224 relations: Acoustic tag, Age class structure, Agulhas Bank, Algaculture, Algal bloom, Aquacultural engineering, Aquaculture, Aquaculture of catfish, Aquaculture of tilapia, Aquaponics, Aquatic ecosystem, Asia-Pacific Fishery Commission, Association for Professional Observers, Australian Fisheries Management Authority, Benthic zone, Benthos, Bioeconomics (fisheries), Biomass (ecology), Bobs Farm, New South Wales, Broodstock, Bruno Hofer, Bycatch, CalCOFI, Catch per unit effort, Catch reporting, Catch share, Census of Marine Life, Central Institute of Fisheries Education, Cetacean bycatch, Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences, Coastal fish, Cod fisheries, Common Fisheries Policy, Condition index, Continental shelf, Continental shelf pump, Coral reef, Coral reef fish, Crab fisheries, CSIRO Oceans and Atmosphere, Daniel Pauly, Data storage tag, Dead zone (ecology), Deep Sea Conservation Coalition, Defying Ocean's End, Demersal fish, Demersal zone, Destructive fishing practices, Discards, Diversity of fish, ..., EconMult, Ecopath, EcoSCOPE, Ed Ricketts, Eel ladder, Eel life history, Environmental impact of fishing, Estuary, European Fisheries Control Agency, European Fishery MLS, Exclusive economic zone, Federation of Irish Fishermen, Fish, Fish as food, Fish counter, Fish farming, Fish hatchery, Fish kill, Fish ladder, Fish measurement, Fish migration, Fish mortality, Fish screen, Fish stock, Fish stocking, FishBase, Fisheries acoustics, Fisheries and climate change, Fisheries management, Fisheries observer, Fisheries science, Fisherman, Fishermen's Union Trading Co., Fishery, Fishery Resources Monitoring System, Fishing down the food web, Food and Agriculture Organization, Forage fish, Freshwater prawn farming, Friend of the Sea, Future of Marine Animal Populations, GEOMAR Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel, Georg Ossian Sars, Global Ocean Ecosystem Dynamics, Got Mercury?, Great Lakes Fishery Commission, Greenpeace, Gulf States Marine Fisheries Commission, Harald Rosenthal, Hirudiculture, Hotspot Ecosystem Research and Man's Impact On European Seas, Humboldt Current, Ichthyological Society of Hong Kong, Illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing, Incidental catch, Individual fishing quota, Infectious hypodermal and hematopoietic necrosis, Inland saline aquaculture, Integrated multi-trophic aquaculture, International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas, International Council for the Exploration of the Sea, International Seafood Sustainability Foundation, International Whaling Commission, Intertidal ecology, Johan Hjort, Karnataka Veterinary, Animal and Fisheries Sciences University, Kelp, Kerala University of Fisheries and Ocean Studies, Krill fishery, Kyodo Senpaku, Leigh Marine Laboratory, Leo Margolis, Littoral zone, Lobster fishing, Ludwig von Bertalanffy, Magnuson–Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act, Maharashtra Animal and Fishery Sciences University, Mariculture, Marine biology, Marine conservation, Marine conservation activism, Marine Conservation Alliance, Marine habitats, Marine pollution, Marine protected area, Marine reserve, Marine snow, Marine Stewardship Council, Match/mismatch, Matsyafed, Maximum sustainable yield, Mercury in fish, Minimum landing size, Mixed stock fishery, Monitoring control and surveillance, National Academy of Sciences, National Coalition for Marine Conservation, National Fish Habitat Partnership, National Fish Hatchery System, National Fisheries Institute, National Marine Fisheries Service, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Neritic zone, North American Native Fishes Association, North Atlantic Marine Mammal Commission, North Atlantic Salmon Conservation Organization, North Pacific Marine Science Organization, Northwest Atlantic Fisheries Organization, Northwest Atlantic Marine Alliance, Ocean Conservancy, Ocean fisheries, Ocean gyre, Ocean Surface Topography Mission, Oceana (non-profit group), Otolith microchemical analysis, Outline (list), Outline of fishing, Overfishing, Oyster farming, Pacific Whiting Conservation Cooperative, Pelagic fish, Pelagic zone, Population dynamics of fisheries, PROFISH, R. J. McKay, Raceway (aquaculture), Red tide, Regional fisheries management organisation, Salmon conservation, Salmon run, Sardine run, Sea Around Us (organization), Sea louse, Sea Shepherd Conservation Society, SeaChoice, Seafood Choices Alliance, Seafood Watch, Seamount, SeaWeb, Shark finning, Shark sanctuary, Shellfish Association of Great Britain, Shifting baseline, Shoaling and schooling, Shrimp farming, Shrimp fishery, South East Atlantic Fisheries Organisation, Stock assessment, Sustainable fishery, Sustainable seafood, Tailwater, Taura syndrome, The End of the Line (book), The Sunken Billions, Tore Schweder, Trophic cascade, Trophic level, Turtle excluder device, U.S. Regional Fishery Management Councils, UBC Fisheries Centre, Upwelling, Vessel monitoring system, Walther Herwig, Water column, West Bengal University of Animal and Fishery Sciences, Western and Central Pacific Fisheries Commission, White spot syndrome, Wild fisheries, Work in Fishing Convention, 2007, World Oceans Day, WorldFish, Worshipful Company of Fishmongers, Yakima Klickitat Fisheries Project, Yellowhead disease. 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Acoustic tags are small sound-emitting devices that allow the detection and/or remote tracking of fish in three dimensions for fisheries research.
Age class structure in fisheries and wildlife management is a part of population assessment.
The Agulhas Bank (from Portuguese for Cape Agulhas, Cabo das Agulhas, "Cape of Needles") is a broad, shallow part of the southern African continental shelf which extends up to south of Cape Agulhas before falling steeply to the abyssal plain.
Algaculture is a form of aquaculture involving the farming of species of algae.
An algal bloom is a rapid increase or accumulation in the population of algae in freshwater or marine water systems, and is recognized by the discoloration in the water from their pigments.
Aquacultural engineering is a multidisciplinary field of engineering that aims to solve technical problems associated with farming aquatic vertebrates, invertebrates, and algae.
Aquaculture (less commonly spelled aquiculture), also known as aquafarming, is the farming of fish, crustaceans, molluscs, aquatic plants, algae, and other organisms.
Catfish are easy to farm in warm climates, leading to inexpensive and safe food at local grocers.
Tilapia has become the third most important fish in aquaculture after carp and salmon; worldwide production exceeded 1,500,000 metric tons in 2002 and increases annually.
Aquaponics refers to any system that combines conventional aquaculture (raising aquatic animals such as snails, fish, crayfish or prawns in tanks) with hydroponics (cultivating plants in water) in a symbiotic environment.
An aquatic ecosystem is an ecosystem in a body of water.
The Asia-Pacific Fishery Commission (APFIC), originally called the Indo-Pacific Fisheries Council (IPFC) is a Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) Article XIV Regional Fisheries Body which covers fisheries, aquaculture and related aquatic resource issues in the Asia-Pacific region.
The Association for Professional Observers (APO) is an association of primarily Fisheries Observers. It is the first association of fisheries observers.
The Australian Fisheries Management Authority (AFMA) is the Australian Government statutory authority responsible for the management and sustainable use of fisheries resources and for combating illegal fishing activities in the Australian Fishing Zone that covers 8,148,250 square kilometres, the third largest in the world, and in Australia's Exclusive Economic Zone, which extends from 12 nautical miles to 200 nautical miles (370 km) from the coastline of Australia and its external territories, except where a maritime delimitation agreement exists with another state.
The benthic zone is the ecological region at the lowest level of a body of water such as an ocean or a lake, including the sediment surface and some sub-surface layers.
Benthos is the community of organisms that live on, in, or near the seabed, also known as the benthic zone.
Bioeconomics is closely related to the early development of theories in fisheries economics, initially in the mid-1950s by Canadian economists Scott Gordon (in 1954) and Anthony Scott (1955).
Biomass is the mass of living biological organisms in a given area or ecosystem at a given time.
Bobs Farm is a sparsely populated rural suburb of the Port Stephens local government area in the Hunter Region of New South Wales, Australia.
Broodstock, or broodfish, are a group of mature individuals used in aquaculture for breeding purposes.
Bruno Hofer (15 December 1861 – 7 July 1916) was a German fishery scientist, credited with being the founder of fish pathology.
Bycatch, in the fishing industry, is a fish or other marine species that is caught unintentionally while catching certain target species and target sizes of fish, crabs etc.
CalCOFI (California Cooperative Oceanic Fisheries Investigations) is a multi-agency partnership formed in 1949 to investigate the collapse of the sardine population off California.
In fisheries and conservation biology, the catch per unit effort (CPUE) is an indirect measure of the abundance of a target species.
Catch reporting is a part of Monitoring control and surveillance of Commercial fishing.
Catch share is a fishery management system that allocates a secure privilege to harvest a specific area or percentage of a fishery's total catch to individuals, communities, or associations.
The Census of Marine Life was a 10-year scientific initiative, involving a global network of researchers in more than 80 nations, engaged to assess and explain the diversity, distribution, and abundance of life in the oceans.
The Central Institute of Fisheries Education (CIFE) is a Deemed to be University and institution of higher learning for fisheries science in Mumbai, India.
Cetacean bycatch is the incidental capture of non-target cetacean species such as dolphins, porpoises, and whales by fisheries.
The Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences (CAFS) (Pinyin: Zhōngguó shuǐchǎn Kēxuéyánjiūyuàn) is a large fisheries research institute.
Coastal fish, also called inshore fish or neritic fish, inhabit the sea between the shoreline and the edge of the continental shelf.
Cod fisheries are fisheries for cod.
The Common Fisheries Policy (CFP) is the fisheries policy of the European Union (EU).
The condition index in fish is a way to measure the overall health of a fish by comparing its weight with the typical weight of other fish of the same kind and of the same length.
The continental shelf is an underwater landmass which extends from a continent, resulting in an area of relatively shallow water known as a shelf sea.
In oceanic biogeochemistry, the continental shelf pump is proposed to operate in the shallow waters of the continental shelves, acting as a mechanism to transport carbon (as either dissolved or particulate material) from surface waters to the interior of the adjacent deep ocean.
Coral reefs are diverse underwater ecosystems held together by calcium carbonate structures secreted by corals.
Coral reef fish are fish which live amongst or in close relation to coral reefs.
Crab fisheries are fisheries which capture or farm crabs.
CSIRO Oceans and Atmosphere (O&A) is one of the current 8 Business Units (formerly: Flagships) of the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO), Australia's largest government-supported science research agency.
Daniel Pauly is a French-born marine biologist, well known for his work in studying human impacts on global fisheries.
A data storage tag (DST), also sometimes known as an archival tag, is a data logger that uses sensors to record data at predetermined intervals.
Dead zones are hypoxic (low-oxygen) areas in the world's oceans and large lakes, caused by "excessive nutrient pollution from human activities coupled with other factors that deplete the oxygen required to support most marine life in bottom and near-bottom water.
The Deep Sea Conservation Coalition (DSCC) is an alliance of over 60 international organizations working to promote the conservation of biodiversity on the high seas.
Defying Ocean's End (DOE) is a global agenda for action in marine conservation compiled in a 2004 Island Press book.
Demersal fish live and feed on or near the bottom of seas or lakes (the demersal zone).
The demersal zone is the part of the sea or ocean (or deep lake) consisting of the part of the water column near to (and significantly affected by) the seabed and the benthos.
Destructive fishing practices are practices that easily result in irreversible damage to aquatic habitats and ecosystems.
Discards are the portion of a catch of fish which is not retained on board during commercial fishing operations and is returned, often dead or dying, to the sea.
Fish are very diverse animals and can be categorised in many ways.
EconMult is a general fleet model to be used in fisheries modelling.
Ecopath with Ecosim (EwE) is a free ecosystem modelling software suite, initially started at NOAA by Jeffrey Polovina, but has since primarily been developed at the UBC Fisheries Centre of the University of British Columbia.
The ecoSCOPE is an optical sensor system, deployed from a small remotely operated vehicle (ROV) or fibre optic cable, to investigate behavior and microdistribution of small organisms in the ocean.
Edward Flanders Robb Ricketts (May 14, 1897 – May 11, 1948) commonly known as Ed Ricketts, was an American marine biologist, ecologist, and philosopher.
An eel ladder is type of fish ladder designed to help eels swim past barriers, such as dams and weirs or even natural barriers, to reach upriver feeding grounds.
The eel is a long, thin bony fish of the order Anguilliformes.
The environmental impact of fishing includes issues such as the availability of fish, overfishing, fisheries, and fisheries management; as well as the impact of fishing on other elements of the environment, such as by-catch.
An estuary is a partially enclosed coastal body of brackish water with one or more rivers or streams flowing into it, and with a free connection to the open sea.
The European Fisheries Control Agency (EFCA) is the agency of the European Union (EU) that co-ordinates the national operational activities in the area of fisheries, and assists the member states in their application of the Common Fisheries Policy (CFP).
In European Union member states, there exists a standard set of minimum landing sizes (MLS) for all major species of finfish and shellfish.
An exclusive economic zone (EEZ) is a sea zone prescribed by the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea over which a state has special rights regarding the exploration and use of marine resources, including energy production from water and wind.
The Federation of Irish Fishermen (FIF) is the umbrella organization for the three main Fish Producing Organizations (FPOs) in Ireland.
Fish are gill-bearing aquatic craniate animals that lack limbs with digits.
Many species of fish are consumed as food in virtually all regions around the world.
Automatic fish counters are automatic devices for measuring the number of fish passing along a particular river in a particular period of time.
Fish farming or pisciculture involves raising fish commercially in tanks or enclosures such as fish ponds, usually for food.
A fish hatchery is a place for artificial breeding, hatching, and rearing through the early life stages of animals—finfish and shellfish in particular.
The term fish kill, known also as fish die-off, refers to a localized die-off of fish populations which may also be associated with more generalized mortality of aquatic life.
A fish ladder, also known as a fishway, fish pass or fish steps, is a structure on or around artificial and natural barriers (such as dams, locks and waterfalls) to facilitate diadromous fishes' natural migration.
Fish measurement is the measuring of the length of individual fish and of various parts of their anatomy.
Many types of fish migrate on a regular basis, on time scales ranging from daily to annually or longer, and over distances ranging from a few metres to thousands of kilometres.
Fish mortality is a parameter used in fisheries population dynamics to account for the loss of fish in a fish stock through death.
A fish screen is designed to prevent fish from swimming or being drawn into an aqueduct, cooling water intake, intake tower, dam or other diversion on a river, lake or waterway where water is taken for human use.
Fish stocks are subpopulations of a particular species of fish, for which intrinsic parameters (growth, recruitment, mortality and fishing mortality) are traditionally regarded as the significant factors determining the stock's population dynamics, while extrinsic factors (immigration and emigration) are traditionally ignored.
Fish stocking is the practice of raising fish in a hatchery and releasing them into a river, lake, or the ocean to supplement existing populations, or to create a population where none exists.
FishBase is a global species database of fish species (specifically finfish).
Fisheries acoustics includes a range of research and practical application topics using acoustical devices as sensors in aquatic environments.
Rising ocean temperatures and ocean acidification are radically altering aquatic ecosystems.
Fisheries management is the activity of protecting fishery resources so sustainable exploitation is possible, drawing on fisheries science, and including the precautionary principle.
A fisheries observer is an independent specialist who serves on board commercial fishing vessels, or in fish processing plants and other platforms, and is employed by a fisheries observer program, either directly by a government agency or by a third party contractor.
Fisheries science is the academic discipline of managing and understanding fisheries.
A fisherman or fisher is someone who captures fish and other animals from a body of water, or gathers shellfish.
The Fishermen's Union Trading Company (F.U.T.C.), a limited liability company, was founded in 1911 to be the commercial arm of the Fishermen's Protective Union (FPU).
Generally, a fishery is an entity engaged in raising or harvesting fish which is determined by some authority to be a fishery.
The Fishery Resources Monitoring System (FIRMS) is a partnership of intergovernmental fisheries organizations that share a wide range of high-quality information on the global monitoring and management of marine fishery resources.
Fishing down the food web is the process whereby fisheries in a given ecosystem, "having depleted the large predatory fish on top of the food web, turn to increasingly smaller species, finally ending up with previously spurned small fish and invertebrates".
The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO; Organisation des Nations unies pour l'alimentation et l'agriculture, Organizzazione delle Nazioni Unite per l'Alimentazione e l'Agricoltura) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that leads international efforts to defeat hunger.
Forage fish, also called prey fish or bait fish, are small pelagic fish which are preyed on by larger predators for food.
A freshwater prawn farm is an aquaculture business designed to raise and produce freshwater prawns or shrimp for human consumption.
Friend of the Sea is a project for the certification and promotion of seafood from sustainable fisheries and sustainable aquaculture.
The Future of Marine Animal Populations (FMAP) project was one of the core projects of the international Census of Marine Life (2000–2010).
The GEOMAR - Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel (GEOMAR), former Leibniz Institute of Marine Sciences (German: Leibniz-Institut für Meereswissenschaften, IFM-GEOMAR), is a research institute in Kiel, Germany.
Prof Georg Ossian Sars HFRSE (20 April 1837 – 9 April 1927) was a Norwegian marine and freshwater biologist.
Global Ocean Ecosystem Dynamics (GLOBEC) is the International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme (IGBP) core project responsible for understanding how global change will affect the abundance, diversity and productivity of marine populations.
Got Mercury? is a public awareness campaign about mercury levels in seafood.
The Great Lakes Fishery Commission is a bi-national commission made up of representatives of the United States and Canada.
Greenpeace is a non-governmental environmental organization with offices in over 39 countries and with an international coordinating body in Amsterdam, the Netherlands.
The Gulf States Marine Fisheries Commission (GSMFC) is an interstate compact among the five U.S. states that border the Gulf of Mexico: Alabama, Florida, Louisiana, Mississippi and Texas.
Harald Rosenthal (born June 9, 1937 in Berlin) is a German hydrobiologist and fisheries scientist known for his work in fish farming, ecology, and international cooperation.
Hirudiculture is the culture, or farming, of leeches in both natural and artificial environments.
Hotspot Ecosystem Research and Man's Impact On European Seas (HERMIONE) is an international multidisciplinary project, started in April 2009, that studies deep-sea ecosystems.
The Humboldt Current, also called the Peru Current, is a cold, low-salinity ocean current that flows north along the western coast of South America.
The Ichthyological Society of Hong Kong (ISHK or HKIS) is a non-profit non-government organization in Hong Kong, for professional studies on ichthyology, biodiversity and promotion of ichthyological knowledge to the public.
Illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing (IUU) is an international issue around the world.
In fishing, incidental catch is that part of the catch which was not originally targeted, but was caught and retained anyway.
Individual fishing quotas (IFQs) also known as "individual transferable quotas" (ITQs) are one kind of catch share, a means by which many governments regulate fishing.
Infectious hypodermal and hematopoietic necrosis (IHHN) is a viral disease of penaeid shrimp that causes mass mortality (up to 90%) among the Western blue shrimp (Penaeus stylirostris) and severe deformations in the Pacific white shrimp (P. vannamei).
Inland saline aquaculture is the farming or culture of aquatic animals and plants using inland (i.e. non-coastal) sources of saline groundwater rather than the more common coastal aquaculture methods.
Integrated multi-trophic aquaculture (IMTA) provides the byproducts, including waste, from one aquatic species as inputs (fertilizers, food) for another.
The International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas (ICCAT) is an intergovernmental organization responsible for the management and conservation of tuna and tuna-like species in the Atlantic Ocean and adjacent seas.
The International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES; Conseil International de l'Exploration de la Mer, CIEM) is the world’s oldest intergovernmental science organization.
International Seafood Sustainability Foundation (ISSF) was formed in 2009 as a global, non-profit partnership among the tuna industry, scientists and World Wide Fund for Nature.
The International Whaling Commission (IWC) is an international body set up by the terms of the International Convention for the Regulation of Whaling (ICRW), which was signed in Washington, D.C., United States, on December 2, 1946 to "provide for the proper conservation of whale stocks and thus make possible the orderly development of the whaling industry".
Intertidal ecology is the study of intertidal ecosystems, where organisms live between the low and high tide lines.
Johan Hjort (18 February 1869, in Christiania – 7 October 1948, in Oslo) was a Norwegian fisheries scientist, marine zoologist, and oceanographer.
Karnataka Veterinary, Animal and Fisheries Sciences University is a public university.
Kelps are large brown algae seaweeds that make up the order Laminariales.
The Kerala University of Fisheries and Ocean Studies (KUFOS) is a university established by government of Kerala devoted to studies in fisheries and ocean sciences.
The krill fishery is the commercial fishery of krill, small shrimp-like marine animals that live in the oceans world-wide.
was formed in 1987 (formerly Kyodo Hogei, since 1976) and is a consolidation of earlier whaling departments of Japanese fisheries.
The Leigh Marine Laboratory is the marine research facility for the University of Auckland in New Zealand.
Leo Margolis, (December 18, 1927 – January 13, 1997) was a Canadian parasitologist.
The littoral zone is the part of a sea, lake or river that is close to the shore.
Lobsters are widely fished around the world for their meat.
Karl Ludwig von Bertalanffy (19 September 1901 – 12 June 1972) was an Austrian biologist known as one of the founders of general systems theory (GST).
The Magnuson–Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act (MSFCMA), commonly referred to as the Magnuson–Stevens Act (MSA), is the legal provision for promoting optimal exploitation of U.S. coastal fisheries.
MAFSU formally notified on 17 November 2000 was established under the State Act No.
Mariculture is a specialized branch of aquaculture involving the cultivation of marine organisms for food and other products in the open ocean, an enclosed section of the ocean, or in tanks, ponds or raceways which are filled with seawater.
Marine biology is the scientific study of marine life, organisms in the sea.
Marine conservation refers to the study of conserving physical and biological marine resources and ecosystem functions.
Marine Conservation Activism refers to the efforts of non-governmental organizations and individuals to bring about social and political change in the area of marine conservation.
The Marine Conservation Alliance (MCA) is a Juneau, Alaska-based coalition of seafood processors, harvesters, support industries and coastal communities that participate in Alaska fisheries.
The marine environment supplies many kinds of habitats that support marine life.
Marine pollution occurs when harmful, or potentially harmful, effects result from the entry into the ocean of chemicals, particles, industrial, agricultural, and residential waste, noise, or the spread of invasive organisms.
Marine protected areas (MPA) are protected areas of seas, oceans, estuaries or large lakes.
A marine reserve is a type of marine protected area that has legal protection against fishing or development.
In the deep ocean, marine snow is a continuous shower of mostly organic detritus falling from the upper layers of the water column.
The Marine Stewardship Council (MSC) is an independent non-profit organization which sets a standard for sustainable fishing.
The match/mismatch hypothesis (MMH) was first described by David Cushing (1969).
Matsyafed, the Kerala State Co-operative Federation for Fisheries Development Ltd., is the Apex Federation of 654 Primary Fisherman Co-operative Societies spread over 10 districts of Kerala, South India There are 332co-operative societies in the Marine sector, 183 in the Inland sector and 131 Women Co-operatives.
In population ecology and economics, maximum sustainable yield or MSY is theoretically, the largest yield (or catch) that can be taken from a species' stock over an indefinite period.
Fish and shellfish concentrate mercury in their bodies, often in the form of methylmercury, a highly toxic organic compound of mercury.
The minimum landing size (MLS) is the smallest fish measurement at which it is legal to keep or sell a fish.
A mixed stock fishery is a fishery whose stock consists of fish that are of a variety of ages, sizes, species, geographic or genetic origins or any combination of these variables.
Monitoring, control and surveillance (MCS), in the context of fisheries, is defined by the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations as a broadening of traditional enforcing national rules over fishing, to the support of the broader problem of fisheries management.
The National Academy of Sciences (NAS) is a United States nonprofit, non-governmental organization.
Founded in 1973 by fishermen, the National Coalition for Marine Conservation (NCMC) is the United States's oldest public advocacy group dedicated exclusively to conserving ocean fish and their environment.
The National Fish Habitat Partnership (NFHP) is an attempt to conserve (protect, restore, enhance) freshwater, estuarine and marine waterways and fisheries in the United States.
The National Fish Hatchery System (NFHS) was established by the U.S. Congress in 1871 through the creation of a U.S. Commissioner for Fish and Fisheries.
The National Fisheries Institute (NFI) is the United States industry trade group representing the seafood industry.
The National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) is a United States federal agency, responsible for the stewardship of national marine resources.
The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA; pronounced, like "Noah") is an American scientific agency within the United States Department of Commerce that focuses on the conditions of the oceans, major waterways, and the atmosphere.
The neritic zone is the relatively shallow part of the ocean above the drop-off of the continental shelf, approximately in depth.
The North American Native Fishes Association (NANFA) is a non-profit, tax-exempt U.S. corporation that serves to bring together professional and amateur aquarists, anglers, fisheries biologists, ichthyologists, fish and wildlife officials, educators and naturalists who share an interest in the conservation, study, and captive husbandry of North America's native fishes.
The North Atlantic Marine Mammal Commission (NAMMCO) is an "international body for co-operation on conservation, management and study of marine mammals in the North Atlantic." The NAMMCO Agreement was signed in Nuuk, Greenland on 9 April 1992 by Norway, Iceland, Greenland, and the Faroe Islands, and entered into force 90 days later on 8 July 1992.
The North Atlantic Salmon Conservation Organization (NASCO) is an international organization established under the Convention for the Conservation of Salmon in the North Atlantic Ocean from 1 October 1983.
The North Pacific Marine Science Organization, also called PICES (referring to the organization's status as a Pacific version of the International Council for the Exploration of the Sea), is an intergovernmental organization that promotes and coordinates marine scientific research in the North Pacific Ocean and provides a mechanism for information and data exchange among scientists in its member countries.
The Northwest Atlantic Fisheries Organization (NAFO) is an intergovernmental organization with a mandate to provide scientific advice and management of fisheries in the northwestern part of the Atlantic Ocean.
Northwest Atlantic Marine Alliance (NAMA) is a non-profit organization that aims to restore and enhance an enduring marine system supporting a healthy diversity and an abundance of marine life and human uses through a self-organizing and self-governing organization.
Ocean Conservancy (founded as The Delta Corporation) is a nonprofit environmental advocacy group based in Washington, D.C., United States.
A fishery is an area with an associated fish or aquatic population which is harvested for its commercial value.
In oceanography, a gyre is any large system of circulating ocean currents, particularly those involved with large wind movements.
The Ocean Surface Topography Mission (OSTM) on the Jason-2 satellite is an international Earth observation satellite mission that continues the sea surface height measurements begun in 1992 by the joint NASA/CNES TOPEX/Poseidon mission and followed by the NASA/CNES Jason-1 mission launched in 2001.
Oceana is the largest international ocean conservation and advocacy organization.
Otolith microchemical analysis is a technique used in fisheries management and fisheries biology to delineate stocks and characterize movements, and natal origin of fish.
An outline, also called a hierarchical outline, is a list arranged to show hierarchical relationships and is a type of tree structure.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to fishing: Fishing – activity of trying to catch fish.
Overfishing is the removal of a species of fish from a body of water at a rate that the species cannot replenish in time, resulting in those species either becoming depleted or very underpopulated in that given area.
Oyster farming is an aquaculture (or mariculture) practice in which oysters are raised for human consumption.
The Pacific Whiting Conservation Cooperative (PWCC) is a harvest and research cooperative formed by three companies that participate in the catcher/processor sector of the Pacific whiting (Merluccius productus) fishery – American Seafoods, Glacier Fish Company, and Trident Seafoods.
Pelagic fish live in the pelagic zone of ocean or lake waters – being neither close to the bottom nor near the shore – in contrast with demersal fish, which do live on or near the bottom, and reef fish, which are associated with coral reefs.
The pelagic zone consists of the water column of the open ocean, and can be further divided into regions by depth.
A fishery is an area with an associated fish or aquatic population which is harvested for its commercial or recreational value.
PROFISH is a global program on sustainable fisheries established by the World Bank in 2005.
A raceway, also known as a flow-through system, is an artificial channel used in aquaculture to culture aquatic organisms.
Red tide is a common name for a worldwide phenomenon known as an algal bloom (large concentrations of aquatic microorganisms—protozoans or unicellular algae) when it is caused by species of dinoflagellates and other organisms.
A regional fisheries management organisation (RFMO), sometimes called regional fisheries organisation (RFO), or regional fishery body (RFB) is a type of international organization that is dedicated to the sustainable management of fishery resources in a particular region of international waters, or of highly migratory species.
The survival of wild salmon relies heavily on them having suitable habitat for spawning and rearing of their young.
Fishermen capture running salmon with netsbefore tagging and releasing them --> The salmon run is the time when salmon, which have migrated from the ocean, swim to the upper reaches of rivers where they spawn on gravel beds.
The sardine run of southern Africa occurs from May through July when billions of sardines – or more specifically the Southern African pilchard Sardinops sagax – spawn in the cool waters of the Agulhas Bank and move northward along the east coast of South Africa.
The Sea Around Us is an international research initiative and a member of the Global Fisheries Cluster at the University of British Columbia.
A sea louse (plural sea lice), often confused with sea fleas, is a member of a family of copepods (small crustaceans) within the order Siphonostomatoida, the Caligidae.
The Sea Shepherd Conservation Society (SSCS) is a non-profit, marine conservation organization based in Friday Harbor on San Juan Island, Washington, in the United States.
SeaChoice is a program of Sustainable Seafood Canada that uses the Monterey Bay Aquarium Seafood Watch recommendations to raise consumer awareness about the importance of buying seafood from sustainable sources.
The Seafood Choices Alliance is a program of the nonprofit ocean conservation organization, SeaWeb.
Seafood Watch is one of the best known sustainable seafood advisory lists, and has influenced similar programs around the world.
A seamount is a mountain rising from the ocean seafloor that does not reach to the water's surface (sea level), and thus is not an island, islet or cliff-rock.
SeaWeb is a nonprofit ocean conservation organization.
Shark finning is the act of removing fins from sharks, often while the shark is alive.
A shark sanctuary is an area that forbids commercial fishing operations from targeting and retaining caught sharks, including their fins.
The Shellfish Association of Great Britain (SAGB) is a historic association that was founded as the Oyster Merchants’ and Planters’ Association in 1903, it was renamed the SAGB in 1969.
A shifting baseline (also known as sliding baseline) is a type of change to how a system is measured, usually against previous reference points (baselines), which themselves may represent significant changes from an even earlier state of the system.
In biology, any group of fish that stay together for social reasons are shoaling (pronounced), and if the group is swimming in the same direction in a coordinated manner, they are schooling (pronounced). In common usage, the terms are sometimes used rather loosely.
Shrimp farming is an aquaculture business that exists in either a marine or freshwater environment, producing shrimp or prawns (crustaceans of the groups Caridea or Dendrobranchiata) for human consumption.
The shrimp fishery is a major global industry, with more than 3.4 million tons caught per year, chiefly in Asia.
The South East Atlantic Fisheries Organisation (SEAFO) is an organization that maintains controls over fishing and fishing related acts in the Southeastern Atlantic Ocean.
Stock assessments provide fisheries managers with the information that is used in the regulation of a fish stock.
A conventional idea of a sustainable fishery is that it is one that is harvested at a sustainable rate, where the fish population does not decline over time because of fishing practices.
Sustainable seafood is seafood that is either caught or farmed in ways that consider the long-term vitality of harvested species and the well-being of the oceans, as well as the livelihoods of fisheries-dependent communities.
Tailwater refers to waters located immediately downstream from a hydraulic structure, such as a dam (excluding minimum release such as for fish water), bridge or culvert.
Taura syndrome is one of the more devastating diseases affecting the shrimp farming industry worldwide.
The End of the Line: How Overfishing Is Changing the World and What We Eat is a book by journalist Charles Clover about overfishing.
The Sunken Billions is a study jointly published in 2008 by the World Bank and by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO).
Tore Schweder (born 16 January 1943) is a Norwegian statistician and is a professor at the Department of Economics and at the Centre for Ecology and Evolutionary Synthesis at the University of Oslo.
Trophic cascades are powerful indirect interactions that can control entire ecosystems, occurring when predators in a food web suppress the abundance or alter the behavior of their prey, thereby releasing the next lower trophic level from predation (or herbivory if the intermediate trophic level is a herbivore).
The trophic level of an organism is the position it occupies in a food chain.
A turtle excluder device or TED is a specialized device that allows a captured sea turtle to escape when caught in a fisherman's net.
The eight U.S. regional fishery management councils are the primary forums for developing conservation and management measures for U.S. marine fisheries.
The UBC Fisheries Centre or UBC Institute for the Oceans and Fisheries (IOF) is a research institute at the University of British Columbia.
Upwelling is an oceanographic phenomenon that involves wind-driven motion of dense, cooler, and usually nutrient-rich water towards the ocean surface, replacing the warmer, usually nutrient-depleted surface water.
Vessel Monitoring Systems (VMS) is a general term to describe systems that are used in commercial fishing to allow environmental and fisheries regulatory organizations to track and monitor the activities of fishing vessels.
Walther Herwig (February 25, 1838, Bad Arolsen, Waldeck – December 16, 1912) was a Prussian administrative lawyer, and the founder of the German fisheries science.
A water column is a conceptual column of water from the surface of a sea, river or lake to the bottom sediment.
The West Bengal University of Animal & Fishery Sciences was established on January 2, 1995 by a Legislative Act (West Bengal University of Animal & Fishery Science Act-VI,1995).
The Western and Central Pacific Fisheries Commission (WCPFC) is a treaty-based organisation established to conserve and manage tuna and other highly migratory fish stocks across the western and central areas of the Pacific Ocean Its full name is Commission for the Conservation and Management of Highly Migratory Fish Stocks in the Western and Central Pacific Ocean.
White spot syndrome virus (WSSV) is the lone virus (and type species) of the genus Whispovirus (white spot), which is the only genus in the family Nimaviridae.
A fishery is an area with an associated fish or aquatic population which is harvested for its commercial value.
Work in Fishing Convention (2007) C 188, was adopted at the 96th International Labour Conference (ILC) of the International Labour Organization ILO in 2007.
World Oceans Day takes place every 8 June.
WorldFish is an international, nonprofit research organization with headquarters in Penang, Malaysia, and offices in Asia, Africa, and the Pacific.
The Worshipful Company of Fishmongers (or Fishmongers' Company) is one of the 110 Livery Companies of the City of London, being an incorporated guild of sellers of fish and seafood in the City.
The Yakima Klickitat Fisheries Project (YKFP) is a salmon supplementation project in the Yakima and Klickitat river basins in Washington State designed to use artificial propagation in an attempt to maintain or increase natural production while maintaining long-term fitness of the target population and keeping ecological and genetic impacts to non-target species within specified limits.
Yellowhead disease (YHD) is a viral infection of shrimp and prawn, in particular of the giant tiger prawn (Penaeus monodon), one of the two major species of farmed shrimp.