special education, Special library, Specialist degree, State school, State-integrated school, Student, Student-centred learning, Students' union, Studio school, Study skills, Teacher, Teacher education, Teaching assistant, Tertiary education, Textbook, Tutor, University, University technical college, Upper division college, Upper school, Value (ethics), Virtual museum, Virtual school, Visual arts education, Vocal school, Vocational education, Vocational school, Vocational university, Waldorf education, Yeshiva, Zoo. 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An academic degree is a qualification awarded to students upon successful completion of a course of study in higher education, normally at a college or university.
An academic library is a library that is attached to a higher education institution which serves two complementary purposes to support the school's curriculum, and to support the research of the university faculty and students.
An academy (Attic Greek: Ἀκαδήμεια; Koine Greek Ἀκαδημία) is an institution of secondary education, higher learning, research, or honorary membership.
Academy schools are state-funded schools in England which are directly funded by the Department for Education and independent of local authority control.
An ad eundem degree is an academic degree awarded by one university or college to an alumnus of another, in a process often known as incorporation.
Adjunct professor (adjunct lecturer and adjunct instructor, or adjunct faculty collectively) is a type of academic appointment in higher education.
Adult education is a practice in which adults engage in systematic and sustained self-educating activities in order to gain new forms of knowledge, skills, attitudes, or values.
An adult high school or adult school is a high school facility designed for adult education.
Agricultural Education is the teaching of agriculture, natural resources, and land management.
Alternative education encompasses many pedagogical approaches differing from mainstream pedagogy.
An alternative school is an educational establishment with a curriculum and methods that are nontraditional.
Native American boarding schools, also known as Indian Residential Schools were established in the United States during the late 19th and mid 20th centuries with a primary objective of assimilating Native American children and youth into Euro-American culture, while at the same time providing a basic education in Euro-American subject matters.
An anarchistic free school (also anarchist free school and free skool) is a decentralized network in which skills, information, and knowledge are shared without hierarchy or the institutional environment of formal schooling.
A variety of ancient higher-learning institutions were developed in many cultures to provide institutional frameworks for scholarly activities.
Anti-schooling activism or radical education reform seeks to abolish compulsory schooling laws.
An archive is an accumulation of historical records or the physical place they are located.
An art museum or art gallery is a building or space for the exhibition of art, usually visual art.
Assistant professor is an academic rank used in universities or colleges in the United States, Canada, and some other countries.
An associate degree (or associate's degree) is an undergraduate academic degree awarded by colleges and universities upon completion of a course of study intended to usually last two years or more.
Associate professor (frequently capitalized as Associate Professor) is an academic title that can have different meanings.
Autodidacticism (also autodidactism) or self-education (also self-learning and self-teaching) is education without the guidance of masters (such as teachers and professors) or institutions (such as schools).
A Bachelor of Education (B.Ed.) is a graduate professional degree which prepares students for work as a teacher in schools, though in some countries additional work must be done in order for the student to be fully qualified to teach.
A bachelor's degree (from Middle Latin baccalaureus) or baccalaureate (from Modern Latin baccalaureatus) is an undergraduate academic degree awarded by colleges and universities upon completion of a course of study lasting three to seven years (depending on institution and academic discipline).
Behavior modification refers to behavior-change procedures that were employed during the 1970s and early 1980s.
Bloom's taxonomy is a set of three hierarchical models used to classify educational learning objectives into levels of complexity and specificity.
A board of education, school committee or school board is the board of directors or board of trustees of a school, local school district or higher administrative level.
A boarding school provides education for pupils who live on the premises, as opposed to a day school.
A botanical garden or botanic gardenThe terms botanic and botanical and garden or gardens are used more-or-less interchangeably, although the word botanic is generally reserved for the earlier, more traditional gardens.
Business education involves teaching students the fundamentals, theories, and processes of business.
In Canada, the Indian residential school system was a network of boarding schools for Indigenous peoples.
A Carnegie library is a library built with money donated by Scottish businessman and philanthropist Andrew Carnegie.
Cathedral schools began in the Early Middle Ages as centers of advanced education, some of them ultimately evolving into medieval universities.
A chancellor is a leader of a college or university, usually either the executive or ceremonial head of the university or of a university campus within a university system.
A charter school is a school that receives government funding but operates independently of the established state school system in which it is located.
Chemistry education (or chemical education) is the study of the teaching and learning of chemistry in all schools, colleges and universities.
Children's museums are institutions that provide exhibits and programs to stimulate informal learning experiences for children.
Classics or classical studies is the study of classical antiquity.
Collaborative learning is a situation in which two or more people learn or attempt to learn something together.
A college (Latin: collegium) is an educational institution or a constituent part of one.
A College preparatory course is a means by which college bound high school students may better meet the more stringent scholastic requirements for entry into colleges and universities.
A college-preparatory school (shortened to preparatory school, prep school, or college prep) is a type of secondary school.
A community college is a type of educational institution.
Comparative education Comparative education is a discipline in the social sciences which entails the scrutiny and evaluation of different educational systems, such as those in various countries.
A comprehensive school is a secondary school that is a state school and does not select its intake on the basis of academic achievement or aptitude, in contrast to the selective school system, where admission is restricted on the basis of selection criteria.
Compulsory education refers to a period of education that is required of all people and is imposed by government.
Computer science deals with the theoretical foundations of information and computation, together with practical techniques for the implementation and application of these foundations.
Context-based learning, CBL, refers to the use of real-life and fictitious examples in teaching environments in order to learn through the actual, practical experience with a subject rather than just its mere theoretical parts.
Continuing education (similar to further education in the United Kingdom and Ireland) is an all-encompassing term within a broad list of post-secondary learning activities and programs.
Cultural studies is a field of theoretically, politically, and empirically engaged cultural analysis that concentrates upon the political dynamics of contemporary culture, its historical foundations, defining traits, conflicts, and contingencies.
In education, a curriculum (plural: curricula or curriculums) is broadly defined as the totality of student experiences that occur in the educational process.
Dance education is the transferring of dance performance skills and knowledge of dance to students through teaching and training, or acquiring such knowledge and skills through research.
A day school—as opposed to a boarding school—is an educational institution where children (or high school age adolescents) are given instruction during the day, after which the students return to their homes.
In academic administrations such as colleges or universities, a dean is the person with significant authority over a specific academic unit, or over a specific area of concern, or both.
Democratic education is an educational ideal in which democracy is both a goal and a method of instruction.
The Department of Bantu Education was an organ created by the National Party government of South Africa in 1953.
A design museum is a museum with a focus on product, industrial, graphic, fashion and architectural design.
Design-based learning (DBL), also known as design-based instruction, is an inquiry-based form of learning, or pedagogy, that is based on integration of design thinking and the design process into the classroom at the K-12 and post-secondary levels.
A digital library, digital repository, or digital collection, is an online database of digital objects that can include text, still images, audio, video, or other digital media formats.
A diploma is a certificate or deed issued by an educational institution, such as college or university, that testifies that the recipient has successfully completed a particular course of study.
Distance education or long-distance learning is the education of students who may not always be physically present at a school.
The Doctor of Education (EdD or DEd; Latin Educationis Doctor or Doctor Educationis) is a doctoral degree that has a research focus in the field of education.
A doctorate (from Latin docere, "to teach") or doctor's degree (from Latin doctor, "teacher") or doctoral degree (from the ancient formalism licentia docendi) is an academic degree awarded by universities that is, in most countries, a research degree that qualifies the holder to teach at the university level in the degree's field, or to work in a specific profession.
Early childhood education (ECE; also nursery education) is a branch of education theory which relates to the teaching of older children (formally and informally) up until the age of about eighteen (birth to Grade 2).
Economics education or economic education is a field within economics that focuses on two main themes: 1) the current state of, and efforts to improve, the economics curriculum, materials and pedagogical techniques used to teach economics at all educational levels; and 2) research into the effectiveness of alternative instructional techniques in economics, the level of economic literacy of various groups, and factors that influence the level of economic literacy. Economics education is distinct from economics of education, which focuses on the economics of the institution of education.
Education is the process of facilitating learning, or the acquisition of knowledge, skills, values, beliefs, and habits.
Educational animations are animations produced for the specific purpose of fostering learning.
Educational psychology is the branch of psychology concerned with the scientific study of human learning.
Educational stages are subdivisions of formal learning, typically covering early childhood education, primary education, secondary education and tertiary (or higher) education.
Educational technology is "the study and ethical practice of facilitating learning and improving performance by creating, using, and managing appropriate technological processes and resources".
Elementary school is a school for students in their first school years, where they get primary education before they enter secondary education.
An engineer's degree is an advanced academic degree in engineering that is conferred in Europe, some countries of Latin America, and a few institutions in the United States.
Engineering education is the activity of teaching knowledge and principles to the professional practice of engineering.
Environmental education (EE) refers to organized efforts to teach how natural environments function, and particularly, how human beings can manage behavior and ecosystems to live sustainably.
Experience is the knowledge or mastery of an event or subject gained through involvement in or exposure to it.
Experiential education is a philosophy of education that describes the process that occurs between a teacher and student that infuses direct experience with the learning environment and content.
Experiential learning is the process of learning through experience, and is more specifically defined as "learning through reflection on doing".
An external degree is a degree offered by a university to students who have not been required to be physically present within the geographic territory of the institution.
See infant school, junior school, or primary school and primary education.
Folk high schools (Danish: Folkehøjskole; Dutch: Volkshogeschool; Finnish: kansanopisto and työväenopisto or kansalaisopisto; German: Volkshochschule and (a few) Heimvolkshochschule; Norwegian: Folkehøgskole; Swedish: Folkhögskola; Hungarian: népfőiskola) are institutions for adult education that generally do not grant academic degrees, though certain courses might exist leading to that goal.
For-profit education (also known as the education services industry or proprietary education) refers to educational institutions operated by private, profit-seeking businesses.
A foundation degree is a combined academic and vocational qualification in higher education, equivalent to two thirds of an honours bachelor's degree, introduced by the government of the United Kingdom in September 2001.
Free education is education funded through taxation or charitable organizations rather than tuition funding.
A free school in England is a type of academy, a non-profit-making, independent, state-funded school which is free to attend but which is not wholly controlled by a local authority.
Further education (often abbreviated FE) in the United Kingdom and Ireland is education in addition to that received at secondary school, that is distinct from the higher education (HE) offered in universities and other academic institutions.
Gifted education (also known as Gifted and Talented Education (GATE), Talented and Gifted (TAG), or G/T) is a broad term for special practices, procedures, and theories used in the education of children who have been identified as gifted or talented.
The follow articles comprise the Glossary of education-related terms.
Grading in education is the process of applying standardized measurements of varying levels of achievement in a course.
A graduate school (sometimes shortened as grad school) is a school that awards advanced academic degrees (i.e. master's and doctoral degrees) with the general requirement that students must have earned a previous undergraduate (bachelor's) degree with a high grade point average.
A grammar school is one of several different types of school in the history of education in the United Kingdom and other English-speaking countries, originally a school teaching Latin, but more recently an academically-oriented secondary school, differentiated in recent years from less academic Secondary Modern Schools.
A gymnasium is a type of school with a strong emphasis on academic learning, and providing advanced secondary education in some parts of Europe comparable to British grammar schools, sixth form colleges and US preparatory high schools.
The head teacher,See American and British English spelling differences headmaster, headmistress, head, chancellor, principal or school director (sometimes another title is used) is the teacher with the greatest responsibility for the management of a school, college, or, in the case of the United States and India, an independent school.
Health education is a profession of educating people about health.
A hedge school (Irish names include scoil chois claí, scoil ghairid and scoil scairte) were small informal illegal schools, particularly in 18th- and 19th-century Ireland designed to secretly provide the rudiment of elementary education to Catholic children.
High school is a term primarily used in the United States to describe the level of education students receive from approximately 14 to 18 years old, although there is some variation.
Higher education (also called post-secondary education, third-level or tertiary education) is an optional final stage of formal learning that occurs after completion of secondary education.
A historic house museum is a house that has been transformed into a museum.
The systematic provision of learning techniques to most children, such as literacy, has been a development of the last 150 or 200 years, or even last 50 years in some countries.
The history of education in China began with the birth of the Chinese civilization.
The history of education in Japan dates back at least to the sixth century, when Chinese learning was introduced at the Yamato court.
The history of education began with teaching of traditional elements such as Indian religions, Indian mathematics, Indian logic at early Hindu and Buddhist centres of learning such as ancient Taxila (in modern-day Pakistan) and Nalanda (in India) before the common era.
The history of education in the United States, or Foundations of Education covers the trends in educational philosophy, policy, institutions, as well as formal and informal learning in America from the 17th century to the early 21st century.
Homeschooling, also known as home education, is the education of children inside the home.
Homework, or a homework assignment, is a set of tasks assigned to students by their teachers to be completed outside the class.
An honorary degree, in Latin a degree honoris causa ("for the sake of the honor") or ad honorem ("to the honor"), is an academic degree for which a university (or other degree-awarding institution) has waived the usual requirements, such as matriculation, residence, a dissertation and the passing of comprehensive examinations.
Humanistic education (also called person-centered education) is an approach to education based on the work of humanistic psychologists, most notably Abraham Maslow and Carl Rogers.
Inclusion, in education refers to the a model wherein special needs students spend most or all of their time with non-special (general education) needs students.
An independent school is independent in its finances and governance; it is usually not dependent upon national or local government to finance its operations, nor reliant on taxpayer contributions, and is instead funded by a combination of tuition charges, donations, and in some cases the investment yield of an endowment.
In the United Kingdom, independent schools (also private schools) are fee-paying private schools, governed by an elected board of governors and independent of many of the regulations and conditions that apply to state-funded schools.
This is an index of education articles.
Indigenous peoples, also known as first peoples, aboriginal peoples or native peoples, are ethnic groups who are the pre-colonial original inhabitants of a given region, in contrast to groups that have settled, occupied or colonized the area more recently.
An Infant school is a term used primarily in England and Wales.
Inquiry-based learning (also enquiry-based learning in British English) is a form of active learning that starts by posing questions, problems or scenarios—rather than simply presenting established facts or portraying a smooth path to knowledge.
An institute of technology (also: university of technology, polytechnic university, technikon, and technical university) is a type of university which specializes in engineering, technology, applied science, and sometimes natural sciences.
An international school is a school that promotes international education, in an international environment, either by adopting a curriculum such as that of the International Baccalaureate, Edexcel or Cambridge International Examinations, or by following a national curriculum different from that of the school's country of residence.
International Studies (IS) generally refers to the specific university degrees and courses which are concerned with the study of ‘the major political, economic, social, and cultural issues that dominate the international agenda’.
Isabel Campoy (born June 25, 1946 in Alicante, Spain) is an author of children's books, poetry, and pedagogical resources.
John Taylor Gatto (born December 15, 1935) is an American author and former school teacher who taught in the classroom for nearly 30 years.
A journalism school is a school or department, usually part of an established university, where journalists are trained.
A junior college is a post-secondary educational institution designed to prepare students for either skilled trades or for additional education at another college with more advanced academic material.
A Junior school is a type of school which provides primary education to children, often in the age range from 8 and 13, following attendance at Infant school which covers the age range 5–7.
Katakombenschulen (catacomb schools) were established in Italian South Tyrol during the 1920s period of Fascist Italianization; teaching of and in the German language was banned (Lex Gentile, October 1923) by the authorities of Italy which had occupied the area in 1918.
K–12 (spoken as "k twelve", "k through twelve", or "k to twelve"), for kindergarten to 12th grade, indicates the sum of primary and secondary education in several nations, including India, the United States, Canada, Ecuador, South Korea, Turkey, Philippines, Egypt, Australia, Afghanistan, and Iran for publicly supported school grades prior to college.
Kindergarten (from German, literally meaning 'garden for the children') is a preschool educational approach based on playing, singing, practical activities such as drawing, and social interaction as part of the transition from home to school.
Kinesthetic learning (American English), kinaesthetic learning (British English), or tactile learning is a learning style in which learning takes place by the students carrying out physical activities, rather than listening to a lecture or watching demonstrations.
Knowledge is a familiarity, awareness, or understanding of someone or something, such as facts, information, descriptions, or skills, which is acquired through experience or education by perceiving, discovering, or learning.
In Greek history, a krifó scholió (Greek "κρυφό σκολειό" or "κρυφό σχολείο", lit. 'secret school') was a supposed underground school for teaching the Greek language and Christian doctrine, provided by the Greek Orthodox Church under Ottoman rule in Greece between the 15th and 19th centuries.
A Lambeth degree is an academic degree conferred by the Archbishop of Canterbury under the authority of the Ecclesiastical Licences Act 1533 (25 Hen VIII c 21) (Eng) as successor of the papal legate in England.
Language education refers to the process and practice of acquiring a second or foreign language.
Learning is the process of acquiring new or modifying existing knowledge, behaviors, skills, values, or preferences.
In the field of pedagogy, learning by teaching (German: Lernen durch Lehren, short LdL) is a method of teaching in which students are made to learn material and prepare lessons to teach it to the other students.
A learning community is a group of people who share common academic goals and attitudes, who meet semi-regularly to collaborate on classwork.
Legal education is the education of individuals in the principles, practices, and theory of law.
A library is a collection of sources of information and similar resources, made accessible to a defined community for reference or borrowing.
Life skills are abilities for adaptive and positive behaviour that enable humans to deal effectively with the demands and challenges of life.
Lifelong learning is the "ongoing, voluntary, and self-motivated"Department of Education and Science (2000).
This is a list of aerospace museums and museums that contain significant aerospace-related exhibits throughout the world.
An Automobile museum is a museum that explores the history of automotive related transportation.
A chocolate museum is any museum covering the subject of chocolate.
This list shows the government education expenditure of various countries in % of GDP (1980-2009).
An education ministry is a national or subnational government agency politically responsible for education.
Museums have been created from many former jails and prisons.
This is an alphabetical list of notable libraries around the world.
This is a list of maritime colleges, grouped by country.
This is a list of museums with major collections of Islamic art.
A national library is specifically established by the government of a nation to serve as the pre-eminent repository of information for that country.
A national museum is a museum maintained by a state.
This is a list of natural history museums, also known as museums of natural history, i.e. museums whose exhibits focus on the subject of natural history, including such topics as animals, plants, ecosystems, geology, paleontology, and climatology.
Many history and cultural museums have large numismatic collections (coins, money, and tokens).
Below is the list of science museums all over the world.
This is a list of transport museums throughout the world.
This is a list of video game museums.
The following are lists of schools.
This is a lists of universities and colleges.
The lyceum is a category of educational institution defined within the education system of many countries, mainly in Europe.
The Lyceum (Ancient Greek: Λύκειον, Lykeion) or Lycaeum was a temple dedicated to Apollo Lyceus ("Apollo the wolf-god").
Madrasa (مدرسة,, pl. مدارس) is the Arabic word for any type of educational institution, whether secular or religious (of any religion), and whether a school, college, or university.
In the U.S. education system, magnet schools are public schools with specialized courses or curricula.
A maritime museum (sometimes nautical museum) is a museum specializing in the display of objects relating to ships and travel on large bodies of water.
The Master of Education (M.Ed. or Ed.M.; Latin Magister Educationis or Educationis Magister) is a master's degree awarded by universities in many countries.
A master's degree (from Latin magister) is an academic degree awarded by universities or colleges upon completion of a course of study demonstrating mastery or a high-order overview of a specific field of study or area of professional practice.
In contemporary education, mathematics education is the practice of teaching and learning mathematics, along with the associated scholarly research.
Medical education is education related to the practice of being a medical practitioner; either the initial training to become a physician (i.e., medical school and internship), or additional training thereafter (e.g., residency, fellowship and continuing medical education).
Medical museums are institutions that store and exhibit objects of historical, scientific, artistic, or cultural interest that have a link to medicine or health.
A medieval university is a corporation organized during the Middle Ages for the purposes of higher learning.
In higher education a microdegree also micro degree and micromasters is a credential focused upon a specified professional or career discipline and typically comprises one or more sources of accelerated educational experiences.
A middle school (also known as intermediate school or junior high school) is an educational stage which exists in some countries, providing education between primary school and secondary school.
Military education and training is a process which intends to establish and improve the capabilities of military personnel in their respective roles.
The mind is a set of cognitive faculties including consciousness, perception, thinking, judgement, language and memory.
A mobile museum is a museum educational outreach program that bring the museum to the people rather than vice versa.
Monastic schools (Scholae monasticae) were, along with cathedral schools, the most important institutions of higher learning in the Latin West from the early Middle Ages until the 12th century.
The Montessori Method of education, developed by Maria Montessori, is a child-centered educational approach based on scientific observations of children from birth to adulthood.
Moral character or character is an evaluation of an individual's stable moral qualities.
A museum (plural musea or museums) is an institution that cares for (conserves) a collection of artifacts and other objects of artistic, cultural, historical, or scientific importance.
Museum education is a specialized field devoted to developing and strengthening the education role of non-formal education spaces and institutions such as museums.
Music education is a field of study associated with the teaching and learning of music.
A national library is a library specifically established by the government of a country to serve as the preeminent repository of information for that country.
In New Zealand, native schools were established to provide education for Māori.
A natural history museum or museum of natural history is a scientific institution with natural history collections that include current and historical records of animals, plants, fungi, ecosystems, geology, paleontology, climatology, and more.
One-room schools were commonplace throughout rural portions of various countries, including Prussia, Norway, Sweden, the United States, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, the United Kingdom, Ireland, and Spain.
An online learning community is a public or private destination on the Internet that addresses the learning needs of its members by facilitating peer-to-peer learning.
An open classroom is a student-centered learning space design format which first became popular in North America in the late 1960s and 1970s, with a re-emergence in the early 21st century.
Open learning is an innovative movement in education that emerged in the 1970s and evolved into fields of practice and study.
An open-air museum (or open air museum) is a museum that exhibits collections of buildings and artifacts out-of-doors.
An outline, also called a hierarchical outline, is a list arranged to show hierarchical relationships and is a type of tree structure.
A parent is a caregiver of the offspring in their own species.
A parent-teacher association/organization (PTA/PTO) or parent-teacher-student association (PTSA) is a formal organization composed of parents, teachers and staff that is intended to facilitate parental participation in a school.
Parenting or child rearing is the process of promoting and supporting the physical, emotional, social, and intellectual development of a child from infancy to adulthood.
A parochial school is a private primary or secondary school affiliated with a religious organization, and whose curriculum includes general religious education in addition to secular subjects, such as science, mathematics and language arts.
Peace education is the process of acquiring the values, the knowledge and developing the attitudes, skills, and behaviors to live in harmony with oneself, with others, and with the natural environment.
Education in the performing arts is a key part of many primary and secondary education curricula and is also available as a specialisation at the tertiary level (needs citation).
Personalized learning, individualized instruction, personal learning environment and direct instruction all refer to efforts to tailor education to meet the different needs of students.
Philosophy education is the practice of teaching and learning philosophy along with the associated scholarly research.
Philosophy of education can refer either to the application of philosophy to the problem of education, examining definitions, goals and chains of meaning used in education by teachers, administrators or policymakers.
Philosophy, Politics and Economics (PPE) is an interdisciplinary undergraduate/post-graduate degree which combines study from three disciplines.
Physical education, also known as Phys Ed., PE, gym, or gym class, and known in many Commonwealth countries as physical training or PT, is an educational course related of maintaining the human body through physical exercises (i.e. calisthenics).
Physics education or physics education research (PER) refers both to the methods currently used to teach physics and to an area of pedagogical research that seeks to improve those methods.
The Academy (Ancient Greek: Ἀκαδημία) was founded by Plato (428/427 BC – 348/347 BC) in ca.
Popular education is a concept grounded in notions of class, political struggle, and social transformation.
A postal museum is a museum dedicated to the display of objects relating to the postal service.
Pre-kindergarten (also called Pre-K or PK) is a classroom-based preschool program for children below the age of five in the United States, Canada and Turkey (when kindergarten starts).
A preparatory school (or, shortened: prep school) in the United Kingdom is a selective, fee-charging independent primary school that caters primarily for children up to approximately the age of 13.
A preschool, also known as nursery school, pre-primary school, playschool or kindergarten, is an educational establishment or learning space offering early childhood education to children before they begin compulsory education at primary school.
Primary education and elementary education is typically the first stage of formal education, coming after preschool and before secondary education (The first two grades of primary school, Grades 1 and 2, are also part of early childhood education).
A primary school (or elementary school in American English and often in Canadian English) is a school in which children receive primary or elementary education from the age of about seven to twelve, coming after preschool, infant school and before secondary school.
Private schools, also known to many as independent schools, non-governmental, privately funded, or non-state schools, are not administered by local, state or national governments.
Problem-based learning (PBL) is a student-centered pedagogy in which students learn about a subject through the experience of solving an open-ended problem found in trigger material.
Problem-posing education is a term coined by Brazilian educator Paulo Freire in his 1970 book Pedagogy of the Oppressed.
A professional school is a graduate school level institution that prepares students for careers in specific fields.
Professor (commonly abbreviated as Prof.) is an academic rank at universities and other post-secondary education and research institutions in most countries.
Progressive education is a pedagogical movement that began in the late nineteenth century; it has persisted in various forms to the present.
Project-based learning (PBL) is a student-centered pedagogy that involves a dynamic classroom approach in which it is believed that students acquire a deeper knowledge through active exploration of real-world challenges and problems.
A public library is a library that is accessible by the general public and is generally funded from public sources, such as taxes.
A public school in England and Wales is a long-established, student-selective, fee-charging independent secondary school that caters primarily for children aged between 11 or 13 and 18, and whose head teacher is a member of the Headmasters' and Headmistresses' Conference (HMC).
A ranch school is a type of school used in rural areas of the Western United States.
A rector ("ruler", from meaning "ruler") is a senior official in an educational institution, and can refer to an official in either a university or a secondary school.
Relationship education promotes practices and principles of premarital education, relationship resources, relationship restoration, relationship maintenance, and evidence-based marriage education.
In secular usage, religious education is the teaching of a particular religion (although in England the term religious instruction would refer to the teaching of a particular religion, with religious education referring to teaching about religions in general) and its varied aspects: its beliefs, doctrines, rituals, customs, rites, and personal roles.
Remedial education (also known as developmental education, basic skills education, compensatory education, preparatory education, and academic upgrading) is assigned to assist students in order to achieve expected competencies in core academic skills such as literacy and numeracy.
A research library is a library which contains an in-depth collection of material on one or several subjects (Young, 1983; p.188).
A school is an institution designed to provide learning spaces and learning environments for the teaching of students (or "pupils") under the direction of teachers.
A school leaving qualification is an academic qualification awarded for the completion of high school.
Science education is the field concerned with sharing science content and process with individuals not traditionally considered part of the scientific community.
A science museum is a museum devoted primarily to science.
Secondary education covers two phases on the International Standard Classification of Education scale.
A secondary school is both an organization that provides secondary education and the building where this takes place.
A selective school is a school that admits students on the basis of some sort of selection criteria, usually academic.
Seminary, school of theology, theological seminary, Early-Morning Seminary, and divinity school are educational institutions for educating students (sometimes called seminarians) in scripture, theology, generally to prepare them for ordination as clergy, academia, or ministry.
In Canada, a separate school is a type of school that has constitutional status in three provinces (Ontario, Alberta and Saskatchewan) and statutory status in three territories (Northwest Territories, Yukon and Nunavut).
Service-learning is an educational approach that combines learning objectives with community service in order to provide a pragmatic, progressive learning experience while meeting societal needs.
Sex education is the instruction of issues relating to human sexuality, including emotional relations and responsibilities, human sexual anatomy, sexual activity, sexual reproduction, age of consent, reproductive health, reproductive rights, safe sex, birth control and sexual abstinence.
Single-sex education, also known as single-gender education, is the practice of conducting education where male and female students attend separate classes or in separate buildings or schools.
A sixth form college is an educational institution in England, Wales, Northern Ireland, Belize, the Caribbean, Malta, Norway, Brunei, and Malaysia, among others, where students aged 16 to 19 typically study for advanced school-level qualifications, such as A-levels, Business and Technology Education Council (BTEC) and the International Baccalaureate Diploma, or school-level qualifications such as General Certificate of Secondary Education (GCSE) examinations.
A skill is the ability to carry out a task with determined results often within a given amount of time, energy, or both.
Slow education is based upon Socratic, adaptive and non-standards based approaches to teaching.
In sociology, socialization is the process of internalizing the norms and ideologies of society.
Special education (also known as special needs education, aided education, exceptional education or Special Ed) is the practice of educating students with an IEP or Section 504 in a way that addresses their individual differences and needs.
A special library is a library that provides specialized information resources on a particular subject, serves a specialized and limited clientele, and delivers specialized services to that clientele.
The specialist degree is an academic degree conferred by a college or university.
State schools (also known as public schools outside England and Wales)In England and Wales, some independent schools for 13- to 18-year-olds are known as 'public schools'.
In New Zealand, a state-integrated school is a former private school which has integrated into the state education system under the Private Schools Conditional Integration Act 1975, becoming a state school while retaining its special character.
A student is a learner or someone who attends an educational institution.
Student-centered learning, also known as learner-centered education, broadly encompasses methods of teaching that shift the focus of instruction from the teacher to the student.
A students' union, student government, free student union, student senate, students' association, guild of students, or government of student body is a student organization present in many colleges, universities, and high schools.
A studio school is a type of secondary school in England that is designed to give students practical skills in workplace environments as well as traditional academic and vocational courses of study.
Study skills, academic skill, or study strategies are approaches applied to learning.
A teacher (also called a school teacher or, in some contexts, an educator) is a person who helps others to acquire knowledge, competences or values.
Teacher education or teacher training refers to the policies, procedures, and provision designed to equip (prospective) teachers with the knowledge, attitudes, behaviors, and skills they require to perform their tasks effectively in the classroom, school, and wider community.
A teaching assistant or teacher's aide (TA) or education assistant (EA) is an individual who assists a teacher with instructional responsibilities.
Tertiary education, also referred to as third stage, third level, and postsecondary education, is the educational level following the completion of a school providing a secondary education.
A textbook or coursebook (UK English) is a manual of instruction in any branch of study.
A tutor is a person who provides assistance or tutelage to one or more people on certain subject areas or skills.
A university (universitas, "a whole") is an institution of higher (or tertiary) education and research which awards academic degrees in various academic disciplines.
A university technical college (UTC) is a type of secondary school in England that is led by a sponsor university.
An upper division college is a type of educational institution that traces its roots to educational ideas put forward in the late 19th and early 20th century.
Upper schools tend to be schools within secondary education.
In ethics, value denotes the degree of importance of some thing or action, with the aim of determining what actions are best to do or what way is best to live (normative ethics), or to describe the significance of different actions.
A museum is defined by the International Council of Museums (ICOM) as a ‘non-profit, permanent institution in the service of society and its development, open to the public, which acquires, conserves, researches, communicates and exhibits the tangible and intangible heritage of humanity and its environment for the purposes of education, study and enjoyment’.
An online school (virtual school or e-school or cyber-school) teaches students entirely or primarily online or through the internet.
Visual arts education is the area of learning that is based upon only the kind of art that one can see, visual arts—drawing, painting, sculpture, and design in jewelry, pottery, weaving, fabrics, etc.
A vocal school, blab school or ABC school or Old-time School was a type of children's primary school at some remote rural places in North America, outdated and obsolete as the 19th century progressed.
Vocational education is education that prepares people to work in various jobs, such as a trade, a craft, or as a technician.
A vocational school, sometimes also called a trade school, career center, or vocational college, is a type of educational institution, which, depending on country, may refer to secondary or post-secondary education designed to provide vocational education, or technical skills required to perform the tasks of a particular and specific job.
A vocational university, sometimes called professional university, applied technological university, college of higher vocational studies or university of applied sciences, is an institution of higher education and sometimes research, which provides both tertiary and sometimes quaternary education and grants academic degrees at all levels (bachelor, master, and sometimes doctorate) in a variety of subjects.
Waldorf education, also known as Steiner education, is based on the educational philosophy of Rudolf Steiner, the founder of Anthroposophy.
Yeshiva (ישיבה, lit. "sitting"; pl., yeshivot or yeshivos) is a Jewish institution that focuses on the study of traditional religious texts, primarily the Talmud and the Torah.
A zoo (short for zoological garden or zoological park and also called an animal park or menagerie) is a facility in which all animals are housed within enclosures, displayed to the public, and in which they may also breed.