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Outline of forensic science

Index Outline of forensic science

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to forensic science: Forensic science – application of a broad spectrum of sciences to answer questions of interest to a legal system. [1]

151 relations: American Academy of Forensic Sciences, Ammunition, Archaeology, Association of Firearm and Tool Mark Examiners, Astronomy, Audio forensics, Auguste Ambroise Tardieu, Autopsy (TV series), Ballistic impact, Ballistics, Barbary macaque, BBC News, Bernard Spilsbury, Biological anthropology, Biology, Biometrics, Bloodstain pattern analysis, Body identification, Bullet, Calling card (crime), Canadian Identification Society, Chemistry, Clea Koff, Clyde Snow, Competence (law), Computational criminology, Computer forensics, Controlled substance, Conviction, Crime, Crime lab, Crime scene, CSI (comics), CSI (franchise), CSI (novels), CSI (video games), CSI effect, CSI: Crime Scene Investigation, CSI: Miami, CSI: NY, CSI: Trilogy, Cyril Wecht, Data remanence, Database forensics, Detection of fire accelerants, Diatom, Dick Tracy, Digital footprint, Digital forensics, Diplomatics, ..., DNA paternity testing, DNA phenotyping, DNA profiling, Drug harmfulness, Edmond Locard, Ellis R. Kerley, Entomological evidence collection, Fingerprint, Fire investigation, Firearm, Footprint, Forensic accounting, Forensic anthropology, Forensic arts, Forensic astronomy, Forensic biology, Forensic chemistry, Forensic data analysis, Forensic dentistry, Forensic economics, Forensic electrical engineering, Forensic engineering, Forensic entomology, Forensic epidemiology, Forensic facial reconstruction, Forensic Files, Forensic firearm examination, Forensic footwear evidence, Forensic geology, Forensic identification, Forensic limnology, Forensic linguistics, Forensic materials engineering, Forensic meteorology, Forensic palynology, Forensic pathology, Forensic photography, Forensic podiatry, Forensic polymer engineering, Forensic profiling, Forensic psychiatry, Forensic psychology, Forensic psychotherapy, Forensic science, Forensic seismology, Forensic serology, Forensic social work, Forensic statistics, Forensic tire tread evidence, Forensic toxicology, Forensic video analysis, Forensics in antiquity, Fractography, Gas chromatography–mass spectrometry, Glove prints, Gunshot residue, HBO, Heinrich von Staden (historian), Henry Lee (forensic scientist), Identification (biology), Joseph Bell, Keith Simpson (pathologist), List of national legal systems, Mathematics, Medical jurisprudence, Medicine, Michael Baden, Michael J. Saks, Michigan State University, Mobile device forensics, Network forensics, New England Law Review, Osteology, Outline (list), Palm print, Pathology, Paul L. Kirk, Paul Uhlenhuth, Perry Mason syndrome, Philip Lutgendorf, Physics, Physiology, Poison, Pollen calendar, Questioned document examination, Rape investigation, Retrospective diagnosis, Sara C. Bisel, Science, Sherlock Holmes, Skeletonization, Skid mark, Social science, Statement analysis, Trace evidence, Traffic collision reconstruction, Use of DNA in forensic entomology, Vein matching, William M. Bass, William R. Maples, Wilton M. Krogman. Expand index (101 more) »

American Academy of Forensic Sciences

The American Academy of Forensic Sciences (AAFS) is a society for forensics professionals, founded in 1948.

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Ammunition

Ammunition (informally ammo) is the material fired, scattered, dropped or detonated from any weapon.

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Archaeology

Archaeology, or archeology, is the study of humanactivity through the recovery and analysis of material culture.

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Association of Firearm and Tool Mark Examiners

The Association of Firearm and Tool Mark Examiners (AFTE) is an international non-profit organization dedicated to the advancement of firearm and tool mark identification, which is one of the forensic sciences.

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Astronomy

Astronomy (from ἀστρονομία) is a natural science that studies celestial objects and phenomena.

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Audio forensics

Audio forensics is the field of forensic science relating to the acquisition, analysis, and evaluation of sound recordings that may ultimately be presented as admissible evidence in a court of law or some other official venue.

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Auguste Ambroise Tardieu

Auguste Ambroise Tardieu (10 March 1818 – 12 January 1879) was a French medical doctor and the pre-eminent forensic medical scientist of the mid-19th century.

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Autopsy (TV series)

Autopsy is a television series of HBO's America Undercover documentary series.

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Ballistic impact

Ballistic impact is a high velocity impact by a small mass object, analogous to runway debris or small arms fire.

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Ballistics

Ballistics is the field of mechanics that deals with the launching, flight, behavior, and effects of projectiles, especially bullets, unguided bombs, rockets, or the like; the science or art of designing and accelerating projectiles so as to achieve a desired performance.

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Barbary macaque

The Barbary macaque (Macaca sylvanus), also known as Barbary ape or magot, is a species of macaque unique for its distribution outside Asia.

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BBC News

BBC News is an operational business division of the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) responsible for the gathering and broadcasting of news and current affairs.

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Bernard Spilsbury

Sir Bernard Henry Spilsbury (16 May 1877 – 17 December 1947) was a British pathologist.

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Biological anthropology

Biological anthropology, also known as physical anthropology, is a scientific discipline concerned with the biological and behavioral aspects of human beings, their related non-human primates and their extinct hominin ancestors.

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Biology

Biology is the natural science that studies life and living organisms, including their physical structure, chemical composition, function, development and evolution.

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Biometrics

Biometrics is the technical term for body measurements and calculations.

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Bloodstain pattern analysis

Bloodstain Pattern Analysis (BPA), one of several specialties in the field of forensic science, involves the study and analysis of bloodstains at a known or suspected violent crime scene with the goal of helping investigators draw conclusions about the nature, timing and other details of the crime.

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Body identification

Body identification is a subfield of forensic science wherein investigators need to identify a body.

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Bullet

A bullet is a kinetic projectile and the component of firearm ammunition that is expelled from the gun barrel during shooting.

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Calling card (crime)

A kill card is a particular object sometimes left behind by a criminal at a scene of a crime, often as a way of taunting police or obliquely claiming responsibility.

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Canadian Identification Society

The Canadian Identification Society (CIS) is a bilingual (English- French) professional non-for-profit fellowship of police officers and civilian members who share interests and employment in crime scene investigation.

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Chemistry

Chemistry is the scientific discipline involved with compounds composed of atoms, i.e. elements, and molecules, i.e. combinations of atoms: their composition, structure, properties, behavior and the changes they undergo during a reaction with other compounds.

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Clea Koff

Clea Koff (born 1972) is a British-born American forensic anthropologist and author who worked several years for the United Nations International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR; 2 missions) and the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (5 missions) in Rwanda, Bosnia, Croatia, Serbia, and in 2000 in Kosovo.

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Clyde Snow

Clyde Snow (January 7, 1928 – May 16, 2014) was a well-known U.S. forensic anthropologist.

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Competence (law)

In United States law, competence concerns the mental capacity of an individual to participate in legal proceedings or transactions, and the mental condition a person must have to be responsible for his or her decisions or acts.

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Computational criminology

Computational criminology is an interdisciplinary field which uses computing science methods to formally define criminology concepts, improve our understanding of complex phenomena, and generate solutions for related problems.

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Computer forensics

Computer forensics (also known as computer forensic science) is a branch of digital forensic science pertaining to evidence found in computers and digital storage media.

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Controlled substance

A controlled substance is generally a drug or chemical whose manufacture, possession, or use is regulated by a government, such as illicitly used drugs or prescription medications that are designated a Controlled Drug in the United Kingdom.

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Conviction

In law, a conviction is the verdict that usually results when a court of law finds a defendant guilty of a crime.

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Crime

In ordinary language, a crime is an unlawful act punishable by a state or other authority.

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Crime lab

A crime laboratory - often shortened to crime lab - is a scientific laboratory, using primarily forensic science for the purpose of examining evidence from criminal cases.

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Crime scene

A crime scene is any location that may be associated with a committed crime.

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CSI (comics)

The CSI comics are comic book tie-ins with the CSI: Crime Scene Investigation, CSI: Miami and CSI: NY television shows.

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CSI (franchise)

CSI is a media franchise of American television programs created by Anthony E. Zuiker.

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CSI (novels)

The CSI novels are novels that tie-in with the CSI: Crime Scene Investigation, CSI: Miami, and CSI: NY television shows.

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CSI (video games)

The ''CSI'' franchise has been the basis of a number of video games.

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CSI effect

The CSI effect, also known as the CSI syndrome and the CSI infection, is any of several ways in which the exaggerated portrayal of forensic science on crime television shows such as CSI: Crime Scene Investigation influences public perception.

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CSI: Crime Scene Investigation

CSI: Crime Scene Investigation, also referred to as CSI and CSI: Las Vegas, is an American procedural forensics crime drama television series which ran on CBS from October 6, 2000, to September 27, 2015, spanning 15 seasons.

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CSI: Miami

CSI: Miami (Crime Scene Investigation: Miami) is an American police procedural drama television series that premiered on September 23, 2002, on CBS.

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CSI: NY

CSI: NY (Crime Scene Investigation: New York, stylized as CSI: NY/Crime Scene Investigation) is an American police procedural television series that ran on CBS from September 22, 2004, to February 22, 2013, for a total of nine seasons and 197 original episodes.

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CSI: Trilogy

The CSI: Trilogy links all three CSI television shows for the very first time in a three-part story.

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Cyril Wecht

Cyril Harrison Wecht (born March 20, 1931) is an American forensic pathologist.

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Data remanence

Data remanence is the residual representation of digital data that remains even after attempts have been made to remove or erase the data.

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Database forensics

Database forensics is a branch of digital forensic science relating to the forensic study of databases and their related metadata.

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Detection of fire accelerants

Detection of fire accelerants is the process that a fire investigator uses to determine if fire accelerants were used at a fire scene.

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Diatom

Diatoms (diá-tom-os "cut in half", from diá, "through" or "apart"; and the root of tém-n-ō, "I cut".) are a major group of microorganisms found in the oceans, waterways and soils of the world.

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Dick Tracy

Dick Tracy is an American comic strip featuring Dick Tracy (originally Plainclothes Tracy), a tough and intelligent police detective created by Chester Gould.

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Digital footprint

Digital footprint or digital shadow refers to one's unique set of traceable digital activities, actions, contributions and communications that are manifested on the Internet or on digital devices.

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Digital forensics

Digital forensics (sometimes known as digital forensic science) is a branch of forensic science encompassing the recovery and investigation of material found in digital devices, often in relation to computer crime.

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Diplomatics

Diplomatics (in American English, and in most anglophone countries), or diplomatic (in British English), is a scholarly discipline centred on the critical analysis of documents: especially, historical documents.

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DNA paternity testing

DNA paternity testing is the use of DNA profiling (known as genetic fingerprinting) to determine whether two individuals are biologically parent and child.

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DNA phenotyping

DNA phenotyping (noing) is the process of predicting an organism’s phenotype using only genetic information collected from genotyping or DNA sequencing.

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DNA profiling

DNA profiling (also called DNA fingerprinting, DNA testing, or DNA typing) is the process of determining an individual's DNA characteristics, which are as unique as fingerprints.

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Drug harmfulness

Drug harmfulness is the degree to which a psychoactive drug is harmful to a user and is measured in various ways, such as by addictiveness and the potential for physical harm.

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Edmond Locard

Dr.

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Ellis R. Kerley

Ellis R. Kerley (September 1, 1924 – September 3, 1998) was an American anthropologist, and pioneer in the field of Forensic anthropology, which is a field of expertise particularly useful to criminal investigators and for the identification of human remains for humanitarian purposes.

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Entomological evidence collection

Entomological evidence collection is the process of collecting evidence based on insect clues used in criminal investigations.

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Fingerprint

A fingerprint in its narrow sense is an impression left by the friction ridges of a human finger.

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Fire investigation

Fire investigation, sometimes referred to as origin and cause investigation, is the analysis of fire-related incidents.

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Firearm

A firearm is a portable gun (a barreled ranged weapon) that inflicts damage on targets by launching one or more projectiles driven by rapidly expanding high-pressure gas produced by exothermic combustion (deflagration) of propellant within an ammunition cartridge.

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Footprint

Footprints are the impressions or images left behind by a person walking or running.

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Forensic accounting

Forensic accounting, forensic accountancy or financial forensics is the specialty practice area of accounting that describes engagements that result from actual or anticipated disputes or litigation.

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Forensic anthropology

Forensic anthropology is the application of the anatomical science of anthropology and its various subfields, including forensic archaeology and forensic taphonomy, in a legal setting.

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Forensic arts

Forensic art is any art used in law enforcement or legal proceedings.

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Forensic astronomy

Forensic astronomy is the use of astronomy, the scientific study of celestial objects, to determine the appearance of the sky at specific times in the past.

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Forensic biology

Forensic biology is the application of biology to law enforcement.

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Forensic chemistry

Forensic chemistry is the application of chemistry and its subfield, forensic toxicology, in a legal setting.

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Forensic data analysis

Forensic Data Analysis (FDA) is a branch of Digital forensics.

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Forensic dentistry

Forensic dentistry or forensic odontology is the application of dental knowledge to those criminal and civil laws that are enforced by police agencies in a criminal justice system.

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Forensic economics

Forensic Economics as defined by the National Association of Forensic Economics is the scientific discipline that applies economic theories and methods to matters within a legal framework.

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Forensic electrical engineering

Forensic electrical engineering is a branch of forensic engineering, and is concerned with investigating electrical failures and accidents in a legal context.

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Forensic engineering

Forensic engineering has been defined as "the investigation of failures - ranging from serviceability to catastrophic - which may lead to legal activity, including both civil and criminal". It therefore includes the investigation of materials, products, structures or components that fail or do not operate or function as intended, causing personal injury, damage to property or economic loss.

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Forensic entomology

Forensic entomology is the scientific study of the invasion of the succession pattern of arthropods with their developmental stages of different species found on the decomposed cadavers during legal investigations.

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Forensic epidemiology

The discipline of forensic epidemiology (FE) is a hybrid of principles and practices common to both forensic medicine and epidemiology.

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Forensic facial reconstruction

Forensic facial reconstruction (or forensic facial approximation) is the process of recreating the face of an individual (whose identity is often not known) from their skeletal remains through an amalgamation of artistry, anthropology, osteology, and anatomy.

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Forensic Files

Forensic Files is an American documentary-style series that reveals how forensic science is used to solve violent crimes, mysterious accidents, and outbreaks of illness.

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Forensic firearm examination

Forensic firearm examination is the forensic process of examining the characteristics of firearms as well as any cartridges or bullets left behind at a crime scene.

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Forensic footwear evidence

Forensic footwear evidence can be used in legal proceedings to help prove that a shoe was at a crime scene.

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Forensic geology

Forensic geology is the study of evidence relating to minerals, oil, petroleum, and other materials found in the Earth, used to answer questions raised by the legal system.

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Forensic identification

Forensic identification is the application of forensic science, or "forensics", and technology to identify specific objects from the trace evidence they leave, often at a crime scene or the scene of an accident.

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Forensic limnology

Forensic limnology is a sub-field of forensic botany, which examines the presence of diatoms in crime scene samples and victims.

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Forensic linguistics

Forensic linguistics, legal linguistics, or language and the law, is the application of linguistic knowledge, methods and insights to the forensic context of law, language, crime investigation, trial, and judicial procedure.

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Forensic materials engineering

Forensic materials engineering, a branch of forensic engineering, focuses on the material evidence from crime or accident scenes, seeking defects in those materials which might explain why an accident occurred, or the source of a specific material to identify a criminal.

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Forensic meteorology

Forensic meteorology is meteorology, the scientific study of weather, applied to the process of reconstructing weather events for a certain time and location.

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Forensic palynology

Forensic palynology is the study of pollen, spores and other acid-resistant microscopic plant bodies, including dinoflagellates, to prove or disprove a relationship between objects, people and places that pertain to both criminal and civil cases.

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Forensic pathology

Forensic pathology is pathology that focuses on determining the cause of death by examining a corpse.

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Forensic photography

Forensic photography, also referred to as crime scene photography, is an activity that records the initial appearance of the crime scene and physical evidence, in order to provide a permanent record for the courts.

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Forensic podiatry

Forensic Podiatry is a subdiscipline of forensic science in which specialized podiatric knowledge including foot and lower limb anatomy, musculoskeletal function, deformities and diseases of the foot, ankle, lower extremities, and at times, the entire human body is used in the examination of foot-related evidence in the context of a criminal investigation.

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Forensic polymer engineering

Forensic polymer engineering is the study of failure in polymeric products.

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Forensic profiling

Forensic profiling is the study of trace evidence in order to develop information which can be used by police authorities.

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Forensic psychiatry

Forensic psychiatry is a sub-speciality of psychiatry and is related to criminology.

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Forensic psychology

Forensic psychology is the intersection between psychology and the justice system.

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Forensic psychotherapy

Forensic psychotherapy is the application of psychological knowledge to the treatment of offender-patients who commit violent acts against themselves or others.

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Forensic science

Forensic science is the application of science to criminal and civil laws, mainly—on the criminal side—during criminal investigation, as governed by the legal standards of admissible evidence and criminal procedure.

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Forensic seismology

Forensic seismology is the forensic use of the techniques of seismology to detect and study distant phenomena, particularly explosions, including those of nuclear weapons.

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Forensic serology

Forensic serology is the detection, classification and study of various bodily fluids such as blood, semen, fecal matter and perspiration, and their relationship to a crime scene.

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Forensic social work

Forensic social work is the application of social work to questions and issues relating to law and legal systems.

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Forensic statistics

Forensic statistics is the application of probability models and statistical techniques to scientific evidence, such as DNA evidence, and the law.

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Forensic tire tread evidence

Forensic tire tread evidence records and analyzes impressions of vehicle tire treads for use in legal proceedings to help prove the identities of persons at a crime scene.

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Forensic toxicology

Forensic toxicology is the use of toxicology and other disciplines such as analytical chemistry, pharmacology and clinical chemistry to aid medical or legal investigation of death, poisoning, and drug use.

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Forensic video analysis

Forensic video analysis is the scientific examination, comparison and/or evaluation of video in legal matters.

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Forensics in antiquity

The ancient world lacked standardized practices of forensic science, which aided criminals in escaping punishment.

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Fractography

Fractography is the study of the fracture surfaces of materials.

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Gas chromatography–mass spectrometry

Gas chromatography–mass spectrometry (GC-MS) is an analytical method that combines the features of gas-chromatography and mass spectrometry to identify different substances within a test sample.

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Glove prints

Glove prints, also sometimes described as gloveprints or glove marks, are latent, fingerprint-like impressions that are transferred to a surface or object by an individual who is wearing gloves.

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Gunshot residue

Gunshot residue (GSR), also known as cartridge discharge residue (CDR), "gunfire residue" (GFR), or firearm discharge residue (FDR), is residue deposited on the hands and clothes of someone who discharges a firearm.

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HBO

Home Box Office (HBO) is an American premium cable and satellite television network of Home Box Office, Inc..

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Heinrich von Staden (historian)

Heinrich von Staden (born 1939) is a South African historian and classical scholar who has written several books and hundreds of articles and encyclopedia entries on ancient medicine, ancient philosophy, the history of science, and comparative literature.

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Henry Lee (forensic scientist)

Henry Chang-Yu Lee (born 22 November 1938), is a Taiwanese American forensic scientist.

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Identification (biology)

Identification in biology is the process of assigning a pre-existing taxon name to an individual organism.

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Joseph Bell

Joseph Bell FRCSE (2 December 1837 – 4 October 1911) was a Scottish surgeon and lecturer at the medical school of the University of Edinburgh in the 19th century.

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Keith Simpson (pathologist)

Cedric Keith Simpson, CBE, FRCP, FRCPath, (20 July 1907 – 21 July 1985) was an English forensic pathologist.

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List of national legal systems

The contemporary legal systems of the world are generally based on one of four basic systems: civil law, common law, statutory law, religious law or combinations of these.

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Mathematics

Mathematics (from Greek μάθημα máthēma, "knowledge, study, learning") is the study of such topics as quantity, structure, space, and change.

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Medical jurisprudence

Medical jurisprudence or legal medicine is the branch of science and medicine involving the study and application of scientific and medical knowledge to legal problems, such as inquests, and in the field of law.

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Medicine

Medicine is the science and practice of the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease.

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Michael Baden

Michael M. Baden (born July 27, 1934) is an American physician and board-certified forensic pathologist known for his work investigating high-profile deaths and as the host of HBO's Autopsy.

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Michael J. Saks

Michael J. Saks is a professor of law at the Sandra Day O'Connor College of Law at Arizona State University; he holds a secondary appointment in the department of psychology.

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Michigan State University

Michigan State University (MSU) is a public research university in East Lansing, Michigan, United States.

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Mobile device forensics

Mobile device forensics is a branch of digital forensics relating to recovery of digital evidence or data from a mobile device under forensically sound conditions.

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Network forensics

Network forensics is a sub-branch of digital forensics relating to the monitoring and analysis of computer network traffic for the purposes of information gathering, legal evidence, or intrusion detection.

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New England Law Review

The New England Law Review is a law review that was established in 1965 as the Portia Law Journal.

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Osteology

Osteology is the scientific study of bones, practiced by osteologists.

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Outline (list)

An outline, also called a hierarchical outline, is a list arranged to show hierarchical relationships and is a type of tree structure.

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Palm print

A palm print refers to an image acquired of the palm region of the hand.

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Pathology

Pathology (from the Ancient Greek roots of pathos (πάθος), meaning "experience" or "suffering" and -logia (-λογία), "study of") is a significant field in modern medical diagnosis and medical research, concerned mainly with the causal study of disease, whether caused by pathogens or non-infectious physiological disorder.

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Paul L. Kirk

Paul Leland Kirk (May 9, 1902 – June 5, 1970) was a chemist, forensic scientist and participant in the Manhattan Project who was specialized in microscopy.

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Paul Uhlenhuth

Paul Theodor Uhlenhuth (7 January 1870 in Hanover – 13 December 1957 in Freiburg im Breisgau) was a German bacteriologist and immunologist, and Professor at the University of Strasbourg (1911–1918), at the University of Marburg (1918–1923) and at the University of Freiburg (1923–1936).

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Perry Mason syndrome

The Perry Mason syndrome is the manner in which the television crime drama Perry Mason (1957–1966) may have affected perceptions of the United States legal system among defendants and jurors.

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Philip Lutgendorf

Philip Lutgendorf is an American Indologist.

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Physics

Physics (from knowledge of nature, from φύσις phýsis "nature") is the natural science that studies matterAt the start of The Feynman Lectures on Physics, Richard Feynman offers the atomic hypothesis as the single most prolific scientific concept: "If, in some cataclysm, all scientific knowledge were to be destroyed one sentence what statement would contain the most information in the fewest words? I believe it is that all things are made up of atoms – little particles that move around in perpetual motion, attracting each other when they are a little distance apart, but repelling upon being squeezed into one another..." and its motion and behavior through space and time and that studies the related entities of energy and force."Physical science is that department of knowledge which relates to the order of nature, or, in other words, to the regular succession of events." Physics is one of the most fundamental scientific disciplines, and its main goal is to understand how the universe behaves."Physics is one of the most fundamental of the sciences. Scientists of all disciplines use the ideas of physics, including chemists who study the structure of molecules, paleontologists who try to reconstruct how dinosaurs walked, and climatologists who study how human activities affect the atmosphere and oceans. Physics is also the foundation of all engineering and technology. No engineer could design a flat-screen TV, an interplanetary spacecraft, or even a better mousetrap without first understanding the basic laws of physics. (...) You will come to see physics as a towering achievement of the human intellect in its quest to understand our world and ourselves."Physics is an experimental science. Physicists observe the phenomena of nature and try to find patterns that relate these phenomena.""Physics is the study of your world and the world and universe around you." Physics is one of the oldest academic disciplines and, through its inclusion of astronomy, perhaps the oldest. Over the last two millennia, physics, chemistry, biology, and certain branches of mathematics were a part of natural philosophy, but during the scientific revolution in the 17th century, these natural sciences emerged as unique research endeavors in their own right. Physics intersects with many interdisciplinary areas of research, such as biophysics and quantum chemistry, and the boundaries of physics are not rigidly defined. New ideas in physics often explain the fundamental mechanisms studied by other sciences and suggest new avenues of research in academic disciplines such as mathematics and philosophy. Advances in physics often enable advances in new technologies. For example, advances in the understanding of electromagnetism and nuclear physics led directly to the development of new products that have dramatically transformed modern-day society, such as television, computers, domestic appliances, and nuclear weapons; advances in thermodynamics led to the development of industrialization; and advances in mechanics inspired the development of calculus.

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Physiology

Physiology is the scientific study of normal mechanisms, and their interactions, which work within a living system.

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Poison

In biology, poisons are substances that cause disturbances in organisms, usually by chemical reaction or other activity on the molecular scale, when an organism absorbs a sufficient quantity.

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Pollen calendar

A pollen calendar is used to show the peak pollen times for different types of plant pollen, which causes allergic reactions in certain people.

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Questioned document examination

In forensic science, questioned document examination (QDE) is the examination of documents potentially disputed in a court of law.

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Rape investigation

Rape investigation is the procedure to gather facts about a suspected rape, including forensic identification of a perpetrator, type of rape and other details.

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Retrospective diagnosis

A retrospective diagnosis (also retrodiagnosis or posthumous diagnosis) is the practice of identifying an illness after the death of the patient (sometimes in a historical figure) using modern knowledge, methods and disease classifications.

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Sara C. Bisel

Dr.

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Science

R. P. Feynman, The Feynman Lectures on Physics, Vol.1, Chaps.1,2,&3.

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Sherlock Holmes

Sherlock Holmes is a fictional private detective created by British author Sir Arthur Conan Doyle.

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Skeletonization

Skeletonization refers to the final stage of decomposition, during which the last vestiges of the soft tissues of a corpse or carcass have decayed or dried to the point that the skeleton is exposed.

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Skid mark

A skid mark is the visible mark left by any solid which moves against another, and is an important aspect of trace evidence analysis in forensic science and forensic engineering.

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Social science

Social science is a major category of academic disciplines, concerned with society and the relationships among individuals within a society.

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Statement analysis

Statement analysis, also called investigative discourse analysis and scientific content analysis (SCAN), is a technique for analyzing the words people use to try to determine if what they said is accurate.

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Trace evidence

Trace evidence is created when objects make contact.

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Traffic collision reconstruction

Vehicular accident reconstruction is the scientific process of investigating, analyzing, and drawing conclusions about the causes and events during a vehicle collision.

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Use of DNA in forensic entomology

Use of DNA in forensic entomology refers to the focus in forensics on one of the three aspects of forensic entomology.

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Vein matching

Vein matching, also called vascular technology, is a technique of biometric identification through the analysis of the patterns of blood vessels visible from the surface of the skin.

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William M. Bass

William Marvin Bass III (born August 30, 1928) is an American forensic anthropologist, best known for his research on human osteology and human decomposition.

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William R. Maples

William Ross Maples, Ph.D. (1937–1997) was a noted forensic anthropologist working at the C.A. Pound Human Identification Laboratory at the Florida Museum of Natural History.

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Wilton M. Krogman

Wilton Marion Krogman (June 28, 1903 – November 4, 1987) was an American anthropologist.

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References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Outline_of_forensic_science

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