159 relations: Abyssal zone, American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists, Amphibious fish, Ampullae of Lorenzini, Anchovy, Anglerfish, Angling, Anguilliformity, Animal, Aquaculture, Aquarium, Aquatic animal, Aquatic feeding mechanisms, Bait ball, Bait fish, Barbel (anatomy), Batoidea, Billfish, Bottom feeder, Bubble nest, Carl Leavitt Hubbs, Catch and release, Chondrichthyes, Clasper, Cleaner fish, Coarse fishing, Coastal fish, Cod, Coldwater fish, Coral reef fish, Craniate, David Starr Jordan, Deep sea fish, Demersal fish, Diel vertical migration, Digit (anatomy), Digital Fish Library, Diversity of fish, Dorsal fin, Ectotherm, Egg case (Chondrichthyes), Electric fish, Electroreception, Environmental impact of fishing, Ethnoichthyology, Evolution of fish, Fear of fish, Filter feeder, Fin and flipper locomotion, Fish, ..., Fish anatomy, Fish as food, Fish development, Fish farming, Fish kill, Fish locomotion, Fish migration, Fish reproduction, Fish scale, FishBase, Fishes of the World, Fishkeeping, Flatfish, Flying fish, Forage fish, Freshwater fish, Game fish, Genetically modified fish, Gilbert Ichthyological Society, Gill, Gill raker, Gill slit, Glossary of ichthyology, Glossohyal, Great white shark, Groundfish, Gudgeon (fish), Hadal zone, Hagfish, Herring, History of fishing, Hyomandibula, Ichthyoallyeinotoxism, Ichthyological Society of Hong Kong, Ichthyology, Ichthyoplankton, Jacques Cousteau, Lamprey, Lateral line, Lepidophagy, Leydig's organ, Limb (anatomy), List of common fish names, List of fish families, Lists of aquarium life, Louis Agassiz, Mackerel, Marine biology, Marine habitats, Marine vertebrate, Mauthner cell, Milt, Mouthbrooder, National Fish Habitat Partnership, Natural resource, North American Native Fishes Association, Ocean, Oily fish, Operculum (fish), Organism, Osteichthyes, Otolith, Outline (list), Outline of fisheries, Outline of fishing, Outline of the fishing industry, Overfishing, Paedophagy, Pain in fish, Paraphyly, Pelagic fish, Pharyngeal teeth, Phil Pister, Photophore, Pollock, Predatory fish, Pseudobranch, Public aquarium, Recreational fishing, Robert Rush Miller, Roe, Rough fish, Saccopharyngiformes, Salmon, Salmon run, Salvelinus, Sardine, Sardine run, Schreckstoff, Seafood, Shark, Shark cartilage, Shark tooth, Shoaling and schooling, Spawn (biology), Spawning trigger, Swim bladder, Tropical fish, Tuna, Undulatory locomotion, Venomous fish, Vertebrate, Vision in fishes, Walking fish, Weberian apparatus, Wendell L. Minckley, Whitefish (fisheries term), Wild fisheries, William Beebe. Expand index (109 more) » « Shrink index
The abyssal zone or abyssopelagic zone is a layer of the pelagic zone of the ocean.
The American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists (ASIH) is an international learned society devoted to the scientific studies of ichthyology (study of fish) and herpetology (study of reptiles and amphibians).
Amphibious fish are fish that are able to leave water for extended periods of time.
The ampullae of Lorenzini are special sensing organs called electroreceptors, forming a network of jelly-filled pores.
An anchovy is a small, common forage fish of the family Engraulidae.
Anglerfish are fish of the teleost order Lophiiformes.
Angling is a method of fishing by means of an "angle" (fish hook).
Anguilliformity is a morphological pattern in fishes, named for and typified by the eels.
Animals are multicellular eukaryotic organisms that form the biological kingdom Animalia.
Aquaculture (less commonly spelled aquiculture), also known as aquafarming, is the farming of fish, crustaceans, molluscs, aquatic plants, algae, and other organisms.
An aquarium (plural: aquariums or aquaria) is a vivarium of any size having at least one transparent side in which aquatic plants or animals are kept and displayed.
A aquatic animal is an animal, either vertebrate or invertebrate, which lives in the water for most or all of its lifetime.
Aquatic feeding mechanisms face a special difficulty as compared to feeding on land, because the density of water is about the same as that of the prey, so the prey tends to be pushed away when the mouth is closed.
A bait ball, or baitball, occurs when small fish swarm in a tightly packed spherical formation about a common centre.
Feeder Goldfish are common baitfish. Bait fish are small fish caught for use as bait to attract large predatory fish, particularly game fish.
In fish anatomy and turtle anatomy, a barbel is a slender, whiskerlike sensory organ near the mouth.
Batoidea is a superorder of cartilaginous fish commonly known as rays.
The term billfish refers to a group of predatory fish characterised by prominent bills, or rostra, and by their large size; some are longer than 4 m (13 ft).
A bottom feeder is an aquatic animal that feeds on or near the bottom of a body of water.
Bubble nests, also called foam nests, are created by some fish and frog species as floating masses of bubbles blown with an oral secretion, saliva bubbles, and occasionally aquatic plants.
Carl Leavitt Hubbs (October 19, 1894 – June 30, 1979) was an American ichthyologist.
Catch and release is a practice within recreational fishing intended as a technique of conservation.
Chondrichthyes (from Greek χονδρ- chondr- 'cartilage', ἰχθύς ichthys 'fish') is a class that contains the cartilaginous fishes: they are jawed vertebrates with paired fins, paired nares, scales, a heart with its chambers in series, and skeletons made of cartilage rather than bone.
In biology, a clasper is a male anatomical structure found in some groups of animals, used in mating.
Cleaner fish are fish that provide a service to other fish species by removing dead skin and ectoparasites.
Coarse fishing is a term used in the United Kingdom and Ireland for angling for coarse fish.
Coastal fish, also called inshore fish or neritic fish, inhabit the sea between the shoreline and the edge of the continental shelf.
Cod is the common name for the demersal fish genus Gadus, belonging to the family Gadidae.
Coldwater fish, in the context of aquariums, refers to fish species that prefer colder water temperatures than average tropical fish, typically below.
Coral reef fish are fish which live amongst or in close relation to coral reefs.
A craniate is a member of the Craniata (sometimes called the Craniota), a proposed clade of chordate animals with a skull of hard bone or cartilage.
David Starr Jordan (January 19, 1851 – September 19, 1931) was an American ichthyologist, educator, eugenicist, and peace activist.
Deep-sea fish are fish that live in the darkness below the sunlit surface waters, that is below the epipelagic or photic zone of the sea.
Demersal fish live and feed on or near the bottom of seas or lakes (the demersal zone).
Diel vertical migration (DVM), also known as diurnal vertical migration, is a pattern of movement used by some organisms, such as copepods, living in the ocean and in lakes.
A digit is one of several most distal parts of a limb, such as fingers or toes, present in many vertebrates.
The Digital Fish Library (DFL) is a University of California San Diego project funded by the 0-471-25031-7 DFL imaging has also contributed to a number of published peer-reviewed scientific studies. *Runcie RM, Dewar H, Hawn D, Frank LR, Dickson KA. (2009). Evidence for Cranial Endothermy in the Opah (''Lampris guttatus''). Journal of Experimental Biology. 212(4):461-70. *Rogers B, Lowe CG, Fernandez-Juricic E, and Frank LR. (2008). Utilizing magnetic resonance imagine (MRI) to assess the effects of angling-induced barotraumas on rockfish (''Sebastes''). Canadian Journal of Fisheries & Aquatic Sciences. 65:1245-1249. *Sepulveda CA, Dickson KA, Frank LR & Graham JB. (2007). Cranial endothermy and a putative brain heater in the most basal tuna species, ''Allothunnus fallai''. Journal of Fish Biology. 70(6): 1720-1733. *Perry CN, Cartamil DC, Bernal D, Sepulveda CA, Theilmann RJ, Graham JB & Frank LR. (2007). Quantification of red myotomal muscle volume and geometry in the shortfin mako shark (''Isurus oxyrinchus'') and the salmon shark (''Lamna ditropis''), using T1-weighted magnetic resonance imaging. Journal of Morphology. 268(4):284-92. Digital Fish Library work has been featured in the media including two National Geographic documentaries: ''Magnetic Navigator''http://channel.nationalgeographic.com/channel/videos/player.html?channel.
Fish are very diverse animals and can be categorised in many ways.
A dorsal fin is a fin located on the back of most marine and freshwater vertebrates such as fishes, cetaceans (whales, dolphins, and porpoises), and the (extinct) ichthyosaur.
An ectotherm (from the Greek ἐκτός (ektós) "outside" and θερμός (thermós) "hot"), is an organism in which internal physiological sources of heat are of relatively small or quite negligible importance in controlling body temperature.
An egg case or egg capsule is the casing that surrounds the eggs of oviparous sharks, skates, and chimaeras.
An electric fish is any fish that can generate electric fields.
Electroreception or electroception is the biological ability to perceive natural electrical stimuli.
The environmental impact of fishing includes issues such as the availability of fish, overfishing, fisheries, and fisheries management; as well as the impact of fishing on other elements of the environment, such as by-catch.
Ethnoichthyology is an area in anthropology that examines human knowledge of fish, the uses of fish, and importance of fish in different human societies.
The evolution of fish began about 530 million years ago during the Cambrian explosion.
Fear of fish or ichthyophobia ranges from cultural phenomena such as fear of eating fish, fear of touching raw fish, or fear of dead fish, up to irrational fear (specific phobia).
Filter feeders are a sub-group of suspension feeding animals that feed by straining suspended matter and food particles from water, typically by passing the water over a specialized filtering structure.
Fin and flipper locomotion occurs mostly in aquatic locomotion, and rarely in terrestrial locomotion.
Fish are gill-bearing aquatic craniate animals that lack limbs with digits.
Fish anatomy is the study of the form or morphology of fishes.
Many species of fish are consumed as food in virtually all regions around the world.
The development of fishes is unique in some specific aspects compared to the development of other animals.
Fish farming or pisciculture involves raising fish commercially in tanks or enclosures such as fish ponds, usually for food.
The term fish kill, known also as fish die-off, refers to a localized die-off of fish populations which may also be associated with more generalized mortality of aquatic life.
Fish locomotion is the variety of types of animal locomotion used by fish, principally by swimming.
Many types of fish migrate on a regular basis, on time scales ranging from daily to annually or longer, and over distances ranging from a few metres to thousands of kilometres.
Fish reproductive organs include testes and ovaries.
The skin of most fishes is covered with scales, which, in many cases, are animal reflectors or produce animal coloration.
FishBase is a global species database of fish species (specifically finfish).
Fishes of the World by Joseph S. Nelson is a standard reference for fish systematics.
Fishkeeping is a popular hobby, practiced by aquarists, concerned with keeping fish in a home aquarium or garden pond.
A flatfish is a member of the order Pleuronectiformes of ray-finned demersal fishes, also called the Heterosomata, sometimes classified as a suborder of Perciformes.
The Exocoetidae are a family of marine fishes in the order Beloniformes class Actinopterygii.
Forage fish, also called prey fish or bait fish, are small pelagic fish which are preyed on by larger predators for food.
Freshwater fish are those that spend some or all of their lives in fresh water, such as rivers and lakes, with a salinity of less than 0.05%.
Game fish are fish pursued by recreational anglers.
Genetically modified fish (GM fish) are organisms from the taxonomic clade which includes the classes Agnatha (jawless fish), Chondrichthyes (cartilaginous fish) and Osteichthyes (bony fish) whose genetic material (DNA) has been altered using genetic engineering techniques.
The Gilbert Ichthyological Society is an unincorporated association of professionals and students serving to foster communication in the Pacific Northwest concerning all things ichthyological.
A gill is a respiratory organ found in many aquatic organisms that extracts dissolved oxygen from water and excretes carbon dioxide.
Gill rakers in fish are bony or cartilaginous processes that project from the branchial arch (gill arch) and are involved with suspension feeding tiny prey.
Gill slits are individual openings to gills, i.e., multiple gill arches, which lack a single outer cover.
Ichthyology uses several terms that are unique to the science.
Glossohyal is the term used in fish anatomy for the tongue and hyoid bone.
The great white shark (Carcharodon carcharias), commonly known as the great white or the white shark, is a species of large mackerel shark which can be found in the coastal surface waters of all the major oceans.
Groundfish are fish that live on, in, or near the bottom of the body of water they inhabit.
Gudgeon is the common name for a number of small freshwater fish of the families Cyprinidae, Eleotridae or Ptereleotridae.
The hadal zone (named after the realm of Hades, the underworld in Greek mythology), also known as the hadopelagic zone, is the deepest region of the ocean lying within oceanic trenches.
Hagfish, the class '''Myxini''' (also known as Hyperotreti), are eel-shaped, slime-producing marine fish (occasionally called slime eels).
Herring are forage fish, mostly belonging to the family Clupeidae.
Fishing is the practice of catching fish.
The hyomandibula, commonly referred to as hyomandibular (os hyomandibulare, from hyoeides, "upsilon-shaped" (υ), and Latin: mandibula, "jawbone") is a set of bones that is found in the hyoid region in most fishes.
Ichthyoallyeinotoxism, or hallucinogenic fish inebriation, comes from eating certain species of fish found in several parts of the tropics, the effects of which are reputed to be similar in some aspects to LSD.
The Ichthyological Society of Hong Kong (ISHK or HKIS) is a non-profit non-government organization in Hong Kong, for professional studies on ichthyology, biodiversity and promotion of ichthyological knowledge to the public.
Ichthyology (from Greek: ἰχθύς, ikhthys, "fish"; and λόγος, logos, "study"), also known as fish science, is the branch of zoology devoted to the study of fish.
Ichthyoplankton (from Greek: ἰχθύς, ikhthus, "fish"; and πλαγκτός, planktos, "drifter") are the eggs and larvae of fish.
Jacques-Yves Cousteau (11 June 1910 – 25 June 1997) was a French naval officer, explorer, conservationist, filmmaker, innovator, scientist, photographer, author and researcher who studied the sea and all forms of life in water.
Lampreys (sometimes also called, inaccurately, lamprey eels) are an ancient lineage of jawless fish of the order Petromyzontiformes, placed in the superclass Cyclostomata.
The lateral line is a system of sense organs found in aquatic vertebrates, used to detect movement, vibration, and pressure gradients in the surrounding water.
Lepidophagy is a specialised feeding behaviour in fish that involves eating of scales of other fish.
Leydig's organ (named after the German histologist Franz Leydig who first described it in 1857) is a unique structure that is only found in elasmobranchs (sharks and rays), although some elasmobranchs lack this organ.
A limb (from the Old English lim), or extremity, is a jointed, or prehensile (as octopus arms or new world monkey tails), appendage of the human or other animal body.
This is a list of common fish names.
This is a list of fish families sorted alphabetically by scientific name.
In fishkeeping, suitable species of aquarium fish, plants and other organisms vary with the size, water chemistry and temperature of the aquarium.
Jean Louis Rodolphe Agassiz (May 28, 1807December 14, 1873) was a Swiss-American biologist and geologist recognized as an innovative and prodigious scholar of Earth's natural history.
Mackerel is a common name applied to a number of different species of pelagic fish, mostly, but not exclusively, from the family Scombridae.
Marine biology is the scientific study of marine life, organisms in the sea.
The marine environment supplies many kinds of habitats that support marine life.
Marine vertebrates are vertebrates which live in a marine environment.
The Mauthner cells are a pair of big and easily identifiable neurons (one for each half of the body) located in the rhombomere 4 of the hindbrain in fish and amphibians that are responsible for a very fast escape reflex (in the majority of animals – a so-called C-start response).
Milt is the seminal fluid of fish, mollusks, and certain other water-dwelling animals who reproduce by spraying this fluid which contains the sperm, onto roe (fish eggs).
Mouthbrooding, also known as oral incubation and buccal incubation, is the care given by some groups of animals to their offspring by holding them in the mouth of the parent for extended periods of time.
The National Fish Habitat Partnership (NFHP) is an attempt to conserve (protect, restore, enhance) freshwater, estuarine and marine waterways and fisheries in the United States.
Natural resources are resources that exist without actions of humankind.
The North American Native Fishes Association (NANFA) is a non-profit, tax-exempt U.S. corporation that serves to bring together professional and amateur aquarists, anglers, fisheries biologists, ichthyologists, fish and wildlife officials, educators and naturalists who share an interest in the conservation, study, and captive husbandry of North America's native fishes.
An ocean (the sea of classical antiquity) is a body of saline water that composes much of a planet's hydrosphere.
Oily fish have oil in their tissues and in the belly cavity around the gut.
The operculum is a series of bones found in bony fish that serves as a facial support structure and a protective covering for the gills; it is also used for respiration and feeding.
In biology, an organism (from Greek: ὀργανισμός, organismos) is any individual entity that exhibits the properties of life.
Osteichthyes, popularly referred to as the bony fish, is a diverse taxonomic group of fish that have skeletons primarily composed of bone tissue, as opposed to cartilage.
An otolith (ὠτο-, ōto- ear + λῐ́θος, líthos, a stone), also called statoconium or otoconium or statolith, is a calcium carbonate structure in the saccule or utricle of the inner ear, specifically in the vestibular system of vertebrates.
An outline, also called a hierarchical outline, is a list arranged to show hierarchical relationships and is a type of tree structure.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to fisheries: Fishery – entity engaged in raising or harvesting fish which is determined by some authority to be a fishery.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to fishing: Fishing – activity of trying to catch fish.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to the fishing industry: Fishing industry – includes any industry or activity concerned with taking, culturing, processing, preserving, storing, transporting, marketing or selling fish, fish products or shellfish.
Overfishing is the removal of a species of fish from a body of water at a rate that the species cannot replenish in time, resulting in those species either becoming depleted or very underpopulated in that given area.
Paedophagy (literally meaning the "consumption of children") in its general form is the feeding behaviour of fish or other animals whose diet is partially, or primarily the eggs or larvae of other animals.
Whether fish feel pain is a contentious issue.
In taxonomy, a group is paraphyletic if it consists of the group's last common ancestor and all descendants of that ancestor excluding a few—typically only one or two—monophyletic subgroups.
Pelagic fish live in the pelagic zone of ocean or lake waters – being neither close to the bottom nor near the shore – in contrast with demersal fish, which do live on or near the bottom, and reef fish, which are associated with coral reefs.
Pharyngeal teeth are teeth in the pharyngeal arch of the throat of cyprinids, suckers, and a number of other fish species otherwise lacking teeth.
Edwin "Phil" Pister is a fishery biologist who worked for California Department of Fish and Game.
A photophore is a glandular organ that appears as luminous spots on various marine animals, including fish and cephalopods.
Pollock (pronounced) is the common name used for either of the two species of North Atlantic marine fish in the genus Pollachius.
Predatory fish are fish that prey upon other fish or animals.
The pseudobranch, also pseudobranchia is the reduced first gill arch of a fish (on the inner surface of the opercle, near the junction of the preopercle) as well as a reduced "false" gill in some gastropods.
A public aquarium (plural: public aquaria or public aquariums) is the aquatic counterpart of a zoo, which houses living aquatic animal and plant specimens for public viewing.
Recreational fishing, also called sport fishing, is fishing for pleasure or competition.
Robert Rush Miller (April 23, 1916 – February 10, 2003) "was an important figure in American ichthyology and conservation from 1940 to the 1990s." He was born in Colorado Springs, earned his bachelor's degree at University of California, Berkeley in 1938, a master's degree at the University of Michigan in 1943, and a Ph.D. at the University of Michigan in 1944.
Roe or hard roe is the fully ripe internal egg masses in the ovaries, or the released external egg masses of fish and certain marine animals, such as shrimp, scallop and sea urchins.
Rough fish (or the slang trash fish or dirt fish) is a term used by U.S. state agencies and U.S. anglers to describe fish that are less desirable to sport anglers within a limited region.
Saccopharyngiformes is an order of unusual ray-finned fish, superficially similar to eels, but with multiple internal differences.
Salmon is the common name for several species of ray-finned fish in the family Salmonidae.
Fishermen capture running salmon with netsbefore tagging and releasing them --> The salmon run is the time when salmon, which have migrated from the ocean, swim to the upper reaches of rivers where they spawn on gravel beds.
Salvelinus is a genus of salmonid fish often called char or charr; some species are called "trout".
"Sardine" and "pilchard" are common names used to refer to various small, oily fish in the herring family Clupeidae.
The sardine run of southern Africa occurs from May through July when billions of sardines – or more specifically the Southern African pilchard Sardinops sagax – spawn in the cool waters of the Agulhas Bank and move northward along the east coast of South Africa.
In 1938, the Austrian ethologist Karl von Frisch made his first report on the existence of the chemical alarm signal known as Schreckstoff (startle/shock substance) in minnows.
Seafood is any form of sea life regarded as food by humans.
Sharks are a group of elasmobranch fish characterized by a cartilaginous skeleton, five to seven gill slits on the sides of the head, and pectoral fins that are not fused to the head.
Shark cartilage is a dietary supplement made from the dried and powdered cartilage of a shark; that is, from the tough material that composes a shark's skeleton.
A shark tooth is one of the numerous teeth of a shark.
In biology, any group of fish that stay together for social reasons are shoaling (pronounced), and if the group is swimming in the same direction in a coordinated manner, they are schooling (pronounced). In common usage, the terms are sometimes used rather loosely.
Spawn is the eggs and sperm released or deposited into water by aquatic animals.
Spawning triggers are environmental cues that cause fish to breed.
The swim bladder, gas bladder, fish maw or air bladder is an internal gas-filled organ that contributes to the ability of many bony fish (but not cartilaginous fish) to control their buoyancy, and thus to stay at their current water depth without having to waste energy in swimming.
Tropical fish are generally those fish found in aquatic tropical environments around the world, including both freshwater and saltwater species.
A tuna is a saltwater fish that belongs to the tribe Thunnini, a sub-grouping of the mackerel family (Scombridae).
Undulatory locomotion is the type of motion characterized by wave-like movement patterns that act to propel an animal forward.
Venomous fish produce a strong toxin harmful to humans (called venom) which they deliver by means of a bite, sting, or stab.
Vertebrates comprise all species of animals within the subphylum Vertebrata (chordates with backbones).
Vision is an important sensory system for most species of fish.
A walking fish, or ambulatory fish, is a fish that is able to travel over land for extended periods of time.
The Weberian apparatus is an anatomical structure that connects the swim bladder to the auditory system in fishes belonging to the superorder Ostariophysi.
Wendell Lee Minckley (November 13, 1935 – June 22, 2001) was a college professor and leading expert on fish.
Whitefish or white fish is a fisheries term for several species of demersal fish with fins, particularly Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua), Caspian kutum (Rutilus kutum), whiting (Merluccius bilinearis), and haddock (Melanogrammus aeglefinus), but also hake (Urophycis), pollock (Pollachius), or others.
A fishery is an area with an associated fish or aquatic population which is harvested for its commercial value.
William Beebe (born Charles William Beebe; July 29, 1877 – June 4, 1962) was an American naturalist, ornithologist, marine biologist, entomologist, explorer, and author.