231 relations: Andre Gunder Frank, Anti-globalization movement, Archaic globalization, Built environment, Business, Christopher Chase-Dunn, Civilizing mission, Climate change, Climate justice, Colonialism, Columbian Exchange, Consumer Movement, Contingent work, Corporate social responsibility, Corruption Perceptions Index, Coupled human–environment system, Criticism of capitalism, Criticisms of globalization, Cross-border leasing, Cultural appropriation, Cultural diversity, Cultural globalization, Cultural homogenization, Culture, Culture change, Democracy Index, Democratic globalization, Democratization of technology, Dependency theory, Development as Freedom, Development economics, Digital divide, Earth system science, Ecological economics, Ecological imperialism, Ecological modernization, Ecology and Society, Economic development, Economic globalization, Economic inequality, Economic integration, Economic liberalisation in India, Economic liberalism, Economic nationalism, Economics, Edward Goldsmith, Elite, Endangered language, Engaged theory, Environment (biophysical), ..., Environmental social science, Expatriate, Fair trade, Fides et Historia, Forced displacement, Foreign born, Free market, Free-trade zone, Freedom in the World, Global biodiversity, Global change, Global city, Global civics, Global commons, Global dimming, Global financial system, Global health, Global justice, Global labor arbitrage, Global Labour University, Global politics, Global Proficiency Certificate, Global R&D management, Global sourcing, Global strategy, Global studies, Global supply chain finance, Global village, Global warming, Global workforce, Globalisation in India, Globalism, Globalization, Globalization and disease, Globalization and Its Discontents, Globalization and women in China, Globalization in China, Great Transition, History of globalization, Human capital flight, Human ecology, Human migration, Human overpopulation, Human rights, Human trafficking, Illegal immigration, Illicit financial flows, Immanuel Wallerstein, Immigration policy, Imperialism, Industrial ecology, Industrialisation, Interculturalism, Interdependence, Intermodal freight transport, International business, International business development, International development, International economics, International education, International finance, International human rights law, International inequality, International labour law, International law, International monetary systems, International organization, International Organization for Standardization, International standard, International trade, Internet, Invasive species, Investor-state dispute settlement, Jerry Mander, Jet Age, Labor rights, Labour economics, Leibniz Institute of European History, Lisbon Strategy, List of demonstrations against corporate globalization, List of epidemics, List of free-trade agreements, List of global sustainability statistics, List of globalization-related indices, List of globalization-related journals, List of human rights articles by country, List of human rights organisations, List of intergovernmental organizations, List of international athletics competitions, List of international rankings, List of Occupy movement protest locations, Lists of ecoregions by country, Lists of endangered languages, Low-cost country sourcing, Making Globalization Work, Malnutrition, Mercantilism, Middle East and globalization, Migrant sex work, Migrant worker, Military globalization, Modernization theory, Multiculturalism, Multilingualism, Multinational corporation, Natural environment, New international division of labour, North–South divide, Occupy movement, Offshoring, OmniScriptum, Optional Practical Training, Outline (list), Outsourcing, Overfishing, Ozone depletion, Peace, Pizza effect, Planetary boundaries, Political science, Politics, Pollution, Post-contemporary, Post-industrial society, Postdevelopment theory, Postmodernism, Precarious work, Primitive accumulation of capital, Proto-globalization, Race to the bottom, Regulation school, Reverse brain drain, Revolutionary socialism, Samir Amin, Sierra Club Books, Social economy, Social movement, Social web, Society, Sociocultural evolution, Sociology, Special economic zone, Standardization, Supply chain management, Supranational union, Sustainability, Technocapitalism, Telecommunication, The Canadian Encyclopedia, The Superclass List, Time–space compression, Trade globalization, Trade-to-GDP ratio, Transnational cinema, Transnational citizenship, Transnational organized crime, Transnationalism, Transport, Travel visa, Triadization, United Nations Millennium Declaration, Universal Declaration of Human Rights, Vermeer's Hat, Washington Consensus, Water issues in developing countries, Water scarcity, Westernization, World currency, World economy, World energy consumption, World Englishes, World Environment Day, World government, World Music Awards, World Ocean, World population, World Values Survey, World view, World Wide Web, World-systems theory, 2009 flu pandemic by country. Expand index (181 more) » « Shrink index
Andre Gunder Frank (February 24, 1929 – April 23, 2005) was a German-American economic historian and sociologist who promoted dependency theory after 1970 and world-systems theory after 1984.
The anti-globalization movement, or counter-globalisation movement, is a social movement critical of economic globalization.
Archaic globalization is a phase in the history of globalization, and conventionally refers to globalizing events and developments from the time of the earliest civilizations until roughly 1600 (the following period is known as early modern globalization).
In social science, the term built environment, or built world, refers to the human-made surroundings that provide the setting for human activity, ranging in scale from buildings to parks.
Business is the activity of making one's living or making money by producing or buying and selling products (goods and services).
Christopher K. Chase-Dunn (born January 10, 1944, Corvallis, Oregon) is an American sociologist best known for his contributions to world-systems theory.
The mission civilisatrice (in English "civilizing mission") was a rationale for intervention or colonization, purporting to contribute to the spread of civilization, and used mostly in relation to the Westernization of indigenous peoples in the 15th - 20 th centuries.
Climate change is a change in the statistical distribution of weather patterns when that change lasts for an extended period of time (i.e., decades to millions of years).
Climate justice is a term used for framing global warming as an ethical and political issue, rather than one that is purely environmental or physical in nature.
Colonialism is the policy of a polity seeking to extend or retain its authority over other people or territories, generally with the aim of developing or exploiting them to the benefit of the colonizing country and of helping the colonies modernize in terms defined by the colonizers, especially in economics, religion and health.
The Columbian Exchange was the widespread transfer of plants, animals, culture, human populations, technology, and ideas between the Americas and the Old World in the 15th and 16th centuries, related to European colonization and trade following Christopher Columbus's 1492 voyage.
The Consumer Movement is an effort to promote consumer protection through an organized social movement which is in many places led by consumer organizations.
Contingent work or casual work is an employment relationship which is considered non-permanent.
Corporate social responsibility (CSR, also called corporate sustainability, sustainable business, corporate conscience, corporate citizenship or responsible business) is a type of international private business self-regulation.
Transparency International (TI) has published the Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI) since 1995, annually ranking countries "by their perceived levels of corruption, as determined by expert assessments and opinion surveys." The CPI generally defines corruption as "the misuse of public power for private benefit".
A coupled human–environment system (known also as a coupled human and natural system, or CHANS) characterizes the dynamical two-way interactions between human systems (e.g., economic, social) and natural (e.g., hydrologic, atmospheric, biological, geological) systems.
Criticism of capitalism ranges from expressing disagreement with the principles of capitalism in its entirety to expressing disagreement with particular outcomes of capitalism.
Criticism of globalization is skepticism of the claimed benefits of globalization.
Cross-border leasing is a leasing arrangement where lessor and lessee are situated in different countries.
Cultural appropriation is a concept dealing with the adoption of the elements of a minority culture by members of the dominant culture.
Cultural diversity is the quality of diverse or different cultures, as opposed to monoculture, the global monoculture, or a homogenization of cultures, akin to cultural decay.
Cultural globalization refers to the transmission of ideas, meanings, and values around the world in such a way as to extend and intensify social relations.
Cultural homogenisation is an aspect of cultural globalisation, listed as one of its main characteristics, and refers to the reduction in cultural diversity through the popularization and diffusion of a wide array of cultural symbols—not only physical objects but customs, ideas and values.
Culture is the social behavior and norms found in human societies.
Culture change is a term used in public policy making that emphasizes the influence of cultural capital on individual and community behavior.
The Democracy Index is an index compiled by the UK-based company the Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU) that intends to measure the state of democracy in 167 countries, of which 166 are sovereign states and 165 are UN member states.
Democratic globalisation is a social movement towards an institutional system of global democracy.
Democratization of technology refers to the process by which access to technology rapidly continues to become more accessible to more people.
Dependency theory is the notion that resources flow from a "periphery" of poor and underdeveloped states to a "core" of wealthy states, enriching the latter at the expense of the former.
Development as Freedom is a 1999 book by economist Amartya Sen, which focuses on international development.
Development economics is a branch of economics which deals with economic aspects of the development process in low income countries.
A digital divide is an economic and social inequality with regard to access to, use of, or impact of information and communication technologies (ICT).
Earth system science (ESS) is the application of systems science to the Earth sciences.
Ecological economics (also called eco-economics, ecolonomy or bioeconomics of Georgescu-Roegen) is both a transdisciplinary and an interdisciplinary field of academic research addressing the interdependence and coevolution of human economies and natural ecosystems, both intertemporally and spatially.
Ecological imperialism is the theory advanced first by Alfred Crosby that European settlers were successful in colonization of other regions because of their accidental or deliberate introduction of animals, plants, and disease leading to major shifts in the ecology of the colonized areas and to population collapses in the endemic peoples.
Ecological modernization is a school of thought in the social sciences that argues that the economy benefits from moves towards environmentalism.
Ecology and Society (formerly Conservation Ecology) is a quarterly open access interdisciplinary scientific journal published by the Resilience Alliance.
economic development wikipedia Economic development is the process by which a nation improves the economic, political, and social well-being of its people.
Economic globalization is one of the three main dimensions of globalization commonly found in academic literature, with the two others being political globalization and cultural globalization, as well as the general term of globalization.
Economic inequality is the difference found in various measures of economic well-being among individuals in a group, among groups in a population, or among countries.
Economic integration is the unification of economic policies between different states through the partial or full abolition of tariff and non-tariff restrictions on trade taking place among them prior to their integration.
The economic liberalisation in India refers to the economic liberalisation, initiated in 1991, of the country's economic policies, with the goal of making the economy more market and service-oriented and expanding the role of private and foreign investment.
Economic liberalism is an economic system organized on individual lines, which means the greatest possible number of economic decisions are made by individuals or households rather than by collective institutions or organizations.
Economic nationalism, or economic patriotism, refers to an ideology that favors state interventionism in the economy, with policies that emphasize domestic control of the economy, labor, and capital formation, even if this requires the imposition of tariffs and other restrictions on the movement of labor, goods and capital.
Economics is the social science that studies the production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services.
Edward René David Goldsmith (8 November 1928 – 21 August 2009), widely known as Teddy Goldsmith, was an Anglo-French environmentalist, writer and philosopher.
In political and sociological theory, the elite (French élite, from Latin eligere) are a small group of powerful people who hold a disproportionate amount of wealth, privilege, political power, or skill in a society.
An endangered language, or moribund language, is a language that is at risk of falling out of use as its speakers die out or shift to speaking another language.
Engaged theory is a methodological framework for understanding social complexity.
A biophysical environment is a biotic and abiotic surrounding of an organism or population, and consequently includes the factors that have an influence in their survival, development, and evolution.
Environmental social science is the broad, transdisciplinary study of interrelations between humans and the natural environment.
An expatriate (often shortened to expat) is a person temporarily or permanently residing in a country other than their native country.
Fair trade is a social movement whose stated goal is to help producers in developing countries achieve better trading conditions.
Fides et Historia is a semi-annual peer-reviewed academic journal concerning the "intersection of Christian faith and historical inquiry".
Forced displacement or forced immigration is the coerced movement of a person or people away from their home or home region and it often connotes violent coercion.
Foreign-born (also non-native) people are those born outside of their country of residence.
In economics, a free market is an idealized system in which the prices for goods and services are determined by the open market and consumers, in which the laws and forces of supply and demand are free from any intervention by a government, price-setting monopoly, or other authority.
A free-trade zone (FTZ) is a specific class of special economic zone.
Freedom in the World is a yearly survey and report by the U.S.-based non-governmental organization Freedom House that measures the degree of civil liberties and political rights in every nation and significant related and disputed territories around the world.
Global biodiversity is the measure of biodiversity on planet Earth and is defined as the total variability of life forms.
Global change refers to planetary-scale changes in the Earth system.
A global city, also called world city or sometimes alpha city or world center, is a city which is a primary node in the global economic network.
Global civics suggests to understand civics in a global sense as a social contract among all world citizens in an age of interdependence and interaction.
Global commons is a term typically used to describe international, supranational, and global resource domains in which common-pool resources are found.
Global dimming is the gradual reduction in the amount of global direct irradiance at the Earth's surface that was observed for several decades after the start of systematic measurements in the 1950s.
The global financial system is the worldwide framework of legal agreements, institutions, and both formal and informal economic actors that together facilitate international flows of financial capital for purposes of investment and trade financing.
Global health is the health of populations in the global context; it has been defined as "the area of study, research and practice that places a priority on improving health and achieving equity in health for all people worldwide".
Global justice is an issue in political philosophy arising from the concern about unfairness.
Global labor arbitrage is an economic phenomenon where, as a result of the removal of or disintegration of barriers to international trade, jobs move to nations where labor and the cost of doing business (such as environmental regulations) is inexpensive and/or impoverished labor moves to nations with higher paying jobs.
The Global Labour University (GLU) is an international network of universities, trade unions, NGOs and the International Labour Organisation.
Global politics names both the discipline that studies the political and economical patterns of the world and the field that is being studied.
Global Proficiency Certificate (GPC) - is an international program of standardization, which included many of the major educational, cultural and community organizations United States, Britain, France, Germany, Japan and other countries in the world, involving staff, students, undergrad, members of the organizations - participants in the process of confirming their competence to the international proficiency standards.
Global R&D management is the discipline of designing and leading R&D processes globally, i.e. across borders, in multi-cultural and multi-lingual settings, and cutting across multiple time zones.
Global sourcing is the practice of sourcing from the global market for goods and services across geopolitical boundaries.
Global strategy as defined in business terms is an organization's strategic guide to globalization.
Global studies is the interdisciplinary study of political, economic, legal, ecological and cultural interconnectedness.
Global supply-chain finance refers to the set of solutions available for financing specific goods and/or products as they move from origin to destination along the supply chain.
The global village is a metaphoric shrinking of the world into a village through the use of electronic media.
Global warming, also referred to as climate change, is the observed century-scale rise in the average temperature of the Earth's climate system and its related effects.
Global workforce refers to the international labor pool of workers, including those employed by multinational companies and connected through a global system of networking and production, immigrant workers, transient migrant workers, telecommuting workers, those in export-oriented employment, contingent work or other precarious employment.
Globalization is a process that privatizing the causes, courses, and consequences of transnational and transcultural integration of human and non-human activities.
Globalism is a group of ideologies that advocate the concept of globalization.
Globalization or globalisation is the process of interaction and integration between people, companies, and governments worldwide.
Globalization, the flow of information, goods, capital, and people across political and geographic boundaries, allows infectious diseases to rapidly spread around the world, while also allowing the alleviation of factors such as hunger and poverty, which are key determinants of global health.
Globalization and Its Discontents is a book published in 2002 by the 2001 Nobel laureate Joseph E. Stiglitz.
The study of the impact of globalization on women in China examines the role and status of Chinese women relative to the political and cultural changes that have taken place in the 20th century as a consequence of globalization.
Globalization in China discusses the history of globalization in China; including the economic, social, cultural influences that have been integrated into Chinese society.
The Great Transition is a term used by the Great Transition Initiative and its predecessor, the Global Scenario Group (GSG), to describe a vision of a just and sustainable global future.
The historical origins of globalization are the subject of ongoing debate.
Human capital flight refers to the emigration of individuals who have received advanced training at home.
Human ecology is an interdisciplinary and transdisciplinary study of the relationship between humans and their natural, social, and built environments.
Human migration is the movement by people from one place to another with the intentions of settling, permanently or temporarily in a new location.
Human overpopulation (or population overshoot) occurs when the ecological footprint of a human population in a specific geographical location exceeds the carrying capacity of the place occupied by that group.
Human rights are moral principles or normsJames Nickel, with assistance from Thomas Pogge, M.B.E. Smith, and Leif Wenar, December 13, 2013, Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy,, Retrieved August 14, 2014 that describe certain standards of human behaviour and are regularly protected as natural and legal rights in municipal and international law.
Human trafficking is the trade of humans for the purpose of forced labour, sexual slavery, or commercial sexual exploitation for the trafficker or others.
Illegal immigration is the illegal entry of a person or a group of persons across a country's border, in a way that violates the immigration laws of the destination country, with the intention to remain in the country, as well as people who remain living in another country when they do not have the legal right to do so.
Illicit financial flows, in economics, are a form of illegal capital flight that occurs when money is illegally earned, transferred, or spent.
Immanuel Maurice Wallerstein (born September 28, 1930) is an American sociologist, historical social scientist, and world-systems analyst, arguably best known for his development of the general approach in sociology which led to the emergence of his world-systems approach.
An immigration policy is any policy of a state that deals with the transit of people across its borders into the country, but especially those that intend to work and stay in the country.
Imperialism is a policy that involves a nation extending its power by the acquisition of lands by purchase, diplomacy or military force.
Industrial ecology (IE) is the study of material and energy flows through industrial systems.
Industrialisation or industrialization is the period of social and economic change that transforms a human group from an agrarian society into an industrial society, involving the extensive re-organisation of an economy for the purpose of manufacturing.
Interculturalism refers to support for cross-cultural dialogue and challenging self-segregation tendencies within cultures.
Interdependence is the mutual reliance between two or more groups.
Intermodal freight transport involves the transportation of freight in an intermodal container or vehicle, using multiple modes of transportation (e.g., rail, ship, and truck), without any handling of the freight itself when changing modes.
International business refers to the trade of goods, services, technology, capital and/or knowledge at a global level.
International business development evolves through the normal processes of trade, foreign direct investment, capital flows, migration, and the advancement of technology in undeveloped nations.
International development or global development is a wide concept concerning level of development on an international scale.
International economics is concerned with the effects upon economic activity from international differences in productive resources and consumer preferences and the international institutions that affect them.
The definition of International education varies and is debated upon.
International finance (also referred to as international monetary economics or international macroeconomics) is the branch of financial economics broadly concerned with monetary and macroeconomic interrelations between two or more countries.
International human rights law (IHRL) is the body of international law designed to promote human rights on social, regional, and domestic levels.
International inequality refers to the idea of inequality between countries. This can be compared to global inequality which is inequality between people across countries.
International labour law is the body of rules spanning public and private international law which concern the rights and duties of employees, employers, trade unions and governments in regulating the workplace.
International law is the set of rules generally regarded and accepted as binding in relations between states and between nations.
International monetary systems are sets of internationally agreed rules, conventions and supporting institutions, that facilitate international trade, cross border investment and generally the reallocation of capital between nation states.
An international organization is an organization with an international membership, scope, or presence.
The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) is an international standard-setting body composed of representatives from various national standards organizations.
International standards are standards developed by international standards organizations.
International trade is the exchange of capital, goods, and services across international borders or territories.
The Internet is the global system of interconnected computer networks that use the Internet protocol suite (TCP/IP) to link devices worldwide.
An invasive species is a species that is not native to a specific location (an introduced species), and that has a tendency to spread to a degree believed to cause damage to the environment, human economy or human health.
Investor-state dispute settlement (ISDS) or investment court system (ICS) is a system through which investors can sue countries for alleged discriminatory practices.
Jerold Irwin "Jerry" Mander (born May 1, 1936) is an American activist and author, best known for his 1977 book, Four Arguments for the Elimination of Television.
The Jet Age is a period in the history of aviation defined by the advent of aircraft powered by turbine engines, and by the social change this brought about.
Labor rights or workers' rights are a group of legal rights and claimed human rights having to do with labor relations between workers and their employers, usually obtained under labor and employment law.
Labour economics seeks to understand the functioning and dynamics of the markets for wage labour.
The Leibniz Institute of European History (IEG) in Mainz, Germany, is an independent, public research institute that carries out and promotes historical research on the foundations of Europe in the early and late Modern period.
The Lisbon Strategy, also known as the Lisbon Agenda or Lisbon Process, was an action and development plan devised in 2000, for the economy of the European Union between 2000 and 2010.
This article lists significant demonstrations by the anti-globalization movement against corporate globalization since 1999.
This article is a list of epidemics of infectious disease.
The List of free-trade agreements has been split into.
Global sustainability statistics are benchmarks for measuring the status of sustainability parameters.
This article lists various economic and human development measurements related to the study of globalization.
Peer-reviewed, scientific journals related to the study of globalization include the following.
This is a list of human rights articles by country.
The following is a list of articles on the human rights organisations of the world.
The following is a list of the major existing intergovernmental organizations (IGOs).
In the sport of athletics, international competitions between national teams can be distinguished into four main types.
This is a list of international rankings.
The Occupy Wall Street protests have inspired a wide international response.
The following lists of endangered languages are mainly based on the definitions used by UNESCO.
Low-cost country sourcing (LCCS) is procurement strategy in which a company sources materials from countries with lower labour and production costs in order to cut operating expenses.
Making Globalization Work is a book written by Nobel Prize laureate Joseph E. Stiglitz, who also wrote Globalization and Its Discontents and several other books.
Malnutrition is a condition that results from eating a diet in which one or more nutrients are either not enough or are too much such that the diet causes health problems.
Mercantilism is a national economic policy designed to maximize the trade of a nation and, historically, to maximize the accumulation of gold and silver (as well as crops).
Globalization has been internalized in Arabic as “awlaama:العولمة” and refers to the spread throughout the globe of ideas, customs, institutions, and attitudes originated in one part of the world which are usually Western in origin.
Migrant sex work is the work done by migrant workers in prostitution.
A "migrant worker" is a person who either migrates within their home country or outside it to pursue work such as seasonal work.
Military globalization is defined by David Held as “the process which embodies the growing extensity and intensity of military relations among the political units of the world system.
Modernization theory is used to explain the process of modernization within societies.
Multiculturalism is a term with a range of meanings in the contexts of sociology, political philosophy, and in colloquial use.
Multilingualism is the use of more than one language, either by an individual speaker or by a community of speakers.
A multinational corporation (MNC) or worldwide enterprise is a corporate organization that owns or controls production of goods or services in at least one country other than its home country.
The natural environment encompasses all living and non-living things occurring naturally, meaning in this case not artificial.
In economics, the new international division of labor (NIDL) is an outcome of globalization.
The North–South divide is broadly considered a socio-economic and political divide.
The Occupy movement is an international socio-political movement against social and economic inequality and the lack of "real democracy" around the world.
Offshoring is the relocation of a business process from one country to another—typically an operational process, such as manufacturing, or supporting processes, such as accounting.
Omniscriptum Publishing Group, formerly known as VDM Verlag Dr.
Optional Practical Training (OPT) is a period during which undergraduate and graduate students with F-1 status who have completed or have been pursuing their degrees for more than three months are permitted by the United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) to work for one year on a student visa towards getting practical training to complement their education.
An outline, also called a hierarchical outline, is a list arranged to show hierarchical relationships and is a type of tree structure.
In business, outsourcing is an agreement in which one company contracts its own internal activity to a different company.
Overfishing is the removal of a species of fish from a body of water at a rate that the species cannot replenish in time, resulting in those species either becoming depleted or very underpopulated in that given area.
Ozone depletion describes two related events observed since the late 1970s: a steady lowering of about four percent in the total amount of ozone in Earth's atmosphere(the ozone layer), and a much larger springtime decrease in stratospheric ozone around Earth's polar regions.
Peace is the concept of harmony and the absence of hostility.
The pizza effect is a term used especially in religious studies and sociology for the phenomenon of elements of a nation or people's culture being transformed or at least more fully embraced elsewhere, then re-imported back to their culture of origin, or the way in which a community's self-understanding is influenced by (or imposed by, or imported from) foreign sources.
Planetary boundaries is a concept of nine Earth system processes which have boundaries proposed in 2009 by a group of Earth system and environmental scientists led by Johan Rockström from the Stockholm Resilience Centre and Will Steffen from the Australian National University.
Political science is a social science which deals with systems of governance, and the analysis of political activities, political thoughts, and political behavior.
Politics (from Politiká, meaning "affairs of the cities") is the process of making decisions that apply to members of a group.
Pollution is the introduction of contaminants into the natural environment that cause adverse change.
Post-contemporary (PoCo) is a forward-looking aesthetic philosophy distinguished by a re-constructive, global, human ethos which posits that the aesthetic experience is universal to humanity, and that this experience can inspire understanding and transformation.
In sociology, the post-industrial society is the stage of society's development when the service sector generates more wealth than the manufacturing sector of the economy.
Postdevelopment theory (also post-development or anti-development or development criticism) holds that the whole concept and practice of development is a reflection of Western-Northern hegemony over the rest of the world.
Postmodernism is a broad movement that developed in the mid- to late-20th century across philosophy, the arts, architecture, and criticism and that marked a departure from modernism.
Precarious work is non-standard employment that is poorly paid, insecure, unprotected, and cannot support a household.
In Marxist economics and preceding theories,Perelman, p. 25 (ch. 2) the problem of primitive accumulation (also called previous accumulation, original accumulation) of capital concerns the origin of capital, and therefore of how class distinctions between possessors and non-possessors came to be.
Proto-globalization or early modern globalization is a period of the history of globalization roughly spanning the years between 1600 and 1800, following the period of archaic globalization.
The race to the bottom is a socio-economic phrase which is used to describe government deregulation of the business environment, or reduction in tax rates, in order to attract or retain economic activity in their jurisdictions.
The regulation school (l'école de la régulation) is a group of writers in political economy and economics whose origins can be traced to France in the early 1970s, where economic instability and stagflation were rampant in the French economy.
Reverse brain drain is a form of brain drain where human capital moves in reverse from a more developed country to a less developed country that is developing rapidly.
Revolutionary socialism is the socialist doctrine that social revolution is necessary in order to bring about structural changes to society.
Samir Amin (سمير أمين) (born 3 September 1931) is an Egyptian-French Marxian economist.
Sierra Club Books was the publishing division of the Sierra Club, founded in 1960 by then Sierra Club President David Brower.
The social economy is formed by a rich diversity of enterprises and organisations, such as cooperatives, mutuals, associations, foundations, social enterprises and paritarian institutions, sharing common values and features.
A social movement is a type of group action.
The social web is a set of social relations that link people through the World Wide Web.
A society is a group of individuals involved in persistent social interaction, or a large social group sharing the same geographical or social territory, typically subject to the same political authority and dominant cultural expectations.
Sociocultural evolution, sociocultural evolutionism or cultural evolution are theories of cultural and social evolution that describe how cultures and societies change over time.
Sociology is the scientific study of society, patterns of social relationships, social interaction, and culture.
A special economic zone (SEZ) is an area in which business and trade laws are different from the rest of the country.
Standardization or standardisation is the process of implementing and developing technical standards based on the consensus of different parties that include firms, users, interest groups, standards organizations and governments Standardization can help to maximize compatibility, interoperability, safety, repeatability, or quality.
In commerce, supply chain management (SCM), the management of the flow of goods and services, involves the movement and storage of raw materials, of work-in-process inventory, and of finished goods from point of origin to point of consumption.
A supranational union is a type of multinational political union where negotiated power is delegated to an authority by governments of member states.
Sustainability is the process of change, in which the exploitation of resources, the direction of investments, the orientation of technological development and institutional change are all in harmony and enhance both current and future potential to meet human needs and aspirations.
Technocapitalism (a portmanteau word combining "technology" and "capitalism") refers to changes in capitalism associated with the emergence of new technology sectors, the power of corporations, and new forms of organization.
Telecommunication is the transmission of signs, signals, messages, words, writings, images and sounds or information of any nature by wire, radio, optical or other electromagnetic systems.
The Canadian Encyclopedia (abbreviated as TCE) is a source of information on Canada published by Historica Canada of Toronto.
The Superclass List is a creation of David Rothkopf which his book Superclass: The Global Power Elite and The World They Are Making (publ. March 2008) is based upon.
Time–space compression (also known as space–time compression and time–space distantiation), articulated in 1989 by geographer David Harvey in The Condition of Postmodernity, it refers to anything that impacts the time and space.
Trade globalization is a type of economic globalization and a measure (economic indicator) of economic integration.
The trade-to-GDP ratio is an indicator of the relative importance of international trade in the economy of a country.
Transnational cinema is a developing concept within film studies that encompasses a range of theories relating to the effects of globalization upon the cultural and economic aspects of film.
Transnational citizenship redefines traditional notions of citizenship and replaces an individual's singular national loyalties with the ability to belong to multiple nation states, as made visible in the political, cultural, social and economic realms.
Transnational organized crime (TOC) is organized crime coordinated across national borders, involving groups or networks of individuals working in more than one country to plan and execute illegal business ventures.
Transnationalism is a social phenomenon and scholarly research agenda grown out of the heightened interconnectivity between people and the receding economic and social significance of boundaries among nation states.
Transport or transportation is the movement of humans, animals and goods from one location to another.
A visa (from the Latin charta visa, meaning "paper which has been seen") is a conditional authorization granted by a country to a foreigner, allowing them to enter, remain within, or to leave that country.
Triadization (or triadisation) is a proposed alternative to the theory of globalization.
On 8 September 2000, following a three-day Millennium Summit of world leaders at the headquarters of the United Nations, the General Assembly adopted the Millennium Declaration (Resolution 55/2).
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) is a historic document that was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly at its third session on 10 December 1948 as Resolution 217 at the Palais de Chaillot in Paris, France.
Vermeer's Hat: The Seventeenth Century and the Dawn of the Global World is a book by the historian Professor Timothy Brook in which he explores the roots of world trade in the 17th century, through six paintings by the Dutch Golden Age painter Johannes Vermeer.
The Washington Consensus is a set of 10 economic policy prescriptions considered to constitute the "standard" reform package promoted for crisis-wracked developing countries by Washington, D.C.–based institutions such as the International Monetary Fund (IMF), World Bank and United States Department of the Treasury.
Water issues and problems in developing countries are diverse and serious: Problems include the natural scarcity of drinking-water in certain areas, floods, the siltation of river systems, as well as the contamination of rivers and large dams.
Water scarcity is the lack of fresh water resources to meet water demand.
Westernization (US) or Westernisation (UK), also Europeanization/Europeanisation or occidentalization/occidentalisation (from the Occident, meaning the Western world; see "occident" in the dictionary), is a process whereby societies come under or adopt Western culture in areas such as industry, technology, law, politics, economics, lifestyle, diet, clothing, language, alphabet, religion, philosophy, and values.
In the foreign exchange market and international finance, a world currency, supranational currency, or global currency refers to a currency that is transacted internationally, with no set borders.
The world economy or global economy is the economy of the world, considered as the international exchange of goods and services that is expressed in monetary units of account (money).
World energy consumption is the total energy used by the entire human civilization.
World Englishes is a term for emerging localized or indigenized varieties of English, especially varieties that have developed in territories influenced by the United Kingdom or the United States.
World Environment Day (WED) is celebrated on the 5th of June every year, and is the United Nation's principal vehicle for encouraging awareness and action for the protection of our environment.
World government or global government is the notion of a common political authority for all of humanity, yielding a global government and a single state that exercises authority over the entire Earth.
The World Music Awards is an international awards show founded in 1989 under the high patronage of Albert II, Prince of Monaco and is based in Monte Carlo.
The World Ocean or Global Ocean (colloquially the sea or the ocean) is the interconnected system of Earth's oceanic waters, and comprises the bulk of the hydrosphere, covering (70.8%) of Earth's surface, with a total volume of.
In demographics, the world population is the total number of humans currently living, and was estimated to have reached 7.6 billion people as of May 2018.
The World Values Survey (WVS) is a global research project that explores people’s values and beliefs, how they change over time and what social and political impact they have.
A world view or worldview is the fundamental cognitive orientation of an individual or society encompassing the whole of the individual's or society's knowledge and point of view.
The World Wide Web (abbreviated WWW or the Web) is an information space where documents and other web resources are identified by Uniform Resource Locators (URLs), interlinked by hypertext links, and accessible via the Internet.
World-systems theory (also known as world-systems analysis or the world-systems perspective)Immanuel Wallerstein, (2004), "World-systems Analysis." In World System History, ed.
This article deals with the status and efforts regarding the 2009 flu pandemic by country and continent/region.