239 relations: Abdominal exercise, Abdominizer, Accuracy and precision, Achilles tendon rupture, Aerobic conditioning, Aerobic exercise, Aerobics, Aerobie, Agility, Air flow ball, Altitude training, Amino acid, Anaerobic exercise, Arnold Schwarzenegger, Balance board, Baoding balls, Barbell, Bench (weight training), Bench press, Bent-over row, Biceps, Biceps curl, Bicycle, Blood pressure, Body fat percentage, Bodybuilding, Bone exercise monitor, BOSU, Bowflex, Boxing training, Bulgarian Bag, Bullworker, Cable machine, Calf raises, Calisthenics, Cancer, Captains of Crush Grippers, Cardiovascular disease, Carva, Chin-up, Circuit training, Circulatory system, Communications Specification for Fitness Equipment, Complex training, Cramp, Creatine, Cross-training, Crunch (exercise), Cybex International, Cycling, ..., Deadlift, Dehydration, Deltoid muscle, Diabetes mellitus type 2, Dietary supplement, Dip (exercise), Dip bar, Diseases of affluence, Dumbbell, Eccentric training, Elliptical trainer, Endurance, Endurance training, Energy drink, Erector spinae muscles, Erwan Le Corre, Executive functions, Exercise, Exercise ball, Exercise machine, Exercise physiology, Exercise trends, Exercise-induced nausea, Exertris, Extended length conditioning, Fitness trail, Flexibility (anatomy), Fly (exercise), Forearm, Front raise, Functional training, Gamebike, Gastrocnemius muscle, Georges Hébert, Good-morning, Grip strength, Grippers, Gymnasticon, Halteres (ancient Greece), Hamstring, Handstand push-up, Headstand, Health, Heart rate, Heart rate monitor, Heat stroke, High-intensity training, Hiking, Human power, Hydraulic exercise equipment, Hyperextension (exercise), Icon Health & Fitness, Immune system, Indian club, Indoor rower, Interval training, Inversion therapy, Iron rings, IronMind, Ivanko Barbell Company, Jack LaLanne, John Basedow, Joint, Joseph Pilates, Jumping jack, Kegel exercise, Kettlebell, Lance Armstrong, Latissimus dorsi muscle, Leg curl, Leg extension, Leg press, Leg raise, List of weight training exercises, Long slow distance, Lunge (exercise), Lying triceps extensions, Machine fly, Mallakhamba, Medicine ball, Memory, Motor coordination, Muscle, Muscle hypertrophy, Muscle tissue, Myocyte, Neurobiological effects of physical exercise, NordicTrack, Obesity, Osteoporosis, Outline (list), Outline of exercise, Outline of health, Outline of nutrition, Outline of sports, Overhead press, Overtraining, PCGamerBike, Pectoralis major, Pedometer, Pelvis, Personal trainer, Physical fitness, Physical strength, Physical therapy, Pilates, Plank (exercise), Plyometrics, Pole dance, Power rack, Power tower (exercise), Power walking, Preflexes, Protein, Pull-up (exercise), Pulldown exercise, Pulse, Punching bag, Push-up, Pushdown (exercise), Quadriceps femoris muscle, Range of Motion (exercise machine), Rear delt raise, Remote patient monitoring, Resistance band, Respiration rate, Riboflavin, Robyn Landis, Roger Bannister, Roman chair, Row (weight-lifting), RowPerfect, Running, Russian twist, Scrum machine, Sense of balance, Shake Weight, Shoulder shrug, Sit-up, Skipping rope, Slant board, Smith machine, Snack bar, Soloflex, Speed, Sport, Sports injury, Sportswear (activewear), Sprain, Sprint (running), Squat (exercise), StairMaster, Stationary bicycle, Strain (injury), Strength training, Stress management, Stretching, Supercompensation, Supine row, Susan Powter, Swimming, Tendon, Thighmaster, Total Gym, Training to failure, Trap bar, Trapezius, Treadmill, Treadmill desk, Treadmill with Vibration Isolation Stabilization, Triceps, Universal Gym Equipment, Upright row, Vitamin B12, Vitamin B6, Walking, Warming up, Weight cutting, Weight loss, Weight machine, Weight training, Weighted clothing, Wheelchair trainer, Whey protein, Whole body vibration, Wrist curl, Wrist roller, Yoga, York Barbell. Expand index (189 more) » « Shrink index
Abdominal exercises are those that affect the abdominal muscles (colloquially known as the stomach muscles or "abs").
The Abdominizer (often spelled Abdomenizer) was an abdominal exerciser invented in 1984 by Canadian chiropractor Dennis Colonello and marketed through infomercials, The Guardian, 2005 by the Fitness Quest corporation of Canton, Ohio, selling around six million.
Precision is a description of random errors, a measure of statistical variability.
Achilles tendon rupture is when the Achilles tendon, at the back of the ankle, breaks.
Aerobic conditioning is a process whereby the heart and lungs are trained to pump blood more efficiently, allowing more oxygen to be delivered to muscles and organs.
Aerobic exercise (also known as cardio) is physical exercise of low to high intensity that depends primarily on the aerobic energy-generating process.
Aerobics is a form of physical exercise that combines rhythmic aerobic exercise with stretching and strength training routines with the goal of improving all elements of fitness (flexibility, muscular strength, and cardio-vascular fitness).
An Aerobie is a flying ring used in a manner similar to a chakram or flying disc (Frisbee), for recreational catches between two or more individuals.
Agility or nimbleness is the ability to change the body's position efficiently, and requires the integration of isolated movement skills using a combination of balance, coordination, speed, reflexes, strength, and endurance.
Air flow balls are small, plastic balls, often used in physical training because of their many gaping holes, which help reduce backspin and increase friction, thus hampering the ability to travel long distances.
Altitude training is the practice by some endurance athletes of training for several weeks at high altitude, preferably over above sea level, though more commonly at intermediate altitudes due to the shortage of suitable high-altitude locations.
Amino acids are organic compounds containing amine (-NH2) and carboxyl (-COOH) functional groups, along with a side chain (R group) specific to each amino acid.
Anaerobic exercise is a physical exercise intense enough to cause lactate to form.
Arnold Alois Schwarzenegger (born July 30, 1947) is an Austrian-American actor, filmmaker, businessman, investor, author, philanthropist, activist, politician, and former professional bodybuilder and powerlifter.
A balance board is a device used as a circus skill, for recreation, balance training, athletic training, brain development, therapy, musical training and other kinds of personal development.
Baoding balls are metal balls small enough to hold in one hand.
A barbell is a piece of exercise equipment used in weight training, bodybuilding, weightlifting and powerlifting, consisting of a long bar, usually with weights attached at each end.
A weight training bench is a piece of equipment that has a resemblance to a normal (e.g. park) bench, but is designed for use in weight training.
The bench press is an upper body strength training exercise that consists of pressing a weight upwards from a supine position.
A bent-over row (or barbell row) is a weight training exercise that targets a variety of back muscles.
The biceps, also biceps brachii is a two-headed muscle that lies on the upper arm between the shoulder and the elbow.
The term "biceps curl" may refer to any of a number of weight training exercises that target the biceps brachii muscle.
A bicycle, also called a cycle or bike, is a human-powered, pedal-driven, single-track vehicle, having two wheels attached to a frame, one behind the other.
Blood pressure (BP) is the pressure of circulating blood on the walls of blood vessels.
The body fat percentage (BFP) of a human or other living being is the total mass of fat divided by total body mass, times 100; body fat includes essential body fat and storage body fat.
Bodybuilding is the use of progressive resistance exercise to control and develop one's musculature.
A bone exercise monitor is an instrument which is used to measure and analyze the bone strengthening qualities of physical activity and to help in prevention of osteoporosis with physical activity and exercise.
A BOSU Balance Trainer (or BOSU ball) is a fitness training device, invented in 1999 by David Weck, consisting of an inflated rubber hemisphere attached to a rigid platform.
Bowflex is the brand name for a series of fitness training equipment, marketed and sold by Nautilus, Inc. Based in Vancouver, Washington, it sells its products through direct, retail and international channels.
Boxing training is the training method that boxers use in order to get more fit for their sport.
The Bulgarian Bag (Българска торба / Български чувал), also known as the Bulgarian Training Bag (Българска тренировъчна торба), is a crescent-shaped exercise equipment used in strength training, plyometric weight training, cardiovascular training, and general physical fitness.
Early History & Findings Bullworker, a fitness company and product, specializes in isometric exercise, the fastest known technique for strength training, originally marketed and sold in the early 1960's.
A cable machine is an item of equipment used in weight training or functional training.
Calf raises are a method of exercising the gastrocnemius, tibialis posterior and soleus muscles of the lower leg.
Calisthenics (American English) or callisthenics (Commonwealth English) are exercises consisting of a variety of gross motor movements—running, standing, grasping, pushing, etc.
Cancer is a group of diseases involving abnormal cell growth with the potential to invade or spread to other parts of the body.
Captains of Crush Grippers (commonly nicknamed "CoC") are a brand of torsion-spring grippers (a torsion spring fitted with two handles) designed, manufactured and sold by IronMind Enterprises, Inc., based in Nevada City, California.
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a class of diseases that involve the heart or blood vessels.
Carva is a Lean Steer elliptical cross-trainer, human-powered, tricycle.
The chin-up (also known as a chin or chinup) is a strength training exercise.
Circuit training is a form of body conditioning or endurance training or resistance training using high-intensity.
The circulatory system, also called the cardiovascular system or the vascular system, is an organ system that permits blood to circulate and transport nutrients (such as amino acids and electrolytes), oxygen, carbon dioxide, hormones, and blood cells to and from the cells in the body to provide nourishment and help in fighting diseases, stabilize temperature and pH, and maintain homeostasis.
CSAFE (Communications Specification for Fitness Equipment) is a fitness industry-wide communications specification developed in 1997 for exercise equipment.
Complex training, also known as contrast training or post-activation potentiation training, involves the integration of strength training and plyometrics in a training system designed to improve explosive power.
A cramp is a sudden, involuntary muscle contraction or over-shortening; while generally temporary and non-damaging, they can cause significant pain, and a paralysis-like immobility of the affected muscle.
Creatine is a nitrogenous organic acid that occurs naturally in vertebrates.
Cross-training is athletic training in sports other than the athlete's usual sport.
The crunch is one of the most popular abdominal exercises.
Cybex International (NASDAQ) is a fitness equipment manufacturer for commercial and consumer use.
Cycling, also called bicycling or biking, is the use of bicycles for transport, recreation, exercise or sport.
The deadlift is a weight training exercise in which a loaded barbell or bar is lifted off the ground to the level of the hips, then lowered to the ground.
In physiology, dehydration is a deficit of total body water, with an accompanying disruption of metabolic processes.
The deltoid muscle is the muscle forming the rounded contour of the human shoulder.
Diabetes mellitus type 2 (also known as type 2 diabetes) is a long-term metabolic disorder that is characterized by high blood sugar, insulin resistance, and relative lack of insulin.
A dietary supplement is a manufactured product intended to supplement the diet when taken by mouth as a pill, capsule, tablet, or liquid.
The dip or push-ups is an exercise used in strength training.
A dip bar is a piece of fitness equipment that consists of a U-shaped bar, usually about 1" (2.5 cm) in diameter, which surrounds the user's body at the waist.
Diseases of affluence is a term sometimes given to selected diseases and other health conditions which are commonly thought to be a result of increasing wealth in a society.
The dumbbell, a type of free weight, is a piece of equipment used in weight training.
An eccentric contraction is the motion of an active muscle while it is lengthening under load.
An elliptical trainer or cross-trainer (also called an X-trainer) is a stationary exercise machine used to simulate stair climbing, walking, or running without causing excessive pressure to the joints, hence decreasing the risk of impact injuries.
Endurance (also related to sufferance, resilience, constitution, fortitude, and hardiness) is the ability of an organism to exert itself and remain active for a long period of time, as well as its ability to resist, withstand, recover from, and have immunity to trauma, wounds, or fatigue.
Endurance training is the act of exercising to increase endurance.
An energy drink is a type of beverage containing stimulant drugs, usually including caffeine, which is marketed as providing mental and physical stimulation (marketed as "energy", but distinct from food energy).
The erector spinae or spinal erectors is a set of muscles that straighten and rotate the back.
Erwan Le Corre, a French American born on September 10, 1971, is the founder and innovator of a physical education system and lifestyle known as MovNat, which derives from the French words "mouvement naturel" ("natural movement").
Executive functions (collectively referred to as executive function and cognitive control) are a set of cognitive processes that are necessary for the cognitive control of behavior: selecting and successfully monitoring behaviors that facilitate the attainment of chosen goals.
Exercise is any bodily activity that enhances or maintains physical fitness and overall health and wellness.
An exercise ball, also known as a Swiss Ball, is a ball constructed of soft elastic with a diameter of approximately 35 to 85 centimeters (14 to 34 inches) and filled with air.
An exercise machine is any machine used for physical exercise.
Exercise physiology is the physiology of physical exercise.
Worldwide there has been a large shift towards less physically demanding work.
Exercise-induced nausea is a feeling of sickness or vomiting which can occur shortly after exercise has stopped as well as during exercise itself.
Exertris was an exergaming company founded in 2000 by Gareth Davies.
Extended length conditioning (ELC) also known as "end range conditioning" is a type of physical exercise that strengthens the body muscles through a wide range of flexible motions.
A fitness trail, outdoor exercise equipment, or parcourse, consists of a path or course equipped with obstacles or stations distributed along its length for exercising the human body to promote good health.
Flexibility or limberness refers to the range of movement in a joint or series of joints, and length in muscles that cross the joints to induce a bending movement or motion.
A Cable fly or Cable flye is a strength training exercise in which the hand and arm move through an arc while the elbow is kept at a constant angle.
The forearm is the region of the upper limb between the elbow and the wrist.
The front raise is a weight training exercise.
Functional training is a classification of exercise which involves training the body for the activities performed in daily life.
Game Bike is an interactive fitness bike that requires the user to exercise in order to play their video games.
The gastrocnemius muscle (plural gastrocnemii) is a superficial two-headed muscle that is in the back part of the lower leg of humans.
Georges Hébert (27 April 1875 – 2 August 1957) was a pioneering physical educator in the French military who developed a system of physical education and training known as "la méthode naturelle" ("Natural Method"), which combined the training of a wide variety of physical capacities with the training of courage and morality.
The good-morning is a weight-lifting exercise.
Grip strength is the force applied by the hand to pull on or suspend from objects and is a specific part of hand strength.
Grippers, sometimes called hand grippers, are primarily used for testing and increasing the strength of the hands; this specific form of grip strength has been called crushing grip, which has been defined as meaning the prime movers are the four fingers, rather than the thumb.
The Gymnasticon was an early exercise machine resembling a stationary bicycle, invented in 1796 by Francis Lowndes.
Halteres (ἁλτῆρες, from "ἅλλομαι" - hallomai, "leap, spring"; cf. "ἅλμα" - halma, "leaping") were a type of dumbbells used in Ancient Greece.
In human anatomy, a hamstring is one of the three posterior thigh muscles in between the hip and the knee (from medial to lateral: semimembranosus, semitendinosus and biceps femoris).
The handstand push-up (press-up) - also called the vertical push-up (press-up) or the inverted push-up (press-up) - is a type of push-up exercise where the body is positioned in a handstand.
The headstand, or sometimes head stand, is a pose that is an inversion posture of standing head down.
Health is the ability of a biological system to acquire, convert, allocate, distribute, and utilize energy with maximum efficiency.
Heart rate is the speed of the heartbeat measured by the number of contractions of the heart per minute (bpm).
A heart rate monitor is a personal monitoring device that allows one to measure one's heart rate in real time or record the heart rate for later study.
Heat stroke, also known as sun stroke, is a type of severe heat illness that results in a body temperature greater than and confusion.
High-intensity training (HIT) is a form of strength training popularized in the 1970s by Arthur Jones, the founder of Nautilus.
Hiking is the preferred term, in Canada and the United States, for a long, vigorous walk, usually on trails (footpaths), in the countryside, while the word walking is used for shorter, particularly urban walks.
Human power is work or energy that is produced from the human body.
Hydraulic exercise equipment is a form of exercise machine used in a number of strength training programs.
A hyperextension or back extension is an exercise that works the lower back as well as the mid and upper back, specifically the erector spinae.
Icon Health & Fitness, Inc. (stylized as ICON Health & Fitness) is an exercise equipment manufacturer and marketer based in Logan, Utah, United States.
The immune system is a host defense system comprising many biological structures and processes within an organism that protects against disease.
Indian clubs or Persian meels (also mils), were a 19th century type of exercise equipment used to present resistance in movement, for developing strength and mobility.
An indoor rower, or rowing machine, is a machine used to simulate the action of watercraft rowing for the purpose of exercise or training for rowing.
Interval training is a type of training that involves a series of low- to high-intensity workouts interspersed with rest or relief periods.
Inversion therapy involves being upside down or at an inverted angle while hanging by the legs, ankles, or feet with the intention of therapeutic benefits.
Iron rings are heavy metal rings used in martial arts for various training purposes.
IronMind Enterprises, Inc. is an American niche market business based in Nevada City, California, that specializes in “tools of the trade for serious strength athletes.” Though many of its products include strength-training equipment and accessories, IronMind also publishes books, DVDs and the quarterly magazine MILO: A Journal For Serious Strength Athletes.
Ivanko Barbell Company is an American major international manufacturer of fitness products, specializing in resistance equipment (barbells, dumbbells).
Francois Henri Jack LaLanne (pronounced /lə'leɪn/ "luh-layn" French /lalan/ "lah-lahn"; September 26, 1914January 23, 2011) was an American fitness, exercise, and nutrition expert and motivational speaker who is sometimes referred to as the "Godfather of Fitness" and the "First Fitness Superhero".
John Basedow is an American television personality, model, author, and motivational speaker.
A joint or articulation (or articular surface) is the connection made between bones in the body which link the skeletal system into a functional whole.
Joseph Hubertus Pilates (December 9, 1883 – October 9, 1967) was a German physical trainer notable for having invented and promoted the Pilates method of physical fitness.
A jumping jack (Canada & US) or star jump (UK and other Commonwealth nations), also called side-straddle hop in the US military, is a physical jumping exercise performed by jumping to a position with the legs spread wide and the hands touching overhead, sometimes in a clap, and then returning to a position with the feet together and the arms at the sides.
Kegel exercise, also known as pelvic floor exercise, consists of repeatedly contracting and relaxing the muscles that form part of the pelvic floor, now sometimes colloquially referred to as the "Kegel muscles".
The kettlebell is a cast-iron or cast steel weight (resembling a cannonball with a handle) used to perform many types of exercises, including but not limited to ballistic exercises that combine cardiovascular, strength and flexibility training.
Lance Edward Armstrong (born Lance Edward Gunderson on September 18, 1971) is a former American professional road racing cyclist.
The latissimus dorsi is a large, flat muscle on the back that stretches to the sides, behind the arm, and is partly covered by the trapezius on the back near the midline.
The leg curl, also known as the hamstring curl, is an isolation exercise that targets the hamstring muscles.
The leg extension is a resistance weight training exercise that targets the quadriceps muscle in the legs.
The leg press is a weight training exercise in which the individual pushes a weight or resistance away from them using their legs.
The leg raise is a strength training exercise which targets the iliopsoas (the interior hip flexors).
This is a partial list of weight training exercises organized by muscle group.
Long slow distance (LSD) is a form of aerobic endurance training in running and cycling.
A lunge can refer to any position of the human body where one leg is positioned forward with knee bent and foot flat on the ground while the other leg is positioned behind.
Lying triceps extensions, also known as skull crushers and French extensions or French presses, are a strength exercise used in many different forms of strength training.
A machine fly, alternatively called a seated lever fly or "Pec Dec" fly is a strength training exercise based on the free weight chest fly.
Mallakhamb (Kannada: ಮಲ್ಲ ಕಂಬ malla-kamb, Marathi: मल्लखांब malla-khamb, Tamil: மல்லர் கம்பம் mallar-kambam) is a traditional Indian sport in which a gymnast performs aerial yoga postures and wrestling grips in concert with a vertical stationary or hanging wooden pole, cane or hanging rope.
A medicine ball (also known as an exercise ball, a med ball, or a fitness ball) is a weighted ball roughly the diameter of the shoulders (approx. 13.7 inches), often used for rehabilitation and strength training.
Memory is the faculty of the mind by which information is encoded, stored, and retrieved.
Motor coordination is the combination of body movements created with the kinematic (such as spatial direction) and kinetic (force) parameters that result in intended actions.
Muscle is a soft tissue found in most animals.
Muscle hypertrophy involves an increase in size of skeletal muscle through a growth in size of its component cells.
Muscle tissue is a soft tissue that composes muscles in animal bodies, and gives rise to muscles' ability to contract.
A myocyte (also known as a muscle cell) is the type of cell found in muscle tissue.
The are numerous and involve a wide range of interrelated effects on brain structure, brain function, and cognition.
NordicTrack is a manufacturer of exercise equipment, best known for its classic Nordic ski machine, low-impact exercisers, ellipticals, and incline trainers.
Obesity is a medical condition in which excess body fat has accumulated to the extent that it may have a negative effect on health.
Osteoporosis is a disease where increased bone weakness increases the risk of a broken bone.
An outline, also called a hierarchical outline, is a list arranged to show hierarchical relationships and is a type of tree structure.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to exercise: Exercise – any bodily activity that enhances or maintains physical fitness and overall health and wellness.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to health: Health – functional and metabolic efficiency of an organism.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and a topical guide to nutrition.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to sports: Sport – a physical activity that is governed by a set of rules or customs and often engaged in competitively, sports can be played on land, in water and in the air.
The press, overhead press or shoulder press is a weight training exercise, typically performed while standing, in which a weight is pressed straight upwards from racking position until the arms are locked out overhead.
Overtraining occurs when a person exceeds their body's ability to recover from strenuous exercise.
The PCGamerBike is an exercise bike that can interact with computer games.
The pectoralis major is a thick, fan-shaped muscle, situated at the chest (anterior) of the human body.
A pedometer is a device, usually portable and electronic or electromechanical, that counts each step a person takes by detecting the motion of the person's hands or hips.
The pelvis (plural pelves or pelvises) is either the lower part of the trunk of the human body between the abdomen and the thighs (sometimes also called pelvic region of the trunk) or the skeleton embedded in it (sometimes also called bony pelvis, or pelvic skeleton).
A personal trainer is an individual certified to have a varying degree of knowledge of general fitness involved in exercise prescription and instruction.
Physical fitness is a state of health and well-being and, more specifically, the ability to perform aspects of sports, occupations and daily activities.
Physical strength is the measure of an animal's exertion of force on physical objects.
Physical therapy (PT), also known as physiotherapy, is one of the allied health professions that, by using mechanical force and movements (bio-mechanics or kinesiology), manual therapy, exercise therapy, and electrotherapy, remediates impairments and promotes mobility and function.
Pilates is a physical fitness system developed in the early 20th century by Joseph Pilates, after whom it was named.
The plank (also called a front hold, hover, or abdominal bridge) is an isometric core strength exercise that involves maintaining a position similar to a push-up for the maximum possible time.
Plyometrics, also known as jump training or plyos, are exercises in which muscles exert maximum force in short intervals of time, with the goal of increasing power (speed-strength).
Pole dance combines dance and acrobatics centered on a vertical pole.
A power rack (also known as a power cage, squat cage or squat rack) is a piece of weight training equipment that functions as a mechanical spotter for free weight barbell exercises without the movement restrictions imposed by equipment such as the Smith machine.
A power tower, also known as a knee raise station, and sometimes referred to as a captain's chair, is a piece of exercise equipment that allows one to build upper body and abdominal muscle strength.
Power walking or speed walking is the act of walking with a speed at the upper end of the natural range for the walking gait, typically 7 to 9 km/h (4.5 to 5.5 mph).
Preflexes are the latent capacities in the musculoskeletal system that auto-stabilize movements through the use of the nonlinear visco-elastic properties of muscles when they contract.
Proteins are large biomolecules, or macromolecules, consisting of one or more long chains of amino acid residues.
A pull-up is an upper-body compound pulling exercise.
The pulldown exercise is a strength training exercise designed to develop the latissimus dorsi muscle.
In medicine, a pulse represents the tactile arterial palpation of the heartbeat by trained fingertips.
A punching bag (or, British English, punchbag) is a sturdy bag designed to be repeatedly punched.
A push-up (or press-up) is a common calisthenics exercise performed in a prone position by raising and lowering the body using the arms.
A pushdown is a strength training exercise used for strengthening the triceps muscles in the back of the arm.
The quadriceps femoris (also called the quadriceps extensor, quadriceps or quads), is a large muscle group that includes the four prevailing muscles on the front of the thigh.
Range of motion (ROM) is when a person has become injured in some way, most times the doctor's advice the patients to exercise and stretch the back muscles.
The rear delt raise, also known as the rear deltoid raise, or rear shoulder raise is an exercise in weight training.
Remote patient monitoring (RPM) is a technology to enable monitoring of patients outside of conventional clinical settings (e.g. in the home), which may increase access to care and decrease healthcare delivery costs.
A resistance band is an elastic band used for strength training.
The respiration rate is a parameter which is used in ecological and agronomical modeling.
Riboflavin, also known as vitamin B2, is a vitamin found in food and used as a dietary supplement.
Robyn Landis is an American author, public speaker and folk singer who was born in Brooklyn, NY, and has lived in Seattle, WA, and Tucson, AZ United States.
Sir Roger Gilbert Bannister (23 March 1929 – 3 March 2018) was a British middle-distance athlete, doctor and academic who ran the first sub-4-minute mile.
The Roman chair is a piece of exercise equipment.
In strength training, rowing (or a row, usually preceded by a qualifying adjective — for instance a seated row) is an exercise where the purpose is to strengthen the muscles that draw the rower's arms toward the body (latissimus dorsi) as well as those that retract the scapulae (trapezius and rhomboids) and those that support the spine (erector spinae).
A Rowperfect is an indoor rowing machine designed in 1987; patented in 1988, by Cas Rekers.
Running is a method of terrestrial locomotion allowing humans and other animals to move rapidly on foot.
The Russian twist is a type of exercise that is used to work the abdominal muscles by performing a twisting motion on the abdomen.
A scrum machine, or scrummaging machine, is a padded, weighty device against which a pack of rugby football forwards can practice scrummaging and rucking.
The sense of balance or equilibrioception is one of the physiological senses related to balance.
The Shake Weight is a modified dumbbell that oscillates, purportedly increasing the effects of exercise.
The shoulder shrug (usually called simply the shrug) is an exercise in weight training used to develop the upper trapezius muscle.
The sit-up (or curl-up) is an abdominal endurance training exercise commonly performed to strengthen and tone the abdominal muscles.
A skipping rope (British English) or jump rope (American English) is a tool used in the sport of jump rope where one or more participants jump over a rope swung so that it passes under their feet and over their heads.
A slant board is a board set at an angle or slant.
The Smith machine is a weight machine used for weight training.
A snack bar usually refers to an inexpensive food counter that is part of a permanent structure where snack foods and light meals are sold.
Soloflex refers to both the Soloflex exercise machine and to Soloflex, Inc., the company that created and produces it.
In everyday use and in kinematics, the speed of an object is the magnitude of its velocity (the rate of change of its position); it is thus a scalar quantity.
Sport (British English) or sports (American English) includes all forms of competitive physical activity or games which, through casual or organised participation, aim to use, maintain or improve physical ability and skills while providing enjoyment to participants, and in some cases, entertainment for spectators.
Sports injuries are injuries that occur in athletic activities or exercising.
Sportswear or activewear is clothing, including footwear, worn for sport or physical exercise.
A sprain, also known as a torn ligament, is damage to one or more ligaments in a joint, often caused by trauma or the joint being taken beyond its functional range of motion.
Sprinting is running over a short distance in a limited period of time.
In strength training and fitness, the squat is a compound, full body exercise that trains primarily the muscles of the thighs, hips and buttocks, quadriceps femoris muscle (vastus lateralis, vastus medialis, vastus intermedius and rectus femoris), hamstrings, as well as strengthening the bones, ligaments and insertion of the tendons throughout the lower body.
StairMaster is a US company specializing in the design and production of fitness equipment for commercial, light commercial, and home use.
A stationary bicycle (also known as exercise bicycle, exercise bike, spinning bike, or exercycle) is a device with saddle, pedals, and some form of handlebars arranged as on a bicycle, but used as exercise equipment rather than transportation.
A strain (also known colloquially as a pulled muscle or torn muscle) is an acute or chronic soft tissue injury that occurs to a muscle, tendon, or both (contractile components).
Strength training is a type of physical exercise specializing in the use of resistance to induce muscular contraction which builds the strength, anaerobic endurance, and size of skeletal muscles.
Stress management is a wide spectrum of techniques and psychotherapies aimed at controlling a person's level of stress, especially chronic stress, usually for the purpose of improving everyday functioning.
Stretching is a form of physical exercise in which a specific muscle or tendon (or muscle group) is deliberately flexed or stretched in order to improve the muscle's felt elasticity and achieve comfortable muscle tone.
In sports science theory, supercompensation is the post training period during which the trained function/parameter has a higher performance capacity than it did prior to the training period.
The supine row (or inverted row) is an exercise in weight training.
Susan Powter (born 22 December 1957) is an Australian-born American motivational speaker, nutritionist, personal trainer, and author, who rose to fame in the 1990s with her catchphrase "Stop the Insanity!", which was the centerpiece of her weight loss infomercial.
Swimming is the self-propulsion of a person through fresh or salt water, usually for recreation, sport, exercise, or survival.
A tendon or sinew is a tough band of fibrous connective tissue that usually connects muscle to bone and is capable of withstanding tension.
The Thighmaster is an exercise product designed to shape one's thighs.
The "Total Gym" is a brand name and product line of exercise machines used for strength training, stretching, and pilates training designed by EFI Sports Medicine Incorporated of San Diego, California.
In weight training, training to failure is repeating an exercise (such as the bench press) to the point of momentary muscular failure, i.e. the point where the neuromuscular system can no longer produce adequate force to overcome a specific workload.
The trap bar is an implement used in weight training.
The trapezius (or trapezoid) is a large paired surface muscle that extends longitudinally from the occipital bone to the lower thoracic vertebrae of the spine and laterally to the spine of the scapula.
A treadmill is a device generally for walking or running or climbing while staying in the same place.
A treadmill desk, walking desk or treadmill workstation is a computer desk that is adapted so that the user walks on a treadmill while performing office tasks.
The Treadmill with Vibration Isolation Stabilization System, commonly abbreviated as TVIS, is a treadmill for use on board the International Space Station and is designed to allow astronauts to run without vibrating delicate microgravity science experiments in adjacent labs.
The triceps, also triceps brachii (Latin for "three-headed muscle of the arm"), is a large muscle on the back of the upper limb of many vertebrates.
Universal Gym Equipment was an American manufacturer of exercise equipment, in particular weight machines.
The upright row is a weight training exercise performed by holding a grips with the overhand grip and lifting it straight up to the collarbone.
Vitamin B12, also called cobalamin, is a water-soluble vitamin that is involved in the metabolism of every cell of the human body: it is a cofactor in DNA synthesis, and in both fatty acid and amino acid metabolism.
Vitamin B6 refers to a group of chemically similar compounds which can be interconverted in biological systems.
Walking (also known as ambulation) is one of the main gaits of locomotion among legged animals.
The warming up is prepare for physical exertion or a performance by exercising or practising gently beforehand.
Weight cutting is the practice of fast weight loss prior to a sporting competition.
Weight loss, in the context of medicine, health, or physical fitness, refers to a reduction of the total body mass, due to a mean loss of fluid, body fat or adipose tissue or lean mass, namely bone mineral deposits, muscle, tendon, and other connective tissue.
A weight machine is an exercise machine used for weight training that uses gravity as the primary source of resistance and a combination of simple machines to convey that resistance to the person using the machine.
Weight training is a common type of strength training for developing the strength and size of skeletal muscles.
Weighted clothing is clothing that adds weight to various parts of the body, usually as part of resistance training.
A wheelchair trainer or wheelchair treadmill is an apparatus that allows a manual wheelchair user to simulate linear (translational) travel while remaining stationary in a manner similar to an ambulatory person walking or running on a treadmill or a cyclist pedaling a bicycle on a bicycle trainer.
Whey protein is a mixture of globular proteins isolated from whey, the liquid material created as a by-product of cheese production.
Whole body vibration (WBV) is a generic term used when vibrations (mechanical oscillations) of any frequency are transferred to the human body.
The wrist curl is a weight training exercise for developing just the wrist flexor muscles of the forearm.
The wrist roller is a device designed for strengthening the forearm muscles together in a rolling-pulling motion.
Yoga (Sanskrit, योगः) is a group of physical, mental, and spiritual practices or disciplines which originated in ancient India.
York Barbell is an American-based international manufacturer of fitness products.