208 relations: Accessibility, Activity-centered design, Adaptive autonomy, Aesthetics, Affordance, Alan Kay, Alias Systems Corporation, Alien (film), Apple Inc., Applied science, Archy, Artificial intelligence, AT&T Labs, Autocomplete, Autocorrection, Avatar (2009 film), Banner blindness, Barcode reader, Behavioural sciences, Bell Labs, Ben Shneiderman, Bill Buxton, Blade Runner, Bodystorming, Braille embosser, Brushing and linking, Cognitive ergonomics, Cognitive science, Cognitive walkthrough, Collaborative software, Command history, Command-line interface, Computer accessibility, Computer graphics, Computer hardware, Computer keyboard, Computer monitor, Computer mouse, Computer programming, Computer science, Computer speakers, Computer user satisfaction, Computer vision, Computer-supported cooperative work, Contextual design, Contextual inquiry, Crossing-based interface, Cut, copy, and paste, Display device, Don Norman, ..., Douglas Engelbart, Drag and drop, Dynabook, Feminist HCI, Final Fantasy: The Spirits Within, Fitts's law, Focus group, Gender HCI, George G. Robertson, Ghost in the Shell, GOMS, Graphic design, Graphical user interface, Gulf of evaluation, Gulf of execution, Habituation, Haptic technology, Headphones, Her (film), Herbert A. Simon, Heuristic evaluation, Hick's law, History of automated adaptive instruction in computer applications, History of the graphical user interface, HP Labs, Human action cycle, Human factors and ergonomics, Human interface device, Human–computer information retrieval, Human–computer interaction, Human–computer interaction (security), Hyperlink, Hypermedia, Hypertext, I, Robot (film), Icon (computing), IEEE Computer Society, Industrial design, Information design, Information retrieval, Information science, Information security, Input device, Input/output, Intelligent code completion, Interaction, Interaction design, Interaction technique, Iron Man (2008 film), Iterative design, Ivan Sutherland, Jakob Nielsen (usability consultant), Jef Raskin, John L. Heilbron, John M. Carroll (information scientist), Johnny Mnemonic, Keyboard shortcut, Keystroke-level model, Knowbility, Knowledge Navigator, Library and information science, List of graphical user interface elements, Look and feel, Luser, Macintosh, Memory, Merriam-Webster, Microphone, Microsoft Research, Minority Report (film), Mobile device, Mobile interaction, Mode (computer interface), Mouse chording, Multimedia, Multiple document interface, NLS (computer system), Office of the future, Outline (list), Output device, PARC (company), Participatory design, Paul Fitts, Perception, Peripheral, Personal information management, Phenomenology (philosophy), Pictive, Plotter, Point and click, Pointer (user interface), Pointing device, Principle of least astonishment, Printer (computing), Process-centered design, Progressive disclosure, Project Looking Glass, Psychology, Rapid prototyping, Refreshable braille display, Repetitive strain injury, Scenario (computing), Sensory nervous system, Serial Experiments Lain, Simone (2002 film), Sketchpad, Social psychology, Social science, Software agent, Software Engineering Body of Knowledge, Sonic interaction design, Speech-language pathology, SRI International, Star Wars (film), Steering law, Steve Mann, System, Tab (GUI), Task analysis, Ted Nelson, Terry Winograd, Thanatosensitivity, The Last Starfighter, The Lawnmower Man (film), The Matrix, The Mother of All Demos, Three Mile Island accident, Tim Berners-Lee, Transparency (human–computer interaction), Tron, Ubiquitous computing, Unit record equipment, Universal usability, Usability, Usability engineering, Usability lab, Usability testing, Usage-centered design, User (computing), User experience, User experience design, User interface, User interface design, User-centered design, Value sensitive design, Video projector, Visual programming language, Visualization (graphics), Widget (GUI), WIMP (computing), Window manager, Wizard of Oz experiment, World Wide Web, WYSIWYG, Xerox Alto, Xerox Star, Zooming user interface, 2001: A Space Odyssey (film). Expand index (158 more) » « Shrink index
Accessibility refers to the design of products, devices, services, or environments for people who experience disabilities.
Activity-centered design (ACD) is an extension of the Human-centered design paradigm in interaction design.
The extremist idea of "eliminate the human from the field" rendered the ironies of automation, to the extent that the researchers in the related fields shifted the paradigm to the idea of "best-fit autonomy for the computers", in order to provide more humane automation solutions.
Aesthetics (also spelled esthetics) is a branch of philosophy that explores the nature of art, beauty, and taste, with the creation and appreciation of beauty.
The term affordance was created by psychologist James J. Gibson.
Alan Curtis Kay (born May 17, 1940 published by the Association for Computing Machinery 2012) is an American computer scientist.
Alias Systems Corporation (formerly Alias|Wavefront), headquartered in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, was a software company that produced high-end 3D graphics software.
Alien is a 1979 science fiction horror film directed by Ridley Scott, and starring Sigourney Weaver, Tom Skerritt, Veronica Cartwright, Harry Dean Stanton, John Hurt, Ian Holm and Yaphet Kotto.
Apple Inc. is an American multinational technology company headquartered in Cupertino, California, that designs, develops, and sells consumer electronics, computer software, and online services.
Applied science is the application of existing scientific knowledge to practical applications, like technology or inventions.
Archy is a software system whose user interface poses a radically different approach for interacting with computers with respect to traditional graphical user interfaces.
Artificial intelligence (AI, also machine intelligence, MI) is intelligence demonstrated by machines, in contrast to the natural intelligence (NI) displayed by humans and other animals.
AT&T Labs is the research & development division of AT&T.
Autocomplete, or word completion, is a feature in which an application predicts the rest of a word a user is typing.
Text replacement, replace-as-you-type or autocorrect is an automatic data validation function commonly found in word processors and text editing interfaces for smartphones and tablet computers.
Avatar, marketed as James Cameron's Avatar, is a 2009 American epic science fiction film directed, written, produced, and co-edited by James Cameron, and stars Sam Worthington, Zoe Saldana, Stephen Lang, Michelle Rodriguez, and Sigourney Weaver.
Banner blindness is a phenomenon in web usability where visitors to a website consciously or subconsciously ignore banner-like information, which can also be called ad blindness or banner noise.
A bar code reader (or bar code scanner) is an electronic device that can read and output printed barcodes to a computer.
The term behavioral sciences encompasses the various disciplines that explores the cognitive processes within organisms and the behavioural interactions between organisms in the natural world.
Nokia Bell Labs (formerly named AT&T Bell Laboratories, Bell Telephone Laboratories and Bell Labs) is an American research and scientific development company, owned by Finnish company Nokia.
Ben Shneiderman (born August 21, 1947) is an American computer scientist, a Distinguished University Professor in the Department of Computer Science, which is part of the University of Maryland College of Computer, Mathematical, and Natural Sciences at the University of Maryland, College Park, and the founding director (1983-2000) of the University of Maryland Human-Computer Interaction Lab.
William Arthur Stewart "Bill" Buxton (born March 10, 1949) is a Canadian computer scientist and designer.
Blade Runner is a 1982 American-Hong Kong neo-noir science fiction film directed by Ridley Scott, written by Hampton Fancher and David Peoples, and starring Harrison Ford, Rutger Hauer, Sean Young, and Edward James Olmos.
Bodystorming is a technique sometimes used in interaction design or as a creativity technique.
A braille embosser is an impact printer that renders text as tactile braille cells.
In databases, brushing and linking refers to the connection of two or more views of the same data, such that a change to the representation in one view affects the representation in the other.
Cognitive ergonomics, defined by the International Ergonomics Association "is concerned with mental processes, such as perception, memory, reasoning, and motor response, as they affect interactions among humans and other elements of a system.
Cognitive science is the interdisciplinary, scientific study of the mind and its processes.
The cognitive walkthrough method is a usability inspection method used to identify usability issues in interactive systems, focusing on how easy it is for new users to accomplish tasks with the system.
Collaborative software or groupware is application software designed to help people involved in a common task to achieve their goals.
Command history is a feature in many operating system shells, computer algebra programs, and other software that allows the user to recall, edit and rerun previous commands.
A command-line interface or command language interpreter (CLI), also known as command-line user interface, console user interface and character user interface (CUI), is a means of interacting with a computer program where the user (or client) issues commands to the program in the form of successive lines of text (command lines).
In human–computer interaction, computer accessibility (also known as accessible computing) refers to the accessibility of a computer system to all people, regardless of disability type or severity of impairment.
Computer graphics are pictures and films created using computers.
Computer hardware includes the physical parts or components of a computer, such as the central processing unit, monitor, keyboard, computer data storage, graphic card, sound card and motherboard.
In computing, a computer keyboard is a typewriter-style device which uses an arrangement of buttons or keys to act as mechanical levers or electronic switches.
A computer monitor is an output device which displays information in pictorial form.
A computer mouse is a hand-held pointing device that detects two-dimensional motion relative to a surface.
Computer programming is the process of building and designing an executable computer program for accomplishing a specific computing task.
Computer science deals with the theoretical foundations of information and computation, together with practical techniques for the implementation and application of these foundations.
Computer speakers, or multimedia speakers, are speakers sold for use with computers, although usually capable of other audio uses, e.g. for an MP3 player.
Computer user satisfaction (and closely related concepts such as system satisfaction, user satisfaction, computer system satisfaction, end user computing satisfaction) is the attitude of a user to the computer system (s)he employs in the context of his/her work environments.
Computer vision is a field that deals with how computers can be made for gaining high-level understanding from digital images or videos.
The term computer-supported cooperative work (CSCW) was first coined by Irene Greif and Paul M. Cashman in 1984, at a workshop attended by individuals interested in using technology to support people in their work.
Contextual design (CD) is a user-centered design process developed by Hugh Beyer and Karen Holtzblatt.
Contextual inquiry (CI) is a user-centered design (UCD) research method, part of the contextual design methodology.
Crossing-based interfaces are graphical user interfaces that use crossing gestures instead of, or in complement to, pointing.
In human–computer interaction, cut, copy and paste are related commands that offer a user-interface interprocess communication technique for transferring data.
A display device is an output device for presentation of information in visual or tactile form (the latter used for example in tactile electronic displays for blind people).
Donald Arthur Norman (born December 25, 1935) is the director of The Design Lab at University of California, San Diego.
Douglas Carl Engelbart (January 30, 1925 – July 2, 2013) was an American engineer and inventor, and an early computer and Internet pioneer.
In computer graphical user interfaces, drag and drop is a pointing device gesture in which the user selects a virtual object by "grabbing" it and dragging it to a different location or onto another virtual object.
The KiddiComp concept, envisioned by Alan Kay in 1968 while a PhD candidate, and later developed and described as the Dynabook in his 1972 proposal "A personal computer for children of all ages", outlines the requirements for a conceptual portable educational device that would offer similar functionality to that now supplied via a laptop computer or (in some of its other incarnations) a tablet or slate computer with the exception of the requirement for any Dynabook device offering near eternal battery life.
Feminist HCI is a subfield of human-computer interaction (commonly called HCI) that focuses on helping the field of HCI build interactions that pay attention to gender, equity, and social justice in research and in the design process.
Final Fantasy: The Spirits Within is a 2001 American computer-animated science fiction film directed by Hironobu Sakaguchi, creator of the Final Fantasy series of role-playing video games.
Fitts's law (often cited as Fitts' law) is a predictive model of human movement primarily used in human–computer interaction and ergonomics.
A focus group is a small, but demographically diverse group of people and whose reactions are studied especially in market research or political analysis in guided or open discussions about a new product or something else to determine the reactions that can be expected from a larger population.
Gender HCI is a subfield of human-computer interaction that focuses on the design and evaluation of interactive systems for humans, with emphasis on differences in how males and females interact with computers.
George G. Robertson is an American information visualization expert and Senior Researcher, Visualization and Interaction (VIBE) Research Group, Microsoft Research.
is a Japanese media franchise originally published as a seinen manga series of the same name written and illustrated by Masamune Shirow.
GOMS is a specialized human information processor model for human-computer interaction observation that describes a user's cognitive structure on four components.
Graphic design is the process of visual communication and problem-solving through the use of typography, photography and illustration.
The graphical user interface (GUI), is a type of user interface that allows users to interact with electronic devices through graphical icons and visual indicators such as secondary notation, instead of text-based user interfaces, typed command labels or text navigation.
In computer science, the gulf of evaluation is the degree to which the system/artifact provides representations that can be directly perceived and interpreted in terms of the expectations and intentions of the user.
In human computer interaction, the gulf of execution is the gap between a user's goal for action and the means to execute that goal.
Habituation is a form of learning in which an organism decreases or ceases its responses to a stimulus after repeated or prolonged presentations.
Haptic or kinesthetic communication recreates the sense of touch by applying forces, vibrations, or motions to the user.
Headphones (or head-phones in the early days of telephony and radio) are a pair of small loudspeaker drivers worn on or around the head over a user's ears.
Her is a 2013 American romantic science-fiction drama film written, directed, and produced by Spike Jonze.
Herbert Alexander Simon (June 15, 1916 – February 9, 2001) was an American economist and political scientist whose primary interest was decision-making within organizations and is best known for the theories of "bounded rationality" and "satisficing".
A heuristic evaluation is a usability inspection method for computer software that helps to identify usability problems in the user interface (UI) design.
Hick's law, or the Hick–Hyman law, named after British and American psychologists William Edmund Hick and Ray Hyman, describes the time it takes for a person to make a decision as a result of the possible choices he or she has: increasing the number of choices will increase the decision time logarithmically.
Within the field of human-computer interaction there has long been interest in developing adaptive automated instruction software to facilitate learning of application programs.
The history of the graphical user interface, understood as the use of graphic icons and a pointing device to control a computer, covers a five-decade span of incremental refinements, built on some constant core principles.
HP Labs is the exploratory and advanced research group for HP Inc. HP headquarters is in Palo Alto, California and has research and development facilities in Bristol, UK.
The human action cycle is a psychological model which describes the steps humans take when they interact with computer systems.
Human factors and ergonomics (commonly referred to as Human Factors), is the application of psychological and physiological principles to the (engineering and) design of products, processes, and systems.
A human interface device or HID is a type of computer device usually used by humans that takes input from humans and gives output to humans.
Human-computer information retrieval (HCIR) is the study and engineering of information retrieval techniques that bring human intelligence into the search process.
Human–computer interaction (HCI) researches the design and use of computer technology, focused on the interfaces between people (users) and computers.
HCISec is the study of interaction between humans and computers, or human–computer interaction, specifically as it pertains to information security.
In computing, a hyperlink, or simply a link, is a reference to data that the reader can directly follow either by clicking, tapping, or hovering.
Hypermedia, an extension of the term hypertext, is a nonlinear medium of information that includes graphics, audio, video, plain text and hyperlinks.
Hypertext is text displayed on a computer display or other electronic devices with references (hyperlinks) to other text that the reader can immediately access, or where text can be revealed progressively at multiple levels of detail (also called StretchText).
I, Robot (stylized as i) is a 2004 American science fiction action film directed by Alex Proyas.
In computing, an icon is a pictogram or ideogram displayed on a computer screen in order to help the user navigate a computer system or mobile device.
IEEE Computer Society (sometimes abbreviated Computer Society or CS) is a professional society of IEEE.
Industrial design is a process of design applied to products that are to be manufactured through techniques of mass production.
Information design is the practice of presenting information in a way that fosters efficient and effective understanding of it.
Information retrieval (IR) is the activity of obtaining information system resources relevant to an information need from a collection of information resources.
Information science is a field primarily concerned with the analysis, collection, classification, manipulation, storage, retrieval, movement, dissemination, and protection of information.
Information security, sometimes shortened to InfoSec, is the practice of preventing unauthorized access, use, disclosure, disruption, modification, inspection, recording or destruction of information.
In computing, an input device is a piece of computer hardware equipment used to provide data and control signals to an information processing system such as a computer or information appliance.
In computing, input/output or I/O (or, informally, io or IO) is the communication between an information processing system, such as a computer, and the outside world, possibly a human or another information processing system.
Intelligent code completion is a context-aware code completion feature in some programming environments that speeds up the process of coding applications by reducing typos and other common mistakes.
Interaction is a kind of action that occur as two or more objects have an effect upon one another.
Interaction design, often abbreviated as IxD, is "the practice of designing interactive digital products, environments, systems, and services." Beyond the digital aspect, interaction design is also useful when creating physical (non-digital) products, exploring how a user might interact with it.
An interaction technique, user interface technique or input technique is a combination of hardware and software elements that provides a way for computer users to accomplish a single task.
Iron Man is a 2008 American superhero film based on the Marvel Comics character of the same name, produced by Marvel Studios and distributed by Paramount Pictures.
Iterative design is a design methodology based on a cyclic process of prototyping, testing, analyzing, and refining a product or process.
Ivan Edward Sutherland (born May 16, 1938) is an American computer scientist and Internet pioneer, widely regarded as the "father of computer graphics." His early work in computer graphics as well as his teaching with David C. Evans in that subject at the University of Utah in the 1970s was pioneering in the field.
Jakob Nielsen (born 5 October 1957) is a Danish web usability consultant.
Jef Raskin (March 9, 1943 – February 26, 2005) was an American human–computer interface expert best known for conceiving and starting the Macintosh project at Apple in the late 1970s.
John Lewis Heilbron (born 17 March 1934, San Francisco) is an American historian of science best known for his work in the history of physics and the history of astronomy.
John Millar Carroll (born 1950) is a distinguished professor of Information Sciences and Technology at Pennsylvania State University where he previously served as the Edward Frymoyer Chair of Information Sciences and Technology.
"Johnny Mnemonic" is a short story by American-Canadian writer William Gibson, which served as inspiration for the 1995 film of the same name.
In computing, a keyboard shortcut is a series of one or several keys, such as Ctrl+F to search a character string.
In human–computer interaction, the keystroke-level model (KLM) predicts how long it will take an expert user to accomplish a routine task without errors using an interactive computer system.
Knowbility is an American non-governmental organization based in Austin, Texas, working to support the independence and empowerment of people with disabilities by promoting the use and improving the availability of accessible information technology.
The Knowledge Navigator is a concept described by former Apple Computer CEO John Sculley in his 1987 book, ''Odyssey''.
Library and information science (LIS) (sometimes given as the plural library and information sciences) or as "library and information studies" is a merging of library science and information science.
Graphical user interface elements are those elements used by graphical user interfaces (GUIs) to offer a consistent visual language to represent information stored in computers.
In software design, look and feel is a term used in respect of a graphical user interface and comprises aspects of its design, including elements such as colors, shapes, layout, and typefaces (the "look"), as well as the behavior of dynamic elements such as buttons, boxes, and menus (the "feel").
SVensson's ITS on KLH-10 Welcome to SV! SV ITS.1648.
The Macintosh (pronounced as; branded as Mac since 1998) is a family of personal computers designed, manufactured, and sold by Apple Inc. since January 1984.
Memory is the faculty of the mind by which information is encoded, stored, and retrieved.
Merriam–Webster, Incorporated is an American company that publishes reference books which is especially known for its dictionaries.
A microphone, colloquially nicknamed mic or mike, is a transducer that converts sound into an electrical signal.
Microsoft Research is the research subsidiary of Microsoft.
Minority Report is a 2002 American neo-noir science fiction film directed by Steven Spielberg and loosely based on the short story "The Minority Report" by Philip K. Dick.
A mobile device (or handheld computer) is a computing device small enough to hold and operate in the hand.
Mobile interaction is the study of interaction between mobile users and computers.
In user interface design, a mode is a distinct setting within a computer program or any physical machine interface, in which the same user input will produce perceived results different to those that it would in other settings.
Mouse chording is the capability of performing actions when multiple mouse buttons are held down, much like a chorded keyboard and similar to mouse gestures.
Multimedia is content that uses a combination of different content forms such as text, audio, images, animations, video and interactive content.
A multiple document interface (MDI) is a graphical user interface in which multiple windows reside under a single parent window.
NLS, or the "oN-Line System", was a revolutionary computer collaboration system from the 1960s.
The office of the future is a concept dating from the 1940s.
An outline, also called a hierarchical outline, is a list arranged to show hierarchical relationships and is a type of tree structure.
In computing, an output device is a piece of computer hardware equipment that uses received data and commands from an information processing system (such as a computer or information appliance) in order to perform a task.
PARC (Palo Alto Research Center; formerly Xerox PARC) is a research and development company in Palo Alto, California, with a distinguished reputation for its contributions to information technology and hardware systems.
Participatory design (originally co-operative design, now often co-design) is an approach to design attempting to actively involve all stakeholders (e.g. employees, partners, customers, citizens, end users) in the design process to help ensure the result meets their needs and is usable.
Paul Morris Fitts Jr. (May 6, 1912 – May 2, 1965) was a psychologist at the Ohio State University (later at the University of Michigan).
Perception (from the Latin perceptio) is the organization, identification, and interpretation of sensory information in order to represent and understand the presented information, or the environment.
A peripheral device is "an ancillary device used to put information into and get information out of the computer." Three categories of peripheral devices exist based on their relationship with the computer.
Personal information management (PIM) is the activities people perform in order to acquire, organize, maintain, retrieve and use personal information items such as documents (paper-based and digital), web pages and email messages for everyday use to complete tasks (work-related or not) and fulfill a person's various roles (as parent, employee, friend, member of community, etc.). More simply, PIM is the art of getting things done in our lives through information. Practically, PIM is concerned with how people organize and maintain personal information collections, and methods that can help people in doing so.
Phenomenology (from Greek phainómenon "that which appears" and lógos "study") is the philosophical study of the structures of experience and consciousness.
PICTIVE (Plastic Interface for Collaborative Technology Initiative through Video Exploration) It was developed at Bellcore around 1990.
The plotter is a computer printer for printing vector graphics.
Point and click are the actions of a computer user moving a pointer to a certain location on a screen (pointing) and then pressing a button on a mouse, usually the left button (click), or other pointing device.
In computing, a pointer or mouse cursor (as part of a personal computer WIMP style of interaction) is a symbol or graphical image on the computer monitor or other display device that echoes movements of the pointing device, commonly a mouse, touchpad, or stylus pen.
A pointing device is an input interface (specifically a human interface device) that allows a user to input spatial (i.e., continuous and multi-dimensional) data to a computer.
The principle of least astonishment (POLA) (alternatively "principle/law/rule of least astonishment/surprise") applies to user interface and software design.
In computing, a printer is a peripheral device which makes a persistent human-readable representation of graphics or text on paper.
Process-centered design (PCD) is a design methodology, which proposes a business centric approach for designing user interfaces.
Progressive disclosure is an interaction design technique often used in human computer interaction to help maintain the focus of a user's attention by reducing clutter, confusion, and cognitive workload.
Project Looking Glass is a now inactive free software project under the GPL to create an innovative 3D desktop environment for Linux, Solaris, and Windows.
Psychology is the science of behavior and mind, including conscious and unconscious phenomena, as well as feeling and thought.
Rapid prototyping is a group of techniques used to quickly fabricate a scale model of a physical part or assembly using three-dimensional computer aided design (CAD) data.
A refreshable braille display or braille terminal is an electro-mechanical device for displaying braille characters, usually by means of round-tipped pins raised through holes in a flat surface.
A repetitive strain injury (RSI, also known as work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WRMSDs), is an "injury to the musculoskeletal and nervous systems that may be caused by repetitive tasks, forceful exertions, vibrations, mechanical compression, or sustained or awkward positions".
In computing, a scenario (from Italian: that which is pinned to the scenery; pronounced) is a narrative of foreseeable interactions of user roles (known in the Unified Modeling Language as 'actors') and the technical system, which usually includes computer hardware and software.
The sensory nervous system is a part of the nervous system responsible for processing sensory information.
is a science fiction anime series directed by Ryūtarō Nakamura, with character design by Yoshitoshi ABe, screenplay written by Chiaki J. Konaka, and produced by Yasuyuki Ueda for Triangle Staff.
Simone (stylized as S1M0NE) is a 2002 American science-fiction film written, produced and directed by Andrew Niccol.
Sketchpad (a.k.a. Robot Draftsman) was a revolutionary computer program written by Ivan Sutherland in 1963 in the course of his PhD thesis, for which he received the Turing Award in 1988, and the Kyoto Prize in 2012.
Social psychology is the study of how people's thoughts, feelings, and behaviors are influenced by the actual, imagined, or implied presence of others.
Social science is a major category of academic disciplines, concerned with society and the relationships among individuals within a society.
In computer science, a software agent is a computer program that acts for a user or other program in a relationship of agency, which derives from the Latin agere (to do): an agreement to act on one's behalf.
The Software Engineering Body of Knowledge (SWEBOK) is an international standard ISO/IEC TR 19759:2005 specifying a guide to the generally accepted Software Engineering Body of Knowledge.
Sonic interaction design is the study and exploitation of sound as one of the principal channels conveying information, meaning, and aesthetic/emotional qualities in interactive contexts.
Speech-language pathology is a field of expertise practiced by a clinician known as a speech-language pathologist (SLP), also sometimes referred to as a speech and language therapist or a speech therapist. SLP is considered a "related health profession" along with audiology, optometry, occupational therapy, clinical psychology, physical therapy, and others.
SRI International (SRI) is an American nonprofit research institute headquartered in Menlo Park, California.
Star Wars (later retitled Star Wars: Episode IV – A New Hope) is a 1977 American epic space opera film written and directed by George Lucas.
The steering law in human–computer interaction and ergonomics is a predictive model of human movement that describes the time required to navigate, or steer, through a 2-dimensional tunnel.
Steven Mann (born 1962) is a Canadian researcher and inventor best known for his work on augmented reality, computational photography, particularly wearable computing and high dynamic range imaging.
A system is a regularly interacting or interdependent group of items forming an integrated whole.
In interface design, a tabbed document interface (TDI) or Tab is a graphical control element that allows multiple documents or panels to be contained within a single window, using tabs as a navigational widget for switching between sets of documents.
Task analysis is the analysis of how a task is accomplished, including a detailed description of both manual and mental activities, task and element durations, task frequency, task allocation, task complexity, environmental conditions, necessary clothing and equipment, and any other unique factors involved in or required for one or more people to perform a given task.
Theodor Holm "Ted" Nelson (born June 17, 1937) is an American pioneer of information technology, philosopher, and sociologist.
Terry Allen Winograd (born February 24, 1946) is an American professor of computer science at Stanford University, and co-director of the Stanford Human-Computer Interaction Group.
Thanatosensitivity describes an epistemological-methodological approach into technological research and design that actively seeks to integrate the facts of mortality, dying, and death into traditional user-centered design.
The Last Starfighter is a 1984 American space opera film directed by Nick Castle.
The Lawnmower Man is a 1992 science-fiction action-horror film directed by Brett Leonard and written by Brett Leonard and Gimel Everett.
The Matrix is a 1999 science fiction action film written and directed by The Wachowskis (credited as The Wachowski Brothers) and starring Keanu Reeves, Laurence Fishburne, Carrie-Anne Moss, Hugo Weaving, and Joe Pantoliano.
"The Mother of All Demos" is a name retroactively applied to a landmark computer demonstration, given at the Association for Computing Machinery / Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (ACM/IEEE)—Computer Society's Fall Joint Computer Conference in San Francisco, which was presented by Douglas Engelbart on 9 December, 1968.
The Three Mile Island accident occurred on March 28, 1979, in reactor number 2 of Three Mile Island Nuclear Generating Station (TMI-2) in Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, near Harrisburg.
Sir Timothy John Berners-Lee (born 8 June 1955), also known as TimBL, is an English engineer and computer scientist, best known as the inventor of the World Wide Web.
Any change in a computing system, such as a new feature or new component, is transparent if the system after change adheres to previous external interface as much as possible while changing its internal behaviour.
Tron is a 1982 American science fiction action-adventure film written and directed by Steven Lisberger from a story by Lisberger and Bonnie MacBird.
Ubiquitous computing (or "ubicomp") is a concept in software engineering and computer science where computing is made to appear anytime and everywhere.
Starting at the end of the nineteenth century, well before the advent of electronic computers, data processing was performed using electromechanical machines called unit record equipment, electric accounting machines (EAM) or tabulating machines.
Universal usability refers to the design of information and communications products and services that are usable for every citizen.
Usability is the ease of use and learnability of a human-made object such as a tool or device.
Usability engineering is a field that is concerned generally with human-computer interaction and specifically with devising human-computer interfaces that have high usability or user friendliness.
A usability lab is a place where usability testing is done.
Usability testing is a technique used in user-centered interaction design to evaluate a product by testing it on users.
Usage-centered design is an approach to user interface design based on a focus on user intentions and usage patterns.
A user is a person who utilizes a computer or network service.
User Experience (UX) refers to a person's emotions and attitudes about using a particular product, system or service.
User experience design (UX, UXD, UED or XD) is the process of enhancing user satisfaction with a product by improving the usability, accessibility, and pleasure provided in the interaction with the product.
The user interface (UI), in the industrial design field of human–computer interaction, is the space where interactions between humans and machines occur.
User interface design (UI) or user interface engineering is the design of user interfaces for machines and software, such as computers, home appliances, mobile devices, and other electronic devices, with the focus on maximizing usability and the user experience.
User-centered design (UCD) or user-driven development (UDD) is a framework of processes (not restricted to interfaces or technologies) in which usability goals, user characteristics, environment, tasks and workflow of a product, service or process are given extensive attention at each stage of the design process.
Value sensitive design (VSD) is a theoretically grounded approach to the design of technology that accounts for human values in a principled and comprehensive manner.
A video projector is an image projector that receives a video signal and projects the corresponding image on a projection screen using a lens system.
In computing, a visual programming language (VPL) is any programming language that lets users create programs by manipulating program elements graphically rather than by specifying them textually.
Visualization or visualisation (see spelling differences) is any technique for creating images, diagrams, or animations to communicate a message.
A control element (sometimes called a control or widget) in a graphical user interface is an element of interaction, such as a button or a scroll bar.
In human–computer interaction, WIMP stands for "windows, icons, menus, pointer", denoting a style of interaction using these elements of the user interface.
A window manager is system software that controls the placement and appearance of windows within a windowing system in a graphical user interface.
In the field of human–computer interaction, a Wizard of Oz experiment is a research experiment in which subjects interact with a computer system that subjects believe to be autonomous, but which is actually being operated or partially operated by an unseen human being.
The World Wide Web (abbreviated WWW or the Web) is an information space where documents and other web resources are identified by Uniform Resource Locators (URLs), interlinked by hypertext links, and accessible via the Internet.
WYSIWYG is an acronym for "what you see is what you get".
The Xerox Alto is the first computer designed from its inception to support an operating system based on a graphical user interface (GUI), later using the desktop metaphor.
The Star workstation, officially named Xerox 8010 Information System, was the first commercial system to incorporate various technologies that have since become standard in personal computers, including a bitmapped display, a window-based graphical user interface, icons, folders, mouse (two-button), Ethernet networking, file servers, print servers, and e-mail.
In computing, a zooming user interface or zoomable user interface (ZUI, pronounced zoo-ee) is a graphical environment where users can change the scale of the viewed area in order to see more detail or less, and browse through different documents.
2001: A Space Odyssey is a 1968 epic science fiction film produced and directed by Stanley Kubrick.