170 relations: Alan Cox, Alternative terms for free software, Andrew Tridgell, Android (operating system), Apache License, Apache Software Foundation, AROS Research Operating System, Artistic License, Basic For Qt, Beerware, Berkeley Software Distribution, Binary blob, Blender Foundation, Bob Scheifler, Boost (C++ libraries), Bram Moolenaar, Brian Behlendorf, Brian Paul, Bruce Perens, BSD licenses, Comparison of free and open-source software licenses, Comparison of free geophysics software, Comparison of free off-line satellite navigation software, Comparison of free software for audio, Comparison of open-source and closed-source software, Comparison of open-source operating systems, Comparison of open-source wireless drivers, Comparison of source code hosting facilities, Contributor License Agreement, Copyleft, Creative Commons license, Darwin (operating system), David A. Wheeler, Debian Free Software Guidelines, Debian Social Contract, Definition of Free Cultural Works, Digital rights management, Eben Moglen, Eclipse (software), Eclipse Foundation, ECos, Eric Allman, Eric S. Raymond, Execution (computing), Free and open-source graphics device driver, Free and open-source software, Free license, Free Pascal, Free software, Free Software Foundation, ..., Free Software Foundation Europe, Free Software Foundation Latin America, Free Software Foundation of India, Free software license, Free software movement, Free Software Movement of India, Free statistical software, FreeBASIC, FreeBSD Foundation, Freedesktop.org, FreeDOS, Freely redistributable software, Gambas, GNOME Foundation, GNU, GNU Compiler Collection, GNU General Public License, GNU Lesser General Public License, GNU Project, Google Developers, Gratis versus libre, Guido van Rossum, Haiku (operating system), Hardware restriction, History of Firefox, History of Haiku (operating system), History of Linux, History of Mozilla Application Suite, History of Mozilla Thunderbird, Ian Murdock, Inferno (operating system), ISC license, Java (programming language), Jim Gettys, John Gilmore (activist), Jon Hall (programmer), Jordan Hubbard, KDE e.V., Keith Bostic, Keith Packard, Larry Wall, Lawrence Lessig, License proliferation, Linus Torvalds, Linux, Linux Foundation, List of formerly proprietary software, List of free and open-source Android applications, List of free and open-source software organizations, List of free and open-source software packages, List of free software project directories, List of free software web applications, List of free television software, List of free-software events, List of Linux distributions, List of statistical packages, List of trademarked open-source software, LLVM, Long-term support, Lua (programming language), Lynne Jolitz, Mach (kernel), Mark Shuttleworth, Marshall Kirk McKusick, Miguel de Icaza, MINIX, MIT License, Mozilla, Mozilla Foundation, Mozilla Public License, Mozilla software rebranded by Debian, NetBeans, Open Knowledge International, Open Source Geospatial Foundation, Open Source Initiative, Open standard, Open-source license, Open-source model, Open-source software, Open-source software development, Open-source software security, Open64, OpenSolaris, Outline (list), Perl, Permissive software licence, PHP, Plan 9 from Bell Labs, Proprietary software, Public domain, Python (programming language), Rasmus Lerdorf, ReactOS, Richard Stallman, Rick Adams (Internet pioneer), Robert J. Chassell, ROSE (compiler framework), Ruby (programming language), SCO–Linux disputes, Software, Software Freedom Conservancy, Software Package Data Exchange, Software patents and free software, Source code, SourceForge, Symbian Foundation, Tcl, The Document Foundation, The Free Software Definition, The Open Source Definition, Theo de Raadt, Tim O'Reilly, Trusted Computing, Viral license, William Jolitz, WTFPL, X.Org Foundation, Xiph.Org Foundation, XMPP Standards Foundation, Zlib License. Expand index (120 more) » « Shrink index
Alan Cox (born 22 July 1968) is a British computer programmer who has been a key figure in the development of Linux.
Alternative terms for free software, such as open source, FOSS, and FLOSS, have been a controversial issue among free and open-source software users from the late 1990s onwards.
Andrew "Tridge" Tridgell (born 28 February 1967) is an Australian computer programmer.
Android is a mobile operating system developed by Google, based on a modified version of the Linux kernel and other open source software and designed primarily for touchscreen mobile devices such as smartphones and tablets.
The Apache License is a permissive free software license written by the Apache Software Foundation (ASF).
The Apache Software Foundation (ASF) is an American non-profit corporation (classified as 501(c)(3) in the United States) to support Apache software projects, including the Apache HTTP Server.
AROS Research Operating System (AROS pronounced "AR-OS") is a free and open source multi media centric implementation of the AmigaOS 3.1 APIs.
The Artistic License (version 1.0) is a software license used for certain free and open-source software packages, most notably the standard implementation of the Perl programming language and most CPAN modules, which are dual-licensed under the Artistic License and the GNU General Public License (GPL).
Basic For Qt (formerly KBasic) is the name of an object-oriented version of the BASIC programming language, as well as an integrated development environment.
Beerware is a somewhat tongue-in-cheek term for software released under a very relaxed license (beerware licensed software).
Berkeley Software Distribution (BSD) was a Unix operating system derivative developed and distributed by the Computer Systems Research Group (CSRG) of the University of California, Berkeley, from 1977 to 1995.
In the context of free and open-source software, a binary blob is a closed-source binary-only piece of software.
The Blender Foundation (De Blender Stichting.) is a nonprofit organization responsible for the development of Blender, an open source 3D content-creation program.
Robert William Scheifler (born June 24, 1954, Kirkwood, Missouri) is an American computer scientist.
Boost is a set of libraries for the C++ programming language that provide support for tasks and structures such as linear algebra, pseudorandom number generation, multithreading, image processing, regular expressions, and unit testing.
Bram Moolenaar (born 1961, in Lisse) is a Dutch computer programmer and an active member of the open-source software community.
Brian Behlendorf (born March 30, 1973) is a technologist, executive, computer programmer and leading figure in the open-source software movement.
Brian E. Paul is a computer programmer who originally wrote and maintained the source code for the open source Mesa graphics library until 2012 and is still active in the project.
Bruce Perens (born Oct 24, 1957) is an American computer programmer and advocate in the free software movement.
BSD licenses are a family of permissive free software licenses, imposing minimal restrictions on the use and redistribution of covered software.
This is a comparison of published free software licenses and open-source licenses.
This is a list of free and open-source software for geophysical data processing and interpretation.
This article contains a list with gratis (but not necessarily open source) satellite navigation (or "GPS") software for a range of devices (PC, laptop, tablet PC, mobile phone, handheld PC (Pocket PC, Palm)).
This list of free software for audio lists notable free and open source software for use by sound engineers, audio producers, and those involved in sound recording and reproduction.
Free/open-source software – the source availability model used by free and open-source software (FOSS) – and closed source are two approaches to the distribution of software.
These tables compare free software / open-source operating systems.
Wireless network cards for computers require control software to make them function (firmware, device drivers).
A source code repository is a file archive and web hosting facility where a large amount of source code, for software or for web pages, is kept, either publicly or privately.
A Contributor License Agreement (CLA) defines the terms under which intellectual property has been contributed to a company/project, typically software under an open source license.
Copyleft (a play on the word copyright) is the practice of offering people the right to freely distribute copies and modified versions of a work with the stipulation that the same rights be preserved in derivative works down the line.
A Creative Commons (CC) license is one of several public copyright licenses that enable the free distribution of an otherwise copyrighted work.
Darwin is an open-source Unix operating system first released by Apple Inc. in 2000.
David A. Wheeler (born 1965) is a computer scientist.
The Debian Free Software Guidelines (DFSG) is a set of guidelines that the Debian Project uses to determine whether a software license is a free software license, which in turn is used to determine whether a piece of software can be included in Debian.
The Debian Social Contract (DSC) is a document that frames the moral agenda of the Debian project.
The Definition of Free Cultural Works is a definition of free content from 2006.
Digital rights management (DRM) is a set of access control technologies for restricting the use of proprietary hardware and copyrighted works.
Eben Moglen is a professor of law and legal history at Columbia University, and is the founder, Director-Counsel and Chairman of Software Freedom Law Center.
Eclipse is an integrated development environment (IDE) used in computer programming, and is the most widely used Java IDE.
The Eclipse Foundation is a 501(c)(6) not-for-profit, member supported corporation that acts as the steward of Eclipse, an open source community working to build a development platform consisting of the frameworks, tools and run-times needed for "building, deploying and managing software across the lifecycle." The most well-known of the Eclipse projects is the Eclipse platform, a multi-language software development environment and IDE.
The Embedded Configurable Operating System (eCos) is a free and open source real-time operating system intended for embedded systems and applications which need only one process with multiple threads.
Eric Paul Allman (born September 2, 1955) is an American computer programmer who developed sendmail and its precursor delivermail in the late 1970s and early 1980s at UC Berkeley.
Eric Steven Raymond (born December 4, 1957), often referred to as ESR, is an American software developer, author of the widely cited 1997 essay and 1999 book The Cathedral and the Bazaar and other works, and open-source software advocate.
Execution in computer and software engineering is the process by which a computer or a virtual machine performs the instructions of a computer program.
A free and open-source graphics device driver is a software stack which controls computer-graphics hardware and supports graphics-rendering application programming interfaces (APIs) and is released under a free and open-source software license.
Free and open-source software (FOSS) is software that can be classified as both free software and open-source software.
A free license or open license is a license agreement which contains conditions permitted to the user from the holder on a specific list of uses for his work, which gives him four major freedoms.
Free Pascal Compiler (FPC) is a compiler for the closely related programming language dialects, Pascal and Object Pascal.
Free software or libre software is computer software distributed under terms that allow users to run the software for any purpose as well as to study, change, and distribute it and any adapted versions.
The Free Software Foundation (FSF) is a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization founded by Richard Stallman on 4 October 1985 to support the free software movement, which promotes the universal freedom to study, distribute, create, and modify computer software, with the organization's preference for software being distributed under copyleft ("share alike") terms, such as with its own GNU General Public License.
The Free Software Foundation Europe (FSFE) was founded in 2001 to support all aspects of the free software movement in Europe.
Free Software Foundation Latin America (FSFLA) is the Latin American sister organisation of the Free Software Foundation.
The Free Software Foundation of India (FSFI) Is an Indian sister organisation to the US-based Free Software Foundation.
A free software license is a notice that grants the recipient of a piece of software extensive rights to modify and redistribute that software.
The free software movement (FSM) or free / open source software movement (FOSSM) or free / libre open source software (FLOSS) is a social movement with the goal of obtaining and guaranteeing certain freedoms for software users, namely the freedom to run the software, to study and change the software, and to redistribute copies with or without changes.
Free Software Movement of India (FSMI) is a national coalition of various regional and sectoral free software movements operating in different parts of India.
Free statistical software is a practical alternative to commercial packages.
FreeBASIC is a multiplatform, free/open source (GPL) BASIC compiler for Microsoft Windows, protected-mode MS-DOS (DOS extender), Linux, FreeBSD and Xbox.
The FreeBSD Foundation is a United States-based 501(c)(3) registered non-profit organization dedicated to supporting the FreeBSD project, its development and its community.
freedesktop.org (fd.o) is a project to work on interoperability and shared base technology for free software desktop environments for the X Window System (X11) on Linux and other Unix-like operating systems.
FreeDOS (formerly Free-DOS and PD-DOS) is a free operating system for IBM PC compatible computers.
Freely redistributable software (FRS) is software that anyone is free to redistribute.
Gambas is the name of an object-oriented dialect of the BASIC programming language, as well as the integrated development environment that accompanies it.
The GNOME Foundation is a non-profit organization based in Orinda, California, United States, coordinating the efforts in the GNOME project.
GNU is an operating system and an extensive collection of computer software.
The GNU Compiler Collection (GCC) is a compiler system produced by the GNU Project supporting various programming languages.
The GNU General Public License (GNU GPL or GPL) is a widely used free software license, which guarantees end users the freedom to run, study, share and modify the software.
The GNU Lesser General Public License (LGPL) is a free software license published by the Free Software Foundation (FSF).
The GNU Project is a free-software, mass-collaboration project, first announced on September 27, 1983 by Richard Stallman at MIT.
Google Developers (previously Google Code), application programming interfaces (APIs), and technical resources.
The English adjective free is commonly used in one of two meanings: "for free" (gratis) and "with little or no restriction" (libre).
Guido van Rossum (born 31 January 1956) is a Dutch programmer best known as the author of the Python programming language, for which he is the "Benevolent Dictator For Life" (BDFL), which means he continues to oversee Python development, making decisions when necessary.
Haiku is a free and open-source operating system compatible with the now discontinued BeOS.
A hardware restriction (sometimes called hardware DRM) is content protection enforced by electronic components.
The Mozilla Firefox project was created by Dave Hyatt and Blake Ross as an experimental branch of the Mozilla browser.
The history of Haiku, a free, open-source operating system, began with "OpenBeOS" in 2001.
The history of Linux began in 1991 with the commencement of a personal project by Finnish student Linus Torvalds to create a new free operating system kernel.
The history of the Mozilla Application Suite began with the release of the source code of the Netscape suite as an open source project.
Mozilla Thunderbird was originally launched as Minotaur, shortly after Phoenix (the original name for Mozilla Firefox); the project failed to gain momentum.
Ian Ashley Murdock (28April 1973 28December 2015) was an American software engineer, known for being the founder of the Debian project and Progeny Linux Systems, a commercial Linux company.
Inferno is a distributed operating system started at Bell Labs and now developed and maintained by Vita Nuova Holdings as free software.
The ISC license is a permissive free software license published by the Internet Systems Consortium (ISC).
Java is a general-purpose computer-programming language that is concurrent, class-based, object-oriented, and specifically designed to have as few implementation dependencies as possible.
Jim Gettys (born 15 October 1953) is an American computer programmer.
John Gilmore (born 1955) is one of the founders of the Electronic Frontier Foundation, the Cypherpunks mailing list, and Cygnus Solutions.
Jon "maddog" Hall (born 7 August 1950) is the Board Chair for the Linux Professional Institute, and CEO of OptDyn, makers of Subutai P2P Cloud Platform.
Jordan K. Hubbard (born April 8, 1963) is a long-time open source developer, authoring software such as the Ardent Window Manager and various other open source tools and libraries before co-founding the FreeBSD project with Nate Williams and Rodney W. Grimes in 1993, for which he contributed the initial FreeBSD Ports collection, package management system and sysinstall.
KDE e.V. is a registered non-profit organization that represents the KDE community in the legal and financial entities.
Keith Bostic is an American Software Engineer and one of the key people in the history of Berkeley Software Distribution UNIX and Open Source software.
Keith Packard (born April 16, 1963) is a software developer, best known for his work on the X Window System.
Larry Wall (born September 27, 1954) is a computer programmer and author.
Lester Lawrence "Larry" Lessig III (born June 3, 1961) is an American academic, attorney, and political activist.
License proliferation is the phenomenon of an abundance of already existing and the continued creation of new software licenses for software and software packages in the FOSS ecosystem.
Linus Benedict Torvalds (born December 28, 1969) is a Finnish-American software engineer who is the creator, and historically, the principal developer of the Linux kernel, which became the kernel for operating systems such as the Linux operating systems, Android, and Chrome OS.
Linux is a family of free and open-source software operating systems built around the Linux kernel.
The Linux Foundation (LF) is dedicated to building sustainable ecosystems around open source projects to accelerate technology development and commercial adoption.
This is a list of notable software packages which were published under a proprietary software license but later released as free software or open source software, or into the public domain.
This is an incomplete list of notable applications (apps) that run on the Android platform which meet guidelines for free software and open-source software.
The following are notable organizations devoted to the advocacy, legal aid, financial aid, technical aid, governance, etc.
This is a list of free and open-source software packages, computer software licensed under free software licenses and open-source licenses.
The following is a list of notable websites that list free software projects.
All web applications, both traditional and Web 2.0, are operated by software running somewhere.
This is a list of free television software, and includes television-related software which is distributed as free software – under a free software licence, with the source code available.
The following is a list of computer conferences and other events focused on the development and usage of free and open source software (FOSS).
This page provides general information about notable Linux distributions in the form of a categorized list.
Statistical software are specialized computer programs for analysis in statistics and econometrics.
This is a list of free/open-source software whose names are covered by registered trademarks.
The LLVM compiler infrastructure project is a "collection of modular and reusable compiler and toolchain technologies" used to develop compiler front ends and back ends.
Long-term support (LTS) is a type of special versions or editions of software designed to be supported for a longer than normal period.
Lua (from meaning moon) is a lightweight, multi-paradigm programming language designed primarily for embedded use in applications.
Lynne Greer Jolitz (born June 30, 1961) is a figure in free software and founded many startups in Silicon Valley with her husband William.
Mach is a kernel developed at Carnegie Mellon University to support operating system research, primarily distributed and parallel computing.
Mark Richard Shuttleworth (born 18 September 1973) is a South African entrepreneur who is the founder and CEO of Canonical Ltd., the company behind the development of the Linux-based Ubuntu operating system.
Marshall Kirk McKusick (born January 19, 1954) is a computer scientist, known for his extensive work on BSD UNIX, from the 1980s to FreeBSD in the present day.
Miguel de Icaza (born November 23, 1972) is a Mexican programmer, best known for starting the GNOME, Mono, and Xamarin projects.
MINIX (from "mini-Unix") is a POSIX-compliant (since version 2.0), Unix-like operating system based on a microkernel architecture.
The MIT License is a permissive free software license originating at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).
Mozilla (stylized as moz://a) is a free software community founded in 1998 by members of Netscape.
The Mozilla Foundation (stylized as moz://a) is a non-profit organization that exists to support and collectively lead the open source Mozilla project.
The Mozilla Public License (MPL) is a free and open source software license developed and maintained by the Mozilla Foundation.
In 2006, a branding issue developed when Mike Connor, representing the Mozilla Corporation, requested that the Debian Project comply with Mozilla standards for use of the Thunderbird trademark when redistributing the Thunderbird software.
NetBeans is an integrated development environment (IDE) for Java.
Open Knowledge International (OKI) (known as the Open Knowledge Foundation (OKF) until April 2014, then Open Knowledge until May 2016) is a global non-profit network that promotes and shares information at no charge, including both content and data.
The Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo), is a non-profit non-governmental organization whose mission is to support and promote the collaborative development of open geospatial technologies and data.
The Open Source Initiative (OSI) is a non-profit organization dedicated to promoting open-source software.
An open standard is a standard that is publicly available and has various rights to use associated with it, and may also have various properties of how it was designed (e.g. open process).
An open-source license is a type of license for computer software and other products that allows the source code, blueprint or design to be used, modified and/or shared under defined terms and conditions.
The open-source model is a decentralized software-development model that encourages open collaboration.
Open-source software (OSS) is a type of computer software whose source code is released under a license in which the copyright holder grants users the rights to study, change, and distribute the software to anyone and for any purpose.
Open-source software development is the process by which open-source software, or similar software whose source code is publicly available, is developed.
Open-source security is the measure of assurance or guarantee in the freedom from danger and risk inherent to an open-source software system.
Open64 is a free, open source, optimizing compiler for the Itanium and x86-64 microprocessor architectures.
OpenSolaris is a discontinued, open source computer operating system based on Solaris created by Sun Microsystems.
An outline, also called a hierarchical outline, is a list arranged to show hierarchical relationships and is a type of tree structure.
Perl is a family of two high-level, general-purpose, interpreted, dynamic programming languages, Perl 5 and Perl 6.
A permissive software license, sometimes also called BSD-like or BSD-style license, is a free software software license with minimal requirements about how the software can be redistributed.
PHP: Hypertext Preprocessor (or simply PHP) is a server-side scripting language designed for Web development, but also used as a general-purpose programming language.
Plan 9 from Bell Labs is a distributed operating system, originating in the Computing Sciences Research Center (CSRC) at Bell Labs in the mid-1980s, and building on UNIX concepts first developed there in the late 1960s; until the Labs' final release at the start of 2015.
Proprietary software is non-free computer software for which the software's publisher or another person retains intellectual property rights—usually copyright of the source code, but sometimes patent rights.
The public domain consists of all the creative works to which no exclusive intellectual property rights apply.
Python is an interpreted high-level programming language for general-purpose programming.
Rasmus Lerdorf (born 22 November 1968) is a Danish-Canadian programmer.
ReactOS is a free and open-source operating system for x86/x64 personal computers intended to be binary-compatible with computer programs and device drivers made for Windows Server 2003.
Richard Matthew Stallman (born March 16, 1953), often known by his initials, rms—is an American free software movement activist and programmer.
Richard L. "Rick" Adams, Jr. is an American Internet pioneer and the founder of UUNET, which, in the mid and late 1990s, was the world's largest Internet Service Provider (ISP).
Robert "Bob" Chassell was one of the founding directors of Free Software Foundation (FSF) in 1985.
The ROSE compiler framework, developed at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), is an open-source software compiler infrastructure to generate source-to-source analyzers and translators for multiple source languages including C (C89, C98, Unified Parallel C (UPC)), C++ (C++98, C++11), Fortran (77, 95, 2003), OpenMP, Java, Python, and PHP.
Ruby is a dynamic, interpreted, reflective, object-oriented, general-purpose programming language.
The SCO–Linux disputes are a series of legal and public disputes between the software company SCO Group (SCO) and various Linux vendors and users.
Computer software, or simply software, is a generic term that refers to a collection of data or computer instructions that tell the computer how to work, in contrast to the physical hardware from which the system is built, that actually performs the work.
Software Freedom Conservancy (SFC) is an organization that provides a non-profit home and infrastructure support, including legal services, for free/open source software projects.
Software Package Data Exchange (SPDX) is a file format used to document information on the software licenses under which a given piece of computer software is distributed.
Opposition to software patents is widespread in the free software community.
In computing, source code is any collection of code, possibly with comments, written using a human-readable programming language, usually as plain text.
SourceForge is a Web-based service that offers software developers a centralized online location to control and manage free and open-source software projects.
The Symbian Foundation was a non-profit organisation that stewarded the Symbian operating system for mobile phones which previously had been owned and licensed by Symbian Ltd..
Tcl (pronounced "tickle" or tee cee ell) is a high-level, general-purpose, interpreted, dynamic programming language.
The Document Foundation (TDF) is a non-profit organization that promotes open-source document handling software.
The Free Software Definition written by Richard Stallman and published by Free Software Foundation (FSF), defines free software as being software that ensures that the end users have freedom in using, studying, sharing and modifying that software.
The Open Source Definition is a document published by the Open Source Initiative, to determine whether a software license can be labeled with the open-source certification mark.
Theo de Raadt (born May 19, 1968) is a software engineer who lives in Calgary, Alberta, Canada.
Tim O'Reilly (born 6 June 1954) is the founder of O'Reilly Media (formerly O'Reilly & Associates).
Trusted Computing (TC) is a technology developed and promoted by the Trusted Computing Group.
Viral license is an alternative name for copyleft licenses, especially the GPL, that allows derivative works only when permissions are preserved in modified versions of the work.
William Frederick Jolitz (born February 22, 1957), commonly known as Bill Jolitz, is an American software programmer best known for developing the 386BSD operating system from 1989 to 1994 along with his wife Lynne Jolitz.
The WTFPL (Do What the Fuck You Want To Public License) is a permissive license most commonly used as a free software license.
The X.Org Foundation is a non-profit corporation chartered to research, develop, support, organize, administrate, standardize, promote, and defend a free and open accelerated graphics stack.
Xiph.Org Foundation is a non-profit organization that produces free multimedia formats and software tools.
XMPP Standards Foundation (XSF) is the foundation in charge of the standardization of the protocol extensions of XMPP, the open standard of instant messaging and presence of the IETF.
The zlib license is a permissive free software license which defines the terms under which the zlib software library can be distributed.