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Outline of geology

Index Outline of geology

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to geology: Geology – one of the Earth sciences – is the study of the Earth, with the general exclusion of present-day life, flow within the ocean, and the atmosphere. [1]

88 relations: Archaeology, Biogeology, Construction, Continental arc, Craton, Cross-cutting relationships, Crust (geology), Crystallography, Dictionary of Occupational Titles, Earth science, Economic geology, Engineering geology, Environmental geology, Environmental issue, Forearc, Foreland basin, Geochemistry, Geodesy, Geologic modelling, Geologic province, Geologic time scale, Geological history of Earth, Geologist, Geology, Geology of Mars, Geology of Mercury, Geology of solar terrestrial planets, Geology of the English counties, Geology of the Moon, Geology of Venus, Geomorphology, Geophysical survey, Geophysics, Glossary of geology, Historical geology, History of geology, Hydrogeology, Hydrology, Igneous rock, Island arc, Large igneous province, Law of included fragments, Law of superposition, List of chemical elements, List of compounds, List of geologists, List of largest volcanic eruptions, List of minerals, List of oil fields, List of plate tectonics topics, ..., List of rock types, List of Russian earth scientists, List of tectonic plates, Lists of earthquakes, Lists of geological features of the Solar System, Lists of volcanoes, Marine geology, Mineralogy, Mining, Natural resource, Oceanic basin, Orogeny, Outline (list), Outline of geography, Paleontology, Petroleum geologist, Petroleum geology, Petrology, Planetary geology, Plate tectonics, Platform (geology), Principle of faunal succession, Principle of original horizontality, Prospecting, Rift, River, Rock (geology), Sediment, Sedimentology, Seismology, Shield (geology), Soil, Stratigraphy, Structural basin, Structural geology, Timeline of geology, Uniformitarianism, Volcanology. Expand index (38 more) »

Archaeology

Archaeology, or archeology, is the study of humanactivity through the recovery and analysis of material culture.

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Biogeology

Biogeology is the study of the interactions between the Earth's biosphere and the lithosphere.

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Construction

Construction is the process of constructing a building or infrastructure.

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Continental arc

A continental arc is a type of volcanic arc occurring as an "arc-shape" topographic high region along a continental margin.

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Craton

A craton (or; from κράτος kratos "strength") is an old and stable part of the continental lithosphere, where the lithosphere consists of the Earth's two topmost layers, the crust and the uppermost mantle.

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Cross-cutting relationships

Cross-cutting relationships is a principle of geology that states that the geologic feature which cuts another is the younger of the two features.

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Crust (geology)

In geology, the crust is the outermost solid shell of a rocky planet, dwarf planet, or natural satellite.

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Crystallography

Crystallography is the experimental science of determining the arrangement of atoms in crystalline solids (see crystal structure).

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Dictionary of Occupational Titles

The Dictionary of Occupational Titles or D-O-T (DOT) refers to a publication produced by the United States Department of Labor which helped employers, government officials, and workforce development professionals to define over 13,000 different types of work, from 1938 to the late 1990s.

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Earth science

Earth science or geoscience is a widely embraced term for the fields of natural science related to the planet Earth.

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Economic geology

Economic geology is concerned with earth materials that can be used for economic and/or industrial purposes.

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Engineering geology

Engineering geology is the application of the geology to engineering study for the purpose of assuring that the geological factors regarding the location, design, construction, operation and maintenance of engineering works are recognized and accounted for.

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Environmental geology

Environmental geology, like hydrogeology, is an applied science concerned with the practical application of the principles of geology in the solving of environmental problems.

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Environmental issue

Environmental issues are harmful effects of human activity on the biophysical environment.

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Forearc

A forearc is the region between an oceanic trench and the associated volcanic arc.

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Foreland basin

A foreland basin is a structural basin that develops adjacent and parallel to a mountain belt.

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Geochemistry

Geochemistry is the science that uses the tools and principles of chemistry to explain the mechanisms behind major geological systems such as the Earth's crust and its oceans.

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Geodesy

Geodesy, also known as geodetics, is the earth science of accurately measuring and understanding three of Earth's fundamental properties: its geometric shape, orientation in space, and gravitational field.

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Geologic modelling

Geologic modelling, Geological modelling or Geomodelling is the applied science of creating computerized representations of portions of the Earth's crust based on geophysical and geological observations made on and below the Earth surface.

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Geologic province

A geologic or geomorphic province is a spatial entity with common geologic or geomorphic attributes.

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Geologic time scale

The geologic time scale (GTS) is a system of chronological dating that relates geological strata (stratigraphy) to time.

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Geological history of Earth

The geological history of Earth follows the major events in Earth's past based on the geologic time scale, a system of chronological measurement based on the study of the planet's rock layers (stratigraphy).

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Geologist

A geologist is a scientist who studies the solid and liquid matter that constitutes the Earth as well as the processes that shape it.

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Geology

Geology (from the Ancient Greek γῆ, gē, i.e. "earth" and -λoγία, -logia, i.e. "study of, discourse") is an earth science concerned with the solid Earth, the rocks of which it is composed, and the processes by which they change over time.

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Geology of Mars

The geology of Mars is the scientific study of the surface, crust, and interior of the planet Mars.

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Geology of Mercury

The geology of Mercury is the least understood of all the terrestrial planets in the Solar System.

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Geology of solar terrestrial planets

The geology of solar terrestrial planets mainly deals with the geological aspects of the four terrestrial planets of the Solar System, Mercury, Venus, Earth, and Mars, and one terrestrial dwarf planet, Ceres.

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Geology of the English counties

See also: Geology of England Study of geology by English counties.

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Geology of the Moon

The geology of the Moon (sometimes called selenology, although the latter term can refer more generally to "lunar science") is quite different from that of Earth.

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Geology of Venus

Venus is a planet with striking geology.

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Geomorphology

Geomorphology (from Ancient Greek: γῆ, gê, "earth"; μορφή, morphḗ, "form"; and λόγος, lógos, "study") is the scientific study of the origin and evolution of topographic and bathymetric features created by physical, chemical or biological processes operating at or near the Earth's surface.

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Geophysical survey

Geophysical survey is the systematic collection of geophysical data for spatial studies.

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Geophysics

Geophysics is a subject of natural science concerned with the physical processes and physical properties of the Earth and its surrounding space environment, and the use of quantitative methods for their analysis.

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Glossary of geology

This page is a glossary of geology.

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Historical geology

Historical geology or paleogeology is a discipline that uses the principles and techniques of geology to reconstruct and understand the geological history of Earth.

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History of geology

The history of geology is concerned with the development of the natural science of geology.

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Hydrogeology

Hydrogeology (hydro- meaning water, and -geology meaning the study of the Earth) is the area of geology that deals with the distribution and movement of groundwater in the soil and rocks of the Earth's crust (commonly in aquifers).

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Hydrology

Hydrology is the scientific study of the movement, distribution, and quality of water on Earth and other planets, including the water cycle, water resources and environmental watershed sustainability.

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Igneous rock

Igneous rock (derived from the Latin word ignis meaning fire), or magmatic rock, is one of the three main rock types, the others being sedimentary and metamorphic.

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Island arc

An island arc is a type of archipelago, often composed of a chain of volcanoes, with arc-shaped alignment, situated parallel and close to a boundary between two converging tectonic plates.

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Large igneous province

In geology, a large igneous province (LIP) is an extremely large accumulation of igneous rocks, including plutonic rocks (intrusive) or volcanic rock formations (extrusive), arising when hot magma extrudes from inside the Earth and flows out.

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Law of included fragments

The law of included fragments is a method of relative dating in geology.

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Law of superposition

The law of superposition is an axiom that forms one of the bases of the sciences of geology, archaeology, and other fields dealing with geological stratigraphy.

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List of chemical elements

, 118 chemical elements are identified.

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List of compounds

Compounds are organized into the following lists.

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List of geologists

A geologist is a contributor to the science of geology.

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List of largest volcanic eruptions

In a volcanic eruption, lava, volcanic bombs and ash, and various gases are expelled from a volcanic vent or fissure.

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List of minerals

This is a list of minerals for which there are articles on Wikipedia.

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List of oil fields

This list of oil fields includes some major oil fields of the past and present.

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List of plate tectonics topics

This is a list of articles related to plate tectonics and tectonic plates.

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List of rock types

The following is a list of rock types recognized by petrologists.

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List of Russian earth scientists

This list of Russian Earth scientists includes the notable geographers, geologists, oceanographers, meteorologists, ecologists and other representatives of Earth sciences from the Russian Federation, the Soviet Union, the Russian Empire and other predecessor states of Russia.

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List of tectonic plates

This is a list of tectonic plates on the Earth's surface.

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Lists of earthquakes

The following is a list of earthquake lists, and of top earthquakes by magnitude and fatalities.

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Lists of geological features of the Solar System

This is a directory of lists of geological features on planets excepting Earth, moons and asteroids ordered by increasing distance from the Sun.

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Lists of volcanoes

Below is a list of (almost) all volcanoes in the world.

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Marine geology

Marine geology or geological oceanography is the study of the history and structure of the ocean floor.

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Mineralogy

Mineralogy is a subject of geology specializing in the scientific study of chemistry, crystal structure, and physical (including optical) properties of minerals and mineralized artifacts.

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Mining

Mining is the extraction of valuable minerals or other geological materials from the earth, usually from an orebody, lode, vein, seam, reef or placer deposit.

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Natural resource

Natural resources are resources that exist without actions of humankind.

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Oceanic basin

In hydrology, an oceanic basin may be anywhere on Earth that is covered by seawater but geologically ocean basins are large geologic basins that are below sea level.

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Orogeny

An orogeny is an event that leads to a large structural deformation of the Earth's lithosphere (crust and uppermost mantle) due to the interaction between plate tectonics.

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Outline (list)

An outline, also called a hierarchical outline, is a list arranged to show hierarchical relationships and is a type of tree structure.

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Outline of geography

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to geography: Geography – study of earth and its people.

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Paleontology

Paleontology or palaeontology is the scientific study of life that existed prior to, and sometimes including, the start of the Holocene Epoch (roughly 11,700 years before present).

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Petroleum geologist

A petroleum geologist is an earth scientist who works in the field of petroleum geology, which involves all aspects of oil discovery and production.

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Petroleum geology

Petroleum geology is the study of origin, occurrence, movement, accumulation, and exploration of hydrocarbon fuels.

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Petrology

Petrology (from the Greek πέτρος, pétros, "rock" and λόγος, lógos, "subject matter", see -logy) is the branch of geology that studies rocks and the conditions under which they form.

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Planetary geology

Planetary geology, alternatively known as astrogeology or exogeology, is a planetary science discipline concerned with the geology of the celestial bodies such as the planets and their moons, asteroids, comets, and meteorites.

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Plate tectonics

Plate tectonics (from the Late Latin tectonicus, from the τεκτονικός "pertaining to building") is a scientific theory describing the large-scale motion of seven large plates and the movements of a larger number of smaller plates of the Earth's lithosphere, since tectonic processes began on Earth between 3 and 3.5 billion years ago.

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Platform (geology)

In geology, a platform is a continental area covered by relatively flat or gently tilted, mainly sedimentary strata, which overlie a basement of consolidated igneous or metamorphic rocks of an earlier deformation.

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Principle of faunal succession

The principle of faunal succession, also known as the law of faunal succession, is based on the observation that sedimentary rock strata contain fossilized flora and fauna, and that these fossils succeed each other vertically in a specific, reliable order that can be identified over wide horizontal distances.

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Principle of original horizontality

The Principle of Original Horizontality states that layers of sediment are originally deposited horizontally under the action of gravity.

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Prospecting

Prospecting is the first stage of the geological analysis (second – exploration) of a territory.

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Rift

In geology, a rift is a linear zone where the lithosphere is being pulled apart and is an example of extensional tectonics.

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River

A river is a natural flowing watercourse, usually freshwater, flowing towards an ocean, sea, lake or another river.

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Rock (geology)

Rock or stone is a natural substance, a solid aggregate of one or more minerals or mineraloids.

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Sediment

Sediment is a naturally occurring material that is broken down by processes of weathering and erosion, and is subsequently transported by the action of wind, water, or ice, and/or by the force of gravity acting on the particles.

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Sedimentology

Sedimentology encompasses the study of modern sediments such as sand, silt, and clay, and the processes that result in their formation (erosion and weathering), transport, deposition and diagenesis.

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Seismology

Seismology (from Ancient Greek σεισμός (seismós) meaning "earthquake" and -λογία (-logía) meaning "study of") is the scientific study of earthquakes and the propagation of elastic waves through the Earth or through other planet-like bodies.

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Shield (geology)

A shield is generally a large area of exposed Precambrian crystalline igneous and high-grade metamorphic rocks that form tectonically stable areas.

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Soil

Soil is a mixture of organic matter, minerals, gases, liquids, and organisms that together support life.

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Stratigraphy

Stratigraphy is a branch of geology concerned with the study of rock layers (strata) and layering (stratification).

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Structural basin

A structural basin is a large-scale structural formation of rock strata formed by tectonic warping of previously flat-lying strata.

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Structural geology

Structural geology is the study of the three-dimensional distribution of rock units with respect to their deformational histories.

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Timeline of geology

Timeline of geology.

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Uniformitarianism

Uniformitarianism, also known as the Doctrine of Uniformity,, "The assumption of spatial and temporal invariance of natural laws is by no means unique to geology since it amounts to a warrant for inductive inference which, as Bacon showed nearly four hundred years ago, is the basic mode of reasoning in empirical science.

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Volcanology

Volcanology (also spelled vulcanology) is the study of volcanoes, lava, magma, and related geological, geophysical and geochemical phenomena.

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Redirects here:

Geology (topic overview), List of basic geology topics, List of geology topics, Topic outline of geology, Topical outline of geology.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Outline_of_geology

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